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J Appl Microbiol ; 116(5): 1129-36, 2014 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24517235


AIM: To study the effects exerted by argon microwave nonthermal plasma (NTP) on cell wall-lacking Mollicutes bacteria. METHODS AND RESULTS: 10(8) CFU ml(-1) agar plated Mycoplasma hominis and Acholeplasma laidlawii were treated with the nonthermal microwave argon plasma for 30-300 s. The maximal 10- and 100-fold drop was observed for A. laidlawii and Myc. hominis, respectively. Similarly treated Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus demonstrated the 10(5) and 10(3) drop, respectively. Removal of cholesterol affected resistance of A. laidlawii. 10 mmol l(-1) antioxidant butylated hydroxytoluene decreased mortality by a factor of 25-200. UV radiation alone caused 25-85% mortality in comparison with the whole NTP. Exogenously added hydrogen peroxide H2O2 did not cause mortality. NTP treatment of Myc. hominis triggered growth of microcolonies, which were several tenfold smaller than a typical colony. CONCLUSIONS: Despite the lack of cell wall, A. laidlawii and Myc. hominis were more resistant to argon microwave NTP than other tested bacteria. Mycoplasma hominis formed microcolonies upon NTP treatment. A role of UV and active species was demonstrated. SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACT OF THE STUDY: The first study of NTP effects on Mollicutes revealed importance of a membrane composition for bacterial resistance to NTP. New specific Myc. hominis morphological forms were observed. The study confirmed importance of the concerted action of reactive oxygen species (ROS) with UV and other plasma bioactive agents for NTP bactericidal action.

Acholeplasma laidlawii/efeitos dos fármacos , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Mycoplasma hominis/efeitos dos fármacos , Gases em Plasma/farmacologia , Argônio , Colesterol/fisiologia , Viabilidade Microbiana/efeitos dos fármacos , Micro-Ondas , Mycoplasma hominis/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Mycoplasma hominis/ultraestrutura , Oxidantes/farmacologia , Raios Ultravioleta
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22937721


AIM: Determine the role of opportunistic infections causative agents in ethology of obstructive bronchitises and prolonged subfebrilities in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 56 children with the diagnosis of obstructive bronchitis and 46 children with the diagnosis of prolonged subfebrility were examined for the presence of herpes, mycoplasma and pneumocystic infections. EIA, IIF, rapid culture method, PCR were used. RESULTS: The highest number of cases of mixed infection was detected in children with HHV-6 infection. Mixed infection was diagnosed 6 times more frequently in children with obstructive bronchitis and 9 times in children with prolonged subfebrility. The number of children with pneumocystosis in combination with other infections was 2.4 and 2 times higher than with monoinfection; with CMV infection--4 and 2 times; with HSV infection--5 and 4 times; EBV infection--6 and 3.7 times. The only exception was mycoplasmosis detected in children with obstructive bronchitis where the difference between the number of mono and mixed infection cases was insignificant. CONCLUSION: The data obtained give evidence of wide spread of opportunistic infections.

Bronquite/diagnóstico , Coinfecção/diagnóstico , Febre/diagnóstico , Infecções Oportunistas/diagnóstico , Biomarcadores/sangue , Bronquite/sangue , Bronquite/etiologia , Criança , Doença Crônica , Coinfecção/sangue , Coinfecção/complicações , Infecções por Citomegalovirus/sangue , Infecções por Citomegalovirus/complicações , Infecções por Citomegalovirus/diagnóstico , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/sangue , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/complicações , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/diagnóstico , Febre/sangue , Febre/etiologia , Herpes Simples/sangue , Herpes Simples/complicações , Herpes Simples/diagnóstico , Herpesvirus Humano 6/genética , Herpesvirus Humano 6/isolamento & purificação , Humanos , Imunoglobulinas/sangue , Infecções por Mycoplasma/sangue , Infecções por Mycoplasma/complicações , Infecções por Mycoplasma/diagnóstico , Infecções Oportunistas/sangue , Infecções Oportunistas/complicações , Pneumonia por Pneumocystis/sangue , Pneumonia por Pneumocystis/complicações , Pneumonia por Pneumocystis/diagnóstico , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Infecções por Roseolovirus/sangue , Infecções por Roseolovirus/complicações , Infecções por Roseolovirus/diagnóstico
Mol Gen Mikrobiol Virusol ; (1): 16-21, 2010.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20364476


A total of 84 Y. pseudotuberculosis isolates were studied. The isolates were obtained in Russian Federation in 1967-2008. The majority of Y. pseudotuberculosis isolates (n = 55) were of clinical origin and were isolated from feces of patients with the clinically and serologically proved diagnosis of pseudotuberculosis/Far East scarlet-like fever. These isolates included 18 isolates obtained from 3 outbreaks. Nine isolates were isolated from the internal organs of wild rodents. Other isolates were obtained from environmental sources. Ten Y. pseudotuberculosis isolates belonged to the serovar III and the other isolates belonged to the serovar I. The sequences of 600 b.p. fragment of the inv gene that encodes 667 through 866 invasin amino acids were determined for all isolates. Totally, 3 allelic variants were found. The most abundant allele 1 was found in 76 isolates. The allele 1 is represented in the database Genbank by the strain IP31758 isolated in the Far East of Russia (Eppinger et al., 2007). The allele 2 differed from allele 1 in 3 positions: G,2299N, O2300N, and O2302N. Substitutions in positions 2299 and 2302 were non-synonymous and resulted in amino acid substitutions Ser768 Thr and Val769 Ala. Six isolates carried allele 2. Allele 3 was found in two isolates different from allele 2 by a synonymous substitution G2324O. This allele is similar to the sequence found in Y. pestis strains, represented in the GenBank. The allelic distribution was not serovar specific: Y. pseudotuberculosis of serovar III and majority of serovar I isolates carried allele 1. The analysis of the allelic distribution among subpopulations formed on the base of a source of isolation revealed a statistically significant difference in spreading of alleles among clinical and wild rodent isolates (p < 0.05). Allele 1 prevailed over clinical isolates (95%), while allele 1 and allele 2 were disseminated equally among rodent isolates (55 % and 45 %, respectively).

Adesinas Bacterianas/genética , Polimorfismo Genético , Infecções por Yersinia pseudotuberculosis/microbiologia , Yersinia pseudotuberculosis/genética , Alelos , Animais , Surtos de Doenças , Humanos , Estrutura Terciária de Proteína/genética , Roedores/microbiologia , Sibéria/epidemiologia , Yersinia pseudotuberculosis/isolamento & purificação , Yersinia pseudotuberculosis/patogenicidade , Infecções por Yersinia pseudotuberculosis/epidemiologia