*Phys Rev Lett ; 126(21): 217202, 2021 May 28.*

##### RESUMO

CeIrSn with a quasikagome Ce lattice in the hexagonal basal plane is a strongly valence fluctuating compound, as we confirm by hard x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and inelastic neutron scattering, with a high Kondo temperature of T_{K}â¼480 K. We report a negative in-plane thermal expansion α/T below 2 K, which passes through a broad minimum near 0.75 K. Volume and a-axis magnetostriction for Bâ¥a are markedly negative at low fields and change sign before a sharp metamagnetic anomaly at 6 T. These behaviors are unexpected for Ce-based intermediate valence systems, which should feature positive expansivity. Rather they point towards antiferromagnetic correlations at very low temperatures. This is supported by muon spin relaxation measurements down to 0.1 K, which provide microscopic evidence for a broad distribution of internal magnetic fields. Comparison with isostructural CeRhSn suggests that these antiferromagnetic correlations emerging at TâªT_{K} result from geometrical frustration.

*J Phys Condens Matter ; 33(37)2021 Jul 19.*

##### RESUMO

It is interesting to explore the connections between the exchange bias effect (EBE) and magnetic anisotropy (MA). It is often found that materials exhibiting a strong EBE also have enhanced MA. Here we explore 40 nm diameter Co2C nanoparticles (NPs) that exhibit ferromagnetism with a blocking temperature exceeding 300 K. We report the first observation of EBE in these Co2C NPs below 50 K. The effect arises from the exchange coupling of frozen ferromagnetic spins with a freely rotatable spin component. The dynamics of the freely rotatable component freezes in a temperature range between 5 K to 20 K resulting in low-temperature coexistence of a glassy behavior along with ferromagnetism. In fact, Co2C displays a unique separation of onset temperatures of spin freezing (â¼20 K), vanishing of EBE (â¼50 K), and magnetic blocking (â©¾450 K). Our calculations show that Co2C NPs have a core-shell structure. Our study suggests that modifying chemical co-ordination in the shell is one of the effective routes to manipulating MA compared to manipulating EBE.

*J Phys Condens Matter ; 33(18)2021 Apr 23.*

##### RESUMO

We have investigated the magnetic properties of a polycrystalline sample of NdOs2Al10using neutron diffraction and inelastic neutron scattering, magnetic susceptibility and heat capacity measurements. The magnetic susceptibility data reveal an antiferromagnetic transition atTN1= 2.2 K while the heat capacity data which extend to lower temperatures show a further transition atTN2= 1.1 K. The INS measurements detect four well-resolved crystal field excitations at 7.4, 12.4, 17.6 meV and 19.2 meV at 5 K. The positions and intensities of the observed CEF excitations and the temperature dependence of previously published single crystal susceptibility data are analysed based on the orthorhombic CEF model of theJ= 9/2 ground state multiplet of Nd3+ion. The neutron diffraction study reveals the magnetic structure atT= 1.6 K to be of sine wave type (κ= [0, 0.723, 0]) with an ordered state moment ofµNd3+= 1.59(1)µBaligned along thea-axis in agreement with the single ion crystal field anisotropy. This indicates that the magnetism of NdOs2Al10is governed by the RKKY interactions in agreement with otherRT2Al10(R= Nd, Sm, Tb,T= Fe, Ru and Os), but different to that ofR= Ce based compounds where anisotropic two ions interaction as well as Kondo interaction govern the anomalous direction of the ordered state moment.

*J Phys Condens Matter ; 34(3)2021 Nov 02.*

##### RESUMO

In the present work, we demonstrate that C-doped Zr5Pt3is an electron-phonon superconductor (with critical temperatureTC= 3.8 K) with a nonsymmorphic topological Dirac nodal-line semimetal state, which we report here for the first time. The superconducting properties of Zr5Pt3C0.5have been investigated by means of magnetization, resistivity, specific heat, and muon spin rotation and relaxation (µSR) measurements. We find that at low temperatures, the depolarization rate is almost constant and it can be well described by a single-bands-wave model with a superconducting gap of 2Δ(0)/kBTC= 3.84, somewhat higher than the value of BCS theory. From the transverse field µSR analysis, we estimate the London penetration depthλL= 469 nm, superconducting carrier densityns= 1.83 × 1026 m-3, and effective massm* = 1.428me. The zero field µSR confirms the absence of any spontaneous magnetic field in the superconducting ground state. In order to gain additional insights into the electronic ground state of C-doped Zr5Pt3, we also performed first-principles calculations within the framework of density functional theory (DFT). The observed homogenous electronic character of the Fermi surface as well as the mutual decrease ofTCand density of states at the Fermi level are consistent with the experimental findings of this study. However, the band structure reveals the presence of robust, gapless fourfold-degenerate nodal lines protected by 63screw rotations and glide mirror planes. Therefore, Zr5Pt3represents a novel, unprecedented condensed matter system to investigate the intricate interplay between superconductivity and topology.

*J Phys Condens Matter ; 32(43): 435603, 2020 Aug 05.*

##### RESUMO

We report inelastic neutron scattering (INS) investigations on the bilayer Fe-based superconductor CsCa2Fe4As4F2 above and below its superconducting transition temperature T c ≈ 28.9 K to investigate the presence of a neutron spin resonance. This compound crystallises in a body-centred tetragonal lattice containing asymmetric double layers of Fe2As2 separated by insulating CaF2 layers and is known to be highly anisotropic. Our INS study clearly reveals the presence of a neutron spin resonance that exhibits higher intensity at lower momentum transfer (Q) at 5 K compared to 54 K, at an energy of 15 meV. The energy E R of the observed spin resonance is broadly consistent with the relationship E R = 4.9k B T c, but is slightly enhanced compared to the values observed in other Fe-based superconductors. We discuss the nature of the electron pairing symmetry by comparing the value of E R with that deduced from the total superconducting gap value integrated over the Fermi surface.

*J Phys Condens Matter ; 32(37): 374013, 2020 Apr 14.*

##### RESUMO

The compound La2-2x Sr1+2x Mn2O7, x = 0.30-0.40, consists of bilayers of ferromagnetic metallic MnO2 sheets that are separated by insulating layers. The materials show colossal magnetoresistance-a reduction in resistivity of up to two orders of magnitude in a field of 7 T-at their three-dimensional ordering temperatures, T C = 90-126 K, and are the layered analogues of the widely studied pseudo-cubic perovskite manganites, R1-x A x MnO3 (R = rare earth, A = Ca, Sr, Ba, Pb). Two distinct short-range orderings-antiferromagnetic fluctuations and correlated polarons, which are related to the magnetic and the lattice degrees of freedom respectively-have previously been discovered in La2-2x Sr1+2x Mn2O7, x = 0.40, and have each been qualitatively connected to the resistivity. Here, in a comprehensive study as a function of both temperature and magnetic field for the different hole-concentrations per Mn site of x = 0.30 and 0.35, we show that antiferromagnetic fluctuations also appear at temperatures just above T C, and that the intensities of both the antiferromagnetic fluctuations and polaron correlations closely track the resistivity. In particular, for x = 0.35 we show that there is a simple scaling relation between the intensities of the antiferromagnetic fluctuations and the in-plane resistivity that applies for the temperatures and magnetic fields used in the experiments. The results show that antiferromagnetic fluctuations are a common feature of La2-2x Sr1+2x Mn2O7 with ferromagnetic bilayers, and that there is a close connection between the antiferromagnetic fluctuations and polarons in these materials.

*J Phys Condens Matter ; 32(8): 085601, 2020 Feb 20.*

##### RESUMO

We have investigated the superconducting state of HfIrSi using magnetization, specific heat, muon spin rotation and relaxation ([Formula: see text]SR) measurements. Superconductivity was observed at [Formula: see text] K in both specific heat and magnetization measurements. From an analysis of the transverse-field [Formula: see text]SR data, it is clear that the temperature variation of superfluid density is well fitted by an isotropic Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer (BCS) type s-wave gap structure. The superconducting carrier density [Formula: see text] m-3, the magnetic penetration depth, [Formula: see text] nm, and the effective mass, [Formula: see text], were calculated from the TF-[Formula: see text]SR data. Zero-field [Formula: see text]SR data for HfIrSi reveal the absence of any spontaneous magnetic moments below [Formula: see text], indicating that time-reversal symmetry (TRS) is preserved in the superconducting state of HfIrSi. Theoretical investigations suggest that the Hf and Ir atoms hybridize strongly along the c-axis, and that this is responsible for the strong three-dimensionality of this system which screens the Coulomb interaction. As a result, despite the presence of d-electrons in HfIrSi, these correlation effects are weakened, making the electron-phonon coupling more important.

*J Phys Condens Matter ; 32(6): 065602, 2020 Feb 06.*

##### RESUMO

The superconducting properties of rhombohedral LaIr3 were examined using susceptibility, resistivity, heat capacity, and zero-field (ZF) and transverse-field (TF) muon spin relaxation and rotation ([Formula: see text]SR) measurements. The susceptibility and resistivity measurements confirm a superconducting transition below [Formula: see text] K. Two successive transitions are observed in the heat capacity data, one at [Formula: see text] K and a second at 1.2 K below [Formula: see text]. The heat capacity jump is [Formula: see text], which is lower than 1.43 expected for Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer (BCS) weak-coupling limit. TF-[Formula: see text]SR measurements reveal a fully gapped s-wave superconductivity with [Formula: see text], which is small compared to the BCS value of 3.56, suggesting weak-coupling superconductivity. The magnetic penetration depth, [Formula: see text], estimated from TF-[Formula: see text]SR gives [Formula: see text] nm, a superconducting carrier density [Formula: see text] carriers m-3 and a carrier effective-mass enhancement factor [Formula: see text]. ZF-[Formula: see text]SR data show no evidence for any spontaneous magnetic fields below [Formula: see text], which demonstrates that time-reversal symmetry is preserved in the superconducting state of LaIr3.

*Phys Rev Lett ; 122(14): 147001, 2019 Apr 12.*

##### RESUMO

The newly discovered noncentrosymmetric superconductor ThCoC_{2} exhibits numerous types of unconventional behavior in the field dependent heat capacity data. Here we present the first measurement of the gap symmetry of ThCoC_{2} by muon spin rotation and relaxation (µSR) measurements. The temperature dependence of the magnetic penetration depth measured using the transverse field µSR experiment reveals the evidence of a nodal pairing symmetry. To understand this finding, we carry out calculations of the superconducting pairing eigenvalue and eigenfunction (pairing symmetry) due to the spin-fluctuation mechanism by directly implementing the ab initio band structures. We find that the system possesses a single Fermi surface with considerable three dimensionality and a strong nesting along the k_{z} direction. Such nesting promotes a superconducting state with a cosk_{z}-like pairing symmetry with a prominent nodal line on the k_{z}=±π/2 plane. The result agrees well with the experimental data.

*J Phys Condens Matter ; 30(43): 435803, 2018 Oct 31.*

##### RESUMO

The magnetic structure of the ternary equiatomic intermetallic compound PrCuSi is investigated using neutron powder diffraction experiments in 0 T as well as in external magnetic fields up to 2 T. The PrCuSi compound crystallizes in the hexagonal Ni2In-type structure, in the space group P63/mmc. In this structure, cationic ordering of Cu and Si takes place. The antiferromagnetic phase transition in the Pr sublattice takes place at [Formula: see text] K in 0 T. Under an external magnetic field of 2 T, a field-induced ferromagnetic phase is observed. Magnetoelastic coupling is evidenced by an increase in the unit cell volume. Clear signatures of a mixed antiferromagnetic and ferromagnetic phase in weak, intermediate fields, 0.4-0.8 T, are obtained from the present study. Using the present set of experimental data, we construct the H - T phase diagram of PrCuSi.

*Phys Rev Lett ; 121(6): 067002, 2018 Aug 10.*

##### RESUMO

Understanding magnetic interactions in the parent compounds of high-temperature superconductors forms the basis for determining their role for the mechanism of superconductivity. For parent compounds of iron pnictide superconductors such as AFe_{2}As_{2} (A=Ba, Ca, Sr), although spin excitations have been mapped out throughout the entire Brillouin zone, the respective measurements were carried out on twinned samples and did not allow for a conclusive determination of the spin dynamics. Here we use inelastic neutron scattering to completely map out spin excitations of â¼100% detwinned BaFe_{2}As_{2}. By comparing observed spectra with theoretical calculations, we conclude that the spin excitations can be well described by an itinerant model when taking into account moderate electronic correlation effects.

*J Phys Condens Matter ; 30(14): 145601, 2018 Apr 11.*

##### RESUMO

Signatures of absence of a long-range ordered magnetic ground state down to 0.36 K are observed in magnetic susceptibility, specific heat, thermal/electrical transport and inelastic neutron scattering data of the quasi-skutterudite compound Pr3Rh4Sn13 which crystallizes in the Yb3Rh4Sn13-type structure with a cage-like network of Sn atoms. In this structure, Pr3+ occupies a lattice site with D 2d point symmetry having a ninefold degeneracy corresponding to J = 4. The magnetic susceptibility of Pr3Rh4Sn13 shows only a weak temperature dependence below 10 K; otherwise remaining paramagnetic-like in the range, 10 K-300 K. From the inelastic neutron scattering intensity of Pr3Rh4Sn13 recorded at different temperatures, we identify excitations at 4.5(7) K, 5.42(6) K, 10.77(5) K, 27.27(5) K, 192.28(4) K and 308.33(3) K through a careful peak analysis. However, no signatures of long-range magnetic order are observed in the neutron data down to 1.5 K, which is also confirmed by the specific heat data down to 0.36 K. A broad Schottky-like peak is recovered for the magnetic part of the specific heat, C 4f, which suggests the role of crystal electric fields of Pr3+ . A crystalline electric field model consisting of 7 levels was applied to C 4f which leads to the estimation of energy levels at 4.48(2) K, 6.94(4) K, 11.23(8) K, 27.01(5) K, 193.12(6) K and 367.30(2) K. The CEF energy levels estimated from the heat capacity analysis are in close agreement with the excitation energies seen in the neutron data. The Sommerfeld coefficient estimated from the analysis of magnetic specific heat is [Formula: see text] mJ K-2 mol-Pr which suggests the formation of heavy itinerant quasi-particles in Pr3Rh4Sn13. Combining inelastic neutron scattering results, analysis of the specific heat data down to 0.36 K, magnetic susceptibility and, electrical and thermal transport, we establish the absence of long-range ordered magnetic ground state in Pr3Rh4Sn13.

*J Phys Condens Matter ; 29(34): 345801, 2017 Aug 31.*

##### RESUMO

The intermetallic compound PrFe2Al8 that possesses a three-dimensional network structure of Al polyhedra centered at the transition metal element Fe and the rare earth Pr is investigated through neutron powder diffraction and inelastic neutron scattering in order to elucidate the magnetic ground state of Pr and Fe and the crystal field effects of Pr. Our neutron diffraction study confirms long-range magnetic order of Pr below [Formula: see text] K in this compound. Subsequent magnetic structure estimation reveals a magnetic propagation vector [Formula: see text] with a magnetic moment value of [Formula: see text]/Pr along the orthorhombic c-axis and evidence the lack of ordering in the Fe sublattice. The inelastic neutron scattering study reveals one crystalline electric field excitation near 19 meV at 5 K in PrFe2Al8. The energy-integrated intensity of the 19 meV excitation as a function of [Formula: see text] follows the square of the magnetic form factor of [Formula: see text] thereby confirming that the inelastic excitation belongs to the Pr sublattice. The second sum rule applied to the dynamic structure factor indicates only 1.6(2) [Formula: see text] evolving at the 19 meV peak compared to the 3.58 [Formula: see text] for free [Formula: see text], indicating that the crystal field ground state is magnetic and the missing moment is associated with the resolution limited quasi-elastic line. The magnetic order occurring in Pr in PrFe2Al8 is counter-intuitive to the symmetry-allowed crystal field level scheme, hence, is suggestive of exchange-mediated mechanisms of ordering stemming from the magnetic ground state of the crystal field levels.

*J Phys Condens Matter ; 29(26): 265602, 2017 Jul 05.*

##### RESUMO

The influence of electron doping on semimetallic SrFBiS2 has been investigated by means of resistivity, zero and transverse - field (ZF/TF) muon spin relaxation/rotation (µSR) experiments. SrFBiS2 is semimetallic in its normal state and small amounts of La doping results in bulk superconductivity at 2.8 K, at ambient pressure. The temperature dependence of the superfluid density as determined by TF-µSR can be best modelled by an isotropic s - wave type superconducting gap. We have estimated the magnetic penetration depth [Formula: see text] nm, superconducting carrier density [Formula: see text] carriers m-3 and effective-mass enhancement m * = 1.558 m e. Additionally, there is no clear sign of the occurrence of spontaneous internal magnetic fields below [Formula: see text], which implies that the superconducting state in this material can not be categorized by the broken time-reversal symmetry which is in agreement with the previous theoretical prediction.

*Phys Rev Lett ; 118(9): 097002, 2017 Mar 03.*

##### RESUMO

We present angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy measurements of the quasi-one-dimensional superconductor K_{2}Cr_{3}As_{3}. We find that the Fermi surface contains two Fermi surface sheets, with linearly dispersing bands not displaying any significant band renormalizations. The one-dimensional band dispersions display a suppression of spectral intensity approaching the Fermi level according to a linear power law, over an energy range of â¼200 meV. This is interpreted as a signature of Tomonoga-Luttinger liquid physics, which provides a new perspective on the possibly unconventional superconductivity in this family of compounds.

*J Phys Condens Matter ; 29(13): 135601, 2017 Apr 05.*

##### RESUMO

The physical properties of an intermetallic compound CeRh2Ga2 have been investigated by magnetic susceptibility [Formula: see text], isothermal magnetization M(H), heat capacity [Formula: see text], electrical resistivity [Formula: see text], thermal conductivity [Formula: see text] and thermopower S(T) measurements. CeRh2Ga2 is found to crystallize with CaBe2Ge2-type primitive tetragonal structure (space group P4/nmm). No evidence of long range magnetic order is seen down to 1.8 K. The [Formula: see text] data show paramagnetic behavior with an effective moment [Formula: see text]/Ce indicating Ce3+ valence state of Ce ions. The [Formula: see text] data exhibit Kondo lattice behavior with a metallic ground state. The low-T [Formula: see text] data yield an enhanced Sommerfeld coefficient [Formula: see text] mJ/mol K2 characterizing CeRh2Ga2 as a moderate heavy fermion system. The high-T [Formula: see text] and [Formula: see text] show an anomaly near 255 K, reflecting a phase transition. The [Formula: see text] suggests phonon dominated thermal transport with considerably higher values of Lorenz number L(T) compared to the theoretical Sommerfeld value L 0.

*Nat Commun ; 7: 12182, 2016 07 19.*

##### RESUMO

Elucidating the nature of the magnetism of a high-temperature superconductor is crucial for establishing its pairing mechanism. The parent compounds of the cuprate and iron-pnictide superconductors exhibit Néel and stripe magnetic order, respectively. However, FeSe, the structurally simplest iron-based superconductor, shows nematic order (Ts=90 K), but not magnetic order in the parent phase, and its magnetic ground state is intensely debated. Here we report inelastic neutron-scattering experiments that reveal both stripe and Néel spin fluctuations over a wide energy range at 110 K. On entering the nematic phase, a substantial amount of spectral weight is transferred from the Néel to the stripe spin fluctuations. Moreover, the total fluctuating magnetic moment of FeSe is â¼60% larger than that in the iron pnictide BaFe2As2. Our results suggest that FeSe is a novel S=1 nematic quantum-disordered paramagnet interpolating between the Néel and stripe magnetic instabilities.

*Sci Rep ; 6: 25238, 2016 05 04.*

##### RESUMO

When an electronic system has strong correlations and a large spin-orbit interaction, it often exhibits a plethora of mutually competing quantum phases. How a particular quantum ground state is selected out of several possibilities is a very interesting question. However, equally fascinating is how such a quantum entangled state breaks up due to perturbation. This important question has relevance in very diverse fields of science from strongly correlated electron physics to quantum information. Here we report that a quantum entangled dimerized state or valence bond crystal (VBC) phase of Li2RuO3 shows nontrivial doping dependence as we perturb the Ru honeycomb lattice by replacing Ru with Li. Through extensive experimental studies, we demonstrate that the VBC phase melts into a valence bond liquid phase of the RVB (resonating valence bond) type. This system offers an interesting playground where one can test and refine our current understanding of the quantum competing phases in a single compound.

*J Phys Condens Matter ; 27(1): 016004, 2015 Jan 14.*

##### RESUMO

A Muon spin relaxation (µSR) study has been performed on the Kondo lattice heavy fermion itinerant ferromagnet CeCrGe3. Recent investigations of bulk properties have revealed a long-range ordering of Cr moments at Tc = 70 K in this compound. Our µSR investigation between 1.2 K and 125 K confirm the bulk magnetic order which is marked by a loss in initial asymmetry below 70 K accompanied with a sharp increase in the muon depolarization rate. Field dependent µSR spectra show that the internal field at the muon site is higher than 0.25 T apparently due to the ferromagnetic nature of ordering. The effect of Ti substitution on the magnetism in CeCrGe3 is presented. A systematic study has been made on polycrystalline CeCr(1-x)Ti(x)Ge3 (0 â©½ x â©½ 1) using magnetic susceptibility χ(T), isothermal magnetization M(H), specific heat C(T) and electrical resistivity ρ(T) measurements which clearly reveal that the substitution of Ti for Cr in CeCrGe3 strongly influences the exchange interaction and ferromagnetic ordering of Cr moments. The Cr moment ordering temperature is suppressed gradually with increasing Ti concentration up to x = 0.50 showing Tc = 7 K beyond which Ce moment ordering starts to dominate and a crossover between Cr and Ce moment ordering is observed with a Ce moment ordering Tc = 14 K for x = 1.0. The Kondo lattice behavior is evident from temperature dependence of ρ(T) in all CeCr(1-x)Ti(x)Ge3 samples.

*Phys Rev Lett ; 113(14): 147206, 2014 Oct 03.*

##### RESUMO

We report a neutron scattering study of the magnetic order and dynamics of the bilayer perovskite Sr(3)Fe(2)O(7), which exhibits a temperature-driven metal-insulator transition at 340 K. We show that the Fe(4+) moments adopt incommensurate spiral order below T(N) = 115 K and provide a comprehensive description of the corresponding spin-wave excitations. The observed magnetic order and excitation spectra can be well understood in terms of an effective spin Hamiltonian with interactions ranging up to third-nearest-neighbor pairs. The results indicate that the helical magnetism in Sr(3)Fe(2)O(7) results from competition between ferromagnetic double-exchange and antiferromagnetic superexchange interactions whose strengths become comparable near the metal-insulator transition. They thus confirm a decades-old theoretical prediction and provide a firm experimental basis for models of magnetic correlations in strongly correlated metals.