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1.
West Afr J Med ; 36(1): 80-82, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30924121

RESUMO

Pancreatic pseudocyst (PPC) complicating blunt and penetrating abdominal injury is well documented in paediatric age groups. In adults, PPC is often one of the sequelae of acute pancreatitis rather than trauma. Blunt abdominal trauma accounts for most documented cases of post-traumatic PPC. To the best of our knowledge, PPC following penetrating abdominal gunshot injury is a rare event. Laparoscopic drainage of PPC is fast gaining acceptance as the procedure of choice amongst experts as it offers many advantages and benefits of minimal access surgery to the patient. We report our experience and challenges with our first case of laparoscopic cystogastrostomy for a large post-traumatic PPC in a 24-yearold man who was diagnosed 8 months after laparotomy for a penetrating thoraco-abdominal gunshot wound. We also conduct a review of the literature on laparoscopic management of Pancreatic pseudocyst.


Assuntos
Drenagem/métodos , Gastrostomia/métodos , Laparoscopia , Pseudocisto Pancreático/cirurgia , Ferimentos por Arma de Fogo , Humanos , Masculino , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
2.
Case Rep Surg ; 2017: 6962876, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28740743

RESUMO

Small bowel obstruction secondary to phytobezoars is an unusual presentation in surgery. We present a case of an elderly female patient with an insidious onset of abdominal pain, abdominal distension, and bilious vomiting diagnosed radiologically to be small bowel obstruction. Exploratory laparotomy revealed a trapped mass of vegetable matter in the distal ileum. She had enterotomy with primary closure for removal of obstructing ileal phytobezoars. Her postoperative recovery was uneventful.

4.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 17(6): 802-7, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25385923

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the most common malignancy among females in Nigeria. The concept of breast screening (BS) is that it would result in presentation at earlier stages. We evaluated the impact of BS on early detection and presentation of breast cancer and determined the aspects BS need improvement. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All patients with a diagnosis of malignant breast lump attending clinics at a tertiary hospital in Nigeria were recruited into the study over a 2-year period. Self-administered questionnaires were given to patients. Data collected were demographics, knowledge about BS, practice of BS, the motivation to practice BS and the source of information on BS. RESULTS: Of 218 patients seen, 147 (67.4%) patients presented at the surgical outpatient clinic and 71 (32.6%) at the radiotherapy clinic, with age 48.01 ± 0.80 years. A total of 156 (71.6%) were aware of BS, while 62 (28.4%) were not aware. A logistic regression analysis showed that only the level of formal education predicted awareness of BS, P = 0.001 Nagelkerke's R2 = 0.126. Awareness of BS was mainly from electronic media 87 (55.7%). There was no significant difference in the ages of those aware and practicing BS 48.03 ± 1.05 years, and those not practicing BS 46.32 ± 1.94 years, P = 0.446. There was no significant difference in presentation for those practicing BS 7.41 ± 1.30 months, and those not practicing BS 11.38 ± 2.91 months, P = 0.175, with 64% practicing BS presenting late, while 77% not practicing BS presenting late, χ2 = 2.432, P = 0.488. A logistic regression analysis did not show any demographic or clinical parameters as predictive P = 0.225 Nagelkerke's R2 = 0.126. CONCLUSION: The high level of awareness and practice of BS was not translated into the presentation with early breast cancer.


Assuntos
Instituições de Assistência Ambulatorial/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/estatística & dados numéricos , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Mamografia/estatística & dados numéricos , Programas de Rastreamento/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Conscientização , Neoplasias da Mama/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde/etnologia , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nigéria , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Centros de Atenção Terciária , Adulto Jovem
5.
Nig Q J Hosp Med ; 20(1): 32-7, 2010.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20450029

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Genitourinary injuries (GUI) are relatively uncommon. Even though mortality from isolated injuries is rare, they are commonly associated with significant and life long morbidity. OBJECTIVE: This study is to assess the pattern of the injuries and the overall short term treatment outcome in our environment. METHODS: Fifty consecutive patients diagnosed with genitourinary injuries seen by the Urology Unit through the Accident and Emergency, emergency referrals (or consultations) from the ward or theatre between June 2004 to February 2006 were included in the study. Information collected included demographic data, pattern of presentation, aetiology of injury, type of injury the type of treatment and the immediate outcome. RESULTS: There was a total of 61 injuries in 50 patients. Road traffic accidents was the commonest cause of GUI (58%) followed by straddle injuries (18%) and iatrogenic causes (12%) and miscellaneous (12%). The male- female ratio was 6:1. The urethral was also the most commonly injured organ (60.6%), followed by the kidney (11.5%). The testes were the least injured organs (1.6%). The blunt renal injuries and extraperitoneal bladder injuries were managed by non operative means while most other injuries were managed by surgical intervention. Immediate treatment outcome was satisfactory in most patients. There was one mortality. CONCLUSION: Most cases of GUI are preventable. Improved safety on the roads,'proper training of surgeons and attention to clinical and surgical details will go a long way in preventing GUI. Early intervention significantly reduces the morbidity and mortality.


Assuntos
Sistema Urogenital/lesões , Adolescente , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nigéria/epidemiologia , Distribuição por Sexo , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
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