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Clin EEG Neurosci ; 38(1): 57-60, 2007 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17319593


We describe the case of an octogenarian woman who experienced a severe alteration of mental state due to non-convulsive status epilepticus (NCSE) complicating an intraventricular hemorrhage. Our report emphasizes that NCSE may be the cause of unexplained neurological deterioration in elderly patients with acute brain injury.

Eletroencefalografia/métodos , Epilepsia Generalizada/complicações , Epilepsia Generalizada/diagnóstico , Hemorragias Intracranianas/complicações , Hemorragias Intracranianas/diagnóstico , Estupor/diagnóstico , Estupor/etiologia , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Humanos
Clin EEG Neurosci ; 37(3): 243-6, 2006 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16929712


Somatosensory evoked potentials elicited by trigeminal nerve stimulation (TSEPs) allow the study of the trigeminal system, its peripheral to its central portion. As a routine clinical testing procedure, however, this method has not yet received greater attention and still has to wait to become a part of the diagnostic workup in multiple sclerosis (MS). A patient diagnosed as MS was presented with selective involvement of the left trigeminal nerve. Neurophysiologically, the most prominent and persistent abnormalities were found in the TSEPs. The presumed diagnosis of MS was subsequently confirmed by MRI showing evidence of demyelinating disease. There has been a scarcity of references on TSEP. Our study emphasizes its usefulness and a plea is being made for the inclusion of TSEP in protocols for the diagnostic workup in patients with MS.

Eletroencefalografia/métodos , Potenciais Somatossensoriais Evocados , Esclerose Múltipla/diagnóstico , Doenças do Nervo Trigêmeo/diagnóstico , Nervo Trigêmeo/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Humanos , Masculino , Esclerose Múltipla/complicações , Esclerose Múltipla/fisiopatologia , Doenças do Nervo Trigêmeo/etiologia , Doenças do Nervo Trigêmeo/fisiopatologia