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1.
Contemp Clin Trials ; 59: 38-43, 2017 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28533194

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: There is initial evidence that the use of volatile anesthetics can reduce the postoperative release of cardiac troponin I, the need for inotropic support, and the number of patients requiring prolonged hospitalization following coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. Nevertheless, small randomized controlled trials have failed to demonstrate a survival advantage. Thus, whether volatile anesthetics improve the postoperative outcome of cardiac surgical patients remains uncertain. An adequately powered randomized controlled trial appears desirable. DESIGN: Single blinded, international, multicenter randomized controlled trial with 1:1 allocation ratio. SETTING: Tertiary and University hospitals. INTERVENTIONS: Patients (n=10,600) undergoing coronary artery bypass graft will be randomized to receive either volatile anesthetic as part of the anesthetic plan, or total intravenous anesthesia. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: The primary end point of the study will be one-year mortality (any cause). Secondary endpoints will be 30-day mortality; 30-day death or non-fatal myocardial infarction (composite endpoint); cardiac mortality at 30day and at one year; incidence of hospital re-admission during the one year follow-up period and duration of intensive care unit, and hospital stay. The sample size is based on the hypothesis that volatile anesthetics will reduce 1-year unadjusted mortality from 3% to 2%, using a two-sided alpha error of 0.05, and a power of 0.9. CONCLUSIONS: The trial will determine whether the simple intervention of adding a volatile anesthetic, an intervention that can be implemented by all anesthesiologists, can improve one-year survival in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery.


Assuntos
Anestesia em Procedimentos Cardíacos , Anestésicos Inalatórios , Ponte de Artéria Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Adulto , Anestesia em Procedimentos Cardíacos/efeitos adversos , Anestesia em Procedimentos Cardíacos/métodos , Anestésicos Inalatórios/administração & dosagem , Anestésicos Inalatórios/química , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/efeitos adversos , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/métodos , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/mortalidade , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Avaliação de Processos e Resultados (Cuidados de Saúde) , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Análise de Sobrevida , Volatilização
2.
Contemp Clin Trials ; 59: 38-43, 2017. tab
Artigo em Inglês | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: ses-37191

RESUMO

Objective: There is initial evidence that the use of volatile anesthetics can reduce the postoperative release of cardiac troponin I, the need for inotropic support, and the number of patients requiring prolonged hospitalization following coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. Nevertheless,small Randomized Controlled Trials have failed to demonstrate a survival advantage. Thus, whethervolatile anesthetics improve the postoperative outcome of cardiac surgical patients remains uncertain. An adequately powered randomized controlled trial appears desirable.Design: Single blinded, international, multicenter randomized controlled trial with 1:1 allocation ratio.Setting: Tertiary and University hospitals. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Anestesia , Mortalidade , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos
3.
Reg Anesth Pain Med ; 41(6): 788-789, 2016 Nov/Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27776099
5.
Reg Anesth Pain Med ; 41(5): 660, 2016 Sep-Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27547911
6.
J Clin Monit Comput ; 20(1): 1-10, 2006 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16523228

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To theoretically assess the viability of an automatic procedure to support the anesthesiologist in properly setting mechanical ventilators when the operating conditions are switched from volume controlled to pressure controlled ventilation whilst maintaining the preset tidal volume. The procedure is based on a simple linear model of the ventilator breathing system with constant parameters and utilizes the signals gathered by the ventilator without the need to add further equipment. After a short period of stable volume controlled ventilation with the desired tidal volume, the herewith described algorithm allows the calculation of the value of pressure limit to set in pressure controlled mode which assures the previously settled tidal volume with the same breathing frequency and inspiratory-expiratory time ratio. METHODS: The algorithm allows the online identification of the four parameters necessary for the mathematical model that are obtained by means of a direct comparison between the pressure, flow and volume waveforms generated by the model and the analog signals provided by the ventilator. The theoretical approach was validated by two different ventilators, various settings, two breathing circuits, endotracheal tubes of various sizes and two mechanical simulators of the respiratory system operating in various conditions. RESULTS: Errors usually less than 5% (p < 0.05) on the target tidal volume were obtained for various settings typically used for adult ventilation in less than 10 s. The theoretical approach shows its limitations (errors of 10+/- 5%, p < 0.05) at high breathing frequencies (30-40 bpm) and low tidal volumes (200-300 ml). CONCLUSIONS: The proposed theoretical approach shows the viability, for adult settings, of one of the simplest mathematical model for mechanical ventilation in order to quickly and safely switch from volume controlled to pressure controlled ventilation. The algorithm could easily be in perspective implemented in the software of the ventilator providing the anesthesiologist with an indication on the value of pressure limit to set in order to safely switch ventilation mode.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Modelos Lineares , Respiração Artificial/métodos , Volume de Ventilação Pulmonar/fisiologia , Anestesia por Inalação/métodos , Humanos , Respiração com Pressão Positiva , Ventilação Pulmonar/fisiologia , Mecânica Respiratória/fisiologia , Software
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