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1.
Amino Acids ; 2019 Aug 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31468208

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of BCAA supplementation on muscle recovery from resistance exercise (RE) in untrained young adults. Twenty-four young adults (24.0 ± 4.3 years old) were assigned to 1 of 2 groups (n = 12 per group): a placebo-supplement group or a BCAA-supplement group. The groups were supplemented for a period of 5 days. On day 1 and 3, both groups underwent a RE session involving two lower body exercises (hack squat and leg press) and then were evaluated for muscle recovery on the 3 subsequent moments after the RE session [30 min (day 3), 24 h (day 4), and 48 h (day 5)]. The following indicators of muscle recovery were assessed: number of repetitions, rating of perceived exertion in the last RE session, muscle soreness and countermovement jump (CMJ) during recovery period (30 min, 24 h, and 48 h after RE session). Number of repetitions remained unchanged over time (time, P > 0.05), while the rating of perceived exertion increased (time, P < 0.05) over 3 sets, with no difference between groups (group × time, P > 0.05). Muscle soreness increased (time, P < 0.05) and jumping weight decreased (time, P < 0.05) at 30 min post-exercise and then progressively returned to baseline at 24 and 48 h post-exercise, with no difference between groups (group × time, P > 0.05). The results indicate that BCAA supplementation does not improve muscle recovery from RE in untrained young adults.

2.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 25(4): 333-337, July-Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1013661

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Introduction: L-Arginine supplementation increases plasma levels of nitric oxide (NO) metabolites, an important mediator of peripheral dilatation. Therefore, L-Arginine supplementation can improve the duration and magnitude of post-exercise hypotension. Objectives: This study investigated the effects of L-Arginine supplementation on post-exercise hypotension, femoral artery area and heart rate variability in elderly women. Methods: Twenty prehypertensive and hypertensive adult female participants were divided (in a random and balanced manner) into two groups (placebo and L-arginine). The participants ingested eight grams of inert substance (placebo group) or eight grams of L-Arginine (L-arginine group), dissolved in water, 90 min prior to the experimental session. The experimental session consisted of an isokinetic maximal strength test. Blood pressure was measured using an oscillometric device (Omron MX3 Plus, Bannockburn, US) every 10 minutes for 60 minutes after the experimental session. Femoral artery area (ultrasound) and heart rate variability were also analyzed. Data underwent repeated measures (ANOVA) analysis and respective assumptions. Results: L-Arginine supplementation associated with exercise produced a significant decrease in systolic blood pressure [placebo vs L-Arginine] (p <0.05) at the "half-life" time point (90 minutes after supplementation) (141±12 vs 130±11 mmHg) and 40 min. (146±13 vs 127±13 mmHg), 50 min. (145±20 vs 127±15 mmHg) and 60 min. (147±19 vs 129±14mmHg) post-exercise. No significant differences were identified in femoral artery area and heart rate variability. Conclusion: Acute L-Arginine supplementation can increase post-exercise hypotension effects in elderly women. Additionally, acute L-Arginine supplementation is not related to either femoral artery area or heart rate variability responses. Level of evidence I; Randomized clinical trial.


RESUMO Introdução: A suplementação de L-arginina aumenta os níveis plasmáticos dos metabólitos de óxido nítrico, um importante mediador da dilatação periférica. Dessa forma, é possível que a suplementação de L-arginina maximize a duração e a magnitude dos efeitos hipotensores pós-exercício. Objetivos: O presente estudo investigou os efeitos da suplementação de L-arginina na hipotensão pós-exercício, área da artéria femoral e variabilidade da frequência cardíaca em mulheres idosas. Métodos: Vinte participantes, adultas, pré-hipertensas e hipertensas foram divididas (de modo aleatório e equilibrado)em dois grupos (placebo e L-arginina). As participantes ingeriram oito gramas de substância inerte (grupo placebo) ou oito gramas de L-arginina (grupo L-arginina), dissolvido em água, 90 min antes da realização da sessão experimental. A sessão experimental consistia em um teste de força isocinética máxima. A pressão arterial foi aferida utilizando um dispositivo oscilométrico (Omron MX3 Plus, Bannockburn, EUA) a cada 10 minutos, durante 60 minutos, após o término da sessão experimental. Foram analisadas ainda a variabilidade da frequência cardíaca e a área da artéria femoral (ultrassom). Os dados foram submetidos à análise de variância para medidas repetidas (ANOVA) e seus respectivos pressupostos. Resultados: A suplementação de L-arginina associada ao exercício promoveu redução significativa da pressão arterial sistólica [placebo vs. L-arginina] (p<0,05) no intervalo de "meia-vida" (90 minutos após a suplementação) (141±12 vs. 130±11 mmHg) e aos 40 min. (146±13 vs. 127±13 mmHg), 50 min. (145±20 vs. 127±15 mmHg) e 60 min. (147±19 vs. 129±14 mmHg) pós-exercício. Não foram identificadas diferenças significativas na área da artéria femoral e na variabilidade da frequência cardíaca. Conclusão: A suplementação aguda de L-arginina pode potencializar os efeitos hipotensores pós-exercício em mulheres idosas. Além disso, a suplementação de L-arginina aguda não está associada às respostas de variabilidade da frequência cardíaca ou da área da artéria femoral. Nível de evidência I; Ensaio clínico randomizado.


RESUMEN Introducción: La suplementación de L-arginina aumenta los niveles plasmáticos de los metabolitos de óxido nítrico, un importante mediador de la dilatación periférica. De esa forma, es posible que la suplementación de L-arginina maximice la duración y la magnitud de los efectos hipotensores post ejercicio. Objetivos: El presente estudio investigó los efectos de la suplementación de L-arginina en la hipotensión post ejercicio, área de la arteria femoral y variabilidad de la frecuencia cardíaca en mujeres de la tercera edad. Métodos: Veinte participantes, adultas, pre hipertensas e hipertensas fueron divididas (de modo aleatorio y equilibrado) en dos grupos (placebo y L-arginina). Las participantes ingirieron ocho gramos de sustancia inerte (grupo placebo) u ocho gramos de L-arginina (grupo L-arginina), disuelta en agua, 90 minutos antes de la realización de la sesión experimental. La sesión experimental consistía en un test de fuerza isocinética máxima. La presión arterial fue medida utilizando un dispositivo oscilométrico (Omron MX3 Plus, Bannockburn, EE.UU.) a cada 10 minutos, durante 60 minutos, después del término de la sesión experimental. Fueron analizadas además la variabilidad de la frecuencia cardíaca y el área de la arteria femoral (ultrasonido). Los datos fueron sometidos a análisis de variancia para medidas repetidas (ANOVA) y sus respectivas premisas. Resultados: La suplementación de L-arginina asociada al ejercicio promovió reducción significativa de la presión arterial sistólica [placebo vs. L-arginina] (p<0,05) en el intervalo de "media vida" (90 minutos después de la suplementación) (141±12 vs. 130±11 mmHg) y a los 40 min. (146±13 vs. 127±13 mmHg), 50 min. (145±20 vs. 127±15 mmHg) y 60 min. (147±19 vs. 129±14 mmHg) post ejercicio. No fueron identificadas diferencias significativas en el área de la arteria femoral ni en la variabilidad de la frecuencia cardíaca. Conclusión: La suplementación aguda de L-arginina puede potencializar los efectos hipotensores post ejercicio en mujeres de la tercera edad. Además, la suplementación de L-arginina aguda no está asociada a las respuestas de variabilidad de la frecuencia cardíaca o del área de la arteria femoral. Nivel de evidencia I; Ensayo clínico aleatorizado.

3.
Amino Acids ; 51(4): 589-597, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30627787

RESUMO

ß-Alanine supplementation has been shown to increase muscle carnosine levels and exercise performance. However, its effects on muscle recovery from resistance exercise (RE) remains unknown. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of ß-alanine supplementation on muscle function during recovery from a single session of high-intensity RE. Twenty-four untrained young adults (22.1 ± 4.6 years old) were assigned to one of two groups (N = 12 per group): a placebo-supplement group (4.8 g/day) or an ß-alanine-supplement group (4.8 g/day). The groups completed a single session of high-intensity RE after 28 days of supplementation and were then evaluated for muscle function on the three subsequent days (at 24, 48, and 72 h postexercise) to assess the time course of muscle recovery. The following indicators of muscle recovery were assessed: number of repetitions until failure, rating of perceived exertion, muscle soreness, and blood levels of creatine kinase (CK). Number of repetitions until failure increased from 24 to 48 h and 72 h of recovery (time P < 0.01), with no difference between groups. There was a significant increase in the rating of perceived exertion among the sets during the RE session (time P < 0.01), with no difference between the groups. No difference was observed over time and between groups in rating of perceived exertion in the functional tests during recovery period. Blood CK levels and muscle soreness increased at 24 h postexercise and then progressively declined at 48 and 72 h postexercise, respectively (time P < 0.05), with no difference between groups. In conclusion, our data indicate that ß-alanine supplementation does not improve muscle recovery following a high-intensity RE session in untrained young adults.


Assuntos
Suplementos Nutricionais , Exercício , Músculo Esquelético/fisiologia , Mialgia/fisiopatologia , Treinamento de Resistência , beta-Alanina/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Método Duplo-Cego , Humanos , Masculino , Músculo Esquelético/efeitos dos fármacos , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Adulto Jovem
4.
Appl Physiol Nutr Metab ; 43(9): 928-936, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29544063

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of l-arginine supplementation on muscle recovery after a single session of high-intensity resistance exercise (RE). Twenty healthy young adult participants (22.8 ± 3.4 years old) were assigned to 1 of 2 groups (N = 10 per group): a placebo-supplement group or an l-arginine-supplement group. The groups completed a session of high-intensity RE (0 h) and 3 subsequent fatigue test sessions (at 24, 48, and 72 h postexercise) to assess the time course of muscle recovery. During the test sessions, we assessed the following dependent variables: number of maximum repetitions, electromyographic signal (i.e., root mean square (RMS) and median frequency (MF) slope), muscle soreness, perceived exertion, blood levels of creatine kinase (CK) and lactate, and testosterone:cortisol ratio. Number of maximum repetitions increased at 48 and 72 h postexercise in both groups (time, P < 0.05). CK levels and muscle soreness increased at 24 h postexercise and then progressively returned to baseline at 72 h post exercise in both groups (time, P < 0.05). Lactate levels increased immediately postexercise but were reduced at 24 h postexercise in both groups (time, P < 0.05). Testosterone:cortisol ratio, RMS, and MF slope remained unchanged during the recovery period in both groups (time, P > 0.05). No significant (P > 0.05) group × time interaction was found for all dependent variables during the recovery period. In conclusion, our data indicate that l-arginine supplementation does not improve muscle recovery following a high-intensity RE session in young adults.


Assuntos
Arginina/administração & dosagem , Suplementos Nutricionais , Músculo Esquelético/fisiologia , Treinamento de Resistência , Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição Esportiva , Adulto , Creatina Quinase/sangue , Método Duplo-Cego , Eletromiografia , Feminino , Humanos , Hidrocortisona/sangue , Ácido Láctico/sangue , Masculino , Fadiga Muscular/fisiologia , Músculo Esquelético/efeitos dos fármacos , Mialgia , Testosterona/sangue , Adulto Jovem
5.
Lasers Med Sci ; 33(4): 843-850, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29333581

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to determine the effects of gallium arsenide (GaAs) laser on IGF-I, MyoD, MAFbx, and TNF-α gene expression during the intermediate phase of muscle regeneration after cryoinjury 21 Wistar rats were divided into three groups (n = 7 per group): untreated with no injury (control group), cryoinjury without GaAs (injured group), and cryoinjury with GaAs (GaAs-injured group). The cryoinjury was induced in the central region of the tibialis anterior muscle (TA). The region injured was irradiated once a day during 14 days using GaAs laser (904 nm; spot size 0.035 cm2, output power 50 mW; energy density 69 J cm-2; exposure time 4 s per point; final energy 4.8 J). Twenty-four hours after the last application, the right and left TA muscles were collected for histological (collagen content) and molecular (gene expression of IGF-I, MyoD, MAFbx, and TNF-α) analyses, respectively. Data were analyzed using one-way ANOVA at P < 0.05. There were no significant (P > 0.05) differences in collagen density and IGF-I gene expression in all experimental groups. There were similar (P < 0.05) decreases in MAFbx and TNF-α gene expression in the injured and GaAs-injured groups, compared to control group. The MyoD gene expression increased (P = 0.008) in the GaAs-injured group, but not in the injured group (P = 0.338), compared to control group. GaAs laser therapy had a positive effect on MyoD gene expression, but not IGF-I, MAFbx, and TNF-α, during intermediary phases (14 days post-injury) of muscle repair.


Assuntos
Traumatismos em Atletas/radioterapia , Lasers Semicondutores/uso terapêutico , Terapia com Luz de Baixa Intensidade , Músculo Esquelético/lesões , Proteína MyoD/genética , Animais , Temperatura Baixa , Colágeno/genética , Colágeno/metabolismo , Expressão Gênica/efeitos da radiação , Fator de Crescimento Insulin-Like I/genética , Fator de Crescimento Insulin-Like I/metabolismo , Masculino , Músculo Esquelético/metabolismo , Músculo Esquelético/efeitos da radiação , Proteína MyoD/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
6.
J Sport Rehabil ; 27(4): 340-347, 2018 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28513268

RESUMO

CONTEXT: Strength/resistance training volume has historically been supported in the American College of Sports Medicine recommendations. However, for the back muscles, exercise prescription related to the number of sets, such as single versus multiple, is not well established in the literature. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of 2 training volumes on strength and endurance of back-extensor muscles in untrained young participants with regard to a repeated-measures design. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Laboratory of functional evaluation and human motor performance. PARTICIPANTS: Forty-four untrained young participants (mean age = 21 y) were randomized into single-set (n = 14), multiple-set (MSG, n = 15), and untrained control (n = 15) groups. INTERVENTION: The single-set group and MSG underwent a 10-week progressive resistance training program (2 d/wk) using a 45° Roman chair. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Back maximal strength (dynamometer) and isometric and dynamic endurance (time limit, trunk extension-flexion cycles, and electromyography muscle fatigue estimates). RESULTS: The results showed differences between the MSG and control group for isometric endurance time (mean = 19.8 s; 95% confidence interval, -44.1 to 4.8), but without time intervention significance. Significant improvement after training (P < .05) was found predominantly during dynamic endurance (number of repetitions) for both the MSG (+61%) and single-set group (+26%) compared with preintervention, whereas the control group reported no benefit. There was no significant (P > .05) difference in either strength or electromyography estimates after training. CONCLUSIONS: Both multiple and single volume training were efficient in promoting better back endurance during dynamic performance based on mechanical variables (time and number of repetitions).


Assuntos
Músculos do Dorso/fisiologia , Força Muscular , Resistência Física , Treinamento de Resistência , Eletromiografia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fadiga Muscular , Adulto Jovem
7.
Nitric Oxide ; 69: 22-27, 2017 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28757440

RESUMO

Nitric oxide (NO) has been shown to increase skeletal muscle protein synthesis. However, the role of NO during skeletal muscle regrowth after immobilization remains unknown. The purpose of this study was to determine whether NO is required for muscle regrowth/recovery after a period of disuse by immobilization. Male Wistar rats were divided into 4 groups: recovered, 1-(2-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-imidazole (TRIM; 10 mg·kg body mass-1·day-1), NG-nitro-l-arginine methyl ester (l-NAME; 90 mg·kg body mass-1·day-1), and control. The recovered, TRIM, l-NAME groups were submitted to a 7-d muscle recovery period (by remobilization), following a 10-d immobilization period (to induce plantaris [PLA] muscle atrophy). After the experimental period, the PLA muscle was collected for morphometrical (muscle fibers cross-sectional area [CSA]) and molecular (Phospho-mTORSer2448 protein expression) analysis. After 7 d of recovery, the recovered group displayed complete muscle regrowth (CSA, recovered: 2.216 ± 214 vs. CONTROL: 2.219 ± 280 cm2; P > 0.05). However, CSA of the l-NAME (1.911 ± 267 cm2) and TRIM (1.896 ± 219 cm2) groups were statistically (P < 0.05) lower than the recovered and control groups. Additionally, there was a 29% increase in Phos-mTORSer2448 protein expression levels in the recovered group compared to control group, and this increase was blocked in both TRIM and l-NAME groups. In conclusion, our results indicate that NO is crucial for skeletal muscle regrowth after an immobilization period, potentially via the mTOR signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Músculo Esquelético/fisiologia , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo III/antagonistas & inibidores , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo I/antagonistas & inibidores , Regeneração/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Peso Corporal/efeitos dos fármacos , Elevação dos Membros Posteriores , Imidazóis/farmacologia , Masculino , Músculo Esquelético/patologia , Atrofia Muscular/etiologia , Atrofia Muscular/patologia , NG-Nitroarginina Metil Éster/farmacologia , Nitratos/análise , Nitritos/análise , Ratos Wistar , Sarcômeros/patologia , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo
8.
Amino Acids ; 49(7): 1255-1262, 2017 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28444456

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of free leucine supplementation on changes in skeletal muscle mass and strength during a resistance training (RT) program in previously untrained, young subjects. In a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study, 20 healthy young (22 ± 2 years) participants were assigned to two groups: a placebo-supplement group (PLA, N = 10) or a leucine-supplement group (LEU, N = 10). Both groups underwent an 8-week hypertrophic RT program (2 days/week), consuming an equivalent amount of leucine (3.0 g/day in a single post-training dose) or placebo (cornstarch). Quadriceps muscle strength, cross-sectional area (CSA) of the vastus lateralis (VL), and rectus femoris (RF), as well as the habitual dietary intake were assessed before and after the 8-week intervention period. There was a similar improvement in muscle strength (Leg press, LEU: +33% vs. PLA: +37%; P > 0.05, and knee extension, LEU: +31% vs. PLA: 34%; P > 0.05) and CSA (VL, LEU: 8.9% vs. PLA: 9.6%; P > 0.05, and RF, LEU: +21.6% vs. PLA: + 16.4%; P > 0.05) in the both groups from pre- to post-training. In addition, there was no significant (P > 0.05) difference in daily dietary intake between the LEU and PLA groups before and after the intervention period. Free leucine supplementation (3.0 g/day post-training) does not increase muscle strength or CSA during RT in healthy young subjects consuming adequate dietary protein intake.


Assuntos
Suplementos Nutricionais , Leucina/administração & dosagem , Músculo Esquelético/fisiologia , Resistência Física/efeitos dos fármacos , Aptidão Física/fisiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores de Tempo
9.
J. health sci. (Londrina) ; 19(2)30/04/2017.
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-847526

RESUMO

A proposta do presente estudo foi avaliar os efeitos da suplementação de leucina associada ao treinamento resistido (TR) de alta intensidade sobre a força muscular em sujeitos jovens não treinados. Para tanto, 24 indivíduos jovens não treinados, de ambos os sexos, foram divididos em dois grupos (N = 12/grupo): Leucina (4g de leucina + 8g dextrose) e Placebo (12g dextrose). Ambos os grupos foram submetidos a um programa de TR de alta intensidade (3 séries de 12 repetições máximas; 2x/semana) com duração de 6 semanas, e consumiram seus respectivos suplementos imediatamente após cada sessão de treino. As sessões de treino consistiram na realização dos exercícios de leg press e cadeira extensora, a fim de maximizar o recrutamento do músculo quadríceps. Ambos os grupos foram submetidos ao teste de uma repetição máxima (1RM) nos exercícios de leg press e cadeira extensora, nos momentos pré e pós-treinamento. Ao término do treinamento, houve um significante (P < 0,05) aumento do 1RM em ambos os exercícios, mas nenhuma diferença foi observada entre os grupos. Além disso, a progressão da carga de treino foi similar (P > 0,05) entre os grupos, após 4 e 6 semanas de treinamento. Estes resultados indicam que a suplementação de uma baixa dose semanal de leucina (4g/dia; 2x/semana) associada ao TR em curto prazo não promove efeitos adicionais sobre a força muscular em indivíduos jovens não treinados. (AU)


The purpose of the study herein was to examine the leucine supplementation effects associated with high-intensity resistance training (RT) on muscle strength in young untrained subjects. Twenty-four young untrained subjects fromboth sexes were divided into two groups (N = 12/ group): Leucine (4g leucine + 8g dextrose) and Placebo (12g dextrose). Both groups underwent a 6-wk high-intensity RT program (3 sets of 12 maximal repetitions; 2x/week), and consumed their respective supplements immediately after each training session. The training sessions consisted of performing leg press and knee extension exercises, in order to maximize the recruitment of the quadriceps muscle. Both groups performed the one-repetition maximum (1RM) test in the leg press and extensor chair exercises at pre- and post-training. After RT program, there was a significant (P < 0.05) increased 1RM in both exercises, but no difference was observed between the groups. In addition, the training load progression was similar (P > 0.05) between the groups after 4 and 6 weeks of training. These results indicate that low dose supplementation of leucine (4g/day; 2x/week) associated with a short-term RT program does not promote additional effects on muscle strength in untrained young subjects. (AU)

10.
Int J Sports Med ; 38(4): 263-269, 2017 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28219103

RESUMO

Cardiotonic drugs and exercise training promote cardiac inotropic effects, which may affect training-induced cardiac adaptations. This study investigated the effects of long-term administration of digoxin on heart structure and function, and physical performance of rats submitted to high-intensity interval training (HIIT). Male Wistar rats, 60 days old, were divided into control (C), digoxin (DIGO), trained (T), and trained with digoxin (TDIGO). Digoxin was administered by gavage (30 µg/kg/day) for 75 days. The HIIT program consisted of treadmill running 60 min/day (8 min at 80% of the maximum speed (MS) and 2 min at 20% of the MS), 5 days per week during 60 days. The main cardiac parameters were evaluated by echocardiograph and cardiomyocyte area was determined by histology. There were no group x time effects of digoxin, HIIT or interactions (digoxin and HIIT) on functional echocardiographic parameters (heart rate; ejection fraction) or in the maximum exercise test. There was a group x time interaction, as evidenced by observed cardiac hypertrophy in the TDIGO group evaluated by ratio of left ventricle weight to body weight (p<0.002) and cardiomyocyte area (p<0.000002). Long-term administration of digoxin promoted cardiac hypertrophy without affecting cardiac function and physical performance in rats submitted to HIIT.


Assuntos
Cardiomegalia/induzido quimicamente , Digoxina/efeitos adversos , Coração/efeitos dos fármacos , Condicionamento Físico Animal , Animais , Ecocardiografia , Teste de Esforço , Frequência Cardíaca , Treinamento Intervalado de Alta Intensidade , Masculino , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos , Ratos Wistar
11.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 22(5): 398-402, set.-out. 2016. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: lil-798054

RESUMO

RESUMO Introdução: Cardiotônicos e bloqueadores de canais de cálcio são fármacos que alteram o Ca2+ intracelular e afetam o coração. Objetivo: Avaliar os efeitos da administração de verapamil e digoxina sobre a morfologia cardíaca de ratos submetidos ao treinamento intervalado (TAI). Métodos: Ratos Wistar machos divididos em seis grupos (N = 8): Controle, Digoxina (30,0 µg.kg-1/dia), Verapamil (5,0 mg.kg-1/dia), Treinado, Treinado+digoxina e Treinado+verapamil. O TAI foi realizado em esteira rolante (60 min/dia/60 dias) concomitantemente com a administração dos fármacos. Fragmentos do ventrículo esquerdo (VE) foram coletados para análise histológica. Resultados: A digoxina e o verapamil aumentaram a área total do VE (p < 0,002), capilares/área VE (p < 0,01) e área de cardiomiócitos (p < 2,8e-10), sendo que, nesta última variável, o verapamil promoveu efeito ainda maior que a digoxina. O TAI aumentou VE/PC (p < 4e-05), o diâmetro interno do VE (p < 2,7e-6), a área de cardiomiócitos (p < 1,8e-6) e reduziu o [Lac] (p < 2,6e-5). Houve interação entre TAI e fármacos na área total (p < 9,8e-5), capilares (p < 0,04), células/área (p < 0,004) e área de cardiomiócitos (p < 2e-16). Conclusão: A digoxina promoveu hipertrofia de cardiomiócitos e, quando associada ao TAI, potencializou a hipertrofia. O verapamil foi mais eficiente em aumentar a área de cardiomiócitos em comparação com a digoxina, porém somente de forma isolada.


ABSTRACT Introduction: Cardiotonics and calcium channel blockers are drugs that alter intracellular Ca2+ and can affect the heart. Objective: To evaluate the effects of administration of verapamil and digoxin on heart morphology of rats subjected to interval training (IT). Methods: Male Wistar rats were divided into groups (n = 8): Control, Digoxin (30.0µg.kg-1/day), Verapamil (5.0 mg.kg-1/day), Trained, Trained+digoxin and Trained+verapamil. The IT was performed on a treadmill (60 min/day/60 days) concurrently with the drugs administration. Fragments of the left ventricle (LV) were collected for histological analysis. Results: Digoxin and verapamil increased the total area of the LV (p<0.002), capillary/LV area (p<0.01) and cardiomyocytes area (p<2.8e-10), and in the latter variable, verapamil promoted even greater effect than digoxin. The IT increased LV/BW (p<4e-05), the inner diameter of the LV (p<2.7e-6), the area of cardiomyocytes (p<1.8e-6), and reduced the [Lac] (p<2.6e-5). There was interaction between IT and drugs in the total area (p<9.8e-5), capillaries (p<0.04), cell/area (p<0.004) and cardiomyocytes area (p <2.0e-16). Conclusions: Digoxin promoted cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and when associated with IT, potentiated the hypertrophy. Verapamil was more efficient in increasing the cardiomyocytes area compared with digoxin, but only when isolated.


RESUMEN Introducción: Cardiotónicos y bloqueadores de los canales de calcio son fármacos que alteran el Ca2+ intracelular y afectan al corazón. Objetivo: Evaluar los efectos de la administración de verapamilo y digoxina sobre la morfología del corazón de ratas sometidas a entrenamiento a intervalos (EI). Métodos: Ratas Wistar macho, divididas en seis grupos (N = 8): Control, Digoxina (30,0 µg.kg-1/día), Verapamilo (5,0 mg.kg-1/día), Entrenado, Entrenado+digoxina y Entrenado+verapamilo. El entrenamiento a intervalos se realizó en una cinta de correr (60 min/día/60 días), con la administración concomitante de fármacos. Se recogieron fragmentos del ventrículo izquierdo (VI) para el análisis histológico. Resultados: La digoxina y el verapamilo aumentaron el área total del VI (p < 0,002), capilares/área VI (p < 0,01) y el área de los cardiomiocitos (p < 2,8e-10) y, en esta última variable, el verapamilo promovió un efecto aún mayor que la digoxina. EI entrenamiento a intervalos aumentó VI/PC (p < 4e-05), el diámetro interior del VI (p < 2,7e-6), el área de los cardiomiocitos (p < 1,8e-6) y redujo el [Lac] (p < 2,6e-5). Hubo una interacción entre fármacos y el EI en el área total (p < 9,8e-5), capilares (p<0,04), células/área (p < 0,004) y el área de los cardiomiocitos (p < 2e-16). Conclusión: La digoxina promovió la hipertrofia de los cardiomiocitos y, cuando al asociarse con el EI, potenció la hipertrofia. El verapamilo fue más eficiente en el aumento de la zona de los cardiomiocitos en comparación con la digoxina, pero sólo de forma aislada.

12.
J. health sci. (Londrina) ; 18(4): http://www.pgsskroton.com.br/seer/index.php/JHealthSci/article/view/4436, 31/10/2016.
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-834033

RESUMO

A proposta do presente estudo foi comparar os possíveis efeitos de um programa de caminhada em ritmo prescrito e autosselecionado sobre os componentes neuromotores (agilidade, força e equilíbrio) e cardiorrespiratórios em mulheres idosas. Para tanto, 26 mulheres idosas saudáveis (69,3 2,4 anos) foram aleatoriamente divididas em três grupos: Prescrito (PRE, N = 8), Autosselecionado (SEL, N = 9) e Controle (CON, N = 9). Os grupos PRE e SEL foram submetidos a um programa de atividade aeróbica de caminhada (3 vezes por semana), com duração de cinco semanas. A única diferença entre os grupos foi a intensidade de exercício físico. O grupo PRE realizou a caminhada em intensidade referente aos valores 12-13 da escala de Borg, enquanto o grupo SEL realizou a caminhada em ritmo autosselecionado, sem qualquer intervenção dos pesquisadores. O grupo CON permaneceu sem qualquer tipo de atividade durante todo o período de estudo. Todos os grupos foram submetidos a uma bateria de testes de aptidão física (agilidade, força de membros inferiores, equilíbrio e capacidade aeróbica) nos momentos pré e póstreinamento. O programa de caminhada em ritmo prescrito (PRE) promoveu efeitos adicionais sobre os componentes neuromotores (agilidade, força, equilíbrio) e cardiorrespiratórios, enquanto nenhum benefício foi observado no grupo que realizou a caminha em ritmo autosselecionado (SEL). Estes resultados demonstram que a autosseleção do ritmo de caminhada pode subestimar a intensidade necessária para promover efeitos benéficos sobre a capacidade funcional e cardiorrespiratória de mulheres idosas, indicando que a prescrição da intensidade de exercício é fundamental para esta população.(AU)


The purpose of the present study was to compare the possible effects of a prescribed and self-selected walking program on neuromotor (agility, strength, and balance) and cardiorespiratory components in elderly women. Twenty-six healthy elderly women (69.3 ± 2.4 years) were randomly divided into three groups: Prescribed (PRE, N = 8), Self-selected (SEL, N = 9) and Control (CON, N = 9). The PRE and SEL groups underwent anaerobic walking activity program (3 times a week), for 5 weeks. The only difference between the groups was the exercise intensity; The PRE group performed the walking in moderate intensity (12-13 on Borg scale), while the SEL group performed the walking in a self-selected intensity, without any researchers' intervention. The CON group remained without any type of activity throughout the study period. All groups underwent a physical fitness tests battery (agility, lower limb strength, balance and aerobic capacity) at pre and post-training. The walking in prescribed intensity (PRE) promoted additional effects on neuromotor (agility, strength, balance) and cardiorespiratory components, while no benefit effect was observed in the self-selected group (SEL). These results demonstrate that walking self-selection rhythm may underestimate the intensity required to promote beneficial effects on the elderly women's functional and cardiorespiratory capacity, indicating that exercise intensity prescription is fundamental for this population.(AU)

13.
Exp Physiol ; 101(8): 1075-85, 2016 08 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27219629

RESUMO

NEW FINDINGS: What is the central question of this study? We investigated the effects of physical training on phenotypic (fibre-type content) and myogenic features (MyoD and myogenin expression) in skeletal muscle during the transition from cardiac hypertrophy to heart failure. What is the main finding and its importance? We provide new insight into skeletal muscle adaptations by showing that physical training increases the type I fibre content during the transition from cardiac hypertrophy to heart failure, without altering MyoD and myogenin expression. These results have important clinical implications for patients with heart failure, because this population has reduced muscle oxidative capacity. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of physical training (PT) on phenotypic features (fibre-type content) and myogenic regulatory factors (MyoD and myogenin) in rat skeletal muscle during the transition from cardiac hypertrophy to heart failure. We used the model of ascending aortic stenosis (AS) to induce heart failure in male Wistar rats. Sham-operated animals were used as age-matched controls. At 18 weeks after surgery, rats with ventricular dysfunction were randomized into the following four groups: sham-operated, untrained (Sham-U; n = 8); sham-operated, trained (Sham-T; n = 6); aortic stenosis, untrained (AS-U; n = 6); and aortic stenosis, trained (AS-T; n = 8). The AS-T and Sham-T groups were submitted to a 10 week aerobic PT programme, while the AS-U and Sham-U groups remained untrained for the same period of time. After the PT programme, the animals were killed and the soleus muscles collected for phenotypic and molecular analyses. Physical training promoted type IIa-to-I fibre conversion in the trained groups (Sham-T and AS-T) compared with the untrained groups (Sham-U and AS-U). No significant (P > 0.05) differences were found in type I or IIa fibre content in the AS-U group compared with the Sham-U group. Additionally, there were no significant (P > 0.05) differences in the myogenic regulatory factors MyoD and myogenin (gene and protein) expression between the groups. Therefore, our results indicate that PT may be a suitable strategy to improve the oxidative phenotype in skeletal muscle during the transition from cardiac hypertrophy to heart failure, without altering MyoD and myogenin.


Assuntos
Cardiomegalia/metabolismo , Cardiomegalia/patologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/metabolismo , Insuficiência Cardíaca/patologia , Proteína MyoD/metabolismo , Miogenina/metabolismo , Condicionamento Físico Animal/fisiologia , Animais , Masculino , Músculo Esquelético/metabolismo , Músculo Esquelético/patologia , Oxirredução , Ratos , Ratos Wistar
14.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 106(1): 18-25, Jan. 2016. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-771049

RESUMO

Abstract Background: Although the beneficial effects of resistance training (RT) on the cardiovascular system are well established, few studies have investigated the effects of the chronic growth hormone (GH) administration on cardiac remodeling during an RT program. Objective: To evaluate the effects of GH on the morphological features of cardiac remodeling and Ca2+ transport gene expression in rats submitted to RT. Methods: Male Wistar rats were divided into 4 groups (n = 7 per group): control (CT), GH, RT and RT with GH (RTGH). The dose of GH was 0.2 IU/kg every other day for 30 days. The RT model used was the vertical jump in water (4 sets of 10 jumps, 3 bouts/wk) for 30 consecutive days. After the experimental period, the following variables were analyzed: final body weight (FBW), left ventricular weight (LVW), LVW/FBW ratio, cardiomyocyte cross-sectional area (CSA), collagen fraction, creatine kinase muscle-brain fraction (CK-MB) and gene expressions of SERCA2a, phospholamban (PLB) and ryanodine (RyR). Results: There was no significant (p > 0.05) difference among groups for FBW, LVW, LVW/FBW ratio, cardiomyocyte CSA, and SERCA2a, PLB and RyR gene expressions. The RT group showed a significant (p < 0.05) increase in collagen fraction compared to the other groups. Additionally, the trained groups (RT and RTGH) had greater CK-MB levels compared to the untrained groups (CT and GH). Conclusion: GH may attenuate the negative effects of RT on cardiac remodeling by counteracting the increased collagen synthesis, without affecting the gene expression that regulates cardiac Ca2+ transport.


Resumo Fundamento: Apesar de os efeitos benéficos do treinamento resistido (TR) sobre o sistema cardiovascular estarem bem estabelecidos, poucos estudos têm investigado os efeitos crônicos da administração de hormônio do crescimento (GH) sobre a remodelação cardíaca durante um programa de TR. Objetivo: avaliar os efeitos do GH sobre a remodelação cardíaca em suas características morfológicas e na expressão dos genes do trânsito de Ca2+ em ratos submetidos ao TR. Métodos: Ratos Wistar machos foram divididos em 4 grupos (n = 7 por grupo): controle (CT), GH, TR e TR com GH (TRGH). A dose de GH foi de 0,2 UI/kg, a cada dois dias, por 30 dias. O modelo de TR utilizado foi o salto vertical em água (4 séries de 10 saltos, 3 vezes/semana) durante 30 dias consecutivos. Após o período experimental, as seguintes variáveis foram analisadas: peso corporal final (PCF), peso do ventrículo esquerdo (PVE), razão PVE/PCF, área seccional de cardiomiócitos (ASC), fração de colágeno, creatina quinase fração músculo-cérebro (CK-MB) e expressão gênica de SERCA2a, fosfolambam (PLB) e rianodina (RyR). Resultados: Não houve diferença significativa (p > 0,05) entre os grupos para PCF, PVE, razão PVE/PCF, ASC, e expressão gênica de SERCA2a, PLB e RyR. O grupo TR mostrou um significativo aumento (p < 0,05) da fração de colágeno em comparação aos outros. Além disso, os grupos treinados (TR e TRGH) apresentaram maiores níveis de CK-MB em comparação aos não treinados (CT e GH). Conclusão: Esses resultados indicam que o GH pode atenuar os efeitos negativos do TR na remodelação cardíaca por contrabalançar o aumento da síntese de colágeno, sem afetar a expressão de genes que regulam o trânsito de Ca2+ cardíaco.


Assuntos
Animais , Masculino , Hormônio do Crescimento/farmacologia , Treinamento de Resistência/métodos , Remodelação Ventricular/efeitos dos fármacos , Peso Corporal , Proteínas de Ligação ao Cálcio/análise , Cálcio/metabolismo , Colágeno/análise , Colágeno/efeitos dos fármacos , Creatina Quinase Forma BB/sangue , Creatina Quinase Forma BB/efeitos dos fármacos , Expressão Gênica , Ventrículos do Coração/efeitos dos fármacos , Miócitos Cardíacos/efeitos dos fármacos , Tamanho do Órgão , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Ratos Wistar , Rianodina/análise , ATPases Transportadoras de Cálcio do Retículo Sarcoplasmático/análise , ATPases Transportadoras de Cálcio do Retículo Sarcoplasmático/efeitos dos fármacos , Fatores de Tempo , Remodelação Ventricular/genética
15.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 106(1): 18-25, 2016 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26647722

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although the beneficial effects of resistance training (RT) on the cardiovascular system are well established, few studies have investigated the effects of the chronic growth hormone (GH) administration on cardiac remodeling during an RT program. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of GH on the morphological features of cardiac remodeling and Ca2+ transport gene expression in rats submitted to RT. METHODS: Male Wistar rats were divided into 4 groups (n = 7 per group): control (CT), GH, RT and RT with GH (RTGH). The dose of GH was 0.2 IU/kg every other day for 30 days. The RT model used was the vertical jump in water (4 sets of 10 jumps, 3 bouts/wk) for 30 consecutive days. After the experimental period, the following variables were analyzed: final body weight (FBW), left ventricular weight (LVW), LVW/FBW ratio, cardiomyocyte cross-sectional area (CSA), collagen fraction, creatine kinase muscle-brain fraction (CK-MB) and gene expressions of SERCA2a, phospholamban (PLB) and ryanodine (RyR). RESULTS: There was no significant (p > 0.05) difference among groups for FBW, LVW, LVW/FBW ratio, cardiomyocyte CSA, and SERCA2a, PLB and RyR gene expressions. The RT group showed a significant (p < 0.05) increase in collagen fraction compared to the other groups. Additionally, the trained groups (RT and RTGH) had greater CK-MB levels compared to the untrained groups (CT and GH). CONCLUSION: GH may attenuate the negative effects of RT on cardiac remodeling by counteracting the increased collagen synthesis, without affecting the gene expression that regulates cardiac Ca2+ transport.


Assuntos
Hormônio do Crescimento/farmacologia , Treinamento de Resistência/métodos , Remodelação Ventricular/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Peso Corporal , Cálcio/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação ao Cálcio/análise , Colágeno/análise , Colágeno/efeitos dos fármacos , Creatina Quinase Forma BB/sangue , Creatina Quinase Forma BB/efeitos dos fármacos , Expressão Gênica , Ventrículos do Coração/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Miócitos Cardíacos/efeitos dos fármacos , Tamanho do Órgão , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Ratos Wistar , Rianodina/análise , ATPases Transportadoras de Cálcio do Retículo Sarcoplasmático/análise , ATPases Transportadoras de Cálcio do Retículo Sarcoplasmático/efeitos dos fármacos , Fatores de Tempo , Remodelação Ventricular/genética
16.
Eur J Nutr ; 55(6): 2053-62, 2016 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26280946

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of acute L-arginine (L-arg) supplementation on peripheral vasodilatation and muscle performance in older women. METHODS: In a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study, 20 elderly women were randomly assigned in a double-blind fashion to either an L-arg (ARG, N = 10) or placebo (PLA, N = 10) group. During the first visit, both groups underwent a Doppler ultrasound exam (to assess the femoral artery vasodilatation) at rest (baseline), and immediately before and after the isokinetic strength test (performed at 80 min after supplementation). On the second and third visits, the groups completed a battery of muscle performance tests (to assess the isometric and functional strength), initiated at the same time point (80 min after supplementation). RESULTS: The femoral artery blood flow (ARG: 443.9 ± 42.8 vs. PLA: 373.1 ± 40.8 ml/min; P > 0.05) and area (ARG: 0.45 ± 0.03 vs. PLA: 0.41 ± 0.02 cm(2); P > 0.05) were similar between the groups at basal conditions, and they remained unchanged after supplementation. Following exercise, blood flow increased ~160 % above the basal level, and there was no significant (P > 0.05) difference between the ARG and PLA groups. Additionally, there were no significant (P > 0.05) differences between the ARG and PLA groups for any strength variable (isokinetic, isometric, and functional). CONCLUSION: These results show that acute L-arg supplementation provides no ergogenic effect on blood flow and muscle performance in older women.


Assuntos
Arginina/administração & dosagem , Velocidade do Fluxo Sanguíneo/efeitos dos fármacos , Suplementos Nutricionais , Músculo Esquelético/efeitos dos fármacos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Pressão Sanguínea/efeitos dos fármacos , Índice de Massa Corporal , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Músculo Esquelético/fisiologia , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Substâncias para Melhoria do Desempenho/administração & dosagem , Treinamento de Resistência , Descanso , Vasodilatação/efeitos dos fármacos
17.
J Sports Med Phys Fitness ; 56(1-2): 9-18, 2016 Jan-Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25286894

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of an additional set of exhaustive exercise before local muscular endurance (LME) training on maximal dynamic strength and endurance of quadriceps muscle in young men. METHODS: Twenty-seven healthy men (age: 20.9±1.8 years) performed one repetition maximum (1RM), muscular endurance, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) tests on two separate occasions (before and after an 8-wk LME training program using a bilateral knee extensor machine). After baseline testing, the subjects were divided into three groups: untrained control (CO, N.=9), traditional training (TR, N.=9), and prior exhaustive training (PE, N.=9). Both the TR and PE groups trained using the same LME training protocol (2 d∙wk-1; 3 sets of 15-20 repetitions at 50% of 1RM) throughout the 8-wk experimental period; the only difference was that the PE group performed an additional set of exhaustive exercise at 80% of 1RM immediately before each training session. RESULTS: After 8 wk, the PE group experienced a greater (P<0.05) increase in 1RM, endurance, and work efficiency than the TR group. Additionally, no changes (P>0.05) in cross-sectional area (CSA), body mass and daily dietary intake were observed from pre- to post-test in either group. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that the inclusion of a single set of exhaustive exercise at 80% of 1RM immediately before LME training can be a suitable strategy for inducing additional beneficial effects on quadriceps strength and endurance in young men.


Assuntos
Músculo Esquelético/fisiologia , Resistência Física/fisiologia , Músculo Quadríceps/fisiologia , Treinamento de Resistência/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Dieta , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Força Muscular/fisiologia , Músculo Esquelético/anatomia & histologia , Adulto Jovem
18.
Eur J Appl Physiol ; 115(7): 1589-99, 2015 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25753776

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of an additional set of exhaustive exercise before traditional hypertrophic training on quadriceps muscle performance in young men. METHODS: Subjects performed maximal dynamic strength (1RM), local muscular endurance (LME), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) tests before and after an 8-week hypertrophic training program using a knee extensor machine. After baseline testing, the subjects were divided into 3 groups: untrained control, traditional training (TR), and prior exhaustive training (PE). Both the TR and PE groups trained using the same training protocol (2 days week(-1); 3 sets of 8-12 repetitions at 75 % of 1RM); the only difference was that the PE group performed an additional set of exhaustive exercise at 20 % of 1RM before each training session. RESULTS: After 8 weeks, the PE group experienced a greater (P < 0.05) increase in 1RM, cross-sectional area, and LME than the TR group. Additionally, no changes (P > 0.05) in daily dietary intake were observed between groups. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that the inclusion of a single set of exhaustive exercise at 20 % of 1RM before traditional hypertrophic training can be a suitable strategy for inducing additional beneficial effects on quadriceps strength, hypertrophy, and endurance in young men.


Assuntos
Exercício/fisiologia , Contração Muscular/fisiologia , Força Muscular/fisiologia , Músculo Esquelético/fisiologia , Resistência Física/fisiologia , Treinamento de Resistência , Adaptação Fisiológica/fisiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Humanos , Masculino , Treinamento de Resistência/métodos , Levantamento de Peso/fisiologia , Adulto Jovem
19.
Eur J Appl Physiol ; 113(4): 987-96, 2013 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23053133

RESUMO

This study examined the effects of long-term creatine supplementation combined with resistance training (RT) on the one-repetition maximum (1RM) strength, motor functional performance (e.g., 30-s chair stand, arm curl, and getting up from lying on the floor tests) and body composition (e.g., fat-free mass, muscle mass, and % body fat using DEXA scans) in older women. Eighteen healthy women (64.9 ± 5.0 years) were randomly assigned in a double-blind fashion to either a creatine (CR, N = 9) or placebo (PL, N = 9) group. Both groups underwent a 12-week RT program (3 days week(-1)), consuming an equivalent amount of either creatine (5.0 g day(-1)) or placebo (maltodextrin). After 12 week, the CR group experienced a greater (P < 0.05) increase (Δ%) in training volume (+164.2), and 1RM bench press (+5.1), knee extension (+3.9) and biceps curl (+8.8) performance than the PL group. Furthermore, CR group gained significantly more fat-free mass (+3.2) and muscle mass (+2.8) and were more efficient in performing submaximal-strength functional tests than the PL group. No changes (P > 0.05) in body mass or % body fat were observed from pre- to post-test in either group. These results indicate that long-term creatine supplementation combined with RT improves the ability to perform submaximal-strength functional tasks and promotes a greater increase in maximal strength, fat-free mass and muscle mass in older women.


Assuntos
Creatina/administração & dosagem , Suplementos Nutricionais , Contração Muscular/efeitos dos fármacos , Força Muscular/efeitos dos fármacos , Músculo Esquelético/efeitos dos fármacos , Substâncias para Melhoria do Desempenho/administração & dosagem , Treinamento de Resistência , Absorciometria de Fóton , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Análise de Variância , Composição Corporal/efeitos dos fármacos , Brasil , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Atividade Motora/efeitos dos fármacos , Músculo Esquelético/diagnóstico por imagem , Tamanho do Órgão/efeitos dos fármacos , Fatores Sexuais , Fatores de Tempo
20.
Nutr Res ; 31(8): 652-7, 2011 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21925351

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that creatine (Cr) supplementation may promote an additional hypertrophic effect on skeletal muscle independent of a higher workload on Cr-supplemented trained muscle compared with Cr-nonsupplemented trained muscle. Male Wistar rats (2-3 months old, 250-300 g) were divided randomly into 4 groups (n = 8 per group): nontrained without Cr supplementation (CO), nontrained with Cr supplementation (CR), trained without Cr supplementation (TR), and trained with Cr supplementation (TRCR). Creatine supplementation was given at 0.5 g/kg per day. Trained groups were submitted to a 5-week resistance training program (5 d/wk). The progressive workloads were similar between the Cr-supplemented (TRCR) and Cr-nonsupplemented (TR) trained groups; the only difference between groups was the Cr treatment. After the 5-week experiment, the soleus muscle was dissected to analyze the cross-sectional area (CSA) of the muscle fibers. Resistance training promoted a significant (P < .05) increase in the muscle fibers CSA in the TR group compared with the CO group. However, no additional hypertrophic effect was found when Cr supplementation was added to training (TRCR vs TR comparison, P > .05). In addition, Cr supplementation alone did not promote significant alterations in muscle fiber CSA (CR vs CO comparison, P > .05). We conclude that Cr supplementation does not promote any additional hypertrophic effect on skeletal muscle area when Cr-supplemented trained muscles are submitted to same training regimen than Cr-nonsupplemented trained muscles. Specifically, any benefits of Cr supplementation on hypertrophy gains during resistance training may not be attributed to a direct anabolic effect on the skeletal muscle.


Assuntos
Creatina/farmacologia , Suplementos Nutricionais , Fibras Musculares Esqueléticas/efeitos dos fármacos , Músculo Esquelético/efeitos dos fármacos , Condicionamento Físico Animal/fisiologia , Treinamento de Resistência , Suporte de Carga/fisiologia , Animais , Hipertrofia , Masculino , Fibras Musculares Esqueléticas/patologia , Fibras Musculares Esqueléticas/fisiologia , Músculo Esquelético/patologia , Tamanho do Órgão , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Carga de Trabalho
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