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1.
J Appl Oral Sci ; 28: e20190755, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32609186

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To clinically assess the effect of desensitizing gels and dentifrices on the reduction in pain sensitivity and color variation during tooth bleaching. METHODOLOGY: A total of 108 volunteers were randomly separated into the following groups of n=12: GT/S-glycerine and thickener/sucralose; NF/S-potassium nitrate and sodium fluoride/sucralose; NA/S-potassium nitrate and arginine/sucralose; GT/AC-glycerine and thickener/arginine and calcium carbonate; NF/AC-potassium nitrate and sodium fluoride/arginine and calcium carbonate; NA/AC-potassium nitrate and arginine/arginine and calcium carbonate; GT/PN-glycerine and thickener/potassium nitrate; NF/PN-potassium nitrate and sodium fluoride/potassium nitrate; and NA/PN-potassium nitrate and arginine/potassium nitrate. Sensitivity was assessed with the numerical analogue scale, and color variation (ΔE) was measured with a spectrophotometer. The sensitivity values obtained were subjected to a multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) and color variation values were subjected to a randomized analysis of variance (p<0.05). RESULTS: The NF/AC, NA/AC, NF/PN, and NA/PN groups presented lower sensitivity values and reduced sensitivity compared to those of the other groups throughout the clinical sessions. None of the groups showed sensitivity at the 24-week assessment. Statistically, no significant difference were observed in the color values among the groups four weeks after the beginning of bleaching (p=0.074). Additionally, the color assessment of all groups was statistically similar four weeks (p=0.084) and 24 weeks (p=0.118) after the beginning. CONCLUSION: Our results indicate that adding NF/S, NA/S, NF/AC, and NA/AC desensitizers to tooth bleaching protocols reduces pain sensitivity without affecting its effectiveness.

2.
Braz. dent. sci ; 23(3): 1-8, 2020. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1117327

RESUMO

Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the surface microhardness and morphology, as well as the microshear bond strength of a self-etching adhesive (Clearfil SE, Kuraray) to eroded dentin, exposed or not to cigarette smoke. Forty dental crowns were divided into 4 groups (n = 10): no treatment (control) (C); erosion (E); erosion + cigarette smoke exposure (ES); cigarette smoke exposure (S). Samples were prepared through third molars polishing until dentin exposure, followed by crown section. Erosive cycles were performed 5 times/day for 30 s at 60 min intervals. Cigarette smoke was produced with twenty cigarettes/day, during 5 days. Microhardness was evaluated initially and after the treatments. Microshear bond strength was tested after the treatments and dentin restoration with flow composite. Failure patterns and dentin morphology was evaluated by Scanning Electron Microscopy. Microshear bond strength data was submitted to two-way ANOVA, microharness test was adjusted by gamma distribution to be a non-parametric analyses (p=0.05), and surface morphology as qualitative analyses. Loss percentage of microhardness was observed only in groups submitted to erosion. Bond strength was statistically similar between all groups. The most prevalent failure pattern was of adhesive type. Morphological analysis of dentin showed obliterated tubules in groups submitted to cigarette smoke exposure. Cigarette smoke exposure did not promote any effect in the percentage of microhardness loss, as in sound dentin as in eroded dentin. Cigarette smoke, erosion, and association of both, did not alter the bond strength of self-etching adhesives to dentin. (AU)


Objetivo: Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar a microdureza (% perda de dureza) e morfologia de superfície (MS), assim como a resistência de união (RU) de um adesivo autocondicionante (Clearfil SE, Kuraray) à uma dentina erodida, exposta ou não à fumaça de cigarro. Material e Métodos: Quarenta coroas dentais de terceiros molares foram seccionadas da raiz e polidas até a exposição dentinária, sendo aleatoriamente divididas em 4 grupos (n=10): sem tratamento (controle), erosão (E), erosão+ exposição a fumaça de cigarro (ES); exposição a fumaça de cigarro (S).O ciclo erosivo foi realizado 5 vezes/dia por 30s, com 60 minutos de intervalo entre eles. Os grupos ES e S foram exposto à fumaça de cigarro produzida por 20 cigarros/dia, durante 5 dias. A avaliação da microdureza foi realizada antes e após os tratamentos, enquanto a resistência da união por microcisalhamento foi realizada após os tratamentos Os padrões de fratura representativos e a MS dentinária foram avaliados por microscopia eletrônica de varredura (MEV). Os dados de RU foram analisados por ANOVA dois fatores, enquanto a análise de microdureza foi ajustada por distribuição gama por ser uma análise não-paramétrica (p=0.05). A MS foi analisada qualitativamente. Resultados: Os grupos expostos aos ciclos erosivos (E e ES) apresentaram % de perda de dureza significativamente menor que os grupos não expostos (Controle e S. aos ciclos erosivos (E e ES). Para RU, não houve diferença estatística significativa entre os grupos. O padrão de fratura mais observado foi do tipo adesivo, e através das imagens obtidas por MEV, observou-se a obliteração de túbulos dentinários no grupo exposto à fumaça de cigarro, enquanto os grupos submetidos aos ciclos erosivos (E e ES) apresentaram maior exposição e diâmetro de túbulos dentinários. Conclusão: A exposição à fumaça de cigarro não promove nenhum efeito quanto a perda de porcentagem de dureza dentinária, assim como em dentina erodida e saudável. A fumaça de cigarro, o processo erosivo, e a associação de ambos, não altera a resistência da união de adesivos autocondicionantes à dentina. (AU)


Assuntos
Resistência à Tração , Erosão Dentária , Coroas , Cimentos Dentários , Produtos do Tabaco
3.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 19: e207508, jan.-dez. 2020. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1116543

RESUMO

Aim: Glass fiber posts are indicated in the rehabilitation of extensively damaged teeth; their cementation represents a critical step in restorative dentistry. The aim of this study was to quantify and compare the push-out bond strength of glass fiber posts cemented by conventional technique, two-step technique with luting agent and two-step technique associating bulk-fill composite and luting agent. Methods: Eighty maxillary bovine incisors were endodontically treated and divided into eight groups (n = 10) according to the luting agent (Rely X ARC and Duo-link) and cementation technique (conventional technique; two-step technique with luting agent; and two-step technique associating bulk-fill composite ­ Filtek Bulk-fill flow or Surefil SDR flow ­ and luting agent). Samples were submitted to pushout bond strength test, and the fracture pattern was evaluated through scanning electron microscope. Data were submitted to two-way ANOVA and Tukey's test (α = 0.05). Results: When Rely X ARC was used, the conventional cementation technique obtained higher bond strength values than the twostep technique associated with Filtek Bulk-fill flow. When Duolink was used, the two-step technique associated with Filtek Bulk-fill flow presented higher bond strength values than the conventional technique. The most prevalent fracture patterns were adhesive between luting agent and dentin, and adhesive between bulk-fill composite and dentin. Conclusion: Two-step cementation technique associated with bulk-fill composite may be promising depending on the luting agent used


Assuntos
Cimentação/métodos , Resinas Compostas , Cimentos Dentários
4.
Clin Oral Investig ; 2019 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31797171

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the effect of bioadhesive polymer, Aristoflex® AVC, on enamel physical and chemical properties. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Bovine enamel blocks were divided into CP 10% with carbopol-Whiteness Perfect® (WP-FGM), CP 10% with Aristoflex (A + CP 10%), CP 10% with carbopol (C + CP 10%), Aristoflex (A), carbopol (C), carbamide peroxide 10% (CP 10%) and control (no treatment). The treatment was performed for 4 h during 14 days. The colour (ΔE, ΔL*, Δa* and Δb*), profilometry (Ra) and surface microhardness (KHN) were performed before and after the bleaching treatment. The concentrations of Ca and P were performed on the 1st, 3rd, 7th and 14th days by inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry for the groups WP, A + CP 10%, C + CP 10%, A, C and CP 10% (control without thickener) and the morphology by scanning electron microscopy. RESULTS: All groups with CP 10%, regardless of polymer, differing statistically to ΔE, ΔL*, Δa* and Δb* compared to control group. The group A + CP 10% maintained low values of roughness and microhardness after bleaching. Higher concentration of Ca and P was found in the 1st day of treatment for the WP group compared to the groups A + CP 10% and C + CP 10%. CONCLUSION: The 10% CP associated with the bioadhesive polymer Aristoflex® AVC was effective on the bleaching treatment without changing the physical properties of the dental enamel. Also, this experimental gel caused less mineral loss than the group CP 10% with carbopol (WP-FGM). CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Because the change of Carbopol by Aristoflex, a bioadhesive polymer, does not interfere with the effectiveness of bleaching treatment, it is a promising agent associated to carbamide to maintain the physical properties of enamel after bleaching.

5.
Braz Oral Res ; 33: e114, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31800865

RESUMO

This in vitro study aimed to evaluate the effect of different toothpastes on dental enamel subjected to an erosive cycle with and without exposure to cigarette smoke. Bovine enamel specimens were randomly allocated into 12 groups (n = 12). For the in vitro simulation of smoking, half the groups underwent an exposure cycle of 20 cigarettes per day for 5 days. Subsequently, all groups were subjected to a 5-day erosion cycle intercalating demineralization (1 min; 1% citric acid; pH = 3.5) and treatment with toothpaste slurries (2 min) of NaF, SnF2, F/Sn/Chitosan, F/CaSiO3/Na3PO4, and F/bioactive glass. The control group was immersed in distilled water. Surface microhardness (SMH) was measured initially, after exposure to smoke, and after the erosive cycle, and %SMH was calculated. At the end of the experimental cycle, surface roughness, profilometry, and atomic force microscopy (AFM) were performed. SMH increased after exposure to cigarette smoke (p < 0.05). After the erosive cycle, there were no differences between the presence and absence of cigarette smoke exposure in SMH and roughness (p > 0.05). Besides increasing enamel SMH, cigarette smoke did not prevent enamel loss after the erosion cycle (p < 0.05). In profilometry, roughness and surface loss had the lowest values in the groups treated with SnF2 and F/Sn/Chitosan (p < 0.05). AFM showed lower mineral loss with F/CaSiO3/Na3PO4 and F/Sn/Chitosan. For all groups, except F/CaSiO3/Na3PO4, cigarette smoke resulted in higher enamel wear. F/Sn/Chitosan showed the best results against erosion.


Assuntos
Fumar Cigarros/efeitos adversos , Esmalte Dentário/efeitos dos fármacos , Erosão Dentária/etiologia , Erosão Dentária/prevenção & controle , Cremes Dentais/uso terapêutico , Animais , Compostos de Cálcio/uso terapêutico , Cariostáticos/uso terapêutico , Bovinos , Quitosana/uso terapêutico , Testes de Dureza , Humanos , Microscopia de Força Atômica , Valores de Referência , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Saliva/química , Silicatos/uso terapêutico , Propriedades de Superfície/efeitos dos fármacos , Fatores de Tempo , Fluoretos de Estanho/uso terapêutico , Desmineralização do Dente/induzido quimicamente , Desmineralização do Dente/prevenção & controle , Água/química
6.
J Clin Exp Dent ; 11(12): e1175-e1180, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31824600

RESUMO

Background: In this study was assessed the surface roughness and chemical composition of tooth enamel and composite resin after bleaching treatment, immersion in acidic beverages, and simulated toothbrushing. Material and Methods: One hundred and twenty dental blocks (10 x 10 x 3 mm) were randomly assigned (n = 10) according to surface treatment [none (N), bleaching (B), toothbrushing (T), and B+T] and storage medium [saliva (S), whiskey (W), and orange juice (O)]: experimental groups - N+S, N+W, N+O, B+S, B+W, B+O, S+T, W+T, O+T, B+S+T, B+W+T, and B+O+T. Two bleaching sessions were conducted using 38% hydrogen peroxide (3 applications). Surface roughness was measured using a roughness tester and composition was determined by micro energy-dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometry (µ-EDXRF) before and after treatments. Calcium/phosphorus (Ca/P) ratio in enamel and silica (Si) content in composite were evaluated. Data were statistically analyzed by ANOVA and Tukey's test (α = 0.05). Results: Overall, increased values of surface roughness for enamel and composite were observed mainly after immersion in orange juice and bleaching/toothbrushing association. Moreover, this association and immersion in whiskey resulted in lower Ca/P ratio and after aging methods, bleached and bleached/toothbrushed groups showed decreased in Ca/P ratio compared to initial values. All groups showed Si content decrease at the end, except the group without surface treatment and immersed in saliva, and bleaching followed by immersion in orange juice and toothbrushing caused the highest Si reduction. Conclusions: Bleaching and toothbrushing combination strengthened the effects caused by acidic drinks on roughness and chemical composition of enamel and composite. Key words:Tooth bleaching, toothbrushing, physical properties, chemical properties.

7.
Eur J Dent ; 13(2): 199-205, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31476775

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The main purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of dentin pretreatment with 8% arginine on the immediate and 6-month bond strength (BS) of adhesive systems and surface morphology of dentin. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Dentin bovine specimens (5 × 5 mm) were allocated into following pretreatments: without pretreatment (conventional technique, C) or exposure to arginine solution (A) for 5 minutes prior to tooth restoration. The adhesive procedure was performed using (n = 12): 3-step etch-and-rinse adhesive (Scotchbond Multipurpose-SBMP [C+SBMP and A+SBMP]); 2-step etch-and-rinse adhesive (Single Bond 2 - SB [C+SB and A+SB]); or 2-step self-etch adhesive (Clearfil SE Bond - CSEB [C+CSEB and A+CSEB]). After 24 hours, the composite resin restorations were evaluated immediately and after 6 months of water storage using a microshear test and fracture pattern. The dentin surface exposed to A was assessed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The immediate BS data were submitted to a two-way analysis of variance and Tukey's test, and the long-term BS results were analyzed using Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn tests (α = 0.05). RESULTS: There was a significant decrease in immediate and 6-month BS for the A+SB and A+CSEB groups, which differed statistically from the C group. The fracture pattern was predominantly adhesive for SB and CSEB adhesive for C and A. The SEM images presented a different conditioning pattern of the dentin exposed to A. CONCLUSION: The dentin pretreatment with arginine interfered negatively in the immediate and long-term BS of the simplified adhesive system. However, the SBMP adhesive was not affected by arginine pretreatment presenting the most satisfactory results.

8.
Clin Cosmet Investig Dent ; 11: 219-226, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31534372

RESUMO

Objective: The purpose of this study was to clinically evaluate the influence of desensitizing dentifrices applied through a plastic tray on reducing the pain sensitivity and color variation caused by in-office dental whitening and to evaluate differences among such dentifrices through a controlled double-blind clinical study. Materials and methods: A prospective study was conducted with 48 individuals between 18 and 30 years without gender distinction. For the dental whitening, 35% hydrogen peroxide was used in three clinical sessions. After each whitening session, the volunteers used a plastic tray containing one of the dentifrices (sucralose- S, sodium fluoride - SF, arginine and calcium carbonate - ACC, and 5% potassium nitrate - PN) for 4 hrs during the night. The evaluation of the sensitivity associated with the use of the plastic tray in each whitening session was performed using the analog numerical scale with scores from 0 to 10. The color variation (ΔE) was determined with a spectrophotometer. The pain sensitivity data were submitted to the multivariate analysis of variance with repeated measurements and a Lambda Wilks test (p<0.05). To analyze the color variation, a one-way ANOVA was applied (p<0.05). Results: The ACC and 5% NP groups showed a reduction in sensitivity in relation to the other groups (p<0.05). There was a reduction in sensitivity after placement of the tray with dentifrice. The color evaluation associated with the dentifrice showed no difference (p=0.9186). Conclusion: The use of desensitizing dentifrices with ACC or 5% NP in a plastic tray was effective for the reduction of pain sensitivity, and the use of a desensitizing dentifrice did not decrease the effectiveness of whitening.

9.
Braz Oral Res ; 33: e075, 2019 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31432926

RESUMO

Resinous infiltrants are indicated in the treatment of incipient carious lesions, and further development of these materials may contribute to greater control of these lesions. The aim of this study was to analyze the physical and antibacterial properties of experimental infiltrants containing iodonium salt and chitosan. Nine experimental infiltrants were formulated by varying the concentration of the diphenyliodonium salt (DPI) at 0, 0.5 and 1 mol%; and chitosan at 0, 0.12 and 0.25 g%. The infiltrants contained the monomeric base of triethylene glycol dimethacrylate and bisphenol-A dimethacrylate ethoxylate in a 75 and 25% proportion by weight, respectively; 0.5 mol% camphorquinone and 1 mol% ethyl 4-dimethylaminobenzoate. The degree of conversion was evaluated using Fourier transformer infrared spectroscopy, and the flexural strength and elastic modulus using the three-point bending test. Sorption and solubility in water, and antibacterial analysis (minimum inhibitory concentration and minimum bactericidal concentration) were also analyzed. Data was analyzed statistically by two-way ANOVA and Tukey's test (p<0.05), with the exception of the antibacterial test, which was evaluated by visual inspection. In general, the infiltrant group containing 0.5% DPI and 0.12% chitosan showed high values of degree of conversion, higher values of elastic modulus and flexural strength, and lower sorption values in relation to the other groups. Antibacterial activity was observed in all the groups with DPI, regardless of the concentration of chitosan. The addition of DPI and chitosan to experimental infiltrants represents a valid option for producing infiltrants with desirable physical and antibacterial characteristics.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/química , Quitosana/química , Resinas Compostas/química , Metacrilatos/química , Polietilenoglicóis/química , Ácidos Polimetacrílicos/química , Sais/química , Análise de Variância , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Quitosana/farmacologia , Resinas Compostas/farmacologia , Módulo de Elasticidade , Resistência à Flexão , Lactobacillus acidophilus/efeitos dos fármacos , Cura Luminosa de Adesivos Dentários , Teste de Materiais , Metacrilatos/farmacologia , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Polietilenoglicóis/farmacologia , Ácidos Polimetacrílicos/farmacologia , Valores de Referência , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sais/farmacologia , Solubilidade , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Streptococcus mutans/efeitos dos fármacos
10.
J Adhes Dent ; 21(3): 255-264, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31165105

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the bond strength (BS), nanoleakage, and marginal adaptation (MA) of three bulk-fill and one conventional composite, submitted or not to mechanical and thermal cycling. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ninety-six molars were selected and 4-mm-deep class I cavities were prepared and restored. Half of the teeth were submitted to mechanical and thermal cycling (MTC). Teeth were divided into 8 groups (n = 12), according to the composite used - Filtek Z350 XT (Z350), Tetric N-Ceram Bulk Fill (TET), Filtek Bulk Fill Posterior Restorative (FBF) and SonicFill (SF) - and aging, submitted or not to MTC. Fifty-six teeth (n = 7) were used for bond-strength testing, which was performed on stick-shaped specimens obtained from the restored area. Two sticks per tooth were selected to assess nanoleakage. For MA analysis, 40 teeth (n = 5) were sectioned parallel and perpendicular to the occlusal surface and resin-based replicas from the obtained surfaces were prepared. Fracture pattern, nanoleakage, and MA were evaluated using SEM. Quantitative analysis of nanoleakage and MA were performed with ImageJ software. Data obtained were submitted to two-way ANOVA and Tukey's test (ɑ = 0.05). RESULTS: TET presented good MA and higher values of BS when compared to SF. Z350 and FBF presented poorer MA and lower BS, which was statically similar to the other groups. SF obtained the best MA values. Regarding nanoleakage, the highest values were obtained for TET, which differed significantly from the other groups, which presented similar results among themselves. Aging by MTC solely affected MA. CONCLUSION: Bulk-fill composites presented similar performance to the conventional nanocomposite and remained stable when aged.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas , Teste de Materiais
11.
Odontology ; 107(2): 202-208, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30276579

RESUMO

Non-invasive treatments for caries lesions are increasingly required for oral health; resin infiltration is one possible conservative option. In this study, we evaluated the effects of diphenyliodonium hexafluorophosphate salt (DPI) on experimental resin infiltrants with either (hydroxyethyl)methacrylate (HEMA) or ethanol as the diluent. A monomeric base with diglycidyl methacrylate ethoxylated (BisEMA, 25 wt%) and triethylene glycol dimethacrylate (TEGDMA, 75 wt%), 0.5 mol% of camphorquinone, and 1 mol% of ethyl-4-(dimethylamino)benzoate (EDAB) was prepared. The mixtures were divided into 12 groups according to DPI concentration (0; 0.25; 0.5; 1 mol%) and diluents (10 wt% HEMA, 10 wt% ethanol, or none). Degree of conversion (DC), water sorption (Ws), solubility (Sol), contact angle (CA), and cohesive strength (CS) tests were performed and compared to a commercial infiltrant control group (Icon). Only ethanol negatively affected DC and Sol, but both diluents negatively affected Ws and CS. Nevertheless, the presence of DPI, mainly at the 0.5 mol% concentration, compensated for the negative effects of the diluents. The commercial control group was less effective only for CS. In conclusion, 0.5% DPI seems to be the most suitable concentration to compensate for the negative effects of diluents.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas , Metacrilatos , Compostos de Bifenilo , Bis-Fenol A-Glicidil Metacrilato , Teste de Materiais , Oniocompostos , Ácidos Polimetacrílicos
12.
Clin Oral Investig ; 23(5): 2187-2198, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30280326

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of 10% carbamide peroxide (CP) with two different thickeners, carbopol (CPc) and natrosol (CPn), on color variation (CV), tooth sensitivity (TS), and cytotoxicity (CC). METHODS: Seventy subjects were distributed into the CPc or CPn groups (n = 35), in a parallel group, randomized, controlled, single-blind clinical trial. Bleaching gels were used by volunteers for 4 h daily for 2 weeks. Color evaluation was performed using a reflectance spectrophotometer, before bleaching treatment (BT), immediately after the first and second weeks of BT, and 1 week and 1 month after BT ended. TS was evaluated using two pain scales, before, during, and after BT. CC was evaluated using MTT after exposure of MDPC-23 cells to the bleaching gels for 4 h. Epoxy replicas of the subjects teeth were made before and after BT and analyzed using a scanning electronic microscope. The data was analyzed using statistical methods. RESULTS: CV and TS showed similar variation between both bleaching gels (p ≤ 0.05). None of the protocols affected cellular metabolism or the surface morphology of enamel. CONCLUSIONS: Bleaching gels with carbopol and natrosol as thickening agents produced similarly effective tooth bleaching and TS, but did not cause cytotoxicity. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Natrosol could be an alternative as a thickener used in bleaching gels due to its similar bleaching effect and TS when compared with Carbopol.


Assuntos
Resinas Acrílicas/química , Peróxido de Carbamida/química , Sensibilidade da Dentina , Clareadores Dentários/química , Clareamento Dental , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Cor , Feminino , Géis , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Peróxidos , Método Simples-Cego , Adulto Jovem
13.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 33: e075, 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019599

RESUMO

Abstract Resinous infiltrants are indicated in the treatment of incipient carious lesions, and further development of these materials may contribute to greater control of these lesions. The aim of this study was to analyze the physical and antibacterial properties of experimental infiltrants containing iodonium salt and chitosan. Nine experimental infiltrants were formulated by varying the concentration of the diphenyliodonium salt (DPI) at 0, 0.5 and 1 mol%; and chitosan at 0, 0.12 and 0.25 g%. The infiltrants contained the monomeric base of triethylene glycol dimethacrylate and bisphenol-A dimethacrylate ethoxylate in a 75 and 25% proportion by weight, respectively; 0.5 mol% camphorquinone and 1 mol% ethyl 4-dimethylaminobenzoate. The degree of conversion was evaluated using Fourier transformer infrared spectroscopy, and the flexural strength and elastic modulus using the three-point bending test. Sorption and solubility in water, and antibacterial analysis (minimum inhibitory concentration and minimum bactericidal concentration) were also analyzed. Data was analyzed statistically by two-way ANOVA and Tukey's test (p<0.05), with the exception of the antibacterial test, which was evaluated by visual inspection. In general, the infiltrant group containing 0.5% DPI and 0.12% chitosan showed high values of degree of conversion, higher values of elastic modulus and flexural strength, and lower sorption values in relation to the other groups. Antibacterial activity was observed in all the groups with DPI, regardless of the concentration of chitosan. The addition of DPI and chitosan to experimental infiltrants represents a valid option for producing infiltrants with desirable physical and antibacterial characteristics.

14.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 18: e191591, jan.-dez. 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1095170

RESUMO

Aim: The yellowing effect is undesirable and can occur in the dental restoration margins when light-cured resin cements containing camphorquinone as photoinitiator is used. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of diphenyliodonium hexafluorphosphate (DPI) in photoinitiator systems that contained different concentrations of camphorquinone (CQ) and dimethylamino ethyl benzoate (EDAB) on resin cements. Methods: A base (1:1) of bisphenol A diglycidyl methacrylate (BisGMA) and triethylene glycol dimethacrylate (TEGDMA) was obtained, and 60wt% of glass fillers was added. Eight formulations were obtained: RC1 (0.5mol% CQ / 1mol% EDAB), RC2 (0.5mol% CQ / 2mol% EDAB), RC3 (1mol% CQ / 1mol% EDAB), RC4 (1mol% CQ / 2mol% EDAB), and RC5 to RC8, which contained the same bases plus 0.5mol% DPI. Experimental resin cements were evaluated by the degree of conversion (DC), L*a*b* color analysis, water sorption (WS) and solubility (S), flexural strength, and Elastic Modulus. The data were analyzed by three-way ANOVA, Tukey's and Mann-Whitney tests (α = 0.05). Results: The combination of DPI and 0.5mol% CQ increased DC in RC6 and L* in RC5 without increasing the WS and a* b* values. CQ at 1mol% showed higher values of b* and lower values of a*, except for RC3. Groups with 2mol% EDAB showed higher DC. Conclusion: The addition of DPI reduces CQ, generating a decreased yellowing effect, while maintaining adequate properties in the resin cements, especially with 2mol% EDAB


Assuntos
Polímeros , Cimentos de Resina , Fenômenos Físicos , Fotoiniciadores Dentários
15.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 18: e191663, jan.-dez. 2019. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1095340

RESUMO

Color changes may interfere with smile balance and they represent a clinical challenge to dentists. Dental fluorosis originates from intrinsic factors and it is a disorder of enamel formation during the phase of teeth development, resulting in the change of enamel color. This clinical case report aimed to present the resolution of a case of dental fluorosis through the association of minimally invasive techniques, namely microabrasion and tooth bleaching. A 27-year-old male patient sought the dental clinic of the School of Dentistry of Piracicaba (FOP - UNICAMP, Brazil) presenting striped and symmetrical white stains and generalized chromogenic biofilm. After anamnesis and clinical examination, the patient was diagnosed with fluorosis stains. Initially, adequacy of the oral environment was performed with prophylaxis and supragingival scraping. Then, the enamel microabrasion technique was performed with 6% hydrochloric acid associated with silicon carbide (Whiteness RM - FGM) and supervised at-home bleaching was performed with 16% carbamide peroxide (Whiteness Simple 16% - FGM). In conclusion, the treatment performed reestablished the aesthetics and harmony of smile color with minimally invasive procedures without causing tooth sensitivity


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Adulto , Clareamento Dental , Microabrasão do Esmalte , Estética Dentária , Fluorose Dentária
16.
Clin Cosmet Investig Dent ; 10: 281-286, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30588123

RESUMO

Objective: The purpose of this study was to assess the hardness, mineral content, surface roughness, and micromorphology of sound and slightly demineralized enamels, before and after bleaching procedure using 10% carbamide peroxide. Methods: Sixty bovine dental blocks were randomly divided into the following two groups: 30 slabs were submitted to three cycles of pH and 30 slabs were noncycled. Hardness (n=10) was measured using the microhardness tester with Knoop indenter under a 50 g load for 5 seconds. The calcium/phosphate (Ca/P) ratio (n=10) was obtained using a micro-energy-dispersive X-ray fluorescence (µ-EDXRF) spectrometer. The measurement of roughness average (n=10) was performed using a surface roughness tester. Specimens were bleached 6 hours/day during 21 days, and then, physicochemical properties were re-evaluated. Two additional specimens were carried out to evaluate surface micromorphology using the scanning electron microscopy. Data were statistically analyzed by ANOVA and Tukey's test (α=0.05). Results: Sound and slightly demineralized enamels showed no difference in Ca/P ratio after dental bleaching according to the µ-EDXRF analysis, but the Ca/P ratio decreased after bleaching for slightly demineralized enamel. Bleaching treatment decreased the hardness and increased the surface roughness, causing micromorphology alterations. Conclusion: Therefore, bleaching procedure promoted change in bovine enamel surface and increased the demineralization of slightly demineralized enamel but not affected the mineral content of sound enamel.

17.
Clin Cosmet Investig Dent ; 10: 287-296, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30588124

RESUMO

Purpose: This study evaluated the influence of thickness increment on degree of conversion (DC), Knoop microhardness (KHN), and polymerization-shrinkage stress (PSS) by photoelasticity of three dental composites. Methods: For DC and KHN, 45 samples were prepared and divided into nine groups (n=5), according to composite (microhybrid [Filtek Z250 - Z250], bulk-fill flowable [SureFil SDR Flow - SDR], and nanohybrid composite [N'Durance - NDU]) and increment thickness (1, 1.5, and 3 mm). PSS was measured by photoelastic analysis. Composites were placed into a photo-elastic model cavity and light-cured. DC and KHN data were subjected to two-way ANOVA and Bonferroni post hoc test. PSS results were qualitatively evaluated through Kruskal-Wallis test. Results: SDR showed the highest DC values. At top and bottom surfaces, the highest KHN was obtained by Z250. Z250 showed higher PSS than SDR in 1.5 mm increments. NDU showed higher PSS than SDR in 3 mm increments. Conclusion: The bulk-fill composite demonstrated better DC and similar KHN and PSS in deeper layers compared to conventional composites. Bulk-fill composites may perform as well as conventional nanohybrid and microhybrid composites.

18.
Eur J Dent ; 12(4): 523-527, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30369797

RESUMO

Objective: This in situ study evaluated the influence of 10% carbamide peroxide (CP) in combination with different thickeners on physical characteristics of enamel. Materials and Methods: Eighty-four bovine blocks of enamel and dentin (4 mm × 4 mm × 2.5 mm) were divided into seven groups (n = 12), fixed in palatal intraoral devices, and submitted to different treatments: CP + carbopol (FGM), CP + carbopol + glycerin (ultradent), CP + natrosol (experimental gel), carbopol, carbopol + glycerin, and natrosol, without treatment (control group). The physical properties tested were color (ΔE), roughness (Ra), and Knoop microhardness (KHN). Statistical Analysis Used: Data were submitted to ANOVA, Tukey's, and Dunnett's tests (α = 0.05). Results: all groups presented significant color variation, except carbopol. For microhardness, all bleached groups did not differ from control. Roughness increased in all bleached groups when compared to the control group, but CP + natrosol presented statistical lower results than CP + carbopol. Conclusion: Replacement of carbopol by natrosol caused less change on roughness surface, at the same time yielding an effective whitening result.

19.
Braz Oral Res ; 32: e108, 2018 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30328896

RESUMO

This study evaluated the effect of adding the hydrophobic monomer 1,12 dodecanediol dimethacrylate (DDDMA) to experimental sealants with and without thermocycling on degree of conversion (DC), water sorption (WS), water solubility (WSB), color stability (ΔE), and micro-shear bond strength (µSBS). Five experimental and one commercially available sealant (Bisco - BIS) were tested. The experimental sealants were formulated by mixing different percentages of DDDMA monomers and urethane dimethacrylate (UDMA). The photoinitiator system was composed by camphorquinone (CQ) and tertiary amine 4-ethyl benzoate dimetilamiono (EDBA). Ethanol was used as a solvent. The experimental groups were named sequentially according to the monomeric content (DDDMA/UDMA): S40/40 (40/40), S50/30 (50/30), S60/20 (60/20), S70/10 (70/10) and S80/0 (80/0). Data were analyzed separately by one-way ANOVA, followed by Tukey's test (p<0.05). The values of DC ranged from 94.59% (S40/40) to 54.02% (S80/10). BIS showed the highest WS value (p<0.05) and S40/40, S50/30, S60/20 and S80/0 showed the lowest WS values of all tested sealants. WSB values ranged from 7.88 µg/mm3 (BIS) to 13.27 µg/mm3 (S70/10). The highest ΔE value was 11.05±2.88 for BIS and the highest µSBS value was found for S60/20. No significant difference was observed in bond strength between sealants and bovine enamel after thermocycling. Adding DDDMA to the composition of surface sealants can improve its performance, once the monomer increased the degree of conversion and the color stability.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas/química , Metacrilatos/química , Ácidos Polimetacrílicos/química , Poliuretanos/química , Análise de Variância , Animais , Cânfora/análogos & derivados , Cânfora/química , Bovinos , Cor , Colagem Dentária/métodos , Esmalte Dentário/química , Esmalte Dentário/efeitos dos fármacos , Etanol/química , Etilenodiaminas/química , Teste de Materiais , Transição de Fase/efeitos dos fármacos , Polimerização , Valores de Referência , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Resistência ao Cisalhamento , Solubilidade , Propriedades de Superfície , Temperatura , Fatores de Tempo , Água/química
20.
J Clin Exp Dent ; 10(8): e815-e820, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30305882

RESUMO

Background: To establish the correlation between enamel roughness and color change of tooth. Material and Methods: Enamel/dentin blocks (5 x 5 x 3.2 mm) were serially ground with the following abrasive paper: 1200-grit, 800-grit, and 600-grit SiC papers. In the paired model, the analyses of color (L*, a*, b*, ΔE) and roughness (Ra) were performed among the sandpaper exposure. The data were subjected to ANOVA using models for repeated measures followed by the Tukey test. The Pearson correlation test was used to determine whether there was a relationship between Ra values and color results (α = 0.05). Results: The L* values decreased in accordance with the increase of Ra, with statistical difference between all the times (p<0.05). A correlation was found between the Ra vs. the L* values (r = -0.67; p<0.0001) and ∆Ra vs. ∆a* values (r = 0.29; p = 0.05); besides that, there was no significant correlation with b* values or significant alteration in the ∆E values (p>0.05). Conclusions: The alteration of enamel roughness acted on the lightness and the green-red axis of tooth color. However, there was no significant correlation between the alteration of roughness of enamel and general color change of tooth. Key words:Surface properties, tooth discoloration, color.

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