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1.
Aesthet Surg J ; 2020 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31965170

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Preservation of the periareolar dermis, after de-epithelization in reduction mammaplasty, may result in a limitation of the nipple-areola complex (NAC) mobility. Consequently, distortion in shape and difficulty to correct the areola position occur. OBJECTIVES: Evaluate NAC viability and sensitivity resulting from periareolar dermis section after de-epithelization in patients who underwent reduction mammaplasty surgery. METHODS: Controlled double-blinded clinical trial. 41 patients (82 breasts) were randomly divided into two groups and underwent reduction mammaplasty - using the superior pedicle - with a final inverted T-shaped scar. A sectioning of the periareolar dermis was performed on the breasts in the experimental group. Semmes-Weinstein monofilaments were used to evaluate NAC sensitivity at the preoperative evaluation and 3, 6, and 52 weeks after surgery. RESULTS: No cases of partial or total NAC necrosis were noted in either group. The comparison between the groups did not show significant differences regarding NAC sensitivity. However, a statistically significant difference was noted when sensitivity levels at the preoperative and three weeks after surgery were compared in the experimental group. A significant difference was noted when the scores of the sensitivity three weeks after surgery were compared between the control and the experiment groups. Nevertheless, after one year, no statistical differences were observed in the experimental group or between both groups. CONCLUSION: The sectioning of the periareolar dermis does not affect the viability or the pressure sensitivity of NAC.

2.
Int. j. morphol ; 37(1): 289-295, 2019. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-990040

RESUMO

SUMMARY: Peripheral nerve regeneration is a serious clinical problem. The goal of this work was to evaluate comparatively a biopolymer tube of sugarcane with an expanded polyethylene tube as a tube guide in peripheral nerve regeneration. Fourteen male albino Wistar rats were used, separated into three different groups: control (CG), lesion + polyethylene tube (PG) and lesion + sugarcane biopolymer (SBG). At 60 days old, animals from the PG and SBG underwent surgery for tubulization of the sciatic nerve, and 60 days after the injury they were sacrificed for collection of the nerve. In the analysis of the number of nerve fibers, a smaller number was seen in the PG and SBG groups compared to the CG, no difference was seen between the PG and SBG groups (p<0.05). With regard to the number of blood vessels, the SBG group had a larger number than the CG and PG groups (p<0.05). The SBG also presented increase on axonal diameter and G -ratio compared to PG (p<0.05). Taken together these data revealed that biopolymer tube favors a suitable environment for peripheral nerve regeneration.


RESUMEN: La regeneración nerviosa periférica es un problema clínico grave. El objetivo de este trabajo fue evaluar comparativamente un tubo de biopolímero de caña de azúcar con un tubo de polietileno expandido, como guía de tubo en la regeneración de nervios periféricos. Se utilizaron dieciocho ratas Wistar albinas macho, separadas en tres grupos: control (CG), lesión + tubo de polietileno (PG) y lesión + biopolímero de caña de azúcar (SBG). A los 60 días de edad, los animales del PG y SBG fueron sometidos a una cirugía para la tubulización del nervio ciático, y 60 días después de la lesión fueron sacrificados para la recolección del nervio. En el análisis del número de fibras nerviosas, se observó un número menor en los grupos PG y SBG en comparación con el CG; no se observaron diferencias entre los grupos PG y SBG (p <0,05). Con respecto al número de vasos sanguíneos, el grupo SBG tuvo un número mayor que los grupos CG y PG (p <0,05). El SBG también presentó un aumento en el diámetro axonal y la proporción G en comparación con PG (p <0,05). En conjunto, estos datos revelaron que el tubo de biopolímero favorece un entorno adecuado para la regeneración de nervios periféricos.

3.
Rev. Enferm. Atual In Derme ; 87(Edição Especial)2019.
Artigo em Português | BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1025404

RESUMO

Objetivou-se monitorar a evolução do processo cicatricial das lesões por pressão (LP) em pacientes hospitalizados em Unidades de Terapia Intensiva (UTI), a partir da aplicação da cobertura de celulose bacteriana (CB). Trata-se de uma série de casos, amostra constituída por 10 pacientes internados na UTI. Foram excluídos crianças, adolescentes, e pacientes com outros tipos de lesões de pele. Foram aplicadas as escalas preditivas de Braden e a de MEASURE. Realizado monitoramento fotográfico pelo programa MOWA®. A pesquisa foi desenvolvida no setor de terapia intensiva de um hospital universitário em Recife, Pernambuco. A maioria dos pacientes era do sexo feminino (60%), com média de idade de 60±12anos. Quanto as comorbidades, 3 pacientes apresentavam diabetes mellitus (DM), 2 hipertensão arterial sistêmica (HAS), 3 DM e HAS e 2 negaram doença crônica. Sete pacientes foram acompanhados por 30 dias, em média. O risco avaliado pela escala de Braden foi de 9,66. As LP localizavam-se na região sacral, com área média de 84,48cm2 à avaliação inicial. Após 30 dias de acompanhamento observou-se redução da área média das LP (-14,7cm²). A CB funcionou como barreira física e indutor do remodelamento tecidual


The objective of this study was to monitor the evolution of the cicatricial process of pressure lesions (LP) in patients hospitalized in Intensive Care Units (ICU), from the application of bacterial cellulose (CB) coverage. This is a series of cases, a sample consisting of 10 patients hospitalized in the ICU. Children, adolescents, and patients with other types of skin lesions were excluded. Predictive scales of Braden and MEASURE were applied. Photographic monitoring carried out by the MOWA® program. The research was developed in the intensive care sector of a university hospital in Recife, Pernambuco. The majority of the patients were female (60%), with a mean age of 60 ± 12 years. As for comorbidities, 3 patients had diabetes mellitus (DM), 2 systemic arterial hypertension (SAH), 3 DM and SAH and 2 denied chronic disease. Seven patients were followed for 30 days, on average. The risk assessed by the Braden scale was 9.66. LPs were located in the sacral region, with a mean area of 84.48 cm2 at the initial evaluation. After 30 days of follow-up, we observed a reduction in the mean area of LP (-14.7 cm²). CB worked as a physical barrier and inducer of tissue remodeling


Assuntos
Humanos , Cicatrização , Celulose , Lesão por Pressão , Saccharum
4.
Heliyon ; 4(12): e01058, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30603694

RESUMO

The aim of this study is to evaluate if a gel of bacterial cellulose gel can revert the loss of anal resting pressure after anorectum sphincter injury in rat model, elected as a model to simulate fecal incontinence. Thirty-nine animals were equally divided into three groups: Control (CG), Sphincter injury plus Saline injection (SG) and Sphincter injury plus Bacterial Cellulose Gel injection (BCG). Anal pressure at rest was assessed for all animal in the three groups using anorectum manometry. Saline and Gel groups were subject to anorectum sphincter injury to reduce the anal pressure at rest. Fifteen days later Saline or Gel was injected into the anorectum, according to their groups. Sixty days later first manometry, the anorectum of all animals were removed and processed histologically. The CG group showed maintenance of their mean anorectal resting pressure levels; SG presented a fall in their mean anorectal resting pressure. The BCG presented a significant elevation of the mean anorectal resting pressure levels, surpassing the pressure of CG. The gel of bacterial cellulose remained at the injection site and was neovascularized, colonized by fibroblasts and dense conjunctive tissue. Those data suggest that BC can be used as a future filling agent treatment for fecal incontinence in clinical trial protocols.

5.
Acta Ortop Bras ; 25(3): 90-94, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28642669

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the concordance for the curve pattern, side and levels of the superior apical vertebrae, apex and inferior apical vertebrae of curves in patients and their relatives with idiopathic scoliosis. METHODS: Concordance according to the Lenke classification for curve pattern, side and levels of the superior apical vertebrae, apex and inferior apical vertebrae were evaluated comparative and prospectively in 243 pairs of patients and respective relatives with idiopathic scoliosis. RESULTS: The family concordance for the curve pattern and side was 51.4% (125 pairs). Among these pairs, the concordance of the levels of the vertebrae was 91.2% (114 pairs). The concordance rate for the curve pattern and side between parents/children was 51.6% and between siblings was 50.0% (p-value= 0.411). The concordance rates of the levels of vertebrae were 86.8% and 95.1%, respectively (p-value = 0.219). CONCLUSION: Curve shape in idiopathic scoliosis is related to family and degree of kinship, since the data showed a high concordance for the curve pattern, side and levels of the apical vertebrae and apex between patients and relatives with this deformity. The concordance was higher in those with a closer degree of kinship. Level of Evidence II, Lesser Quality Prospective Study.

6.
Acta ortop. bras ; 25(3): 90-94, May-June 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-886469

RESUMO

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the concordance for the curve pattern, side and levels of the superior apical vertebrae, apex and inferior apical vertebrae of curves in patients and their relatives with idiopathic scoliosis. METHODS: Concordance according to the Lenke classification for curve pattern, side and levels of the superior apical vertebrae, apex and inferior apical vertebrae were evaluated comparative and prospectively in 243 pairs of patients and respective relatives with idiopathic scoliosis. RESULTS: The family concordance for the curve pattern and side was 51.4% (125 pairs). Among these pairs, the concordance of the levels of the vertebrae was 91.2% (114 pairs). The concordance rate for the curve pattern and side between parents/children was 51.6% and between siblings was 50.0% (p-value= 0.411). The concordance rates of the levels of vertebrae were 86.8% and 95.1%, respectively (p-value = 0.219). CONCLUSION: Curve shape in idiopathic scoliosis is related to family and degree of kinship, since the data showed a high concordance for the curve pattern, side and levels of the apical vertebrae and apex between patients and relatives with this deformity. The concordance was higher in those with a closer degree of kinship. Level of Evidence II, Lesser Quality Prospective Study.


RESUMO OBJETIVO: Avaliar a concordância para o padrão de curva, lado e níveis das vértebras apical superior, ápex e apical inferior das curvas de pacientes e respectivos familiares com escoliose idiopática. MÉTODOS: A concordância, pela classificação de Lenke, para o padrão de curva, lado e níveis das vértebras apical superior, ápex e apical inferior foi avaliada em 243 pares de pacientes e respectivos familiares com escoliose idiopática. RESULTADOS: A concordância familiar para o padrão de curva e lado foi de 51,4% (125 pares). Entre esses pares, a concordância dos níveis das vértebras foi de 91,2% (114 pares). A taxa de concordância para o padrão de curva e lado entre pais/filhos foi de 51,6% e entre irmãos foi de 50,0% (p= 0,411). As taxas de concordância dos níveis das vértebras foram respectivamente de 86,8% e 95,1% (p-valor = 0,219). CONCLUSÃO: O formato das curvas na escoliose idiopática tem relação familiar e com o grau de parentesco, uma vez que se reportou alta concordância para o padrão de curva, lado e níveis das vértebras apicais e ápex entre pacientes e familiares com a deformidade. A concordância foi maior entre aqueles com grau de parentesco mais próximo. Nível de Evidência Ii, Estudo Prospectivo de Menor Qualidade.

7.
Rev Col Bras Cir ; 44(1): 72-80, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28489214

RESUMO

Objective: to evaluate the efficacy of Bacterial Cellulose (BC) membrane dressings in the treatment of lower limb venous ulcers. Methods: we carried out a prospective, randomized, controlled study of 25 patients with chronic venous ulcer disease in the lower limbs from the Angiology and Vascular Surgery Service of the Federal University of Pernambuco Hospital and from the Salgado Polyclinic of the County Health Department, Caruaru, Pernambuco. We randomly assigned patients to two groups: control group, receiving dressings with triglyceride oil (11 patients) and experimental group, treated with BC membrane (14 patients). We followed the patients for a period of 120 days. Results: There was a reduction in the wound area in both groups. There were no infections or reactions to the product in any of the groups. Patients in the BC group showed decreased pain and earlier discontinuation of analgesic use. Conclusion: BC membrane can be used as a dressing for the treatment of varicose ulcers of the lower limbs.


Assuntos
Bandagens , Celulose/uso terapêutico , Membranas Artificiais , Úlcera Varicosa/terapia , Bactérias/metabolismo , Celulose/biossíntese , Doença Crônica , Feminino , Humanos , Perna (Membro) , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
J Mater Sci Mater Med ; 28(3): 37, 2017 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28144849

RESUMO

Duraplasty is necessary in nearly 30% of all neurological surgeries. Different tissues and materials have been evaluated in dura mater repair or as dural substitutes in neurosurgery. The aim was to evaluate the biocompatibility of the bacterial cellulose (BC) membranes, produced from sugarcane molasses, for dural defect repair in rats. Forty adults males Wistar rats divided into two groups: a control (ePTFE) and an experimental (BC). Bilateral frontoparietal craniectomy was performed, and a dural defect was created. The arachnoid underlying defect was disrupted with a narrow hook. The animals were observed for 120 days. There were no cases of infection, cerebrospinal fluid fistulae, delayed hemorrhages, behavior disturbances, seizures and palsies. The BC membrane showed to have suitable biocompatibility properties, was not induced immune reaction, nor chronic inflammatory response and absence of neurotoxicity signals.


Assuntos
Bactérias/química , Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Celulose/química , Dura-Máter/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Dura-Máter/lesões , Sistema Imunitário , Inflamação , Masculino , Melaço , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Saccharum , Cicatrização
9.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 44(1): 72-80, Jan.-Feb. 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-842637

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objective: to evaluate the efficacy of Bacterial Cellulose (BC) membrane dressings in the treatment of lower limb venous ulcers. Methods: we carried out a prospective, randomized, controlled study of 25 patients with chronic venous ulcer disease in the lower limbs from the Angiology and Vascular Surgery Service of the Federal University of Pernambuco Hospital and from the Salgado Polyclinic of the County Health Department, Caruaru, Pernambuco. We randomly assigned patients to two groups: control group, receiving dressings with triglyceride oil (11 patients) and experimental group, treated with BC membrane (14 patients). We followed the patients for a period of 120 days. Results: There was a reduction in the wound area in both groups. There were no infections or reactions to the product in any of the groups. Patients in the BC group showed decreased pain and earlier discontinuation of analgesic use. Conclusion: BC membrane can be used as a dressing for the treatment of varicose ulcers of the lower limbs.


RESUMO Objetivo: avaliar a eficácia de curativos com membrana de Celulose Bacteriana (CB) no tratamento de úlceras venosas de membros inferiores. Métodos: estudo prospectivo, randomizado e controlado de 25 pacientes com úlceras decorrentes de doença venosa crônica nos membros inferiores provenientes do Serviço de Angiologia e Cirurgia Vascular do Hospital de Clínicas da Universidade Federal de Pernambuco e da Policlínica do Salgado da Secretaria Municipal de Saúde, Caruaru, Pernambuco. Os pacientes foram distribuídos aleatoriamente em dois grupos: grupo controle, que recebeu curativos com óleo de triglicerídeos (11 pacientes) e grupo experimental, tratado com membrana de CB (14 pacientes). Os pacientes foram acompanhados por um período de 120 dias. Resultados: houve uma redução na área de ferida em ambos os grupos. Não houve infecção ou reações ao produto em nenhum dos grupos. Pacientes do grupo CB mostraram diminuição da dor e interrupção mais precoce do uso de analgésicos. Conclusão: a membrana de CB pode ser usada como curativo para o tratamento de úlceras varicosas dos membros inferiores.

10.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 32(2): 202-207, 2017. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-847364

RESUMO

Introdução: A manobra de liberação dérmica periareolar na mamoplastia promove uma melhor mobilidade do complexo mamilo-aréola (NAC). No entanto, existem dúvidas sobre possíveis danos nos nervos neste tipo de topografia. Este estudo objetiva uma análise quantitativa comparando a densidade dos nervos do fluxo lateral medial, lateral e caudal do NAC. Métodos: Trata-se de um estudo prospectivo. O estudo incluiu 26 pacientes do sexo feminino que foram submetidas à mamoplastia redutora pela técnica clássica de Pitanguy. Os fragmentos da derme coletados dos lados medial, lateral e caudal foram devidamente preparados e submetidos a um estudo histológico para determinar a densidade dos nervos em cada um dos lados estudados. Resultados: Dos 26 pacientes estudados, 42,3% apresentaram maior densidade de nervos no lado lateral; 38,5%, do lado medial e 19,2% do lado caudal. A análise estatística utilizada para avaliar se houve predominância de um lado onde a derme foi seccionada demonstrou que o teste de comparação de proporções não foi significativo (p = 0,304). Conclusão: A análise comparativa mostrou que não há preponderância de densidade de nervos em qualquer lado da derme periareolar.


Introduction: The periareolar dermal release maneuver in mammoplasty promotes better mobility of the nipple-areola complex. However, there are doubts on possible nerve damages in this kind of topography. This quantitative analysis compared the nerve branches density from the medial, lateral and caudal side-flow of the nipple-areola complex (NAC). Methods: This was a prospective study. The study included 26 women who have undergone a mammaplasty reduction using the Pitanguy's classic technique. The dermis fragments collected from the medial, lateral and caudal sides were properly prepared and subjected to a histological study in order to determine the nerve branches density in each studied sides. Results: Of 26 studied patients, 42.3% had a higher nerve branches density in the lateral side; 38.5%, on the medial side and 19.2% on the caudal side. The statistical analysis used to evaluate whether there was a predominance of one side where the dermis has been sectioned showed that the proportion comparison test was not significant (p = 0.304). Conclusion: The comparative analysis has shown that there is no preponderance of nerve density in any periareolar dermis side.

11.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 42(6): 1220-1227, Nov.-Dec. 2016. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-828940

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Purpose: This study was to confirm the safety and efficacy of BC dressing when used in surgical male wound healing at the urogenital area. Methods: Open, non-controlled clinical study of phase II. A total of 141 patients, among those children, adolescents and adults with hypospadias (112), epispadias (04), phymosis (13) and Peyronie's disease (12) that had a BC dressing applied over the operated area after surgery. A written informed consent was obtained from all participants. Study exclusion criteria were patients with other alternative treatment indications due to the severity, extent of the injury or the underlying disease. The outcomes evaluated were efficacy, safe and complete healing. The costs were discussed. Results: In 68% patients, the BC dressing fell off spontaneously. The BC was removed without complications in 13% of patients at the outpatient clinic during the follow-up visit and 17% not reported the time of removal. In 3% of the cases, the dressing fell off early. Complete healing was observed between 8th and 10th days after surgery. The BC dressings have shown a good tolerance by all the patients and there were no reports of serious adverse events. Conclusion: The bacterial cellulose dressings have shown efficacy, safety and that can be considered as a satisfactory alternative for postoperative wound healing in urogenital area and with low cost.

12.
Acta ortop. bras ; 24(5): 253-258, Sept.-Oct. 2016. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: lil-797880

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objectives: To present a simplified calculation for the measurement of osteotomy wedges used for the correction of angular uniplanar deformities of long bones and to compare the simplified calculation proposed (circumferential calculation) with the classical trigonometric calculations, as well as with the exact calculation performed by computer software AutoCADtm. Methods: The software AutoCADtm was used to calculate the bone wedges, for mathematical comparison of the three main groups, each one of them containing 18 hypothetical bone deformities which angles ranging from 5 to 90 degrees, with 5 degrees intervals between them. Results: In the analysis of 18 deformities, the hypothetical angular bone, the average lengths of the corrective wedges obtained by the trigonometric, circumferential and the exact metods were, respectively, 32.21 ± 16.81 mm, 33.16 ± 18.63 mm and 35.22 ± 23.52 mm. There was no statistically significant difference between the three calculation methods (p>0.05). Conclusion: The circumferential calculation proposed in this study is useful for being accurate and simple, not requiring any trigonometric knowledge. Level of Evidence II, Experimental Study.

13.
Int Braz J Urol ; 42(6): 1220-1227, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27649111

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study was to confirm the safety and efficacy of BC dressing when used in surgical male wound healing at the urogenital area. METHODS: Open, non-controlled clinical study of phase II. A total of 141 patients, among those children, adolescents and adults with hypospadias (112), epispadias (04), phymosis (13) and Peyronie's disease (12) that had a BC dressing applied over the operated area after surgery. A written informed consent was obtained from all participants. Study exclusion criteria were patients with other alternative treatment indications due to the severity, extent of the injury or the underlying disease. The outcomes evaluated were efficacy, safe and complete healing. The costs were discussed. RESULTS: In 68% patients, the BC dressing fell off spontaneously. The BC was removed without complications in 13% of patients at the outpatient clinic during the follow-up visit and 17% not reported the time of removal. In 3% of the cases, the dressing fell off early. Complete healing was observed between 8th and 10th days after surgery. The BC dressings have shown a good tolerance by all the patients and there were no reports of serious adverse events. CONCLUSION: The bacterial cellulose dressings have shown efficacy, safety and that can be considered as a satisfactory alternative for postoperative wound healing in urogenital area and with low cost.


Assuntos
Bandagens , Doenças do Pênis/cirurgia , Pênis/cirurgia , Poliuretanos/uso terapêutico , Anormalidades Urogenitais/cirurgia , Cicatrização , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Epispadia/cirurgia , Humanos , Hipospadia/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Induração Peniana/cirurgia , Fimose/cirurgia , Período Pós-Operatório , Resultado do Tratamento , Técnicas de Fechamento de Ferimentos
14.
Arq Bras Cir Dig ; 29(2): 90-2, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27438033

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The use of measures in colonic anastomoses to prevent dehiscences is of great medical interest. Sugarcane molasses, which has adequate tolerability and compatibility in vivo, has not yet been tested for this purpose. AIM: To analyze the biomechanical parameters of colonic suture in rats undergoing colectomy, using sugarcane molasses polysaccharide as tape or gel. METHODS: 45 Wistar rats (Rattus norvegicus albinus) were randomized into three groups of 15 animals: irrigation of enteric sutures with 0.9% saline solution; application of sugarcane molasses polysaccharide as tape; and sugarcane molasses polysaccharide as gel. The rats underwent colon ressection, with subsequent reanastomosis using polypropylene suture; they were treated according to their respective groups. Five rats from each group were evaluated at different times after the procedure: 30, 90 and 180 days postoperatively. The following variables were evaluated: maximum rupture force, modulus of elasticity and specific deformation of maximum force. RESULTS: The biomechanical variables among the scheduled times and treatment groups were statistically calculated. The characteristics of maximum rupture force and modulus of elasticity of the specimens remained identical, regardless of treatment with saline, polysaccharide gel or tape, and treatment time. However, it was found that the specific deformation of maximum force of the intestinal wall was higher after 180 days in the group treated with sugarcane polysaccharide gel (p=0.09). CONCLUSION: Compared to control, it was detected greater elasticity of the intestinal wall in mice treated with sugarcane polysaccharide gel, without changing other biomechanical characteristics, regardless of type or time of treatment.


Assuntos
Colo/cirurgia , Melaço , Técnicas de Sutura , Anastomose Cirúrgica , Animais , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Géis , Camundongos , Polissacarídeos , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Saccharum , Fita Cirúrgica
15.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 29(2): 90-92, tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: lil-787889

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Background: The use of measures in colonic anastomoses to prevent dehiscences is of great medical interest. Sugarcane molasses, which has adequate tolerability and compatibility in vivo, has not yet been tested for this purpose. Aim: To analyze the biomechanical parameters of colonic suture in rats undergoing colectomy, using sugarcane molasses polysaccharide as tape or gel. Methods: 45 Wistar rats (Rattus norvegicus albinus) were randomized into three groups of 15 animals: irrigation of enteric sutures with 0.9% saline solution; application of sugarcane molasses polysaccharide as tape; and sugarcane molasses polysaccharide as gel. The rats underwent colon ressection, with subsequent reanastomosis using polypropylene suture; they were treated according to their respective groups. Five rats from each group were evaluated at different times after the procedure: 30, 90 and 180 days postoperatively. The following variables were evaluated: maximum rupture force, modulus of elasticity and specific deformation of maximum force. Results: The biomechanical variables among the scheduled times and treatment groups were statistically calculated. The characteristics of maximum rupture force and modulus of elasticity of the specimens remained identical, regardless of treatment with saline, polysaccharide gel or tape, and treatment time. However, it was found that the specific deformation of maximum force of the intestinal wall was higher after 180 days in the group treated with sugarcane polysaccharide gel (p=0.09). Conclusion: Compared to control, it was detected greater elasticity of the intestinal wall in mice treated with sugarcane polysaccharide gel, without changing other biomechanical characteristics, regardless of type or time of treatment.


RESUMO Racional: A aplicação de produtos em anastomoses colônicas que possam prevenir o surgimento de deiscências são de grande interesse médico. O emprego do polissacarídeo de melaço de cana-de-açúcar (Saccharum officinarum), que possui adequada tolerabilidade e compatibilidade in vivo, ainda não foi testado para este fim. Objetivo: Analisar os parâmetros biomecânicos em suturas colônicas de ratos submetidos à colectomia esquerda após aplicação de fita ou gel do polissacarídeo do melaço da cana-de-açúcar no sítio cirúrgico. Métodos: Quarenta e cinco ratos (Rattus norvegicus albinus da linhagem Wistar) foram sorteados em três grupos de 15 submetidos a: irrigação das suturas entéricas com soro fisiológico a 0,9%; aplicação de fita de polissacarídeo do melaço da cana-de-açúcar; e aplicação do gel do mesmo melaço. Os ratos foram submetidos à colectomia esquerda com anastomose primária, e tratados segundo os respectivos grupos. Cinco ratos de cada grupo foram avaliados em diferentes tempos após o procedimento: 30º, 90º e 180º dias de pós-operatório. Foram avaliadas as variáveis de força máxima de ruptura, módulo de elasticidade e deformação específica da força máxima. Resultados: As variáveis biomecânicas entre os tempos de coleta da pesquisa e os grupos de tratamento foram analisados estatisticamente. As características biomecânicas de força máxima de ruptura e o módulo de elasticidade do corpo de prova permaneceram idênticas, independente do tratamento com soro, fita ou gel de polissacarídeo, e do tempo de tratamento. No entanto, foi evidenciada maior deformação específica da força máxima da parede intestinal, aos 180 dias nos ratos tratados com gel de polissacarídeo de cana-de-açúcar. (p=0,09). Conclusão: Em relação ao controle, foi detectada maior elasticidade da parede intestinal nos ratos tratados com gel de polissacarídeo de cana-de-açúcar, sem alteração de outras características biomecânicas, independente do tipo ou tempo de tratamento.

16.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 82(2): 203-208, Mar.-Apr. 2016. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-780978

RESUMO

ABSTRACT INTRODUCTION: Promising treatments for tympanic membrane perforation closure have been studied. Therapies derived from tissue engineering probably eliminate the need for conventional surgery. Bacterial cellulose is presented as an alternative that is safe, biocompatible, and has low toxicity. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect on healing of direct application of a bacterial cellulose graft on the tympanic membrane compared to the conventional approach with autologous fascia. METHODS: Randomized controlled trial. Forty patients with tympanic membrane perforations secondary to chronic otitis media were included, and were randomly assigned to an experimental group (20), treated with a bacterial cellulose graft (BC) and control group (20), treated with autologous temporal fascia (fascia). We evaluated the surgical time, hospital stay, time of epithelialization and the rate of tympanic perforation closure. Hospital costs were compared. The statistical significance level accepted was established at p < 0.05. RESULTS: The closure of perforations was similar in both groups. The average operation time in the fascia group was 76.50 min versus 14.06 min bacterial cellulose in the group (p = 0.0001). The hospital cost by the Brazilian public health system was R$ 600.00 for the bacterial cellulose group, and R$ 7778.00 for the fascia group (p = 0.0001). CONCLUSION: Bacterial cellulose grafts promoted the closure of the tympanic membrane perforations, and were demonstrated to be innovative, effective, safe, minimally invasive, efficacious and to have a very low cost.


RESUMO INTRODUÇÃO: Tratamentos promissores para o fechamento da perfuração da membrana timpânica vêm sendo estudados. Terapias provenientes de engenharia de tecidos provavelmente eliminarão a necessidade de uma intervenção cirúrgica convencional. A celulose bacteriana apresenta-se como uma alternativa por ser segura, de baixa toxicidade, biocompatível. OBJETIVOS: Investigar o efeito da aplicação direta do enxerto da celulose bacteriana na cicatrização de perfurações da membrana timpânica, comparado ao procedimento convencional com fáscia autóloga. MÉTODO: Incluíram-se 40 pacientes com perfuração da membrana timpânica por otite média crônica simples. Randomizados de 1 a 40, onde os ímpares (20) foram tratados com enxerto de celulose bacteriana (CB), e os pares (20), com enxerto de fáscia temporal autóloga (fáscia). Estudo clínico controlado e randomizado. O tempo cirúrgico e de hospitalização foram o tempo de epitelização e custos hospitalares. RESULTADOS: O fechamento das perfurações foi semelhante nos dois grupos. O tempo médio da cirurgia no grupo fáscia foi de 76,50 minutos e de 14,06 minutos no grupo com celulose bacteriana (p = 0,0001). O custo hospitalar pela tabela do SUS foi de R$ 600,00 para o grupo CB e R$ 7.778,00 para o grupo fáscia (p = 0,0001). CONCLUSÃO: A celulose bacteriana promoveu o fechamento da perfuração do tímpano, mostrando-se inovador, seguro, eficaz, efetivo, minimamente invasivo e de baixo custo.


Assuntos
Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Celulose/administração & dosagem , Perfuração da Membrana Timpânica/cirurgia , Bioprótese , Fáscia/transplante , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Cicatrização/fisiologia
17.
Acta Cir Bras ; 31(1): 53-8, 2016 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26840356

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of particulate (granule-shaped) SCB on bone repair relating it to its biocompatibility and bone neoformation. METHODS: Thirty Wistar rats were submitted to a one 7-mm-diameter defect and divided equally into three experimental groups, with two different postoperative times of evaluation, 90 and 120 days. Each calvaria defect was filled up with clot (control group), particulated autogenous bone or granulated SCB. Five animals of each group were assessed at 90 and 120 days after surgery. In these two periods, histological and histometric analysis were obtained. RESULTS: The clot group showed a bone resorption trend while the autogenous bone group a bone repair trend. However in the SCB group, the critical defect filled up only with fibrous connective tissue and presented none bone neoformation. CONCLUSION: The sugarcane biopolymer when used in critical size defects was a biocompatible material and proved to be a good material to fill bone cavities, keeping them as uniform areas filled with soft tissue and avoiding the tissue shrinkage.


Assuntos
Materiais Biocompatíveis/uso terapêutico , Transplante Ósseo/métodos , Osteogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Saccharum/química , Crânio/lesões , Animais , Biopolímeros/administração & dosagem , Biopolímeros/uso terapêutico , Regeneração Óssea/efeitos dos fármacos , Substitutos Ósseos , Masculino , Ratos Wistar , Crânio/patologia , Crânio/cirurgia , Fatores de Tempo
18.
Acta cir. bras ; 31(1): 53-58, Jan. 2016. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-771847

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of particulate (granule-shaped) SCB on bone repair relating it to its biocompatibility and bone neoformation. METHODS: Thirty Wistar rats were submitted to a one 7-mm-diameter defect and divided equally into three experimental groups, with two different postoperative times of evaluation, 90 and 120 days. Each calvaria defect was filled up with clot (control group), particulated autogenous bone or granulated SCB. Five animals of each group were assessed at 90 and 120 days after surgery. In these two periods, histological and histometric analysis were obtained. RESULTS: The clot group showed a bone resorption trend while the autogenous bone group a bone repair trend. However in the SCB group, the critical defect filled up only with fibrous connective tissue and presented none bone neoformation. CONCLUSION : The sugarcane biopolymer when used in critical size defects was a biocompatible material and proved to be a good material to fill bone cavities, keeping them as uniform areas filled with soft tissue and avoiding the tissue shrinkage.


Assuntos
Animais , Masculino , Materiais Biocompatíveis/uso terapêutico , Transplante Ósseo/métodos , Osteogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Saccharum/química , Crânio/lesões , Substitutos Ósseos , Biopolímeros/administração & dosagem , Biopolímeros/uso terapêutico , Regeneração Óssea/efeitos dos fármacos , Ratos Wistar , Crânio/patologia , Crânio/cirurgia , Fatores de Tempo
19.
Braz J Otorhinolaryngol ; 82(2): 203-8, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26631330

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Promising treatments for tympanic membrane perforation closure have been studied. Therapies derived from tissue engineering probably eliminate the need for conventional surgery. Bacterial cellulose is presented as an alternative that is safe, biocompatible, and has low toxicity. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect on healing of direct application of a bacterial cellulose graft on the tympanic membrane compared to the conventional approach with autologous fascia. METHODS: Randomized controlled trial. Forty patients with tympanic membrane perforations secondary to chronic otitis media were included, and were randomly assigned to an experimental group (20), treated with a bacterial cellulose graft (BC) and control group (20), treated with autologous temporal fascia (fascia). We evaluated the surgical time, hospital stay, time of epithelialization and the rate of tympanic perforation closure. Hospital costs were compared. The statistical significance level accepted was established at p<0.05. RESULTS: The closure of perforations was similar in both groups. The average operation time in the fascia group was 76.50 min versus 14.06 min bacterial cellulose in the group (p=0.0001). The hospital cost by the Brazilian public health system was R$ 600.00 for the bacterial cellulose group, and R$ 7778.00 for the fascia group (p=0.0001). CONCLUSION: Bacterial cellulose grafts promoted the closure of the tympanic membrane perforations, and were demonstrated to be innovative, effective, safe, minimally invasive, efficacious and to have a very low cost.


Assuntos
Celulose/administração & dosagem , Perfuração da Membrana Timpânica/cirurgia , Adulto , Bioprótese , Fáscia/transplante , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Cicatrização/fisiologia
20.
Acta Ortop Bras ; 24(5): 253-258, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28149191

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To present a simplified calculation for the measurement of osteotomy wedges used for the correction of angular uniplanar deformities of long bones and to compare the simplified calculation proposed (circumferential calculation) with the classical trigonometric calculations, as well as with the exact calculation performed by computer software AutoCADtm. METHODS: The software AutoCADtm was used to calculate the bone wedges, for mathematical comparison of the three main groups, each one of them containing 18 hypothetical bone deformities which angles ranging from 5 to 90 degrees, with 5 degrees intervals between them. RESULTS: In the analysis of 18 deformities, the hypothetical angular bone, the average lengths of the corrective wedges obtained by the trigonometric, circumferential and the exact metods were, respectively, 32.21 ± 16.81 mm, 33.16 ± 18.63 mm and 35.22 ± 23.52 mm. There was no statistically significant difference between the three calculation methods (p>0.05). CONCLUSION: The circumferential calculation proposed in this study is useful for being accurate and simple, not requiring any trigonometric knowledge. Level of Evidence II, Experimental Study.

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