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Cranio ; : 1-6, 2021 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33407059


Objective: To evaluate the association between temporomandibular disorders (TMD) and malocclusion complexity using the Index of Complexity Outcome and Need (ICON) levels. Methods: A prospective, cross-sectional, case and control study was done. Cases and controls were matched in a one-to-one relationship (179 subjects each). The Research Diagnostic Criteria was used to evaluate the presence of TMD, and the ICON was used to quantify malocclusion complexity. A binary logistic regression (p < 0.05) was used to identify associations between variables. Results: TMD presence was associated with gender and malocclusion complexity (p < 0.05). The largest proportion of controls were in the lowest three levels of ICON complexity, while most cases were in the three highest levels (p < 0.001). Higher malocclusion complexity indicated a greater TMD risk. Conclusion: The results indicate that TMD is associated with malocclusion complexity. As malocclusion complexity increases, so do the odds of presenting with TMD.

Microsc Res Tech ; 2020 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33242361


The clinically adequate shear bond strengths (SBS) should be from 2.8 to 10 MPa. The aim of this research is to observe tooth enamel loss through a scanning electron microscope (SEM) during the debonding of braces of four adhesive systems. Then, 100 premolars were used in 4 groups of 25 specimens each, for Transbond MIP (G1), Enlight (G2), Stylus (G3), and Transbond Plus SEP (G4). The research was done under the NOM ISO/TS 11405:2015. Gemini 3M were placed under the manufacturer's recommendations. The SBS test was done at 24 hr in an Instron electromechanical universal testing machine at 1 mm/1 min. Adhesive remnant index (ARI) was measured, all of the brackets where examined in the SEM. For the shear bonding strength G1 = 10.09 ± 2.73 MPa, G2 = 9.27 ± 3.99 MPa, G3 = 7.83 ± 4.46 MPa, and G4 = 6.40 ± 2.85 MPa statistically significant differences were found when comparing the four groups (p = .002). In the Tukey post hoc test, G1 versus G4 and G2 versus G4, statistically significant differences were found. For the ARI a value of 1 in 46%, followed by a value of 2 in 38%, a value of 3 in 13% and a value of 0 in 3% of the total samples, finding statistically significant differences (p < .001). In relation to the tooth enamel loss due to SBS, statistically significant differences were found (p = .326). G1 and G4 had not statistically significant differences. Even though our results concur with the appropriate clinical values, we observed tooth enamel loss with Transbond Plus SEP and Stylus.

Int. j. morphol ; 38(5): 1386-1391, oct. 2020. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134453


SUMMARY: The incisors are a key factor in dental occlusion and dentofacial aesthetics; therefore, the sagittal position and inclination of the incisors is a key parameter in diagnosis and orthodontic treatment planning. In some cases, the orthodontist will use more than one cephalometric analysis, and thus different results can be obtained. The aim of this study was to establish the diagnostic agreement among the different cephalometric measurements used to determine the anteroposterior position and the inclination of the incisors. Lateral cephalometric radiograms of patients between 18 and 59 years old were measured (n=260). Digital cephalometric measurements were made with Dolphin Imaging software, by a single calibrated operator. Here, a specific cephalometric analysis was designed in the software analysis editor. The results for each variable and each measurement were registered and compared. Fleiss's Kappa statistical tests, Cohen's Kappa, and Kendall's coefficient were used to determine the strength of agreement using the Minitab software. The results showed diagnostic strength agreement between slight and moderate among measurements of the same variable. This indicates that same diagnosis might not be obtained when using different approaches to measure the anteroposterior position and inclination of the incisors. It was concluded that there is a difference in the diagnosis between one measurement and another because the results showed slight or moderate strength of agreement. However, in some cases, better agreement was found when the measurements were compared as a function of the diagnostic response.

RESUMEN: Los incisivos son un factor clave en la oclusión dental y la estética dentofacial; por lo tanto, la posición sagital y la inclinación de los incisivos es un parámetro clave en el diagnóstico y la planificación del tratamiento de ortodoncia. En algunos casos, el ortodoncista utilizará más de un análisis cefalométrico y, por lo tanto, se pueden obtener resultados diferentes. El objetivo de este estudio fue establecer el acuerdo de diagnóstico entre las diferentes mediciones cefalométricas utilizadas para determinar la posición anteroposterior y la inclinación de los incisivos. Se midieron radiografías cefalométricas laterales de pacientes entre 18 y 59 años (n = 260). Las mediciones cefalométricas digitales se realizaron con el software Dolphin Imaging, por un solo operador calibrado. Aquí, se diseñó un análisis cefalométrico específico en el editor de análisis de software. Los resultados para cada variable y cada medición se registraron y compararon. Las pruebas estadísticas Kappa de Fleiss, Kappa de Cohen y el coeficiente de Kendall se usaron para determinar la fuerza del acuerdo utilizando el software Minitab. Los resultados mostraron un acuerdo de fuerza diagnóstica entre leve y moderado entre las mediciones de la misma variable. Esto indica que no se puede obtener el mismo diagnóstico cuando se utilizan diferentes enfoques para medir la posición anteroposterior y la inclinación de los incisivos. Se concluyó que existe una diferencia en el diagnóstico entre una medición y otra porque los resultados mostraron una fuerza de acuerdo leve o moderada. Sin embargo, en algunos casos, se encontró un mejor acuerdo cuando se compararon las mediciones en función de la respuesta de diagnóstico.

J Dent Sci ; 15(3): 336-344, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32952892


Background/purpose: Non-formation of a tooth impacts the morphology of the alveolar bone, which may, in turn, generate an imbalance in facial growth. This retrospective case-control study aimed to determine whether observable differences exist in the facial growth of patients with dental agenesis relative to complete dentition controls. Materials and methods: The sample comprised 75 patients with dental agenesis, and each case was paired with two controls of the same age and gender (n = 150). All patients were measured cephalometrically (31 variables), and both groups were compared with student's t- or Z-test (P < 0.05). Subsequently, ANOVA or Kruskal-Wallis tests (P < 0.05) were used to compare facial growth depending on the missing tooth's sagittal location in the dental arch (anterior or posterior agenesis); as well as its location in the affected bone (maxillary, mandibular, or both). Results: Four measurements with significant differences were found, whereas ten were found in the sagittal location in the dental arch analysis. Regarding the affected bone, there were no affected variables. Conclusion: it was found that patients with dental agenesis show differences in the sagittal growth of the upper jaw and in the position of the lower incisor. In the studied population, these changes are strongly influenced by the sagittal location of the missing tooth, while its location in the jaws does not affect facial growth.

J Biomater Sci Polym Ed ; 30(15): 1415-1432, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31233380


Polyurethanes (PU) foams with titanium particles (Ti) were prepared with castor oil (CO) and isophorone diisocyanate (IPDI) as polymeric matrix, and 1, 3 and 5 wt.% of Ti. Composites were physicochemically and mechanically characterized and their biocompatibility assessed using human dental pulp stem cells (HDPSC). PU synthesis was confirmed by FTIR, but the presence of Ti was detected by RAMAN, X-ray diffraction (peak at 2θ = 40.2°) and by EDX-mapping. Materials showed three decomposition temperatures between 300 °C and 500 °C and their decomposition were not catalyzed by Ti particles. Compressive modulus (164-846 kPa), compressive strength (12.9-116.7 kPa) and density (128-240 kg/m3) tend to increase with Ti concentration but porosity was reduced (87% to 80%). Composites' foams were fully degraded in acid and oxidative media while remained stable in distilled water. HDPSC viability on all composites was higher than 80% up to 14 days while proliferation dropped up to 60% at 21 days. Overall, these results suggest that these foams can be used as scaffolds for bone tissue regeneration.

Osso e Ossos/citologia , Óleo de Rícino/química , Poliuretanos/química , Poliuretanos/farmacologia , Engenharia Tecidual , Titânio/química , Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Materiais Biocompatíveis/farmacologia , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Fenômenos Químicos , Polpa Dentária/citologia , Humanos , Fenômenos Mecânicos , Células-Tronco/citologia , Células-Tronco/efeitos dos fármacos , Temperatura , Tecidos Suporte/química
J Biomater Appl ; 33(1): 11-22, 2018 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29726734


Segmented polyurethanes were prepared with polycaprolactone diol as soft segment and 4,4-methylene-bis cyclohexyl diisocyanate and l-glutamine as the rigid segment. These polyurethanes were filled with 1 wt.% to 5 wt.% titanium particles (Ti), physicochemically characterized and their biocompatibility assessed using human dental pulp stem cells and mice osteoblasts. Physicochemical characterization showed that composites retained the properties of the semicrystalline polyurethane as they exhibited a glass transition temperature (Tg) between -35°C and -45°C, melting temperature (Tm) at 52°C and crystallinity close to 40% as determined by differential scanning calorimetry. In agreement with this, X-ray diffraction showed reflections at 21.3° and 23.6° for polycaprolactone diol and reflections at 35.1°, 38.4°, and 40.2° for Ti particles suggesting that these particles are not acting as nucleating sites. The addition of up to 5 wt.% of Ti reduced both, tensile strength and maximum strain from 1.9 MPa to 1.2 MPa, and from 670% to 172% for pristine and filled polyurethane, respectively. Although there were differences between composites at low strain rates, no significant differences in mechanical behavior were observed at higher strain rate where a tensile stress of 8.5 MPa and strain of 223% were observed for 5 wt.% composites. The addition to titanium particles had a beneficial effect on both human dental pulp stem cells and osteoblasts viability, as it increased with the amount of titanium in composites up to 10 days of incubation.

Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Osso e Ossos/química , Poliuretanos/química , Tecidos Suporte/química , Titânio/química , Adolescente , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Proliferação de Células , Sobrevivência Celular , Polpa Dentária/citologia , Feminino , Humanos , Camundongos , Osteoblastos/citologia , Transição de Fase , Células-Tronco/citologia , Estresse Mecânico , Temperatura , Resistência à Tração , Engenharia Tecidual , Adulto Jovem