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1.
Neuro Oncol ; 2019 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31102405

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) is a rare form of extra-nodal non-Hodgkin lymphoma. PCNSL is a distinct subtype of non-Hodgkin lymphoma, with over 95% of tumors belonging to the diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) group. We have conducted a genome-wide association study (GWAS) on immunocompetent patients to address the possibility that common genetic variants influence the risk of developing PCNSL. METHODS: We performed a meta-analysis of two new genome-wide association studies of PCNSL totaling 475 cases and 1,134 controls of European ancestry. To increase genomic resolution, we imputed >10 million single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) using the 1000 Genomes Project combined with UK10K as reference. In addition we performed a transcription factor binding disruption analysis and investigated the patterns of local chromatin patterns by capture Hi-C data. RESULTS: We identified independent risk loci at 3p22.1 (rs41289586, ANO10, P = 2.17 x 10-8) and 6p25.3 near EXOC2 (rs116446171, P = 1.95 x 10-13). In contrast the lack of an association between rs41289586 and DLBCL, suggests distinct germline predisposition to PCNSL and DLBCL. We found looping chromatin interactions between non-coding regions at 6p25.3 (rs11646171) with the IRF4 promoter and at 8q24.21 (rs13254990) with the MYC promoter, both genes with strong relevance to B-cell tumorigenesis. CONCLUSION: To our knowledge this is the first study providing insight into the genetic predisposition to PCNSL. Our findings represent an important step in defining the contribution of common genetic variation to the risk of developing PCNSL.

2.
J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry ; 90(9): 1027-1038, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31072955

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the accuracy of the recently proposed diagnostic criteria for chronic lymphocytic inflammation with pontine perivascular enhancement responsive to steroids (CLIPPERS). METHODS: We enrolled 42 patients with hindbrain punctate and/or linear enhancements (<3 mm in diameter) and tested the CLIPPERS criteria. RESULTS: After a median follow-up of 50 months (IQR 25-82), 13 out of 42 patients were CLIPPERS-mimics: systemic and central nervous system lymphomas (n=7), primary central nervous system angiitis (n=4) and autoimmune gliopathies (n=2). The sensitivity and specificity of the CLIPPERS criteria were 93% and 69%, respectively. Nodular enhancement ( ≥ 3 mm in diameter), considered as a red flag in CLIPPERS criteria, was present in 4 out of 13 CLIPPERS-mimics but also in 2 out of 29 patients with CLIPPERS, explaining the lack of sensitivity. Four out of 13 CLIPPERS-mimics who initially met the CLIPPERS criteria displayed red flags at the second attack with a median time of 5.5 months (min 3, max 18), explaining the lack of specificity. One of these four patients had antimyelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein antibodies, and the three remaining patients relapsed despite a daily dose of prednisone/prednisolone ≥ 30 mg and a biopsy targeting atypical enhancing lesions revealed a lymphoma. CONCLUSIONS: Our study highlights that (1) nodular enhancement should be considered more as an unusual finding than a red flag excluding the diagnosis of CLIPPERS; (2) red flags may occur up to 18 months after disease onset; (3) as opposed to CLIPPERS-mimics, no relapse occurs when the daily dose of prednisone/prednisolone is ≥ 30 mg; and (4) brain biopsy should target an atypical enhancing lesion when non-invasive investigations remain inconclusive.

3.
J Neurol ; 266(7): 1743-1755, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31016376

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of atypical inflammatory demyelinating lesions can be difficult. Brain biopsy is often required to exclude neoplasms. Moreover, the relationship between these lesions and multiple sclerosis and NMOSD is not clear. OBJECTIVES: Our objectives were to describe radiological and pathological characteristics of patients with acute inflammatory demyelinating lesions. METHODS: We retrospectively identified patients with brain biopsy performed for diagnostic uncertainty revealing a demyelinating lesion. A complete clinical, biological, radiological and pathological analysis was performed. RESULTS: Twenty patients (15 with a single lesion) were included. MRI disclosed a wide range of lesions including infiltrative lesions (40%), ring-like lesion (15%) Baló-like lesion (15%) and acute haemorrhagic leukoencephalitis (20%). In spite of a marked heterogeneity, some findings were common: a peripheral B1000 hyperintense rim (70%), a slight oedema with mild mass effect (75%) and an open-rim peripheral enhancement (75%). Histopathology revealed that all cases featured macrophages distributed throughout, extensive demyelination, axonal preservation and absence of haemorrhagic changes. In the majority of cases, macrophages were the predominant inflammatory infiltrate and astrocytes were reactive and dystrophic. Aquaporin-4 staining was systematically preserved. After a mean follow-up of 5 years (1-12), 16/20 patients had a diagnosis of monophasic acute atypical inflammatory demyelinating lesion. One patient was diagnosed with MS and 3 with AQP4 negative NMOSD. DISCUSSION: Although imaging findings in patients with atypical inflammatory demyelinating lesions are heterogeneous, some common features such as peripheral DWI hyperintense rim with open-rim enhancement and absence of oedema argue in favour of a demyelinating lesion and should preclude a brain biopsy. In this context, AQP4 staining is systematically preserved and argues against an AQP4-positive NMOSD. Moreover, long-term follow-up is characterized by low recurrence rate.

5.
Emerg Infect Dis ; 24(8): 1594-1596, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30016251

RESUMO

Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) is increasingly being reported in patients undergoing immunotherapy. We report a case of progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy after treatment with nivolumab, a PD-1 blocker that is used to restore impaired T-cell responses in patients with cancer and infections. Data for 4 other cases were obtained from pharmacovigilance databases.

6.
Haematologica ; 103(8): 1278-1287, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29724903

RESUMO

Heterozygous germline GATA2 mutations strongly predispose to leukemia, immunodeficiency, and/or lymphoedema. We describe a series of 79 patients (53 families) diagnosed since 2011, made up of all patients in France and Belgium, with a follow up of 2249 patients/years. Median age at first clinical symptoms was 18.6 years (range, 0-61 years). Severe infectious diseases (mycobacteria, fungus, and human papilloma virus) and hematologic malignancies were the most common first manifestations. The probability of remaining symptom-free was 8% at 40 years old. Among the 53 probands, 24 had missense mutations including 4 recurrent alleles, 21 had nonsense or frameshift mutations, 4 had a whole-gene deletion, 2 had splice defects, and 2 patients had complex mutations. There were significantly more cases of leukemia in patients with missense mutations (n=14 of 34) than in patients with nonsense or frameshift mutations (n=2 of 28). We also identify new features of the disease: acute lymphoblastic leukemia, juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia, fatal progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy related to the JC virus, and immune/inflammatory diseases. A revised International Prognostic Scoring System (IPSS) score allowed a distinction to be made between a stable disease and hematologic transformation. Chemotherapy is of limited efficacy, and has a high toxicity with severe infectious complications. As the mortality rate is high in our cohort (up to 35% at the age of 40), hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) remains the best choice of treatment to avoid severe infectious and/or hematologic complications. The timing of HSCT remains difficult to determine, but the earlier it is performed, the better the outcome.

7.
J Neurooncol ; 137(3): 463-468, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29327175

RESUMO

Primary lymphomas of the central nervous system (PCNSL) are highly aggressive tumors affecting exclusively the CNS, meninges, and eyes. PCNSL must be separated from secondary spread of systemic lymphoma to the CNS (SCNSL), which may occur at diagnosis or relapse of systemic lymphomas. At present, there are no valid methods to distinguish PCNSL from SCNSL based on tumor biopsy because of similar histological presentation. However, SCNSL and PCNSL are different in terms of prognosis and adequate therapy protocols. MicroRNA expression profiles of CSF samples collected from SCNSL and PCNSL patients were compared using microRNA arrays. MiR-30c revealed the largest differential expression and was selected for validation by RT-PCR on 61 CSF samples from patients with PCNSL and 14 samples from SCNSL. MiR-30c was significantly increased in patients with SCNSL compared to PCNSL (p < 0.001). MiR-30c levels in CSF enabled the differentiation of patients with PCNSL from SCNSL with an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.86, with a sensitivity of 90.9% and a specificity of 85.5%. Our data suggest that miR-30c detected in the CSF can serve as biomarker for distinction between PCNSL and SCNSL. The validation in a larger cohort is needed. With respect to its function, miR-30c may facilitate lymphoma cells to engraft into CNS by interaction with CELSR3 gene that controls the function of ependymal cilia and, thus, affects the circulation of CSF.

8.
Cytometry B Clin Cytom ; 94(1): 182-188, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27479326

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Central nervous system lymphomas are aggressive tumors requiring a prompt diagnosis for successful treatment. Stereotactic biopsy remains the standard procedure, but the time needed for histopathology is usually over 2 days. We evaluated the contribution of cytomorphology and flow cytometry to histopathology of the brain biopsy in particular on the rinse fluid usually removed. METHODS: Eighteen patients with suspected localized brain lymphoma underwent stereotactic brain biopsy. Brain biopsy tissue sample and/or brain biopsy rinse fluid were analyzed by cytomorphology combined with flow cytometry. Histopathology was used as a reference. RESULTS: Histopathology characterized ten diffuse large B-cell lymphomas and eight other diseases. Cytomorphology and flow cytometry showed lymphoma cells in nine out of the ten lymphomas. Three cytomorphology or flow cytometry negative results were reported for lymphomas in tissue samples due to low cellularity and biopsy sample conditioning. No lymphomatous cells were found by cytomorphology or flow cytometry in the eight other diseases. Rinse fluid results were consistent with histology in all cases studied (sensitivity and specificity, 100%). The median time to result was 4.5 days (range, 2-10 days) for histopathology, while 5 h (range, 3-20 h) were required for both cytomorphology and flow cytometry. CONCLUSIONS: Brain biopsy rinse fluid alleviates problems of tissue sample distribution compared to tissue sample. Its analysis performs the diagnosis of B-cell lymphoma in a few hours and, associated with histopathology, allows a multidisciplinary diagnosis. This study shows that cytomorphology combined with flow cytometry on brain biopsy rinse fluid is a new, fast, and useful strategy. © 2016 International Clinical Cytometry Society.

9.
JAMA Neurol ; 74(11): 1368-1373, 2017 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28973119

RESUMO

Importance: Visual impairment in primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) is caused mostly by intraocular lymphomatous involvement (vitritis and retinal infiltration), whereas optic nerve infiltration (ONI) is a rare condition. Objective: To describe the clinical presentation of ONI, its imaging characteristics, and outcome. Design, Setting and Participants: A total of 752 patients diagnosed with PCNSL were retrospectively identified from the databases of 3 French hospitals from January 1, 1998, through December 31, 2014. Of these, 7 patients had documented ONI. Exclusion criteria were intraocular involvement, orbital lymphoma, or other systemic lymphoma. Clinical presentation, neuroimaging, biological features, treatment, and outcomes were assessed. Main Outcomes and Measures: Treatment response was evaluated clinically and radiologically on follow-up magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) according to the International PCNSL Collaborative Group response criteria. Results: The 7 patients included 5 women and 2 men. Median age at diagnosis was 65 years (range, 49-78 years). Two patients had initial ONI at diagnosis, and 5 had ONI at relapse. Clinical presentation was marked by rapidly progressive and severe visual impairment for all patients. The MRI findings showed optic nerve enlargement in 3 patients and contrast enhancement of the optic nerve in all patients. Additional CNS lesions were seen in 4 patients. Examination of cerebrospinal fluid samples detected lymphomatous meningitis in 2 patients. Clinical outcome was poor and marked by partial recovery for 2 patients and persistent severe low visual acuity or blindness for 5 patients. Median progression-free survival after optic nerve infiltration was 11 months (95% CI, 9-13 months), and median overall survival was 18 months (95% CI, 9-27 months). Conclusions and Relevance: Optic nerve infiltration is an atypical and challenging presentation of PCNSL. Its visual and systemic prognosis is particularly poor compared with vitreoretinal lymphomas even in response to chemotherapy. Although intraocular involvement is frequent in PCNSL and clinically marked by slowly progressive visual deterioration, lymphomatous ONI is rare and characterized by rapidly progressive severe visual impairment.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Sistema Nervoso Central/complicações , Linfoma/complicações , Doenças do Nervo Óptico/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças do Nervo Óptico/patologia , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças do Nervo Óptico/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
11.
J Neurooncol ; 133(2): 315-320, 2017 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28432587

RESUMO

Primary CNS lymphoma (PCNSL) is chemosensitive to high-dose methotrexate-based chemotherapy. However, responses in the elderly are short-lasting and outcome is poor. Given that radiotherapy and intensive chemotherapy expose elderly to severe toxicities, alternative consolidation approaches need to be evaluated. In this multicenter study, we retrospectively analyzed consecutive patients with newly-diagnosed PCNSL, aged >60, treated with a (R)-MPV-AAA regimen. The regimen consisted of three 28-day cycles of methotrexate (3.5 g/m2 D1, D15), procarbazine, vincristine, followed by three 28-day cycles of cytarabine consolidation (3 g/m2 D1-2). Addition of rituximab (375 mg/m2 D1) was optional. The results were compared with the historical MPV-A regimen. Ninety patients received the (R)-MPV-AAA regimen with (n = 39) or without (n = 51) rituximab. Median age was 68 and median KPS 60. 55% of patients achieved a complete response, 8% a partial response and 37% progressed. The median PFS was 10 months, the median OS 28.1 months. Toxicity was mainly hematological, with 54 and 51% of grade III-IV neutropenia and thrombopenia. The response rate was higher in patients receiving rituximab (77 vs. 53%; p = 0.03), whereas no difference was observed in terms of PFS or OS. When comparing the results to the historical MPV-A, there was no difference in terms of response rate, PFS or OS, but a higher rate of hematotoxicity. This study suggests that extending cytarabine consolidation after methotrexate-based chemotherapy does not improve the MPV-A efficacy but increases toxicity in the elderly. The addition of rituximab may improve the response rate, but its impact on final outcome remains unclear.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias do Sistema Nervoso Central/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Terapia Combinada , Citarabina/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Avaliação de Estado de Karnofsky , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Procarbazina/uso terapêutico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Rituximab/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Eur J Cancer ; 61: 69-76, 2016 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27156226

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: We aimed to confirm the diagnostic value and to evaluate the pre- and post-therapeutic prognostic value of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) concentrations of interleukin (IL)-10 and IL-6 in patients with diffuse large B-cell primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL). PATIENTS AND METHODS: IL-10 and IL-6 concentrations were measured in 79 patients with PCNSL at diagnosis and in 40 control individuals. Fifty-four PCNSL patients underwent repeat assessments starting at diagnosis. RESULTS: The IL-10 concentration distinguished PCNSL from other neurologic diseases with a sensitivity of 88.6% and a specificity of 88.9% with a cutoff of 4 pg/ml. In a multivariate analysis of PCNSL patients, CSF involvement was associated with a higher IL-10 concentration (mean log (IL-10) of 4.4 versus 2.5 pg/ml, respectively, p = 0.0004). The pre-therapeutic IL-10 concentration had no prognostic impact on outcome. The IL-10 concentration decreased after treatment for most patients tested. Among patients with complete remission or partial remission, as evaluated by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), a persistent detectable IL-10 level in the CSF at the end of treatment was associated with a negative impact on progression-free survival (PFS) (1-year PFS: 15%, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 2.5-38% versus 59%, 95% CI: 32-78%, respectively, p = 0.0004). CONCLUSION: Our study confirmed that IL-10 is a useful biomarker for the diagnosis of PCNSL. We highlight new findings showing that the IL-10 level in the CSF could be used as a surrogate marker for CSF involvement and that the post-treatment IL-10 concentration could complement standard MRI for therapeutic response assessment in PCNSL.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Neoplasias do Sistema Nervoso Central/diagnóstico , Interleucina-10/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Neoplasias do Sistema Nervoso Central/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Interleucina-6/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Modelos Logísticos , Linfoma não Hodgkin , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Adulto Jovem
13.
J Med Case Rep ; 10(1): 96, 2016 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27103315

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Optic nerve sheath meningiomas account for only 2% of orbital lesions and 42% of optic nerve tumors. Diagnosis remains difficult because histologic confirmation carries a high risk of visual loss. Therefore, a less invasive and specific diagnostic method for differentiating optic nerve sheath meningiomas from other optic nerve lesions is needed to overcome the limitations of computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging, and make the best individualized treatment decision. This case is a good illustration of the clinical and imaging difficulties inherent in this rare tumor, which may be hard to differentiate from other causes. CASE PRESENTATION: A 51-year-old Caucasian woman developed a central scotoma, visual loss, and abnormal visual evoked potentials. The first magnetic resonance imaging scan classified the optic nerve damage as retrobulbar optic neuritis. After magnetic resonance imaging follow-up at 3 months, a negative lumbar puncture and biological workup, and clinical worsening, an optic nerve sheath meningioma was suspected. We confirmed this diagnosis with 111In-pentetreotide single-photon emission computed tomography, which is able to bind with very high affinity to somatostatin receptor subtype 2 expressed on meningiomas. CONCLUSIONS: In the diagnosis of optic nerve sheath meningiomas, [111In]-pentetreotide single-photon emission computed tomography-fused magnetic resonance imaging is a valuable additional tool, optimizing the diagnosis and obviating the need for a more invasive procedure.


Assuntos
Meningioma/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias do Nervo Óptico/diagnóstico por imagem , Potenciais Evocados Visuais/fisiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Radioisótopos de Índio , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Meningioma/complicações , Meningioma/metabolismo , Meningioma/fisiopatologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Imagem Multimodal , Neoplasias do Nervo Óptico/complicações , Neoplasias do Nervo Óptico/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Nervo Óptico/fisiopatologia , Receptores de Somatostatina/metabolismo , Escotoma/etiologia , Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia Computadorizada de Emissão de Fóton Único , Somatostatina/análogos & derivados , Transtornos da Visão/etiologia
14.
Neuro Oncol ; 18(9): 1297-303, 2016 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26951382

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Treatment of relapsed/refractory (R/R) primary CNS lymphoma (PCNSL) is poorly defined, because randomized trials and large studies are lacking. The aim of this study was to analyze the characteristics, management, and outcome of R/R PCNSL patients after first-line therapy in a nationwide cohort. METHODS: We analyzed R/R PCNSL patients following first-line treatment who had been prospectively registered in the database of the French network for oculocerebral lymphoma (LOC) between 2011 and 2014. RESULTS: Among 563 PCNSL patients treated with first-line therapy, we identified 256 with relapsed (n = 93, 16.5%) or refractory (n = 163, 29.0%) disease. Patients who were asymptomatic at relapse/progression (25.5%), mostly diagnosed on routine follow-up neuroimaging, tended to have a better outcome. Patients who received salvage therapy followed by consolidation (mostly intensive chemotherapy plus autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation [ICT + AHSCT]) experienced prolonged survival compared with those who did not receive salvage or consolidation therapy. Independent prognostic factors at first relapse/progression were: KPS ≥ 70 vs KPS < 70), sensitivity to first-line therapy (relapsed vs refractory disease), duration of first remission (progression-free survival [PFS] ≥1 y vs <1 y), and management at relapse/progression (palliative care vs salvage therapy). Patients who relapsed early after first-line therapy (ie, PFS < 1 y) had a poor outcome, comparable to that of refractory patients. Conversely, patients experiencing late relapses (PFS ≥ 1 y) and/or undergoing consolidation with ICT + AHSCT experienced prolonged survival. CONCLUSIONS: About a third of PCNSL patients are primary refractory to first line treatment. We identified several independent prognostic factors that can guide the management of R/R PCNSL patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Sistema Nervoso Central/terapia , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Linfoma não Hodgkin/terapia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/terapia , Terapia de Salvação , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias do Sistema Nervoso Central/patologia , Terapia Combinada , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Humanos , Linfoma não Hodgkin/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Transplante Autólogo
15.
Neuro Oncol ; 18(3): 361-7, 2016 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26250566

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Primary central nervous system lymphomas (PCNSLs) are highly aggressive tumors. Chemotherapy has improved prognosis significantly; however, early diagnosis is crucial for effective treatment. Presently, the diagnosis of PCNSL depends on histopathology of tumor biopsies. We have previously demonstrated differential expression of microRNAs in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples from patients with PCNSL. Based on promising findings about circulating U2 small nuclear RNA fragments (RNU2-1f) as novel blood-based biomarkers for pancreatic, colorectal, and lung cancer, we investigated RNU2-1f in the CSF of PCNSL patients. METHODS: CSF was collected from patients with PCNSL (n = 72) and control patients with various neurologic disorders (n = 47). Sequential CSF samples were collected from 9 PCNSL patients. RNU2-1f levels were measured by real-time polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS: Measurement of RNU2-1f levels in CSF enabled the differentiation of patients with PCNSL from controls with an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.909 with a sensitivity of 68.1% and a specificity of 91.4%. The diagnostic accuracy was further improved by combined determination of RNU2-1f and miR-21, resulting in AUC of 0.987 with a sensitivity of 91.7% and a specificity of 95.7%. In consecutive measurements of RNU2-1f, which were performed in 9 patients at different stages of the disease course, RNU2-1f CSF levels paralleled the course of the disease. CONCLUSIONS: Our data suggest that the measurement of RNU2-1f detected in CSF can be used as a diagnostic marker and also as a possible marker for treatment monitoring. These promising results need to be evaluated within a larger patient cohort.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Neoplasias do Sistema Nervoso Central/diagnóstico , Linfoma/diagnóstico , RNA Nuclear Pequeno/genética , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias do Sistema Nervoso Central/genética , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Linfoma/genética , Masculino , MicroRNAs/genética , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , RNA Nuclear Pequeno/sangue , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real/métodos
17.
Onkologie ; 33(4): 174-7, 2010.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20389143

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Intravascular lymphoma (IVL) is an uncommon disease characterized by atypical lymphoid cells growing inside the lumina of small vessels. The diversity of clinical presentation due to possible involvement of multiple organs often complicates its diagnosis. CASE REPORT: Here, we report on a case of IVL with rapidly progressive dementia and Coombs-negative hemolytic anemia. Interestingly, the erythrocytes exhibited a decreased osmotic resistance. Bone marrow histopathology revealed increased erythropoiesis and, finally, a small monoclonal B lymphocyte population. Cerebral magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) demonstrated few micro-bleedings. Computed tomography (CT) showed bilateral ground-glass opacity of the lungs. Within a few days, the patient developed respiratory failure and died. On post-mortem examination, intravascular large B-cell lymphoma with almost complete infiltration of the brain and lungs was diagnosed. CONCLUSION: IVL should be considered early in situations of unexplained neuropsychiatric disease along with markedly elevated levels of lactic dehydrogenase, anemia, and hemolysis.


Assuntos
Anemia Hemolítica/diagnóstico , Anemia Hemolítica/etiologia , Demência/diagnóstico , Demência/etiologia , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/complicações , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/diagnóstico , Idoso , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Humanos , Masculino
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