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1.
Chin Clin Oncol ; 2021 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33752411

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Atypical meningioma is a variant of meningioma with a high risk of recurrence. Gross total resection is the standard of treatment, while no consensus on optimal adjuvant management has been found. METHODS: Between 2008 and 2018, a retrospective search identified 216 grade II meningiomas treated in six centers. Clinical, histological, and therapeutic data were analyzed to determine the prognostic factors of recurrence and survival. RESULTS: In total, 216 patients underwent surgical resection. Among these, 122 patients (56%) underwent gross total resection, and 21% of the patients received adjuvant radiotherapy. Univariate analysis reported subtotal resection, high Ki-67, negative progesterone receptor (PR) and histological grade evolution as unfavorable prognosis factors. According to multivariate analysis, the Ki-67 proliferative index (cut-off value of 17.5%) was the only prognostic factor of recurrence (HR 1.1; 95% CI, 1.0-1.2, P=0.048). Gross total resection improved progression-free survival (PFS) (P=0.03) but without impact on overall survival (OS) (P=0.2). Median PFS and OS times were longer for patients receiving adjuvant radiotherapy than those who did not receive adjuvant radiotherapy. PFS (P=0.3) and OS (P=0.7) were associated with adjuvant RT by trend only. After a median follow-up time of 6.7 years, 99 (46%) patients relapsed. Median progression-free and OS rates were 4.5 (95% CI, 3.5-5.5) and 14.7 years (11.4-NA), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, Ki-67 proliferative index was significantly associated with recurrence. Gross total resection significantly improved PFS without impacting OS. Adjuvant radiotherapy delayed recurrence and improved OS, but a longer follow-up time is needed to distinguish a statistically significant difference. Large prospective studies are needed to determine postoperative treatment guidelines.

2.
J Neurol ; 2021 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33609156

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Interleukin 6 (IL-6) is a pleomorphic cytokine that can be found in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in a wide spectrum of inflammatory pathologies of the central nervous system (CNS). OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to characterize the diagnostic significance of CSF IL-6 among various CNS inflammatory diseases with pseudotumoral lesions (CNSID) and primary CNS lymphoma (PCNSL). METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the CSF IL-6 concentrations in 43 consecutive patients with suspected PCNSL. A total of 28 patients were positively diagnosed with PCNSL and 15 with CNSID. We verified the results with CSF IL-10, an established biomarker for PCNSL. RESULTS: In the PCNSL group, the median CSF IL-6 concentration was 8 pg/ml, interquartile range (IQR) 5-18.5. For the patients with CNSID, the median concentration was 70 pg/ml, IQR 5-1368. A group comparison showed significantly higher CSF IL-6 levels in patients with CNSID than in those with PCNSL (p = 0.032). Moreover, IL-6 was correlated with CSF cell count in the CNSID group (r = 0.56, p = 0.028), but not in the PCNSL group (r = 0.3, p = 0.13). We found significantly higher CSF IL-10 levels in patients with PCNSL than in patients with CNS inflammatory lesions (p < 0.001). DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggests that CSF IL-6 levels could represent, in addition to CSF IL-10, a useful biomarker in the differential diagnosis of CNSID and suspected PCNSL.

3.
Crit Rev Oncol Hematol ; : 103188, 2020 Dec 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33307200

RESUMO

With new therapeutic protocols, more patients treated for glioblastoma have experienced a suspicious radiologic image of progression (pseudoprogression) during follow-up. Pseudoprogression should be differentiated from true progression because the disease management is completely different. In the case of pseudoprogression, the follow-up continues, and the patient is considered stable. In the case of true progression, a treatment adjustment is necessary. Presently, a pseudoprogression diagnosis certainly needs to be pathologically confirmed. Some important efforts in the radiological, histopathological, and genomic fields have been made to differentiate pseudoprogression from true progression, and the assessment of response criteria exists but remains limited. The aim of this paper is to highlight clinical and pathological markers to differentiate pseudoprogression from true progression through a literature review.

4.
Eur Radiol ; 2020 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33155106

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To compare brain MRI findings in progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) associated to rituximab and natalizumab treatments and HIV infection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective, multicentric study, we analyzed brain MRI exams from 72 patients diagnosed with definite PML: 32 after natalizumab treatment, 20 after rituximab treatment, and 20 HIV patients. We compared T2- or FLAIR-weighted images, diffusion-weighted images, T2*-weighted images, and contrast enhancement features, as well as lesion distribution, especially gray matter involvement. RESULTS: The three PML entities affect U-fibers associated with low signal intensities on T2*-weighted sequences. Natalizumab-associated PML showed a punctuate microcystic appearance in or in the vicinity of the main PML lesions, a potential involvement of the cortex, and contrast enhancement. HIV and rituximab-associated PML showed only mild contrast enhancement, punctuate appearance, and cortical involvement. The CD4/CD8 ratio showed a trend to be higher in the natalizumab group, possibly mirroring a more efficient immune response. CONCLUSION: Imaging features of rituximab-associated PML are different from those of natalizumab-associated PML and are closer to those observed in HIV-associated PML. KEY POINTS: • Nowadays, PML is emerging as a complication of new effective therapies based on monoclonal antibodies. • Natalizumab-associated PML shows more inflammatory signs, a perivascular distribution "the milky way," and more cortex involvement than rituximab- and HIV-associated PML. • MRI differences are probably related to higher levels of immunosuppression in HIV patients and those under rituximab therapy.

5.
Eur J Cancer ; 141: 62-81, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33129039

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cancer patients are thought to have an increased risk of developing severe Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection and of dying from the disease. In this work, predictive factors for COVID-19 severity and mortality in cancer patients were investigated. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this large nationwide retro-prospective cohort study, we collected data on patients with solid tumours and COVID-19 diagnosed between March 1 and 11th June 2020. The primary end-point was all-cause mortality and COVID-19 severity, defined as admission to an intensive care unit (ICU) and/or mechanical ventilation and/or death, was one of the secondary end-points. RESULTS: From April 4 to 11th June 2020, 1289 patients were analysed. The most frequent cancers were digestive and thoracic. Altogether, 424 (33%) patients had a severe form of COVID-19 and 370 (29%) patients died. In multivariate analysis, independent factors associated with death were male sex (odds ratio 1.73, 95%CI: 1.18-2.52), The Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group Performance Scale (ECOG PS) ≥ 2 (OR 3.23, 95%CI: 2.27-4.61), updated Charlson comorbidity index (OR 1.08, 95%CI: 1.01-1.16) and admission to ICU (OR 3.62, 95%CI 2.14-6.11). The same factors, age along with corticosteroids before COVID-19 diagnosis, and thoracic primary tumour site were independently associated with COVID-19 severity. None of the anticancer treatments administered within the previous 3 months had any effect on mortality or COVID-19 severity, except for cytotoxic chemotherapy in the subgroup of patients with detectable severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), which was associated with a slight increase of the risk of death (OR 1.53; 95%CI: 1.00-2.34; p = 0.05). A total of 431 (39%) patients had their systemic anticancer treatment (such as chemotherapy, targeted or immune therapy) interrupted or stopped following diagnosis of COVID-19. CONCLUSIONS: Mortality and COVID-19 severity in cancer patients are high and are associated with general characteristics of patients. We found no deleterious effects of recent anticancer treatments, except for cytotoxic chemotherapy in the RT-PCR-confirmed subgroup of patients. In almost 40% of patients, the systemic anticancer therapy was interrupted or stopped after COVID-19 diagnosis.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33087424

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Riboflavin transporter deficiencies (RTDs), involving SLC52A3 and SLC52A2 genes, have recently been related to Brown-Vialetto-Van Laere (BVVL) syndrome, a hereditary paediatric condition associating motor neuropathy (MN) and deafness. BVVL/RTD has rarely been reported in adult patients, but is probably underdiagnosed due to poor knowledge and lack of awareness of this form of disease among neurologists. In this study, we aimed to investigate the phenotype and prognosis of RTD patients with late-onset MN. METHODS: We retrospectively collected clinical, biological and electrophysiological data from all French RTD patients with MN onset after 10 years of age (n=6) and extracted data from 19 other similar RTD patients from the literature. RESULTS: Adult RTD patients with MN had heterogeneous clinical presentations, potentially mimicking amyotrophic lateral sclerosis or distal hereditary motor neuropathy (56%), multinevritis with cranial nerve involvement (16%), Guillain-Barré syndrome (8%) and mixed motor and sensory neuronopathy syndromes (20%, only in SLC52A2 patients). Deafness was often diagnosed before MN (in 44%), but in some patients, onset began only with MN (16%). The pattern of weakness varied widely, and the classic pontobulbar palsy described in BVVL was not constant. Biochemical tests were often normal. The majority of patients improved under riboflavin supplementation (86%). INTERPRETATION: Whereas late-onset RTD may mimic different acquired or genetic causes of motor neuropathies, it is a diagnosis not to be missed since high-dose riboflavin per oral supplementation is often highly efficient.

7.
JAMA Neurol ; 77(9): 1079-1088, 2020 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32589189

RESUMO

Importance: Risk factors associated with the severity of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) are unknown. Disease-modifying therapies (DMTs) may modify the risk of developing a severe COVID-19 infection, beside identified risk factors such as age and comorbidities. Objective: To describe the clinical characteristics and outcomes in patients with MS and COVID-19 and identify factors associated with COVID-19 severity. Design, Setting, and Participants: The Covisep registry is a multicenter, retrospective, observational cohort study conducted in MS expert centers and general hospitals and with neurologists collaborating with MS expert centers and members of the Société Francophone de la Sclérose en Plaques. The study included patients with MS presenting with a confirmed or highly suspected diagnosis of COVID-19 between March 1, 2020, and May 21, 2020. Exposures: COVID-19 diagnosed with a polymerase chain reaction test on a nasopharyngeal swab, thoracic computed tomography, or typical symptoms. Main Outcomes and Measures: The main outcome was COVID-19 severity assessed on a 7-point ordinal scale (ranging from 1 [not hospitalized with no limitations on activities] to 7 [death]) with a cutoff at 3 (hospitalized and not requiring supplemental oxygen). We collected demographics, neurological history, Expanded Disability Severity Scale score (EDSS; ranging from 0 to 10, with cutoffs at 3 and 6), comorbidities, COVID-19 characteristics, and outcomes. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression models were used to estimate the association of collected variables with COVID-19 outcomes. Results: A total of 347 patients (mean [SD] age, 44.6 [12.8] years, 249 women; mean [SD] disease duration, 13.5 [10.0] years) were analyzed. Seventy-three patients (21.0%) had a COVID-19 severity score of 3 or more, and 12 patients (3.5%) died of COVID-19. The median EDSS was 2.0 (range, 0-9.5), and 284 patients (81.8%) were receiving DMT. There was a higher proportion of patients with a COVID-19 severity score of 3 or more among patients with no DMT relative to patients receiving DMTs (46.0% vs 15.5%; P < .001). Multivariate logistic regression models determined that age (odds ratio per 10 years: 1.9 [95% CI, 1.4-2.5]), EDSS (OR for EDSS ≥6, 6.3 [95% CI. 2.8-14.4]), and obesity (OR, 3.0 [95% CI, 1.0-8.7]) were independent risk factors for a COVID-19 severity score of 3 or more (indicating hospitalization or higher severity). The EDSS was associated with the highest variability of COVID-19 severe outcome (R2, 0.2), followed by age (R2, 0.06) and obesity (R2, 0.01). Conclusions and Relevance: In this registry-based cohort study of patients with MS, age, EDSS, and obesity were independent risk factors for severe COVID-19; there was no association found between DMTs exposure and COVID-19 severity. The identification of these risk factors should provide the rationale for an individual strategy regarding clinical management of patients with MS during the COVID-19 pandemic.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Esclerose Múltipla/epidemiologia , Esclerose Múltipla/terapia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Adulto , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , França/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Neurology ; 94(10): e1027-e1039, 2020 03 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31907289

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Real-life studies on patients with primary CNS lymphoma (PCNSL) are scarce. Our objective was to analyze, in a nationwide population-based study, the current medical practice in the management of PCNSL. METHODS: The French oculo-cerebral lymphoma network (LOC) database prospectively records all newly diagnosed PCNSL cases from 32 French centers. Data of patients diagnosed between 2011 and 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: We identified 1,002 immunocompetent patients (43% aged >70 years, median Karnofsky Performance Status [KPS] 60). First-line treatment was high-dose methotrexate-based chemotherapy in 92% of cases, with an increasing use of rituximab over time (66%). Patients <60 years of age received consolidation treatment in 77% of cases, consisting of whole-brain radiotherapy (WBRT) (54%) or high-dose chemotherapy with autologous stem cell transplantation (HCT-ASCT) (23%). Among patients >60 years of age, WBRT and HCT-ASCT consolidation were administered in only 9% and 2%, respectively. The complete response rate to initial chemotherapy was 50%. Median progression-free survival was 10.5 months. For relapse, second-line chemotherapy, HCT-ASCT, WBRT, and palliative care were offered to 55%, 17%, 10%, and 18% of patients, respectively. The median, 2-year, and 5-year overall survival was 25.3 months, 51%, and 38%, respectively (<60 years: not reached [NR], 70%, and 61%; >60 years: 15.4 months, 44%, and 28%). Age, KPS, sex, and response to induction CT were independent prognostic factors in multivariate analysis. CONCLUSIONS: Our study confirms the increasing proportion of elderly within the PCNSL population and shows comparable outcome in this population-based study with those reported by clinical trials, reflecting a notable application of recent PCNSL advances in treatment.


Assuntos
Antimetabólitos Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/farmacologia , Neoplasias do Sistema Nervoso Central/terapia , Irradiação Craniana/estatística & dados numéricos , Linfoma/terapia , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Transplante de Células-Tronco/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Neoplasias do Sistema Nervoso Central/epidemiologia , Terapia Combinada , Bases de Dados Factuais , França/epidemiologia , Humanos , Linfoma/epidemiologia , Metotrexato/farmacologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Rituximab/farmacologia , Transplante Autólogo , Adulto Jovem
9.
J Neurooncol ; 145(3): 487-499, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31637628

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use increases in cancer patients, including adult patients with diffuse gliomas. METHODS: Questionnaires addressing CAM use were distributed to adult patients with gliomas of WHO grades II-IV and ECOG performance score of 0-2 during hospital visits and filled in anonymously. The study was conducted in nine centers in France from May 2017 to May 2018. Descriptive cohort analyses and comparative analyses according to gender, age, WHO grade, and recurrent versus newly diagnosed disease were conducted. RESULTS: Two hundred twenty-seven questionnaires were collected; 135 patients (59%) were male. Median age was 48 years, 105 patients (46%) declared having glioblastoma, 99 patients (43%) declared having recurrent disease. Hundred-three patients (45%) had modified their alimentary habits after the glioma diagnosis. At the time of the questionnaire, 100 patients (44%) were on complementary treatment, mainly vitamins and food supplements, and 73 patients (32%) used alternative medicine approaches, mainly magnetism and acupuncture. In total, 154 patients (68%) declared using at least one of these approaches. Expenditures exceeding 100 € per month were reported by users in 14% for modification of alimentary habits, in 25% for complementary treatment, and in 18% for alternative medicines. All approaches were commonly considered as improving quality of life and experienced as efficient, notably those associated with more expenditures. CONCLUSIONS: CAM are frequently used by glioma patients in France. Underlying needs and expectations, as well as potential interactions with tumor-specific treatments, and financial and quality of life burden, should be discussed with patients and caregivers.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas/terapia , Terapias Complementares/estatística & dados numéricos , Glioma/terapia , Adulto , Terapias Complementares/economia , Terapias Complementares/métodos , Feminino , França , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários
10.
Neuro Oncol ; 2019 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31102405

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) is a rare form of extra-nodal non-Hodgkin lymphoma. PCNSL is a distinct subtype of non-Hodgkin lymphoma, with over 95% of tumors belonging to the diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) group. We have conducted a genome-wide association study (GWAS) on immunocompetent patients to address the possibility that common genetic variants influence the risk of developing PCNSL. METHODS: We performed a meta-analysis of two new genome-wide association studies of PCNSL totaling 475 cases and 1,134 controls of European ancestry. To increase genomic resolution, we imputed >10 million single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) using the 1000 Genomes Project combined with UK10K as reference. In addition we performed a transcription factor binding disruption analysis and investigated the patterns of local chromatin patterns by capture Hi-C data. RESULTS: We identified independent risk loci at 3p22.1 (rs41289586, ANO10, P = 2.17 x 10-8) and 6p25.3 near EXOC2 (rs116446171, P = 1.95 x 10-13). In contrast the lack of an association between rs41289586 and DLBCL, suggests distinct germline predisposition to PCNSL and DLBCL. We found looping chromatin interactions between non-coding regions at 6p25.3 (rs11646171) with the IRF4 promoter and at 8q24.21 (rs13254990) with the MYC promoter, both genes with strong relevance to B-cell tumorigenesis. CONCLUSION: To our knowledge this is the first study providing insight into the genetic predisposition to PCNSL. Our findings represent an important step in defining the contribution of common genetic variation to the risk of developing PCNSL.

11.
J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry ; 90(9): 1027-1038, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31072955

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the accuracy of the recently proposed diagnostic criteria for chronic lymphocytic inflammation with pontine perivascular enhancement responsive to steroids (CLIPPERS). METHODS: We enrolled 42 patients with hindbrain punctate and/or linear enhancements (<3 mm in diameter) and tested the CLIPPERS criteria. RESULTS: After a median follow-up of 50 months (IQR 25-82), 13 out of 42 patients were CLIPPERS-mimics: systemic and central nervous system lymphomas (n=7), primary central nervous system angiitis (n=4) and autoimmune gliopathies (n=2). The sensitivity and specificity of the CLIPPERS criteria were 93% and 69%, respectively. Nodular enhancement ( ≥ 3 mm in diameter), considered as a red flag in CLIPPERS criteria, was present in 4 out of 13 CLIPPERS-mimics but also in 2 out of 29 patients with CLIPPERS, explaining the lack of sensitivity. Four out of 13 CLIPPERS-mimics who initially met the CLIPPERS criteria displayed red flags at the second attack with a median time of 5.5 months (min 3, max 18), explaining the lack of specificity. One of these four patients had antimyelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein antibodies, and the three remaining patients relapsed despite a daily dose of prednisone/prednisolone ≥ 30 mg and a biopsy targeting atypical enhancing lesions revealed a lymphoma. CONCLUSIONS: Our study highlights that (1) nodular enhancement should be considered more as an unusual finding than a red flag excluding the diagnosis of CLIPPERS; (2) red flags may occur up to 18 months after disease onset; (3) as opposed to CLIPPERS-mimics, no relapse occurs when the daily dose of prednisone/prednisolone is ≥ 30 mg; and (4) brain biopsy should target an atypical enhancing lesion when non-invasive investigations remain inconclusive.


Assuntos
Encefalomielite/diagnóstico , Ponte/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Encéfalo/patologia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Encefalomielite/diagnóstico por imagem , Encefalomielite/tratamento farmacológico , Encefalomielite/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neuroimagem , Prednisolona/uso terapêutico , Prednisona/uso terapêutico
12.
J Neurol ; 266(7): 1743-1755, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31016376

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of atypical inflammatory demyelinating lesions can be difficult. Brain biopsy is often required to exclude neoplasms. Moreover, the relationship between these lesions and multiple sclerosis and NMOSD is not clear. OBJECTIVES: Our objectives were to describe radiological and pathological characteristics of patients with acute inflammatory demyelinating lesions. METHODS: We retrospectively identified patients with brain biopsy performed for diagnostic uncertainty revealing a demyelinating lesion. A complete clinical, biological, radiological and pathological analysis was performed. RESULTS: Twenty patients (15 with a single lesion) were included. MRI disclosed a wide range of lesions including infiltrative lesions (40%), ring-like lesion (15%) Baló-like lesion (15%) and acute haemorrhagic leukoencephalitis (20%). In spite of a marked heterogeneity, some findings were common: a peripheral B1000 hyperintense rim (70%), a slight oedema with mild mass effect (75%) and an open-rim peripheral enhancement (75%). Histopathology revealed that all cases featured macrophages distributed throughout, extensive demyelination, axonal preservation and absence of haemorrhagic changes. In the majority of cases, macrophages were the predominant inflammatory infiltrate and astrocytes were reactive and dystrophic. Aquaporin-4 staining was systematically preserved. After a mean follow-up of 5 years (1-12), 16/20 patients had a diagnosis of monophasic acute atypical inflammatory demyelinating lesion. One patient was diagnosed with MS and 3 with AQP4 negative NMOSD. DISCUSSION: Although imaging findings in patients with atypical inflammatory demyelinating lesions are heterogeneous, some common features such as peripheral DWI hyperintense rim with open-rim enhancement and absence of oedema argue in favour of a demyelinating lesion and should preclude a brain biopsy. In this context, AQP4 staining is systematically preserved and argues against an AQP4-positive NMOSD. Moreover, long-term follow-up is characterized by low recurrence rate.


Assuntos
Aquaporina 4 , Doenças Desmielinizantes/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças Desmielinizantes/epidemiologia , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Doença Aguda , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Esclerose Múltipla/diagnóstico por imagem , Esclerose Múltipla/epidemiologia , Neuromielite Óptica/diagnóstico por imagem , Neuromielite Óptica/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
14.
Emerg Infect Dis ; 24(8): 1594-1596, 2018 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30016251
15.
Haematologica ; 103(8): 1278-1287, 2018 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29724903

RESUMO

Heterozygous germline GATA2 mutations strongly predispose to leukemia, immunodeficiency, and/or lymphoedema. We describe a series of 79 patients (53 families) diagnosed since 2011, made up of all patients in France and Belgium, with a follow up of 2249 patients/years. Median age at first clinical symptoms was 18.6 years (range, 0-61 years). Severe infectious diseases (mycobacteria, fungus, and human papilloma virus) and hematologic malignancies were the most common first manifestations. The probability of remaining symptom-free was 8% at 40 years old. Among the 53 probands, 24 had missense mutations including 4 recurrent alleles, 21 had nonsense or frameshift mutations, 4 had a whole-gene deletion, 2 had splice defects, and 2 patients had complex mutations. There were significantly more cases of leukemia in patients with missense mutations (n=14 of 34) than in patients with nonsense or frameshift mutations (n=2 of 28). We also identify new features of the disease: acute lymphoblastic leukemia, juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia, fatal progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy related to the JC virus, and immune/inflammatory diseases. A revised International Prognostic Scoring System (IPSS) score allowed a distinction to be made between a stable disease and hematologic transformation. Chemotherapy is of limited efficacy, and has a high toxicity with severe infectious complications. As the mortality rate is high in our cohort (up to 35% at the age of 40), hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) remains the best choice of treatment to avoid severe infectious and/or hematologic complications. The timing of HSCT remains difficult to determine, but the earlier it is performed, the better the outcome.


Assuntos
Deficiência de GATA2/epidemiologia , Mutação em Linhagem Germinativa , Adulto Jovem , Adolescente , Adulto , Bélgica , Criança , Pré-Escolar , França , Deficiência de GATA2/complicações , Deficiência de GATA2/genética , Deficiência de GATA2/terapia , Neoplasias Hematológicas/etiologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Infecções/etiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mortalidade , Prognóstico , Inquéritos e Questionários
16.
J Neurooncol ; 137(3): 463-468, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29327175

RESUMO

Primary lymphomas of the central nervous system (PCNSL) are highly aggressive tumors affecting exclusively the CNS, meninges, and eyes. PCNSL must be separated from secondary spread of systemic lymphoma to the CNS (SCNSL), which may occur at diagnosis or relapse of systemic lymphomas. At present, there are no valid methods to distinguish PCNSL from SCNSL based on tumor biopsy because of similar histological presentation. However, SCNSL and PCNSL are different in terms of prognosis and adequate therapy protocols. MicroRNA expression profiles of CSF samples collected from SCNSL and PCNSL patients were compared using microRNA arrays. MiR-30c revealed the largest differential expression and was selected for validation by RT-PCR on 61 CSF samples from patients with PCNSL and 14 samples from SCNSL. MiR-30c was significantly increased in patients with SCNSL compared to PCNSL (p < 0.001). MiR-30c levels in CSF enabled the differentiation of patients with PCNSL from SCNSL with an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.86, with a sensitivity of 90.9% and a specificity of 85.5%. Our data suggest that miR-30c detected in the CSF can serve as biomarker for distinction between PCNSL and SCNSL. The validation in a larger cohort is needed. With respect to its function, miR-30c may facilitate lymphoma cells to engraft into CNS by interaction with CELSR3 gene that controls the function of ependymal cilia and, thus, affects the circulation of CSF.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Sistema Nervoso Central/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/líquido cefalorraquidiano , MicroRNAs/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Biomarcadores Tumorais/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Neoplasias do Sistema Nervoso Central/sangue , Neoplasias do Sistema Nervoso Central/secundário , Simulação por Computador , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Humanos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/sangue , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/patologia , Masculino , MicroRNAs/sangue , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Adulto Jovem
17.
Cytometry B Clin Cytom ; 94(1): 182-188, 2018 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27479326

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Central nervous system lymphomas are aggressive tumors requiring a prompt diagnosis for successful treatment. Stereotactic biopsy remains the standard procedure, but the time needed for histopathology is usually over 2 days. We evaluated the contribution of cytomorphology and flow cytometry to histopathology of the brain biopsy in particular on the rinse fluid usually removed. METHODS: Eighteen patients with suspected localized brain lymphoma underwent stereotactic brain biopsy. Brain biopsy tissue sample and/or brain biopsy rinse fluid were analyzed by cytomorphology combined with flow cytometry. Histopathology was used as a reference. RESULTS: Histopathology characterized ten diffuse large B-cell lymphomas and eight other diseases. Cytomorphology and flow cytometry showed lymphoma cells in nine out of the ten lymphomas. Three cytomorphology or flow cytometry negative results were reported for lymphomas in tissue samples due to low cellularity and biopsy sample conditioning. No lymphomatous cells were found by cytomorphology or flow cytometry in the eight other diseases. Rinse fluid results were consistent with histology in all cases studied (sensitivity and specificity, 100%). The median time to result was 4.5 days (range, 2-10 days) for histopathology, while 5 h (range, 3-20 h) were required for both cytomorphology and flow cytometry. CONCLUSIONS: Brain biopsy rinse fluid alleviates problems of tissue sample distribution compared to tissue sample. Its analysis performs the diagnosis of B-cell lymphoma in a few hours and, associated with histopathology, allows a multidisciplinary diagnosis. This study shows that cytomorphology combined with flow cytometry on brain biopsy rinse fluid is a new, fast, and useful strategy. © 2016 International Clinical Cytometry Society.


Assuntos
Encéfalo/patologia , Sistema Nervoso Central/patologia , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/diagnóstico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biópsia por Agulha Fina/métodos , Feminino , Citometria de Fluxo/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
18.
JAMA Neurol ; 74(11): 1368-1373, 2017 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28973119

RESUMO

Importance: Visual impairment in primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) is caused mostly by intraocular lymphomatous involvement (vitritis and retinal infiltration), whereas optic nerve infiltration (ONI) is a rare condition. Objective: To describe the clinical presentation of ONI, its imaging characteristics, and outcome. Design, Setting and Participants: A total of 752 patients diagnosed with PCNSL were retrospectively identified from the databases of 3 French hospitals from January 1, 1998, through December 31, 2014. Of these, 7 patients had documented ONI. Exclusion criteria were intraocular involvement, orbital lymphoma, or other systemic lymphoma. Clinical presentation, neuroimaging, biological features, treatment, and outcomes were assessed. Main Outcomes and Measures: Treatment response was evaluated clinically and radiologically on follow-up magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) according to the International PCNSL Collaborative Group response criteria. Results: The 7 patients included 5 women and 2 men. Median age at diagnosis was 65 years (range, 49-78 years). Two patients had initial ONI at diagnosis, and 5 had ONI at relapse. Clinical presentation was marked by rapidly progressive and severe visual impairment for all patients. The MRI findings showed optic nerve enlargement in 3 patients and contrast enhancement of the optic nerve in all patients. Additional CNS lesions were seen in 4 patients. Examination of cerebrospinal fluid samples detected lymphomatous meningitis in 2 patients. Clinical outcome was poor and marked by partial recovery for 2 patients and persistent severe low visual acuity or blindness for 5 patients. Median progression-free survival after optic nerve infiltration was 11 months (95% CI, 9-13 months), and median overall survival was 18 months (95% CI, 9-27 months). Conclusions and Relevance: Optic nerve infiltration is an atypical and challenging presentation of PCNSL. Its visual and systemic prognosis is particularly poor compared with vitreoretinal lymphomas even in response to chemotherapy. Although intraocular involvement is frequent in PCNSL and clinically marked by slowly progressive visual deterioration, lymphomatous ONI is rare and characterized by rapidly progressive severe visual impairment.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Sistema Nervoso Central/complicações , Linfoma/complicações , Doenças do Nervo Óptico/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças do Nervo Óptico/patologia , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças do Nervo Óptico/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
20.
J Neurooncol ; 133(2): 315-320, 2017 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28432587

RESUMO

Primary CNS lymphoma (PCNSL) is chemosensitive to high-dose methotrexate-based chemotherapy. However, responses in the elderly are short-lasting and outcome is poor. Given that radiotherapy and intensive chemotherapy expose elderly to severe toxicities, alternative consolidation approaches need to be evaluated. In this multicenter study, we retrospectively analyzed consecutive patients with newly-diagnosed PCNSL, aged >60, treated with a (R)-MPV-AAA regimen. The regimen consisted of three 28-day cycles of methotrexate (3.5 g/m2 D1, D15), procarbazine, vincristine, followed by three 28-day cycles of cytarabine consolidation (3 g/m2 D1-2). Addition of rituximab (375 mg/m2 D1) was optional. The results were compared with the historical MPV-A regimen. Ninety patients received the (R)-MPV-AAA regimen with (n = 39) or without (n = 51) rituximab. Median age was 68 and median KPS 60. 55% of patients achieved a complete response, 8% a partial response and 37% progressed. The median PFS was 10 months, the median OS 28.1 months. Toxicity was mainly hematological, with 54 and 51% of grade III-IV neutropenia and thrombopenia. The response rate was higher in patients receiving rituximab (77 vs. 53%; p = 0.03), whereas no difference was observed in terms of PFS or OS. When comparing the results to the historical MPV-A, there was no difference in terms of response rate, PFS or OS, but a higher rate of hematotoxicity. This study suggests that extending cytarabine consolidation after methotrexate-based chemotherapy does not improve the MPV-A efficacy but increases toxicity in the elderly. The addition of rituximab may improve the response rate, but its impact on final outcome remains unclear.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias do Sistema Nervoso Central/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Terapia Combinada , Citarabina/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Avaliação de Estado de Karnofsky , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Procarbazina/uso terapêutico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Rituximab/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento
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