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1.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 96: 599-605, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30606571

RESUMO

Superhydrophobic substrates facilitate low adhesion for biological liquid handling but are hampered by wetting state changes due to condensation. Here, meshed near-superhydrophobic substrates, that are easier to produce than two-tiered architecture substrates, are shown to provide good immunity to wetting state changes while imbuing high positional resistance to roll-off by tilting when tested with 5 and 10 µL volume drops (18° and 13° respectively) of human IgG antibodies in aqueous solution at both room temperature and 4 °C. Pneumatic actuation was applied to elicit horizontal drop movement over the near-SH surface without any fragmentation, wherein higher velocities can be achieved when smaller drops and higher air pressures are used (0.385 m/s at 33 mbar with the 5 µL drop). A non-contact mode of translating a protein drop towards a highly viscous oil-based adjuvant dispensed from a steel tip allowed for both drops to be combined and aspirated back up into the tip such that subsequent repeated cycles of pendant drop formation and upward aspiration allows for effective mixing to achieve a stable emulsion. The findings here advance the development of devices that enable improved antigen-adjuvant preparation by reducing the amount of reagents required and product losses from surface adsorption.


Assuntos
Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Imunoglobulina G/química , Emulsões , Humanos
2.
ACS Omega ; 3(8): 9310-9317, 2018 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31459064

RESUMO

Facile creation of multiple drops at appropriate volumes on surfaces without the use of sophisticated instrumentation facilitates downstream evaporative preconcentration of liquid samples for analytical purposes. In this work, a superhydrophobic (SH) substrate comprising wells with a perforated mesh base was developed for simultaneous drop creation in a quick and convenient manner. In contrast to the method of pouring liquid directly over the SH wells, consistent liquid filling was readily achieved by a simple immersion approach. This method works well even for challenging situations where well diameters are smaller than 3.4 mm. Despite the poor liquid-retention properties of SH surfaces, inverting the wells did not result in liquid detachment under gravitational force, indicating strong pinning effects afforded by the well architecture. The perforated base of the well allowed the liquid to be completely removed from the well by compressed air. High-speed camera image processing was used to study the evolution of drop contact angle and displacement with time. It was found that the liquid body was able to undergo strong oscillations. Optical spectroscopy was used to confirm the ability of evaporative preconcentration of silver nanoparticles.

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