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1.
J Diabetes Res ; 2020: 5295328, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32025522

RESUMO

Background: Many Type 2 diabetes (T2DM) patients in Korea take Korean Red Ginseng (KRG) for various reasons. In this study, we investigated the effects of KRG administration on diabetic peripheral neuropathy in T2DM patients. Methods: This study was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Participants were randomly allocated to either the placebo or KRG group and took corresponding tablets for 24 weeks. The primary outcomes were changes in current perception threshold (CPT) at week 24. Secondary outcomes were altered fasting plasma glucose, HbA1c, and various metabolic and inflammatory markers at week 24. Results: Sixty-one patients completed the study. The CPT of the lower extremities at various frequencies exhibited significant improvements at week 24 in the KRG group. Other metabolic parameters were not altered after 24 weeks in both groups. In the subgroup analysis, CPT levels were improved in those with a longer diabetes duration or who already had neuropathy at the beginning of the study, and insulin resistance was improved in patients with a shorter diabetes duration. Conclusion: Twenty-four week administration of KRG in T2DM patients resulted in a significant improvement in neuropathy, especially in those with a longer diabetes duration. A further, larger population study with a longer follow-up period is warranted to verify the effects of KRG on diabetic neuropathy.

2.
Anatol J Cardiol ; 23(2): 86-98, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32011324

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Currently, there are limited comparative data concerning long-term major clinical outcomes following the angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) and angiotensin II type 1 (AT1) receptor blockers (ARBs) therapy in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) with dyslipidemia after a successful stent implantation. Therefore, we investigated major clinical outcomes for 2 years following the ACEIs and ARBs therapy in these patients. METHODS: A total of 3015 patients with AMI who underwent a successful stent implantation and were prescribed ACEIs (n=2175) or ARBs (n=840) were enrolled into the study from the Korea AMI Registry (KAMIR). The major clinical endpoint was the occurrence of major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) defined as all-cause death, recurrent myocardial infarction (Re-MI), and any repeat-revascularization-comprised target lesion revascularization (TLR), target vessel revascularization (TVR), and non-TVR. RESULTS: After the adjustment, the cumulative incidence of all-cause death in the ARBs group was significantly higher than in the ACEIs group [adjusted hazard ratio (aHR), 2.277; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.154-4.495; p=0.018]. The cumulative incidences of MACEs (aHR, 1.305; 95% CI, 0.911-1.869; p=0.146), cardiac death, Re-MI, any repeat revascularization, TLR, TVR, and non-TVR were similar between the two groups. In addition, an advanced age (≥65 years), decreased left ventricular ejection fraction (<50%), and cardiopulmonary resuscitation on admission were meaningful independent predictors for all-cause death in this study. CONCLUSION: ACEIs were a preferred treatment modality when compared to ARBs for patients with AMI with dyslipidemia who underwent a successful stent implantation to reduce the incidences of all-cause death during a 2-year follow-up. However, additional research is required to determine the clinical implications of these results.

3.
J Natl Compr Canc Netw ; 18(1): 69-79, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31910381

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Alcohol use is an established risk factor for several malignancies and is associated with adverse oncologic outcomes among individuals diagnosed with cancer. The prevalence and patterns of alcohol use among cancer survivors are poorly described. METHODS: We used the National Health Interview Survey from 2000 to 2017 to examine alcohol drinking prevalence and patterns among adults reporting a cancer diagnosis. Multivariable logistic regression was used to define the association between demographic and socioeconomic variables and odds of self-reporting as a current drinker, exceeding moderate drinking limits, and engaging in binge drinking. The association between specific cancer type and odds of drinking were assessed. RESULTS: Among 34,080 survey participants with a known cancer diagnosis, 56.5% self-reported as current drinkers, including 34.9% who exceeded moderate drinking limits and 21.0% who engaged in binge drinking. Younger age, smoking history, and more recent survey period were associated with higher odds of current, exceeding moderate, and binge drinking (P<.001 for all, except P=.008 for excess drinking). Similar associations persisted when the cohort was limited to 20,828 cancer survivors diagnosed ≥5 years before survey administration. Diagnoses of melanoma and cervical, head and neck, and testicular cancers were associated with higher odds of binge drinking (P<.05 for all) compared with other cancer diagnoses. CONCLUSIONS: Most cancer survivors self-report as current alcohol drinkers, including a subset who seem to engage in excessive drinking behaviors. Given that alcohol intake has implications for cancer prevention and is a potentially modifiable risk factor for cancer-specific outcomes, the high prevalence of alcohol use among cancer survivors highlights the need for public health strategies aimed at the reduction of alcohol consumption.

4.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 13(1): 62-71, 2020 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31918944

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to evaluate whether the beneficial effect of use of intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) is sustained for long-term follow-up. BACKGROUND: The use of IVUS promoted favorable 1-year clinical outcome in the IVUS-XPL (Impact of Intravascular Ultrasound Guidance on the Outcomes of Xience Prime Stents in Long Lesions) trial. It is not known, however, whether this effect is sustained for long-term follow-up. METHODS: The IVUS-XPL trial randomized 1,400 patients with long coronary lesions (implanted stent length ≥28 mm) to receive IVUS-guided (n = 700) or angiography-guided (n = 700) everolimus-eluting stent implantation. Five-year clinical outcomes were investigated in patients who completed the original trial. The primary outcome was the composite of major adverse cardiac events, including cardiac death, target lesion-related myocardial infarction, or ischemia-driven target lesion revascularization at 5 years, analyzed by intention-to-treat. RESULTS: Five-year follow-up was completed in 1,183 patients (85%). Major adverse cardiac events at 5 years occurred in 36 patients (5.6%) receiving IVUS guidance and in 70 patients (10.7%) receiving angiographic guidance (hazard ratio: 0.50; 95% confidence interval: 0.34 to 0.75; p = 0.001). The difference was driven mainly by a lower risk for target lesion revascularization (31 [4.8%] vs. 55 [8.4%]; hazard ratio: 0.54; 95% confidence interval: 0.33 to 0.89; p = 0.007). By landmark analysis, major adverse cardiac events between 1 and 5 years occurred in 17 patients (2.8%) receiving IVUS guidance and in 31 patients (5.2%) receiving angiographic guidance (hazard ratio: 0.53; 95% confidence interval: 0.29 to 0.95; p = 0.031). CONCLUSIONS: Compared with angiography-guided stent implantation, IVUS-guided stent implantation resulted in a significantly lower rate of major adverse cardiac events up to 5 years. Sustained 5-year clinical benefits resulted from both within 1 year and from 1 to 5 years post-implantation. (Impact of Intravascular Ultrasound Guidance on the Outcomes of Xience Prime Stents in Long Lesions [IVUS-XPL Study]: Retrospective and Prospective Follow-Up Study; NCT03866486).

5.
J Behav Med ; 2020 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31950393

RESUMO

Although dispositional optimism and pessimism are associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD), their relative independence and unique contributions to CVD risk are unclear. This study addressed these issues by using multiple indicators of optimism and pessimism and linking them to objective risk factors for CVD. A diverse sample of adults (N = 300) completed baseline assessments (including global reports of optimism and pessimism), a 2-day/1-night EMA protocol with ambulatory blood pressure (BP) at 45-min intervals, and had inflammatory markers and carotid intima media imaging collected. EMA reports of momentary positive and negative expectations were averaged to form intraindividual (person) means of optimism and pessimism, respectively. Optimism and pessimism were only modestly correlated between- and within-assessment methods. Higher pessimism, regardless of assessment method, predicted both lower odds of whether BP dipping occurred and a smaller degree of dipping, but was unrelated to other biomarkers. Optimism was not uniquely predictive of CVD risk factors. Pessimism thus appears to exhibit stronger relative contribution to risk indicators of CVD than optimism.

6.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 2020 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31918036

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The percutaneous access site of transfemoral transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) procedures is commonly closed using a preclosure technique with suture-type closure devices. We sought to evaluate the predictors and outcomes of percutaneous closure device (PCD) failure during transfemoral TAVI. METHODS AND RESULTS: This single-center retrospective analysis included 184 patients who underwent transfemoral TAVI using 2 ProGlide sutures for severe aortic stenosis between July 2011 and September 2018. PCD failure was observed in 11.4%. The causes of PCD failure included 5 cases of insufficient hemostasis, 13 cases of arterial stenosis or occlusion, and 3 cases of dissection. Closure failures were managed by surgical repair in 10 patients and endovascular treatment in 11 patients. In a multivariate binary logistic model, a minimum lumen diameter of the common femoral artery (CFA) (odds ratio [OR] 0.35, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.15-0.83, P = 0.017) and left femoral access (OR 2.89, 95% CI 1.01-8.30, P = 0.048) was identified as a predictor of PCD failure. PCD failure was not associated with increased mortality (0% vs. 2.5%, P = 1.000) or a major adverse cardiovascular event (MACE; 4.8% vs. 4.3%, P = 1.000) at 30 days. CONCLUSIONS: PCD failures were not uncommon in patients undergoing percutaneous transfemoral TAVI. Small CFA diameter and left femoral access are predictors of PCD failure. However, PCD failures were not associated with increased mortality or MACE.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31957982

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study analyzed treatment and outcomes in patients with primary extrahepatic malignancy (EHM) incidentally diagnosed during pretransplant evaluation for living donor liver transplantation (LDLT). METHODS: Of 4621 adult patients undergoing LDLT over 19 years, 41 were diagnosed with EHM shortly before LDLT (incidental malignancy group), and 92 had been treated for EHM more than 6 months before LDLT (treated malignancy group). RESULTS: Most common EHMs were colorectal, thyroid, and stomach cancers in the incidental malignancy group; and stomach, breast, thyroid, colorectal, and renal cell cancers and lymphoma in the treated malignancy group. Mean interval between EHM diagnosis and LDLT in the incidental malignancy group was 1.5 ± 1.6 months. Of the 41 patients in this group, 15 (35.6%), seven (17.1%), and 16 (39.0%) underwent EHM treatment before, during, and after LDLT, respectively, whereas three (7.3%) underwent observation alone. During a mean follow-up of 70.1 ± 50.8 months, six (14.6%) patients showed tumor recurrence, and three (7.3%) died of tumor progression. All recurrences developed in patients with tumor stages higher than the earliest stage. The mean interval between EHM diagnosis and LDLT in treated malignancy group was 79.8 ± 79.6 months. During a mean follow-up of 63.2 ± 54.1 months, three (3.3%) patients showed tumor recurrence and one (1.1%) died of tumor progression. The incidence of EHM recurrence was significantly higher (P = .025), and the overall post-transplant patient survival rate was significantly lower (P = .046), in the incidental malignancy than in the treated malignancy group. CONCLUSIONS: Only patients with earliest-stage EHM detected shortly before LDLT are indicated for upfront LDLT combined with peritransplant EHM treatment.

8.
Am J Cardiol ; 125(3): 320-327, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31780076

RESUMO

Limited data exist on the long-term efficacy of extended dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) after left main coronary artery (LMCA) bifurcation stenting. This study investigated the long-term clinical outcomes associated with long-term DAPT after LMCA bifurcation stenting. Using data from the multicenter KOMATE and COBIS registries, we analyzed 1,142 patients who received a drug-eluting stent for a LMCA bifurcation lesion and who experienced no adverse events for 12 months after the index procedure. Patients were divided into 2 groups: DAPT >12 months (n = 769) and DAPT ≤12 months (n = 373). The primary end point was major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs), as a composite of cardiac death, myocardial infarction, stroke, and stent thrombosis, over 5 years of follow-up. We further performed propensity score adjustment for clinical outcomes. DAPT >12 months afforded a lower MACE rate than DAPT ≤12 months (2.3% vs 5.4%, adjusted hazard ratio [HR] 0.37; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.19 to 0.71; p = 0.003). The use of DAPT for >12 months was an independent predictor of a reduced likelihood of MACEs (HR 0.34; 95% CI 0.17 to 0.67; p = 0.002). A DAPT score ≥2, chronic kidney disease, and age >75 years were significant independent predictors of MACEs. In subgroup analysis, the use of DAPT for >12 months consistently resulted in better clinical outcomes across all subgroups, especially among patients with ACS, compared with the use of DAPT for ≤12 months. In conclusion, an extended duration of DAPT reduces MACE rates after LMCA bifurcation stenting.

9.
Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol ; 40(1): 288-295, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31766872

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to determine the impact of late-acquired stent malapposition (LASM) on long-term clinical outcomes in patients treated with coronary stent implantation. Approach and Results: We investigated major adverse cardiac event during 10 years after 6-month intravascular ultrasound examination using our previous studies database. A total of 732 patients treated with bare-metal stent (54 LASM versus 678 non-LASM) and 529 patients treated with first-generation drug-eluting stent (82 LASM versus 447 non-LASM), who did not have clinical event or censoring at the time of follow-up intravascular ultrasound, were included for the present analysis. major adverse cardiac event was defined as the composite of cardiac death, target vessel-related myocardial infarction, target lesion revascularization and stent thrombosis. Multivariable adjustment and inverse probability weight were performed to consider baseline differences. After multivariable adjustment, LASM was related to a greater risk of major adverse cardiac event (hazard ratio, 1.666 [95% CI, 1.041-2.665]; P=0.0333) and very-late stent thrombosis (hazard ratio, 3.529 [95% CI, 1.153-10.798]; P=0.0271) than non-LASM in patients treated with first-generation drug-eluting stent, but not in those treated with bare-metal stent. Results were consistent after inverse probability weight. Among patients with LASM of first-generation drug-eluting stent, no late stent thrombosis occurred in patients who continued to receive dual antiplatelet therapy. CONCLUSIONS: The relationship between LASM and major adverse cardiac event might depend on the type of implanted stents during the long-term follow-up, highlighting the clinical significance of polymers and drugs in drug-eluting stent system.

10.
Angiology ; 71(2): 139-149, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31694385

RESUMO

The relative superiority of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) and angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) on long-term clinical outcomes in patients with non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) with preserved left ventricular systolic function in the era of new generation drug-eluting stents is not well established. A total of 6436 patients with NSTEMI (ACEIs group: n = 3965 vs ARBs group: n = 2471) were enrolled. The major clinical end point was the occurrences of major adverse cardiac events (MACEs), defined as all-cause death, recurrent myocardial infarction (re-MI), and any repeat revascularization. After propensity score matching analysis, the cumulative incidences of MACEs (hazard ratio, 1.334; 95% confidence interval, 1.045-1.703; P = .021), any repeat revascularization, and target vessel revascularization (TVR) in the ARB group were significantly higher than that in the ACEI group. However, the cumulative incidences of all-cause death, cardiac death, re-MI, target lesion revascularization, and non-TVR were similar between the 2 groups. Hence, although the mortality and re-MI reduction benefits were similar between the 2 groups, the ACEIs group showed more prominent ability to decrease the occurrences of MACEs, any repeat revascularization, and TVR compared to the ARBs group in these patients during a 2-year follow-up period.


Assuntos
Antagonistas de Receptores de Angiotensina/uso terapêutico , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/uso terapêutico , Stents Farmacológicos , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/cirurgia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sístole/fisiologia , Função Ventricular Esquerda/fisiologia
11.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 95(1): 154-164, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31460693

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the incidence, predictors, and outcomes of distal vessel expansion on intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) after recanalization of chronic total occlusion (CTO) particularly using new-generation drug-eluting stent (DES). BACKGROUND: The luminal changes of narrowed vessels distal to CTO segments after recanalization using new-generation DES have rarely been studied. METHODS: This substudy of the CTO-IVUS (Chronic Total Occlusion InterVention with drUg-eluting Stents) trial included a total of 69 new-generation DES-treated CTOs with serial matched IVUS analyses at index percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and at 1-year follow-up. The predictors of distal vessel expansion, any increase of lumen area at the distal reference (LAdistal ) on 1-year follow-up IVUS, were evaluated by multivariable binary logistic analyses. RESULTS: Distal vessel expansion was identified in 46 (67%). Independent determinants of distal vessel expansion were proximal CTO, a smaller LAdistal at the index PCI, a greater minimal stent area-to-LAdistal (MSA-to-LAdistal ) ratio, and a greater lumen area at the distal stent edge-to-LAdistal (LAedge -to-LAdistal ) ratio. The cut-off values of a MSA-to-LAdistal ratio and a LAedge -to-LAdistal ratio predicting the distal vessel expansion by receiver operating characteristic curve analysis were 1.0 and 1.1, respectively. During the median 5.1 years, rates of target vessel revascularization, cardiac death, and stent thrombosis were similar in the distal vessel-expanded and nonexpanded groups. CONCLUSION: After opening CTO with new-generation DES, two-thirds of patients exhibited distal vessel expansion on 1-year follow-up IVUS. Expansion determinants were a proximal CTO, lower LAdistal , and larger stent areas relative to the LAdistal (modifiable procedural predictors).

12.
J Diabetes ; 12(2): 119-133, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31420948

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hypertension and diabetes mellitus (DM) are major risk factors for the cardiovascular disease. In this retrospective cohort study, we compared the long-term clinical outcomes between antecedent hypertension and DM in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients after stent implantation. METHODS: A total of 32 938 eligible AMI patients were enrolled and divided into the four groups according to the presence or absence of hypertension and DM (hypertension -/DM -[group A, 13 773 patients], hypertension +/DM -[group B, 10 395 patients], hypertension -/DM + [group C, 3050 patients], and hypertension +/DM + [group D, 5720 patients]). The clinical endpoint was the cumulative incidence of major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) defined as all-cause death, recurrent myocardial infarction (Re-MI) and any repeat revascularization during the 2-year follow-up period. RESULTS: After adjustment, the cumulative incidence of MACEs (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR], 1.232; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.982-1.567; P = .071), all-cause death, and e-MI Re-MI were similar between the group B and C. However, the cumulative incidences of any repeat revascularization (aHR, 1.438; 95% CI, 1.062-1.997; P = .007), target lesion revascularization (TLR) (aHR, 2.467; 95% CI, 1.552-3.922; P < .001), and target vessel revascularization (TVR) (aHR, 1.671; 95% CI, 1.256-2.222; P < .001) were significantly higher in group C compared with group B. CONCLUSIONS: This large number of a nonrandomized and multicenter cohort study clearly demonstrated the detrimental impacts of the hypertension and diabetes on long-term clinical outcomes. Moreover, higher incidence of repeat revascularization after PCI in diabetic AMI patients a major concern until recently.

13.
Circ J ; 84(2): 161-168, 2020 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31839621

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Evaluate the safety and efficacy of guideline-recommended risk score-directed dual antiplatelet therapy (GD-DAPT) based on THE PRECISE-DAPT score after 2nd-generation drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation.Methods and Results:We analyzed 5,131 patients pooled from 4 clinical trials. Patients were divided into 3 groups according to current recommendations on the duration of DAPT and their actual DAPT duration: GD-DAPT (n=2,183), shorter DAPT (n=1,540), longer DAPT (n=1,408). The primary endpoint was the rate of net adverse clinical events (NACE) during the first 12 months. The secondary endpoints were ischemic or bleeding events. Overall, GD-DAPT did not affect NACE (1.2% vs. 1.2% for shorter DAPT and 1.7% for longer DAPT) or bleeding events (0.6% vs. 0.5% and 0.9%), and there were fewer ischemic events (2.8% vs. 4.4% and 4.0%, P=0.03) than with shorter DAPT. Especially in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients, GD-DAPT had fewer NACE (1.5% vs. 1.4% and 4.2%; P=0.006) and bleeding events (0.8% vs. 0.5% and 2.8%; P=0.001) than longer DAPT as well as fewer ischemic events (2.8% vs. 4.4% and 4.7%; P=0.03) than shorter DAPT. CONCLUSIONS: GD-DAPT did not affect NACE or bleeding events and reduced the number of ischemic events at 12 months compared with shorter DAPT. For ACS, GD-DAPT was associated with favorable outcomes compared with non-GD-DAPT. Therefore, GD-DAPT may optimize efficacy and safety.

14.
Support Care Cancer ; 28(3): 1481-1489, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31273506

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We conducted a randomized, double-blind, vehicle-controlled clinical trial to investigate the use of a new proprietary hyaluronan (HA) formulation for the prevention of acute skin toxicity in breast cancer patients undergoing radiotherapy (RT). METHODS: Thirty women with breast cancer undergoing whole breast RT were enrolled. Each patient was randomly assigned to HA formulation (study cream, S) on the medial or lateral half of the irradiated breast and the control cream (placebo, P) on the other half. The primary endpoint was physician's evaluation of skin symptoms at week 5 during RT and week 2 post-RT. We also collected patients' independent assessment of skin after RT, patient's product preference, and an independent physician panel assessment of skin reactions based on photographs. RESULTS: Twenty-eight patients were evaluable. On physician's evaluation, there was no significant difference in radiation dermatitis between S and P and no overall preference to either cream at week 5 during or week 2 post-RT. More patients preferred S in evaluating skin appearance and skin reactions, but this did not reach statistical significance. Univariate analysis showed that physicians had an overall preference to the S cream at week 2 post-RT in patients with larger breasts. On the independent panel assessment, 3 reviewers saw no significant difference in radiation toxicity, whereas one reviewer reported better skin outcome with S cream at week 5. CONCLUSIONS: We found a nonstatistically significant patient preference but overall no significant radioprotective effects for this HA formulation compared with placebo except in patients with larger breasts. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The study was registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov (NCT02165605).

15.
Coron Artery Dis ; 31(2): 174-183, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31219843

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: For diabetic patients with multivessel coronary artery disease (MVD), limited data exist on the long-term outcomes of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) versus coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) according to clinical presentation [stable coronary artery disease (SCAD) or non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS)]. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From a Korean multicenter registry, we analyzed 1135 diabetic patients with MVD treated with PCI (n = 660) or CABG (n = 475). After propensity score matching, 8-year major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events [MACCE; composite of all-cause death, myocardial infarction (MI), or stroke] were compared between PCI and CABG according to clinical presentation. RESULTS: After matching, MACCE was not different between PCI and CABG for SCAD patients [15.6 vs. 17.2%, hazard ratio (HR) = 0.94, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.55-1.63, P = 0.837], whereas it was higher in PCI than in CABG for NSTE-ACS patients (31.1 vs. 22.4%, HR = 1.63, 95% CI = 1.03-2.59, P = 0.036), mainly driven by the higher MI occurrence (HR = 2.18, 95% CI = 1.04-4.59, P = 0.035). A significant interaction between revascularization strategy and clinical presentation was observed for MACCE (P-interaction = 0.022). However, when PCI was further classified according to revascularization completeness, the treatment gap between PCI and CABG with respect to MI in NSTE-ACS patients was improved by complete-revascularization PCI. CONCLUSION: Among diabetic patients with MVD, the long-term outcomes of PCI versus CABG differed according to clinical presentation. CABG may be more beneficial for NSTE-ACS patients with MVD in reducing MACCE and MI, whereas PCI was as effective as CABG for SCAD patients with MVD. Therefore, clinical presentation must be considered when choosing revascularization strategies in these patients.

16.
Int J Cardiol ; 299: 81-86, 2020 01 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31279662

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Optical coherence tomography (OCT) was used to assess serial changes in severe acute stent malapposition (ASM) after drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation. METHODS: The maximal depth and axial lengths of ASM after DES implantation were serially quantified at percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), and at 3 and 12-month follow-up, for 100 lesions in 96 patients. Severe ASM was defined as a maximal malapposed depth ≥400 µm or maximal malapposed axial length ≥1 mm. RESULTS: Of the 100 lesions, 23 lesions (23%) had a severe ASM depth at PCI. At 3 months, the maximal depth decreased to <400 µm in 12 of 23 lesions (52%). At 12 months, the maximal depth further decreased to <400 µm in 8 of the remaining 11 lesions (73%). Similarly, of 53 lesions (53%) with a severe ASM length at PCI, the maximal length decreased to 0 mm in 26 (49%) but remained severe in 17 lesions (32%) at 3 months. At 12 months, 9 of the 17 remaining lesions (53%) further decreased to 0 mm. The cut-off values for the maximal malapposed depth and length to predict the absence of stent malapposition at 12 months were 565 µm at PCI and 165 µm at 3 months, and were 2.7 mm at PCI and 0.1 mm at 3 months, respectively. CONCLUSION: Half of the severe ASM cases resolved within 3 months, and another half resolved during 3-12 months of follow-up. Our findings provide a better understanding of the time-dependent natural course of severe ASM using OCT.

17.
EuroIntervention ; 2019 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31829943

RESUMO

AIMS: We sought to investigate the incidence, predictors, and clinical outcomes of stent optimisation on intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) in long coronary lesions treated with new-generation drug-eluting stents (DESs). METHODS AND RESULTS: From four randomised trials comparing IVUS and angiography guidance in long (≥26 mm) or chronic total occlusion coronary lesions, a total of 1,396 patients who underwent IVUS-guided intervention were classified into two groups (Stent-optimisation and Non-optimisation) according to optimisation criteria [minimal stent area (MSA) ≥5.5 mm2 or 80% of mean reference lumen area (MLA)]. Major adverse cardiac event (MACE) occurrence, defined as a composite of cardiac death, myocardial infarction, stent thrombosis, or target-vessel revascularisation, was compared. Stent optimisation was not met in 578 (41%) patients. Predictors of non-optimisation were older age, longer lesion length, and smaller stent diameter. MACE rate was significantly higher in the Non-optimisation vs. the Stent-optimisation group (4.8% vs. 1.9%, log-rank P=0.002; adjusted hazard ratio=2.95, 95% confidence interval=1.43-6.06). Among possible combinations of absolute and relative expansion criteria, the combination best predicting MACE was MSA ≥5.4 mm2 or 80% of MLA (Youden index=0.264). CONCLUSIONS: Achieving stent optimisation on IVUS evaluation was associated with favourable outcomes in IVUS-guided, new-generation DES implantation for long coronary lesions including CTO.

18.
Ann Transplant ; 24: 639-646, 2019 Dec 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31844037

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Because of the supply shortage for homologous vein allografts, we previously used ringed Gore-Tex vascular grafts for middle hepatic vein (MHV) reconstruction in living donor liver transplantation. However, owing to the subsequent unavailability of ringed Gore-Tex grafts, we replaced them with Hemashield vascular grafts. This study aimed to compare the patency of Hemashield grafts with that of ringed Gore-Tex grafts. MATERIAL AND METHODS This was a retrospective double-arm study between the study group that used Hemashield grafts (n=63) and the historical control group that used ringed Gore-Tex grafts (n=126). RESULTS In the Gore-Tex and Hemashield groups, mean age was 53.1±6.2 and 54.3±10.4 years; model for end-stage liver disease score was 16.5±8.3 and 17.5±9.9; and graft-recipient weight ratio was 1.11±0.23 and 1.12±0.25, respectively. In the Gore-Tex graft group, V5 reconstruction was done in single (n=107, 84.9%), double (n=17, 13.5%), and none (n=2, 1.6%). V8 reconstruction was done in single (n=95, 75.4%), double (n=1, 0.8%), and none (n=30, 23.8%). In the Hemashield group, V5 reconstruction was done in single (n=43, 68.3%), double (n=19, 30.2%), and triple (n=1, 1.6%). V8 reconstruction was done in single (n=45, 71.4%), double (n=9, 14.3%), and none (n=9, 14.3%). One-year conduit patency rates in the Gore-Tex and Hemashield groups were 54.8% and 71.6%, respectively (p=0.048). CONCLUSIONS MHV reconstruction using Hemashield vascular grafts demonstrated higher short-term patency rates than those associated with ringed Gore-Tex vascular grafts. We suggest that the Hemashield vascular graft is one of the best prosthetic materials for MHV reconstruction.

19.
Diabetes Res Clin Pract ; 160: 107994, 2019 Dec 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31881240

RESUMO

AIMS: We investigated the 2-year clinical outcomes of patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and prediabetes after new-generation drug-eluting stents implantation. METHODS: A total of 11,962 patients with AMI were classified into normoglycemia (group A; 3,080), prediabetes (group B; 3,709), and diabetes (group C; 5,173) groups. The primary outcomes were the patient-oriented composite outcomes (POCOs) defined as all-cause death, recurrent myocardial infarction (Re-MI), and any repeat revascularization. Secondary outcomes were the individual components of POCOs and stent thrombosis (ST). RESULTS: POCOs in groups B and C were significantly higher than those in group A. Cardiac death (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR]: 1.957, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.126-3.402; p = 0.017) and any repeat revascularization (aHR: 1.597, 95% CI: 1.052-2.424; p = 0.028) rates were significantly higher in group B than in group A. Re-MI (aHR: 1.884, 95% CI: 1.201-2.954; p = 0.006) and death or MI (aHR: 1.438, 95% CI: 1.098-1.884; p = 0.008) were significantly higher in group C than in group B. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, prediabetes showed bad clinical outcomes post AMI. However, larger randomized controlled studies including ethnically diverse population are needed to confirm these harmful cardiovascular effects of prediabetes in the future.

20.
Adv Respir Med ; 87(5): 281-288, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31680228

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Pleural fluid culture yield in tuberculous pleural effusion (TPE) is disappointing in immunocompetent hosts. Herein, we attempt to define the role of serial sputum cultures in the diagnosis of TPE. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We identified cases diagnosed with TPE over a16-year period in ahigh-prevalence US hospital. Absolute yields of one, two, and three sputa were calculated as well as the incremental yield of adding second and third sputa. These calculations were then performed separately for expectorated and induced sputum and for patients with and without infiltrates on chest X-ray. RESULTS: Sixty sputum collections were performed in 46 patients with TPE. The per-patient sensitivity of sputum culture was 45.6%. On aper-sputum collection basis, the overall yield of the first sputum was 30%, of two sputa 39%, and of three sputa 54%. The corresponding incremental yields were 9% and 15%, respectively. The three-sputum yields of expectorated and induced collections were similar. The three-sputum yield in patients with infiltrates on X-ray was 11% lower than that in those without infiltrates. CONCLUSIONS: Serial sputum collection of three specimens can be expected to produce ayield of > 50% in cases of suspected TPE regardless of whether obtained by expectoration or induction, and the yield increases incrementally.

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