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1.
Front Oncol ; 11: 741145, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34733784

RESUMO

Background: Studies have reported that diabetes is related to the prognosis of upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) after radical nephroureterectomy (RNU), but this conclusion is still controversial. Here, we performed a meta-analysis to comprehensively explore the association between diabetes and UTUC prognosis. Methods: In November 2020, we searched PubMed, Web of science and the Cochrane Library to find relevant studies that evaluated the effect of diabetes on the prognosis of UTUC. The Newcastle Ottawa Scale was used to assess the quality of the literature. Review Manager 5.3 was used to pool cancer-specific survival (CSS), overall survival (OS), recurrence-free survival (RFS) and intravesical recurrence (IVR). Results: A total of 10 studies with 11,303 patients were included in this meta-analysis. Our pooled results showed that diabetes did not affect the survival outcome of UTUC, including CSS (HR: 1.33, 95% CI: 0.89-1.98; P = 0.16), OS (HR: 1.18, 95% CI: 0.77-1.80; P = 0.45) and RFS (HR: 1.37, 95% CI: 0.91-2.05; P = 0.13). However, diabetes increased the risk of IVR of UTUC patients (HR: 1.26, 95% CI: 1.11-1.43; P = 0.0004). Conclusion: Although diabetes has no significant impact on the survival outcomes of UTUC after RNU, it increases the risk of IVR. Therefore, special attention should be paid to monitoring the IVR for UTUC patients with diabetes and the necessity of appropriate intravesical adjuvant treatment when needed.

2.
Front Surg ; 8: 726233, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34760915

RESUMO

Background: Urolithiasis is the most common complication of horseshoe kidney (HK), which can be treated by extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL), flexible ureteroscopy (FURS), and percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). When comparing treatments of ESWL and FURS, it is unclear which is more efficient and safe. The objective of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of FURS and SWL for the treatment of urolithiasis in HK patients. Methods: A systematic search of the Web of Science, PubMed, and EMBASE was performed in February 2021. Newcastle-Ottawa Scale (NOS) was used to assess the risk of bias in each study. Results: Five studies published between 2008 and 2018 were synthesized in the present meta-analysis. The study revealed that FURS compared with SWL had greater initial and overall stone-free rates (SFRs). Risk ratios (RRs) were 2.46 (P < 0.00001) in initial SFRs, 1.36 (P = 0.02) in overall SFRs. No differences were found in the retreatment ratio, RRs were 0.49 (P = 0.43). In addition, no major complications were encountered, and all the complications were mild to moderate. Conclusion: The study demonstrated that FURS and SWL are effective and safe treatments for patients with HK with stones (<20 mm). Moreover, FURS has greater clearance rates and lower complication rates than SWL.

3.
J Mater Chem B ; 2021 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34761794

RESUMO

Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a potential strategy for many superficial, esophageal, intestinal, and bronchial cancer treatments, but its therapeutic effect is limited by a lack of specificity and the hypoxic tumor environment. It is necessary to develop novel photosensitizers (Ps) with organelles targeting and the ability to generate cytotoxic species under light irradiation without the presence of oxygen. Herein, we designed and synthesized a biocompatible fluorescent Ps CPNBD for lipid droplets (LDs) fluorescence (FL) image-guided PDT. CPNBD showed FL quenching in water but FL was significantly turned on by oil with a remarkable FL enhancement compared to that in aqueous solution. Due to its strong lipophilicity (Clog P of 7.96), CPNBD could specifically stain the LDs of human clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) tumor cells and tissues with good photostability. Meanwhile, CPNBD could efficiently generate cytotoxic reactive oxygen species under low-power white-light irradiation, which could efficiently damage DNA via a PDT process with great tumor suppression ability in vitro and in vivo. Thus, this work provides a novel strategy for designing LD-targeting Ps with efficient image-guided PDT under the tumor hypoxic environment.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34523086

RESUMO

Organophosphate esters (OPEs) impact health in many ways. Since its relationship with urinary incontinence remains unknown, we aimed to explore their associations in the US general population. We combined the results of urine specimens test and self-reported urinary incontinence conditions from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2013-2014 among 2666 participants and then conducted linear regression and logistic regression to analyse associations between log2-transformed OPE concentrations and urinary incontinence. We found that 0.92% of men and 15.74% of women complained of mixed urinary incontinence (MUI). The concentrations of diphenyl phosphate (DPHP) were significantly correlated to MUI among women when treated as a continuous variable (adjusted odds ratio (OR) = 1.15; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.01-1.31; p = 0.0369) and as a categorical variable (adjusted OR = 1.24; 95% CI, 1.03-1.49; p for trend = 0.0245), whereas no positive correlation was found in males. There were no significant associations between the other three OPEs: bis(2-chloroethyl) phosphate (BCEP), bis(1,3-dichloro-2-propyl) phosphate (BDCPP) and dibutyl phosphate (DBUP). The association of DPHP with an increased prevalence OR of MUI in women is a public health concern; future prospective studies are needed to explore its potential mechanism.

5.
Urol Oncol ; 2021 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34548234

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To further determine the efficacy and safety of bipolar androgen therapy (BAT) on patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) after progression on abiraterone (ABI) or enzalutamide (ENZA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We systematically searched the Pubmed, Web of Science and ClinicalTrials.gov up to June 2021. Literature review, study selection, and data extraction were conducted by 2 reviewers. Risk of bias was assessed according to the methodology of the European Association of Urology (EAU). A systematic review and pooled analysis were performed. The primary outcomes were PSA50 after BAT and AR-targeted therapy rechallenge, objective response rate (ORR) after BAT, and AEs after BAT. The definition of PSA50 was that participants achieving a PSA decline ≥50% according to Prostate Cancer Working Group (PCWG2) criteria. The ORR determined by determined by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) included patients experienced partial response (PR) or complete response (CR). RESULTS: In a total of 74 unique records, 5 studies were eligible for inclusion. Participants who underwent BAT achieved PSA50 of 0.26 (95% CI [0.20, 0.32]) and objective response rate (ORR) of 0.32 (95% CI [0.21, 0.44]). Patients completed BAT proceeded to AR-target therapy (ABI or ENZA) achieved moderate response (PSA50 0.54, 95% CI [0.30, 0.76]). Based on our multiple subgroup analysis, type of post-BAT AR-target therapy had a strong impact on PSA50 of AR-target therapy rechallenge. Most of adverse events (AEs) were low grade. CONCLUSIONS: The present study indicated that BAT could induce clinical responses in mCRPC patients after progression on ABI or ENZA, with an acceptable side effects profile. BAT could also be able to restore sensitivity to ABI and ENZA rechallenge in a subset of patients.

6.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 12: 667951, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34484110

RESUMO

Purpose: This study aimed to determine the relationships among gut microbiota, primary aldosteronism (PA), and related metabolic disorders. Methods: The study enrolled 13 PA patients, 26 sex-matched primary hypertension patients, and 26 sex-matched healthy controls. Demographic and clinical characteristics such as age, body mass index (BMI), blood aldosterone-renin ratio, blood potassium, blood glucose, blood lipid parameters, and history of diabetes mellitus (DM) were compared between the three groups. The gut microbiota of each participant was examined by 16S rRNA gene sequencing. Spearman correlation analysis was performed to demonstrate the relationship between gut microbiota and clinical characteristics. Results: BMI and the percentage of DM in PA patients were higher than those in healthy controls (p < 0.05), but not higher than those in primary hypertension patients (p > 0.05). The gut microbiota of healthy controls and primary hypertension patients had a higher alpha diversity level than that of PA patients. PA patients had fewer short-chain fatty acid (SCFA)-producing genera (Prevotella, Blautia, Coprococcus, Anaerostipes, and Ruminococcus) and more inflammation-associated genera (Megamonas, Sutterella, and Streptococcus) than healthy controls (p < 0.05). The gut microbiota of PA patients was more inclined to encode microbial pathways involved in sugar metabolism, such as starch and sucrose metabolism and fructose and mannose metabolism. Blood potassium was negatively correlated with the relative abundance of Romboutsia (R = -0.364, q = 0.023). Diastolic blood pressure (DBP) was positively correlated with Romboutsia (R = 0.386, q = 0.015). Systolic blood pressure (SBP) was negatively correlated with Blautia (R = -0.349, q = 0.030). Conclusions: The alteration of gut microbiota in PA patients, especially bacteria and pathways involved in inflammation, SCFAs, and sugar metabolism, may be associated with chronic metabolic disorders.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34338347

RESUMO

Phosphatase and tensin homolog-long (PTEN-L) is a translational isoform of PTEN, which exists in both intracellular and extracellular locations. Previous studies demonstrated that PTEN-L could inhibit oncogenesis due to its lipid phosphatase activity. However, recent studies found that PTEN-L could promote the proliferation of some types of cancer cells. Moreover, as a protein phosphatase, PTEN-L can suppress mitophagy by counteracting PTEN-induced putative kinase protein 1 (PINK1)-Parkin-mediated ubiquitin phosphorylation, namely, PTEN-L is critical for exploring the mitophagy progression and the treatment of mitochondrial diseases. Accounting for the critical functions of PTEN-L, its antibody can be used for the treatment or prognosis of tumors and mitochondrial diseases. Currently, the commercial antibody of PTEN-L is not available. In our study, the recombinant PTEN-L protein was expressed in Escherichia coli BL21 and used as an antigen to immunize Japan's big-eared white rabbit for the preparation of polyclonal antibody. The PTEN-L protein can be captured by PTEN-L antibody specifically and effectively. Taken together, a PTEN_L antibody is a valuable tool for further exploring the function of PTEN-L in oncogenesis and mitochondrial diseases, and it would be a new choice for the prognosis or treatment of cancer and mitochondrial diseases.

8.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 9: 705280, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34447750

RESUMO

A tumor microenvironment (TME) is composed of various cell types and extracellular components. It contains tumor cells and is nourished by a network of blood vessels. The TME not only plays a significant role in the occurrence, development, and metastasis of tumors but also has a far-reaching impact on the effect of therapeutics. Continuous interaction between tumor cells and the environment, which is mediated by their environment, may lead to drug resistance. In this review, we focus on the key cellular components of the TME and the potential strategies to improve the effectiveness of drug therapy by changing their related factors.

9.
Urol Oncol ; 39(11): 754-763, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34330654

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Emerging evidence indicates that patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer could respond to steroid switch from prednisone (P) to dexamethasone (D) following progression on abiraterone acetate plus prednisone (AA+P). OBJECTIVES: Conducting a systematic review to evaluate the efficacy, safety, and prognostic factors of steroid switch. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We systematically searched Pubmed, Web of Science, and American Society of Clinical Oncology annual meeting abstracts published up to October 2020. Literature review, study selection, and data extraction were conducted by two reviewers. Risk of bias (RoB) and quality of evidence were assessed. A systematic review and pooled analysis were performed. RESULTS: Nine studies were eligible for inclusion. All of the included patients were progression on AA+P. Pooled rates of PSA50 and PSA30 on abiraterone acetate plus dexamethasone (AA+D) were 0.24 (95%CI [0.18,0.30]) and 0.42 (95%CI [0.36,0.48]), respectively. Subgroup analysis indicated more favorable PSA50 and PSA30 rates on AA+D when switching from P to D only based on PSA progression. Median time to PSA progression on AA+D ranged from 2.73 to 11.38 months. Definitions of progression free survival were variable. Reported median progression free survival on AA+D ranged from 2.52 to 11.8 months. Median overall survival on AA+D varied from 4.11 to 20.9 months. All patients tolerated well on AA+D, and no grade 3 to 4 adverse events were reported. Baseline characteristics of patients, previous treatment and its response, and genetic alterations might all play roles in the response in the response toward the AA+D regimen. CONCLUSIONS: The present systematic review suggested that steroid switch from P to D might be an effective and safe treatment strategy in a subset of patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer after PSA progression on AA+P.

10.
Aging Male ; 24(1): 72-79, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34233582

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Inflammation is crucial in the pathogenesis of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in men. Diet modulates inflammation. Therefore, diet could be a modifiable factor in male LUTS prevention and treatment. We aimed to investigate the association between dietary inflammatory potential and male LUTS. METHODS: We used two cycles of National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) with self-report LUTS data. We calculated the dietary inflammatory index (DII) based on a 24 h diet recall and evaluated male LUTS. Clinical LUTS was defined as two or more coexisting symptoms. We used univariate and multivariate logistic regression models, the smooth curve fitting to analyze the relationship between clinical LUTS and the DII score. Subgroup analyses were conducted. RESULTS: We observed a positive non-linear relationship between clinical LUTS and DII. We found that when DII was higher than the inflection point 2.39, a 1-unit increase in DII was associated with 26.1% higher adjusted odds of clinical LUTS. Subgroup analyses showed that the DII score was only positively correlated with clinical LUTS risk in non-drinkers, smokers, and non-obese people (DII >2.39). CONCLUSIONS: Inflammation might be the key mechanism bridging dietary consumption to male LUTS. Excessive pro-inflammatory food intake (DII >2.39) warrants special vigilance, especially for non-drinkers, smokers, and non-obese men.


Assuntos
Dieta , Sintomas do Trato Urinário Inferior , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Inflamação/epidemiologia , Inflamação/etiologia , Sintomas do Trato Urinário Inferior/epidemiologia , Sintomas do Trato Urinário Inferior/etiologia , Masculino , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Fatores de Risco , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
11.
Gene Ther ; 2021 Jul 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34226687

RESUMO

At present, there is no effective treatment for prostate cancer (PCa). Previous studies have reported that miR-34a is significantly downregulated in PCa cells; therefore, modulation of miR-34a expression might be a promising therapeutic approach for PCa treatment. To this end, we first verified the downregulation of miR-34a in prostate tumors from a transgenic adenocarcinoma mouse prostate (TRAMP) model. We found that miR-34a overexpression significantly inhibited the cell cycle, viability, and migration of PCa cells by targeting its downstream genes. Next, we tested the concept of intraprostatic injection of rAAV9·pri-miR-34a into 8-week-old TRAMP mice to inhibit PCa progression. We observed that the treatment lowered body weights significantly compared to the control treatment starting at 30 weeks after injection. rAAV9·pri-miR-34a treatment also obviously extended the lifespan of TRAMP mice. Moreover, we confirmed that the neoplasia in the treated prostates was significantly diminished compared to that in the control group. In addition, overexpressed miR-34a downregulated the expression of its target genes. Taken together, our results demonstrated, for the first time, the potential of rAAV-mediated efficient modulation of miR-34a expression in the prostate to inhibit PCa progression by regulating its downstream gene expression.

12.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 99: 107947, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34311189

RESUMO

Bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) can lead to alternation of bladder structure and function, known as bladder remodeling. Macrophage is a heterogeneous cell type and implicated in immunity regulating and tissue repairment. The relationship between macrophage and BOO remains unclear. We determined the pivotal role of macrophage recruitment and polarization in bladder remodeling. Sprague-Dawley rats underwent surgical operation of a BOO for either 1, 3, 6 weeks and were compared with sham-operated rats. The BOO rats in the experimental group were orally administrated with 5 mg/kg RS-504393, a C-C chemokine receptor (CCR2) antagonist, for 6 weeks, and the rats in the control group were treated with vehicle. Bladder tissues were harvested for assays of flow cytometry, quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction, histological examinations, immunohistochemistry staining and immunofluorescence. After induction of BOO, M1 macrophages were predominantly observed at inflammatory stage while M2 macrophages were mainly found during fibrosis stage. Flow cytometry analysis revealed that the ratio of M1/M2 significantly increased at 3 weeks (P = 0.0013) when compared to the sham-operated group. Interestingly, our results showed that M2 macrophages promoted BOO-induced fibrosis through indirectly secreting TGF-ß and directly transforming to collagen-producing myofibroblast. Additionally, RS-504393 treatment significantly decreased the number of M1 and M2 macrophage infiltration in bladder tissue, and bladder fibrosis was attenuated by RS-504393 treatment compared with that in the vehicle-treated rats. In summary, macrophages play a pivotal role in bladder remodeling and targeting MCP-1/CCR2 signaling pathway might be a therapeutic strategy for human bladder fibrosis.

14.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 9340, 2021 04 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33927304

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between dietary inflammatory index (DII) and urinary incontinence (UI) among a representative sample of the US women. We performed a cross-sectional analysis of women younger than 65 years using the 1999 to 2016 NHANES (National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey) populations. DII were calculated based on baseline dietary intake using 24-h dietary recalls. UI was determined and categorized by self-reported questions. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to assess the association between DII and UI. Stratified linear regression models were applied to test for interaction in prespecified subgroup of interest. A total of 13,441 women age between 20 and 65 years were included in the final analysis. Of these participants 3230 (24.03%) complained of urgency UI, 5276 (39.25%) complained of stress UI and 2028 (15.09%) complained of mixed UI. On multivariate analysis, analysis with DII categorized as quartiles revealed significantly increase odds of urgency UI in the most pro-inflammatory quartile compared to the most anti-inflammatory quartile (OR 1.24, 95% CI 1.07-1.44, P = 0.004 for trend) in full adjustment model. Similar results were observed in SUI (OR 1.14, 95% CI 1.00-1.30, P = 0.021 for trend) and MUI (OR 1.20, 95% CI 1.02-1.43, P = 0.022 for trend). More pro-inflammatory diets, as presented by higher DII scores are associated with an increased likelihood of UI in American women younger than 65 years. Further studies are needed to explore the possible physiological mechanism and evaluate the potential therapeutic implications.


Assuntos
Dieta/efeitos adversos , Inflamação/complicações , Incontinência Urinária/etiologia , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Inquéritos sobre Dietas , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Incontinência Urinária/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
15.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 658095, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33897441

RESUMO

Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are one of the most common bacterial infections acquired both in community and hospital. Fluoroquinolones, represented by levofloxacin and ciprofloxacin, are widely used for treatment of UTIs. However, it remains controversial for the comparison between the 2 drugs, which propelled us to conduct the first evidence-based research on this topic. To establish their relative efficacy and safety, we searched Pubmed, embase, and Web of Science for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) for UTIs. A total of 5 RCTs were finally included, involving 2,352 patients and a systematic review and meta-analysis were performed to compare the end-of-therapy and posttherapy clinical success rate, microbial eradication rate and adverse event rate. Jadad score and Review Manager 5.3.0 version were applied respectively to evaluate the study quality and heterogeneity. There was no significant difference between levofloxacin and ciprofloxacin group in end-of-therapy or posttherapy clinical success rate and microbial eradication rate (p > 0.05). As for adverse event rate, the 2 drugs were comparable and both safe for clinical use. Based on one included trial and pharmacological research, we raised hypothesis that levofloxacin was superior to ciprofloxacin for treatment of E. coli-induced chronic bacterial prostatitis (CBP) and it required a further study to prove it.

16.
Prostate ; 81(6): 347-356, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33710645

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer (PCa) is a leading cause of death in men, and effective treatment of PCa requires further development. Our study aimed to investigate the potential role of vinculin (VCL) in PCa progression in vitro and in vivo. METHODS: We investigated the methylation level of the VCL promoter based on the TCGA database. The knockdown efficacy of VCL gene expression was confirmed by quantitative polymerase chain reaction, Western blot analysis, and immunofluorescence. Furthermore, morphological changes in PCa cells were detected using phalloidin staining. The mobility of PCa cells was measured using transwell assays and high-content analysis. Moreover, cell growth and viability were determined using the colony formation and cell counting kit-8 assays. The role of VCL in tumor growth in vivo was investigated using a subcutaneous xenograft model generated by injecting tumor cells into the right flank of BALB/c nude mice. RESULTS: The methylation level of the VCL promoter in PCa was significantly downregulated concomitant with age and the progression of nodal metastasis. VCL expression was markedly decreased by shRNA. Importantly, VCL knockdown significantly changed the cell morphology; inhibited the migration, invasion, and movement; and repressed colony formation and viability of PCa cells in vitro. Furthermore, downregulation of VCL suppressed tumor growth in vivo. CONCLUSIONS: Our study comprehensively evaluated the role of VCL in PCa progression in vivo and in vitro. The findings of the present study suggest that VCL can be a potential target for PCa prognosis and treatment.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Próstata/genética , Vinculina/genética , Animais , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Progressão da Doença , Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Invasividade Neoplásica , Metástase Neoplásica , Transplante de Neoplasias , Processos Neoplásicos , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Neoplasias da Próstata/fisiopatologia , Neoplasias da Próstata/secundário
17.
Arch Biochem Biophys ; 702: 108674, 2021 05 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33189652

RESUMO

Extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling is strongly associated with pathological changes induced by bladder outlet obstruction (BOO). In this study, we investigated the role of interleukin-6 (IL-6) in mechanical stretch-induced ECM remodeling of bladder smooth muscle. To construct a BOO animal model, the urethras of female Sprague-Dawley rats were partially ligated. In addition, increased hydrostatic pressure and mechanical stretching were applied to human bladder smooth muscle cells (HBSMCs) as an in vitro model. The expression of rat inflammatory genes was analyzed using DNA microarrays. We used quantitative RT-PCR (qRT-PCR) and immunohistochemical staining to detect IL-6 in the bladder smooth muscle of rats. To determine the specificity of IL-6, small interfering ribonucleic acid (siRNA) transfection and IL-6 receptor inhibitor (SC144) were applied to HBSMCs. qRT-PCR with siRNA transfection was also used to determine the specificity of downstream signaling. Moreover, western blotting was conducted to verify the expression results. In the animal model, the expression of ECM components and inflammatory genes was significantly upregulated. The expression of IL-6 was increased at both the mRNA level and the protein level in BOO rats. In vitro, hydrostatic pressure, and mechanical stretching both promoted MMP7 and MMP11 expression. Additionally, downregulation of collagen III occurred in both the hydrostatic pressure group and the mechanical stretch group. However, the expression of fibronectin exhibited opposing patterns between the hydrostatic pressure and mechanical stretch groups. The application of targeted siRNA transfection and an inhibitor (SC144) that targeted IL-6 significantly reversed the changes in MMP7 and MMP11 under mechanical stress and partially increased the expression of collagen III and fibronectin. In summary, IL-6 participated in the ECM remodeling of HBSMCs under mechanical stress, indicating that IL-6 may play an essential role in BOO..


Assuntos
Matriz Extracelular/metabolismo , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Músculo Liso/citologia , Receptores de Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Estresse Mecânico , Bexiga Urinária , Animais , Microambiente Celular , Colágeno/metabolismo , Matriz Extracelular/patologia , Feminino , Regulação Enzimológica da Expressão Gênica , Interleucina-6/genética , Metaloproteinases da Matriz/genética , Músculo Liso/patologia , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Obstrução do Colo da Bexiga Urinária/metabolismo , Obstrução do Colo da Bexiga Urinária/patologia
18.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(41): e22610, 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33031318

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We systematically evaluated the evidences on oncological and functional outcomes of high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) as the primary treatment for localized prostate cancer (PCa). METHODS: A systematic review was used Medline, Embase, and the Cochrane Library from the inception of each database. The review analyzed the oncological and functional outcomes of HIFU in the treatment of PCa. The RevMan 5.3 software was used for quantity analysis incidence of complications. RESULTS: Twenty-seven articles were included for analysis with a total of 7393 patients. Eighteen studies investigated the whole-gland HIFU, and the duration of follow-up ranged from 2 to 168 months. After whole-gland HIFU, the mean prostate-specific antigen (PSA) nadir was found to be 0.4 to 1.95 ng/mL and the mean time to PSA nadir was 2.4 to 5.4 months. The rate of positive biopsy after HIFU was 4.5% to 91.1%. Meta-analysis revealed the incidences of urinary incontinence, impotence, urinary obstruction, retention, and infection was 10%, 44%, 15%, 11%, 7%, respectively. Nine studies investigated partial-gland HIFU, and the duration of follow-up was 1 to 131 months. After partial-gland HIFU, the mean PSA nadir was 1.9 to 2.7 ng/mL and the mean time to PSA nadir 5.7 to 7.3 months. The rate of positive biopsy after HIFU in the treatment area was 14% to 37.5%. Meta-analysis revealed the incidences of urinary incontinence, impotence, urinary obstruction, retention, and infection was 2%, 21%, 2%, 9%, 11%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Early evidence suggested the partial-gland HIFU was safer than whole-gland HIFU, and they had similar oncological outcomes. More prospective randomized controlled trials of whole-gland and partial-gland HIFU for PCa was needed.


Assuntos
Ablação por Ultrassom Focalizado de Alta Intensidade , Neoplasias da Próstata/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
BMC Urol ; 20(1): 150, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33008406

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Controversy remains despite several studies have discussed the role of bariatric surgery in improving male's sexual function. This study aims to evaluate the efficacy of bariatric surgery in promoting male's erectile function. METHODS: PubMed, EMbase, The Cochrane Library, CNKI and Clinical Trails.gov were searched from database inception to May 2019. The language of publication was limited in English. The International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF) score and Brief Male Sexual Function Inventory (BSFI) score were set as the primary outcome. RESULTS: Eleven studies with a total of 370 patients were enrolled in this meta-analysis. The results showed significant improvement in the IIEF score (erectile function: MD = 5.33, 95% CI 4.12-6.54; intercourse satisfaction: MD = 2.57, 95% CI 1.19-3.94; orgasmic function: MD = 0.50, 95%CI 0.60-0.94; overall satisfaction: MD = 1.67, 95% CI 0.78-2.56; sexual desire: MD = 1.27, 95% CI 0.61-1.93; total erectile function: MD = 7.21, 95% CI 4.33-10.10) and the BSFI score (erection: MD =2.53, 95% CI 2.39-2.67; ejaculation: MD = 1.40, 95% CI 1.28-1.51; desire: MD =1.40, 95% CI 1.32-1.49; problem assessment: MD = 2.20, 95% CI 2.06-2.34; sexual satisfaction: MD = 0.70, 95% CI 0.60-0.76) in obese individuals after bariatric surgery. CONCLUSIONS: This systematic review and meta-analysis indicated that bariatric surgery could be effective in promoting males's sexual function for obese individuals.


Assuntos
Cirurgia Bariátrica , Disfunção Erétil/terapia , Obesidade Mórbida/cirurgia , Ereção Peniana/fisiologia , Disfunção Erétil/etiologia , Medicina Baseada em Evidências , Humanos , Masculino , Obesidade Mórbida/complicações , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Neurourol Urodyn ; 39(8): 2128-2138, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32949194

RESUMO

AIMS: Abnormal intravesical pressure created by partial bladder outlet obstruction (PBOO) triggered the progression from chronic inflammation to fibrosis, initiating structural and functional alterations of bladder. To elucidate the underlying mechanisms of contraction and inflammatory response, we investigated the isolated human bladder smooth muscle cells (hBSMC) under pathological hydrostatic pressure (HP) mimicking the in vivo PBOO condition. METHODS: hBSMCs were subjected to HP of 200 cm H2 O to explore the contraction and inflammatory cytokine expression of hBSMC treated with ß-adrenoceptors (ADRBs) and/or autophagy signaling pathway agonists and/or antagonists. RESULTS: We showed that pathological HP induced the release of the proinflammatory cytokines, including monocyte chemotactic protein-1, regulated upon activation normal T cell expressed and secreted factor, and interleukin-6. HP downregulated ADRB2 and ADRB3 expression, which was consistent with the results of the PBOO rat model. ADRB2 or autophagy activation repressed pathological HP-induced proinflammatory cytokine production. ADRB2, ADRB3 or autophagy activation ameliorated the HP-enhanced contraction. The increased contraction and autophagy activity by ADRB2 agonist under HP conditions were reversed by pretreatment with antagonists of adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK). CONCLUSION: The present study provides evidence that the ADRB3 agonist suppresses hBSMC contraction under pathological HP conditions. Moreover, the ADRB2 agonist negatively regulates the contraction and inflammatory response of hBSMCs through AMPK/mTOR-mediated autophagy under pathological HP. These findings provide a theoretical basis for potential therapeutic strategies for patients with PBOO.


Assuntos
Autofagia/fisiologia , Citocinas/metabolismo , Pressão Hidrostática , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/metabolismo , Receptores Adrenérgicos/metabolismo , Obstrução do Colo da Bexiga Urinária/metabolismo , Bexiga Urinária/metabolismo , Agonistas Adrenérgicos/farmacologia , Regulação para Baixo , Humanos , Inflamação/metabolismo , Contração Muscular/efeitos dos fármacos , Contração Muscular/fisiologia , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/efeitos dos fármacos , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Transdução de Sinais/fisiologia , Bexiga Urinária/efeitos dos fármacos
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