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1.
Surg Today ; 2021 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34748070

RESUMO

Resection of huge hepatocellular carcinomas occupying the central portion of the liver is challenging. Exposure of an adequate liver transection plane using an anterior approach is likely to be difficult because of compression by the tumor. We herein propose a "triple liver hanging maneuver" technique for central bisectionectomy with caudate lobectomy for huge hepatocellular carcinomas stretching the hilar plate and the right and left hepatic veins. In this technique, the first tape is introduced for the transection plane along the right side of the umbilical portion to the anterior surface of the inferior vena cava. The second tape is introduced to lift the paracaval caudate Glissonean pedicles from the hilar plate. The third tape is introduced for the transection plane along the right hepatic vein to the anterior surface of the inferior vena cava. The triple liver hanging maneuver could be effective for huge tumors compressing major hepatic vessels.

2.
Surg Case Rep ; 7(1): 229, 2021 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34693483

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The intracystic papillary neoplasm (ICPN) is a newly established disease concept. It has been regarded as a preinvasive neoplastic lesion, similar to intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm of the pancreas. Limited information is available on the clinical and imaging features of ICPN. CASE PRESENTATION: A 65-year-old woman was referred to our hospital for assessment of a gallbladder tumor. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography showed a papillary tumor in the fundus of the gallbladder with irregular thickening of the gallbladder wall that spread into the cystic duct. The boundary between the tumor and liver was unclear. The patient was diagnosed with gallbladder cancer with liver invasion. We performed extended cholecystectomy with liver bed resection after confirming the absence of cancer cells in the resection margin of the cystic duct. After pathological examination, the tumor was diagnosed as an ICPN with xanthogranulomatous cholecystitis. The patient was discharged on postoperative day 8 with no complications. CONCLUSIONS: We have described a rare case of ICPN concomitant with xanthogranulomatous cholecystitis. Clinicians should include ICPN as a differential diagnosis in patients with a papillary or polypoid tumor in the gallbladder.

3.
PLoS One ; 9(4): e94895, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24736499

RESUMO

Ductus arteriosus (DA) closure follows constriction and remodeling of the entire vessel wall. Patent ductus arteriosus occurs when the DA does not close after birth, and this condition is currently treated using cyclooxygenase inhibitors. However, the efficacy of cyclooxygenase inhibitors is often limited. Our previous study demonstrated that low-dose thromboxane A2 receptor (TP) stimulation constricted the DA with minimal adverse effects in rat neonates. However, its effect on DA remodeling remains unknown. In this study, we focused on the impact of the exogenous TP stimulation on the DA remodeling, especially intimal thickening. Using DA explants from rat fetuses at embryonic day 19 as a ex vivo model and primary cultured rat DA smooth muscle cells from embryonic day 21 as a in vitro model, we evaluated the effect of TP stimulation on the DA remodeling. The selective TP agonists U46619 and I-BOP promoted neointima formation in the ex vivo DA explants, and TP stimulation increased DA SMC migration in a dose-dependent manner. Both effects were inhibited by the selective TP antagonist SQ29548 or the siRNA against TP. TP stimulation also increased DA SMC proliferation in the presence of 10% fetal bovine serum. LC/MS/MS analysis revealed that TP stimulation increased secretion of several extracellular matrix proteins that may contribute to an increase in neointima formation. In conclusion, we uncovered that exogenous administration of TP agonist promotes neointima formation through the induction of migration and proliferation of DA SMC, which could contribute to DA closure and also to its vasoconstrictive action.


Assuntos
Canal Arterial/metabolismo , Neointima/metabolismo , Receptores de Tromboxano A2 e Prostaglandina H2/metabolismo , Animais , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Células Cultivadas , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular/metabolismo , Feminino , Expressão Gênica , Masculino , Músculo Liso Vascular/metabolismo , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/metabolismo , Neointima/patologia , Gravidez , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Ratos , Receptores de Tromboxano A2 e Prostaglandina H2/agonistas , Receptores de Tromboxano A2 e Prostaglandina H2/genética
4.
Pediatr Res ; 72(2): 129-36, 2012 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22717688

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is a common life-threatening complication among premature infants. Although cyclooxygenase inhibitors are frequently used to treat PDA, as they inhibit the synthesis of prostaglandin E(2), the most potent vasodilator in the ductus arteriosus (DA), their efficacy is often limited. As thromboxane A(2) (TXA(2)) induces vascular contraction via the TXA(2) receptor (TP), we hypothesized that TP stimulation would promote DA closure. METHOD: To measure the inner diameter of the vessels, a rapid whole-body freezing method was used. RESULTS: Injection of the selective TP agonists U46619 and I-BOP constricted the fetal DA at embryonic day 19 (e19) and e21 in a dose-dependent manner. Of note, U46619 also exerted a vasoconstrictive effect on two different types of postnatal PDA models: premature PDA and hypoxia-induced PDA. We also found that U46619 constricted the ex vivo DA ring to a greater extent than it constricted the ex vivo aorta. Furthermore, we found that U46619 at lower concentrations (up to 0.05 mg/g of body weight) had a minimal vasoconstrictive effect on other vessels and did not induce microthrombosis in the pulmonary capillary arteries. CONCLUSION: Low-dose TP stimulation constricts the DA with minimal adverse effects at least in rat neonates and our results could point to an alternative potent vasoconstrictor for PDA.


Assuntos
Permeabilidade do Canal Arterial/prevenção & controle , Canal Arterial/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Receptores de Tromboxano A2 e Prostaglandina H2/agonistas , Vasoconstrição/efeitos dos fármacos , Ácido 15-Hidroxi-11 alfa,9 alfa-(epoximetano)prosta-5,13-dienoico/farmacologia , Análise de Variância , Animais , Western Blotting , Compostos Bicíclicos Heterocíclicos com Pontes/farmacologia , Capilares/patologia , Criopreservação , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Canal Arterial/efeitos dos fármacos , Ácidos Graxos Insaturados/farmacologia , Feto , Alvéolos Pulmonares/irrigação sanguínea , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real
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