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1.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 5991, 2022 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35397629

RESUMO

This study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic ability and sectoral structure function relationship of circumpapillary vessel density (cpVD) and macular vessel density (mVD) with optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) in early glaucomatous (EG) eyes. 224 EG eyes of 167 patients (mean deviation (MD) > - 6 dB) and 70 normal eyes of 70 subjects were enrolled in this retrospective cross-sectional study. All patients underwent OCT and OCTA scanning. Diagnostic abilities were evaluated with area under receiver operating characteristic curves (AUROC). Structure function relationships of superior, inferior and Garway-Heath sectoral values with its corresponding visual field (VF) sensitivity were determined using linear mixed models. AUROCs were 0.798, 0.621, 0.876 and 0.835 for cpVD, mVD, circumpapillary retinal nerve fiber layer thickness (cpRNFLT) and ganglion cell-inner plexiform layer, respectively. AUROC of cpVD was significantly lower than cpRNFLT (P = 0.010) and higher than mVD (P < 0.001). All Garway-Heath sectors of cpVD significantly correlated with its corresponding VF sensitivity except for the nasal sector. MVD also showed significant structure function relationship and the correlations were stronger in the perifoveal region (6 mm annulus) than in the parafoveal region (3 mm annulus). CpVD demonstrated moderate diagnostic ability and both cpVD and mVD demonstrated significant association with VF sensitivity in EG eyes.


Assuntos
Glaucoma de Ângulo Aberto , Disco Óptico , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Pressão Intraocular , Fibras Nervosas , Disco Óptico/diagnóstico por imagem , Células Ganglionares da Retina , Vasos Retinianos/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica/métodos , Testes de Campo Visual
2.
Ophthalmol Retina ; 2022 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35364326

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Cardiovascular diseases and retinal vein occlusion (RVO) have many risk factors in common. We aimed to investigate the associations between RVO occurrence and each of the cardiovascular health (CVH) metrics known as Life's Simple 7, which are indicators of an unhealthy lifestyle. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals in the JMDC Claims Database (JMDC Inc) who underwent health checkups between 2005 and 2020. METHODS: We set the following exposures: (1) each component of the CVH metrics (body mass index, blood pressure [BP], fasting blood glucose, total cholesterol, smoking, dietary habits, and physical activity) and (2) the number of nonideal CVH metrics (nonideal CVH score, ranging from 0 [healthiest] to 7 [unhealthiest]). The study outcomes were RVO and central RVO (CRVO) occurrence, which were identified on the first date of diagnosis. We performed Cox regression analyses, with covariates including age, sex, and glaucoma. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The hazard ratios for RVO and CRVO occurrence for (1) each component of the CVH metrics and (2) the nonideal CVH score. RESULTS: We included 2 093 536 individuals. During a mean follow-up period of 1070 ± 884 days, there were 3265 RVO and 789 CRVO events. An increased risk of RVO occurrence was most strongly associated with a nonideal BP (hazard ratio [HR], 2.25; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.06-2.46), followed by a nonideal body mass index (HR, 1.31; 95% CI, 1.21-1.41). Individuals with nonimprovement in BP within 1 year showed a higher risk of RVO occurrence than those with improvement (HR, 2.07; 95% CI, 1.70-2.52). The adjusted HRs of the groups with nonideal CVH scores of 6 to 7, 5, 4, 3, 2, and 1 were 3.76 (2.66-5.30), 2.87 (2.06-4.00), 2.57 (1.85-3.57), 2.22 (1.60-3.08), 1.79 (1.29-2.48), and 1.39 (0.99-1.95), respectively, compared with the group with a score of 0. Similar results were observed for CRVO. CONCLUSIONS: The strongest risk factor for RVO was nonideal BP, followed by nonideal body mass index. There was a dose-dependent positive association between a nonideal CVH score and RVO occurrence. These findings are important with respect to the identification of individuals at higher risk of RVO.

3.
Case Rep Ophthalmol ; 13(1): 70-75, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35350237

RESUMO

Graft detachment after Descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK) is usually managed with air-bubbling. However, it is an invasive procedure, which can cause corneal endothelial reduction, and requires hospitalization and supine position maintenance. Only few case reports on graft reattachment in the prone position exist, and this is the first report from Japan. An 87-year-old woman presented with sudden pain in her left eye. Examination of her left eye showed a best-corrected vision of 20/50, shallow anterior chamber, cataractous lens, central corneal thickness (CCT) of 630 µm, and corneal endothelial cell count of 467 cells/mm2. She was diagnosed with left-eye bullous keratopathy due to primary angle closure, and DSAEK was performed after cataract surgery. Post-surgery, she touched her left eye due to agitation. Graft adhesion was good until postoperative day 4; however, a partial detachment was observed on day 12. She was instructed to remain in a prone position for as long as possible; on day 22, the graft was reattached, and the CCT improved to 555 µm. Since then, the graft adhesion has been maintained, and her best-corrected vision has improved to 20/30. To date, 5 cases of graft reattachment in the prone position have been reported, with reattachment observed in all cases within 10 days from the onset of detachment, including this case. Re-bubbling is an effective technique; however, it is invasive and may cause additional corneal endothelial loss. Therefore, it may be beneficial to have the patient initially attempt the prone position for reattachment.

4.
J Biol Chem ; 298(4): 101824, 2022 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35288190

RESUMO

Glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPx4) is known for its unique function in the direct detoxification of lipid peroxides in the cell membrane and as a key regulator of ferroptosis, a form of lipid peroxidation-induced nonapoptotic cell death. However, the cytosolic isoform of GPx4 is considered to play a major role in inhibiting ferroptosis in somatic cells, whereas the roles of the mitochondrial isoform of GPx4 (mGPx4) in cell survival are not yet clear. In the present study, we found that mGPx4 KO mice exhibit a cone-rod dystrophy-like phenotype in which loss of cone photoreceptors precedes loss of rod photoreceptors. Specifically, in mGPx4 KO mice, cone photoreceptors disappeared prior to their maturation, whereas rod photoreceptors persisted through maturation but gradually degenerated afterward. Mechanistically, we demonstrated that vitamin E supplementation significantly ameliorated photoreceptor loss in these mice. Furthermore, LC-MS showed a significant increase in peroxidized phosphatidylethanolamine esterified with docosahexaenoic acid in the retina of mGPx4 KO mice. We also observed shrunken and uniformly condensed nuclei as well as caspase-3 activation in mGPx4 KO photoreceptors, suggesting that apoptosis was prevalent. Taken together, our findings indicate that mGPx4 is essential for the maturation of cone photoreceptors but not for the maturation of rod photoreceptors, although it is still critical for the survival of rod photoreceptors after maturation. In conclusion, we reveal novel functions of mGPx4 in supporting development and survival of photoreceptors in vivo.


Assuntos
Fosfolipídeo Hidroperóxido Glutationa Peroxidase , Células Fotorreceptoras Retinianas Cones , Células Fotorreceptoras Retinianas Bastonetes , Animais , Sobrevivência Celular/genética , Camundongos , Mitocôndrias/enzimologia , Fosfolipídeo Hidroperóxido Glutationa Peroxidase/genética , Fosfolipídeo Hidroperóxido Glutationa Peroxidase/metabolismo , Células Fotorreceptoras Retinianas Cones/citologia , Células Fotorreceptoras Retinianas Cones/enzimologia , Células Fotorreceptoras Retinianas Bastonetes/citologia , Células Fotorreceptoras Retinianas Bastonetes/enzimologia
5.
Int J Surg Pathol ; : 10668969221088881, 2022 Mar 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35343276

RESUMO

Special AT-rich sequence-binding protein 2 (SATB2) is a novel, diagnostically useful, and highly sensitive immunohistochemical marker for both primary and metastatic colorectal or appendiceal tumors. In the present study, we aimed to assess the impact of neoadjuvant chemotherapy on SATB2 expression in primary colorectal carcinomas and their corresponding liver metastases. Forty-four patients with colorectal carcinomas who received neoadjuvant chemotherapy were included. SATB2 expression in specimens of biopsy, resected primary colorectal carcinomas, and resected metastatic foci were examined by immunohistochemistry and compared to caudal-type homeobox transcription factor 2 (CDX2). Using a modified H-score, expressions were scored semiquantitatively for both staining intensity and tumor cell proportion with nuclear staining. SATB2 was positive in 43/44 cases (98%) in biopsy specimens, 42/44 cases (96%) in resected colorectal carcinomas with neoadjuvant chemotherapy, and 9/9 cases (100%) with liver metastases. However, these expressions were variably decreased, and the H-score was lower in resected colorectal carcinomas (158 ± 69) than in biopsy specimens (174 ± 60) (p < 0.01). The proportion of SATB2-positive area of colorectal carcinoma was 93% in metastatic foci, while the CDX2-positive area was 78%. When categorized by histopathological tumor regression, the most effective tumors of chemotherapy showed the lowest H-score in resected colorectal carcinomas among the three groups (p < 0.01). SATB2 is a useful marker for both primary colorectal carcinoma and corresponding liver metastases, even with neoadjuvant chemotherapy. However, caution should be exercised when performing needle biopsy for metastatic foci with neoadjuvant therapy because expressions could be decreased, especially in chemotherapy-effective cases, and show immunohistochemically negative results.

6.
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci ; 63(2): 24, 2022 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35147658

RESUMO

Purpose: We investigated the intraocular pressure (IOP)-lowering effect of topical sepetaprost (SPT), a dual agonist of the FP and EP3 receptors. We explored whether certain receptors mediated the hypotensive effect of SPT and outflow facility changes in C57BL/6 mice (wild-type [WT]) and FP and EP3 receptor-deficient mice (FPKO and EP3KO mice, respectively). Methods: IOP was measured using a microneedle. Outflow facility was measured using a two-level, constant-pressure perfusion method. Results: SPT significantly reduced IOP for 8 hours after administration to WT mice. The 2-hour IOP reductions afforded by latanoprost were 15.3 ± 2.5, 1.8 ± 2.0, and 12.3 ± 2.4% in WT, FPKO, and EP3KO mice, respectively; the SPT figures were 13.6 ± 2.1, 5.9 ± 2.7, and 6.6 ± 2.6%, respectively. Latanoprost-mediated IOP reduction was significantly decreased in FPKO mice, and SPT-mediated IOP reduction was reduced in both FPKO and EP3KO mice. At 6 hours after administration, latanoprost did not significantly reduce the IOP in any tested mouse strain. SPT-mediated IOP reduction was reduced in both FPKO and EP3KO mice. IOP reduction at 6 hours was significantly higher after simultaneous administration of selective FP and EP3 receptor agonists, but IOP did not fall on administration of (only) a selective EP3 receptor agonist. SPT significantly increased outflow facility in WT mice, but less so in FPKO and EP3KO mice. Conclusions: The IOP-lowering effect of SPT lasted longer than that of latanoprost. Our data imply that this may be attributable to augmented outflow facility mediated by the FP and EP3 receptors.


Assuntos
Anti-Hipertensivos/uso terapêutico , Pressão Intraocular/efeitos dos fármacos , Oxepinas/uso terapêutico , Receptores de Prostaglandina E Subtipo EP3/fisiologia , Receptores de Prostaglandina/fisiologia , Administração Oftálmica , Animais , Humor Aquoso/fisiologia , Dinoprostona/análogos & derivados , Dinoprostona/uso terapêutico , Pressão Intraocular/fisiologia , Latanoprosta/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Soluções Oftálmicas , Receptores de Prostaglandina/agonistas , Receptores de Prostaglandina E Subtipo EP3/agonistas , Fatores de Tempo , Tonometria Ocular
7.
Case Rep Ophthalmol ; 13(1): 17-22, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35221975

RESUMO

Descemet's membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK) for patients with corneal endothelial loss rarely results in graft rejection. Herein, we report a rare case of graft rejection following DMEK, in which peripheral anterior synechiae were observed postoperatively. A 66-year-old woman was referred to our hospital after complaints of decreased visual acuity of her right eye after laser iridotomy for primary angle closure 3 years earlier. Her right cornea had bullous keratopathy with mild cataract, and her best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) was 20/40. After cataract surgery, DMEK was successfully performed, except for development of peripheral anterior synechiae at the temporal cornea. Her BCVA recovered to 20/20. However, when topical instillation was changed to 0.1% fluorometholone from 0.1% betamethasone once a day, corneal edema reappeared with hyperemia, mutton fat keratic precipitates (KPs), and cells in the anterior chamber. The BCVA worsened to 20/32. Graft rejection was diagnosed, and subconjunctival injection of dexamethasone was performed 3 times, once every few days, with 0.1% topical betamethasone instillation. Subsequently, the hyperemia, mutton fat KPs, and cells in the anterior chamber disappeared with a recovered BCVA of 20/20 after 2 weeks. Ten months after graft rejection, there was no recurrence of intraocular inflammation, and only topical betamethasone was administered twice daily. It is important to exercise caution in cases with peripheral anterior synechiae after DMEK. Long-term steroid administration is necessary to prevent graft rejection.

8.
PLoS One ; 17(2): e0263588, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35143586

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We compared the visibility and surgeon posture between image-processing-assisted trabeculotomy (IP-LOT) using the NGENUITY® 3D visual system and conventional microsurgery (microscope-assisted trabeculotomy; MS-LOT). METHODS: IP-LOT was performed for five pig eyes. The visibility of the trabecular mesh work was evaluated on images of the trabecular mesh work and the posterior surface of the cornea (Cor) obtained under three different conditions. Images were then analyzed using ImageJ® to measure differences in luminance between the trabecular mesh work and Cor. IP-LOT was also performed for eleven human eyes, and the data were analyzed using the same approach as that used for the pig eyes. The length from the surgeon's abdomen to the operative eye (working distance) during MS-LOT and IP-LOT was measured for 12 different surgeons and compared to evaluate surgeon posture. RESULTS: Image processing significantly increased the difference in luminance between the trabecular mesh work and Cor in both pig and human eyes (p < 0.05). Moreover, the working distance in IP-LOT was significantly shorter than that in MS-LOT (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that the NGENUITY® 3D visual system provides better trabecular mesh work visibility than a normal microscope in conventional surgical methods, and it allows surgeons to operate without moving far from the operative eye.


Assuntos
Imageamento Tridimensional , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador , Trabeculectomia/métodos , Animais , Humanos , Imageamento Tridimensional/instrumentação , Microcirurgia/instrumentação , Postura , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador/instrumentação , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador/métodos , Suínos , Trabeculectomia/instrumentação
9.
Br J Ophthalmol ; 2022 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35091438

RESUMO

AIMS: To apply a deep learning model for automatic localisation of the scleral spur (SS) in anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) images and compare the reproducibility of anterior chamber angle (ACA) width between deep learning located SS (DLLSS) and manually plotted SS (MPSS). METHODS: In this multicentre, cross-sectional study, a test dataset comprising 5166 AS-OCT images from 287 eyes (116 healthy eyes with open angles and 171 eyes with primary angle-closure disease (PACD)) of 287 subjects were recruited from four ophthalmology clinics. Each eye was imaged twice by a swept-source AS-OCT (CASIA2, Tomey, Nagoya, Japan) in the same visit and one eye of each patient was randomly selected for measurements of ACA. The agreement between DLLSS and MPSS was assessed using the Euclidean distance (ED). The angle opening distance (AOD) of 750 µm (AOD750) and trabecular-iris space area (TISA) of 750 µm (TISA750) were calculated using the CASIA2 embedded software. The repeatability of ACA width was measured. RESULTS: The mean age was 60.8±12.3 years (range: 30-85 years) for the normal group and 63.4±10.6 years (range: 40-91 years) for the PACD group. The mean difference in ED for SS localisation between DLLSS and MPSS was 66.50±20.54 µm and 84.78±28.33 µm for the normal group and the PACD group, respectively. The span of 95% limits of agreement between DLLSS and MPSS was 0.064 mm for AOD750 and 0.034 mm2 for TISA750. The respective repeatability coefficients of AOD750 and TISA750 were 0.049 mm and 0.026 mm2 for DLLSS, and 0.058 mm and 0.030 mm2 for MPSS. CONCLUSION: DLLSS achieved comparable repeatability compared with MPSS for measurement of ACA.

10.
Jpn J Ophthalmol ; 66(1): 33-40, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34988757

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the long-term safety and effectiveness of the Preserflo MicroShunt in Japanese primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) patients. STUDY DESIGN: Single-site, nonrandomized observational study. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eight eyes of 7 POAG patients were included. The surgical complications and interventions were monitored. The preoperative and postoperative intraocular pressures (IOPs), numbers of antiglaucoma medications, logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution visual acuity (VA), mean deviation (MD) slope, and corneal endothelial cell density (CECD) were compared retrospectively. RESULTS: The mean follow-up period was 68.9 months (range, 48-76 months). The baseline IOP of 17.9 ± 3.5 mmHg and the number of glaucoma medications of 3.5 ± 0.5 were significantly reduced at subsequent follow-up visits. At 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6 years postoperatively, the IOPs were 13.8 ± 2.9, 12.8 ± 2.3, 12.1 ± 3.2, 12.6 ± 2.5, 12.3 ± 1.0, and 13.5 ± 3.1 mmHg, respectively, with the use of 1.6 ± 1.4, 1.6 ± 1.6, 1.5 ± 1.4, 1.5 ± 1.4, 1.9 ± 1.3, and 2.0 ± 1.1 medications. Postoperative transient hyphema occurred in 1 eye. Postoperative needling was required in 5 eyes, 12 times in total. No eyes showed significant VA decline, except for 1 eye with a severe central visual field defect that existed preoperatively. The preoperative MD slope of - 1.6 ± 1.2 dB/year improved significantly, to - 0.3 ± 0.2 dB/year (P = 0.023), postoperatively. The baseline CECD decreased from 2595 ± 292 to 2478.4 ± 255 postoperatively. CONCLUSION: The microshunt surgical procedure is safe and effective for Japanese POAG patients.


Assuntos
Glaucoma de Ângulo Aberto , Glaucoma de Ângulo Aberto/diagnóstico , Glaucoma de Ângulo Aberto/cirurgia , Humanos , Pressão Intraocular , Japão/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Eye (Lond) ; 2022 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35001088

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: To investigate changes in corneal endothelial cell density (CECD) after initial Ex-PRESS surgery in Japanese patients with open-angle glaucoma (OAG) followed-up for 36 months. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Corneal specular microscopy was used to examine preoperative and postoperative (3, 6, 12, 24 and 36 months) CECD and CECD changes were analysed. Kaplan-Meier survival curve was used to examine CECD maintained at 95% level, and Cox proportional hazards model was used to detect the risk factors for CECD loss. Intraocular pressure (IOP) changes during the course were also examined. RESULTS: A total of 79 eyes of 79 patients (standalone surgery, 24 cases; combined cataract surgery, 55 cases) were investigated. Preoperative CECD (mean ± SD) was 2521 ± 305 cells/mm² and 2429 ± 366 (P = 0.003, adjusted for Bonferroni correction), 2462 ± 332 (P = 0.002), 2457 ± 317 (P < 0.001), 2433 ± 333 (P < 0.001), and 2387 ± 352 (P < 0.001) at 3, 6, 12, 24 and 36 months, respectively. The decrease rate was calculated as 1.8%/year. Further, 95% maintenance CECD at 36 months was 50.0% (95% confidence interval, 37.1-63.0%). Both univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazard models showed that a low preoperative CECD was a significant risk factor for CECD loss. Baseline IOP of 19.3 ± 5.8 mmHg decreased at all measurement points (P < 0.001) after surgery. CONCLUSION: CECD after initial Ex-PRESS surgery in 36 months might not be clinically problematic. However, longer-term follow-up is necessary, and regular CECD measurement should be performed, especially in patients with low CECD.

12.
Jpn J Ophthalmol ; 66(2): 183-192, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35044562

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To clarify recent trends in glaucoma surgery in Japan, including minimally invasive glaucoma surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. METHODS: We used the Diagnostic Procedure Combination database, a nationwide administrative database in Japan. Patients who underwent glaucoma-related procedures were included. We calculated the number of surgeries stratified by procedures and age categories. We also investigated the number of glaucoma-related procedures in combination with cataract surgery. RESULTS: From fiscal years 2011 to 2019, we identified 134,331 glaucoma-related procedures at 720 hospitals. The total number of glaucoma-related procedures increased by 215% from 6516 in 2011 to 20,569 in 2019. The numbers of filtering surgeries, trabeculotomies, and glaucoma drainage devices with plates [GDD(p +)] procedures significantly increased (P = 0.002, 0.002, and 0.006, respectively), whereas the number of cyclocryotherapy procedures significantly decreased (P = 0.002). The number of iStent procedures increased by 49% from 371 in 2018 to 551 in 2019. The ≥ 65 year age group accounted for > 80% of the iStent procedures. In the 0 to 14 year age group, trabeculotomy accounted for about 70% of the procedures, and the GDD(p +) procedure became the second most common procedure after trabeculotomy because of the decrease in filtering surgeries. Among combination surgeries, trabeculotomy was most frequently performed. The proportion of combination surgery increased, especially in trabeculotomy. CONCLUSIONS: The total number of glaucoma-related procedures increased throughout the observation period. Before 2017 filtering surgery was the most common procedure, whereas trabeculotomy was most common after 2018. The proportion of trabeculotomies performed in combination with cataract surgery continuously increased.


Assuntos
Implantes para Drenagem de Glaucoma , Glaucoma , Trabeculectomia , Glaucoma/epidemiologia , Glaucoma/cirurgia , Humanos , Pressão Intraocular , Japão/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Trabeculectomia/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Jpn J Ophthalmol ; 66(2): 205-212, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35044565

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We aimed to analyze the changes in the visual cortex of a ferret model of ocular hypertension (OH) using cytochrome oxidase (CO) staining. STUDY DESIGN: Experimental. METHODS: OH was induced in 9 ferrets by means of injection of cultured conjunctival cells into the anterior chamber of the right eye. Three ferrets were used as the controls. CO staining was performed to assess the metabolic intensity at the II-III and IVC layers of the visual cortex. RESULTS: The intensities of CO staining in the right and left II-III layers of the primary visual cortex (V1) in the OH ferrets were 39.8 ± 10.3 and 41.9 ± 9.2 arbitrary units, respectively. In the control ferrets, the intensity was 88.1 ± 8.1 arbitrary units. The intensity of CO staining of the II-III layers obtained from the OH eyes was significantly lower than that from the control eyes (unpaired t test, P < .01). The intensities of CO staining in the right and left IVC layers of V1 in the OH ferrets were 60.3 ± 12.8 and 60.0 ± 13.5 arbitrary units, respectively. In the control ferrets, the intensity was 111.4 ± 9.6 arbitrary units. The CO staining intensity of the IVC layer obtained from the OH eyes was significantly lower than that from the control eyes (unpaired t test, P < .01). CONCLUSION: The CO staining intensity was reduced in the visual cortex from OH eyes. This study revealed that OH causes metabolic change in the visual cortex.


Assuntos
Glaucoma , Hipertensão Ocular , Córtex Visual , Animais , Complexo IV da Cadeia de Transporte de Elétrons/metabolismo , Furões/metabolismo , Hipertensão Ocular/diagnóstico , Córtex Visual/metabolismo
14.
PLoS One ; 17(1): e0262548, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35025952

RESUMO

To evaluate the effects of the discontinuation of antithrombotic drugs on intraocular pressure (IOP) reduction and complications from ab interno trabeculotomy for patients with glaucoma. We performed a retrospective chart review on the data of patients treated with antithrombotic agents who have undergone ab interno trabeculotomy through Tanito microhook combined with cataract surgery at the Asahi General Hospital and the Tokyo University Hospital, with 6 months of follow-up. The patients were classified into two groups depending on whether they discontinued (AT-) or continued (AT+) antithrombotic therapy during the perioperative phase. The demographics, pre- and postoperative IOP, medication score, best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), and postoperative complications were analyzed preoperatively and postoperatively at 1 week and 1-6 months. The series included 44 eyes from 44 Japanese patients. The AT- and AT+ groups included 21 eyes from 21 patients and 23 eyes from 23 patients, respectively. The decrease in IOP from the baseline at 1 week postoperative was significantly different between the two groups (p = 0.009), but there were no significant differences observed in the other visits. Hyphema and IOP spikes exceeding 30 mmHg occurred in 10% and 10% of AT- participants, and in 43% and 26% of AT+ participants, respectively. Hyphema and spikes with hyphema occurred more frequently in the AT+ than in the AT- group (p = 0.02 and p = 0.05). The number of patients who had spikes was not significantly different (p = 0.27). In trabeculotomy using the Tanito microhook®, discontinuing antithrombotic therapy had better IOP-lowering effects and less postoperative complications.


Assuntos
Fibrinolíticos/uso terapêutico , Malha Trabecular/cirurgia , Trabeculectomia/métodos , Idoso , Feminino , Seguimentos , Glaucoma/cirurgia , Glaucoma de Ângulo Aberto/cirurgia , Humanos , Pressão Intraocular/efeitos dos fármacos , Japão , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Hipotensão Ocular/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Acuidade Visual
15.
Neuroophthalmology ; 46(1): 44-49, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35095135

RESUMO

A 64-year-old female suffering from lung cancer was treated with crizotinib. Two years later, whitish massive optic disc oedema was observed in the right eye. The fluorescein angiography results were suggestive of uveitis but also revealed leakage from the optic disc, retinal veins, and capillaries in the posterior retina and the periphery. These findings remained for over a year without deterioration of vision and disappeared immediately after crizotinib was replaced with alectinib. Late-onset ocular toxicity by crizotinib was strongly suspected, given the clinical course. This is the first report precisely documenting crizotinib-induced morphological changes in the optic disc and retina.

16.
Ophthalmology ; 129(3): 344-352, 2022 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34560127

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To analyze the incidence of sympathetic ophthalmia (SO) after inciting events (eye trauma or intraocular surgery). DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: Patients experiencing inciting events between 2012 and 2019. Onset of SO was defined as the first date of SO diagnosis. METHODS: Using a nationwide administrative claims database in Japan, we calculated the cumulative incidence of SO after inciting events stratified by sex, 10-year age groups, and a categorical variable of primary or repeated, reflecting the history of inciting events in the past year (no inciting events, inciting events without trauma, or inciting events with trauma) using the Kaplan-Meier approach. We also estimated the adjusted hazard ratio (aHR) by Cox regression. We then restricted the population to those with only 1 inciting event during the observation period to investigate the pure effect of each inciting event. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Cumulative incidence of SO over 60 months. RESULTS: A total of 888 041 inciting events (704 717 patients) were eligible. The total number of SO cases was 263, and the cumulative incidence of SO was 0.044% over 60 months. Female sex was not associated with onset of SO (aHR, 1.01; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.79-1.29; P = 0.95). The group 40 to 49 years of age showed the highest incidence of 0.104% among the age groups (aHR vs. ≥80 years of age group [0.041%], 2.44 [95% CI, 1.56-3.80]; P < 0.001). Repeated inciting events with and without trauma showed higher incidences of SO (0.469% and 0.072%, respectively) than primary inciting events (0.036%) (aHR 11.68 [7.74-17.64] and 2.21 [95% CI, 1.59-3.07], respectively); P < 0.001 and P < 0.001, respectively). The incidence of SO after vitrectomy was much lower than after trauma (0.016% vs. 0.073%), and the incidence after scleral buckling was even lower. CONCLUSIONS: The cumulative incidence of SO over 60 months was estimated to be 0.044% at minimum. Repeated inciting events, especially those with trauma, increased the risk of SO developing. Trauma was 4 to 5 times as likely to induce SO than vitrectomy. The present findings will be valuable for counseling patients about the risks of SO after trauma and before performing intraocular surgeries.


Assuntos
Traumatismos Oculares/epidemiologia , Oftalmia Simpática/epidemiologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Oftalmológicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Bases de Dados Factuais/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Incidência , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Programas Nacionais de Saúde , Oftalmia Simpática/diagnóstico , Oftalmia Simpática/tratamento farmacológico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Distribuição por Sexo
17.
Eye (Lond) ; 36(5): 1066-1073, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34035495

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between exposure to topical ophthalmic antibiotics during pregnancy and adverse neonatal outcomes. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, we identified pregnant women with hordeola, chalazia, blepharitis, or bacterial conjunctivitis from 2005 to 2018 using the Japanese Medical Data Centre Claims Database. From the eligible women, we extracted women who were dispensed no topical antibiotics during the first trimester (non-antibiotic group), women who were dispensed topical fluoroquinolones alone at least once (fluoroquinolone alone group), and women who were dispensed any single type of antibiotic (single-antibiotic group). We compared the frequency of congenital anomalies (CA), preterm birth (PB), low birth weight (LBW), and the composite outcome of these three between the fluoroquinolone and non-antibiotic groups and between the single-antibiotic and non-antibiotic groups, using propensity score adjustment. RESULTS: A total of 891 eligible women were identified. In the fluoroquinolone (n = 409) and non-antibiotic (n = 309) groups, CA occurred in 6.8% and 6.8%, PB in 2.4% and 3.2%, LBW in 2.9% and 3.2%, and the composite outcome in 10.5% and 11.3%, respectively. Analysis using propensity score adjustment showed no significant difference between the groups in the frequency of CA (adjusted odds ratio, 1.15; 95% confidence interval, 0.61-2.18), PB (0.80; 0.30-2.17), LBW (1.08; 0.45-2.63), or the composite outcome (1.12; 0.67-1.87). Comparison of the single-antibiotic and non-antibiotic groups showed similar results. CONCLUSIONS: Topical ophthalmic antibiotics for hordeola, chalazia, blepharitis, or bacterial conjunctivitis during the first trimester were not associated with increased adverse neonatal outcomes.


Assuntos
Blefarite , Calázio , Conjuntivite Bacteriana , Nascimento Prematuro , Antibacterianos/efeitos adversos , Blefarite/induzido quimicamente , Blefarite/tratamento farmacológico , Calázio/induzido quimicamente , Calázio/tratamento farmacológico , Conjuntivite Bacteriana/induzido quimicamente , Conjuntivite Bacteriana/tratamento farmacológico , Conjuntivite Bacteriana/microbiologia , Feminino , Fluoroquinolonas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Gestantes , Nascimento Prematuro/induzido quimicamente , Nascimento Prematuro/tratamento farmacológico , Pontuação de Propensão , Estudos Retrospectivos
18.
Am J Ophthalmol Case Rep ; 25: 101239, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34917856

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Irregular corneal epithelium in limbal stem cell disease can cause visual acuity to deteriorate substantially when it reaches the pupil. In this case series, we assessed the effectiveness of simple corneal epithelial superficial keratectomy in improving visual acuity in patients with irregular corneal epithelium in focal limbal stem cell disease covering the visual axis. OBSERVATIONS: We performed simple corneal epithelial superficial keratectomy in four patients (five eyes) with irregular corneal epithelium covering the visual axis. The main outcome measures were best-corrected visual acuity, slit lamp findings with fluorescein staining, anterior segment optical coherence tomography and histopathology. In all five eyes, slit lamp findings showed uneven fluorescein staining in a spiral pattern, with impaired corneal epithelial smoothness and visual disturbance. We removed the irregular epithelium in all five eyes. Visual acuity in all the eyes was improved immediately after surgery, and good visual acuity and stable epithelium were maintained for the duration of the observation periods. Hematoxylin and eosin staining showed, normal squamous and columnar epithelial cells. Goblet cells were not detected. CONCLUSIONSAND IMPORTANCE: Corneal epithelial superficial keratectomy can lead to a pathological diagnosis by examining the removed epithelial tissues, and result in excellent therapeutic outcomes in focal limbal stem cell disease reaching the pupil.

19.
PLoS One ; 16(10): e0258911, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34673834

RESUMO

Trabecular meshwork constitutes the conventional outflow pathway and controls intraocular pressure by regulating aqueous outflow. Mechanical stimulation has been studied as one of the triggers to regulate aqueous outflow in trabecular meshwork, but it is not well understood. We investigated that how transient receptor potential cation channel subfamily V member 4 (TRPV4) functions in human trabecular meshwork cells (HTMC) and affects intraocular pressure (IOP). HTMC were treated with TRPV4 siRNA, followed by incubation for 24 hours. We confirmed the suppression of TRPV4 mRNA expression and the reduction of Ca2+ influx by the TRPV4 agonist GSK1016790A in TRPV4 siRNA-treated HTMC. TRPV4 siRNA-treated HTMC exhibited a significant reduction in Ca2+ influx and production of arachidonic acid and prostaglandin (PG) E2 induced by mechanical stretch, and direct activation of TRPV4 by GSK1016790A increased production of arachidonic acid, PGE2, and PGD2 and inhibited gel contraction. Furthermore, TRPV4-deficient mice had higher IOP than wild-type mice, and GSK1016790A administration lowered IOP. These results suggest that TRPV4 mediates the cellular response induced by trabecular meshwork stretch, leading to IOP reduction through the production of prostaglandins and inhibition of cell contraction. Targeting TRPV4 may have therapeutic benefits that lead to lowering IOP in glaucoma patients.


Assuntos
Ácido Araquidônico/metabolismo , Dinoprostona/metabolismo , Pressão Intraocular/fisiologia , Canais de Cátion TRPV/metabolismo , Malha Trabecular/metabolismo , Animais , Humanos , Pressão Intraocular/efeitos dos fármacos , Leucina/análogos & derivados , Leucina/farmacologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Estimulação Física , RNA Interferente Pequeno , Sulfonamidas/farmacologia , Canais de Cátion TRPV/genética , Malha Trabecular/efeitos dos fármacos
20.
Jpn J Ophthalmol ; 65(6): 810-819, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34495425

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the long-term safety and efficacy of omidenepag isopropyl (OMDI) 0.002% (a first-in-class, selective, non-prostaglandin, prostanoid EP2 receptor agonist), alone or administered concomitantly with timolol 0.5%, in patients with open-angle glaucoma (OAG, including normal-tension and exfoliation glaucoma) or ocular hypertension (OHT). STUDY DESIGN: Open-label, multicenter, Phase 3 study (NCT02822729). METHODS: Patients aged ≥ 20 years, with OAG or OHT, and a baseline diurnal intraocular pressure (IOP) ≥ 16- < 22 mmHg (Group 1) or ≥ 22- ≤ 34 mmHg (Groups 2 and 3) were enrolled. All patients (N = 125) received OMDI 0.002% once daily. Group 3 also received timolol 0.5% twice daily. IOP was measured at baseline and at Weeks 2, 4, 8, 12, 26, 40, and 52. RESULTS: Significant reductions in mean diurnal IOP from baseline occurred at every visit (P < 0.0001). Mean ± SE diurnal IOP reduction at Week 52 was -3.7 ± 0.3 mmHg (Group 1), -5.6 ± 0.5 mmHg (Group 2), and -8.4 ± 0.6 mmHg (Group 3). Most adverse events (AEs) were mild, and no serious treatment-related AEs were reported. Conjunctival hyperemia (incidence: monotherapy [Groups 1 and 2], 18.8%; concomitant [Group 3], 45.0%) and macular edema (ME)/cystoid macular edema (CME) (incidence: monotherapy, 11.8%; concomitant, 15.0%) occurred most frequently. All treatment-related ME/CME cases occurred in pseudophakic eyes and responded to standard-of-care treatment and study drug discontinuation. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, OMDI 0.002%, alone or administered concomitantly with timolol 0.5%, resulted in sustained IOP reduction over 52 weeks in patients with OAG or OHT. Concomitant treatment resulted in increased efficacy and increased incidence of conjunctival hyperemia.


Assuntos
Glaucoma de Ângulo Aberto , Hipertensão Ocular , Anti-Hipertensivos/efeitos adversos , Método Duplo-Cego , Glaucoma de Ângulo Aberto/diagnóstico , Glaucoma de Ângulo Aberto/tratamento farmacológico , Glicina/análogos & derivados , Humanos , Pressão Intraocular , Hipertensão Ocular/tratamento farmacológico , Soluções Oftálmicas , Pirazóis , Piridinas , Timolol/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
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