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1.
Cancers (Basel) ; 14(9)2022 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35565453

RESUMO

Radiotherapy and chemotherapy represent important treatment modalities for head and neck cancer. Rhinosinusitis and smell alterations are common side effects in the sinonasal region. This review will summarize and analyze our current knowledge of the sinonasal side effects of chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy for head and neck cancer (HNC), with a specific focus on mucosal and olfactory disorders. A review of the English literature was performed using several databases (PubMed, Embase, Cochrane, Scopus). Fifty-six articles were included in qualitative synthesis: 28 assessed mucosal disorders (rhinitis or rhinosinusitis), 26 evaluated olfactory alterations, and 2 articles addressed both topics. The incidence and severity of olfactory dysfunction and chronic rhinosinusitis were highest at the end of radiotherapy and at three months after treatment and decreased gradually over time. Smell acuity deterioration and chronic rhinosinusitis seemed to be related to radiation dose on olfactory area and nasal cavities, but different degrees of recovery were observed. In conclusion, it is important to establish the severity of chronic rhinosinusitis and olfactory dysfunction in order to find strategies to support patients and improve their quality of life.

2.
Tumori ; : 3008916221079662, 2022 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35400269

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: With the availability of multiple treatment options for metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC), new real-world data on disease management and drugs' performance are needed. METHODS: We described characteristics, management and clinical outcomes of patients receiving first-line mCRPC treatment within the Italian cohort of the real-world, prospective, international Prostate Cancer Registry. Patients were enrolled consecutively (2013-2016) in 32 Italian sites and followed for 3 years. RESULTS: 238 patients were included: 157 received first-line abiraterone acetate plus prednisone ("abiraterone" thereafter) and 70 first-line docetaxel; 11 patients receiving other treatments were not considered. Compared with docetaxel-treated patients, those receiving abiraterone were significantly older (age ⩾75: 63.7% vs 38.6%), less frequently had a Gleason score >8 (48.2% vs 67.6%, p<0.005) at initial diagnosis, and more frequently an ECOG score ⩾1 (52.7% vs 36.2%, p<0.05) and comorbidities (76.4% vs 57.1%, p<0.05) at baseline; they reported a lower analgesic use (15.3% vs 30%, p<0.005). In the abiraterone group (median follow-up 22.1 months), median time to progression (TTP) and progression-free survival (PFS) were, respectively, 14.4 months (95% confidence interval, CI, 10.6-18.0) and 13.0 months (95% CI, 9.1-16.8); median overall survival (OS) was not reached, and 3-year OS was 59.1%. In the docetaxel treatment group (median follow-up 25.3 months), median TTP, PFS and OS were, respectively, 8.2 months (95% CI, 6.1-10.3), 8.2 months (95% CI, 5.8-10.3) and 33.2 months (95% CI, 19.2-not estimable). CONCLUSION: This investigation provided valuable information on the overall mCRPC treatment pattern and the effectiveness of first-line abiraterone and docetaxel in a population representative of everyday practice.

3.
Eur J Cancer ; 159: 194-204, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34773903

RESUMO

AIM: Recommendations for managing patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) in non-endemic areas are largely derived from studies conducted in endemic areas. We analysed the impact of treatment approaches on survival in non-endemic areas. METHODS: In an international, multicentre, retrospective study, we analyse consecutive patients with NPC diagnosed between 2004 and 2017 in 36 hospitals from 11 countries. Treatment was categorised as non-intensive (NIT), including radiotherapy alone or concomitant chemoradiotherapy (cCRT), and intensive (IT) including cCRT preceded by and/or followed by chemotherapy (CT). The impact of IT on overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) was adjusted for all the available potential confounders. RESULTS: Overall, 1021 and 1113 patients were eligible for overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) analyses, respectively; 501 and 554 with Epstein Barr-encoded RNA (EBER) status available. In the whole group, 5-year OS was 84% and DFS 65%. The use of NIT was associated with a risk of death or recurrence 1.37 times higher than patients receiving IT. Patients submitted to NIT and induction CT + concurrent concomitant chemo and three-dimensional Conformal Radiation Therapy (3DCRT) had a risk of death or recurrence 1.5 and 1.7 times higher than patients treated with induction CT + cCRT with intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT), respectively. The IT had no impact on OS in neither patients with EBER+ nor in patients with EBER-; IT showed better DFS in EBER+ but not in patients with EBER-. CONCLUSIONS: In low-incidence areas, patients with NPC treated with induction CT followed by concurrent IMRT cCRT achieved the highest DFS rate. The benefit of IT on DFS was restricted to patients with EBER+, suggesting that additional therapy offers no advantages in EBER- cases.


Assuntos
Quimiorradioterapia/métodos , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/terapia , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
JAMA Netw Open ; 4(10): e2128667, 2021 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34648011

RESUMO

Importance: Many patients with cancer who would benefit from psychosocial care do not receive it. Implementation strategies may favor the integration of psychosocial care into practice and improve patient outcomes. Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of the Humanization in Cancer Care (HuCare) Quality Improvement Strategy vs standard care as improvement of at least 1 of 2 domains (emotional or social function) of patient health-related quality of life at baseline and 3 months. A key secondary aim included investigation of the long-term effect. Design, Setting, and Participants: HuCare2 was a multicenter, incomplete, stepped-wedge cluster randomized clinical trial, conducted from May 30, 2016, to August 28, 2019, in three 5-center clusters of cancer centers representative of hospital size and geographic location in Italy. The study was divided into 5 equally spaced epochs. Implementation sequence was defined by a blinded statistician; the nature of the intervention precluded blinding for clinical staff. Participants included consecutive adult outpatients with newly diagnosed cancer of any type and stage starting medical cancer treatment. Interventions: The HuCare Quality Improvement Strategy comprised (1) clinician communication training, (2) on-site visits for context analysis and problem-solving, and (3) implementation of 6 evidence-based recommendations. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary outcome was the difference between the means of changes of individual scores in emotional or social functions of health-related quality of life detected at baseline and 3-month follow-up (within each group) and during the postintervention epoch compared with control periods (between groups). Long-term effect of the intervention (at 12 months) was assessed as a secondary outcome. Intention-to-treat analysis was used. Results: A total of 762 patients (475 [62.3%] women) were enrolled (400 HuCare Quality Improvement Strategy and 362 usual care); mean (SD) age was 61.4 (13.1) years. The HuCare Quality Improvement Strategy significantly improved emotional function during treatment (odds ratio [OR], 1.13; 95% CI, 1.04-1.22; P = .008) but not social function (OR, 0.99; 95% CI, 0.89-1.09; P = .80). Effect on emotional function persisted at 12 months (OR, 1.05; 95% CI, 1.00-1.10; P = .04). Conclusions and Relevance: In this trial, the HuCare Quality Improvement Strategy significantly improved the emotional function aspect of health-related quality of life during cancer treatment and at 12 months, indicating a change in clinician behavior and in ward organization. These findings support the need for strategies to introduce psychosocial care; however, more research is needed on factors that may maximize the effects. Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03008993.


Assuntos
Neoplasias/terapia , Reabilitação Psiquiátrica/normas , Melhoria de Qualidade , Idoso , Análise por Conglomerados , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Itália , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/complicações , Neoplasias/psicologia , Reabilitação Psiquiátrica/métodos , Reabilitação Psiquiátrica/estatística & dados numéricos , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia
5.
JAMA Oncol ; 7(10): 1544-1549, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34436523

RESUMO

IMPORTANCE: Several studies have evaluated cardioprotective strategies to prevent myocardial dysfunction in patients who are receiving cardiotoxic therapies. However, the optimal approach still represents a controversial issue. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether pharmacological cardioprevention could reduce subclinical heart damage in patients with breast cancer who are being treated with anthracycline-based chemotherapy. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: The SAFE trial was a 4-arm, randomized, phase 3, double-blind, placebo-controlled, national multicentric study conducted at 8 oncology departments in Italy. It was a prespecified interim analysis on the first 174 patients who had completed cardiac assessment at 12 months. The study recruitment was conducted between July 2015 and June 2020. The interim analysis was performed in 2020. Patients were eligible for trial inclusion if they had indication to receive primary or postoperative systemic therapy using an anthracycline-based regimen. Patients with a prior diagnosis of cardiovascular disease were excluded. INTERVENTIONS: Cardioprotective therapy (bisoprolol, ramipril, or both drugs compared with placebo) was administered for 1 year from the initiation of chemotherapy or until the end of trastuzumab therapy in case of ERBB2-positive patients. Doses for all groups were systematically up-titrated up to the daily target dose of bisoprolol (5 mg, once daily), ramipril (5 mg, once daily), and placebo, if tolerated. MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES: The primary end point was defined as detection of any subclinical impairment (worsening ≥10%) in myocardial function and deformation measured with standard and 3-dimensional (3D) echocardiography, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), and global longitudinal strain (GLS). RESULTS: The analysis was performed on 174 women (median age, 48 years; range, 24-75 years) who had completed a cardiological assessment at 12 months and reached the end of treatment. At 12 months, 3D-LVEF worsened by 4.4% in placebo arm and 3.0%, 1.9%, 1.3% in the ramipril, bisoprolol, ramipril plus bisoprolol arms, respectively (P = .01). Global longitudinal strain worsened by 6.0% in placebo arm and 1.5% and 0.6% in the ramipril and bisoprolol arms, respectively, whereas it was unchanged (0.1% improvement) in the ramipril plus bisoprolol arm (P < .001). The number of patients showing a reduction of 10% or greater in 3D-LVEF was 8 (19%) in the placebo arm, 5 (11.5%) in the ramipril arm, 5 (11.4%) in the bisoprolol, arm and 3 (6.8%) in the ramipril plus bisoprolol arm; 15 patients (35.7%) who received placebo showed a 10% or greater worsening of GLS compared with 7 (15.9; ramipril), 6 (13.6%; bisoprolol), and 6 (13.6%; ramipril plus bisoprolol) (P = .03). CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: The interim analysis of this randomized clinical trials suggested that cardioprotective pharmacological strategies in patients who were affected by breast cancer and were receiving an anthracycline-based chemotherapy are well tolerated and seem to protect against cancer therapy-related LVEF decline and heart remodeling. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT2236806.


Assuntos
Antraciclinas , Neoplasias da Mama , Antraciclinas/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Volume Sistólico , Trastuzumab/efeitos adversos , Função Ventricular Esquerda
6.
Diagnostics (Basel) ; 11(6)2021 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34071518

RESUMO

Baseline clinical prognostic factors for recurrent and/or metastatic (RM) head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) treated with immunotherapy are lacking. CT-based radiomics may provide additional prognostic information. A total of 85 patients with RM-HNSCC were enrolled for this study. For each tumor, radiomic features were extracted from the segmentation of the largest tumor mass. A pipeline including different feature selection steps was used to train a radiomic signature prognostic for 10-month overall survival (OS). Features were selected based on their stability to geometrical transformation of the segmentation (intraclass correlation coefficient, ICC > 0.75) and their predictive power (area under the curve, AUC > 0.7). The predictive model was developed using the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) in combination with the support vector machine. The model was developed based on the first 68 enrolled patients and tested on the last 17 patients. Classification performance of the radiomic risk was evaluated accuracy and the AUC. The same metrics were computed for some baseline predictors used in clinical practice (volume of largest lesion, total tumor volume, number of tumor lesions, number of affected organs, performance status). The AUC in the test set was 0.67, while accuracy was 0.82. The performance of the radiomic score was higher than the one obtainable with the clinical variables (largest lesion volume: accuracy 0.59, AUC = 0.55; number of tumoral lesions: accuracy 0.71, AUC 0.36; number of affected organs: accuracy 0.47; AUC 0.42; total tumor volume: accuracy 0.59, AUC 0.53; performance status: accuracy 0.41, AUC = 0.47). Radiomics may provide additional baseline prognostic value compared to the variables used in clinical practice.

7.
Future Oncol ; 17(26): 3445-3456, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34044585

RESUMO

Background: Eribulin shows some activity in controlling brain metastasis in breast cancer. Methods: This observational, multicenter study evaluated brain disease control rates, survival and safety in patients with brain metastatic breast cancer treated with eribulin in clinical practice. Results: A total of 34 patients were enrolled (mean age 49 years, 91% with visceral metastases) and 29 were evaluable for brain disease. Fourteen achieved disease control and showed a longer time without progression: 10 months (95% CI: 2.3-17.7) versus 4 months (95% CI: 3.3-4.7) in the control group (p = 0.029). Patients with clinical benefits at 6 months had longer survival. Leukopenia and neutropenia were the most frequent grade 3-4 toxicities. Conclusion: Eribulin confirms its effectiveness in patients with brain metastatic breast cancer. Further studies on larger cohorts are needed to confirm the results.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas/mortalidade , Neoplasias da Mama/mortalidade , Furanos/uso terapêutico , Cetonas/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Idoso , Neoplasias Encefálicas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Encefálicas/secundário , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
8.
Ann Med ; 53(1): 541-550, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33769181

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Many types of research have been performed to improve the diagnosis, therapy, and prognosis of oropharyngeal carcinomas (OP-SCCs). Since they arise in lymphoid-rich areas and intense lymphocytic infiltration has been related to a better prognosis, a TREM-1 putative function in tumour progression and survival has been hypothesized. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-seven human papillomavirus (HPV) 16+ OP-SCC specimens have been analyzed to relate TREM-1 expression with histiocytic and lymphocytic markers, HPV presence and patients' outcome. RESULTS: No differences have been shown between intratumoral and stromal CD4+ cells, while intratumoral CD8+ lymphocytes are higher with respect to the tumour stroma (p = .0005). CD68+ cells are more than CD35+ and TREM-1+; their presence is related to CD35± and TREM-1± histiocytes (p = .005 and .026, respectively). Intratumoral CD4+ lymphocytes are higher in p16+ cases (11/27) than in p16- (p = .042); moreover, p16 positivity correlates to a better survival (p = .034). CD4+, CD8+ and CD35+ cells have no impact on survival, while CD68 expression heavily influences progression and bad outcome (p = .037). TREM-1 positivity also leads to worst overall survival (p = .001): peritumoral expression and death-cause relationship are always significant, particularly when the cause is OP-SCC (p = .000). CONCLUSION: While p16 shows to better stratify HPV16+ patients' outcome, TREM-1+ macrophages suggest their key importance in HPV-related OP-SCCs progression.KEY MESSAGESTREM-1 positivity correlates to the worst overall survival of HPV16-positive OPSCCs-affected patients.p16-positive HPV16 related OPSCCs patients have a better prognosis with respect to p16-negative ones.


Assuntos
Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/genética , Papillomavirus Humano 16 , Infecções por Papillomavirus/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/genética , Receptor Gatilho 1 Expresso em Células Mieloides/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/virologia , Humanos , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infecções por Papillomavirus/virologia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/virologia
9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33283139

RESUMO

PURPOSE: A large proportion of patients with cancer suffer from breakthrough cancer pain (BTcP). Several unmet clinical needs concerning BTcP treatment, such as optimal opioid dosages, are being investigated. In this analysis the hypothesis, we explore with an unsupervised learning algorithm whether distinct subtypes of BTcP exist and whether they can provide new insights into clinical practice. METHODS: Partitioning around a k-medoids algorithm on a large data set of patients with BTcP, previously collected by the Italian Oncologic Pain Survey group, was used to identify possible subgroups of BTcP. Resulting clusters were analyzed in terms of BTcP therapy satisfaction, clinical features, and use of basal pain and rapid-onset opioids. Opioid dosages were converted to a unique scale and the BTcP opioids-to-basal pain opioids ratio was calculated for each patient. We used polynomial logistic regression to catch nonlinear relationships between therapy satisfaction and opioid use. RESULTS: Our algorithm identified 12 distinct BTcP clusters. Optimal BTcP opioids-to-basal pain opioids ratios differed across the clusters, ranging from 15% to 50%. The majority of clusters were linked to a peculiar association of certain drugs with therapy satisfaction or dissatisfaction. A free online tool was created for new patients' cluster computation to validate these clusters in future studies and provide handy indications for personalized BTcP therapy. CONCLUSION: This work proposes a classification for BTcP and identifies subgroups of patients with unique efficacy of different pain medications. This work supports the theory that the optimal dose of BTcP opioids depends on the dose of basal opioids and identifies novel values that are possibly useful for future trials. These results will allow us to target BTcP therapy on the basis of patient characteristics and to define a precision medicine strategy also for supportive care.

10.
Ther Adv Med Oncol ; 12: 1758835920968725, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33193831

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Real-world data on chemotherapy-naïve patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) treated with abiraterone plus prednisone are limited, largely deriving from small retrospective studies. METHODS: ABitude is an Italian, observational, prospective, multicenter study of mCRPC patients receiving abiraterone plus prednisone in clinical practice. Chemotherapy-naïve mCRPC patients were consecutively enrolled at abiraterone start (February 2016 to June 2017) and are being followed for 3 years, with evaluation approximately every 6 months. Several clinical and patients reported outcomes were examined. RESULTS: In this second interim analysis, among 481 enrolled patients, 453 were evaluable for analyses. At baseline, the median age was 77 years and ~69% of patients had comorbidities (mainly cardiovascular diseases). Metastases were located mainly at bones and lymph nodes; 8.4% of patients had visceral metastases. During a median follow-up of 18 months, 1- and 2-year probability of radiographic progression-free survival were 73.9% and 56.2%, respectively; the corresponding rates for overall survival were 87.3% and 70.4%. In multivariable analyses, the number of bone metastases significantly affected radiographic progression-free survival and overall survival. During abiraterone plus prednisone treatment, 65% of patients had a ⩾50% prostate-specific antigen decline, and quality of life remained appreciably high. Among symptomatic patients according to the Brief Pain Inventory) (32%), scores significantly declined after 6 months of treatment. Overall, eight patients (1.7%) had serious adverse reactions to abiraterone. CONCLUSIONS: Abiraterone plus prednisone is effective and safe for chemotherapy-naïve mCRPC patients in clinical practice.

11.
Acta Otorhinolaryngol Ital ; 40(SUPPL. 1): S1-S86, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32469009
12.
Breast Care (Basel) ; 15(1): 30-37, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32231495

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Different studies suggest that fulvestrant 500 mg every 28 days (HD-FUL) could be an active treatment in HR+ advanced breast cancer (ABC) patients even treated with aromatase inhibitors in the adjuvant setting. The aim of this analysis is to describe the outcome of ABC patients treated with HD-FUL as first-line treatment in terms of median duration of treatment and the overall response rate in a real-world setting. METHODS: For the purpose of the present analysis, we considered two data sets of HR+ ABC patients collected in Italy between 2012 and 2015 (EVA and GIM-13 AMBRA studies). RESULTS: Eighty-one and 91 patients have been identified from the two data sets. The median age was 63 years (range 35-82) for the EVA and 57.8 years (range 35.0-82.3) for the AMBRA patients. ORRs were 23.5 and 24.3% in the whole population, 26.9% in the patients with bone only, and 21.8 and 21.4% in those with visceral metastases. The median duration of HD-FUL was 11.6 months (range 1-48) and 12.4 months (range 2.9-70.0) in the two data sets, respectively. CONCLUSION: These data suggest that HD-FUL should still continue to play a significant role as first-line therapy in HR+ ABC patients.

13.
Expert Opin Drug Saf ; 19(2): 187-204, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32005072

RESUMO

Introduction: A range of combination chemotherapy regimens are currently used in clinical practice. However, international antiemetic guidelines often only categorize the emetogenic potential of single agents rather than the emetogenicity of combination chemotherapy regimens. To manage the nausea and vomiting induced by antineoplastic combinations, guidelines suggest antiemetics that are appropriate for the component drug with the highest emetogenic potential. Furthermore, antiemetic guidelines generally do not consider the influence of other factors, including individual patient characteristics, on the emetic effects of cancer treatments. Similarly, the emetogenic potential of radiotherapy is stratified only according to the site of radiation, while other factors contributing to emetic risk are overlooked.Areas covered: An Expert Panel was convened to examine unresolved issues and summarize the current clinical research on managing nausea and vomiting associated with combination chemotherapy and radiotherapy.Expert opinion: The panel identified the incidence of nausea and vomiting induced by multi-drug combination therapies currently used to treat cancer at different anatomic sites and by radiotherapy in the presence of other risk factors. Based on these data and the clinical experience of panel members, several suggestions are made for a practical approach to prevent or manage nausea and vomiting due to chemotherapy regimens and radiation therapy.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Náusea/prevenção & controle , Radioterapia/efeitos adversos , Vômito/prevenção & controle , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Incidência , Náusea/epidemiologia , Náusea/etiologia , Neoplasias/terapia , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Fatores de Risco , Vômito/epidemiologia , Vômito/etiologia
14.
Crit Rev Oncol Hematol ; 138: 51-59, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31092385

RESUMO

Head and neck cancer (HNC) can have a devastating impact on patient's lives as both disease and treatment may affect the ability to speak, swallow and breathe. These conditions limit the oral intake of food and drugs, reduce social functioning and impact on patient's quality of life. Up to 80% of patients suffering from HNC have pain due to the spread of the primary tumor, because of consequences of surgery, or by developing oral mucositis, dysphagia or neuropathy as toxic side effects of radiotherapy, chemotherapy or both. All healthcare professionals caring for HNC patients should assess palliative and supportive care needs in initial treatment planning and throughout the disease, with awareness when specialist palliative care expertise is needed. This paper focuses on assessment, characterizations and clinical management of pain in advanced HNC patients undergoing surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy, also underlining the importance of symptom assessment in HNC survivors and the need of clinical research in this field.


Assuntos
Dor do Câncer/etiologia , Dor do Câncer/terapia , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/complicações , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Dor do Câncer/diagnóstico , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida
15.
Breast J ; 25(3): 444-449, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30932296

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Significant and symptomatic cardiac comorbidity is a contraindication to adjuvant trastuzumab in breast cancer patients. However, some patients with asymptomatic, nonlimiting cardiac comorbidity and normal baseline left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) receive adjuvant trastuzumab in the clinical practice. We sought to describe the tolerability of trastuzumab in these patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis of patients with baseline asymptomatic, nonlimiting cardiac comorbidity receiving adjuvant trastuzumab at six Institutions between July 2007 and January 2016. RESULTS: Thirty-seven patients with HER2-positive, surgery treated breast cancer at high risk of relapse were studied. Median age was 64 years (range 36-82), median baseline LVEF 61% (range 50%-85%). Thirteen patients (35%) received trastuzumab with adjuvant anthracycline and taxane-based regimens, 19 (51%) with taxane-based, three (8%) with off-label vinorelbine and two (5%) with off-label endocrine therapy. Most frequent cardiac comorbidities were ischemic heart disease (35%), valvular disease (30%), atrial fibrillation (19%), and conduction disorders (14%). Nine patients (24.3%) experienced a cardiac event: congestive heart failure (one patient, 3%), asymptomatic LVEF reduction (six patients, 16%), and rhythm disturbances (two patients, 5%). Trastuzumab had to be discontinued either permanently (five patients, 14%) or temporarily (two patients, 5%). At the time of last follow-up visit, all patients showed LVEF within normal limits, except one who had experienced a symptomatic cardiac event (LVEF value at last follow-up 46%). CONCLUSIONS: Caution is needed in patients with significant ongoing cardiovascular risk factors, but when adjuvant trastuzumab is deemed beneficial on breast cancer outcomes, nonlimiting cardiac comorbidity should not preclude treatment.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Cardiotoxicidade/etiologia , Trastuzumab/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Cardiotoxicidade/epidemiologia , Feminino , Cardiopatias/epidemiologia , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Trastuzumab/administração & dosagem , Resultado do Tratamento , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/epidemiologia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/etiologia
16.
Med Oncol ; 36(5): 44, 2019 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30968205

RESUMO

Dysgeusia and nausea are common side effects observed in head and neck cancer patients treated with either exclusive radiotherapy or combined modality treatment. The aim of the present study was to prospectively evaluate dysgeusia, during treatment and follow-up, using the chemotherapy-induced taste alteration scale (CiTAS), a metrics based on 18-items exploring three dimensions (quantitative and qualitative changes in taste perception, and diet-related issues) identified through a four-factor analysis: decline in basic taste, discomfort, phantogeusia-parageusia, and general taste alterations. Moreover, we scored, according to Common Toxicity Criteria Adverse Events, nausea and other treatment-related toxicities. Since, ginger is traditionally used to prevent and/or treat nausea and vomiting, we prophylactically employed a ginger-based supplement named Naumix/Naugin (Gamfarma, Milan, Italy), to potentially mitigate both nausea and taste impairment. Using the CiTAS scale, we highlighted a progressive increase in all dysgeusia dimensions, peaking at the VII week of treatment and a subsequent partial late recovery. In particular, we observed a recovery for discomfort, phantogeusia-parageusia, and general taste alterations at 6 months. Grade 2 nausea, observed to be as low as 12.9% potentially due to the use of ginger, peaked at the III week of treatment. Finally, for patients experiencing nausea, the dysgeusia dimension of discomfort was also relevant.


Assuntos
Disgeusia/etiologia , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/complicações , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/radioterapia , Náusea/etiologia , Paladar/efeitos da radiação , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antieméticos/uso terapêutico , Progressão da Doença , Disgeusia/diagnóstico , Disgeusia/patologia , Disgeusia/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Gengibre , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Náusea/diagnóstico , Náusea/patologia , Náusea/prevenção & controle , Estudos Prospectivos , Radioterapia/efeitos adversos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
17.
PLoS One ; 14(3): e0213934, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30893350

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We conducted a multicenter retrospective analysis to describe the characteristics, frequency of skeletal-related events (SREs), and prognosis of head and neck cancer (HNC) in patients with bone metastases (BM). PATIENTS AND METHODS: The data of 192 HNC patients with BMs were collected. Analyses were conducted separately in 64 nasopharyngeal cancer (NPC) patients and in 128 non-NPC patients. RESULTS: SREs occurred in 34 (27%) non-NPC and in 6 (9%) NPC patients, respectively. Median overall survival (OS) was 25 and 6 months in NPC and non-NPC patients, respectively. Locoregional recurrence (hazard ratio [HR] 2.33, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.1-4.93), synchronous BM (HR 0.25, 95% CI 0.59-0.71) and bone-directed therapies (BDT) (HR 0.26, 95% CI 0.10-0.68) were independent prognostic factors for OS in NPC patients. Combined bone radiotherapy (RT) and BDT in NPC patients obtained longer survival (38 months) than either therapy alone (25 months) or neither of these therapies (8 months). CONCLUSIONS: Patients with BMs from non-NPC have a poor prognosis and are at high risk of SREs. NPC patients with BMs are at relatively low risk of SREs. BDT may potentially improve survival, particularly when combined with bone RT. This last finding deserves prospective confirmation.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas/patologia , Osso e Ossos/patologia , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/patologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias Ósseas/secundário , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
19.
Oncotarget ; 9(61): 31877-31887, 2018 08 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30159129

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The present analysis focuses on real-world data of Everolimus-Exemestane in advanced HR+ve, HER2-ve elderly breast cancer patients (aged 65 years) included in the EVA study, with unique findings in those aged 70 years. METHODS: Data are collected from clinical records and analysed according to age cut-off (< 65 years; 65 - 69 years and {greater than or equal to} 70 years). Relationship of analyzed variables with response were tested by mean of a Mantel-Haenszel chi square test. Time to event analysis was described by Kaplan Meier approach and association with baseline characteristics was analysed by stratified log-rank test and proportional hazard model. RESULTS: From July 2013 to December 2015, the EVA study enrolled overall 404 pts. 154 patients out of 404 (38,1%) were aged {greater than or equal to} 65 years, of whom 87 were {greater than or equal to} 70 years. Median duration of EVE treatment was 28.5 weeks (95% CI 19.0 - 33.8) in patients aged 65-69 years and 24,4 weeks (95% CI 19,2 - 33,2) in those aged {greater than or equal to} 70 years. Fewer patients aged 65 years received the highest EVE Dose-Intensity (>7.5 mg/day) in comparison to younger patients (49,6% vs. 66,8%). Grade 3-4 toxicities occurred to 55 patients (35,7%), mainly stomatitis (10,9%), rash (5,8%) and non-infectious pneumonitis (NIP) (3,6%). Some toxicities, such as weight loss and anaemia were peculiarly observed in patients aged {greater than or equal to} 70 years. Five treatment-related deaths were collected (3,2%). CONCLUSIONS: EVE-EXE combination remains one of the potential treatments in HR+ patients also for elderly ones.

20.
Cancers (Basel) ; 10(6)2018 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29865170

RESUMO

Background: The aim of this study was to identify potential variables influencing the clinical presentation of breakthrough cancer pain (BTP). Methods: Cancer patients with a diagnosis of BTP were enrolled. Demographic and clinical characteristics, as well as background pain and BTP characteristics were collected. Multivariate analyses were conducted to assess the correlation between BTP characteristics and the variables examined. Results: Data of 4016 patients were analysed. Average daily number of BTP episodes was 2.4, mean intensity was 7.5, and a mean duration was 43.3 min. A short onset BTP was observed in 68.9% of patients. In 30.5% of patients BTP was predictable. There were 86.0% of participants who reported a marked interference of BTP with their daily activities. Furthermore, 86.8% of patients were receiving opioids for the management of BTP. The average time to meaningful pain relief was 16.5 min and 70.9% of patients were satisfied with their BTP medications. Age, head and neck cancer, Karnofsky, background pain intensity, predictable and fast onset BTP were independently associated with the number of BTP episodes. BTP pain intensity was independently associated with background pain intensity, fast onset BTP, and Karnofsky. Neuropathic pain mechanism was independently associated with unpredictable BTP. Variables independently associated with a longer duration of BTP were age, place of visit, cancer diagnosis, disease-oriented therapy, background pain intensity and mechanism, and unpredictable BTP. Age, Karnofsky, background pain intensity, fast onset, and long duration of BTP were independently associated with interference with daily activity. Conclusions: BTP has a variable presentation depending on interdependent relationships among its different characteristics.

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