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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33036886

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess current practice in adult cardiac surgery during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) across European and non-European countries. DESIGN: International, multicenter, web-based survey including 28 multiple choice questions addressing hemodynamic and tissue oxygenation parameters, organ protection measures, and the monitoring and usage of anesthetic drugs as part of the anesthetic and perfusion practice during CPB. SETTING: Online survey endorsed by the European Association of Cardiothoracic Anesthesiologists. PARTICIPANTS: Representatives of anesthesiology departments in European and non-European adult cardiac surgical centers. INTERVENTIONS: None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: The survey was distributed via e-mail to European Association of Cardiothoracic Anesthesiologists members (n = 797) and kept open for 1 month. The response rate was 34% (n = 271). After exclusion of responses from the same centers and of incomplete answers, data from 202 cardiac centers in 56 countries, of which 67% of centers were university hospitals, were analyzed. Optimization of pump flows and tissue oxygenation parameters during CPB were applied by the majority of centers, with target flow rates of >2.2 L/min/m2 in 93% (n = 187) of centers and mean arterial blood pressures between 51 and 90 mmHg in 85% (n = 172). Hemoglobin transfusion triggers were either individualized or between 7 and 8 g/dL in 92% (n = 186) of centers. Mixed venous oxyhemoglobin saturations were assessed routinely in 59% (n = 120) and lactate in 88% (n = 178) of cardiac surgery units. Noninvasive cerebral saturation monitoring was used in a subgroup of patients or routinely in 84% (n = 169) of sites, and depth-of-anesthesia monitoring was used routinely in 53% (n = 106). Transesophageal echocardiography and pulmonary artery catheters were used routinely or in subgroups of patients in 97% (n = 195) and 71% (n = 153) of centers, respectively. The preferred site for temperature monitoring was the nasopharynx in 66% (n = 134) of centers. Anesthetic techniques were variable, with 26% of centers (n = 52) using low-tidal-volume ventilation and 28% (n = 57) using continuous positive airway pressure during CPB. Volatile agents were used routinely as the only agent during CPB in 36% sites (n = 73) and propofol in 47% (n = 95). Other drugs routinely administered included magnesium in 45% (n = 91), steroids in 18% (n = 37), tranexamic acid in 88% (n = 177), and aprotinin in 15% (n = 30) of the centers. CONCLUSION: This international CPB survey revealed that techniques for optimization of pump flow and oxygenation during CPB usually were applied. Furthermore, cerebral and hemodynamic monitoring devices were frequently used during CPB. However, most CPB-related anesthetic techniques and medications were more variable. More high-quality randomized controlled trials are needed to assess anesthetic techniques and organ protection.

2.
J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth ; 33(2): 406-415, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30115517

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe global practices for on-table extubation (OTE) in pediatric cardiac anesthesia in European and non-European countries. DESIGN: Multiple-choice, web-based survey with 34 questions addressing organizational data, existence of OTE programs, inclusion and exclusion criteria for OTE, and intraoperative and immediate postoperative management. SETTING: Online survey endorsed by the European Association of Cardiothoracic Anesthesiologists. PARTICIPANTS: Anesthesiologists departments in European and non-European pediatric cardiac surgical centers. INTERVENTIONS: None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: The survey was sent to 144 pediatric cardiac surgical centers in 29 countries as a web-based questionnaire. Addressees were pediatric cardiac anesthesiologists who were members of European Association of Cardiothoracic Anesthesiologists or were known to the authors. The response rate was 63%. Fifty percent of the respondents were practicing in university hospitals. The survey demonstrated that 76% of the respondents practiced OTE, with 50% of the pediatric cardiac anesthesiologists regularly performing OTE in different proportions, ranging from 1 to 51% of on-pump pediatric cardiac surgeries. Seventy-seven percent of respondents made their decision to perform OTE on an individual case-by-case basis. Seventy-eight percent of the congenital cardiac lesions deemed eligible for OTE fell into Risk Adjustment for Congenital Heart Surgery-1 categories 1 and 2. In patients for whom OTE was planned, anesthesia primarily was maintained using a combined inhalational and intravenous technique. The main reasons not to perform OTE were that it was deemed to provide no major advantage (45%), to be dangerous (9%), or to decrease operating room efficiency by increasing operating room turnover time (36%). CONCLUSION: The survey demonstrated that the majority of the approached pediatric cardiac anesthesiologists practice OTE regularly in pediatric cardiac surgery. Frequency of OTE and inclusion criteria vary widely. The observations made in this survey should prompt appropriately powered, randomized controlled clinical trials to examine the effect of OTE on various effectiveness and safety outcomes.


Assuntos
Extubação/estatística & dados numéricos , Anestesia/métodos , Anestesiologistas/estatística & dados numéricos , Competência Clínica , Tomada de Decisões , Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Seguimentos , Humanos , Mesas Cirúrgicas , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios/normas , Estudos Retrospectivos
4.
Saudi J Anaesth ; 12(3): 379-383, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30100834

RESUMO

Context: The South Asian region is comprised of eight countries, i.e., Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Afghanistan, Bhutan, Nepal, and Maldives. There is dearth of literature documenting anesthesia research in this region. Aim: The aim of this audit was to look at research productivity in the region by examining the volume and the type of anesthesia publication in five high-index anesthesia journals. Settings and Design: The study design was a survey of literature in the top five high-impact anesthesiology journals carried out at a tertiary care hospital. Materials and Methods: The journal citation report 2016 was accessed to identify the top five anesthesia journals based on their impact factor. We identified articles published in these journals between January 2000 and December 2015. Statistical Analysis: Microsoft Excel 2003 worksheet was used for data collection from extracted articles. Results: The highest number of publications came from India (n = 487) 95.9%; 58.5% of these were correspondence, 21% were original articles, 12.8% were case reports and case series, 1.2% reviews, and 1% editorials. Fourteen articles were published from Pakistan, with 1.2% original articles, 0.8% letter to editor, 0.6% audits, and 0.2% case reports. Nepal and Sri Lanka contributed seven publications. There were no publications in these journals from authors from Bangladesh, Afghanistan, Bhutan, and Maldives in the reviewed journals. The highest number of publications was equally distributed between two journals, i.e., "Anesthesia and Analgesia" (29.5%) and "Anesthesia" (28.9%). Conclusion: We found that scientific contributions from the South Asian region in terms of original anesthesiology research in five high index anesthesiology journals was suboptimal and has not shown an increasing trend over the last 16 years.

5.
J Coll Physicians Surg Pak ; 28(3): 180-183, 2018 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29544571

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the intravenous boluses and intravenous continuous infusion of tranexamic acid (TXA) to reduce postoperative bleeding in cyanotic congenital heart disease surgeries. STUDY DESIGN: Single-blinded randomised clinical trial. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Anaesthesia Department, The Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, from July 2016 to April 2017. METHODOLOGY: Sixty patients of cyanotic congenital heart disease, undergoing either palliative or corrective surgery involving cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), were recruited. These 60 patients were divided randomly into two groups. The infusion group received intravenous infusion of TXA at 5 mg/kg/hour while the bolus group received three intravenous boluses of 10 mg/kg after induction, after going to bypass and after protamine reversal. Data was collected through predesigned proforma. There were two primary outcomes: postoperative bleeding in the first 24 hours, and chest closure time. RESULTS: Postoperative bleeding was 13.94 (10.27-20.18) ml/kg in the first 24 hours in infusion group and 15.05 (9.0423.50) ml/kg in the bolus group. Chest closure time was 38.5 (25-45) in infusion group and 30 (20-46.25) minutes in the bolus group. There was no statistically significant and clinical difference between both groups regarding postoperative bleeding in the first 24 hours and chest closure time. CONCLUSION: These infusion and bolus groups had comparable postoperative bleeding and chest closure time.


Assuntos
Antifibrinolíticos/administração & dosagem , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica/prevenção & controle , Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia , Infusões Intravenosas , Injeções Intravenosas , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Ácido Tranexâmico/administração & dosagem , Administração Intravenosa , Adolescente , Adulto , Antifibrinolíticos/uso terapêutico , Ponte Cardiopulmonar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/tratamento farmacológico , Ácido Tranexâmico/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
6.
J Coll Physicians Surg Pak ; 27(9): S68-S70, 2017 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28969727

RESUMO

Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (IMT), also called pseudo-tumor, is a very rare condition and accounts for less than 1% of primary lung tumor. It is most common benign tumor of lung in children. This case is reported with the objective of highlighting the role of manual trans-tracheal high frequency positive pressure ventilation (HFPPV) in facilitating surgical resection with maintenance of adequate oxygenation and a little compromised ventilation. A9-year boy, weighing 21 kg, was diagnosed as a case of IMTof left main bronchus on biopsy and was successfully treated by surgical excision through left thoracotomy. HFPPV through improvised technique was used for ventilation and oxygenation during surgery. Total Intravenous anaesthesia with propofol infusion and increments of fentanyl was used during HFPPV. After the completion of the surgery, conventional positive pressure ventilation (PPV) was continued through the endotracheal tube (ETT) to check any bronchial stump leak. After the surgery, patient was weaned and extubated in the operating room. Hospital course remained uneventful and the patient was discharged after 6 days. HFPPV with manually improvised technique is applicable in carinal surgery for optimization of oxygenation, ventilation, and uninterrupted surgical resection.


Assuntos
Ventilação de Alta Frequência , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Granuloma de Células Plasmáticas Pulmonar/cirurgia , Toracotomia/métodos , Traqueia/cirurgia , Criança , Humanos , Masculino , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
J Pak Med Assoc ; 67(7): 1019-1023, 2017 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28770879

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the incidence and pattern of thrombocytopenia in cardiac surgery patients. METHODS: This prospective, cohort study was conducted at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, from November 2014 to April 2015, and comprised adult cardiac patients. Patients with platelet count less than 150,000 x 109/L, history of malignancy, immune thrombocytopenic purpura and on chemo or radiotherapy were excluded. All information including demographics, platelet count, heparin doses, total cardiopulmonary bypass time, cross-clamp time, blood products transfused, any thromboembolic complication and the presence of infection were recorded on a pre-designed proforma. SPSS 19 was used for data analysis.. RESULTS: Of the 177 patients, 130(73.4%) were males and 47(26.6%) were females. The overall mean age was 59.21±10.99 years. Thrombocytopenia was observed in 167(94.4%) patients. Of them, platelet count dropped below 50% in 71(42.5%) patients, 30-50% in 68(40.7%) patients and 20-30% in 28(16.8%) from the baseline value. Regarding pattern of thrombocytopenia, maximum drop in platelet count was noticed on 2nd and 3rd day of surgery. Furthermore, 9(5.3%) patients developed severe thrombocytopenia (<50,000 x 109/L). CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of thrombocytopenia and its severity after cardiac surgery was very high in our study population when compared with western population.


Assuntos
Ponte de Artéria Coronária , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Trombocitopenia/epidemiologia , Idoso , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Estudos de Coortes , Unidades de Cuidados Coronarianos , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Paquistão/epidemiologia , Estudos Prospectivos
11.
J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad ; 28(4): 639-643, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28828765

RESUMO

Background: Fast-track cardiac surgery programs have been established as the standard of cardiac surgical care. Studies have shown that early extubation in elective cardiac surgery patients, including coronary and non-coronary open-heart surgery patients does not increase perioperative morbidity and mortality. The objective of this observational study was to determine the success and failure profile of fast track extubation (FTE) practice in adult open-heart surgical patients. Methods: The study was conducted at cardiac operating room and Cardiac Intensive Care Unit (CICU) of a tertiary care hospital for a period of nine months, i.e., from Oct 2014 to June-2015. All on pump elective adult cardiac surgery patients including isolated CABG, isolated Valve replacements, combined procedures and aortic root replacements were enrolled in the study. Standardized anesthetic technique was adopted. Surgical and bypass techniques were tailored according to the procedure. Success of Fast track extubation was defined as extubation within 6 hours of arrival in CICU. Results: A total of 290 patients were recruited. The average age of the patients was 56.3±10.5 years. There were 77.6% male and 22.4% female patients. Overall success rate was 51.9% and failure rate was 48.1%. The peri-operative renal insufficiency, cross clamp time and CICU stay (hours) were significantly lower in success group. Re-intubation rate was 0.74%. Conclusion: The perioperative parameters were significantly better in success group and the safety was also demonstrated in the patients who were fast tracked successfully. To implement the practice in its full capacity and benefit, a fast track protocol needs to be devised to standardize the current practices and to disseminate the strategy among junior anaesthesiologists, perfusionists and nursing staff.


Assuntos
Extubação , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Centros de Atenção Terciária , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Intubação Intratraqueal , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Tempo
12.
J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad ; 28(4): 793-797, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28586614

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients presenting for cardiac surgery have unstable cardiovascular disease and haemodynamics with multiple coexisting diseases. Optimal monitoring in the perioperative period is very important for best perioperative outcome. The introduction of the flow-directed pulmonary artery catheter (PAC) into clinical practice is one of the most important and popular advances in the field of cardiac anaesthesia. The objective of the study was to determine the frequency, indications and complications of pulmonary artery catheter insertion in adult open-heart surgery patients. METHODS: A Prospective observational study was conducted at cardiac operating rooms and Cardiac Intensive care unit (CICU) of Aga Khan University Hospital for a period of six months from Nov 2015 to April 2016.Two hundred and seven patients were included in this study. PAC was inserted through right/left internal jugular vein or subclavian vein. Complications noted were arrhythmias (atrial and ventricular), right bundle branch block, coiling and knotting, pulmonary artery rupture, and infection up to 72 hours of PAC insertion. Frequency and percentage were computed for gender, comorbids (Hypertension, Diabetes, Chronic kidney disease, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease) and PAC frequency of insertion, indications and complications were noted. RESULTS: The frequency of PAC insertion was 47.83%. Major indications for PAC insertion were poor left ventricular function, acute coronary syndrome, cardiogenic shock, significant left main disease and valvular heart disease patients. Minor complications were found in 23.22% cases, which included arrhythmia in 19.2% cases and coiling in 4.02%. CONCLUSIONS: TPulmonary artery catheter insertion is a safe technique with useful clinical application in the management of high-risk cardiac surgical patients. The PAC insertion rationale must be standardized to confirm the judicious use.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Cateterismo de Swan-Ganz , Adulto , Arritmias Cardíacas/etiologia , Bloqueio de Ramo/etiologia , Infecções Relacionadas a Cateter/etiologia , Cateterismo de Swan-Ganz/efeitos adversos , Cateterismo de Swan-Ganz/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Artéria Pulmonar/lesões , Ruptura/etiologia , Centros de Atenção Terciária
14.
Ann Card Anaesth ; 18(2): 237-41, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25849700

RESUMO

Fast-track extubation is an established safe practice in pediatric congenital heart disease (CHD) surgical patients. On table extubation (OTE) in acyanotic CHD surgical patients is well established with validated safety profile. This practice is not yet reported in tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) cardiac surgical repair patients in developing countries. Evidence suggests that TOF total correction patients should be extubated early, as positive pressure ventilation has a negative impact on right ventricular function and the overall increase in post-TOF repair complications such as low cardiac output state and arrhythmias. The objective of the case series was to determine the safety and feasibility of OTE in elective TOF total correction cardiac surgical patients with an integrated team approach. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first reported case series. A total of 8 elective male and female TOF patients were included. Standard anesthetic, surgical and perfusion techniques were used in these procedures. All patients were extubated in the operating room safely without any complications with the exception of one patient who continued to bleed for 3 h of postextubation at 2-3 ml/kg/h which was managed with transfusion of fresh frozen plasma at 15 mL/kg, packed red blood cells 10 mL/kg and bolus of transamine at 20 mg/kg. Apart from better surgical and bypass techniques, the most important factor leading to successful OTE was an excellent analgesia. On the basis of the case series, it is suggested to extubate selected TOF cardiac surgery repair patients on table safely with integrated multidisciplinary approach.


Assuntos
Extubação/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Países em Desenvolvimento , Salas Cirúrgicas , Tetralogia de Fallot/cirurgia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores de Tempo
15.
J Anaesthesiol Clin Pharmacol ; 30(3): 355-9, 2014 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25190943

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Early extubation after cardiac operations is an important aspect of fast-track cardiac anesthesia. In order to reduce or eliminate the adverse effects of prolonged ventilation in pediatric congenital heart disease (CHD) surgical patients, the concept of early extubation has been analyzed at our tertiary care hospital. The current study was carried out to record the data to validate the importance and safety of fast-track extubation (FTE) with evidence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 71 patients, including male and female aged 6 months to 18 years belonging to risk adjustment for congenital heart surgery-1 category 1, 2, and 3 were included in this study. All patients were anesthetized with a standardized technique and surgery performed by the same surgeon. At the end of operation, the included patients were assessed for FTE and standard extubation criteria were used for decision making. RESULTS: Of the total 71 patients included in the study, 26 patients (36.62%) were extubated in the operating room, 29 (40.85%) were extubated within 6 h of arrival in cardiovascular intensive care unit and 16 (22.54%) were unable to get extubated within 6 h due to multiple reasons. Hence, overall success rate was 77.47%. The reasons for delayed extubation were significant bleeding in 5 (31.3%) cases, hemodynamic instability (low cardiac output syndrome) in 4 (25%) cases, respiratory complication in 2 (12.5%), bleeding plus hemodynamic instability in 2 (12.5) cases, hemodynamic instability, and respiratory complication in 2 (12.5%) cases and triad of hemodynamic instability, bleeding and respiratory complication in 1 (6.5%) case. There was no reintubation in the FTE cases. CONCLUSION: On the basis of the current study results, it is recommended to use FTE in pediatric CHD surgical patients safely with multidisciplinary approach.

16.
J Pak Med Assoc ; 63(11): 1430-2, 2013 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24392535

RESUMO

Left Atrial pressure monitoring is a useful and accurate method to guide Left ventricle filling in the patients who undergo Arterial switch operation for transposition of great arteries. We have used a different technique in three TGA patients for LA pressure monitoring line placement. After cleaning and draping,right internal jugular vein (rt IJV) located through 22G venous cannula, guide wire was put in followed by sliding the 22G x 8cm vygon arterial catheter over the guide wire into the right atrium that was directed transatrially into LA by the operating surgeon during atrial septum repair. The catheter was secured by silk on the neck and dressed with transparent dressing and was kept for a period of 48-72 hrs. LA pressure monitoring is helpful in anticipating LV dysfunction in ASO.


Assuntos
Pressão Atrial , Cateterismo Cardíaco , Monitorização Intraoperatória , Transposição dos Grandes Vasos/fisiopatologia , Transposição dos Grandes Vasos/cirurgia , Humanos , Recém-Nascido
17.
J Pak Med Assoc ; 61(12): 1220-5, 2011 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22355971

RESUMO

Magnesium has evolved as a drug with diverse clinical applications. Mg++ is an important caution and its homeostasis is very important for normal body functioning. The physiological role of Mg is due to its calcium channel blocking properties at smooth muscle, skeletal muscle and conduction system levels. The analgesic properties are due to NMDA receptor blocking action. Mg++ is beneficial in acute Myocardial Infarction, protection during open heart surgery and treatment and prevention of heart rhythm disturbances. Mg has an established role in the management of preeclampsia and eclampsia. Magnesium prevents or controls convulsions by blocking neuromuscular transmission and decreasing the release of acetylcholine at the motor nerve terminals. The use of MgSO4 in treating tetanus and acute asthma is established. In conclusion, Mg is a cost effective, widely used drug with multidisciplinary applications. Its majority of physiological effects are attributed to calcium channel blocking properties.


Assuntos
Magnésio/uso terapêutico , Bloqueadores dos Canais de Cálcio/uso terapêutico , Análise Custo-Benefício , Medicina Baseada em Evidências , Humanos , Hipercalciúria/complicações , Magnésio/fisiologia , Nefrocalcinose/complicações , Erros Inatos do Transporte Tubular Renal/complicações
18.
J Pak Med Assoc ; 61(1): 85-7, 2011 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22368912

RESUMO

Acute aortic dissection in pregnancy is a serious situation, because rapid and appropriate surgical decision making is required to save the life of both mother and baby. Aortic dissection is rare in young women but is likely during pregnancy (third trimester) secondary to the hyperdynamic and hypervolaemic circulatory state associated with pregnancy. A 35 years old 27 weeks pregnant patient weighing 90 kg presented in the emergency with severe chest pain. In the immediate post cardiopulmonary bypass period, the patient started bleeding profusely from the anastamotic sites irrespective of utilization of all the conventional methods of haemostasis including multiple units of whole blood, fresh frozen plasma, platelets, calcium and cryoprecipitates. As a last resort she was given low dose r FVIIa (1.2 mg containing 60 KIU of Factor VII). This stopped the bleeding and the haemodyramics were stabilized.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante/cirurgia , Ruptura Aórtica/complicações , Fator VIIa/uso terapêutico , Doença Aguda , Adulto , Aneurisma Dissecante/complicações , Ponte Cardiopulmonar , Emergências , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Complicações Cardiovasculares na Gravidez/terapia , Resultado da Gravidez , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
J Pak Med Assoc ; 60(11): 955-9, 2010 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21375203

RESUMO

Congenital heart disease patients surviving to adulthood have increased over the years due to various reasons. These patients are admitted in the hospital for non cardiac surgeries and other procedures more often than normal adult population. Management of grown up congenital heart disease patient presents a challenge during perioperative period for cardiologists, surgeons, intensivists and particularly for the anaesthetist. Management issues include psychological and physiological impact on the patient, complexity of defects, presence of previous palliative procedure, impact of anaesthetic agents on shunting and myocardium, endocarditis prophylaxis and associated extra cardiac anamolies.


Assuntos
Cardiopatias Congênitas/terapia , Assistência Perioperatória , Período Perioperatório , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Anestesia Geral/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Humanos , Fatores de Risco
20.
J Pak Med Assoc ; 59(6): 385-8, 2009 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19534374

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the analgesic efficacy of Bupivacaine 0.25% wound infiltration with Ketorolac incisional infiltration in relieving postoperative pain for first twenty-four hours. METHODOLOGY: Analytical, interventional and comparative study was performed on seventy patients, of both sexes, with varied age groups. Patients underwent minor and moderate surgeries, confined to American Society of Anaesthesiologist ASA category 1-II. Patients were selected by convenience sampling and were divided into two groups i.e. Group I and Group II. Group-I comprised of thirty five patients and were infiltrated with Bupivacaine 0.25% at wound margins postoperatively. Group-II also comprised of thirty-five patients and were infiltrated with Ketorolac at wound margins 60 mg postoperatively. RESULTS: Bupivacaine 0.25% wound infiltration had onset of action within 4 +/- 2 minutes. Percentage pain relief was 80% in minor surgeries and 60% in moderate surgeries. Duration of action lasted for 8 +/- 2 hours regarding minor surgeries while it was 6 +/- 1 hours for moderate surgeries. Ketorolac incisional infiltration had onset of analgesic action within 10 +/- 5 minutes. Duration of action lasted for 6 +/- 1 hours regarding minor surgeries while it was 4 +/- 2 hours regarding moderate surgeries. Percentage pain relief was 60% in minor surgeries and 50% in moderate surgeries. CONCLUSION: Wound infiltration with Bupivacaine 0.25% was better for postoperative pain relief in comparison with Ketorolac regarding percentage pain relief, onset and duration of action.


Assuntos
Anestésicos Locais/uso terapêutico , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/uso terapêutico , Bupivacaína/uso terapêutico , Cetorolaco/uso terapêutico , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição da Dor , Fatores de Tempo
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