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1.
Mymensingh Med J ; 32(1): 28-34, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36594296

RESUMO

Acute coronary syndrome is a growing public health concern. Diabetic patients are more vulnerable to develop acute coronary syndrome due to accelerated atherosclerosis. Acute coronary syndrome is common in diabetes mellitus and is a major cause of mortality and morbidity in these patients. Troponin-I is a biochemical marker for cardiac muscle injury. Elevated glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) is also regarded as an independent risk factor for acute coronary syndrome in patients with diabetes mellitus.The aim of this study was to assess the relationship of HbA1c and Troponin-I level in patients with acute coronary syndrome. This cross-sectional study was conducted in the Department of Biochemistry, Dhaka Medical College, Dhaka, Bangladesh from July 2018 to June 2019. Total study subjects were ninety five of both gender selected from the admitted patients of the cardiology department of the National Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases (NICVD), Dhaka. Diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome was confirmed by cardiologist. Diagnosis of diabetes mellitus was confirmed by Random Blood Glucose (RBG) level. Study subjects were grouped, acute coronary syndrome with diabetes mellitus as Group A and acute coronary syndrome without diabetes mellitus as Group B. Baseline parameters was recorded in data collection sheet. HbA1c, Troponin-I level of all study subjects were analyzed and recorded. Mean age of the study subjects in Group A and Group B were 51.06 years and 51.66 years respectively. Male gender was predominant in both groups. Mean SBP and DBP were significantly higher in Group A than Group B. Mean HbA1c level of the study subjects in Group A was significantly higher than Group B (p=0.001). Mean Troponin-I level in Group A was also significantly higher than Group B (p=0.023). HbA1c and Troponin-I levels were positively correlated in Group A (r=0.471, p=0.001). The present study demonstrated significant positive correlation of HbA1c and Troponin-I level in diabetic patients with acute coronary syndrome.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda , Diabetes Mellitus , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Troponina I , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/complicações , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico , Glicemia , Estudos Transversais , Bangladesh/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Biomarcadores
2.
Mymensingh Med J ; 32(1): 35-38, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36594297

RESUMO

Myocardial infarction (MI) is one of the dangerous manifestations of coronary artery disease and one of the commonest causes of mortality. This cross-sectional study was carried out in the department of Biochemistry, Mymensingh Medical College in collaboration with the department of Cardiology, Mymensingh Medical College Hospital, Mymensingh, Bangladesh during the period of January 2018 to December 2018. A total of 120 subjects were included in this study. Among them 60 were diagnosed AMI patients denoted as case group and 60 were apparently normal healthy individuals denoted as control group. Biochemical values were expressed as Mean±SD (Standard deviation). Statistical analysis was done by using SPSS (Statistical package for social science) version 21.0 windows package. Serum uric acid determined by enzymatic colorimetric method using the test kit. Among the study groups the mean±SD values of uric acid were 6.61±2.62 and 5.38±1.16mg/dl in case and control group respectively. The analysis showed that, serum uric acid was statistically increased in case group compared with control group. The level of significance was 0.001. Statistical significance of difference between two groups were evaluated by using Student's unpaired 't' test.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Infarto do Miocárdio , Humanos , Ácido Úrico , Estudos Transversais , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Bangladesh
3.
Mymensingh Med J ; 32(1): 39-43, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36594298

RESUMO

Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) commonly known as heart attack is defined pathologically as the irreversible death of myocardial cells caused by ischemia. Risk factors include high blood pressure, smoking, diabetes, lack of exercise, obesity, high blood cholesterol and excessive alcohol intake. The major cause of acute MI is coronary atherosclerosis with superimposed luminal thrombus, which accounts for more than 80% of all infarcts. Micronutrients and trace elements are very essential for normal functioning of the body. Even though they are required in very small amount, an alteration in the level of this element may lead to serious diseases like CAD and its consequences. The injury induced by reperfusion of the ischemic myocardium could result partially from the cytotoxic effects of oxygen free radicals. Copper is involved in several of the reactions in the protection from free radical damage. So, this study was designed to evaluate serum cupper level in AMI patients. This case-control study was conducted in the Department of Biochemistry, Mymensingh Medical College, Mymensingh, Bangladesh from July 2016 to June 2017. Total number of subjects was 120 in number. Among them 60 were diagnosed case of acute myocardial infarction and 60 were apparently healthy volunteers. Data were collected using pre-designed data collection sheets. After proper counseling informed written consent was taken from the study population. The study revealed that mean serum copper level was higher in case group as compared to control group. The mean±SD values of copper were 105.44±24.15µg/dl and 146.49±23.52µg/dl in control and case group respectively. The level of significance was 0.001 (p<0.05). After analyzing the results of the study it is concluded that serum copper level was significantly higher in Acute Myocardial Infarction patients than normal individuals. Therefore, estimation of serum copper level in AMI patients might be useful to take appropriate measure to prevent free radical induced reperfusion injury.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Infarto do Miocárdio , Humanos , Cobre , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Fatores de Risco
4.
Mymensingh Med J ; 31(4): 1077-1083, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36189555

RESUMO

A cross sectional study was conducted in Paediatric Endocrine Outpatient Department of BIRDEM General Hospital, a tertiary care centre in Dhaka, Bangladesh among patients diagnosed with acquired hypothyroidism during the period of January 2012 to December 2016. The study was done to find out the clinical presentations and associated disorders of all patients diagnosed with acquired hypothyroidism during the study period. Data were obtained by reviewing the medical records of the patients. Total 277 children were diagnosed of having thyroid disorders. Among them 145(52.3%) had acquired hypothyroidism. The commonest clinical presentations of children with acquired hypothyroidism were short stature (35.0%), excessive weight gain (31.5%), goiter (23.1%) and poor school performance (14.0%). Autoimmune hypothyroidism was found in 34.4% of children, sub-clinical hypothyroidism in 27.5% children and positive family history was found in 15.2% children with acquired hypothyroidism. The common associated diseases were diabetes and impaired glucose tolerance (4.9%), Down syndrome (3.5%), congenital heart disease (2.1%) and primary adrenal insufficiency (1.4%).


Assuntos
Hipotireoidismo , Doenças da Glândula Tireoide , Bangladesh/epidemiologia , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Hipotireoidismo/diagnóstico , Hipotireoidismo/epidemiologia , Hipotireoidismo/etiologia , Centros de Atenção Terciária
5.
Mymensingh Med J ; 31(4): 1212-1221, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36189575

RESUMO

Encephalitis is commonly caused by viruses. But beyond viruses there are so many causes of encephalitis. Encephalitis is the inflammation of the brain parenchyma due to any reason. As there are so many causes of encephalitis presentations are also variable. So to diagnose encephalitis a set of clinical, laboratory, electroencephalographic and neuroimaging criteria is used. Any children attend medical facility with sudden onset altered mental status along with any of the following features like fever, seizure, focal neurological signs should be evaluated as encephalitis. Viruses are the common cause of encephalitis. Along with infectious etiologies a vast group of noninfectious like autoimmune causes encephalitis also established. When children presented with above mentioned features along with behavior problem and or movement disorder there is a high suspicion of autoimmune etiology. Any suspected case of encephalitis should initiated treatment with antiviral along with supportive treatment; then step wise evaluation should be done to reach an etiological diagnosis. If infectious etiology could not be established or no significant improvement is found with antiviral therapy; immunomodulating therapy should be considered along. In all cases CSF analysis including biochemistry, cytology, viral PCR along with MRI and EEG should do; further investigations depend upon initial reports and clinical and epidemiological background. Dose and duration of antiviral depends on patient's age and response to treatment and comorbidity. Acyclovir 500mg/m²/BSA per dose 3 times daily for 21 days are adequate for HSV encephalitis. Monitoring of renal function is the essential. Adjuvant treatment with steroid and or manitol for cerebral edema and antiseizure drugs for convulsion is used where necessary. Meticulous fluid and nutritional support as well good general care improve outcome. In spite of adequate treatment of encephalitis mortality and morbidity was found a significant number of cases; among the morbidity behavior problem, seizure focal deficit are common.


Assuntos
Encefalite por Herpes Simples , Vírus , Aciclovir/uso terapêutico , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Criança , Encefalite , Encefalite por Herpes Simples/diagnóstico , Encefalite por Herpes Simples/tratamento farmacológico , Doença de Hashimoto , Humanos , Esteroides/uso terapêutico
6.
Mymensingh Med J ; 31(3): 725-732, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35780357

RESUMO

This cross sectional study was conducted in Paediatric Endocrine Outpatient Department of BIRDEM General Hospital, a tertiary care centre in Dhaka, Bangladesh among patients diagnosed with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) from January 2005 to December 2018. The study was aimed to find out the clinical and laboratory profile of all patients at presentation diagnosed with CAH during the study period. Data were obtained by reviewing the medical records of the patients. Total 102 children with CAH were diagnosed during the study period. Among them 68 were female and 34 were male (female to male ratio of 2:1). Median age was 3.5 month (range 0.2-158 month) and 5.5 month (range 1-108 month) in female and male respectively (p=0.42). Family history was available in 93 patients. Consanguinity was present in 16(17.2%), history of sib death in 12(12.9%), other family members were affected in 8(8.6%). Sixty patient (58.8%) had salt-wasting (SW), 39(38.2%) had simple virilizing (SV) and 3(2.9%) had non- classic form of CAH. Median age of presentation was 2 month (range 0.2-70 month) and 42 month (range 0.8-158 month) in SW and SV group respectively (p=0.001) and 119 month (range 108-152 month) in non- classic group. Common presentations were: genital ambiguity (64.7%), vomiting (46.5%), failure to thrive (41.6%), features of early puberty (precocious pseudopuberty) (24.5%), diarrhea (12.0%). Hyperpigmentation was noted in 49.0% of patients. Among the salt-wasting type in male failure to thrive (FTT) was the most common presentation (83.3%), followed by vomiting (75.0%). In female genital ambiguity was the commonest presentation (97.2%), followed by vomiting (77.1%). Among the simple virilizing type in male early puberty was the commonest presentation (100%) and genital ambiguity was the presenting feature in all the female (100.0%).


Assuntos
Hiperplasia Suprarrenal Congênita , Hiperplasia Suprarrenal Congênita/diagnóstico , Hiperplasia Suprarrenal Congênita/epidemiologia , Bangladesh/epidemiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Insuficiência de Crescimento , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Centros de Atenção Terciária , Vômito
7.
Phys Rev Lett ; 129(2): 021803, 2022 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35867435

RESUMO

Neutrino charged-current quasielastic-like scattering, a reaction category extensively used in neutrino oscillation measurements, probes nuclear effects that govern neutrino-nucleus interactions. This Letter reports the first measurement of the triple-differential cross section for ν_{µ} quasielastic-like reactions using the hydrocarbon medium of the MINERvA detector exposed to a wideband beam spanning 2≤E_{ν}≤20 GeV. The measurement maps the correlations among transverse and longitudinal muon momenta and summed proton kinetic energies, and compares them to predictions from a state-of-art simulation. Discrepancies are observed that likely reflect shortfalls with modeling of pion and nucleon intranuclear scattering and/or spectator nucleon ejection from struck nuclei. The separate determination of leptonic and hadronic variables can inform experimental approaches to neutrino-energy estimation.

8.
Mymensingh Med J ; 31(1): 1-9, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34999672

RESUMO

The Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has turned into a worldwide human tragedy and economic devastation. There had an intensive search for an effective drug against the coronavirus but not led to any breakthrough agents. Only one choice was left namely an effective and safe vaccine. Many people are ambivalent regarding corona vaccines because they also fear possible side effects from vaccination. This study was designed to track the side effects after first and second dose of the Oxford-AstraZeneca vaccines used in Mymensingh district of Bangladesh. This cross-sectional descriptive type of observational study was conducted in Mymensingh Medical College, Mymensingh, Bangladesh during the period of five months from 1 February, 2021 to 30 June, 2021 among 293 purposively selected vaccine recipients who received two doses of the Oxford-AstraZeneca vaccines. Data were collected by face to face interview of the selected vaccine recipients using a semi-structured questionnaire. Data were inputted into SPSS version 26.0. Qualitative data were summarized by percentage and quantitative data were summarized by mean and standard deviation. Necessary bivariate and multivariate analysis was done. Mean age of the respondents was 40.3 years with a standard deviation of ±8.7 years. Among the vaccine recipients female were 159(54.3%) and male were 134(45.7%). The most of the vaccine recipients were graduate and master 256(87.3%) and more than half of the vaccine recipients (156, 53.2%) were government service holder. The most of the vaccine recipients (242, 86.0%) were from urban area and 263(89.8%) vaccine recipients were non-smoker. Sixty eight (23.2%) of the vaccine recipients had different types of co-morbidities. It was found that 217(74.1%) vaccine recipients had side effects after first dose while 162(55.3%) had side effects after second dose. The difference in occurrence of side effects of first and second dose was statistically highly significant (p<0.001). Pain on the injection site was present in 172(58.7%) vaccine recipients after first dose and in 142 (48.5%) after second dose. Fever was prevalent in 98 (33.4%) after first dose and in 61 (20.8) after second dose. Headache was in 61(20.8%) and in 22(7.5%) after first and second dose respectively. Thirty one (10.6%) vaccine recipients had loose motion after first dose and 26(8.9%) had this after second dose. First dose of vaccination caused nausea in 28(9.6%) and second dose caused it in 16(5.5%) vaccine recipients. Joint pain was prevalent in 24(8.2%) after first dose and in 15(5.1%) after second dose. Rash was present in 9(3.1%) and in 3(1.0%) after first and second dose respectively. Cough was present in 5(1.7%) after first dose and in 2(0.7%) after second dose. Each 2(0.7%) had history of fainting and bodyache and 1(0.3%) reported intense weakness after first dose only. Side effects of first dose of AstraZeneca vaccine were more prevalent in female (124, 78.0%) than male (93, 69.4%). The side effects of second dose of AstraZeneca vaccine were also more prevalent in female (103, 64.8%) than male (59, 44.0%). The study results revealed that 217(74.1%) vaccine recipients had side effects after first dose while 162(55.3%) had side effects on second dose of the Oxford-AstraZeneca vaccine. Commonly experienced side effects were pain in the injection site, fever, headache, diarrhoea and joint pain. Most of the people tolerated these side effects and did not use any medicine.


Assuntos
Vacinas contra COVID-19 , COVID-19 , Adulto , Bangladesh/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , SARS-CoV-2
9.
Braz J Biol ; 84: e253514, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34932678

RESUMO

The objective of the current study was to investigate the synergistic impact of α-Tocopherol and α-Linolenic acid (100 µM) on IVM and IVC of Nili Ravi buffalo oocytes. Oocytes were obtained from the ovaries of slaughtered buffaloes within two hours after slaughter and brought to laboratory. Buffalo cumulus oocyte complexes were placed randomly in the five experimental groups included; GROUP 1: Maturation media (MM) + 100 µM ALA (control), GROUP 2: MM + 100 µM ALA + 50µM α-Tocopherol, GROUP 3: MM + 100 µM ALA + 100µM α-Tocopherol, GROUP 4: MM + 100 µM ALA + 200 µM α-Tocopherol and GROUP 5: MM + 100 µM ALA + 300 µM α-Tocopherol under an atmosphere of 5% CO2 in air at 38.5 °C for 22-24 h. Cumulus expansion and nuclear maturation status was determined (Experiment 1). In experiment 2, oocytes were matured as in experiment 1. The matured oocytes were then fertilized in Tyrode's Albumin Lactate Pyruvate (TALP) medium for about 20 h and cultured in synthetic oviductal fluid (SOF) medium to determine effect of α-Linolenic acid (100 µM) and α-Tocopherol in IVM medium on IVC of presumptive zygotes. To study the effect of α-Linolenic acid (100 µM) in IVM media and increasing concentration of α-tocopherol in the culture media on early embryo development (Experiment 3), the presumptive zygotes were randomly distributed into the five experimental groups with increasing concentration of α-tocopherol in culture media. Higher percentage of MII stage oocytes in experiment 1(65.2±2.0), embryos at morula stage in experiment 2 (30.4±1.5) and experiment 3 (22.2±2.0) were obtained. However, overall results for cumulus cell expansion, maturation of oocyte to MII stage and subsequent embryo development among treatments remain statistically similar (P > 0.05). Supplementation of α-tocopherol in maturation media having α-Linolenic acid and/or in embryo culture media did not further enhance in vitro maturation of oocyte or embryo production.


Assuntos
Búfalos , Ácido alfa-Linolênico , Animais , Meios de Cultura , Desenvolvimento Embrionário , Oócitos , Ácido alfa-Linolênico/farmacologia , alfa-Tocoferol/farmacologia
10.
Mymensingh Med J ; 30(3): 633-637, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34226448

RESUMO

The Incidence of twin and high order multiple gestation has increased significantly over the past 15 years primarily because of the availability and increased use of ovulation inducing drugs and assisted reproductive technology. Both maternal and perinatal mortality and morbidity is higher in multiple pregnancy than in singleton pregnancy. Proposed study is designed to determine the incidence and obstetric outcome of multiple pregnancy which is a high-risk pregnancy in a tertiary referral hospital. The purpose of this study is to evaluate obstetric outcome of multiple pregnancy. This prospective observational study was carried out in the Department of Obs and Gynae, Mymensingh Medical College Hospital, Mymensingh from December 2011 to May 2012. Patients were selected by purposive way. In this study it was observed that incidence of twin pregnancy was 1.66% common age group 30-35 years (48%), common in multipara (74%), no pregnancy crossed EDD. Family history of twin was 32% and unknown etiology 58%. Most common maternal complication was preterm labour (60%). Commonest mode of delivery was LSCS (64%), incidence of perinatal mortality 15%, 36% baby had birth weight in between 2.1-2.5kg, all the baby requiring admission in neonatal unit. This prospective observational study revealed that perinatal mortality was high in our center, there was no maternal mortality.


Assuntos
Resultado da Gravidez , Gravidez Múltipla , Adulto , Feminino , Hospitais , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Mortalidade Perinatal , Gravidez , Resultado da Gravidez/epidemiologia , Técnicas de Reprodução Assistida
11.
Theriogenology ; 172: 73-79, 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34139610

RESUMO

During cryopreservation sperm encounter oxidative stress due to higher production of ROS molecules and insufficient natural antioxidant defence system. Therefore, present study was designed to identify the effects of various glutathione (GSH) concentrations on Indian red jungle fowl (Gallus gallus murghi) sperm quality and fertility pre-freezing and post-thaw incubation hours. Semen was collected from eight cocks and qualified semen ejaculates having motility >65% were pooled after initial evaluation. Semen was divided in four aliquots, diluted with red fowl extender (1:5) at 37 °C having GSH 0 mM (control), 0.1 mM, 0.5 mM and 1.0 mM, cryopreserved and stored at (-196 °C) in liquid nitrogen. Semen quality was assessed at post dilution, cooling, equilibration, and freeze-thawing at 0, 2 and 4 h of incubation at 37 °C. Sperm motility, plasma membrane integrity, viability, acrosome integrity and mitochondrial function were recorded highest (P < 0.05) with 0.5 mM GSH in extender at post-dilution, cooling, equilibration, freeze-thawing and 0, 2 and 4 h of incubation. Lipid peroxidation in sperm and seminal plasma were recorded lowest (P < 0.05) with 0.5 mM GSH during cryopreservation stages and post-thawing incubation. Moreover, antioxidant activities (total antioxidant potential and free radical scavenging capacity) were recorded highest (P < 0.05) in extender having 0.5 mM GSH. Fertility rates were recorded higher (P < 0.05) with 0.5 mM GSH compared to control. It is concluded that 0.5 mM GSH in extender improves sperm structural (sperm viability, plasma membrane integrity and acrosome integrity), functional integrity (motility, mitochondrial function) and fertility parameters of Indian red jungle fowl through enriching antioxidant potential and ameliorating the oxidative stress.


Assuntos
Análise do Sêmen , Preservação do Sêmen , Animais , Galinhas , Criopreservação/veterinária , Crioprotetores/farmacologia , Congelamento , Glutationa , Masculino , Análise do Sêmen/veterinária , Preservação do Sêmen/veterinária , Motilidade Espermática , Espermatozoides
12.
Child Youth Serv Rev ; 122: 105912, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33390637

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The most recent global pandemic of COVID-19 has been creating multidimensional damages, including a detrimental impact on the mental health status of individuals. Medical students, a vulnerable cross-section of the population, may have perceived a myriad of psychological stressors during this crisis in the background of their prevailing stressful academic pressure and preexisting higher psychological and mental health issue. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of anxiety and depressive symptoms and to elucidate the psychological impact of COVID-19 pandemic on Bangladeshi medical students. METHOD: A cross-sectional study design was utilized to conduct this survey. The online survey including demographic questions, COVID-19 related questions, and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS; higher scores on the subscales indicate higher levels of depressive and anxiety symptoms), was completed by 425 Bangladeshi medical students. Collected data were statistically analyzed by using SPSS (version 25.0) software. RESULT: The HADS anxiety subscale revealed that 65.9% of the medical students had different levels of anxiety, ranging from mild (27.3%), moderate (26.8%), and severe (11.8%). As per HADS depression subscale, 49.9% of the medical students had varying degrees of depressive symptoms, with 3.3% of the participants had suffered from severe depressive symptoms. Female students had a relatively more anxiety and depressive symptoms when compared with males. The students, who were severely tensed of getting infected by the virus, were at higher risk of suffering from anxiety (3.5-fold) and depressive (2.7-fold) symptoms, when compared with no/minimally stressed students. Besides, fear of getting assaulted or humiliated on the way to hospital or home, not to be able to give maximum concentration on study after COVID-19 pandemic, students' present emotional status (agitation), had statistically significant higher risk of anxiety. CONCLUSION: A substantial proportion of Bangladeshi medical students are experiencing pandemic-related adverse psychological impact. Poor mental health conditions of these vulnerable medical students pose important threat to their potential contribution in future health care. Thus, medical colleges and health authorities should focus on addressing their psychological needs and formulate effective strategies to ameliorate medical students' mental health status, particularly during any infectious disease outbreak.

13.
Mymensingh Med J ; 30(1): 6-12, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33397844

RESUMO

Intentional artificial rupture of the amniotic membranes during labour, called amniotomy or 'breaking of the water's, is one of the most commonly performed procedures in modern obstetric and midwifery practice. The primary aim of amniotomy is to speed up uterine contractions and therefore shorten the length of labour. However there are concerns regarding unintended adverse effects on the woman and baby. A prospective observational study was conducted to determine the effectiveness and safety of routine procedure of amniotomy to shorten the duration of labour (prolonged or not) in Mymensingh Medical College & Hospital, Mymensingh, Bangladesh from July 2011 to December 2011. One hundred low-risk women with spontaneous onset of labour at term with singleton fetus in cephalic presentation and intact amniotic membranes and a cervical dilatation between 4 and 5cm were conventionally assigned to have amniotomy during the course of labour. Maternal demographics, duration of labour (prolonged or not), maternal and perinatal outcome were considered as major outcome. Majority (49.0%) of the patients belonged to 21-25 years age group and primigravida was predominant and most of them had middle socio-economic conditions. More the three-fourth (89.0%) of the patients had head engaged. Rh-positive and negative were found 96.0% and 4.0% respectively. The primigravidae required 10.07±2.17 hours in 1st stage of labour and had 1.51±0.5 hours duration of 2nd stage of labour. In case of multi-gravidae it was 6.07±2.06 hours in 1st stage of and 1±0.5 hours in 2nd stage of labour. There was a marked reduction of amniotomy-delivery interval time in this study, which was 3 hours 40 minutes and whereas mean cervical dilatation was 4cm during amniotomy. Almost three fourth (72.0%) cases delivered vaginally among which, with episiotomy in 49.0% and without episiotomy in 23.0%. Instrumental delivery was in 9.0% of which 4.0% by forceps, 5.0% by vaccum extraction and 14.0% underwent LUCS. Still birth was found 2.0%, asphyxiated 3.0% and prenatal death 1.0%. In terms of referral to neonatal care unit it was found that 7.0% were asphyxiated. Asphyxia and low APGAR score was 4.0%, low birth weight 9.0%, instrumental delivery was 5.0%, Rh incompatibility was 2.0%. Only 1.0% babies needed admission to neonatal care unit and were intubated. So, Amniotomy significantly reduced the duration of the first stage of labour without affecting the oxytocin requirement, the rate of caesarean section and newborn outcome.


Assuntos
Cesárea , Primeira Fase do Trabalho de Parto , Amniotomia , Bangladesh , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Fatores de Tempo
14.
Braz J Biol ; 81(2): 285-290, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32901653

RESUMO

Synthetic androgens (male hormones) administered to fish nursery are being used in aquaculture to avoid sexual differentiation and unwanted spawning at the eggs or the first feeding fry stage of fish. Present trial was conducted with the aim to produce male common carp (Cyprinus carpio) by egg immersion technique. Through this little insight, the effect of different hormone concentrations (17α-methyltestosterone @ HC:150, 300, 450 and 600 µgl-1) with immersion times (IT: 24, 48 and 72 hrs) and their interaction effect (HC x IT) on the hatching percentage of Cyprinus carpio eggs, percent survival and percent of male's production was evaluated specifically. Results showed that egg hatching percentage decreased with increased IT likewise, survival of treated fry was affected by increasing the IT (P<0.001). The main interaction effect of HC x IT showed that the highest percent of male individuals (95%) was obtained at 450-600 µgl-1 HC for 72 hrs IT, followed by 88-92.50% at 150-300 µgl-1 HC for 72-hrsof IT, 87.50% at 48-hrs of IT for rest of the hormone treatments, and lowest 47.50% was recorded in control (P<0.05). Increased percent male of Cyprinus carpio was obtained with increasing HC across all ITs. It was observed that the immersion treatment at 600µgl-1 for 72 hours was more effective to change the sex ratio of pre hatch Cyprinus carpio. A comparative outlook made from this experimental trial that sex induction of Cyprinus carpio by eggs immersion using synthetic male steroid hormone is an alternative safe technique of fish sex reversal in contrast to oral administration of hormone in fish feed.


Assuntos
Carpas , Androgênios/farmacologia , Animais , Aquicultura , Imersão , Masculino
15.
Ethics Med Public Health ; 19: 100722, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34514076

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Here, we have shortly reported the recent updates on the disastrous progressions of the deadly delta variant and a virulent coinfection or post-COVID-19 infection of black fungus in India and its neighbouring countries. METHODOLOGY: We searched by utilizing appropriate keywords in Google Scholar, PubMed and other scholarly databases alongside several national and international newspapers to collect the latest data regarding the targeted topic. RESULTS: Recently, the delta variant is wreaking havoc in India, UK, and other countries around the globe and has also exhibited successful infections in around 20 to 55% of the people who have already recovered from COVID-19 originating from the different strains. Besides, a significant catch is the prevalence of 85.5% and 64.11% of Mucormycosis infections being co-morbid with COVID-19 and diabetes, respectively in South-Asian regions. CONCLUSIONS: To avert the emergence of an epidemic amid the pandemic, prompt actions from concerned authorities are warranted. Proper education on black fungus infection and associated risks from the COVID-19 and diabetes, adequate public awareness, and sufficient healthcare assistance to battle such fungal infections effectively should be ensured as quickly as possible.

16.
Cryo Letters ; 42(6): 332-340, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35366299

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Egg yolk is inevitably associated with risks of microbial contamination and anti-cryoprotectant agents that necessitate the investigation of some synthetic alternatives. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the potential of carboxylated poly-L-lysine (CPLL) as a replacement for egg yolk during the cryosurvivability of Nili-Ravi buffalo sperm. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Semen collected from four Nili-Ravi buffalo bulls (two ejaculates / bull / day; total 40 ejaculates for five replicates) was cryopreserved in different experimental extenders viz: Control (CPLL 0%, egg yolk 20%); E1 (CPLL 5%, egg yolk 15%); E2 (CPLL 10%, egg yolk 10%); E3 (CPLL 15%, egg yolk 5%) and E4 (CPLL 20%, egg yolk 0%). Post-thaw quality was assessed in terms of sperm motility, plasma membrane integrity (PMI), viability, live:dead ratio, lipid peroxidation of sperm and total antioxidant capacity of seminal plasma. RESULTS: Sperm motility improved (P<0.05) in extenders replacing 5%, 10% and 15% egg yolk with CPLL. Sperm PMI, viability and live:dead ratio also improved (P<0.05) in extenders replacing 10%, 15% and whole (20%) egg yolk with CPLL. In contrast, sperm DNA integrity was not different (P>0.05) when CPLL replaced egg yolk at any level. The lipid peroxidation level decreased with a concomitant increase in total antioxidant activity of seminal plasma when CPLL replaced egg yolk at 5%, 10%, 15% and 20%. CONCLUSION: Replacement of 15% egg yolk in the extender with CPLL improves all sperm quality parameters: motility, PMI, viability, live:dead ratio, lipid peroxidation of sperm and total antioxidant activity of seminal plasma.


Assuntos
Búfalos , Preservação do Sêmen , Animais , Criopreservação/veterinária , Gema de Ovo , Masculino , Polilisina/farmacologia , Preservação do Sêmen/veterinária , Motilidade Espermática , Espermatozoides
17.
Mymensingh Med J ; 30(4): 907-912, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34605455

RESUMO

Uterine leiomyoma is a common gynecological problem throughout the world. As 50% hysterectomies in black and 40% in Australians are performed due to fibroid, in our country also it is assumed that about 40%-50% hysterectomies are done due to fibroid uterus. Thus leiomyoma constitute a major public health cost to the community in terms of outpatient attendance and hospital cost for surgery. This is a descriptive type of cross sectional study among 50 patients having leiomyoma of uterus in the department of Obs and Gynae, BSMMU hospital from March 2011 to August 2011. The objective of the study is to find out the risk associated with leiomyoma, to find out the common presenting features of uterine leiomyoma and to find out best options for management. Study results showed that 62% patients were in the age group 36-45 years, 48%patients were in para1-2 group, 32% patients used combined oral contraceptive pill for contraception. Sixty percent (60%) patients presented with progressive menorrhagia and palpable mass was found in 62% cases. About 46% patients had associated medical conditions like hypertension, diabetes, obesity. Total abdominal hysterectomy was done in 32% cases. TAH with unilateral or bilateral salpingoophorectomy was done in 40% cases. Myomectomy was done in 20% cases. There is a scope for large scale study about risk factors of uterine leiomyoma like obesity, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, use of hormonal contraceptive, racial differences, different treatment modalities etc. Treatment should be individualized. However in this connection a good referral system and good communication has got a tremendous contribution in the proper management of such problems.


Assuntos
Leiomioma , Neoplasias Uterinas , Adulto , Austrália , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Histerectomia , Leiomioma/diagnóstico , Leiomioma/epidemiologia , Leiomioma/cirurgia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Uterinas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Uterinas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Uterinas/cirurgia , Útero
18.
Mymensingh Med J ; 30(4): 1107-1116, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34605484

RESUMO

Congenital CMV infection is the most common mother to child infection having spectrum of clinical presentation which can lead to severe neurological sequelae. Early assessment of disease severity from clinical and neuroimage profile is essential to initiate proper treatment and to predict the outcome is crucial. This cross sectional observational study was conducted at Dhaka Medical College Hospital a tertiary care centre of Bangladesh from January 2019 to June 2020 in the department of pediatrics. This study was carried on among 123 infants of aged 0-12 months with polymerase chain reaction proven congenital cytomegalovirus infection over a period of 18 months. Mean age of our study group is 7.01±2.02 months, with male predominance (85.00%); majority of our infants came from lower socioeconomic background of rural area. Only 5.70% took more than two antenatal visits, 70.00% had history of perinatal asphyxia where 54.50% developed neonatal seizure. Microcephaly was present among 69.10% children, epilepsy, movement disorder, central visual impairment, different level of hearing impairment (78.90%) and severe psychomotor retardation (83.80% - 87.80%) was the most consistent initial presentation of our study group. Neuroimage abnormality was present among 94.30% of infants where cortical atrophy (86.20%) and intracranial calcification (55.30%) was the most common findings, different type of congenital malformations was also observed among the study group. Multiple logistic regression analysis showed significant value for abnormal neuroimage findings as a predictor of severity of psychomotor retardation. Congenital cytomegalovirus infection is one of the leading cause of hearing impairment and psychomotor retardation, where neuroimage findings could guide to predict the severity of psychomotor retardation.


Assuntos
Infecções por Citomegalovirus , Transmissão Vertical de Doenças Infecciosas , Bangladesh/epidemiologia , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Infecções por Citomegalovirus/diagnóstico por imagem , Infecções por Citomegalovirus/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Gravidez , Centros de Atenção Terciária
19.
Anim Biotechnol ; 32(4): 526-530, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31961249

RESUMO

The depth of intravaginal insemination to achieve optimum fertility with frozen-thawed semen is highly species specific in birds and differ even in breed and/or strains of a species. Therefore, study was designed to evaluate the influence of intravaginal insemination depths (2 and 4 cm) on fertility outcome in Indian red jungle fowl. Semen collected from eight mature cocks was pooled, diluted in extender and cooled to 4 °C. Glycerol (20%) was added to chilled semen, equilibrated for 10 min and cryopreserved. After 3 days of storage, frozen semen was thawed in water bath at 37 °C for 30 s. After glycerol removal, intravaginal Inseminations were performed at the depth of 2 and 4 cm. The no. of fertilized eggs (31.4 ± 1.6 vs. 27.7 ± 1.8), fertility rate (65.7 ± 3.6 vs. 58.8 ± 4.0), no. of hatched chicks (27.8 ± 1.9 vs. 23.5 ± 1.6), hatchability of set eggs (58.8 ± 4.3 vs. 49.7 ± 3.2) and hatchability of fertilized eggs (88.4 ± 2.8 vs. 84.3 ± 2.2) were recorded higher with intravaginal depth of 4 cm compared to 2 cm. It is concluded that intravaginal insemination at the depth of 4 cm enhances the fertility outcomes of the frozen-thawed Indian red jungle fowl semen.


Assuntos
Galinhas , Fertilidade , Inseminação Artificial/veterinária , Animais , Glicerol , Óvulo
20.
Braz. j. biol ; 81(2): 285-290, 2021. tab, graf, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1153367

RESUMO

Synthetic androgens (male hormones) administered to fish nursery are being used in aquaculture to avoid sexual differentiation and unwanted spawning at the eggs or the first feeding fry stage of fish. Present trial was conducted with the aim to produce male common carp (Cyprinus carpio) by egg immersion technique. Through this little insight, the effect of different hormone concentrations (17α-methyltestosterone @ HC:150, 300, 450 and 600 µgl-1) with immersion times (IT: 24, 48 and 72 hrs) and their interaction effect (HC x IT) on the hatching percentage of Cyprinus carpio eggs, percent survival and percent of male's production was evaluated specifically. Results showed that egg hatching percentage decreased with increased IT likewise, survival of treated fry was affected by increasing the IT (P<0.001). The main interaction effect of HC x IT showed that the highest percent of male individuals (95%) was obtained at 450-600 µgl-1 HC for 72 hrs IT, followed by 88-92.50% at 150-300 µgl-1 HC for 72-hrsof IT, 87.50% at 48-hrs of IT for rest of the hormone treatments, and lowest 47.50% was recorded in control (P<0.05). Increased percent male of Cyprinus carpio was obtained with increasing HC across all ITs. It was observed that the immersion treatment at 600µgl-1 for 72 hours was more effective to change the sex ratio of pre hatch Cyprinus carpio. A comparative outlook made from this experimental trial that sex induction of Cyprinus carpio by eggs immersion using synthetic male steroid hormone is an alternative safe technique of fish sex reversal in contrast to oral administration of hormone in fish feed.


Andrógenos sintéticos (hormônios masculinos) administrados ao viveiro de peixes estão sendo usados ​​na aquicultura para evitar a diferenciação sexual e a desova indesejada nos ovos ou no primeiro estágio de alimentação dos peixes. O presente estudo foi conduzido com o objetivo de produzir carpa comum masculina (Cyprinuscarpio) pela técnica de imersão em ovos. Com essa pequena percepção, o efeito de diferentes concentrações hormonais (17α-metiltestosterona @ HC: 150, 300, 450 e 600 µgl-1) com tempos de imersão (IT: 24, 48 e 72 horas) e seu efeito de interação (HC x IT) na porcentagem de eclosão dos ovos de Cyprinuscarpio, a porcentagem de sobrevivência e a porcentagem da produção masculina foram avaliadas especificamente. Os resultados mostraram que a porcentagem de incubação de ovos diminuiu com o aumento da TI da mesma forma, a sobrevivência dos alevinos tratados foi afetada pelo aumento da TI (P <0,001). O principal efeito de interação do HC x IT mostrou que o maior percentual de indivíduos do sexo masculino (95%) foi obtido com 450-600 µgl-1 HC por 72 horas de TI, seguido por 88-92,50% com 150-300 µgl-1 HC para 72 horas de TI, 87,50% às 48 horas de TI para o restante dos tratamentos hormonais, e 47,50% mais baixos foram registrados no controle (P <0,05). A porcentagem aumentada de macho de Cyprinuscarpio foi obtida com o aumento do HC em todas as TIs. Observou-se que o tratamento de imersão a 600µgl-1 por 72 horas foi mais efetivo na alteração da razão sexual do Cyprinuscarpio antes da eclosão. Uma perspectiva comparativa feita a partir deste ensaio experimental de que a indução sexual de Cyprinuscarpio por imersão de ovos usando hormônio esteróide masculino sintético é uma técnica alternativa segura de reversão do sexo em peixes, em contraste com a administração oral de hormônio na alimentação de peixes.


Assuntos
Animais , Masculino , Carpas/fisiologia , Androgênios/farmacologia , Metiltestosterona/administração & dosagem , Razão de Masculinidade , Aquicultura , Imersão
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