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1.
West Afr J Med ; 36(3): 267-273, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31622490

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Asthma is known to constitute a huge economic burden to its sufferers and their carers. There is a dearth of studies documenting this burden among asthmatics in Nigeria. OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the relationship between economic cost and psychiatric morbidity among stable Nigerian patients with asthma. METHODS: 85 patients with asthma completed a socio-demographic and illness-related questionnaire, the modified Economic Cost Questionnaire and General Health Questionnaire 12 (GHQ 12). Associations between socio-demographic characteristics, illness related variables, psychiatric morbidity and the direct, indirect and total costs in relation to asthma were assessed. RESULTS: The average annual total, direct and indirect cost were $309, $190.65 and $118.34 respectively per patient for subjects with asthma. Direct cost constituted 62.7% while the indirect cost was 38.3% of the total cost for asthma. Drugs and hospitalisation were leading contributors to direct costs for asthma. Psychiatric morbidity was found to be present in 35% of subjects with asthma, those with psychiatric morbidity had a higher economic burden. CONCLUSION: The economic cost of asthma is high, psychiatric morbidity increases this cost. The cost is largely due to drugs and hospitalisations for exacerbation. There is an urgent need to optimize means of helping to minimize this cost and increase measures for detecting and treating psychiatric morbidity.


Assuntos
Antiasmáticos/economia , Asma/economia , Gastos em Saúde , Hospitalização/economia , Transtornos Mentais/epidemiologia , Antiasmáticos/administração & dosagem , Antiasmáticos/uso terapêutico , Asma/tratamento farmacológico , Asma/epidemiologia , Efeitos Psicossociais da Doença , Custos e Análise de Custo , Custos Diretos de Serviços/estatística & dados numéricos , Recursos em Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Morbidade , Nigéria/epidemiologia , Qualidade de Vida
2.
Gen Hosp Psychiatry ; 55: 72-76, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30445337

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Obsessive compulsive symptoms (OCS) are relatively common in schizophrenia. Their presence and severity can affect the quality of life (QoL) of schizophrenia patients. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the effect of OCS on the subjective QoL of the Nigerian outpatients with schizophrenia. It also determines the sociodemographic and clinical factors associated with OCS. METHOD: A cross-sectional study involving 232 patients with schizophrenia completed socio-demographic and clinical characteristics questionnaire. OCS was examined with Obsessive Compulsive Inventory (OCI) and QoL was assessed using the brief version of the World Health Organisation Quality of Life questionnaire. RESULT: Most of the schizophrenia patients with OCS were unmarried, unemployed, had an earlier onset, longer duration of illness, and were on higher doses of antipsychotics. They reported lower QoL and more severity of symptoms of schizophrenia when compared to those without OCS. The OCI total and it's subscales had negative weak to moderate relationship with all the domains of the WHOQoL Bref. Being unemployed, dosage of antipsychotic medication, negative symptoms and OCI total were the predictors of the total quality of life among Nigerian schizophrenia patients. CONCLUSION: OCS are very common and reduce QoL of schizophrenia patients. Hence, there is a need to routinely screen patients with schizophrenia for OCS and manage them appropriately.


Assuntos
Transtorno Obsessivo-Compulsivo/fisiopatologia , Qualidade de Vida , Esquizofrenia/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Comorbidade , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nigéria/epidemiologia , Transtorno Obsessivo-Compulsivo/epidemiologia , Pacientes Ambulatoriais , Esquizofrenia/epidemiologia
3.
Arch Womens Ment Health ; 16(1): 11-8, 2013 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22936117

RESUMO

Research into intimate partner violence in the Nigerian environment has been limited. The objective of this study was to determine, amongst a sample of women attending the Enuwa Primary Health Care Center, Ile-Ife, the association between intimate partner violence and anxiety/depression. A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted amongst 373 women who attended the antenatal clinic and welfare units of a primary health centre in Ile-Ife using the Composite Abuse Scale, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and a socio-demographic scale as instruments. Slightly over a third (36.7 %) reported intimate partner violence within the past year, 5.6 % had anxiety and 15.5 % were depressed. Anxiety and depression in the respondents were significantly associated with intimate partner violence. Women were ten times more likely to report being depressed and 17 times more likely to report anxiety if they were in violent relationships. This research has shown that the magnitude of intimate partner violence within the study population is comparable to those found in the developing countries. There are significant associations between intimate partner violence, anxiety and depression amongst the study population and this fact undoubtedly has implications for the mental health of the Nigerian woman.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/psicologia , Depressão/psicologia , Parceiros Sexuais , Maus-Tratos Conjugais/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/epidemiologia , Depressão Pós-Parto/epidemiologia , Depressão Pós-Parto/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Relações Interpessoais , Entrevistas como Assunto , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Nigéria/epidemiologia , Gravidez , Cuidado Pré-Natal , Prevalência , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Maus-Tratos Conjugais/estatística & dados numéricos , Estresse Psicológico/etiologia , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , População Urbana , Adulto Jovem
4.
Afr J Psychiatry (Johannesbg) ; 13(5): 351-6, 2010 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21390405

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Epilepsy is a chronic disorder marked by intermittent, often unpredictable seizures which may be embarrassing and disruptive to the normal activity of daily living. This review was undertaken to provide information / data on the prevalence, seizure types, treatment issues and psychosocial impact of epilepsy in Nigeria. METHOD: We searched the PUBMED database with emphasis on studies conducted in Nigeria using a combination of the following words: epilepsy, seizure, convulsion, prevalence, epidemiology, psychiatric morbidity, social issues, quality of life, cognition, school performance, treatment issues and Nigeria. RESULT: 48 relevant studies that met the criteria were reviewed. The point prevalence of epilepsy varies from 5.3 to 37 per 1000 in Nigeria. Most studies showed a predominance of generalized tonic-clonic seizures. Nigerian patients with epilepsy suffer social deprivation and discrimination in education, employment, housing, marital life as well as associated psychiatric morbidity. CONCLUSION: Epilepsy, a stigmatizing disorder in Nigeria, has a significant impact on the day to day functioning of those with the condition.


Assuntos
Epilepsia/psicologia , Transtornos Mentais/epidemiologia , Discriminação Social , Estereotipagem , Anticonvulsivantes/uso terapêutico , Comorbidade , Escolaridade , Epilepsia/diagnóstico , Epilepsia/tratamento farmacológico , Epilepsia/epidemiologia , Humanos , Nigéria/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Qualidade de Vida
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