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1.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 30(6): 105747, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33784520

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The present study aimed to examine the effectiveness of proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1HMRS) in determining the progression of neurological symptoms resulting in acute ischemic stroke in patients with lenticulostriate artery (LSA) infarction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 1HMRS was performed within 72 h after neurological symptom onset. Voxel of interest was placed in tissue that included the pyramidal tract and identified diffusion weighted echo planar spin-echo sequence (DWI) coronal images. Infarct volume in DWI was calculated using the ABC/2 method. 1HMRS data (tNAA, tCr, Glx, tCho, and Ins) were analyzed using LCModel. Progressive neurological symptoms were defined as an increase of 1 or more in the NIHSS score. Patients who underwent 1HMRS after progressive neurological symptoms were excluded. RESULTS: In total, 77 patients were enrolled. Of these, 19 patients had progressive neurological symptoms. The patients with progressive neurological symptoms were significantly more likely to be female and had higher tCho/tCr values, higher rates of axial slices ≥ 3 slices on DWI, higher infarct volume on DWI, higher maximum diameter of infarction of axial slice on DWI, and higher SBP on admission compared to those without. Multivariable logistic analysis revealed that higher tCho/tCr values were independently associated with progressive neurological symptoms after adjusting for age, sex, and initial DWI infarct volume (tCho/tCr per 0.01 increase, OR 1.26, 95% CI 1.03-1.52, P = 0.022). CONCLUSIONS: Increased tCho/tCr score were associated with progressive neurological symptoms in patients with LSA ischemic stroke. Quantitative evaluation of 1HMRS parameters may be useful for predicting the progression of neurological symptoms.

2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(6): e24358, 2021 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33578532

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: To investigate whether chemical shift imaging (CSI) is useful for differentiating myelomatous infiltration from hematopoietic bone marrow (BM) and for quantitatively assessing disease severity.In this retrospective study, spinal MRI, including a sagittal iterative decomposition of water and fat with echo asymmetry and least-squares estimation T2 fast spin-echo sequence, was performed on 76 myeloma patients (45 men, 67.0 ±â€Š11.4 years; 31 women, 66.5 ±â€Š11.0 years) and 30 control subjects (20 men, 67.0 ±â€Š8.4 years; 10 women, 67.0 ±â€Š9.2 years). The fat-signal fraction (FF) and mean signal dropout ratio (DR) were calculated from lumbar BM that contained no focal lesions. The BM plasma cell percentage (BMPC%) and serological data were obtained. As DR is highest when FF = 50%, the patients were divided into 2 groups: a water-dominant group (FF < 50%) and a fat-dominant group (FF > 50%).Serum monoclonal protein (M protein), ß2-microglobulin, and BMPC% were significantly higher in the water-dominant group than in the fat-dominant group. In the water-dominant group, DR correlated significantly with BMPC% and M protein, whereas in the control group, DR showed a weak correlation with age but no correlation with other clinical factors. No significant differences in any clinical data were seen between high and low DR.CSI proved ineffective for differentiating myelomatous infiltration from hematopoietic BM. For myeloma patients with relatively high BM cellularity, a small signal drop on opposed-phase images indicated a higher tumor burden. For BM with relatively low cellularity, disease severity was not reflected by CSI.


Assuntos
Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Mieloma Múltiplo/diagnóstico por imagem , Idoso , Medula Óssea/diagnóstico por imagem , Medula Óssea/patologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Vértebras Lombares/diagnóstico por imagem , Vértebras Lombares/patologia , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Masculino , Mieloma Múltiplo/diagnóstico , Mieloma Múltiplo/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
3.
Int J Surg Case Rep ; 80: 105621, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33596520

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND IMPORTANCE: Basaloid squamous cell carcinoma (BSCC) of the esophagus is a relatively rare histologic variant of squamous cell carcinoma. Here, we reported a case of solitary cutaneous metastasis as the first symptom of esophageal BSCC and was successfully treated with multidisciplinary treatment. CASE PRESENTATION: A 67-year-old man visited a local hospital with symptoms of dysphagia and cutaneous nodules on his left shoulder. Fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography revealed hypermetabolic accumulations in the middle thoracic esophagus, right recurrent laryngeal nerve lymph node, and epidermis of the left shoulder. Esophagogastroscopy revealed an ulcerative and infiltrating type tumor in the middle thoracic esophagus. Based on histopathologic examination of the endoscopic biopsy and the resected cutaneous tumor, the patient was diagnosed as esophageal BSCC with cutaneous metastasis. The patient was treated with chemotherapy followed by chemoradiotherapy. The therapeutic effect was a complete response, which was sustained for 39 months. CLINICAL DISCUSSION: Review of previous literature in the PubMed database revealed only been two case reports on cutaneous metastasis of BSCC. Advanced BSCC of the esophagus with distant metastasis has a poor prognosis. Therefore, in our case, future careful follow-up is required. CONCLUSION: Esophageal BSCC with cutaneous metastasis can be successfully managed by multidisciplinary treatment, including local resection of the cutaneous metastasis, systemic chemotherapy, and chemoradiotherapy.

4.
Intern Med ; 60(1): 39-46, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33390470

RESUMO

Objective Prospective memory (PM) is an important social cognitive function in everyday life. PM is one of the most affected cognitive domains in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. Gray matter (GM) atrophy and plaques have been attracting attention for various cognitive impairments in MS patients. This study aimed to clarify the atrophic GM regions associated with PM deficits and investigate the relationship between the atrophic GM regions and GM plaques. Methods Twenty-one MS patients and 10 healthy controls (HCs) underwent neuropsychological tests and MRI. PM was assessed using subtests of the Rivermead Behavioural Memory Test. A lesion symptom analysis was performed using voxel-based morphometry (VBM). We then evaluated GM plaques in the corresponding areas using double inversion recovery (DIR). Results MS patients showed lower PM scores than HCs (p=0.0064). The GM volume of MS patients tended to be lower than those of HCs. VBM analyses revealed correlations of the PM score with the orbital part of the left inferior frontal gyrus, the left hippocampus, and the right parahippocampus. There was no GM plaque in the orbital part of the left inferior frontal gyrus and the right parahippocampus. Only one patient (4.8%) had GM plaque in the left hippocampus. Conclusion The left inferior frontal gyrus, the left hippocampus, and the right parahippocampus were associated with PM in MS, whereas these atrophic GM regions were not associated with GM plaque. Regardless of the location of plaques on DIR, both PM deficit and GM atrophy should be detected using neuropsychological tests and VBM in MS patients.


Assuntos
Memória Episódica , Esclerose Múltipla , Atrofia/patologia , Substância Cinzenta/diagnóstico por imagem , Substância Cinzenta/patologia , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Esclerose Múltipla/complicações , Esclerose Múltipla/diagnóstico por imagem
5.
Eur J Radiol ; 136: 109523, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33460957

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Differentiating between germinoma and non-germinomatous germ cell tumor (NGGCT) is important because sensitivity to chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy is quite different between these two subgroups. In this study, we evaluated whether the arterial spin labeling (ASL) based perfusion-weighted imaging (PWI) could provide additional information for the differential diagnosis between germinoma and NGGCT. METHOD: Between 2011 and 2018, 20 patients with central nervous system (CNS) germ cell tumor (GCT) who underwent preoperative MR imaging including ASL-PWI were enrolled in this study. Relative tumor blood flow (rTBF) was evaluated on ASL-PWI by manually placing regions of interest at gadolinium enhanced part of the tumors and normal subcortical white matter. Presence of intratumoral T1 hyperintense foci and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) were also evaluated. The final diagnosis was made by the combination of tumor markers and the histological diagnosis. RESULTS: Among 20 patients of CNS-GCT, 11 were diagnosed as germinoma and 9 were diagnosed as NGGCT. In the germinoma subgroup, the rTBF ranged from 0.90 to 1.71 (mean 1.21, median 1.09), while it ranged from 1.14 to 5.75 (mean 3.91, median 3.31) in NGGCT subgroup. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve showed that calculating rTBF is useful for differentiating between germinoma and NGGCT (area under the curve (AUC) 0.929, P = 0.0012) compared to intratumoral T1 hyperintense foci (AUC 0.788, P = 0.0304) and ADC (AUC 0.919, P = 0.0016). CONCLUSIONS: High rTBF obtained by ASL-PWI implied the presence of NGGCT component. This information might help in deciding the chemotherapy/radiotherapy intensity.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas , Neoplasias Embrionárias de Células Germinativas , Sistema Nervoso Central , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Neoplasias Embrionárias de Células Germinativas/diagnóstico por imagem , Perfusão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Marcadores de Spin
6.
J Pain Res ; 13: 3227-3234, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33299346

RESUMO

Purpose: Expectation affects pain experience in humans. Numerous studies have reported that pre-stimulus activity in the anterior insular cortex (aIC), together with prefrontal and limbic regions, integrated pain intensity and expectations. However, it is unclear whether the resting-state functional connectivity (rs-FC) between the aIC and other brain regions affects chronic pain. The purpose of this study was to examine the rs-FC between the aIC and the whole brain regions in female patients with severe knee osteoarthritis (OA). Patients and Methods: Nineteen female patients with chronic severe knee OA and 15 matched controls underwent resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging. We compared the rs-FC from the aIC seed region between the two groups. A disease-specific measurement of knee OA was performed. Results: The aIC showed stronger rs-FC with the right orbitofrontal cortex (OFC), subcallosal area, and bilateral frontal pole compared with controls. The strength of rs-FC between the left aIC and the right OFC was positively correlated with the knee OA pain score (r = 0.49, p = 0.03). The strength of rs-FC between the right aIC and right OFC was positively correlated with the knee OA total score (r = 0.48, p = 0.036) and pain score (r = 0.46, p = 0.049). The OFC, subcallosal area, and frontal pole, together with the aIC, were activated during anticipation of pain stimulus. These areas have been reported as representative pain-related expectation regions. Conclusion: This was the first study to show the stronger rs-FCs between the aIC and other pain-related expectation regions in female patients with severe knee OA. Female sex and preoperative pain intensity are risk factors of persistent postoperative pain after total knee arthroplasty. It is suggested that the functional relationship between pain-related expectation regions affects the formation of severe knee OA and persistent postoperative pain following total knee arthroplasty.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33058554

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Indications for laparoscopic liver resection (LLR) are continuously expanding. The Japanese Society of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery defines highly difficult hepatectomy as a procedure involving one or more sections (except for left lateral sectionectomy) or anatomical segmentectomy. This study aimed to assess the outcomes of complex LLR procedures and compare their technical difficulties, about which only a little is known to date. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of the operative outcomes of 118 consecutive patients who underwent pure laparoscopic complex hepatectomy. The surgical outcomes, including operative times, blood loss amounts, and postoperative morbidity rates, were compared among complex LLR procedures. RESULTS: The overall median operative time was 280 minutes, and the median intraoperative blood loss was 86 mL. Two patients required conversion to open laparotomy (1.7%). The postoperative major morbidity rate was 11.0% Posterosuperior segmentectomy, right hemihepatectomy, and anterior sectionectomy required the longest operative times. Anterior and posterior sectionectomy resulted in the highest blood loss, and right hemihepatectomy and anterior sectionectomy resulted in the most complications. CONCLUSIONS: The surgical difficulties associated with complex LLR procedures vary. It is critical to recognize the specific risks and cautionary points to ensure patient safety and provide proper systemic training to surgeons.

8.
Int J Surg Case Rep ; 75: 152-156, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32950945

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Primary malignant melanoma of the esophagus (PMME) is a rare disease with a poor prognosis. Here, we report a case of retroperitoneal recurrence of PMME successfully treated with the anti-programmed cell death 1 antibody, nivolumab. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 70-year-old male with dysphagia was referred to our hospital. Esophagogastroscopy showed an elevated tumor in the lower thoracic esophagus. A histopathological examination of the biopsy revealed poorly differentiated squamous cell carcinoma. The patient was diagnosed with clinical T3N1M0 stage III esophageal squamous cell carcinoma and was treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by radical esophagectomy. A postoperative histopathological examination revealed that atypical cells with a brown pigment were scattered in the tumor. Immunohistochemical staining demonstrated positive expression of human melanoma black 45, melan A, and S100. A pathological diagnosis of PMME was confirmed. Sixteen months after surgery, abdominal computed tomography revealed solitary retroperitoneal recurrence in the lateral portion of the ascending colon. Fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (PET) showed hypermetabolic accumulation with a maximum standardized uptake value of 5.8. The patient was treated with nivolumab (240 mg) every two weeks. After eight courses of nivolumab, abnormal accumulation of the retroperitoneal mass disappeared on PET, and this therapeutic effect continued for 20 months. CONCLUSIONS: Nivolumab was effective for recurrence of PMME in our case. There are few reports of treatment with nivolumab for PMME. Further studies are necessary to establish the usefulness of nivolumab for PMME in the future.

9.
Int J Surg Case Rep ; 74: 27-31, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32777763

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Most esophageal carcinosarcoma (ECS) tumors present as a polypoid tumor that is continuous with the superficial lesion and suspended by a pedicle. Here, we report a case of ECS in which a polypoid lesion sloughed off before surgery. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 76-year-old man with dysphagia was admitted to our hospital. Esophagogastroscopy revealed a 20-mm polypoid tumor continuous with a superficial lesion and attached to the lesion by a thin pedicle in the mid-thoracic esophagus. Histopathological examination of the endoscopic biopsy showed that the superficial lesion was a moderately differentiated squamous cell carcinoma and that the polypoid tumor contained a sarcomatous element. He was diagnosed with ECS and underwent radical esophagectomy with three-field lymph node dissection. In the resected specimen, no polypoid tumor was found, and only a superficial lesion was observed. The histopathological findings revealed only squamous cell carcinoma, and the pathological diagnosis was esophageal squamous cell carcinoma, pT1bN0M0, pathological stage I. The patient was discharged from the hospital 22 days after surgery and did not experience any complications. He is currently alive and remained cancer-free for three years since surgery was performed. DISCUSSION: Due to the distinctive configuration in which the polypoid lesion was connected to the superficial cancerous lesion by a very thin pedicle, researchers suggested that the polypoid tumor, which consisted of a sarcomatous element, was sloughed off before surgery. CONCLUSION: We encountered a rare case of ECS in which the sarcomatous element sloughed off prior to surgical resection.

10.
Gastroenterol Res Pract ; 2020: 7125642, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32849868

RESUMO

Methods: This study was a prospective, open-label, nonblinded, multicenter, and observational study. From September 2013 to March 2017, patients taking DOACs were enrolled. Patients underwent VCE. The type and location of small-bowel lesions were registered. Also, (1) the proportion of lesions detected between types of DOAC was evaluated and (2) the hemoglobin (Hb) and serum ferritin levels were compared between patients with and without small-bowel lesions. Results: 33 patients were enrolled, but 4 patients withdrew their consent, and VCE was performed on 29 patients. Eight, 13, and 8 patients received dabigatran, rivaroxaban, and apixaban, respectively. Small-bowel transit was complete in 27 of 29 patients (93.1%). Small-bowel lesions were detected in 23 (79.3%), redness in 12 (41.4%), erosions in 14 (48.3%), and angioectasia in 3 (10.3%) patients, and 6 patients (20.7%) had no abnormalities. Redness and erosions were detected in the upper, middle, or lower portions, but erosions tended to be less frequent in the middle portion (p = 0.25, 0.06). Angioectasia was not detected in the lower portion. No patients had active bleeding. The findings did not differ according to the drug. The relationships between the endoscopic findings and the Hb and serum ferritin levels were not significant. Conclusion: Many patients taking DOACs had small-bowel lesions; however, most lesions were relatively mild. Observing small-bowel lesions over longer periods may be necessary in patients taking DOACs. This trial is registered with UMIN000011527.

11.
Esophagus ; 2020 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32613327

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Several studies have demonstrated that prehabilitation helps reduce the incidence of postoperative complications. In this study, we investigated the safety and efficacy of enhanced prehabilitation (EP) in the hospital for patients with esophageal cancer. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the data of 48 consecutive patients who underwent radical esophagectomy with gastric tube reconstruction between September 2015 and June 2019. EP program had been introduced in August 2017. In the EP group, patients received the EP program during hospitalization 7 days before surgery in addition to conventional perioperative rehabilitation. The EP program consisted of aerobic exercise and muscle strength training in the morning and afternoon. Operative outcomes were compared between patients who received EP (EP group; 23 patients) and patients who did not receive EP (control group; 25 patients). RESULTS: The preoperative (EP group vs. control group, 492.9 ± 79.7 vs. 418.9 ± 71.8 m, p < 0.001) and postoperative (EP group vs. control group, 431.5 ± 80 vs. 378 ± 68.7 m, p < 0.001) 6-min walk distance was significantly higher in the EP group than in the control group. The respiratory complications rate was significantly lower in the EP group (4.3%) than in the control group (36%) (p = 0.007). The incidence of atelectasis was particularly significantly lower in the EP group (0%) than in the control group (24%) (p = 0.012). CONCLUSIONS: EP was performed safely for patients before esophagectomy. EP improved the exercise tolerance of the patients before esophagectomy and might be useful in preventing respiratory complications.

12.
World J Surg Oncol ; 18(1): 170, 2020 Jul 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32677964

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pylorus-preserving gastrectomy (PPG) has been accepted as a function-preserving surgery for the treatment of early gastric cancer in East Asian countries. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the feasibility and safety of totally laparoscopic PPG (TLPPG) with intracorporeal anastomosis. METHODS: A total of 43 patients with early gastric cancer underwent laparoscopy-assisted PPG (LAPPG) with extracorporeal anastomosis between May 2006 and November 2012. The operative outcomes of 22 patients who underwent TLPPG between November 2012 and February 2019 were evaluated, and data were compared with that of the LAPPG group. RESULTS: No significant difference in the operative time was observed between the two groups. Blood loss was lower in the TLPPG group (18.5 mL) than in the LAPPG group (30.7 mL, p = 0.008), and the length of abdominal incision was shorter in the TLPPG group (3.8 cm) than in the LAPPG group (4.7 cm, p < 0.001). No significant difference in the complication rate was observed between the two groups (13.6% in the TLPPG vs. 9.3% in the LAPPG group, p = 0.594). No anastomosis-related complications occurred in either group. No significant between-group difference was observed in the delayed gastric emptying (TLPPG, 9.1 vs. LAPPG, 7%, p = 0.762). The initiation of postoperative fluid (TLPPG, 1.0 day vs. LAPPG, 3.0 days, p < 0.001) and meal (TLPPG, 3.0 days vs. LAPPG, 4.0 days, p < 0.001) intake was earlier in the TLPPG group than in the LAPPG group. No significant between-group difference was observed in the postoperative hospital stay. CONCLUSIONS: The findings of this study suggest that TLPPG with intracorporeal reconstruction not only is as feasible and safe as LAPPG for the treatment of patients with early gastric cancer but also provides certain advantages such as reduced blood loss and wound size.

13.
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho ; 47(6): 981-983, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32541179

RESUMO

Ramucirumab(RAM)plus nab-paclitaxel(nab-PTX)therapy is a regimen that is recommended for the second round of chemotherapy in recurrent, progressive gastric cancer. We report the first case of a thoracic aortic dissection developed during RAM plus nab-PTX therapy. A 59-year-old male who had undergone a proximal gastrectomy for esophagogastric junction cancer had a recurrence of cancer 6 years later(metastasis to the para-aortic lymph node and left adrenal gland, local recurrence, and multiple bone metastases). He was treated with RAM plus nab-PTX therapy for second-line chemotherapy. On day 9 of the third cycle, he experienced sudden, severe neck pain and visited the outpatient emergency department. Computed tomography detected a Stanford type-A thoracic aortic dissection. However, the patient suffered from a myocardial infarction before the operation, and died. This is the first report of an aortic dissection associated with RAM. Clinicians must be aware of this complication.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Gástricas , Albuminas , Aneurisma Dissecante/complicações , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados , Gastrectomia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Paclitaxel , Neoplasias Gástricas/complicações
14.
Int J Surg Case Rep ; 72: 166-171, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32535535

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Pulmonary metastases from esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) are often detected bilateral and multiple lesions and are often accompanied by metastases to other sites. The concept of oligometastasis has been developed, and limited distant metastases have been considered as indications for surgical resection for the purpose of extending overall survival. We herein present a long-surviving case of super-late pulmonary recurrence of ESCC, seven years after radical esophagectomy. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 71-year-old woman who underwent radical subtotal esophagectomy with three-field lymph node dissection with a diagnosis of an advanced poorly differentiated ESCC with cT3N1M0 seven years ago visited our hospital. Chest X-ray and computed tomography at the 7-year follow-up revealed a solitary pulmonary tumor, 1.5 cm in diameter, at the right middle lobe without any extrapulmonary metastases; however, we could not diagnose whether primary lung cancer or pulmonary metastasis of ESCC was present. Therefore, we performed thoracoscopic partial resection of the right middle lobe. A histopathological examination including immunohistochemical staining revealed that the tumor was not derived from both alveolar epithelium and neuroendocrine cells and was diagnosed as pulmonary oligometastasis of ESCC. She has been followed for four years without re-recurrence. CONCLUSION: Pulmonary oligometastases of ESCC should be considered as surgical indications if the tumor is detected after a long disease-free interval without any extrapulmonary recurrences.

15.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 6561, 2020 04 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32300128

RESUMO

X-ray Talbot-Lau interferometry is one of the x-ray phase imaging methods that has high sensitivity in depicting soft tissues. Unlike earlier x-ray phase imaging methods that required particular types of x-ray sources, such as a synchrotron or a micro-focus x-ray tube, x-ray Talbot-Lau interferometry enables to perform clinical x-ray phase imaging using a conventional x-ray source with a relatively compact configuration. We developed an apparatus to depict cartilage in the metacarpophalangeal joints of the hands. In addition, we examined the apparatus performance by applying it to healthy volunteers and patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Cartilage deformation, which is thought to be a precursor of destruction of the joints, was successfully depicted by the apparatus, suggesting a potential early diagnosis of RA.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Cartilagem/diagnóstico por imagem , Imageamento Tridimensional , Interferometria , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Artrite Reumatoide/patologia , Cartilagem/patologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Articulações/diagnóstico por imagem , Articulações/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Raios X , Adulto Jovem
16.
Ann Gastroenterol Surg ; 4(1): 76-83, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32021961

RESUMO

Aim: Laparoscopic liver resection (LLR) is increasingly carried out worldwide. However, there are concerns regarding ischemia-reperfusion injury caused by pneumoperitoneum and the Pringle maneuver. It is not clear whether perioperative use of glucocorticoids lowers the risk of ischemia-reperfusion hepatic injury in LLR as has been reported for open liver resection. The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of perioperative glucocorticoid use in improving hepatic function and surgical outcomes after LLR. Methods: In this double-blind, randomized controlled trial (UMIN000013823), we enrolled 130 patients who presented to our institution for LLR between April 2014 and October 2018. Six patients were excluded, resulting in 124 patients being randomized to either the glucocorticoid or the control group. Preoperatively, patients in the glucocorticoid group received 500 mg methylprednisolone in saline solution, patients in the control group saline solution only. Surgical outcomes and blood parameters were compared between the two groups. Results: The Pringle maneuver could not be carried out in 24 patients, resulting in 50 patients in each group being included in the analysis. Postoperatively, total, direct and indirect bilirubin, and C-reactive protein and interleukin-6 levels were significantly lower, albumin levels were significantly higher, and prothrombin time was significantly shorter in the glucocorticoid than in the control group. Surgical outcomes were not significantly different between the groups. Conclusion: This first report on preoperative glucocorticoid use in LLR showed that it significantly improved postoperative liver function and thus might enhance the safety of LLR.

17.
PLoS One ; 15(2): e0229607, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32106239

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To compare remission status at completion of chemotherapy for multiple myeloma (MM) with changes in total diffusion volume (tDV) calculated from whole-body diffusion-weighted imaging (WB-DWI) and fat fraction (FF) of lumbar bone marrow (BM) by modified Dixon Quant (mDixon Quant) soon after induction of chemotherapy, and to assess the predictive value of MRI. METHODS: Fifty patients (mean age, 66.9 ± 10.5 years) with symptomatic myeloma were examined before and after two cycles of chemotherapy. From WB-DWI data, tDV was obtained with the threshold for positive BM involvement. Mean FF was calculated from lumbar BM using the mDixon Quant sequence. At the completion of chemotherapy, patients were categorized into a CR/very good PR (VGPR) group (n = 15; mean age, 67.6 ± 10.3 years) and a PR, SD or PD group (n = 35; mean age, 69.1 ± 8.6 years). ROC curves were plotted to assess performance in predicting achievement of CR/VGPR. RESULTS: At second examination, serum M protein, ß2-microglobulin, and tDV were significantly decreased and hemoglobin, mean ADC, and FF were significantly increased in the CR/VGPR group and serum M protein was significantly increased in the PR/SD/PD group. The general linear model demonstrated that percentage changes in FF and M protein contributed significantly to achieving CR/VGPR (P = 0.02, P = 0.04, respectively). AUCs of ROC curves were 0.964 for FF and 0.847 for M protein. CONCLUSIONS: Early change in FF of lumbar BM and serum M protein soon after induction of chemotherapy contributed significantly to prediction of CR/VGPR.


Assuntos
Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Mieloma Múltiplo/diagnóstico por imagem , Mieloma Múltiplo/tratamento farmacológico , Imagem Corporal Total/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Medula Óssea/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos de Coortes , Imagem de Difusão por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Região Lombossacral/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mieloma Múltiplo/sangue , Proteínas do Mieloma/metabolismo , Prognóstico , Indução de Remissão , Estudos Retrospectivos
19.
Magn Reson Med Sci ; 19(1): 21-28, 2020 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30880292

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Hepatobiliary-phase (HBP) MRI with gadoxetic acid facilitates the differentiation between lesions with and without functional hepatocytes. Thus, high-quality HBP images are required for the detection and evaluation of hepatic lesions. However, the long scan time may increase artifacts due to intestinal peristalsis, resulting in the loss of diagnostic information. Pseudo-random acquisition order disperses artifacts into the background. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical applicability of pseudo-random trajectory scanning for the suppression of motion artifacts on T1-weighted images including HBP. METHODS: Our investigation included computer simulation, phantom experiments, and a clinical study. For computer simulation and phantom experiments a region of interest (ROI) was placed on the area with motion artifact and the standard deviation inside the ROI was measured as image noise. For clinical study we subjected 62 patients to gadoxetic acid-enhanced hepatobiliary-phase imaging with a circular- and a pseudo-random trajectory (c-HBP and p-HBP); two radiologists graded the motion artifacts, sharpness of the liver edge, visibility of intrahepatic vessels, and overall image quality using a five-point scale where 1 = unacceptable and 5 = excellent. Differences in the qualitative scores were determined using the two-sided Wilcoxon signed-rank test. RESULTS: The image noise was higher on the circular image compared with pseudo-random image (101.0 vs 60.9 on computer simulation image, 91.2 vs 67.7 on axial, 95.5 vs 86.9 on reformatted sagittal image for phantom experiments). For clinical study the score for motion artifacts was significantly higher with p-HBP than c-HBP imaging (left lobe: mean 3.4 vs 3.2, P < 0.01; right lobe: mean 3.6 vs 3.4, P < 0.01) as was the qualitative score for the overall image quality (mean 3.6 vs 3.3, P < 0.01). CONCLUSION: At gadoxetic acid-enhanced hepatobiliary-phase imaging, p-HBP scanning suppressed motion artifacts and yielded better image quality than c-HBP scanning.


Assuntos
Gadolínio DTPA/química , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Fígado/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Artefatos , Simulação por Computador , Humanos , Imagens de Fantasmas
20.
Asian J Endosc Surg ; 13(2): 152-159, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31313511

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Recent studies have reported that induction chemotherapy with docetaxel plus cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil (DCF) is an effective treatment for unresectable, locally advanced esophageal cancer. The aim of this study was to investigate the safety and feasibility of thoracoscopic esophagectomy (TE) after DCF for initially unresectable esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). METHODS: Twenty-three patients with initially unresectable T4 thoracic ESCC underwent TE after induction DCF. RESULTS: The neighboring organs with tumors were the tracheobronchus in nine patients, thoracic aorta in 13, and pericardium and diaphragm in three each (concurrent overlapping invasion occurred in five patients). The mean total operation time was 556.3 ± 107.2 minutes, and the mean time of the thoracic procedure was 258.9 ± 83.9 minutes. The mean total blood loss was 166.2 ± 117.8 mL, and the loss during the thoracic procedure was 33.5 ± 24.6 mL. All patients achieved complete R0 resection under TE. No conversions to open thoracotomy were performed. The postoperative morbidity rate was 34.8%. The postoperative hospital stay was 24.3 (range, 13-38) days. Five patients had recurrence: four had distant metastasis (lung, two; liver, three; and one with overlap), and one had mediastinal lymph node recurrence. No local recurrence was noted at the site of the primary T4 tumor. CONCLUSIONS: TE was safely performed in 23 patients after DCF therapy for locally advanced unresectable ESCC. Induction DCF, followed by TE, could be an alternative treatment for unresectable T4 ESCC.

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