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1.
Macromol Rapid Commun ; 41(22): e2000430, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32989818

RESUMO

Conjugated polymers represent a promising family of semiconductor materials for thin-film organic solar cells (OSCs). An efficient approach to improve the photovoltaic performance of conjugated polymers is engineering the side chains attached to the polymer backbone. This work reports the impact of different alkyl substituents on the optoelectronic properties, charge carrier mobilities, thin film morphology, and photovoltaic performance of novel (X-DADAD)n conjugated polymers incorporating benzo[1,2-b:4,5-b']dithiophene moieties. It has been shown that loading conjugated polymers with appropriate alkyl side chains results in a spectacular performance improvement from 6.8% to 9% in OCSs using a model fullerene acceptor [6,6]-phenyl-C71 -butyric acid methyl ester. The obtained results feature side-chain engineering as a facile and efficient strategy for designing high-performance conjugated polymers for organic photovoltaics.


Assuntos
Fulerenos , Energia Solar , Estrutura Molecular , Polímeros
2.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(24): 21741-21748, 2019 Jun 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31091872

RESUMO

We explored the radiation stability of carbazole-based electron-donor conjugated polymers, acceptor fullerene derivative [60]PCBM, and their blends as active layer components of organic solar cells. An exposure to Î³ rays induced evident degradation effects in bulk samples of the pristine fullerene acceptor ([60]PCBM) and two investigated electron-donor conjugated polymers: PCDTBT and PCDTTBTBTT. The most severe radiation damage occurred in [60]PCBM as can be concluded from the significant losses in open circuit voltage, fill factor, and efficiency of photovoltaic (PV) devices comprising the exposed fullerene acceptor. Conjugated polymers PCDTBT and PCDTTBTBTT showed substantially different radiation stabilities: the samples of PCDTTBTBTT exposed to 200 Gy lost ∼25% of their nominal photovoltaic efficiency due to a substantial decay of all device parameters, while PCDTBT alone showed just a minor aging under the same conditions. The fullerene-polymer composites were much more resistant with respect to the radiation damage than the bulk samples of pristine materials. In particular, the PCDTBT/[60]PCBM composite films demonstrated an outstanding radiation stability while maintaining more than 80% of the initial photovoltaic efficiency after exposure to γ rays with a maximum absorbed dose of 6500 Gy. Considering an average annual radiation dose of 160 Gy according to the NASA estimations for satellites at geocentric Earth orbits, organic solar cells based on PCDTBT/[60]PCBM blends hold a promise to deliver lifetimes well above 10 years. The revealed impressive radiation stability of PCDTBT/[60]PCBM blends in combination with other advantages of organic solar cells, for example, their mechanical flexibility and lightweight, points to a bright future of this PV technology in space industry applications.

3.
Langmuir ; 33(39): 10118-10124, 2017 10 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28873309

RESUMO

We demonstrate a facile approach to designing transparent electron-collecting electrodes by depositing thin layers of medium and low work function metals on top of transparent conductive metal oxides (TCOs) such as ITO and FTO. The modified electrodes were fairly stable for months under ambient conditions and maintained their electrical characteristics. XPS spectroscopy data strongly suggested integration of the deposited metal in the TCO structure resulting in additional doping of the conducting oxide at the interface. Kelvin probe microscopy measurements revealed a significant decrease in the ITO work function after modification. Organic solar cells based on three different conjugated polymers have demonstrated state of the art performances in inverted device geometry using Mg- or Yb-modified ITO as electron collecting electrode. The simplicity of the proposed approach and the excellent ambient stability of the modified ITO electrodes allows one to expect their wide utilization in research laboratories and electronic industry.

4.
ChemSusChem ; 8(24): 4209-15, 2015 Dec 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26663820

RESUMO

The application of conjugated materials in organic photovoltaics (OPVs) is usually demonstrated in lab-scale spin-coated devices that are processed under controlled inert conditions. Although this is a necessary step to prove high efficiency, testing of promising materials in air should be done in the early stages of research to validate their real potential for low-cost, solution-processed, and large-scale OPVs. Also relevant for approaching commercialization needs is the use of printing techniques that are compatible with upscaling. Here, solution processing of organic solar cells based on three new poly(2,7-carbazole) derivatives is efficiently transferred, without significant losses, to air conditions and to several deposition methods using a simple device architecture. High efficiencies in the range between 5.0 % and 6.3 % are obtained in (rigid) spin-coated, doctor-bladed, and (flexible) slot-die-coated devices, which surpass the reference devices based on poly[N-9'-heptadecanyl-2,7-carbazole-alt-5,5-(4',7'-di-2-thienyl-2',1',3'-benzothiadiazole)] (PCDTBT). In contrast, inkjet printing does not provide reliable results with the presented polymers, which is attributed to their high molecular weight. When the device area in the best-performing system is increased from 9 mm(2) to 0.7 cm(2), the efficiency drops from 6.2 % to 5.0 %. Photocurrent mapping reveals inhomogeneous current generation derived from changes in the thickness of the active layer.


Assuntos
Carbazóis/química , Fontes de Energia Elétrica , Polímeros/química , Energia Solar , Ar , Peso Molecular , Tiadiazóis/química , Tiofenos/química
5.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 51(12): 2239-41, 2015 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25370184

RESUMO

Here we report the application of the Electron Spin Resonance (ESR) spectroscopy as a highly sensitive analytical technique for assessment of the electronic quality of organic semiconductor materials, particularly conjugated polymers. It has been shown that different batches of the same conjugated polymer might contain substantially different amounts of radical species which were attributed to structural defects and/or impurities behaving as traps for mobile charge carriers. Good correlations between the concentrations of radicals in various batches of conjugated polymers and their performances in organic solar cells have been revealed.

6.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 51(12): 2242-4, 2015 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25435101

RESUMO

It was shown that ESR spectroscopy is a very useful technique for monitoring the photochemical and thermal degradation of conjugated polymers commonly used in organic solar cells. The relative stability of materials can be quantified by comparing the rates of trap accumulation (dC(R)/dt) estimated from their ESR profiles.

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