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1.
Int Arch Allergy Immunol ; : 1-9, 2018 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30404088

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: About 65-80% of children with IgE-mediated cow's milk allergy (CMA) can tolerate extensively heated milk. We have invested in the mass fabrication of a test product containing milk protein baked at 180°C for 30 min (SUTMEK-milk) and a milk-free placebo (SUTMEK-placebo) to carry out a standardised double-blind placebo-controlled food challenge (DBPCFC) test in patients with CMA. METHODS: We studied children with IgE-mediated CMA between 13 and 48 months of age. Specific IgEs (spIgE) to milk proteins were quantified. A DBPCFC with our bakery products was performed, and factors determining reactivity to extensively heated milk were evaluated. We also tested the applicability of SUTMEK products in baked-milk oral immunotherapy in a pilot assessment. RESULTS: We studied 15 children (8 girls, 7 boys) with a median age of 26 months (range: 13-48 months). Nine (60%) patients tolerated a challenge with extensively heated milk, while 6 (40%) were found reactive (anaphylaxis: 2, wheezing: 2, urticaria: 2). spIgE to milk, α-lactalbumin, and casein, and the wheal diameter on skin prick testing were higher in the reactive group than the tolerant groups (p = 0.001, p = 0.001, p = 0.002, and p = 0.048, respectively). Receiver-operating characteristic curve analyses yielded the following cut-off values for spIgEs that would predict a reactivity to extensively heated milk; milk: 25 kU/L (area under curve, AUC: 0.981), casein: 32 kU/L (AUC: 0.983), and α-lactalbumin: 17 kU/L (AUC: 0.981). Nine patients have tolerated well a continued daily consumption of SUTMEK-milk or -placebo for 6 months at the desired doses. CONCLUSIONS: Our bakery products were successfully used in DBPCFC studies and qualified as an acceptable tool for use in the research of interventional tolerance induction. Although spIgE appears useful in determining children at high risk of reacting to extensively heated milk, the predictive cut-off values are still far from being perfect.

2.
Ecol Food Nutr ; 57(6): 441-455, 2018 Nov-Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30421984

RESUMO

The aim of this cross-sectional study is to evaluate the effect of nutrition education on nutritional knowledge levels of pregnant women. The study was undertaken on a sample of pregnant women (i = 743) attending health centers in Istanbul for prenatal care. Nutrition knowledge scores were significantly higher in posttest (23.0) than pretest (16.0) after receiving nutrition education (p < .001). Significant differences in pretest (p < .05) but not posttest (p > .05) scores were found for factors, such as education level, work status, and the number of pregnancies; significant differences in both test scores were found for age and nutrition information (p < .05). In conclusion, pregnant women need to be given adequate and appropriate nutrition education for maternal and child health according to sociodemographic characteristics.

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