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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32502330

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study assessed the level of knowledge about schizophrenia, insight into illness, and internalized stigma and their associated factors among patients with schizophrenia in Jordan. DESIGN AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted on 135 patients diagnosed with schizophrenia, who had been admitted to the largest psychiatric hospital in Jordan. FINDINGS: The participants had a low level of knowledge, insight, and a high level of internalized stigma. No correlation was found between these variables. Meanwhile, the educational level and vacation were found to be predictors of knowledge. PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: This can help psychiatric nurses to identify which area needs to be improved to ensure the best service and care is provided to patients diagnosed with schizophrenia.

2.
Int J Soc Psychiatry ; : 20764020919475, 2020 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32507073

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Schizophrenia is one of the most complicated psychiatric disorders, and, although medication therapy continues to be the core treatment for schizophrenia, there is a need for psychotherapy that helps in providing patients comprehensive mental health care. Psychoeducation is one of the most recognized psychosocial interventions specific to schizophrenia. Further knowledge about the impact of this type of intervention on patients diagnosed with schizophrenia needs to be acquired. AIM: This review aimed to explore the effects of psychoeducational interventions on improving outcome measures for patients diagnosed with schizophrenia. METHODS: The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) guideline was used in this systematic review. Two reviewers were involved in screening articles for inclusion and in the data extraction process. The selected studies were assessed for quality using the 'Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trial (CONSORT)' checklist. Out of the 441 records identified, 11 papers were considered for full review (from 2000 to 2018). RESULTS: The psychoeducational interventions showed a consistent improvement in many outcome measures. Most of the reviewed studies focused on outpatients and the method of delivering the psychoeducational interventions was mostly in lecture format. CONCLUSION: This systematic review of randomized controlled trial studies emphasizes the positive impact of psychoeducational interventions for patients diagnosed with schizophrenia concerning various outcome measures. The findings of this review have important implications for both nursing practice and research, as the information presented can be used by the administrators and stakeholders of mental health facilities to increase their understanding and awareness of the importance of integrating psychoeducational interventions in the routine care of patients diagnosed with schizophrenia.

3.
Int J Nurs Pract ; 25(6): e12779, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31496014

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite a growing body of literature investigating the impact of patients' age and sex differences on pain, there is little research on how patients' characteristics and behaviours affect nurses' pain management decisions. AIM: This study examined surgical nurses' views and experiences toward pain management in relation to the patients' characteristics and behaviours in a Jordanian university hospital. METHODS: Focus group discussions (n = 4) were used with a convenience sample of 27 female Registered Nurses. RESULTS: The study revealed differences in postoperative pain management related to patients' characteristics. Male patients were seen as more tolerant of postoperative pain than female patients and thus required less nursing attention. As a consequence, nurses might assess female surgical patients inaccurately or judgementally. Nurses label female patients as "demanding" or "over-sensitive" without intending to be judgemental. Nurses also reported that patients accompanied by relatives received quicker nursing responses and closer monitoring than unaccompanied patients. CONCLUSIONS: If patients' pain following surgery is to be treated effectively, health care policymakers and educators should work together to eliminate and prevent potential biases that might lead to disparities in pain management.


Assuntos
Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Relações Enfermeiro-Paciente , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital , Dor Pós-Operatória/enfermagem , Padrões de Prática em Enfermagem , Adulto , Viés , Feminino , Grupos Focais , Humanos , Jordânia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Amostragem
4.
J Perianesth Nurs ; 34(2): 359-367, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30293792

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to measure nurses' knowledge, attitudes, and barriers regarding pain management (PM) of postoperative patients in Jordan. DESIGN: A descriptive survey research design was used. METHODS: This descriptive study adopted a modified version of the "Knowledge and Attitudes Survey Regarding Pain" tool, administered to 120 nurses working in surgical wards. FINDINGS: Nurses had inadequate knowledge of PM, with a mean knowledge score of 63.9%. Knowledge of PM and attitudes toward PM were associated positively with the age of the participant (P = .001), years of experience in the surgical area (P = .026), and academic degree of participants (P = .026). CONCLUSIONS: Surgical nurses in this study had low knowledge levels and poor attitudes regarding PM in postoperative patients. Unless identified barriers to PM are seriously addressed, this vital aspect of holistic care will continue to be marginalized.


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/estatística & dados numéricos , Dor Pós-Operatória/terapia , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Feminino , Humanos , Jordânia , Masculino , Enfermagem Perioperatória/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários
5.
J Clin Nurs ; 28(7-8): 1354-1358, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30516863

RESUMO

AIMS: To explore the concept of compassion as represented in Islamic virtues and how it influences the practice of nurses. BACKGROUND: Islam is one of the world's major religions. Yet, an Islamic perspective of compassion is not well understood in the Western nursing literature. Current understandings of compassion are largely drawn from a Western or Buddhist perspective. DESIGN: Discursive paper. METHODS: This is a review of literature and Islamic texts on the presence, meaning and practices of compassion that are relevant to our understanding of compassion in the contemporary nursing practice. CONCLUSIONS: A compassionate Muslim nurse is a person who gives without asking for something in return, a person who cares without conditions and a person who seeks to achieve the happiness of others. Therefore, Islam, like many other religions, endorses compassionate care in all aspects, and this is particularly emphasised in nurses. RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: This paper also provides an insight into how a Muslim patient perceives different experiences of health and illness, supported by quotes from the Islamic contextual heritage, and how a nurse within this culture is expected to behave.


Assuntos
Empatia , Islamismo , Relações Enfermeiro-Paciente , Humanos , Cuidados de Enfermagem
6.
Asia Pac J Oncol Nurs ; 5(3): 320-326, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29963595

RESUMO

Objective: Quality of life (QOL) in cancer patients can be influenced by the presence of medical conditions, such as oral mucositis (OM). There is still limited knowledge about this issue among patients in Jordan, and this could be related to the absence of research instruments testing QOL among cancer patients with OM. This study measured the QOL among cancer patients using the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-General (FACT-G), Arabic version. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study on 118 head-and/or-neck cancer patients with OM in Jordan. Data were submitted to measures of normality, reliability, and validity using exploratory factor analysis. The study also measured QOL among the study sample. Results: FACT-G demonstrated good internal consistency reliability and validity. Factor analysis indicated the presence of four factors explained by 24 items representing a valid FACT-G, Arabic version. Scores reflected low QOL compared to reported normative values in the literature. The values used to compare findings from this study were extracted from international literature; no similar values were present in published literature. Conclusions: FACT-G, Arabic version, is valid and reliable when applied to this study population. Further testing is recommended, which would include the establishment of normative values.

7.
J Vasc Nurs ; 36(2): 85-90, 2018 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29747788

RESUMO

Uncertainty impacts negatively on adaptation and disease outcomes. During recovery, coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) patients experience uncertainty, symptom distress, and learning needs. This study aimed to examine predictors associated with uncertainty among CABG patients. This cross-sectional correlational study recruited CABG patients conveniently from out-patient clinics 1 month after discharge. Participants completed a self-administered questionnaire which included: demographic questionnaire, Mishel's Uncertainty of Illness Scale, Cardiac Symptoms Survey, and Cardiac Patients Learning Needs. A total of 161 participants completed the study questionnaires. Participants showed a moderate level of uncertainty, less cardiac symptom distress, and high learning needs. Uncertainty was significantly correlated with learning needs while less correlated with symptom distress. Hierarchal multiple regression revealed that gender, employment status, education level, and learning needs are factors associated with uncertainty among CABG patients. It was concluded that symptom distress does not necessarily induce uncertainty. Intensive care professionals should undertake individual's characteristics to anticipate uncertainty.


Assuntos
Ponte de Artéria Coronária/psicologia , Alta do Paciente , Inquéritos e Questionários , Incerteza , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/enfermagem , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Jordânia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
8.
Nurse Educ Pract ; 29: 219-224, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29453022

RESUMO

Students' professional choice to proceed in midwifery is influenced by many factors. This study validated an instrument developed to assess students' attitudes toward midwifery in Jordan. It also addressed the motivating and de-motivating factors influencing students' decision concerning joining and continuing in midwifery. A descriptive, cross-section study was conducted on a convenience sample of 374 midwifery students representing private, governmental, and military midwifery colleges. The researchers developed the study questionnaire through conducting a comprehensive literature review, organizing common themes and consulting experts. Exploratory factor analysis and tests of normality and reliability, including Cronbach's Alpha and Bartlett's test, were used in the analysis. The result was three factors were explained by 23 items. They were as follows: professional knowledge, professional motivation factors, and de-motivating professional factors. The first 8 items explained nearly 61% of the variance. Cronbach's Alpha was 0.834 with a range of 0.835-0.839. The Spearman-Brown coefficient was 0.81 and Guttman Split-Half coefficient was 0.83. Issues of reliability and validity require a repetitive process of testing under a range of circumstances to ensure both stability and representation of the construct. However, addressing factors found to have impact of students' decisions is crucial to improve retention of high quality students.


Assuntos
Atitude , Tocologia/educação , Psicometria , Estudantes de Enfermagem/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Jordânia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
9.
Appl Nurs Res ; 39: 115-120, 2018 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29422145

RESUMO

Spirituality has been recently recognized in many areas around the world as a factor influencing the general health and wellbeing on individuals. There is a scarcity addressing this issue in the Middle East, like many other regions. Perhaps one reason for this is related to the absence of instruments measuring spirituality. The goal of this study was to investigate the psychometric properties of the spiritual questionnaire in university students in South Jordan. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were performed on data coming from a sample of university students (n=1269). The questionnaire demonstrated validity and reliability. While the confirmatory factor analysis resulted in 29-item model, the exploratory factor analysis resulted in a 21-item model. The main factors in the model were self-awareness, importance of spiritual belief, spiritual practices, and spiritual needs. Spirituality questionnaire demonstrated good validity and reliability levels when used to measure spirituality among university students in Jordan. The 21-item model requires further testing to ensure stability over use. It is crucial in the future to test the impact of spirituality on the general health and wellbeing of adult individuals using the spirituality questionnaire and other research instruments.


Assuntos
Árabes/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Espiritualidade , Estudantes/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Jordânia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Traduções , Universidades , Adulto Jovem
10.
BMC Psychiatry ; 17(1): 410, 2017 12 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29282025

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to undertake a psychometric analysis of the Psychiatric Nurses Methods of Coping Questionnaire (PNMCQ) - Arabic version when used to measure coping skills in psychiatric nurses in Jordan. METHOD: A descriptive, cross-sectional design was adopted in this study. A demographic questionnaire and the 35-item PNMCQ -Arabic were the measures used to collect data. RESULT: The PNMCQ demonstrated valid and reliable values when administered to psychiatric nurses in Jordan after it had been submitted to factor analysis. CONCLUSION: The development of PNMCQ: Arabic Version adequately measures coping skills in psychiatric nurses from a culturally appropriate context. Use of the tool can determine coping skills in psychiatric nurses with the view to positive staff development. Strategies identified based on results of the PNMCQ could ultimately result in better nurse retention and patient outcomes.


Assuntos
Adaptação Psicológica , Enfermagem Psiquiátrica/métodos , Enfermagem Psiquiátrica/normas , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Tradução , Adaptação Psicológica/fisiologia , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Jordânia/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
11.
Appl Nurs Res ; 32: 122-127, 2016 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27969014

RESUMO

AIM: To measure the psychometric properties, reliability and validity of a tool that explores factors influencing the adoption of principles of evidence-based in nursing practice in Jordan. BACKGROUND: The use of principles of evidenced-based practice in nursing practice has been widely endorsed in many countries around the world; these principles have not yet been implemented in Jordan. Factors influencing the adoption of evidence-based practice in Jordanian nursing context were not identified to date. METHODS: A descriptive, cross-sectional research design approached experienced nurses from different specialties across Jordan (3 military, 3 governmental and 5 private hospitals). RESULTS: The psychometric properties indicated a valid and reliable tool. It consisted of three factors: personal characteristics; source of professional knowledge; and organizational environment. CONCLUSIONS: Findings provided evidence on the impact of the identified factors on nurses' adoption of evidence-based practice. Although tests in this report showed the validity of this new tool, it still requires further testing to ensure its stability over time.


Assuntos
Difusão de Inovações , Enfermagem Baseada em Evidências , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Jordânia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem , Psicometria , Adulto Jovem
12.
Int J Nurs Pract ; 21 Suppl 2: 108-14, 2015 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26125578

RESUMO

Back pain is the leading cause of disability, decreased physical performance at work and absenteeism. Activities leading to the occurrence of back pain include patient transfer and long standing hours. This study aimed to explore the prevalence and determine the activities responsible for the presence of back pain among Jordanian nurses. A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted on a convenience sample of nurses from governmental hospitals in Jordan. A self-report questionnaire was developed by Stubbs et al. and Harber et al. A descriptive method using mean, standard deviations and percentages was used, in addition to chi-square tests. Baseline findings indicated that more than three-quarters of the nurses studied suffered back pain during their work. Among nurses with back pain, about a fifth of them reported it to administration. The highest percentage of back pain was among critical care nurses. Further, the static factors contributed less commonly to back pain compared with the dynamic factors. Nearly half the participants with back pain reported taking days off more frequently. Jordanian nurses demonstrated one of the highest frequencies of back pain compared with other studies. Focus should be placed on education programmes about the appropriate body mechanics.


Assuntos
Dor nas Costas/epidemiologia , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital , Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Jordânia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Autorrelato , Adulto Jovem
13.
Int J Nurs Pract ; 21(5): 462-9, 2015 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25521518

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to validate a tool that explores the factors influencing women's opinion of and attitudes towards midwifery. A descriptive, cross-sectional design was used. The sample consisted of 526 Jordanian women. Cluster sampling was used to ensure a representative sample; then, convenience sampling was performed. The instrument asked non-identifying demographic questions and covered factors reported in literature to influence women's attitudes towards and views of the profession. The resulting instrument consisted of five factors explained by 29 items. These factors were women's general view of midwives, midwife duties, professional ethics, media influence and demotivating factors associated with working as a midwife. Although the instrument is valid and reliable, it needs further testing in other studies. Taking the factors reported on by the present study into account in public policy-making could promote better understanding of midwifery and improve its status in the community.


Assuntos
Atitude , Tocologia , Satisfação do Paciente , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Jordânia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
14.
J Nurs Educ ; 50(12): 681-7, 2011 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21956260

RESUMO

The adoption of principles of evidence-based practice in nursing education assists nursing graduates in improving their practice. Measuring factors that influence this adoption requires the use of a valid tool; however, few tools addressing these factors are available. This study measured the psychometric properties of a composite tool developed to assess factors influencing the adoption of the principles of evidence-based practice in nursing education. A descriptive, cross-sectional research design was used. A convenience, purposive sample of 85 nurse educators participated in this study. The Evidence-Based Nursing Education Questionnaire items were derived following a four-step approach: extensive literature review, thematic analysis of literature, expert opinion in the questionnaire items, and psychometric testing of the questionnaire. The psychometric properties indicated a valid and reliable tool. The resulting five factors include knowledge in educational principles and faculty practice. The questionnaire proved to be reliable and valid.


Assuntos
Atitude , Difusão de Inovações , Enfermagem Baseada em Evidências/educação , Docentes de Enfermagem , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Análise Fatorial , Feminino , Humanos , Jordânia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
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