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1.
Acta Neurochir (Wien) ; 160(12): 2489-2500, 2018 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30413938

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Stereoelectroencephalography (SEEG) is an effective technique to help to locate and to delimit the epileptogenic area and/or to define relationships with functional cortical areas. We intend to describe the surgical technique and verify the accuracy, safety, and effectiveness of robot-assisted SEEG in a newly created SEEG program in a pediatric center. We focus on the technical difficulties encountered at the early stages of this program. METHODS: We prospectively collected SEEG indication, intraoperative events, accuracy calculated by fusion of postoperative CT with preoperative planning, complications, and usefulness of SEEG in terms of answering preimplantation hypothesis. RESULTS: Fourteen patients between the ages of 5 and 18 years old (mean 10 years) with drug-resistant epilepsy were operated on between April 2016 and April 2018. One hundred sixty-four electrodes were implanted in total. The median entry point localization error (EPLE) was 1.57 mm (1-2.25 mm) and the median target point localization error (TPLE) was 1.77 mm (1.2-2.6 mm). We recorded seven intraoperative technical issues. Two patients suffered complications: meningitis without demonstrated germ in one patient and a right frontal hematoma in the other. In all cases, the SEEG was useful for the therapeutic decision-making. CONCLUSION: SEEG has been useful for decision-making in all our pediatric patients. The robotic arm is an accurate tool for the insertion of the deep electrodes. Nevertheless, it is an invasive technique not risk-free and many problems can appear at the beginning of a robotic arm-assisted SEEG program that must be taken into account beforehand.


Assuntos
Epilepsia Resistente a Medicamentos/cirurgia , Eletroencefalografia/métodos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Robótica/métodos , Técnicas Estereotáxicas/efeitos adversos , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Epilepsia Resistente a Medicamentos/diagnóstico , Eletrodos Implantados/efeitos adversos , Eletrodos Implantados/normas , Eletroencefalografia/efeitos adversos , Eletroencefalografia/instrumentação , Eletroencefalografia/normas , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Robótica/instrumentação , Robótica/normas , Técnicas Estereotáxicas/instrumentação , Técnicas Estereotáxicas/normas
2.
J Neurosurg Pediatr ; 22(4): 416-425, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30028274

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to verify the safety and accuracy of the Neuromate stereotactic robot for use in deep brain stimulation (DBS) electrode implantation for the treatment of hyperkinetic movement disorders in childhood and describe the authors' initial clinical results. METHODS: A prospective evaluation of pediatric patients with dystonia and other hyperkinetic movement disorders was carried out during the 1st year after the start-up of a pediatric DBS unit in Barcelona. Electrodes were implanted bilaterally in the globus pallidus internus (GPi) using the Neuromate robot without the stereotactic frame. The authors calculated the distances between the electrodes and their respective planned trajectories, merging the postoperative CT with the preoperative plan using VoXim software. Clinical outcome was monitored using validated scales for dystonia and myoclonus preoperatively and at 1 month and 6 months postoperatively and by means of a quality-of-life questionnaire for children, administered before surgery and at 6 months' follow-up. We also recorded complications derived from the implantation technique, "hardware," and stimulation. RESULTS: Six patients aged 7 to 16 years and diagnosed with isolated dystonia ( DYT1 negative) (3 patients), choreo-dystonia related to PDE2A mutation (1 patient), or myoclonus-dystonia syndrome SGCE mutations (2 patients) were evaluated during a period of 6 to 19 months. The average accuracy in the placement of the electrodes was 1.24 mm at the target point. At the 6-month follow-up, patients showed an improvement in the motor (65%) and functional (48%) components of the Burke-Fahn-Marsden Dystonia Rating Scale. Patients with myoclonus and SGCE mutations also showed an improvement in action myoclonus (95%-100%) and in functional tests (50%-75%) according to the Unified Motor-Rating Scale. The Neuro-QOL score revealed inconsistent results, with improvement in motor function and social relationships but worsening in anxiety, cognitive function, and pain. The only surgical complication was medial displacement of the first electrode, which limited intensity of stimulation in the lower contacts, in one case. CONCLUSIONS: The Neuromate stereotactic robot is an accurate and safe tool for the placement of GPi electrodes in children with hyperkinetic movement disorders.


Assuntos
Estimulação Encefálica Profunda/instrumentação , Estimulação Encefálica Profunda/métodos , Transtornos dos Movimentos/terapia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/instrumentação , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/métodos , Adolescente , Criança , Feminino , Globo Pálido/fisiopatologia , Globo Pálido/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Neurocir.-Soc. Luso-Esp. Neurocir ; 26(5): 234-240, sept.-oct. 2015. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-142309

RESUMO

La prevalencia de los quistes aracnoideos en niños es del 1-3%. Son más frecuentes en el sexo masculino. Pueden localizarse tanto en el espacio intracraneal como a nivel espinal. Los intracraneales se clasifican en supratentoriales, infratentoriales y supra-infratentoriales. Los supratentoriales se subclasifican en de fosa media, hemisféricos de la convexidad, interhemisféricos, de la región selar e intraventriculares. Los infratentoriales se subdividen a su vez en supracerebelosos, infracerebelosos, hemisféricos, clivales y de ángulo pontocerebeloso. Por último, los espinales se clasifican según su localización extra o intradural y su afectación de raíces nerviosas (AU)


The prevalence of arachnoid cysts in children is 1-3%. They are more frequent in boys. They can be located intracranially or in the spine. Intracranial cysts are classified as supratentorial, infratentorial, and supra-infratentorial (tentorial notch). Supratentorial are divided into middle cranial fossa, convexity, inter-hemisferic, sellar region, and intraventricular. Infratentorial are classified into supracerebellar, infracerebellar, hemispheric, clivus, and cerebellopontine angle. Finally spinal arachnoid cysts are classified taking into account whether they are extra- or intradural, and nerve root involvement (AU)


Assuntos
Criança , Humanos , Cistos Aracnóideos/cirurgia , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos/métodos , Cistos Aracnóideos/classificação , Cistos do Sistema Nervoso Central/classificação , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética
4.
Neurocirugia (Astur) ; 26(5): 234-40, 2015.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25843209

RESUMO

The prevalence of arachnoid cysts in children is 1-3%. They are more frequent in boys. They can be located intracranially or in the spine. Intracranial cysts are classified as supratentorial, infratentorial, and supra-infratentorial (tentorial notch). Supratentorial are divided into middle cranial fossa, convexity, inter-hemisferic, sellar region, and intraventricular. Infratentorial are classified into supracerebellar, infracerebellar, hemispheric, clivus, and cerebellopontine angle. Finally spinal arachnoid cysts are classified taking into account whether they are extra- or intradural, and nerve root involvement.


Assuntos
Cistos Aracnóideos/classificação , Cistos Aracnóideos/epidemiologia , Encéfalo/patologia , Ângulo Cerebelopontino/patologia , Criança , Fossa Craniana Posterior/patologia , Humanos , Doenças da Medula Espinal/classificação , Doenças da Medula Espinal/epidemiologia
5.
Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol ; 100(4): 250-9, 2014 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24578066

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR) -related craniosynostosis syndromes are caused by many different mutations within FGFR-1, 2, 3, and certain FGFR mutations are associated with more than one clinical syndrome. These syndromes share coronal craniosynostosis and characteristic facial skeletal features, although Apert syndrome (AS) is characterized by a more dysmorphic facial skeleton relative to Crouzon (CS), Muenke (MS), or Pfeiffer syndromes. METHODS: Here we perform a detailed three-dimensional evaluation of facial skeletal shape in a retrospective sample of cases clinically and/or genetically diagnosed as AS, CS, MS, and Pfeiffer syndrome to quantify variation in facial dysmorphology, precisely identify specific facial features pertaining to these four syndromes, and further elucidate what knowledge of the causative FGFR mutation brings to our understanding of these syndromes. RESULTS: Our results confirm a strong correspondence between genotype and facial phenotype for AS and MS with severity of facial dysmorphology diminishing from Apert FGFR2(S252W) to Apert FGFR2(P253R) to MS. We show that AS facial shape variation is increased relative to CS, although CS has been shown to be caused by numerous distinct mutations within FGFRs and reduced dosage in ERF. CONCLUSION: Our quantitative analysis of facial phenotypes demonstrate subtle variation within and among craniosynostosis syndromes that might, with further research, provide information about the impact of the mutation on facial skeletal and nonskeletal development. We suggest that precise studies of the phenotypic consequences of genetic mutations at many levels of analysis should accompany next-generation genetic research and that these approaches should proceed cooperatively.


Assuntos
Craniossinostoses , Ossos Faciais/anormalidades , Doenças Genéticas Inatas , Mutação de Sentido Incorreto , Receptor Tipo 2 de Fator de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/genética , Substituição de Aminoácidos , Craniossinostoses/genética , Craniossinostoses/patologia , Feminino , Doenças Genéticas Inatas/genética , Doenças Genéticas Inatas/patologia , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Síndrome
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