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1.
Mymensingh Med J ; 30(4): 903-906, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34605454

RESUMO

Retrocalcaneal bursitis is one of the important causes of posterior heel pain which is due to repetitive friction of the retrocalcaneal bursa between the postero-superior calcaneal tuberosity (haglund deformity) and Achilles tendon. Most of the patients are treated by conservative methods. But when the condition becomes chronic and not responding to the conservative treatment, surgical treatment is an option of these cases. This prospective interventional study was conducted in the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, BSMMU (Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University), Dhaka, Bangladesh from September 2017 to August 2019. Within this period, total 40 cases of chronic retrocalcaneal bursitis were operated at BSMMU. The clinical and functional outcome was evaluated according to AOFAS (American Orthopedic Foot Ankle Society) scale. The results of this study showed significantly improvement of pain, functional status and deformity at the time of final follow-up period of 1 year, total mean score improved from 46/100 to 89/100. The outcome of the subjects was satisfactory 90% and unsatisfactory 10%. Surgical intervention is an effective option of treatment with satisfactory outcome, in the treatment of chronic retrocalcaneal bursitis.


Assuntos
Tendão do Calcâneo , Bursite , Calcâneo , Bangladesh , Bursite/cirurgia , Calcâneo/diagnóstico por imagem , Calcâneo/cirurgia , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
Mymensingh Med J ; 29(3): 502-508, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32844786

RESUMO

Acetabular fracture usually occurs as a result of high velocity injury and often affects the young and economically productive population. Previously, treatment of acetabular fracture was grossly inadequate and many patients were left with incapacitating pain, limitation of movement. Proper management should be given in our set-up to save lives and to minimize long term complications and related disabilities. This study was done to evaluate the outcome of open reduction and internal fixation of posterior wall fracture of acetabulum. This prospective observational study was carried out in Dhaka Medical College Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh from July 2016 to June 2018. Total twenty five cases were selected. Radiological and functional outcome were evaluated six months after surgery according to Matta radiographic criteria and Merle d Aubigne and Postel criteria respectively. Effect of age, gender, hip dislocation, displacement of fracture fragment, associated injury, reduction quality, trauma to surgery time, complication of operation on the functional outcome was evaluated. Age range was 18-60 years. The mean age was 38±11 years. Male 23 and female 2, male and female ratio was 11.5:1. Mean follow up 8.5±1.7 months, range 6-12 months. According to Matta radiographic criteria, 6 months after surgery, 10 patients had excellent, 10 patients had good, 3 patients had fair and 2 patients had poor radiological outcome. According to Merle d Aubigne and Postel criteria, 6 months after surgery, 11 patients had excellent, 10 patients had good, 3 patients had fair and 1 patient had poor functional outcome. Overall functional outcome of the study population revealed that 21 patients (84%) belonged to satisfactory (Excellent + Good) and 4 patients (16%) belonged to unsatisfactory (Fair + Poor) outcome. AVN (avascular necrosis) of femoral head had been occurred in two patients, post-operative wound infection had been occurred in two patients and myositis ossificans around hip joint had been occurred in two patients. Twenty (20) patients were achieved anatomic (0, 1mm) reduction, 3 patients were achieved imperfect (2, 3mm) reduction and 2 patients were achieved poor (>3mm) reduction. This study concludes that open reduction and internal fixation of posterior wall fracture of acetabulum is a satisfactory method of treatment.


Assuntos
Acetábulo , Fraturas Ósseas , Adolescente , Adulto , Bangladesh , Feminino , Fixação Interna de Fraturas , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Redução Aberta , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
3.
Mymensingh Med J ; 29(2): 284-289, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32506080

RESUMO

Many patients come with open fracture tibia-fibula initially managed by surgical toileting and the application of indigenous uniaxial external fixator in our country. Many of them lead to non-uniting fracture or sometimes signs of union absent within 4 months from the time of initial fracture and become infected also. This quasi experimental study included 40 skeletally matured patients was conducted from 05 February 2014 to 05 February 2018 in the department of Orthopedics, Mymensingh Medical College Hospital, Mymensigh, Bangladesh. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of Ilizarov external fixator for treatment of infected gap non-uniting mid shaft tibia-fibula fracture which was initially open fracture Gustilo II to Gustilo III B. Uniaxial external fixators were replaced by to Ilizarov external fixators which multiaxial. Here male 30(75%), female 10(25%) with mean 28 years of age were analyzed in this study based on the inclusion criteria. Twenty eight (70%) fractures had right tibia-fibula while 12(30%) fracture had involved left tibia-fibula. Twelve (30%) patients had a grade II, grade III A- 18(45%), grade IIIB- 10(25%) open fracture tibia-fibula according to the Gustilo and Anderson classification. Initial mode of injury RTA was 28(70%), fall from height 8(20%), physical assault 4(10%). Mean interval between initial trauma and Ilizarov external fixator application was 4.4 months (ranges 4.2-4.8 months).Union or signs of union achieved in all cases in an average time of 17.12 weeks (range 14-20 weeks). The Ilizarov fixator was kept for an average period of 195 days (range 180-210 days). Minimal follow-up was 9 months after complete frame removal (average: 12 months, range: 9-18 months). Based on ASAMI scoring system, bony and functional results were assessed. The bony results were excellent in 24(60%), good in 12(30%), fair in 4(10%) and the Functional results were excellent in 18(45%), good in 16(40%), fair in 4(10%) and poor in 2(5%). In 16(40%) patients 20 wires had pin tract infection in this series. Most pin-tract infections healed well with regular dressing and oral antibiotics but in 8(20%) patients 8 affected loose wires were exchanged. Limb length discrepancy was 1.5cm in 18(45%) patients and 2.0cm in 22(55%) patients. The small sample sizes and short duration of follow-up were the study limitations. We need a life boat or life jacket during journey. As Orthopeadic Surgeon we are always in danger and Ilizarov method is the life boat technology in orthopedic surgery. It restores bone biology without disturbing the medullary cavity. To avoid repeated surgical intervention and to reduce the cost of treatment, we suggest that gap non-uniting infected tibia-fibula fracture which was primarily open should be fixed by Ilizarov external fixator than continuing treatment with indigenous uniaxial external fixator.


Assuntos
Fíbula , Técnica de Ilizarov , Adulto , Bangladesh , Fixadores Externos , Feminino , Consolidação da Fratura , Humanos , Masculino , Tíbia , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Front Chem ; 8: 254, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32411656

RESUMO

Unprecedented self-assembled hierarchical nano-sheets of SnS were synthesized by the hydrothermal method. In a typical reaction, SnCl2.2H2O and Na2S.9H2O were used as reactants. Structural and morphological properties were studied by X-ray diffraction (XRD), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) while the electrochemical properties were measured by cyclic voltammetry, charge-discharge cycles, and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). SEM results showed the 1-D SnS nano-sheets with an average thickness of around 20 nm. Cyclic voltammogram and charge-discharge spectra showed good cycling stability. All these results showed that SnS nano-sheets are promising candidate material to be used as electrode for Li-S batteries.

5.
Mymensingh Med J ; 28(3): 562-566, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31391427

RESUMO

Cardiac Myxoma is the most common benign intra-cardiac tumor of heart. We studied its incidence, clinical presentations, short term outcome, morbidity and mortality following surgery over a period of 17 years. The retrospective observational study was performed in the Department of Cardiac Surgery, National Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases (NICVD) Dhaka, Bangladesh from 2000 to 2016. NICVD is the tertiary hospital for cardiovascular surgery in the Government sector. One hundred twenty nine (129) patients were of cardiac myxoma among 11,923 open heart surgery was done in this study period of 17 years. As a result, cardiac myxoma patients represent 1.08% of all open heart surgery. Pre-operative diagnosis was done on clinical presentations and 2D echocardiography, which is the most important tool for its diagnosis. Most of the patients presented at 4th to 5th decade of life. The patients presented with triad of valve obstructive features, embolic symptoms and constitutional symptoms alone or in combination. Among all myxoma patients, majority (86.6%) had left atrial myxoma. Cardiac myxoma forms a very small percentage of all cardiac diseases requiring surgical treatment. Immediate surgical excision is indicated in all patients to avoid life-threatening complications. Outcome of surgical treatment was excellent.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Cardíacas , Mixoma , Bangladesh , Átrios do Coração , Neoplasias Cardíacas/cirurgia , Humanos , Mixoma/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos
6.
Mymensingh Med J ; 28(2): 378-381, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31086154

RESUMO

Femoral shaft fractures are severe injuries and challenging for both, the patient and the surgeon. This study has been designed to assess the success rate of exchange nailing with autogenous cancellous bone graft for the treatment of non united femoral shaft fractures previously treated by ORIF with intramedullary nail. This quasi experimental study was carried out in the Department of Orthopaedics & Traumatology of Dhaka Medical College Hospital and NITOR from July 2007 to December 2008. Thirteen patients were followed up regularly for at least 1 (one) year after each operation to assess the functional outcome as well as union time according to the prescribed scoring system. Final outcome was analyzed by SPSS-18 version. Level of significance was set at 0.05 (p<0.05). In this study exchange nailing with autogenous cancellous bone graft were done for femoral shaft fracture with nonunion in 13 patients. Mean±SD age was 39.08±5.780 years; Male: Female = 9:4. Among 13 nonunion fractures, all (100%) were united after exchange nailing with autogenous cancellous bone graft in aseptic condition. Mean union time was 26.97±2.976 weeks in static mode of fixation. Union time was highest in atrophic type of fracture and lowest in hypertrophic type of fracture. Final outcome according to modified Thoresen's score was satisfactory 92.29%; according to modified Silvia's score was 10.77±0.832. Exchange nailing with autogenous cancellous bone graft is an effective method of treatment in femoral shaft fracture with nonunion after intramedullary nailing. It provides a good scope to reinforce the optimum mechanical stability by a larger diameter nail and locked if necessary; as well as biological stimulation by reaming and bone grafting.


Assuntos
Pinos Ortopédicos , Fraturas do Fêmur/cirurgia , Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas/métodos , Bangladesh , Transplante Ósseo , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Mymensingh Med J ; 28(1): 15-22, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30755545

RESUMO

The aim of this prospective experimental study was to analyze the radiological and clinical results of the supra condylar fracture of Humerus in children and conducted the functional outcome of closed reduction and internal fixation by percutaneous Kirschner-wire from lateral side and crossed technique in the National Institute of Traumatology and Orthopaedic Rehabilitation (NITOR), Sher-E-Bangla Nagor, Dhaka, Bangladesh from July 2011 to June 2013. Patients diagnosed as closed Supracondylar fracture of Humerus in children due to trauma were the study population. Total 30 patients aged 2 to 12 years irrespective of sex were included in the study and were divided in 2 groups. Information obtained included age, sex, type of fracture, management, outcomes and complications. The mean age was 7.80±2.08 and 5.93±2.31 years for Group I and Group II patients. Age range was 2-12 years. Males were predominant 11(73.3%) Group I and Group II. Fractures were primarily caused by fall from tree and left side predominant. In Group I the time elapsed between injury and surgery was minimum 2 hours and maximum 24 hours with mean±SD was 9.20±7.20, while in Group II minimum and maximum of 3 and 48 hours respectively with mean±SD was 9.60±11.01. Minimum and maximum post operative hospital stays were 1 and 2 days in Group I and Group II. Follow-up were carried out after 1, 3, 6 and 12 weeks of operation. Loss of post operative range of motion of elbow and loss of carrying angle was not significant (p>0.05). Functional outcome was analyzed by Flynn's grading. In this study there were 3(20%) cases with excellent, 10(66.67%) were good and 2(13.33%) were fair functional outcomes in Group I. In Group II excellent, good and fair functional outcome were 3(20%), 9(60%) and 3(20%) respectively. After chi-square test there was no significant difference between two groups.


Assuntos
Fios Ortopédicos , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/métodos , Fraturas do Úmero/cirurgia , Bangladesh , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Redução Fechada , Humanos , Fraturas do Úmero/diagnóstico por imagem , Úmero , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Radiografia , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Mymensingh Med J ; 28(1): 60-69, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30755552

RESUMO

Treatment of extra-articular distal humeral shaft fractures with plating techniques is often difficult. The recent development of LCP has improved the surgical treatment of fractures by overcoming the few drawbacks of older fixators. The aim of this prospective observational study was to assess the effectiveness of osteosynthesis of extra-articular diaphyseal fractures of the distal third of the humerus using a single locking compression plate (LCP) and was conducted from July 2016 to June 2018 at the National Institute of Traumatology and Orthopedic Rehabilitation (NITOR), Dhaka, Bangladesh. Thirty (30) patients with closed fracture distal 3rd extra-articular humeral shaft fractures were treated by open reduction and internal fixation by locking compression plate. Two cases were excluded from the evaluation of final outcome due to their discontinued follow up. Detailed clinical conditions of all patients, technical difficulty with the implant, postoperative hospital stay period were recorded. Patients were followed up at 2nd week, 4th week, then 4 weekly upto 6 months. The patients were evaluated clinically and radiologically for outcomes. The progresses of healing as well as occurrence of complications were recorded. The range of motion of the shoulder and elbow were evaluated according to the criteria by Rommens grading. Functional evaluation was made according to the criteria by Modified Constant and Murley Scoring System. Union was achieved in all the patients after a mean of 15 weeks (range 12-20 weeks). There were no complications like deep infection, nonunion, malunion, implant failure, or nerve injury occurs in any of the patients. Two patients had transient radial nerve palsy. Two patients developed superficial infection. All patients were relieved pain postoperatively. Functional outcome were excellent in 10 patients, good in 15 patients which constituted 89% satisfactory results. The study has shown that the LCP is an effective, dependable solution for the management of distal third diaphyseal fractures of the humerus.


Assuntos
Placas Ósseas , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/métodos , Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas/métodos , Fraturas do Úmero/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Bangladesh , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/instrumentação , Humanos , Fraturas do Úmero/diagnóstico por imagem , Úmero , Estudos Prospectivos , Radiografia , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Mymensingh Med J ; 27(3): 610-616, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30141453

RESUMO

Pediatric myocardium is unique from mature myocardium; thus, the use of adult cardioplegia for pediatric cardiac operations may provide suboptimal myocardial protection. It is found that children undergoing heart surgery show evidence of less myocardial damage when del Nido cardioplegia is used instead of a standard cardioplegic solution. Del Nido cardioplegia solution provides a depolarized hyperkalaemic arrest lasting up to 60 minutes, reduces spontaneous and inducible activity during arrest, and prevents hyper contraction during early reperfusion. In this single blind randomized trial, a total of 60 patients underwent intra cardiac repair for TOF in National Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases, Dhaka, Bangladesh from July 2014 to January 2016 fulfilling inclusion and exclusion criteria. They were randomly assigned in two groups- 30 patients in Del Nido group (Group A) and 30 patients in standard group (Group B). Comparison between groups was done by Chi square test and Student's test. All data were analyzed by SPSS 20.0 for windows. P value less than 0.05 was considered as significant. There was statistically significant difference among the patients in terms of mean total initial cardioplegia volume, mean number of additional dose, mean additional dose amount, mean cross clamp time, mean CPB time (331.67±188.07 vs. 458.67±226.62, p=0.022; 0.13±0.35 vs. 1.27±0.89, p=0.000; 23.33±60.76 vs. 336.83±259.6, p=0.000; 45.10±10.35 vs. 59.23±23.21, p=0.003; 89.30±15.73 vs. 111.10±29.23, p=0.001 respectively). Mean post operative serum troponin I level at arrival in ICU and after 24 hours between two groups were statistically significantly different (55.60±32.91 vs. 83.5±58.99; p=0.024 and 13.01±5.84 vs. 18.16±9.51; p=0.014 respectively). The mean ventilation duration, mean ICU stay were also statistically significant. This study showed that cardiac arrest with Del Nido cardioplegia during intra cardiac repair for TOF was associated with improved myocardial protection over standard cardioplegia in terms of reduced CPB and cross clamp times, lower total volume of cardioplegia.


Assuntos
Soluções Cardioplégicas , Tetralogia de Fallot , Bangladesh , Soluções Cardioplégicas/uso terapêutico , Criança , Parada Cardíaca Induzida , Humanos , Método Simples-Cego , Tetralogia de Fallot/cirurgia
10.
Mymensingh Med J ; 27(2): 280-288, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29769491

RESUMO

Traumatic thoracolumbar spine injury result in significant instability of the spine and leads to an acute on delayed neurological deficit. Objective of the study is to find a better option in the management of unstable traumatic thoracolumbar spine with incomplete neurological lesion. This was quasi-experimental study. The study was carried out at National Institute of Traumatology & Orthopedic Rehabilitation (NITOR), Dhaka, Bangladesh from January 2006 to December 2008. A total number of 40 patients with traumatic thoracolumbar spine injuries with incomplete neurological lesion were selected purposively. Out of 40 cases 1 patient missed from final follow up. Rest of 39 patients was included in this study. All patients were admitted within 3 weeks of injury. Most were referred from peripheral hospital & some were admitted in emergency and outpatient department of NITOR. Among those 25 patients were conservatively treated and 14 were operatively treated. Neurological status improvement was assessed by Frankel grading; it was remarkable in operative group. In 56% of the conservative group improved by one grade but 21.42% of operative group had of similar improvement. This one-grade improvement has been classified as fair. Whereas two grade improvement was termed as good. So, good result was obtained in 40% of conservatively treated patients and 57.16% in operatively treated patients. In this study, an overall result was classified as excellent, good, fair andll poor. Three grade upper shifts were categorized as excellent. In excellent result was obtained by operative procedures and it was 21.42%. On the other ward, no patient showed excellent result in conservatively treated group. In Celbeti et al. reported that 16(33.3%) patients had excellent results, 23(57.9%) had good, 70(4.58%) had fair and 20(4.36%) Patients had poor results.


Assuntos
Doenças Musculoesqueléticas , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral , Bangladesh , Humanos , Vértebras Lombares/lesões , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/cirurgia , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Vértebras Torácicas/lesões
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