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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32648092

RESUMO

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) could predispose to both venous and arterial thromboembolism, in an exaggerated immune response to the virus, especially in severe patients. Even though aortic clots are a rare entity, the pro-coagulant nature of COVID-19 is associated with thrombosis in atypical locations and should be considered in patients with severe abnormalities in coagulation parameters. We describe a series of three cases of aortic thrombi diagnosed by computerized tomography (CT) angiography in patients with confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection.

2.
Nefrologia ; 2020 Jul 07.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32651084

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Postural balance is the result of a complex interaction of sensory input which keeps us upright. Haemodialysis patients have alterations which can lead to postural instability and a risk of falls. Our objective was to analyse postural stability and its relationship with the risk of falls in haemodialysis patients using a force platform. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was a prospective cross-sectional study. Postural balance was recorded using a force platform in prevalent haemodialysis patients. We collected epidemiological, dialysis, analytical and treatment data. The incidence of falls was recorded over the 6 months following the tests. The postural stability analysis was performed with a portable strain gauge platform (AMTI AccuGait®) and a specific software unit for stabilometry (Balance Trainer® program). We measured 31 balance parameters; the balance variables used were: Area95; AreaEffect; VyMax; Xrange and Yrange. The stabilometry studies were performed in 3 situations: with eyes open; with eyes closed; and with the patient performing a simultaneous task. We performed one study at the start of the dialysis session, and a second study at the end. Stabilometry was measured in a control group under similar conditions. RESULTS: We studied 32 patients with a mean age of 68 years old; of this group, 20 subjects were male and 12 were female. Their mean weight was 74kg, with a mean BMI of 27.6kg/m2. In the controls, there were no significant differences in the stabilometry between the 3 situations studied. Both pre- and post-haemodialysis, patients with closed eyes showed greater imbalance, and there were significant differences with the other situations and controls. We found a significant increase in instability after the haemodialysis session, and greater instability in the 13 patients with diabetes (P<.05). The 4 patients with hyponatraemia (Na<136mmol/l) had worse balance in the simultaneous task situation (P=.038). Various drugs, such as insulin (P=.022), antiplatelet agents (P=.036) and beta-blockers (P=.029), were associated with imbalance. The 10 patients who suffered falls had greater imbalance, Yrange, Xrange, Area95 and AreaEffect, both pre- and post-haemodialysis (P<.05) than those without falls. CONCLUSIONS: Haemodialysis patients have alterations which can lead to postural instability and a risk of falls. Prevention programmes which include specific exercises to improve balance could be beneficial in reducing the risk of falls in this population.

3.
Nefrologia ; 2020 Jul 07.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32651086

RESUMO

Hypomagnesaemia in haemodialysis (HD) is associated with increased mortality risk: its relationship with dialysis fluid (DF). INTRODUCTION: Low concentrations of magnesium (Mg) in blood have been linked to the development of diabetes, hypertension, arrhythmias, vascular calcifications and an increased risk of death in the general population and in haemodialysis patients. The composition of the dialysis fluid in terms of its magnesium concentration is one of the main determinants of magnesium in haemodialysis patients. OBJECTIVE: To study magnesium concentrations in haemodialysis patients, their predictive mortality rate and what factors are associated with hypomagnesaemia and mortality in haemodialysis. METHODS: Retrospective study of a cohort of prevalent haemodialysis patients followed up for two years. Serum magnesium was measured every six months. The analysis used the initial and average magnesium values for each patient, comparing patients with magnesium below the mean (2.1mg/dl) with those with magnesium above the mean. During the follow-up, three types of dialysis fluid were used: type 1, magnesium 0.5 mmol/l; type 3, magnesium 0.37 mmol/l (both with acetate); and type 2, magnesium 0.5 mmol/l with citrate. RESULTS: We included 137 haemodialysis patients in the study, of which 72 were male and 65 were female, with a mean age of 67 (15) [26-95] years old. Of this group, 57 patients were diabetic, 70 were on online haemodiafiltration (OL-HDF) and 67 were on high-flow haemodialysis (HF-HD). The mean magnesium of the 93 patients with dialysis fluid type 1 was 2.18 (0.37) mg/dl. In the 27 patients with dialysis fluid type 3 it was 2.02 (0.42) mg/dl. And in the 17 with dialysis fluid type 2 it was 1.84 (0.24) mg/dl (p=.01). There was a pronounced direct relationship between Mg and P and albumin. After a mean follow-up of 16.6 (8.9) [3-24] months, 77 remained active, 24 had died and 36 had been transplanted or transferred. Patients with magnesium above than 2.1mg/dl had a longer survival (p=.008). The survival of patients with the three types of dialysis fluid did not differ significantly (Log-Rank, p=.424). Corrected for blood magnesium, patients with dialysis fluid with citrate have better survival (p=.009). The COX regression analysis shows how age, serum albumin, magnesium, dialysis technique and type of dialysis fluid have an independent predictive mortality rate. CONCLUSIONS: Low serum magnesium levels have a greater association with an increased risk of mortality compared to high levels. The type of dialysis fluid affects the magnesium concentration and the risk of death.

4.
Nefrologia ; 40(3): 279-286, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-155222

RESUMO

Dialysis patients are a risk group for SARS-CoV-2 infection and possibly further complications, but we have little information. The aim of this paper is to describe the experience of the first month of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic in a hospital haemodialysis (HD) unit serving the district of Madrid with the second highest incidence of COVID-19 (almost 1,000 patients in 100,000h). In the form of a diary, we present the actions undertaken, the incidence of COVID-19 in patients and health staff, some clinical characteristics and the results of screening all the patients in the unit. We started with 90 patients on HD: 37 (41.1%) had COVID-19, of whom 17 (45.9%) were diagnosed through symptoms detected in triage or during the session, and 15 (40.5%) through subsequent screening of those who, until that time, had not undergone SARS-CoV-2 PCR testing. Fever was the most frequent symptom, 50% had lymphopenia and 18.4% <95% O2 saturation. Sixteen (43.2%) patients required hospital admission and 6 (16.2%) died. We found a cluster of infection per shift and also among those using public transport. In terms of staff, of the 44 people involved, 15 (34%) had compatible symptoms, 4 (9%) were confirmed as SARS-CoV-2 PCR cases by occupational health, 9 (20%) required some period of sick leave, temporary disability to work (ILT), and 5 were considered likely cases. CONCLUSIONS: We detected a high prevalence of COVID-19 with a high percentage detected by screening; hence the need for proactive diagnosis to stop the pandemic. Most cases are managed as outpatients, however severe symptoms are also appearing and mortality to date is 16.2%. In terms of staff, 20% have required sick leave in relation to COVID-19.

5.
Nefrologia ; 40(3): 279-286, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-419674

RESUMO

Dialysis patients are a risk group for SARS-CoV-2 infection and possibly further complications, but we have little information. The aim of this paper is to describe the experience of the first month of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic in a hospital haemodialysis (HD) unit serving the district of Madrid with the second highest incidence of COVID-19 (almost 1,000 patients in 100,000h). In the form of a diary, we present the actions undertaken, the incidence of COVID-19 in patients and health staff, some clinical characteristics and the results of screening all the patients in the unit. We started with 90 patients on HD: 37 (41.1%) had COVID-19, of whom 17 (45.9%) were diagnosed through symptoms detected in triage or during the session, and 15 (40.5%) through subsequent screening of those who, until that time, had not undergone SARS-CoV-2 PCR testing. Fever was the most frequent symptom, 50% had lymphopenia and 18.4% <95% O2 saturation. Sixteen (43.2%) patients required hospital admission and 6 (16.2%) died. We found a cluster of infection per shift and also among those using public transport. In terms of staff, of the 44 people involved, 15 (34%) had compatible symptoms, 4 (9%) were confirmed as SARS-CoV-2 PCR cases by occupational health, 9 (20%) required some period of sick leave, temporary disability to work (ILT), and 5 were considered likely cases. CONCLUSIONS: We detected a high prevalence of COVID-19 with a high percentage detected by screening; hence the need for proactive diagnosis to stop the pandemic. Most cases are managed as outpatients, however severe symptoms are also appearing and mortality to date is 16.2%. In terms of staff, 20% have required sick leave in relation to COVID-19.

6.
Nefrologia ; 40(3): 279-286, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32456944

RESUMO

Dialysis patients are a risk group for SARS-CoV-2 infection and possibly further complications, but we have little information. The aim of this paper is to describe the experience of the first month of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic in a hospital haemodialysis (HD) unit serving the district of Madrid with the second highest incidence of COVID-19 (almost 1,000 patients in 100,000h). In the form of a diary, we present the actions undertaken, the incidence of COVID-19 in patients and health staff, some clinical characteristics and the results of screening all the patients in the unit. We started with 90 patients on HD: 37 (41.1%) had COVID-19, of whom 17 (45.9%) were diagnosed through symptoms detected in triage or during the session, and 15 (40.5%) through subsequent screening of those who, until that time, had not undergone SARS-CoV-2 PCR testing. Fever was the most frequent symptom, 50% had lymphopenia and 18.4% <95% O2 saturation. Sixteen (43.2%) patients required hospital admission and 6 (16.2%) died. We found a cluster of infection per shift and also among those using public transport. In terms of staff, of the 44 people involved, 15 (34%) had compatible symptoms, 4 (9%) were confirmed as SARS-CoV-2 PCR cases by occupational health, 9 (20%) required some period of sick leave, temporary disability to work (ILT), and 5 were considered likely cases. CONCLUSIONS: We detected a high prevalence of COVID-19 with a high percentage detected by screening; hence the need for proactive diagnosis to stop the pandemic. Most cases are managed as outpatients, however severe symptoms are also appearing and mortality to date is 16.2%. In terms of staff, 20% have required sick leave in relation to COVID-19.


Assuntos
Infecções Assintomáticas/epidemiologia , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pessoal de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Unidades Hospitalares de Hemodiálise/estatística & dados numéricos , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Protocolos Clínicos , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Pessoal de Saúde/organização & administração , Unidades Hospitalares de Hemodiálise/organização & administração , Humanos , Incidência , Linfopenia/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/tratamento farmacológico , Prevalência , Espanha/epidemiologia , Avaliação de Sintomas , Fatores de Tempo , Triagem/métodos , Adulto Jovem
7.
Nefrología (Madrid) ; 39(1): 58-66, ene.-feb. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-181910

RESUMO

Introducción: El Kt/V se ha usado como sinónimo de dosis de hemodiálisis. La supervivencia de los pacientes mejoraba con un Kt/V > 1; este objetivo posteriormente fue elevado a 1,2 y a 1,3. En el estudio HEMO no se demostró una relación significativa entre Kt/V y la mortalidad. La relación Kt/V y mortalidad con frecuencia es una curva en "J". ¿Es la V el factor de confusión de esa relación? El objetivo de este estudio es buscar la relación de la mortalidad con el Kt/V, Kt y con el contenido de agua corporal (V) y masa magra (bioimpedancia). Métodos: Se ha estudiado una cohorte de 127 pacientes prevalentes en hemodiálisis seguidos durante una media de 36 meses. Se determinó el Kt por dialisancia iónica y la V y parámetros de nutrición mediante bioimpedancia. Se ha calculado el Kt/V y el Kt alcanzado corregido para superficie corporal (Ktsc) y el Ktsc objetivo. Como parámetros de hemodiálisis se ha utilizado la media de los datos de 18.998 sesiones, con una media de 155 sesiones por paciente. Resultados: La edad media fue 70,4 (15,3) años y un 61% eran hombres; 76 se dializaban mediante fístula arteriovenosa y 65 estaban en HDF-OL. Peso: 70,6 (16,8) kg; superficie corporal: 1,8 (0,25) m2; agua corporal total: 32,2 (7,4) l; índice de masa magra (LTI): 11,1 (2,7) kg/m2. El Kt/V medio fue 1,84 (0,44); Kt: 56,1 (7 )l, y el Ktsc, 52,8 (10,4) l. El Ktsc objetivo medio era de 49,7 (4,5) l. La media del Ktsc-Ktsc objetivo: +6,4 (7,0) l. Los pacientes con un Kt/V mayor tienen peor supervivencia que el resto. Con el Kt no existe esta relación. Los Kt/V mayores se deben a una V menor, con peores parámetros de nutrición. La albúmina sérica y el LTI son los parámetros que se relacionan con el riesgo de muerte de forma independiente y son menores en los pacientes con mayor Kt/V y menor V. Conclusión: El Kt/V no es útil para determinar la dosis de diálisis en pacientes con un agua corporal pequeña o disminuida. Se propone el Kt o el Ktsc como alternativa


Introduction: Kt/V has been used as a synonym for haemodialysis dose. Patient survival improved with a Kt/V > 1; this target was subsequently increased to 1.2 and 1.3. The HEMO study revealed no significant relationship between Kt/V and mortality. The relationship between Kt/V and mortality often shows a J-shaped curve. Is V the confounding factor in this relationship? The objective of this study is to determine the relationship between mortality and Kt/V, Kt and body water content (V) and lean mass (bioimpedance). Methods: We studied a cohort of 127 prevalent haemodialysis patients, who we followed-up for an average of 36 months. Kt was determined by ionic dialysance, and V and nutrition parameters by bioimpedance. Kt/V, Kt corrected for body surface area (Kt/BSA) and target Kt/BSA were calculated. The mean data from 18,998 sessions were used as haemodialysis parameters, with a mean of 155 sessions per patient. Results: Mean age was 70.4 ± 15.3 years and 61% were male; 76 were dialysed via an arteriovenous fistula and 65 were on online haemodiafiltration. Weight was 70.6 (16.8) kg; BSA 1.8 (0.25) m2; total body water (V) 32.2 (7.41) l and lean mass index (LMI) 11.1 (2.7) kg/m2. Mean Kt/V was 1.84 (0.44); Kt 56.1 (7) l and Kt/BSA 52.8 (10.4) l. The mean target Kt/BSA was 49.7 (4.5) l. Mean Kt/BSA-target Kt/BSA +6.4 (7.0) l. Patients with a higher Kt/V had worse survival rates than others; with Kt this is not the case. Higher Kt/V values are due to a lower V, with poorer nutrition parameters. LMI and serum albumin were the parameters that best independently predicted the risk of death and are lower in patients with a higher Kt/V and lower V. Conclusion: Kt/V is not useful for determining dialysis doses in patients with low or reduced body water. Kt or the Kt/BSA are proposed as an alternative


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Diálise Renal/métodos , Índice de Massa Corporal , Água Corporal , Estudos de Coortes , Seguimentos , Análise de Sobrevida , Estudos Transversais , Estudos Retrospectivos
8.
Nefrologia ; 39(1): 58-66, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30075965

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Kt/V has been used as a synonym for haemodialysis dose. Patient survival improved with a Kt/V>1; this target was subsequently increased to 1.2 and 1.3. The HEMO study revealed no significant relationship between Kt/V and mortality. The relationship between Kt/V and mortality often shows a J-shaped curve. Is V the confounding factor in this relationship? The objective of this study is to determine the relationship between mortality and Kt/V, Kt and body water content (V) and lean mass (bioimpedance). METHODS: We studied a cohort of 127 prevalent haemodialysis patients, who we followed-up for an average of 36 months. Kt was determined by ionic dialysance, and V and nutrition parameters by bioimpedance. Kt/V, Kt corrected for body surface area (Kt/BSA) and target Kt/BSA were calculated. The mean data from 18,998 sessions were used as haemodialysis parameters, with a mean of 155 sessions per patient. RESULTS: Mean age was 70.4±15.3 years and 61% were male; 76 were dialysed via an arteriovenous fistula and 65 were on online haemodiafiltration. Weight was 70.6 (16.8)kg; BSA 1.8 (0.25) m2; total body water (V) 32.2 (7.41) l and lean mass index (LMI) 11.1 (2.7)kg/m2. Mean Kt/V was 1.84 (0.44); Kt 56.1 (7)l and Kt/BSA 52.8 (10.4)l. The mean target Kt/BSA was 49.7 (4.5)l. Mean Kt/BSA-target Kt/BSA +6.4 (7.0)l. Patients with a higher Kt/V had worse survival rates than others; with Kt this is not the case. Higher Kt/V values are due to a lower V, with poorer nutrition parameters. LMI and serum albumin were the parameters that best independently predicted the risk of death and are lower in patients with a higher Kt/V and lower V. CONCLUSION: Kt/V is not useful for determining dialysis doses in patients with low or reduced body water. Kt or the Kt/BSA are proposed as an alternative.


Assuntos
Água Corporal , Diálise Renal/mortalidade , Ureia/sangue , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Superfície Corporal , Impedância Elétrica , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Hiponatremia/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Diálise Renal/métodos , Diálise Renal/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
13.
Nefrología (Madr.) ; 37(1): 34-38, ene.-feb. 2017. graf, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-160596

RESUMO

La adición de fósforo (P) en el líquido de hemodiálisis (LD) mediante enema con fosfato de sodio (enema Casen®) se utiliza habitualmente en pacientes con hipofosforemia. El cálculo de la cantidad y los problemas que puede presentar no se describen en la literatura. Nuestro trabajo hace un abordaje práctico de cómo poner fósforo en LD con una fórmula razonada para calcular cuánto volumen de enema añadir en función del concentrado de diálisis utilizado y los problemas que pueden aparecer (AU)


The addition of phosphorus (P) to the dialysate (LD) in the form of enema Casen® is common practice in patients with hypophosphatemia. The estimation of the amount to be used and the identification of the problems that may can occur are not well defined. As a result of our work we propose a practical approach of how to proceed to increase phosphate concentration in the hemodialysate. We present a reasoned formula to calculate how much enema has to be added and the problems that may arise (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Soluções para Hemodiálise/farmacologia , Diálise Renal/métodos , Insuficiência Renal/terapia , Fósforo/administração & dosagem , Hipofosfatemia/tratamento farmacológico , Resultado do Tratamento , Fósforo/farmacocinética
14.
Nefrologia ; 37(1): 34-38, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27469035

RESUMO

The addition of phosphorus (P) to the dialysate (LD) in the form of enema Casen® is common practice in patients with hypophosphatemia. The estimation of the amount to be used and the identification of the problems that may can occur are not well defined. As a result of our work we propose a practical approach of how to proceed to increase phosphate concentration in the hemodialysate. We present a reasoned formula to calculate how much enema has to be added and the problems that may arise.


Assuntos
Soluções para Hemodiálise/química , Fosfatos/administração & dosagem , Diálise Renal , Algoritmos , Enema , Humanos , Hipofosfatemia/terapia , Fosfatos/análise , Soluções/química
15.
BMC Nephrol ; 16: 20, 2015 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25884763

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Increasing dialysate flow rates (Qd) from 500 to 800 ml/min has been recommended to increase dialysis efficiency. A few publications show that increasing Qd no longer led to an increase in mass transfer area coefficient (KoA) or Kt/V measurement. Our objectives were: 1) Studying the effect in Kt of using a Qd of 400, 500, 700 ml/min and autoflow (AF) with different modern dialysers. 2) Comparing the effect on Kt of water consumption vs. dialysis time to obtain an individual objective of Kt (Ktobj) adjusted to body surface. METHODS: This is a prospective single-centre study with crossover design. Thirty-one patients were studied and six sessions with each Qd were performed. HD parameters were acquired directly from the monitor display: effective blood flow rate (Qbe), Qd, effective dialysis time (Te) and measured by conductivity monitoring, final Kt. RESULTS: We studied a total of 637 sessions: 178 with 500 ml/min, 173 with 700 ml/min, 160 with AF and 126 with 400 ml/min. Kt rose a 4% comparing 400 with 500 ml/min, and 3% comparing 500 with 700 ml/min. Ktobj was reached in 82.4, 88.2, 88.2 and 94.1% of patients with 400, AF, 500 and 700 ml/min, respectively. We did not find statistical differences between dialysers. The difference between programmed time and Te was 8' when Qd was 400 and 500 ml/min and 8.8' with Qd = 700 ml/min. Calculating an average time loss of eight minutes/session, we can say that a patient loses 24' weekly, 312' monthly and 62.4 hours yearly. Identical Kt could be obtained with Qd of 400 and 500 ml/min, increasing dialysis time 9.1' and saving 20% of dialysate. CONCLUSIONS: Our data suggest that increasing Qd over 400 ml/min for these dialysers offers a limited benefit. Increasing time is a better alternative with demonstrated benefits to the patient and also less water consumption.


Assuntos
Soluções para Diálise/administração & dosagem , Soluções para Diálise/farmacocinética , Falência Renal Crônica/terapia , Diálise Renal/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Análise de Variância , Velocidade do Fluxo Sanguíneo , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Estudos Cross-Over , Feminino , Humanos , Falência Renal Crônica/diagnóstico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Diálise Renal/efeitos adversos , Espanha , Adulto Jovem
16.
Nefrología (Madr.) ; 34(6): 737-742, nov.-dic. 2014. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-135741

RESUMO

Introducción: Los pacientes en hemodiálisis (HD) son uno de los colectivos que toma mayor cantidad de comprimidos en comparación con otros enfermos crónicos. La adherencia al tratamiento prescrito tiene implicaciones en la calidad de vida, la supervivencia y el coste económico de su tratamiento, siendo este último un tema prioritario de salud pública. Objetivo: Evaluar la adherencia al tratamiento farmacológico en pacientes en HD crónica examinando, entre las posibles causas de la no adherencia, factores psicosociales como depresión, ansiedad, deterioro cognitivo y apoyo social. Material y métodos: Estudio observacional transversal llevado a cabo en treinta y cinco pacientes con enfermedad renal crónica en HD, evaluados mediante cuestionarios administrados por personal especializado. Resultados: Los pacientes no adherentes presentan índices de depresión significativamente más elevados que los adherentes al tratamiento farmacológico. La ansiedad, el deterioro cognitivo y el apoyo social no muestran relación estadísticamente significativa con el grado de cumplimiento. Conclusiones: Estos resultados sugieren que la intervención psicológica en pacientes en HD con mayores índices de depresión podría aumentar el grado de cumplimiento y bienestar general del enfermo renal (AU)


Background: The daily pill burden in hemodialysis patients is one of the highest reported to date in any chronic disease. The adherence to prescribed treatment has implications on the quality of life, the survival of patients, and the economic cost of their treatment, this being a priority public health issue. Objective: To evaluate the adherence to pharmacological treatment examining, among the possible causes of non-adherence, psychosocial factors such as depression, anxiety, cognitive impairment and social support. Method: Transversal-observational study of thirty five patients that suffer from chronic renal disease and who are on manteinance hemodialysis, evaluated by self-reported measures. Results: Non-adherent patients have significant higher depression index than adherent patients. Anxiety, cognitive impairment and social support do not show a significant relation with the degree of adherence or compliance with farmacological treatment. Conclusions: These results suggest that psychological intervention in chronic haemodialysis patients with a severe depression index could increase the degree of fulfillment and general well-being of renal patients (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Adesão à Medicação/estatística & dados numéricos , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/psicologia , Diálise Renal/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Fatores de Risco , Apoio Social , Depressão/epidemiologia , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Psicometria/instrumentação , Transtornos Cognitivos/epidemiologia
17.
Nefrologia ; 34(6): 737-42, 2014 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25415573

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The daily pill burden in hemodialysis patients is one of the highest reported to date in any chronic disease. The adherence to prescribed treatment has implications on the quality of life, the survival of patients, and the economic cost of their treatment, this being a priority public health issue. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the adherence to pharmacological treatment examining, among the possible causes of non-adherence, psychosocial factors such as depression, anxiety, cognitive impairment and social support. METHOD: Transversal-observational study of thirty five patients that suffer from chronic renal disease and who are on manteinance hemodialysis, evaluated by self-reported measures. RESULTS: Non-adherent patients have significant higher depression index than adherent patients. Anxiety, cognitive impairment and social support do not show a significant relation with the degree of adherence or compliance with farmacological treatment. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that psychological intervention in chronic haemodialysis patients with a severe depression index could increase the degree of fulfillment and general well-being of renal patients.


Assuntos
Falência Renal Crônica/psicologia , Adesão à Medicação , Diálise Renal/psicologia , Ansiedade/etiologia , Transtornos Cognitivos/etiologia , Comorbidade , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/etiologia , Nefropatias Diabéticas/tratamento farmacológico , Nefropatias Diabéticas/psicologia , Nefropatias Diabéticas/terapia , Humanos , Falência Renal Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Falência Renal Crônica/terapia , Polimedicação , Psicologia , Qualidade de Vida , Autorrelato , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Apoio Social , Espanha
19.
Nefrologia ; 34(3): 302-16, 2014 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24798565

RESUMO

The new Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) international guidelines on chronic kidney disease (CKD) and the management of blood pressure (BP) in CKD patients are an update of the corresponding 2002 and 2004 KDOQI (Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative) guidelines. The documents aim to provide updated guidelines on the assessment, management and treatment of patients with CKD. The first guidelines retain the 2002 definition of CKD but present an improved prognosis classification. Furthermore, concepts about prognosis of CKD, recommendations for management of patients, and criteria for referral to the nephrologist have been updated. The second guideline retains the <130/80 mm Hg-goal for management of BP in patients with CKD presenting increased albuminuria or proteinuria (albumin-to-creatinine ratio 30-300 mg/g, and >300 mg/g, respectively) but recommends a less-strict goal of <140/90 mm Hg in patients with normoalbuminuria. The development of the guidelines followed a predetermined process in which the evidence available was reviewed and assessed. Recommendations on management and treatment are based on the systematic review of relevant studies. The GRADE system (Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation) was used to assess the quality of evidence and issue the grade of recommendation. Areas of uncertainty are also discussed for the different aspects addressed.


Assuntos
Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/terapia , Progressão da Doença , Humanos , Nefrologia , Sociedades Médicas , Espanha
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