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1.
Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 41(4): 310-315, Oct.-Dec. 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056252

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Background: Assessing trends in the rate of transfusion-transmissible infections (TTIs) in blood donors is critical to the monitoring of the blood supply safety and the donor screening effectiveness. The objective of this study was to conduct a trend analysis of TTIs and associated demographic factors of donors at a public blood bank in the central Brazil. Methods: A retrospective analysis (2010-2016) of blood donation data was performed to determine the prevalence of markers for TTIs. Multinomial and multivariate logistic regression were used to verify the association between the explanatory variables and TTIs. The trend was evaluated with the Prais Winsten's regression analysis. Results: The prevalence of TTIs was 4.04% (5,553 donors) among 137,209 donors, with a steady trend in the analyzed period. The seroprevalence for the hepatitis B virus (HBV), syphilis, hepatitis C virus (HCV), human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), Chagas disease, and human T-lymphotropic virus (HTLV) were 1.63%, 0.87%, 0.46%, 0.21%, 0.21% and 0.09%, respectively. The prevalence of HBV decreased (b = −0.021, p < 0.001), while syphilis increased (b = 0.112; p = 0.001), during the period investigated. The probability for a positive test for TTI was higher among donors with a low level of education, aged ≥30 years old, without stable marital status, and first-time donors. Conclusions: Even with the reduction in HBV, the increased rate of syphilis may have contributed to the fact that the overall rate of TTIs did not decrease in the evaluated period.

2.
Hematol Transfus Cell Ther ; 41(4): 310-315, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31409582

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Assessing trends in the rate of transfusion-transmissible infections (TTIs) in blood donors is critical to the monitoring of the blood supply safety and the donor screening effectiveness. The objective of this study was to conduct a trend analysis of TTIs and associated demographic factors of donors at a public blood bank in the central Brazil. METHODS: A retrospective analysis (2010-2016) of blood donation data was performed to determine the prevalence of markers for TTIs. Multinomial and multivariate logistic regression were used to verify the association between the explanatory variables and TTIs. The trend was evaluated with the Prais Winsten's regression analysis. RESULTS: The prevalence of TTIs was 4.04% (5,553 donors) among 137,209 donors, with a steady trend in the analyzed period. The seroprevalence for the hepatitis B virus (HBV), syphilis, hepatitis C virus (HCV), human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), Chagas disease, and human T-lymphotropic virus (HTLV) were 1.63%, 0.87%, 0.46%, 0.21%, 0.21% and 0.09%, respectively. The prevalence of HBV decreased (b = -0.021, p <  0.001), while syphilis increased (b = 0.112; p =  0.001), during the period investigated. The probability for a positive test for TTI was higher among donors with a low level of education, aged ≥30 years old, without stable marital status, and first-time donors. CONCLUSIONS: Even with the reduction in HBV, the increased rate of syphilis may have contributed to the fact that the overall rate of TTIs did not decrease in the evaluated period.

3.
Biosci. j. (Online) ; 35(3): 957-966, may./jun. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1048718

RESUMO

The aim of this work was to evaluate the profile of military police officers regarding the use of psychoactive substances and the presence of Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI). Cross-sectional study carried out with military police officers in 2015 in the central-western, Brazil. The ASSIST (Alcohol, Smoking and Substance Involvement Screening Test) questionnaire was applied to investigate the use of psychoactive substances and serology was performed for syphilis, viral B and C hepatitis and HIV. Cronbach's alpha and Pearson Correlation Coefficient were employed. The ASSIST presented alpha coefficients of Cronbach almost perfect for tobacco (α=0.83) and substantial for the use of alcohol (α=0.70). Of 657 police officers, 78.5% consumed psychoactive substances at some point in their lives, with 76.7% alcohol, 28.5% tobacco, and 5.2% illegal psychoactive substances. A short intervention was required for 23.3% of police officers who used psychoactive substances, and 1.4% should be referred for treatment. Tobacco use was strongly associated with the use of more than one psychoactive substances in life (φ=0.9327), and the use of marijuana showed a moderate correlation with cocaine/crack (φ=0.5241). The prevalence of STI was 14.0%, being 7.6% for HBV, 6.8% syphilis, 0.5% HIV, and 0.3% HCV. HBV/syphilis and HBV/HIV co-infection were observed in 1.1% and 0.1%, respectively. There was no correlation between STI and use of psychoactive substances. The prevalence of HBV and syphilis was higher among police officers than in the general population. The ASSIST questionnaire was consistent when applied to this group and can be a significant tool for monitoring and decision making for timely intervention.


O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o perfil dos policiais militares quanto ao uso de substâncias psicoativas e a presença de Infecções Sexualmente Transmissíveis (IST). Estudo transversalrealizado com policiais militares em 2015 no centro-oeste do Brasil. O questionário ASSIST (Alcohol, Smoking and Substance Involvement Screening Test) foi aplicado para investigar o uso de substâncias psicoativas e foi realizada sorologia para sífilis, Hepatites virais, B e C ,e HIV. O alfa de Cronbach e o coeficiente de correlação de Pearson foram empregados. O ASSIST apresentou coeficientes alfa de Cronbach quase perfeitos para o tabaco (α=0,83) e substancial para o uso de álcool (α=0,70). Dos 657 policiais, 78,5% usaram alguma substância psicoativa em algum momento da vida, sendo 76,7% álcool, 28,5% tabaco e 5,2% substâncias ilícitas. Uma intervenção breve foi necessária para 23,3% dos policiais que usavam substâncias psicoativas, e 1,4% deveriam ser encaminhados para tratamento. O uso de tabaco foi fortemente associado ao uso de mais de uma substância psicoativa na vida (φ=0,9327), e o uso de maconha mostrou uma correlação moderada com a cocaína/crack (φ=0,5241). A prevalência de IST foi de 14,0%, sendo 7,6% para HBV, 6,8% sífilis, 0,5% HIV e 0,3% HCV. A coinfecção HBV/sífilis e HBV/HIV foi observada em 1,1% e 0,1%, respectivamente. Não houve correlação entre IST e uso de substâncias psicoativas. A prevalência de HBV e sífilis foi maior entre policiais do que na população geral. O questionário ASSIST mostrou-se consistente quando aplicado a este grupo e pode ser uma ferramenta importante para monitoramento e tomada de decisão para intervenção oportuna.


Assuntos
Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis , Polícia , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias , Alcoolismo , Uso de Tabaco
4.
Rev. enferm. UFPE on line ; 13(2): 424-430, fev. 2019. tab
Artigo em Português | BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1010204

RESUMO

Objetivo: avaliar a qualidade de vida de portadores de células falciformes atendidos pelo Programa de Anemia Falciforme. Método: trata-se de um estudo quantitativo, descritivo e analítico em 20 portadores de anemia falciforme e 40 indivíduos não falciformes. Coletaram-se os dados por meio de entrevistas no período entre fevereiro a maio de 2015. Avaliou-se a qualidade de vida por meio de SF-36 e WHOQOL-BREF. Apresentaram-se os resultados em forma de tabelas. Resultados: constata-se que a maioria dos pacientes com doença falciforme se declara como negros e castanhos e com baixo nível de escolaridade; os aspectos físicos e a capacidade funcional tiveram os piores resultados e, com a idade, o aspecto físico se torna mais comprometido. Mostrou-se, pelo questionário SF-36, que, entre os escores, os indivíduos com DF apresentavam dor, capacidade funcional, vitalidade, aspectos físicos, emocionais e de saúde mental como os mais prejudicados em relação ao grupo de pacientes sem DF. Conclusão: apresentou-se, pela avaliação WHOQOL-BREF, comprometimento significativo da qualidade de vida física e geral entre os pacientes com DF; já os participantes com doença falciforme sofrem um impacto negativo na qualidade de vida, o que interfere e influencia a saúde dessas pessoas.(AU)


Objective: to evaluate the quality of life of sickle cell patients treated by the Sickle Cell Anemia Program. Method: this is a quantitative, descriptive and analytical study in 20 patients with sickle cell anemia and 40 non-sickle individuals. Data was collected through interviews between February and May 2015. Quality of life was evaluated through SF-36 and WHOQOL-BREF. Results were presented in the form of tables. Results: the majority of patients with sickle cell disease declare themselves as black and brown with a low level of schooling; the physical aspects and the functional capacity had the worst results and, with age, the physical aspect becomes more compromised. The SF-36 questionnaire showed that, among the scores, individuals with FD presented pain, functional capacity, vitality, physical, emotional and mental health aspects as the most impaired in relation to the group of patients without SCD. Conclusion: the WHOQOL-BREF evaluation showed a significant impairment of physical and general quality of life among patients with DF; participants with sickle-cell disease have a negative impact on quality of life, which interferes with and influences the health of these people.(AU)


Objetivo: evaluar la calidad de vida de portadores de células falciformes atendidos por el Programa de Anemia Falciforme. Método: se trata de un estudio cuantitativo, descriptivo y analítico en 20 portadores de anemia falciforme y 40 individuos no falciformes. Se recogieron los datos a través de entrevistas en el período entre febrero a mayo de 2015. Se evaluó la calidad de vida por medio de SF-36 y WHOQOL-BREF. Se presentaron los resultados en forma de tablas. Resultados: se constata que la mayoría de los pacientes con enfermedad falciforme se declara como negros y castaños y con bajo nivel de escolaridad; los aspectos físicos y la capacidad funcional tuvieron los peores resultados y, con la edad, el aspecto físico se vuelve más comprometido. Se mostró, por el cuestionario SF-36, que entre los escores, los individuos con DF presentaban dolor, capacidad funcional, vitalidad, aspectos físicos, emocionales y de salud mental como los más perjudicados en relación al grupo de pacientes sin DF. Conclusión: se presentó, por la evaluación WHOQOLBREF, un compromiso significativo de la calidad de vida física y general entre los pacientes con DF; ya los participantes con enfermedad falciforme sufren un impacto negativo en la calidad de vida, lo que interfiere e influye en la salud de esas personas.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Qualidade de Vida , Condições Sociais , Perfil de Saúde , Perfil de Impacto da Doença , Anemia Falciforme , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Doença Crônica , Epidemiologia Descritiva
5.
Einstein (Sao Paulo) ; 17(1): eAO4403, 2019 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30652737

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratios as possible parameters of systemic inflammation in hyperglycemic and normoglycemic subjects. METHODS: A retrospective, cross-sectional study of data collected from patients tested for fasting blood glucose, glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and blood count on the same day, between July and December 2016. Patients were divided into hyperglycemic and normoglycemic, and matched by age and sex. The data were analyzed using Epi Info™, version 7.2.1.0, for the Windows® platform. RESULTS: We enrolled 278 subjects, 139 hyperglycemic and 139 normoglycemic. The absolute number of leukocytes and neutrophils was higher in the Hyperglycemic Group (p=0.006 and p=0.004, respectively). There was no difference in the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio between the Hyperglycemic Group and the Normoglycemic Group (2.1 versus 2.0; p=0.264), and both neutrophil-to-lymphocyte and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratios showed no differences between those with HbA1c ≥7% (n=127, p=0.778) and those with HbA1c <7% (n=12, p=0.490). In contrast, the platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio was lower in the Hyperglycemic Group (117.8 versus 129.6; p=0.007). CONCLUSION: Hyperglycemic subjects had a neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio similar to that of normoglycemic subjects, but had a lower platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio. Future prospective studies will be useful to determine the importance and prognostic value of neutrophil-to-lymphocyte and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratios in the hyperglycemic state.


Assuntos
Plaquetas , Hiperglicemia/sangue , Linfócitos , Neutrófilos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Glicemia/análise , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos Transversais , Jejum/sangue , Feminino , Hemoglobina A Glicada/análise , Humanos , Inflamação/sangue , Contagem de Linfócitos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Contagem de Plaquetas , Valores de Referência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estatísticas não Paramétricas
6.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 17(1): eAO4403, 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-975109

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objective: To compare the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratios as possible parameters of systemic inflammation in hyperglycemic and normoglycemic subjects. Methods: A retrospective, cross-sectional study of data collected from patients tested for fasting blood glucose, glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and blood count on the same day, between July and December 2016. Patients were divided into hyperglycemic and normoglycemic, and matched by age and sex. The data were analyzed using Epi Info™, version 7.2.1.0, for the Windows® platform. Results: We enrolled 278 subjects, 139 hyperglycemic and 139 normoglycemic. The absolute number of leukocytes and neutrophils was higher in the Hyperglycemic Group (p=0.006 and p=0.004, respectively). There was no difference in the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio between the Hyperglycemic Group and the Normoglycemic Group (2.1 versus 2.0; p=0.264), and both neutrophil-to-lymphocyte and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratios showed no differences between those with HbA1c ≥7% (n=127, p=0.778) and those with HbA1c <7% (n=12, p=0.490). In contrast, the platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio was lower in the Hyperglycemic Group (117.8 versus 129.6; p=0.007). Conclusion: Hyperglycemic subjects had a neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio similar to that of normoglycemic subjects, but had a lower platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio. Future prospective studies will be useful to determine the importance and prognostic value of neutrophil-to-lymphocyte and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratios in the hyperglycemic state.


RESUMO Objetivo: Comparar a razão neutrófilo-linfócito e a razão plaqueta-linfócito como possíveis parâmetros de inflamação sistêmica em indivíduos hiperglicêmicos e normoglicêmicos. Métodos: Estudo transversal retrospectivo, em que foram coletados dados dos pacientes que realizaram glicemia em jejum, hemoglobina glicada (HbA1c) e hemograma na mesma data, entre julho e dezembro de 2016. Os pacientes foram divididos em um Grupo Hiperglicêmico e um Grupo Normoglicêmico, pareados por idade e sexo. Os dados foram analisados no Epi Info™, versão 7.2.1.0, em plataforma Windows®. Resultados: Foram incluídos 278 indivíduos, sendo 139 hiperglicêmicos e 139 normoglicêmicos. O número absoluto de leucócitos e neutrófilos foi maior no Grupo Hiperglicêmico (p=0,006 e p=0,004, respectivamente). Não houve diferença da razão neutrófilo-linfócito entre o Grupo Hiperglicêmico e o Grupo Normoglicêmico (2,1 versus 2,0; p=0,264), assim como a razão neutrófilo-linfócito e razão plaqueta-linfócito não apresentou diferença entre aqueles com HbA1c ≥7% (n=127) e com HbA1c <7% (n=12; p=0,778 e p=0,490). Contrariamente, a razão plaqueta-linfócito mostrou-se menor no Grupo Hiperglicêmico (117,8 versus 129,6; p=0,007). Conclusão: Indivíduos hiperglicêmicos apresentaram razão neutrófilo-linfócito semelhante a dos normoglicêmicos, mas tiveram razão plaqueta-linfócito menor. Pesquisas futuras, de modo prospectivo, seriam úteis para analisar a importância e o valor prognóstico da razão neutrófilo-linfócito e da razão plaqueta-linfócito no estado hiperglicêmico.

7.
Hematol Transfus Cell Ther ; 40(4): 326-331, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30370410

RESUMO

Background: Unexpected red blood cell alloantibodies can cause hemolytic transfusion reactions. In this study, the prevalence of alloimmunization, the rate of identification of alloantibodies and the rate of blood transfusion reactions among transfused patients were identified in a clinical emergency hospital in Brazil. Methods: Transfusions and clinical records of patients who had a positive indirect antiglobulin test between January and December 2013 were analyzed. Results: Of 1169 patients who received blood transfusions, 28 had positive indirect antiglobulin tests, with one patient having two positive tests at different times, resulting in 29 positive tests during the period of this study. Alloantibodies were identified in 58.6% (17/29) of the cases. In 27.5% (8/29), identification was inconclusive and it was not possible to confirm alloimmunization. The rate of red blood cell alloimmunization was 1.71% (21/1169). Of 21 cases of alloimmunization, four (19%) were unidentified due to an unusual agglutination profile. All identified alloantibodies were clinically significant (10/17 anti-Rh, 5/17 anti-Kell and 2/17 anti-MNS). In two patients who had positive indirect antiglobulin tests, one had an unidentified alloantibody, and the other had an inconclusive test and developed a hemolytic transfusion reaction. Conclusion: The prevalence of clinically important red blood cell alloantibodies and hemolytic transfusion reactions among patients with unidentified alloantibodies suggests that specific laboratory techniques should be performed to identify alloantibodies in cases of pan-reactivity or autoantibodies to improve transfusion safety.

8.
Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 40(4): 326-331, Oct.-Dec. 2018. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-984500

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Background: Unexpected red blood cell alloantibodies can cause hemolytic transfusion reactions. In this study, the prevalence of alloimmunization, the rate of identification of alloantibodies and the rate of blood transfusion reactions among transfused patients were identified in a clinical emergency hospital in Brazil. Methods: Transfusions and clinical records of patients who had a positive indirect antiglobulin test between January and December 2013 were analyzed. Results: Of 1169 patients who received blood transfusions, 28 had positive indirect antiglobulin tests, with one patient having two positive tests at different times, resulting in 29 positive tests during the period of this study. Alloantibodies were identified in 58.6% (17/29) of the cases. In 27.5% (8/29), identification was inconclusive and it was not possible to confirm alloimmunization. The rate of red blood cell alloimmunization was 1.71% (21/1169). Of 21 cases of alloimmunization, four (19%) were unidentified due to an unusual agglutination profile. All identified alloantibodies were clinically significant (10/17 anti-Rh, 5/17 anti-Kell and 2/17 anti-MNS). In two patients who had positive indirect antiglobulin tests, one had an unidentified alloantibody, and the other had an inconclusive test and developed a hemolytic transfusion reaction. Conclusion: The prevalence of clinically important red blood cell alloantibodies and hemolytic transfusion reactions among patients with unidentified alloantibodies suggests that specific laboratory techniques should be performed to identify alloantibodies in cases of pan-reactivity or autoantibodies to improve transfusion safety.

9.
Sci. med. (Porto Alegre, Online) ; 28(3): ID30376, jul-set 2018.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-909790

RESUMO

OBJETIVOS: Comparar a razão neutrófilos/linfócitos (RNL) e a razão plaquetas/linfócitos (RPL) entre pacientes com e sem diabetes mellitus tipo 2 e entre pacientes diabéticos com e sem disfunção renal. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal retrospectivo realizado no Laboratório de Análises Clínicas do Hospital das Clínicas da Universidade Federal de Goiás entre janeiro e dezembro de 2016. Foram incluídos no estudo os dados dos pacientes com idade maior ou igual a 40 anos. Aqueles com glicemia casual ≥200mg/dL e/ou hemoglobina glicada ≥6,5% formaram o grupo diabético, e aqueles que não apresentavam esses critérios para diabetes formaram o grupo controle, sendo pareados por idade e sexo. O grupo diabético foi classificado em um grupo com dano renal e outro sem dano renal, de acordo com a microalbuminúria de 24 horas. Os cálculos para RNL e RPL foram realizados a partir do número absoluto de neutrófilos, linfócitos e plaquetas, e foram comparadas as medianas. RESULTADOS: Um total de 122 indivíduos foi incluído no estudo, entre os quais 52,5% tinham entre 40 e 64 anos de idade e 63,9% eram do sexo masculino. A mediana da RNL foi de 2,1 (mín. 0,8 -máx. 5,3) no grupo diabético e de 1,9 (mín. 0,6 -máx. 6,2) no grupo controle (p=0,16). A mediana da RPL foi de 120,5 (mín. 63,5 -máx. 206,6) no grupo diabético e de 119,7 (mín. 40,4 -máx. 215,1) no grupo controle (p=0,19). Considerando a faixa etária, não houve diferença das medianas de RNL e RPL entre o grupo de diabéticos e o grupo controle, entretanto a da RNL foi maior para indivíduos com 65 anos ou mais, independentemente de serem diabéticos (mediana 2,2; mín. 1,0 -máx. 3,8; p=0,0144) ou não (mediana 2,4; mín. 0,9 -máx. 3,6; p=0,0019). Dentre os participantes, 38 pacientes apresentavam dano renal, sendo 24 (63,1%) do grupo diabético e 14 (36,9%) do grupo controle. As medianas da RNL e da RPL foram semelhantes entre os pacientes diabéticos com dano renal, diabéticos sem dano renal e grupo controle. CONCLUSÕES: A RNL e a RPL foram semelhantes entre o grupo diabético e o grupo controle, assim como entre diabéticos com ou sem dano renal. A RNL foi maior para indivíduos com 65 anos ou mais, independentemente de serem diabéticos ou não.


AIMS: To compare the neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and the platelet/lymphocyte ratio (PLR) between patients with and without type 2 diabetes mellitus and between diabetic patients with and without renal dysfunction. METHODS: A cross-sectional retrospective study was performed at the Laboratory of Clinical Analyzes of the Hospital das Clínicas of the Federal University of Goiás between January and December 2016. Data from patients aged 40 years or older were included in the study. Those with a blood glucose ≥200mg / dL and/or glycated hemoglobin ≥6.5% formed the diabetic group, and those who did not present these criteria for diabetes formed the control group, being matched by age and sex. The diabetic group was classified in one group with renal damage and another without renal damage, according to the 24-hour microalbuminuria. Calculations for NLR and PLR were performed from the absolute number of neutrophils, lymphocytes and platelets, and the medians were compared. RESULTS: A total of 122 subjects were included in the study, among which 52.5% were between 40 and 64 years of age and 63.9% were male. The median NLR was 2.1 (min 0.8-max 5.3) in the diabetic group and 1.9 (min 0.6-max 6.2) in the control group (p=0.16). The median PLR was 120.5 (min 63.5-max 206.6) in the diabetic group and 119.7 (min 40.4-max 215.1) in the control group (p=0.19). Considering the age group, there was no difference in the median NLR or PLR among the diabetic group and the control group; however, the NLR was higher for individuals 65 years of age or older, regardless of whether they were diabetic (median 2.2, min 1.0-max 3.8, p=0.01) or not (median 2.4, min 0.9-max 3.6, p=0.001). Among the participants, 38 patients presented renal damage, 24 (63.1%) of the diabetic group and 14 (36.9%) of the control group. The median NLR and PLR were similar among diabetic patients with renal damage, diabetics without renal damage and control group. CONCLUSIONS: NLR and PLR were similar between the diabetic group and the control group, as well as among diabetics with or without renal damage. RNL was higher for individuals 65 years of age or older, regardless of whether they were diabetic or not.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Nefropatias Diabéticas , Testes de Função Renal
10.
Biosci. j. (Online) ; 33(2): 485-493, mar./apr. 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-966206

RESUMO

A high prevalence of overweight and obesity has been observed among professional drivers. An increased risk of hypertension and obesity may be related to the stress of driving long hours. This work aimed to evaluate the glucose level, blood pressure and body mass index (BMI) in truck drivers. Long distance truck drivers were recruited at a gas station in Goias State, Brasil, between April 2014 and June 2014. A cross-sectional questionnaire was applied. Random glucose test, blood pressure and body weight were evaluated and body mass index was calculated. Statistic analyses were performed by the software EPI INFO 7.0. The level of significance was set at 5% (p0.05). A total of 155 male long distance truck drivers was included in the study, 78.1% (121/155) said to be sedentary, 30.3% (47/155) were current smokers, 51% (79/155) were using alcoholic beverages with frequency and 58.3% (91/155) did not have a healthy eating. Almost 40% (61/155) were hypertensive (>13 x >8 MmHg), hyperglycemia (>200 mg/dL) was detected in 11.0% (17/155) and 80% (123/155) were obese (BMI < 25 kg/m2). Approximately 90% of hypertensive truck drivers had high BMI (p<0,05) and 81% with high BMI were sedentary (p<0,05). It is concluded that, the majority of truck drivers in this study had sedentary lifestyle associated with high prevalence of overweight and obesity. High BMI was directly associated with hypertension.


A alta prevalência de sobrepeso e obesidade foi observada entre os motoristas profissionais. Um risco aumentado de hipertensão e obesidade pode estar relacionada com a longa jornada de trabalho. Este trabalho objetivou avaliar o índice de massa corporal (IMC), o nível de glicose e a pressão arterial em motoristas de caminhão. Os motoristas de caminhão de longa distância foram recrutados em um posto de combustível, no Estado de Goiás, Brasil, entre abril de 2014 e junho de 2014. Um questionário foi aplicado. Foram realizados o teste de glicose ao acaso, aferição da pressão arterial, peso corporal e calculado o índice de massa corporal. As Análises estatísticas foram realizadas pelo programa EPI INFO 7.0. O nível de significância foi fixado em 5% (p0,05). Foram incluídos no estudo um total de 155 motoristas de caminhão de longa distância do sexo masculino, 78,1% (121/155) disseram que eram sedentários, 30,3% (47/155) eram fumantes atuais, 51% (79/155) estavam usando bebidas alcoólicas com frequência e 58,3% (91/155) não têm uma alimentação saudável. Cerca de 40% (61/155) eram hipertensos (> 13 x > 8 mmHg), 11,6% (18/155) tinham hiperglicemia (> 200 mg / dL), e 80% (123/155) eram obesos (IMC < 25 kg / m2). Aproximadamente 90% dos motoristas de caminhão hipertensos apresentaram IMC elevado (p <0,05) e 81% com IMC elevado eram sedentários (p <0,05). Concluímos que a maioria dos caminhoneiros estudados tinham estilo de vida sedentário associado a alta prevalência de sobrepeso e obesidade. O IMC elevado foi diretamente associado com a hipertensão.


Assuntos
Índice de Massa Corporal , Diabetes Mellitus , Hipertensão , Obesidade
11.
J. Health Sci. Inst ; 30(3)jul.-set. 2012. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-670559

RESUMO

Objetivo - Avaliar a prevalência de câncer de colo do útero e infecções genitais em mulheres atendidas no serviço de saúde pública de Goiânia-GO. O exame de Papanicolaou é o método utilizado para detecção das lesões intraepiteliais e neoplásicas da cérvice uterina, tendo importante papel na prevenção do câncer do colo do útero e no diagnóstico das infecções genitais. Métodos - Estudo retrospectivo dos laudos dos exames citopatológicos das mulheres atendidas nas Unidades de Atenção Básica em Saúde (UABS) de Goiânia-GO, entre 03/2006 a 05/2008. Os esfregaços citológicos foram analisados no Centro de Análises Clínicas Rômulo Rocha da Faculdade de Farmácia da Universidade Federal de Goiás (CACRR/FF/UFG). Resultados - Um total de 15.615 mulheres foi incluído no estudo. A mediana de idade foi de 33 anos (14-93 anos), a maioria (57,6%) tinha entre 20 e 39 anos e 6,6% (n=1.034) eram < 20 anos de idade. Mais de 50% dos casos de infecção entre adultas e adolescentes eram causados por Gardnerella vaginalis e 13,6% por Trichomonas vaginalis. Entre mulheres mais jovens (20-39 anos),16,9% das infecções foi causada por Candida sp. Aproximadamente 7,6% dos esfregaços avaliados apresentaram alterações celulares, sendo 4,9% células escamosas atípicas de significado indeterminado/lesão intraepitelial escamosa de baixo grau (ASC-US/LSIL) para as mulheres entre 20-29 anos e 2,6% células escamosas atípicas com possível lesão de alto grau/lesão intraepitelial escamosa de alto grau e células glandulares atípicas (ASC-H/+) para mulheres entre 20 e 49 anos. Conclusão - Lesões graves em mulheres jovens chamam atenção para a necessidade de políticas de saúde pública que reforcem a importância do Papanicolaou para a prevenção do colo de útero.


Objective - To correlate the prevalence of cervical cancer and genital infections with the age of women treated at public health service of Goiânia-GO. Papanicolaou test is the method used for detection of intraepithelial and neoplastic lesions in the uterine cervix, playing an important role in cervical cancer prevention and helping in female genital infections'diagnosis. Methods - Women's cytopathological tests were analyzed at Health Care Units from Goiânia-GO, between 03/2006 and 05/2008. Smears were analyzed at Clinical Analysis Laboratory Rômulo Rocha, at Pharmacy Faculty of the Federal University of Goiás. Results - The total of 15.615 women were included in this study. The median age was 33 years (14-93 years), 57.6% were between 20 and 39 years of age and 6.6% were adolescents <20 years of age. More than 50% of cases of infection among adults and adolescents were caused by Gardnerella vaginalis, followed by 13.6% by Trichomonas vaginalis and to 16.9% by Candida sp. Approximately, 7.6% of smears evaluated showed cellular alterations, and 4.9% atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance/squamous intraepithelial lesion of low grade (ASC-US/LSIL) for women aged 20-29 years and 2.6% atypical squamous cells can damage high-grade/squamous intraepithelial lesion high-grade and atypical glandular cells (ASC-H/+) for women aged 20-49 years. Conclusion - Serious injuries in young women draw attention to the need for public health policies that reinforce the importance of the Papanicolaou test for cervical cancer prevention.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Doenças dos Genitais Femininos/classificação , Doenças dos Genitais Femininos/diagnóstico , Doenças dos Genitais Femininos/etiologia , Doenças dos Genitais Femininos/genética , Esfregaço Vaginal/efeitos adversos , Esfregaço Vaginal/estatística & dados numéricos , Esfregaço Vaginal/métodos , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/complicações , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia , Doenças dos Genitais Femininos/enfermagem , Doenças dos Genitais Femininos/prevenção & controle , Esfregaço Vaginal/tendências , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/prevenção & controle , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/terapia
12.
Rev. bras. anal. clin ; 41(3): 181-184, 2009. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-544438

RESUMO

A sifilis congenita, por ser considerada importante causa de morbimortalidade perinatal e resultar em sequelas ao neonato, tornou-se uma doenca de notificacao compulsoria no Brasil e meta de erradicacao. Portanto, visando diagnosticar casos de sifilis entre gestantes da rede publica de Anapolis-Goias e avaliar o perfil socioeconomico das mesmas, aplicou-se um questionario e coletou-se sangue para realizacao do VDRL nas gestantes da Unidade de Saude do Progresso. A amostragem foi composta por 59 gestantes com idade media de 23 anos, casadas, com residencia propria e consideravel nivel de instrucao. Foram identificadas 44,1% de gestantes no primeiro trimestre gestacional, sendo que 49,2% nao relatavam teste anterior para a infeccao e 35,6% desconheciam sua sorologiapara HIV/AIDS. A frequencia da utilizacao de preservativos e o conhecimento geral sobre a sifilis mostraram-se insatisfatorios. Apenas uma gestante foi soro-reagente puro no VDRL. Os dados da Secretaria Municipal de Saude e do SINAN sobre a sifilis congenita apresentaram divergencias (p<0,05). Portanto, torna-se evidente a necessidade de fortalecer a vigilancia epidemiologica do municipio,atraves da implementacao de medidas capazes de prevenir a sifilis congenita e erradica-la.


The congenital syphilis, for being considered an important cause of newborn morbidity and mortality, became an illness of obligatory notification in Brazil and purpose of eradication of the Health department. Therefore, aiming at to diagnosis cases of gestational syphilis in women attended in a public unit at Anápolis city-Goiás and to evaluate the socioeconomic profile of them, it was applied a socioeconomic questionnaire to the pregnants and collected a blood sample to make the non-treponemic test (VDRL - Venereal Diseases Research Laboratory) for diagnosis of syphilis. The group of study was composed by 59 pregnant women with averageage 23 years, married, with own residence, and a good educational level. 44.1% of pregnants were in the first trimester of gestational age, 49.2% of those ones had never carried through previous test for the infection and 35.6% were unaware of their HIV serology. Among them the frequency of use of condoms was very low, as well as the common knowledge of syphilis. A pregnant was identified as pure serum-reagent in test VDRL. The data gotten in the City department of Health on of notification of congenital syphilishad shown different when compared with the data of the referring SINAN. Therefore, becomes evident the necessity to improve the epidemiological vigilance through the implementation of capable measures to prevent congenital syphilis and to promote its eradication.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Adolescente , Adulto , Teste de Absorção do Anticorpo Treponêmico Fluorescente , Gestantes , Testes Sorológicos , Sífilis Congênita/diagnóstico , Sífilis Congênita/prevenção & controle
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