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1.
Inflamm Bowel Dis ; 2019 Aug 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31504569

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of the switch to another anti-tumor necrosis factor (anti-TNF) agent is not known. The aim of this study was to analyze the effectiveness and safety of treatment with a second and third anti-TNF drug after intolerance to or failure of a previous anti-TNF agent in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients. METHODS: We included patients diagnosed with IBD from the ENEIDA registry who received another anti-TNF after intolerance to or failure of a prior anti-TNF agent. RESULTS: A total of 1122 patients were included. In the short term, remission was achieved in 55% of the patients with the second anti-TNF. The incidence of loss of response was 19% per patient-year with the second anti-TNF. Combination therapy (hazard ratio [HR], 2.4; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.8-3; P < 0.0001) and ulcerative colitis vs Crohn's disease (HR, 1.6; 95% CI, 1.1-2.1; P = 0.005) were associated with a higher probability of loss of response. Fifteen percent of the patients had adverse events, and 10% had to discontinue the second anti-TNF. Of the 71 patients who received a third anti-TNF, 55% achieved remission. The incidence of loss of response was 22% per patient-year with a third anti-TNF. Adverse events occurred in 7 patients (11%), but only 1 stopped the drug. CONCLUSIONS: Approximately half of the patients who received a second anti-TNF achieved remission; nevertheless, a significant proportion of them subsequently lost response. Combination therapy and type of IBD were associated with loss of response. Remission was achieved in almost 50% of patients who received a third anti-TNF; nevertheless, a significant proportion of them subsequently lost response.

2.
Expert Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 13(8): 807-813, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31203691

RESUMO

Background: In patients with Crohn's disease (CD), endoscopic recurrence precedes clinical recurrence after ileocolonic resection. Guidelines recommend ileocolonoscopy within the first year after surgery. The study examined endoscopic monitoring and treatment decisions in CD patients in a real-world setting. Methods: The Practicrohn study involved adult patients from 26 Spanish hospitals who underwent ileocolonic resection with anastomosis from 2007 to 2010. Medical records data were collected retrospectively from diagnosis to index surgery and up to 5 years after surgery. Results: Of 314 analyzed patients, 262 (83%) underwent endoscopic evaluation, but only 30% (n = 95) had planned endoscopy as part of follow-up within the first year after surgery. An upward trend was observed in the proportion of endoscopies performed or planned within the first year after surgery across the selection period. More patients with than without endoscopic recurrence in the first year after surgery had a medication change, mainly for endoscopic activity in the absence of clinical symptoms (54 vs 13%; p = 0.02). Conclusions: Between 2007 and 2010, endoscopic monitoring of patients within the first year after CD-related surgery was less than adequate based on current standards, but showed improvement. Medication changes were in general agreement with current guideline recommendations. This work was presented as a poster (number P686) by M. Barreiro-de Acosta et al. at ECCO (European Crohn's and Colitis Organisation) '18 in Vienna, Austria, 14-17 February 2018.


Assuntos
Colo/cirurgia , Doença de Crohn/diagnóstico , Doença de Crohn/terapia , Íleo/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Assistência ao Convalescente , Anastomose Cirúrgica , Colectomia , Doença de Crohn/cirurgia , Endoscopia Gastrointestinal , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Espanha , Adulto Jovem
3.
Aliment Pharmacol Ther ; 48(8): 839-851, 2018 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30281832

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Effectiveness of vedolizumab in real world clinical practice is unknown. AIM: To evaluate the short and long-term effectiveness of vedolizumab in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). METHODS: Patients who received at least 1 induction dose of vedolizumab were included. Effectiveness was defined based on Harvey-Bradshaw index (HBI) in Crohn's disease (CD) and Partial Mayo Score (PMS) in ulcerative colitis (UC). Short-term response was assessed at week 14. Variables associated with short-term remission were identified by logistic regression analysis. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to evaluate the long-term durability of vedolizumab treatment. Cox model was used to identify factors associated with discontinuation of treatment and loss of response. RESULTS: 521 patients were included (median follow-up 10 months [interquartile range 5-18 months]). At week 14, 46.8% had remission and 15.7% clinical response. CD (vs UC), previous surgery, higher CRP concentration and disease severity at baseline were significantly associated with impaired response. The rate of vedolizumab discontinuation was 37% per patient-year of follow-up (27.6% in UC and 45.3% in CD, P < 0.01). CD (vs UC), anaemia at baseline, steroids during induction and CRP concentration were associated with lower durability of treatment. Seven per cent of patients developed adverse events, infections being the most frequent. CONCLUSIONS: Over 60% of IBD patients respond to vedolizumab. Many patients discontinue treatment over time. CD and disease burden impair both short- and long-term response. Vedolizumab seems to be safe in clinical practice.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Fármacos Gastrointestinais/uso terapêutico , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/diagnóstico , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/tratamento farmacológico , Sistema de Registros , Adulto , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/efeitos adversos , Colite Ulcerativa/diagnóstico , Colite Ulcerativa/tratamento farmacológico , Colite Ulcerativa/epidemiologia , Doenças Transmissíveis/induzido quimicamente , Doenças Transmissíveis/diagnóstico , Doenças Transmissíveis/epidemiologia , Doença de Crohn/diagnóstico , Doença de Crohn/tratamento farmacológico , Doença de Crohn/epidemiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Fármacos Gastrointestinais/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Indução de Remissão , Espanha/epidemiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Gastroenterol. hepatol. (Ed. impr.) ; 41(2): 118-127, feb. 2018. tab, ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-170936

RESUMO

Objetivos. Establecer recomendaciones para el manejo de los aspectos psicológicos de los pacientes con enfermedad inflamatoria intestinal (EII). Métodos. Se llevó a cabo una reunión con un grupo de expertos en EII formado por médicos, psicólogos, enfermeras y representantes de pacientes. Se presentaron resultados de: 1) un grupo focal previo, 2) encuestas a médicos y pacientes y 3) una revisión sistemática sobre instrumentos de cribado de ansiedad y depresión. Se realizó una discusión guiada sobre los aspectos psicológicos y emocionales más importantes en EII, los criterios de derivación apropiados y situaciones a evitar. Se seleccionó el instrumento validado más aplicable a la práctica clínica. Se diseñó un documento con recomendaciones, así como una encuesta Delphi. La encuesta fue enviada al grupo y a un comité científico seleccionado del grupo GETECCU, con el objetivo de establecer el grado de apoyo a las recomendaciones establecidas. Resultados. Se establecieron 15 recomendaciones, pertenecientes a 3 procesos clave: 1) qué pasos dar para identificar problemas psicológicos en consulta de EII, 2) criterios de derivación a profesionales de la salud mental y 3) abordaje de los problemas psicológicos. Conclusiones. Se deben facilitar recursos a los profesionales sanitarios para que puedan tratar estos aspectos en consulta, identificar los trastornos que puedan afectar el curso de la enfermedad o su impacto en la vida del paciente, para ser tratados y seguidos por el profesional más adecuado. Estas recomendaciones pueden servir de base para el rediseño de los servicios o procesos de EII y como justificación para la formación del personal sanitario (AU)


Aims. To establish recommendations for the management of psychological problems affecting patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Methods. A meeting of a group of IBD experts made up of doctors, psychologists, nurses and patient representatives was held. The following were presented: 1) Results of a previous focal group, 2) Results of doctor and patient surveys, 3) Results of a systematic review of tools for detecting anxiety and depression. A guided discussion was then held about the most important psychological and emotional problems associated with IBD, appropriate referral criteria and situations to be avoided. The validated instrument most applicable to clinical practice was selected. A recommendations document and a Delphi survey were designed. The survey was sent to the group and to a scientific committee of the GETECCU group in order to establish the level of agreement with these recommendations. Results. Fifteen recommendations were established linked to 3 key processes: 1) What steps should be taken to identify psychological problems at an IBD appointment; 2) What are the criteria for referring patients to a mental health specialist; 3) How to approach psychological problems. Conclusions. Resources should be made available to healthcare professionals so that they can treat these problems during consultations, identify the disorders which could affect the clinical course of the disease and determine their impact on the patient's life in order that these can be treated and followed up by the most suitable professional. These recommendations could serve as a basis for redesigning IBD services or processes and as justification for the training of healthcare personnel (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Doença de Crohn/psicologia , Colite Ulcerativa/psicologia , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/psicologia , Depressão/diagnóstico , Transtornos de Ansiedade/diagnóstico , Padrões de Prática Médica , Técnicas Psicológicas
5.
Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 41(2): 118-127, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29275001

RESUMO

AIMS: To establish recommendations for the management of psychological problems affecting patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). METHODS: A meeting of a group of IBD experts made up of doctors, psychologists, nurses and patient representatives was held. The following were presented: 1) Results of a previous focal group, 2) Results of doctor and patient surveys, 3) Results of a systematic review of tools for detecting anxiety and depression. A guided discussion was then held about the most important psychological and emotional problems associated with IBD, appropriate referral criteria and situations to be avoided. The validated instrument most applicable to clinical practice was selected. A recommendations document and a Delphi survey were designed. The survey was sent to the group and to a scientific committee of the GETECCU group in order to establish the level of agreement with these recommendations. RESULTS: Fifteen recommendations were established linked to 3 key processes: 1) What steps should be taken to identify psychological problems at an IBD appointment; 2) What are the criteria for referring patients to a mental health specialist; 3) How to approach psychological problems. CONCLUSIONS: Resources should be made available to healthcare professionals so that they can treat these problems during consultations, identify the disorders which could affect the clinical course of the disease and determine their impact on the patient's life in order that these can be treated and followed up by the most suitable professional. These recommendations could serve as a basis for redesigning IBD services or processes and as justification for the training of healthcare personnel.


Assuntos
Transtornos de Ansiedade/tratamento farmacológico , Transtorno Depressivo/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/psicologia , Sintomas Afetivos/diagnóstico , Sintomas Afetivos/tratamento farmacológico , Sintomas Afetivos/etiologia , Ansiolíticos/uso terapêutico , Antidepressivos/uso terapêutico , Transtornos de Ansiedade/diagnóstico , Transtornos de Ansiedade/etiologia , Transtorno Depressivo/diagnóstico , Transtorno Depressivo/etiologia , Gerenciamento Clínico , Emoções , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida , Fatores de Risco , Disfunções Sexuais Psicogênicas/etiologia
6.
Hum Immunol ; 72(10): 969-72, 2011 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21684315

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the possible implication of CD24 gene in the genetic predisposition to inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Our study population consisted of 1321 female Spanish individuals (369 Crohn's disease [CD] patients, 323 ulcerative colitis [UC] patients, and 629 healthy matched controls). Two putative functional polymorphisms, a C to T coding polymorphism (rs8734) and a TG deletion in the 3' untranslated region (rs3838646), were used as CD24 genetic markers and genotyped using a Taqman 5' allelic discrimination assay. The "del" allele of the dinucleotide deletion was associated with an increased risk of CD (odds ratio = 1.61, 95% confidence interval = 1.17-2.21, p(FDR) = 6.4E-03) but not with UC. Moreover, this allele was significant associated with the age of CD diagnosis between 17 and 40 years, the ileocolonic location, and the inflammatory behavior of CD. We observed no significant differences between the allelic or genotypic frequencies of the A57V polymorphism in our studied IBD cohort. Our results suggest that the rs3838646 CD24 polymorphism is part of the genetic background of CD.


Assuntos
Antígeno CD24/genética , Colite Ulcerativa/genética , Doença de Crohn/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Adolescente , Adulto , Alelos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Colite Ulcerativa/epidemiologia , Doença de Crohn/epidemiologia , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Genótipo , Humanos , Desequilíbrio de Ligação , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Fatores de Risco , Deleção de Sequência , Espanha
7.
Inflamm Bowel Dis ; 17(11): 2287-94, 2011 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21287672

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The PTPN22 gene is an important risk factor for human autoimmunity. The aim of this study was to evaluate for the first time the role of the R263Q PTPN22 polymorphism in ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD), and to reevaluate the association of the R620W PTPN22 polymorphism with both diseases. METHODS: A total of 1677 UC patients, 1903 CD patients, and 3111 healthy controls from an initial case-control set of Spanish Caucasian ancestry and two independent sample sets of European ancestry (Dutch and New Zealand) were included in the study. Genotyping was performed using TaqMan SNP assays for the R263Q (rs33996649) and R620W (rs2476601) PTPN22 polymorphisms. Meta-analysis was performed on 6977 CD patients, 5695 UC patients, and 9254 controls to test the overall effect of the minor allele of R620W and R263Q polymorphisms. RESULTS: The PTPN22 263Q loss-of-function variant showed initial evidence of association with UC in the Spanish cohort (P = 0.026, odds ratio [OR] = 0.61, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.39-0.95), which was confirmed in the meta-analysis (P = 0.013 pooled, OR = 0.69, 95% CI: 0.51-0.93). In contrast, the 263Q allele showed no association with CD (P = 0.22 pooled, OR = 1.16, 95% CI: 0.91-1.47). We found in the pooled analysis that the PTPN22 620W gain-of-function variant was associated with reduced risk of CD (P = 7.4E-06 pooled OR = 0.81, 95% CI: 0.75-0.89) but not of UC (P = 0.88 pooled, OR = 0.98, 95% CI: 0.85-1.15). CONCLUSIONS: Our data suggest that two autoimmunity-associated polymorphisms of the PTPN22 gene are differentially associated with CD and UC. The R263Q polymorphism only associated with UC, whereas the R620W was significantly associated with only CD.


Assuntos
Colite Ulcerativa/genética , Doença de Crohn/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Proteína Tirosina Fosfatase não Receptora Tipo 22/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu , Genótipo , Humanos , Nova Zelândia , Razão de Chances , Prognóstico , Fatores de Risco , Espanha
8.
PLoS One ; 5(7): e11520, 2010 Jul 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20634952

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A functional polymorphism located at -1 from the start codon of the CD40 gene, rs1883832, was previously reported to disrupt a Kozak sequence essential for translation. It has been consistently associated with Graves' disease risk in populations of different ethnicity and genetic proxies of this variant evaluated in genome-wide association studies have shown evidence of an effect in rheumatoid arthritis and multiple sclerosis (MS) susceptibility. However, the protective allele associated with Graves' disease or rheumatoid arthritis has shown a risk role in MS, an effect that we aimed to replicate in the present work. We hypothesized that this functional polymorphism might also show an association with other complex autoimmune condition such as inflammatory bowel disease, given the CD40 overexpression previously observed in Crohn's disease (CD) lesions. METHODOLOGY: Genotyping of rs1883832C>T was performed in 1564 MS, 1102 CD and 969 ulcerative colitis (UC) Spanish patients and in 2948 ethnically matched controls by TaqMan chemistry. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: The observed effect of the minor allele rs1883832T was replicated in our independent Spanish MS cohort [p = 0.025; OR (95% CI) = 1.12 (1.01-1.23)]. The frequency of the minor allele was also significantly higher in CD patients than in controls [p = 0.002; OR (95% CI) = 1.19 (1.06-1.33)]. This increased predisposition was not detected in UC patients [p = 0.5; OR (95% CI) = 1.04 (0.93-1.17)]. CONCLUSION: The impact of CD40 rs1883832 on MS and CD risk points to a common signaling shared by these autoimmune conditions.


Assuntos
Antígenos CD40/genética , Doença de Crohn/genética , Esclerose Múltipla/genética , Adulto , Alelos , Colite Ulcerativa/genética , Frequência do Gene/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Genótipo , Humanos , Polimorfismo Genético/genética , Adulto Jovem
9.
Hum Immunol ; 71(5): 515-9, 2010 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20153791

RESUMO

Recently, the signal transducer and activator of transcription 4 (STAT4) gene has been associated with multiple autoimmune diseases. Interestingly, a recent work showed that the T allele of the rs7574865 STAT4 SNP was associated with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in a Spanish population. The aim of the present study was to reevaluate the role of the STAT4 rs7574865 polymorphism on IBD. The present case-control study included 498 Crohn's disease (CD) patients, 402 ulcerative colitis (UC) patients, and 1296 healthy matched controls. Genotyping was performed using a PCR system with a pre-developed TaqMan allelic discrimination assay for the rs7574865 STAT4 SNP. Moreover, a meta-analysis was performed with the previous work in a Spanish population and the current study, including a final sample size of 1574 IBD patients (820 with CD and 754 with UC) and 2012 healthy controls. No evidence of association was found for the current case-control study (CD: p = 0.23, OR = 0.9, 95% CI = 0.75-1.1; UC: p = 0.17, OR = 1.14, 95% CI = 0.95-1.38). However, the meta-analysis showed that the STAT4 rs7574865 T allele was significantly associated with susceptibility to UC (p = 0.012 pooled; OR = 1.20, 95% CI = 1.04-1.39) but not CD (p = 0.71 pooled; OR = 0.93, 95% CI = 0.65-1.34). Our data suggest that the rs7574865 STAT4 SNP is a genetic susceptibility variant for UC but not CD in the Spanish population.


Assuntos
Colite Ulcerativa/genética , Doença de Crohn/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Fator de Transcrição STAT4/genética , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Espanha
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