Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 33
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
JAMA Surg ; : e196024, 2020 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32049352

RESUMO

Importance: The Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) care protocol has been shown to improve outcomes compared with traditional care in certain types of surgery. Objective: To assess the association of use of the ERAS protocols with complications in patients undergoing elective total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Design, Setting, and Participants: This multicenter, prospective cohort study included patients recruited from 131 centers in Spain from October 22 through December 22, 2018. All consecutive adults scheduled for elective THA or TKA were eligible for inclusion. Patients were stratified between those treated in a self-designated ERAS center (ERAS group) and those treated in a non-ERAS center (non-ERAS group). Data were analyzed from June 15 through September 15, 2019. Exposures: Total hip or knee arthroplasty and perioperative management. Sixteen individual ERAS items were assessed in all included patients, whether they were treated at a center that was part of an established ERAS protocol or not. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary outcome was postoperative complications within 30 days after surgery. Secondary outcomes included length of stay and mortality. Results: During the 2-month recruitment period, 6146 patients were included (3580 women [58.2%]; median age, 71 [interquartile range (IQR), 63-76] years). Of these, 680 patients (11.1%) presented with postoperative complications. No differences were found in the number of patients with overall postoperative complications between ERAS and non-ERAS groups (163 [10.2%] vs 517 [11.4%]; odds ratio [OR], 0.89; 95% CI, 0.74-1.07; P = .22). Fewer patients in the ERAS group had moderate to severe complications (73 [4.6%] vs 279 [6.1%]; OR, 0.74; 95% CI, 0.56-0.96; P = .02). The median overall adherence rate with the ERAS protocol was 50.0% (IQR, 43.8%-62.5%), with the rate for ERAS facilities being 68.8% (IQR, 56.2%-81.2%) vs 50.0% (IQR, 37.5%-56.2%) at non-ERAS centers (P < .001). Among the patients with the highest and lowest quartiles of adherence to ERAS components, the patients with the highest adherence had fewer overall postoperative complications (144 [10.6%] vs 270 [13.0%]; OR, 0.80; 95% CI, 0.64-0.99; P < .001) and moderate to severe postoperative complications (59 [4.4%] vs 143 [6.9%]; OR, 0.62; 95% CI, 0.45-0.84; P < .001) and shorter median length of hospital stay (4 [IQR, 3-5] vs 5 [IQR, 4-6] days; OR, 0.97; 95% CI, 0.96-0.99; P < .001). Conclusions and Relevance: An increase in adherence to the ERAS program was associated with a decrease in postoperative complications, although only a few ERAS items were individually associated with improved outcomes.

2.
Br J Anaesth ; 124(1): 110-120, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31767144

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We aimed to examine whether using a high fraction of inspired oxygen (FIO2) in the context of an individualised intra- and postoperative open-lung ventilation approach could decrease surgical site infection (SSI) in patients scheduled for abdominal surgery. METHODS: We performed a multicentre, randomised controlled clinical trial in a network of 21 university hospitals from June 6, 2017 to July 19, 2018. Patients undergoing abdominal surgery were randomly assigned to receive a high (0.80) or conventional (0.3) FIO2 during the intraoperative period and during the first 3 postoperative hours. All patients were mechanically ventilated with an open-lung strategy, which included recruitment manoeuvres and individualised positive end-expiratory pressure for the best respiratory-system compliance, and individualised continuous postoperative airway pressure for adequate peripheral oxyhaemoglobin saturation. The primary outcome was the prevalence of SSI within the first 7 postoperative days. The secondary outcomes were composites of systemic complications, length of intensive care and hospital stay, and 6-month mortality. RESULTS: We enrolled 740 subjects: 371 in the high FIO2 group and 369 in the low FIO2 group. Data from 717 subjects were available for final analysis. The rate of SSI during the first postoperative week did not differ between high (8.9%) and low (9.4%) FIO2 groups (relative risk [RR]: 0.94; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.59-1.50; P=0.90]). Secondary outcomes, such as atelectasis (7.7% vs 9.8%; RR: 0.77; 95% CI: 0.48-1.25; P=0.38) and myocardial ischaemia (0.6% [n=2] vs 0% [n=0]; P=0.47) did not differ between groups. CONCLUSIONS: An oxygenation strategy using high FIO2 compared with conventional FIO2 did not reduce postoperative SSIs in abdominal surgery. No differences in secondary outcomes or adverse events were found. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT02776046.


Assuntos
Oxigênio/uso terapêutico , Respiração Artificial/métodos , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/prevenção & controle , Abdome/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Oxigênio/sangue , Oxiemoglobinas/análise , Oxiemoglobinas/metabolismo , Assistência Perioperatória , Respiração com Pressão Positiva , Medicina de Precisão , Atelectasia Pulmonar/epidemiologia , Atelectasia Pulmonar/etiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Acta Anaesthesiol Scand ; 64(4): 494-500, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31883373

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Postoperative delirium (POD) is a severe brain dysfunction. Although data indicate a high relevance, no survey has investigated the routine practice to monitor delirium outside the ICU setting after surgery. Prior to publishing of the new European Society of Anaesthesiology (ESA) guidelines on POD, an international survey was conducted to assess current practice. METHODS: European Society of Anaesthesiology-endorsed online survey; Trial Registration: NCT-identifier: 02513537. RESULTS: In total, 566 respondents from 62 countries accessed, and 564 (99.6%) completed the survey (completion rate). Overall, 385 (68%) of the respondents reported that delirium is either "very relevant" or "relevant" for their daily clinical practice. In all, 38 (7%) of the respondents routinely monitor for delirium in >50% of all patients. Asked on the monitoring time point, more than half (n = 308, 55%) indicated to screen before or at recovery room discharge, 235 (42%) up to the first postoperative day, 143 (25%) up to 3 days, and 77 (14%) up to 5 postoperative days. Although there is a lack of long-term monitoring, nearly all respondents (n = 530, 94%) reported to treat delirium. Availability of EEG/EMG-based monitoring to assess the depth of anaesthesia was high in the study group (n = 547, 97%) and was used by more than one-third of the respondents to reduce risk of burst suppression (n = 189, 34%). CONCLUSION: Although delirium is perceived as a relevant condition among anaesthesiologists, there is a high demand for implementing monitoring strategies after publishing of the POD Guideline. The survey shows that tools necessary for POD Guideline implementation are available in the centres represented by the respondents.

4.
Minerva Anestesiol ; 2019 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31808662

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs) negatively affect morbidity, healthcare costs and postsurgical survival. Preoperative and intraoperative peripheral oxyhemoglobin saturation (SpO2) levels are independent risk factors for postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs). The airtest assesses the value of SpO2 while breathing room air. We aimed at building a clinical score that includes the airtest for predicting the risk for PPCs. METHODS: This is a development and validation study in patients randomly divided into two cohorts from a large randomized clinical trial (iPROVE) that enrolled 964 intermediatetohigh risk patients scheduled for abdominal surgery. Arterial oxygenation was assessed on roomair in the preoperative period (preoperative airtest) and 3h after admission to the postoperative care unit (postoperative airtest). The airtest was defined as positive or negative if SpO2 was ≤96% or >96%, respectively. Positive airtests were stratified into weak (9396%) or strong (<93%). The primary outcome was a composite of moderatetosevere PPCs during the first seven post operative days. RESULTS: A total of 902 patients were included in the final analysis (542 in the development cohort and 360 in the validation cohort). Regression analysis identified five independent risk factors for PPC: age, type of surgery, pre and postoperative airtest, and atelectasis. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) was 0.79 (95% CI: 0.750.82) when including this five independent predictors. We built a simplified score termed "airtest score" by using only the pre and postoperative SpO2, resulting in an AUC of 0.72 (95% CI: 0.670.76) for the derivation and 0.72 (95% CI :0.660.78) for the validation cohort, respectively. The air test score stratified patients into four levels of risk, with PPCs ranging from <15% to >75%. CONCLUSIONS: The simple, noninvasive and inexpensive bedside airtest score, evaluating pre and postoperatively SpO2 measured on roomair, helps to predict the risk for PPCs.

6.
J Clin Monit Comput ; 2019 Sep 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31559523

RESUMO

The objective assessment of the radiculopathy secondary to lumbar disc herniation is essential to optimize treatment. The quantitative sensory test (QST) is a useful tool to evaluate somatosensory nerves. The aim of our study is quantifying by QST the alterations of patients treated by epidural injections (EI) or surgical lumbar decompression (LD). A prospective, cohort study has done in Hospital Universitario Rio Hortega, Valladolid, Spain, between January 2014 and December 2016.The study includes 74 patients (40 men) who underwent EI (50) or LD (24) with lumbar disc herniation and treated by EI or LD. Participants underwent a brief battery of QST at baseline and after 1, 3 and 6 months of follow-up. QST threshold were measured in three series of five warm and cold stimuli (cold detection threshold, warm detection threshold, cold pain threshold, heat pain threshold) bilateral. Additionally, pain assessment (Visual Analogue Scale) and neurological examination was performed. Thermal thresholds were analysed and compared. In the EI group, warm detection threshold (WDT) measurements were significantly lower after 3 and 6 months of follow-up (40.44 ± 3.42°C vs. 38.30 ± 3.73°C and 37.48 ± 4.58°C respectively, p = 0.031 and p = 0.043). LD group showed lower WDT measurements at 1, 3 and 6 months of follow up (40.20 ± 2.97°C vs., 37.98 ± 2.04°C, 37.43 ± 3.80°C and 36.55 ± 2.77°C respectively, p = 0.049, p = 0.032 and p = 0.024) and lower heat pain threshold (HPT) levels after 3 and 6 months of follow-up (48.75 ± 1.37°C vs. 43.26 ± 0.60°C and 42.06 ± 1.37°C respectively, p = 0.037 and p = 0.021). QST explorations were compared between both groups. At 1-month follow-up only the WDT parameter was different, higher in EI group (40.98 ± 4.04°C vs. 37.98 ± 2.04°C, p = 0.043). There were no differences in any parameter measured by QST after 3 and 6-months follow-up between both groups. Epidural injection should be considered the first-step of treatment.

7.
Turk J Anaesthesiol Reanim ; 47(3): 179-186, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31183463

RESUMO

Objective: The number of indications for total hip replacement (THR) and total knee replacement (TKR) surgery is increasing. Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) represents the next step in the evolution of standardised care. The primary aim of this study is to measure the in-hospital 30-day medical and surgical postoperative complications rate. The study's secondary aims are to determine the length of stay, 30-day mortality rate, 30-day reoperation and readmission rates, the ERAS overall compliance and predefined ERAS individual items compliance. Methods: This multicentre, prospective, observational study will include adult patients (aged >18 years) undergoing elective THR and TKR surgery. Consecutive patients undergoing surgery within the 2-month data collection period will be included. Centres that offer the THR and/or TKR surgery will be eligible to participate. The data collection will be done through an online data collection form via a secure, password-protected platform at each centre with predefined data fields. Results: Ethical approval for this study has been obtained from the Comité de Ética de la Investigación de la Comunidad Autónoma de Aragón (C.P.-C.I. PI18/135; on 23 May 2018). It was prospectively registered on 27 June 2018, at www.clinicaltrials.gov with identification no. NCT03570944. Conclusion: The study will be disseminated through the SPARN-RedGERM, SEDAR, GERM and through social media. Peer-reviewed publications will be published under corporate authorship, including POWER.2 Study Group and SPARN-RedGERM.

8.
JAMA Surg ; 2019 05 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31066889

RESUMO

Importance: Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) care has been reported to be associated with improvements in outcomes after colorectal surgery compared with traditional care. Objective: To determine the association between ERAS protocols and outcomes in patients undergoing elective colorectal surgery. Design, Setting, and Participants: The Postoperative Outcomes Within Enhanced Recovery After Surgery Protocol (POWER) Study is a multicenter, prospective cohort study of 2084 consecutive adults scheduled for elective colorectal surgery who received or did not receive care in a self-declared ERAS center. Patients were recruited from 80 Spanish centers between September 15 and December 15, 2017. All patients included in this analysis had 1 month of follow-up. Exposures: Colorectal surgery and perioperative management were the exposures. Twenty-two individual ERAS items were assessed in all patients, regardless of whether they were included in an established ERAS protocol. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary study outcome was moderate to severe postoperative complications within 30 days after surgery. Secondary outcomes included ERAS adherence, mortality, readmissions, reoperation rates, and hospital length of stay. Results: Between September 15 and December 15, 2017, 2084 patients were included in the study. Of these, 1286 individuals (61.7%) were men; mean age was 68 years (interquartile range [IQR], 59-77). A total of 879 patients (42.2%) presented with postoperative complications and 566 patients (27.2%) developed moderate to severe complications. The number of patients with moderate or severe complications was lower in the ERAS group (25.2% vs 30.3%; odds ratio [OR], 0.77; 95% CI, 0.63-0.94; P = .01). The overall rate of adherence to the ERAS protocol was 63.6% (IQR, 54.5%-77.3%), and the rate for patients from hospitals self-declared as ERAS was 72.7% (IQR, 59.1%-81.8%) vs non-ERAS institutions, which was 59.1% (IQR, 50.0%-63.6%; P < .001). Adherence quartiles among patients receiving the highest and lowest ERAS components showed that the patients with the highest adherence rates had fewer moderate to severe complications (OR, 0.34; 95% CI, 0.25-0.46; P < .001), overall complications (OR, 0.33; 95% CI, 0.26-0.43; P < .001), and mortality (OR, 0.27; 95% CI, 0.07-0.97; P = .06) compared with those who had the lowest adherence rates. Conclusions and Relevance: An increase in ERAS adherence appears to be associated with a decrease in postoperative complications.

9.
Crit Care ; 23(1): 140, 2019 Apr 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31018868

RESUMO

Overuse of empiric antibiotic therapy in the ICU is responsible for promoting the dissemination of multidrug-resistant (MDR) bacteria. Shortened antibiotic treatment duration could contribute to palliating the emergence of MDR. Uncertainty about patient evolution is a major concern for deciding to stop antibiotics. Biomarkers could represent a complementary tool to identify those patients for whom antibiotic treatment could be safely discontinued. The biomarker most extensively studied to guide antibiotic withdrawal is procalcitonin (PCT), but its real impact on decreasing the duration of antibiotic treatment is a matter of controversy. Combining biomarkers to rule out complicated outcomes in sepsis patients could represent a better option. Some candidate biomarkers, including mid-regional proadrenomedullin, the percentage of human leukocyte antigen DR (HLA-DR)-positive monocytes, means of fluorescence intensities of HLA-DR on monocytes, interleukin-7 receptor expression levels, immunoglobulin M levels in the serum or the absence of increased proteolysis, have already demonstrated the potential to exclude the risk of progression to septic shock, nosocomial infections, and mortality when tested along the sepsis course. Other promising biomarkers to rule out complicated outcomes are neutrophil protease activity, the adaptive/coagulopathic signatures identified by whole transcriptome analysis by Sweeney et al., and the SRS1 signature identified by Davenport et al. In conclusion, there are a number of promising biomarkers involved in proteolytic, vascular, immunological, and coagulation alterations that could be useful to build composed endotypes to predict uncomplicated outcomes in sepsis. These endotypes could help to identify patients deserving the discontinuation of antibiotics.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/administração & dosagem , Biomarcadores Farmacológicos/análise , Sepse/tratamento farmacológico , Fatores de Tempo , Adrenomedulina/análise , Adrenomedulina/sangue , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Biomarcadores Farmacológicos/sangue , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/organização & administração , Pró-Calcitonina/análise , Pró-Calcitonina/sangue , Precursores de Proteínas/análise , Precursores de Proteínas/sangue , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
BMJ Open ; 9(1): e023455, 2019 01 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30647034

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Postoperative morbidity and mortality in older patients with comorbidities undergoing gastrointestinal surgery are a major burden on healthcare systems. Infections after surgery are common in such patients, prolonging hospitalisation and reducing postoperative short-term and long-term survival. Optimal management of perioperative intravenous fluids and inotropic drugs may reduce infection rates and improve outcomes from surgery. Previous small trials of cardiac-output-guided haemodynamic therapy algorithms suggested a modest reduction in postoperative morbidity. A large definitive trial is needed to confirm or refute this and inform widespread clinical practice. METHODS: The Optimisation of Perioperative Cardiovascular Management to Improve Surgical Outcome II (OPTIMISE II) trial is a multicentre, international, parallel group, open, randomised controlled trial. 2502 high-risk patients undergoing major elective gastrointestinal surgery will be randomly allocated in a 1:1 ratio using minimisation to minimally invasive cardiac output monitoring to guide protocolised administration of intravenous fluid combined with low-dose inotrope infusion, or usual care. The trial intervention will be carried out during and for 4 hours after surgery. The primary outcome is postoperative infection of Clavien-Dindo grade II or higher within 30 days of randomisation. Participants and those delivering the intervention will not be blinded to treatment allocation; however, outcome assessors will be blinded when feasible. Participant recruitment started in January 2017 and is scheduled to last 3 years, within 50 hospitals worldwide. ETHICS/DISSEMINATION: The OPTIMISE II trial has been approved by the UK National Research Ethics Service and has been approved by responsible ethics committees in all participating countries. The findings will be disseminated through publication in a widely accessible peer-reviewed scientific journal. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: ISRCTN39653756.


Assuntos
Cardiotônicos/administração & dosagem , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Digestório/métodos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Idoso , Feminino , Hidratação , Humanos , Infusões Intravenosas , Masculino , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
12.
Ann Surg ; 269(3): 545-553, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28692472

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To quantify immunological dysfunction in surgical patients with presence/absence of sepsis using a droplet digital polymerase chain reaction (ddPCR) transcriptomic analysis. The study also aims to evaluate this approach for improving identification of sepsis in these patients. BACKGROUND: Immune dysregulation is a central event in sepsis. Quantification of the expression of immunological genes participating in the pathogenesis of sepsis could represent a new avenue to improve its diagnosis. METHODS: Expression of 6 neutrophil protease genes (MMP8, OLFM4, LCN2/NGAL, LTF, PRTN3, MPO) and also of 5 genes involved in the immunological synapse (HLA-DRA, CD40LG, CD3E, CD28, ICOS) was quantified in blood from 101 surgical patients with sepsis, 53 uninfected surgical patients, and 16 blood donors by using ddPCR. Areas under receiver operating characteristic curves (AUROC) and multivariate regression analysis were employed to test individual genes and gene ratios to identify sepsis, in comparison with procalcitonin. RESULTS: Sepsis-induced overexpression of neutrophil protease genes and depressed expression of immunological synapse genes. MMP8/HLA-DRA, LCN2/HLA-DRA outperformed procalcitonin in differentiating between patients with sepsis and surgical controls in the AUROC analysis: LCN2/HLA-DRA: 0.90 (0.85-0.96), MMP8/HLA-DRA: 0.89 (0.84-0.95), procalcitonin: 0.80 (0.73-0.88) (AUROC, confidence interval 95%), and also in the multivariate analysis: LCN2/HLA-DRA: 8.57 (2.25-32.62); MMP8/HLA-DRA: 8.03 (2.10-30.76), procalcitonin: 4.20 (1.15-15.43) [odds ratio (confidence interval 95%)]. Gene expression levels of HLA-DRA were an independent marker of hospital mortality. CONCLUSIONS: Quantifying the transcriptomic ratios MMP8/HLA-DRA, LCN2/HLA-DRA by ddPCR is a promising approach to improve sepsis diagnosis in surgical patients.


Assuntos
Doenças do Sistema Imunitário/diagnóstico , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase/métodos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Sepse/diagnóstico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores/sangue , Feminino , Marcadores Genéticos , Humanos , Doenças do Sistema Imunitário/sangue , Doenças do Sistema Imunitário/etiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/sangue , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/imunologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Análise de Regressão , Sepse/sangue , Sepse/etiologia , Sepse/imunologia
13.
J Clin Monit Comput ; 33(5): 879-885, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30506299

RESUMO

Epidural maintenance technique for labour analgesia updates constantly. Thanks to infusion pumps, the recently developed programmed intermittent epidural bolus (PIEB) may reduce the use of anesthetic drugs and minimize unintended consequences such as cardio or neurotoxicity. Nevertheless, it is not yet a general practice. So far, there are no comparative studies in the literature that address levobupivacaine-based CEI + PCEA versus CEI + PIEB + PCEA. A randomized double-blind trial was carried out to evaluate if PIEB could reduce local anesthetic use compare to PCEA. Primiparous pregnant patients were divided into two groups: PIEB group (continuous infusion plus intermittent automatic doses) and PCEA group (continuous infusion plus PCEA). The primary objective was to analyze the differences between both groups regarding levobupivacaine total dose. The secondary objectives were to find out the differences concerning pain control, motor blockage, satisfaction score, labour time and delivery outcomes. Statistical analyses were done by protocol. The study recruited 200 patients (103 PIEB, 97 PCEA). The total dose administered was significantly higher in PIEB group: PCEA group 52.97 mg, IC 95% 45.65-60.28 mg and PIEB group 62.04 mg, IC 95% 55.46-68.61 mg (p = 0.021). PIEB group required fewer top up boluses (median value1; range 0-2) than CEI + PCEA group (median value 6; range 3-9) p < 0.05. Satisfaction scores were higher in PIEB group (p = 0.039, CI 95% 1.23-1.42). CEI + PIEB was found to be a good alternative to CEI + PCEA with very high rates of satisfaction in both groups although it was higher in PIEB group. PIEB group required fewer PCEA boluses. Further studies are needed to determine the best approach for epidural pain management.Clinical Trial Number and Registry URL: NCT03133091 ( https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT03133091?term=MB+Rodriguez&rank=1) .

14.
Sci Rep ; 8(1): 11999, 2018 08 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30097607

RESUMO

Early recognition of sepsis is a key factor to improve survival to this disease in surgical patients, since it allows prompt control of the infectious source. Combining pro-inflammatory and immunosupression biomarkers could represent a good strategy to improve sepsis detection. Here we evaluated the combination of procalcitonin (PCT) with gene expression levels of HLA-DRA to detect sepsis in a cohort of 154 surgical patients (101 with sepsis and 53 with no infection). HLA-DRA expression was quantified using droplet digital PCR, a next-generation PCR technology. Area under the receiver operating curve analysis (AUROC) showed that the PCT/HLA-DRA ratio outperformed PCT to detect sepsis (AUROC [CI95%], p): PCT: 0.80 [0.73-0.88], <0.001; PCT/HLA-DRA: 0.85 [0.78-0.91], <0.001. In the multivariate analysis, the ratio showed a superior ability to predict sepsis compared to that of PCT (OR [CI 95%], p): PCT/HLA-DRA: 7.66 [1.82-32.29], 0.006; PCT: 4.21 [1.15-15.43] 0.030. Multivariate analysis was confirmed using a new surgical cohort with 74 sepsis patients and 21 controls: PCT/HLA-DRA: 34.86 [1.22-995.08], 0.038; PCT: 5.52 [0.40-75.78], 0.201. In conclusion, the combination of PCT with HLA-DRA is a promising strategy for improving sepsis detection in surgical patients.

16.
Intensive Care Med ; 44(3): 281-299, 2018 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29411044

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Hand-held vital microscopes (HVMs) were introduced to observe sublingual microcirculatory alterations at the bedside in different shock states in critically ill patients. This consensus aims to provide clinicians with guidelines for practical use and interpretation of the sublingual microcirculation. Furthermore, it aims to promote the integration of routine application of HVM microcirculatory monitoring in conventional hemodynamic monitoring of systemic hemodynamic variables. METHODS: In accordance with the Delphi method we organized three international expert meetings to discuss the various aspects of the technology, physiology, measurements, and clinical utility of HVM sublingual microcirculatory monitoring to formulate this consensus document. A task force from the Cardiovascular Dynamics Section of the European Society of Intensive Care Medicine (with endorsement of its Executive Committee) created this consensus as an update of a previous consensus in 2007. We classified consensus statements as definitions, requirements, and/or recommendations, with a minimum requirement of 80% agreement of all participants. RESULTS: In this consensus the nature of microcirculatory alterations is described. The nature of variables, which can be extracted from analysis of microcirculatory images, is presented and the needed dataset of variables to identify microcirculatory alterations is defined. Practical aspects of sublingual HVM measurements and the nature of artifacts are described. Eleven statements were formulated that pertained to image acquisitions and quality statements. Fourteen statements addressed the analysis of the images, and 13 statements are related to future developments. CONCLUSION: This consensus describes 25 statements regarding the acquisition and interpretation of microcirculatory images needed to guide the assessment of the microcirculation in critically ill patients.


Assuntos
Estado Terminal , Microcirculação , Consenso , Cuidados Críticos , Humanos , Soalho Bucal/irrigação sanguínea
17.
Crit Care Med ; 46(6): 892-899, 2018 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29420341

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Overall mortality in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome is a composite endpoint because it includes death from multiple causes. In most acute respiratory distress syndrome trials, it is unknown whether reported deaths are due to acute respiratory distress syndrome or the underlying disease, unrelated to the specific intervention tested. We investigated the causes of death after contracting acute respiratory distress syndrome in a large cohort. DESIGN: A secondary analysis from three prospective, multicenter, observational studies. SETTING: A network of multidisciplinary ICUs. PATIENTS: We studied 778 patients with moderate-to-severe acute respiratory distress syndrome treated with lung-protective ventilation. INTERVENTIONS: None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: We examined death in the ICU from individual causes. Overall ICU mortality was 38.8% (95% CI, 35.4-42.3). Causes of acute respiratory distress syndrome modified the risk of death. Twenty-three percent of deaths occurred from refractory hypoxemia due to nonresolving acute respiratory distress syndrome. Most patients died from causes unrelated to acute respiratory distress syndrome: 48.7% of nonsurvivors died from multisystem organ failure, and cancer or brain injury was involved in 37.1% of deaths. When quantifying the true burden of acute respiratory distress syndrome outcome, we identified 506 patients (65.0%) with one or more exclusion criteria for enrollment into current interventional trials. Overall ICU mortality of the "trial cohort" (21.3%) was markedly lower than the parent cohort (relative risk, 0.55; 95% CI, 0.43-0.70; p < 0.000001). CONCLUSIONS: Most deaths in acute respiratory distress syndrome patients are not directly related to lung damage but to extrapulmonary multisystem organ failure. It would be challenging to prove that specific lung-directed therapies have an effect on overall survival.


Assuntos
Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto/métodos , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório do Adulto/mortalidade , Causas de Morte , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório do Adulto/etiologia
18.
Lancet Respir Med ; 6(3): 193-203, 2018 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29371130

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The effects of individualised perioperative lung-protective ventilation (based on the open-lung approach [OLA]) on postoperative complications is unknown. We aimed to investigate the effects of intraoperative and postoperative ventilatory management in patients scheduled for abdominal surgery, compared with standard protective ventilation. METHODS: We did this prospective, multicentre, randomised controlled trial in 21 teaching hospitals in Spain. We enrolled patients who were aged 18 years or older, were scheduled to have abdominal surgery with an expected time of longer than 2 h, had intermediate-to-high-risk of developing postoperative pulmonary complications, and who had a body-mass index less than 35 kg/m2. Patients were randomly assigned (1:1:1:1) online to receive one of four lung-protective ventilation strategies using low tidal volume plus positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP): open-lung approach (OLA)-iCPAP (individualised intraoperative ventilation [individualised PEEP after a lung recruitment manoeuvre] plus individualised postoperative continuous positive airway pressure [CPAP]), OLA-CPAP (intraoperative individualised ventilation plus postoperative CPAP), STD-CPAP (standard intraoperative ventilation plus postoperative CPAP), or STD-O2 (standard intraoperative ventilation plus standard postoperative oxygen therapy). Patients were masked to treatment allocation. Investigators were not masked in the operating and postoperative rooms; after 24 h, data were given to a second investigator who was masked to allocations. The primary outcome was a composite of pulmonary and systemic complications during the first 7 postoperative days. We did the primary analysis using the modified intention-to-treat population. This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT02158923. FINDINGS: Between Jan 2, 2015, and May 18, 2016, we enrolled 1012 eligible patients. Data were available for 967 patients, whom we included in the final analysis. Risk of pulmonary and systemic complications did not differ for patients in OLA-iCPAP (110 [46%] of 241, relative risk 0·89 [95% CI 0·74-1·07; p=0·25]), OLA-CPAP (111 [47%] of 238, 0·91 [0·76-1·09; p=0·35]), or STD-CPAP groups (118 [48%] of 244, 0·95 [0·80-1·14; p=0·65]) when compared with patients in the STD-O2 group (125 [51%] of 244). Intraoperatively, PEEP was increased in 69 (14%) of patients in the standard perioperative ventilation groups because of hypoxaemia, and no patients from either of the OLA groups required rescue manoeuvres. INTERPRETATION: In patients who have major abdominal surgery, the different perioperative open lung approaches tested in this study did not reduce the risk of postoperative complications when compared with standard lung-protective mechanical ventilation. FUNDING: Instituto de Salud Carlos III of the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness, and Grants Programme of the European Society of Anaesthesiology.


Assuntos
Abdome/cirurgia , Assistência Perioperatória/métodos , Respiração com Pressão Positiva/métodos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Respiração Artificial/métodos , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Pulmão/fisiopatologia , Pulmão/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Respiração com Pressão Positiva/efeitos adversos , Estudos Prospectivos , Respiração Artificial/efeitos adversos , Espanha , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Expert Rev Clin Pharmacol ; 11(2): 125-137, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29219627

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Effective resuscitation with human albumin solutions is achieved with less fluid than with crystalloid solutions. However, the role of albumin in today's critical care unit is also linked to its multiple pharmacological effects. Areas covered: The potential clinical benefits of albumin in select populations of critically ill patients like sepsis seem related to immunomodulatory and anti-inflammatory effects, antibiotic transportation and endothelial stabilization. Albumin transports many drugs used in critically ill patients. Such binding to albumin is frequently lessened in critically ill patients with hypoalbuminemia. These changes could result in sub-optimal treatment. Albumin has immunomodulatory capacity by binding several bacterial products. Albumin also influences vascular integrity, contributing to the maintenance of the normal capillary permeability. Moreover, the albumin molecule encompasses several antioxidant properties, thereby significantly reducing re-oxygenation injury, which is especially important in sepsis. In fact, most studies of albumin administration are a combination of a degree of resuscitation with a degree of maintenance or supplementation of albumin. Expert commentary: The potential clinical benefits of the use of albumin in selected critically ill patients such as sepsis seem related to its immunomodulatory and anti-inflammatory effects, antioxidant properties, antibiotic transportation and endothelial stabilization. Additional studies are warranted to further elucidate the underlying physiologic and molecular rationale.


Assuntos
Estado Terminal , Sepse/tratamento farmacológico , Albumina Sérica Humana/administração & dosagem , Animais , Soluções Cristaloides , Humanos , Hipoalbuminemia/tratamento farmacológico , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Soluções Isotônicas/administração & dosagem , Soluções Isotônicas/farmacologia , Ressuscitação/métodos , Sepse/fisiopatologia , Albumina Sérica Humana/farmacologia
20.
BMJ Open ; 7(7): e016765, 2017 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28760799

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Surgical site infection (SSI) is a serious postoperative complication that increases morbidity and healthcare costs. SSIs tend to increase as the partial pressure of tissue oxygen decreases: previous trials have focused on trying to reduce them by comparing high versus conventional inspiratory oxygen fractions (FIO2) in the perioperative period but did not use a protocolised ventilatory strategy. The open-lung ventilatory approach restores functional lung volume and improves gas exchange, and therefore it may increase the partial pressure of tissue oxygen for a given FIO2. The trial presented here aims to compare the efficacy of high versus conventional FIO2 in reducing the overall incidence of SSIs in patients by implementing a protocolised and individualised global approach to perioperative open-lung ventilation. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This is a comparative, prospective, multicentre, randomised and controlled two-arm trial that will include 756 patients scheduled for abdominal surgery. The patients will be randomised into two groups: (1) a high FIO2 group (80% oxygen; FIO2 of 0.80) and (2) a conventional FIO2 group (30% oxygen; FIO2 of 0.30). Each group will be assessed intra- and postoperatively. The primary outcome is the appearance of postoperative SSI complications. Secondary outcomes are the appearance of systemic and pulmonary complications. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The iPROVE-O2 trial has been approved by the Ethics Review Board at the reference centre (the Hospital Clínico Universitario in Valencia). Informed consent will be obtained from all patients before their participation. If the approach using high FIO2 during individualised open-lung ventilation decreases SSIs, use of this method will become standard practice for patients scheduled for future abdominal surgery. Publication of the results is anticipated in early 2019. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT02776046; Pre-results.


Assuntos
Abdome/cirurgia , Pulmão/fisiopatologia , Oxigênio/administração & dosagem , Respiração Artificial/métodos , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/prevenção & controle , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Assistência Perioperatória , Estudos Prospectivos , Respiração Artificial/efeitos adversos
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA