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1.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 11(7): 2630-2636, 2020 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32178515

RESUMO

In this work, we report a comparative study of the gamma ray stability of perovskite solar cells based on a series of perovskite absorbers including MAPbI3 (MA = methylammonium), MAPbBr3, Cs0.15FA0.85PbI3 (FA = formamidinim), Cs0.1MA0.15FA0.75PbI3, CsPbI3, and CsPbBr3. We reveal that the composition of the perovskite material strongly affects the radiation stability of the solar cells. In particular, solar cells based on the MAPbI3 were found to be the most resistant to gamma rays since this perovskite undergoes rapid self-healing due to the special gas-phase chemistry analyzed with ab initio calculations. The fact that the solar cells based on MAPbI3 can withstand a 1000 kRad gamma ray dose without any noticeable degradation of the photovoltaic properties is particularly exciting and shifts the paradigm of research in this field toward designing more dynamic rather than intrinsically robust (e.g., inorganic) materials.

2.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 230: 118041, 2020 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31955116

RESUMO

Photochromic molecules which can absorb and emit light within the "biological window" (650-1450 nm) are of great interest for using in various important biomedical applications such as bio-imaging, photopharmacology, targeted drug delivery, etc. Here we present three new indoline spiropyrans containing conjugated cationic fragments and halogen substituents in the 2H-chromene moiety which were synthesized by a simple one-pot method. The molecular structure of the obtained compounds was confirmed by FT-IR, 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy (including 2D methods), HRMS, elemental and single crystal X-ray analysis. Photochemical studies revealed the photochromic activity of spiropyrans at room temperature which caused photoswitchable fluorescence in the near-IR region after UV-irradiation. While the spirocyclic forms of compounds demonstrated absorption bands in the UV-Vis spectra with maxima in the visible region at about 445 nm and were not fluorescent, the photogenerated merocyanine isomers absorbed in the near-IR range at 708-738 nm and emitted at 768-791 nm. It was found that compound 1a with fluorine substituent possesses the most red-shifted absorption and emission bands of merocyanine form among all the known photochromic spiropyrans with maxima at 738 and 791 nm correspondingly. TD DFT calculations have shown that the longest wavelength absorption maxima of the merocyanine forms correspond to S0-S1 transitions of the isomers with at least one trans-trans-trans-configured vinylindolium fragment which brings them closer to cyanine-like structure and causes an appearance of the absorption and emission bands in the near-IR region.

3.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 11(1): 221-228, 2020 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31814411

RESUMO

Herein, we reveal for the first time a comprehensive mechanism of poorly investigated electrochemical decomposition of CH3NH3PbI3 using a set of microscopy techniques (optical, AFM, PL) and ToF-SIMS. We demonstrate that applied electric bias induces the oxidation of I- to I2, which remains trapped in the film in the form of polyiodides, and hence, the process can be conceivably reversed by reduction. On the contrary, reduction of organic methylammonium cation produces volatile products, which leave the film and thus make the degradation irreversible. Our results lead to a paradigm change when considering design principles for improving the stability of complex lead halide materials as those featuring organic cations rather than halide anions as the most electric field-sensitive components. Suppressing the electrochemical degradation of complex lead halides represents a crucial challenge, which should be addressed in order to bring the operational stability of perovskite photovoltaics to commercially interesting benchmarks.

4.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 11(1): 333-339, 2020 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31838849

RESUMO

We report the first systematic assessment of intrinsic photothermal stability of a large panel of complex lead halides APbX3 incorporating different univalent cations (A = CH3NH3+, [NH2CHNH2]+, Cs+) and halogen anions (X = Br, I) using a series of analytical techniques such as UV-vis and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, EDX analysis, atomic force and scanning electron microscopy, ESR spectroscopy, and mass spectrometry. We show that heat stress and light soaking induce a severe degradation of perovskite films even in the absence of oxygen and moisture. The stability of complex lead halides increases in the order MAPbBr3 < MAPbI3 < FAPbI3 < FAPbBr3 < CsPbI3 < CsPbBr3, thus featuring all-inorganic perovskites as the most promising absorbers for stable perovskite solar cells. An important correlation was found between the stability of the complex lead halides and the volatility of univalent cation halides incorporated in their structure. The established relationship provides useful guidelines for designing new complex metal halides with immensely improved stability.

5.
Nitric Oxide ; 94: 69-72, 2020 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31678147

RESUMO

The effects of deoxyhemoglobin (Hb) and albumin on the NO-donor activity of the anionic tetranitrosyl iron complex with thiosulfate ligands (1) were studied for the first time. It was shown that Hb significantly stabilizes complex 1; in its presence, NO generation from the complex proceeds at a noticeably slower rate. A similar effect is observed when complex 1 is bound to albumin, in which case complex 1 decomposes 27 times slower than in the absence of albumin in the solution. The observed effects provide a prolonged action of complex 1 as NO-donor, which may enhance its potential pharmacological efficacy.

6.
Inorg Chem ; 58(24): 16434-16444, 2019 Dec 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31749359

RESUMO

Accurate determination of the spin Hamiltonian parameters in transition-metal complexes with large zero-field splitting (ZFS) is an actual challenge in studying magnetic and spectroscopic properties of high-spin transition metal complexes. Recent critical papers have convincingly shown that previous determinations of these parameters, based only on the magnetic data, have low accuracy and reliability. A combination of X-band electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy and SQUID magnetometry seems to be a more convincing and accurate approach. However, even in this case, the accuracy of the determination of the spin Hamiltonian parameters is strongly limited. In this work, we propose a purely spectroscopic approach, in which three complementary EPR spectroscopic techniques are used to unambiguously with high accuracy determine the spin Hamiltonian parameters for transition-metal complexes with S = 3/2. The applicability of this approach is demonstrated by analyzing the new quasi-octahedral high-spin Co(II) complex [Co(hfac)2(bpy)] (I). Along with the conventional X-band EPR spectroscopy, we also use such advanced techniques as multi-high-frequency EPR spectroscopy (MHF-EPR) and frequency-domain Fourier-transform THz-EPR (FD-FT THz-EPR). We demonstrate that the experimental data derived from the X-band and MHF-EPR EPR spectra allow determination of the g tensor (gx = 2.388, gy = 2.417, gz = 2.221) and the ZFS rhombicity parameter E/D = 0.158. The axial ZFS parameter D = 37.1 cm-1 is measured for I with the aid of FD-FT THZ-EPR spectroscopy, which is able to detect the high-energy EPR transition between the two Kramers doublets. CASSCF/NEVPT2 quantum-chemical calculations of magnetic parameters and magnetic direct current (dc) measurements are performed as well as testing options, and the results obtained in these ways are in good agreement with those derived using the proposed spectroscopic approach.

7.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 21(30): 16751-16761, 2019 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31322638

RESUMO

In the context of the decisive role that vibronic interactions play in the functioning of molecular quantum cellular automata, in this article we give a comparative analysis of the two alternative vibronic approaches to the evaluation of the key functional characteristics of molecular cells. Semiclassical Born-Oppenheimer approximation and quantum mechanical evaluations of the vibronic energy pattern, electronic density distributions and cell-cell response function are performed for two-electron square-planar mixed valence molecular cells subjected to the action of a molecular driver. Special emphasis is put on the description of the cell-cell response function, which describes strong non-linearity as a prerequisite for the effective action of quantum cellular automata. Comparison of results obtained within the semiclassical and quantum-mechanical approaches has revealed a drastic difference between the shapes of the cell-cell response functions evaluated within these two approaches in the case of moderate vibronic coupling when the energy levels of the square cell interacting with a weakly polarized driver undergo large tunneling splitting in shallow adiabatic potential minima. In contrast, in the limits of strong vibronic coupling (a double-well adiabatic potential with deep minima) and weak vibronic coupling (a single well adiabatic potential) the adiabatic approximation is shown to describe the cell-cell response function with rather good accuracy.


Assuntos
Nanotecnologia/métodos , Teoria Quântica , Nanotecnologia/instrumentação , Vibração
8.
Dalton Trans ; 48(20): 6960-6970, 2019 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31041973

RESUMO

A coordination compound with the composition [CoLCl2]·H2O (L = bis-condensation product of diacetyl and 2-hydrazinyl-4,6-dimethylpyrimidine) was synthesized, in which the Co(ii) ion was hexacoordinated. Under applied DC fields, this compound exhibited single-ion magnet behavior. Two relaxation processes were observed when increasing the applied magnetic field from 1000 to 3200 Oe. The first relaxation (high-frequency) was observed both at 1000 Oe and 3200 Oe, while the second relaxation was only registered under a field of 3200 Oe at low frequencies (<1 Hz) and low temperatures (<5 K). Modeling of the magnetic DC properties using the Griffith Hamiltonian accompanied by quantum chemical calculations revealed easy-axis-type magnetic anisotropy with weak rhombic contributions.

9.
J Phys Chem A ; 122(45): 8931-8937, 2018 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30359039

RESUMO

Previously unknown the steric heavy atom effect on magnetic anisotropy parameters of triplet phenyl nitrenes is reported. The heavy bromine atom effect is revealed by W-band EPR and theoretical investigations of triplet 2,4,6-tribromophenyl nitrenes bearing different substituents in positions 3 and 5 of the phenyl ring (1a, H/H; 1b, CN/CN; 1c, N3/F; 1d, N3/N3; 1e, Cl/Cl; 1f, Br/Br). The zero-field splitting parameters of nitrenes 1a ( D = 0.9930 cm-1, E = 0.0261 cm-1), 1c ( D = 1.244 cm-1, E = 0.030 cm-1), and 1d ( D = 1.369 cm-1, E = 0.093 cm-1), generated by the photolysis of the corresponding azides in frozen methylcyclohexane solution at 5 K, were determined from the W-band EPR spectra. To clarify the origin of considerable differences in the experimental D values of nitrenes 1a, 1c, and 1d, extensive DFT and CASSCF calculations of these nitrenes as well as of model nitrenes 1b, 1e, and 1f were performed. The calculations show that all nitrenes have nearly the same magnitudes of the spin-spin interactions ( DSS ∼ 1 cm-1), but drastically differ in the spin-orbit coupling parameter (from DSOC = 0.087 cm-1 for 1a to DSOC = 0.765 cm-1 for 1f). Comprehensive analysis of various computational data showed that the magnitude of DSOC of nitrenes 1a-f is the function of the N···Br distance between the nitrene nitrogen and the neighboring bromine atoms. The more bulky substituents are located in positions 3 and 5 of nitrenes 1a-1f, the smaller the N--Br distance and the larger DSOC. These features indicate that the heavy atom effect on magnetic anisotropy of triplet phenyl nitrenes originates from the through-space rather than through-bond electronic interactions between the bromine atoms and the nitrene unit.

10.
Dalton Trans ; 47(34): 11788-11805, 2018 Aug 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29855645

RESUMO

In this article, we report our development of a vibronic model for the electric-field control of antiferromagnetic superexchange in the mixed-valence (MV) triferrocenium complex FeIII-FeII-FeIII proposed as a possible candidate for the molecular implementation of a quantum logic gate. Along with the electronic interactions, such as electron transfer between the iron ions in different oxidation degrees and Coulomb repulsion of the extra holes, the proposed model of the triferrocenium complex also takes into account the vibronic coupling as an inherent ingredient of the problem of mixed valency. The latter is described by the conventional Piepho-Krauzs-Shatz (PKS) model adapted to the linear disposition of the redox sites in the trimeric FeIII-FeII-FeIII complex, which gives a clear insight into the degree of delocalization in mixed-valence compounds. By introducing symmetry adapted molecular vibrations composed of the local "breathing" displacements, the three-mode vibronic problem is reduced to a two-mode problem involving interaction with the even and odd molecular vibrations of the linear centrosymmetric complex. The vibronic coupling was shown to play a key role in the degree of localization of the two holes among the three iron centers. This was shown to produce a pronounced influence on the electric-field dependences of the electronic-density distributions and electrically switchable magnetic exchange in the considered linear triferrocenium complex. In particular, it was shown that the vibronic coupling significantly influences the field-induced stepwise transformation FeIII-FeII-FeIII ↔ FeIII-FeIII-FeII, increasing the abruptness of the field dependencies of the singlet-triplet gap and the hole densities, which are of primary importance for the switching function.

11.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 19(38): 26098-26106, 2017 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28929159

RESUMO

In this paper, we propose a toy model to describe the magnetic coupling between the localized spins mediated by the itinerant electron in partially delocalized mixed-valence (MV) systems. This minimal model takes into account the key interactions that are common for all such systems, namely, electron transfer in the valence-delocalized moiety and magnetic exchange between the localized spins and the delocalized electrons. The proposed descriptive model is exactly solvable which allows us to qualitatively and quantitatively discuss the main features of the whole class of partially delocalized MV systems. In the case of relatively strong exchange coupling, the combined action of these two interactions is shown to give rise to a specific kind of double exchange coupling termed here as "external core" double exchange. In the opposite case of relatively strong electron transfer, the general Hamiltonian is shown to be reduced to the effective Hamiltonian of indirect exchange of the localized spins. We argue a possibility to efficiently control the magnetic coupling of the localized spins using an external electric field acting on the delocalized part of the system. Finally, we discuss the perspectives of the present model for molecular spintronics and spin qubits.

12.
Inorg Chem ; 56(16): 9547-9554, 2017 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28771336

RESUMO

As part of the search for systems in which control of quantum entanglement can be achieved, here we consider the paramagnetic mixed valence polyoxometalate K2Na6[GeV14O40]·10H2O in which two electrons are delocalized over the 14 vanadium ions. Applying a homogeneous electric field can induce an antiferromagnetic coupling between the two delocalized electronic spins that behave independently in the absence of the field. On the basis of the proposed theoretical model, we show that the external field can be used to generate controllable quantum entanglement between the two electronic spins traveling over a vanadium network of mixed valence polyoxoanion [GeV14O40]8-. Within a simplified two-level picture of the energy pattern of the electronic pair based on the previous ab initio analysis, we evaluate the temperature and field dependencies of concurrence and thus indicate that the entanglement can be controlled via the temperature, magnitude, and orientation of the electric field with respect to molecular axes of [GeV14O40]8-.

13.
Dalton Trans ; 46(23): 7540-7548, 2017 Jun 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28573307

RESUMO

We report a combined experimental characterization and theoretical modeling of the hexa-coordinated high-spin Co(ii) complex cis-[Co(hfac)2(H2O)2] (I). The magnetic static field (DC) data and EPR spectra (measurements were carried out on the powder samples of diluted samples cis-[Co0.02Zn0.98 (hfac)2(H2O)2]) were analyzed with the aid of the parametric Griffith Hamiltonian for the high-spin Co(ii) supported by the ab initio calculations of the crystal field (CF) parameters, g-factors and superexchange parameters between H-bonded Co(ii) ions in the neighboring molecules in a 1D network. This analysis suggests the presence of the easy axis of magnetic anisotropy and also shows the existence of a significant rhombic component. The detected frequency dependent (AC) susceptibility signal shows that complex I exhibits slow paramagnetic relaxation in the applied DC field belonging thus to the class of non-uniaxial field induced single ion magnets with a negative axial component of anisotropy. It is demonstrated that the main contributions to the relaxation come from the direct one-phonon process dominating at low temperatures, while the contribution of the two-phonon Raman process becomes important with increasing temperature.

14.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 8(49): 33732-33740, 2016 Dec 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27960432

RESUMO

Although the theoretical capacitance of MnO2 is 1370 F g-1 based on the Mn3+/Mn4+ redox couple, most of the reported capacitances in literature are far below the theoretical value even when the material goes to nanoscale. To understand this discrepancy, in this work, the electrochemical behavior and charge storage mechanism of K+-inserted α-MnO2 (or KxMnO2) nanorod arrays in broad potential windows are investigated. It is found that electrochemical behavior of KxMnO2 is highly dependent on the potential window. During cyclic voltammetry cycling in a broad potential window, K+ ions can be replaced by Na+ ions, which determines the pseudocapacitance of the electrode. The K+ or Na+ ions cannot be fully extracted when the upper cutoff potential is less than 1 V vs Ag/AgCl, which retards the release of full capacitance. As the cyclic voltammetry potential window is extended to 0-1.2 V, enhanced specific capacitance can be obtained with the emerging of new redox peaks. In contrast, the K+-free α-MnO2 nanorod arrays show no redox peaks in the same potential window together with much lower specific capacitance. This work provides new insights on understanding the charge storage mechanism of MnO2 and new strategy to further improve the specific capacitance of MnO2-based electrodes.

15.
Inorg Chem ; 55(19): 9696-9706, 2016 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27632142

RESUMO

In this article we report the synthesis and structure of the new Co(II) complex Et4N[CoII(hfac)3] (I) (hfac = hexafluoroacetylacetonate) exhibiting single-ion magnet (SIM) behavior. The performed analysis of the magnetic characteristics based on the complementary experimental techniques such as static and dynamic magnetic measurements, electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy in conjunction with the theoretical modeling (parametric Hamiltonian and ab initio calculations) demonstrates that the SIM properties of I arise from the nonuniaxial magnetic anisotropy with strong positive axial and significant rhombic contributions.

16.
Inorg Chem ; 55(7): 3566-75, 2016 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26974224

RESUMO

In view of a wide perspective of 3d-4f complexes in single-molecule magnetism, here we propose an explanation of the magnetic behavior of the two thiacalix[4]arene tetranuclear heterometallic complexes Mn(II)2Gd(III)2 and Co(II)2Eu(III)2. The energy pattern of the Mn(II)2Gd(III)2 complex evaluated in the framework of the isotropic exchange model exhibits a rotational band of the low-lying spin excitations within which the Landé intervals are affected by the biquadratic spin-spin interactions. The nonmonotonic temperature dependence of the χT product observed for the Mn(II)2Gd(III)2 complex is attributed to the competitive influence of the ferromagnetic Mn-Gd and antiferromagnetic Mn-Mn exchange interactions, the latter being stronger (J(Mn, Mn) = -1.6 cm(-1), Js(Mn, Gd) = 0.8 cm(-1), g = 1.97). The model for the Co(II)2Eu(III)2 complex includes uniaxial anisotropy of the seven-coordinate Co(II) ions and an isotropic exchange interaction in the Co(II)2 pair, while the Eu(III) ions are diamagnetic in their ground states. Best-fit analysis of χT versus T showed that the anisotropic contribution (arising from a large zero-field splitting in Co(II) ions) dominates (weak-exchange limit) in the Co(II)2Eu(III)2 complex (D = 20.5 cm(-1), J = -0.4 cm(-1), gCo = 2.22). This complex is concluded to exhibit an easy plane of magnetization (arising from the Co(II) pair). It is shown that the low-lying part of the spectrum can be described by a highly anisotropic effective spin-(1)/2 Hamiltonian that is deduced for the Co(II)2 pair in the weak-exchange limit.

17.
Beilstein J Org Chem ; 11: 2179-88, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26664640

RESUMO

A series of derivatives of 2-hetaryl-1,3-tropolone (ß-tropolone) was prepared by the acid-catalyzed reaction of 2-methylbenzoxazoles, 2-methylbenzothiazoles and 2,3,3-trimethylindoline with 3,4,5,6-tetrachloro-1,2-benzoquinone. The molecular structures of the three representative compounds were determined by X-ray crystallography. In crystal and (as shown by the DFT PBE0/6-311+G** calculations) in solution, 2-hetaryl-4,5,6,7-tetrachloro- and 2-hetaryl-5,6,7-trichloro-1,3-tropolones exist in the NH-tautomeric form with a strong resonance-assisted intramolecular N-H···O hydrogen bond. The mechanism of the formation of 1,3-tropolones in the reaction of methylene-active five-membered heterocycles with o-chloranil in acetic acid solution has been studied using density functional theory (DFT) methods. The reaction of 2-(2-benzoxa(thia)zolyl)-5,6,7-trichloro(4,5,6,7-tetrachloro)-1,3-tropolones with alcohols leads to the contraction of the seven-membered tropone ring with the formation of 2-(2-benzoxa(thia)zolyl)-6-alkoxycarbonylphenols. The molecular structure of 2-(2-ethoxycarbonyl-6-hydroxy-3,4,5-trichlorophenyl)benzoxazole has been determined by X-ray diffraction. 2-(2-Benzoxa(thia)zolyl)-6-alkoxycarbonylphenols display intense green fluorescence with anomalous Stokes shifts caused by the excited state intramolecular proton transfer (ESIPT) effects.

18.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 51(28): 6130-2, 2015 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25748821

RESUMO

Optical memory elements based on photoswitchable organic field-effect transistors have been designed by using an interfacial layer of photochromic spirooxazine molecules sandwiched between semiconductor and dielectric layers. Optical and electrical programming of the designed devices leads to multiple discrete states demonstrating drastically different electrical characteristics (VTH, IDS) and advanced stability.

19.
Bioinorg Chem Appl ; 2014: 641407, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24790592

RESUMO

This paper describes a comparative study of the decomposition of two nitrosyl iron complexes (NICs) with penicillamine thiolic ligands [Fe2(SC5H11NO2)2(NO)4]SO4 ·5H2O (I) and glutathione- (GSH-) ligands [Fe2(SC10H17N3O6)2(NO)4]SO4 ·2H2O (II), which spontaneously evolve to NO in aqueous medium. NO formation was measured by a sensor electrode and by spectrophotometric methods by measuring the formation of a hemoglobin- (Hb-) NO complex. The NO evolution reaction rate from (I) k 1 = (4.6 ± 0.1)·10(-3) s(-1) and the elimination rate constant of the penicillamine ligand k 2 = (1.8 ± 0.2)·10(-3) s(-1) at 25°C in 0.05 M phosphate buffer, pH 7.0, was calculated using kinetic modeling based on the experimental data. Both reactions are reversible. Spectrophotometry and mass-spectrometry methods have firmly shown that the penicillamine ligand is exchanged for GS(-) during decomposition of 1.5·10(-4) M (I) in the presence of 10(-3) M GSH, with 76% yield in 24 h. As has been established, such behaviour is caused by the resistance of (II) to decomposition due to the higher affinity of iron to GSH in the complex. The discovered reaction may impede S-glutathionylation of the essential enzyme systems in the presence of (I) and is important for metabolism of NIC, connected with its antitumor activity.

20.
Dalton Trans ; (10): 1703-6, 2009 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19240901

RESUMO

The single crystals of a new chemotherapeutic agent, binuclear nitrosyl iron complex with benzimidazole-2-thiolyl, [Fe2(SC7H5N2)2(NO)4].2C3H6O (1), have been synthesized. The structure of and its properties have been studied by the methods of X-ray, Mössbauer, IR-, mass-spectroscopy and SQUID-magnetometry.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/química , Benzimidazóis/química , Compostos Ferrosos/química , Ferro/química , Óxidos de Nitrogênio/química , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Compostos Ferrosos/farmacologia , Estrutura Molecular
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