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1.
J Clin Exp Dent ; 13(9): e913-e919, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34603620

RESUMO

Background: This study evaluated the effects of several epoxy resin-based sealer compositions (AHP, AH Plus; ADS, Adseal; SPL, Sealer Plus) on bond strength and intratubular dentin penetration of the endodontic obturation, in root canal previously treated with calcium hydroxide intracanal medication (CH) and removed by continuous ultrasonic irrigation (CUI). Material and Methods: Forty-five maxillary canines were prepared up to F5 (ProTaper system), filled with CH, coronally sealed, and stored at 37ºC. After 1 week, CH was removed using 2.5% sodium hypochlorite energized by CUI. The specimens were randomly distributed in three groups (n=15) and root canal obturated, according to epoxy-based resin sealer composition (AHP, ADS or SPL). The roots were transversally sectioned in cervical, middle, and apical thirds. In each radicular third, push out bond strength using universal machine and intratubular dentin using confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) and Image J Program were evaluated. Bond strength and intratubular dentin penetration were statistically evaluated by ANOVA one-way and Tukey tests and Kruskal Wallis test, respectively (α = 0.05). Results: In middle and apical thirds, AHP showed higher bond strength values (p<0.05), and ADS and SPL were similar each other (p>0.05). All epoxy resin-based sealers presented similar intratubular dentin penetration, independently of the radicular thirds (p>0.05). Cohesive and mixed failures were predominant in the cervical thirds. In the middle and apical thirds, AHP showed more cohesive type failures, while ADS and SPL showed more adhesive-type failures. Conclusions: AHP has the highest bond strength in middle and apical radicular thirds, after calcium hydroxide intracanal medication removal using continuous ultrasonic irrigation, although intratubular dentin infiltration being similar among epoxy resin-based sealer with several chemical composition. Key words:Continuous ultrasonic irrigation, endodontic sealers, epoxy resin-based sealers, root canal obturation.

2.
Dental Press J Orthod ; 26(5): e2119350, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34669825

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate the antimicrobial effect of five types of non-industrialized and industrialized probiotics on biofilms formed around orthodontic mini-implants. The null hypothesis tested was: there is no difference in the antimicrobial effect between the five types of probiotics tested around orthodontic mini-implants. METHODS: For the experiment, 120 mini-implants were immersed for seven days in Staphylococcus aureus solution for biofilm formation, and were subsequently plated in culture medium containing probiotics. The mini-implants were divided into six different groups, according to the probiotic used: G1)Lactobacillus casei; G2)Lactobacillus brevis; G3)Lactobacillus rhamnosus; G4) Lactobacillus from fermented milk Yakult®; G5) Lactobacillus from fermented milk Batavito® and G6) without use of probiotic, as negative control. Qualitative and quantitative analyses of all groups were performed using the CFU (colony forming unit) count. RESULTS: The study showed that groups G4 and G6 did not present antimicrobial activity, in comparison to groups G1, G2, G3, and G5 (p< 0.05), which demonstrated antimicrobial activity. CONCLUSION: The non-commercial probiotic bacteria, Lactobacillus casei and Lactobacillus rhamnosus, as well as commercially available fermented milk Batavito® presented promising results in the reduction of colonization of mini-implants by S. aureus. Therefore, the null hypothesis was rejected.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos , Implantes Dentários , Procedimentos de Ancoragem Ortodôntica , Probióticos , Staphylococcus aureus
3.
Braz Oral Res ; 35: e084, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34431849

RESUMO

The objective of this work was to evaluate the relationship between factors associated with the COVID-19 pandemic and depression, anxiety, and stress (DAS) in dentists. Factors associated with the COVID-19 pandemic were evaluated using a questionnaire and scores of the Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scales-21 were measured. The differences between the DAS scores based on the factors associated with the COVID-19 pandemic were tested through the successive application of multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA, α = 0.05). After a sample size calculation, 998 participants with a mean age of 39.39 (± 11.69) years were included. The effect size indicated that changes in sleep quality (η2 = 0.161), eating habits (η2 = 0.057), and physical health (η2 = 0.051) were the ones that most negatively affected DAS scores. The highest DAS scores were observed in professionals who lived with someone at high-risk for COVID-19 (p < 0.001) and in those who did not engage in leisure activities during the pandemic (p < 0.001). Dentists who worked on the frontline against COVID-19 had higher scores of anxiety and stress (p = 0.029). The highest scores for anxiety, depression, and/or stress were seen in dentists living with someone at high-risk for COVID-19, who acts on the frontline, who does not practice in leisure activities during the pandemic, who completely changed eating habits, quality of sleep and physical health during the pandemic. In general, DAS levels of dentists were associated with factors related to the COVID-19 pandemic.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Pandemias , Adulto , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Odontólogos , Depressão/epidemiologia , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , SARS-CoV-2
4.
J Clin Exp Dent ; 13(6): e564-e571, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34188762

RESUMO

Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of surface treatments with 1% peracetic acid (PA), solution containing 17% EDTA (SmearClear, Kerr Endodontics), solution containing a combination of 17% EDTA with 2% chlorhexidine (QMix, Dentsply Sirona) on the post-space root dentin compared to 2.5% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) on bond strength and resin tags length in dentin. Material and Methods: Forty human-canine roots were endodontically treated and the post space was prepared. The specimens were randomised into four groups (n = 10): control - irrigation with 2.5% NaOCl solution, PA - irrigation with 1% PA, SmearClear - irrigation with SmearClear solution, and QMix - irrigation with QMix solution. The fibre posts were cemented using a self-adhesive resin system (Relyx U200, 3M ESPE). After six months, the specimens were cross-sectioned and subjected to push-out and confocal laser microscopy tests. One-way ANOVA and Tukey's tests were used to analyse the data (α= 0.05). Results: PA and QMix presented the highest bond strength values compared to the other groups (p< 0.05). There was no significant difference between the resin tags length in dentin by the groups (p = 0.75). Conclusions: Irrigation of the post space with 1% PA and QMix showed a positive clinical impact on the adhesion between the fiber post and root dentin. However, these materials had no influence on resin tags length in dentin by self-adhesive resin cement. Key words:Fiber post, adhesive cementation, self-adhesive resin cement, root dentin, irrigating solutions.

5.
J. health sci. (Londrina) ; 23(1): https://revista.pgsskroton.com/index.php/JHealthSci/article/view/7935, 20210330.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1179423

RESUMO

The teeth weakening due to the preparation of class II mesio-occluso-distal cavities is a challenge for the clinician. The objective of this study was to evaluate the molars fracture resistance with class II mesio-occluso distal cavities restored with different restorative techniques and materials. Forty extracted molars were divided into 5 groups: Group 1 ­ intact healthy teeth (positive control); Group 2 ­ unrestored teeth with mesio-occluso distal class II cavities (negative control); Groups 3 to 5 ­ restored teeth with standardized dimensions. In groups 3 to 5, the cavities were restored with flow resin only, flow resin coated with a nano-hybrid resin, and nano-hybrid resin only, respectively. All specimens were tested for resistance to fracture using an axial compressive load, a metallic sphere measuring 8 mm in diameter on a universal testing machine EMIC DL-2000. A 10 kN load cell operated at a speed of 5 mm/min until the tooth fracture. Data were subjected to analysis of variance and Tukey's tests (α = 0.05). Group 3 showed higher fracture strength (2243.1 ± 473.7N) when compared to groups 2, 4 and 5. This difference was statistically significant (p<0.05). The fracture strength of teeth restored with flow mesio occluso-distal restorations was similar to that of intact natural teeth. (AU)


O enfraquecimento dos dentes devido às preparações de cavidades mesio-ocluso-distal é um desafio para o clínico. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a resistência à fratura de molares com cavidades mesio-ocluso-distais classe II restauradas com diferentes técnicas e materiais restauradores. Quarenta molares extraídos foram divididos em 5 grupos: Grupo 1 ­ dentes saudáveis intactos (controle positivo); Grupo 2 ­ dentes não restaurados com cavidades mesio-occluso-distais classe II (controle negativo); Grupos 3 a 5 ­ dentes restaurados com dimensões padronizadas. Nos grupos 3 a 5, as cavidades foram restauradas apenas com resina flow, resina flow recoberta com uma resina nanohíbrida e somente resina nano-híbrida, respectivamente. Todas as amostras foram testadas quanto à resistência à fratura usando uma carga compressiva axial, usando uma esfera metálica medindo 8 mm de diâmetro em uma máquina de teste universal EMIC DL-2000. Uma célula de carga de 10 kN operava a uma velocidade de 5 mm/min até a fratura do dente. Os dados foram submetidos à análise de variância e testes de Tukey (α = 0,05). O grupo 3 apresentou maior resistência à fratura (2243,1 ± 473,7N) quando comparado aos grupos 2, 4 e 5. Essa diferença foi estatisticamente significante (p <0,05). A resistência à fratura dos dentes restaurados com resina flow foi semelhante à dos dentes naturais intactos. (AU)

6.
Int J Prosthodont ; 2021 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33651023

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To analyze the current evidence on the impact of surface finishing protocols (such as manual polishing or glazing) on the color stability of in vitro simulated pigmentation of CAD/CAM ceramics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Five electronic databases were searched on February 12, 2020. In vitro experimental studies were included based on the following strategy: intervention = surface treatment of CAD/CAM ceramics with glazing agents; comparison = surface treatment of CAD/CAM ceramics with manual polishing; and outcomes = color stability. Two reviewers independently assessed the risk of bias. RESULTS: Among 1,390 articles that were screened, 6 in vitro studies were considered for qualitative analysis. Five articles confirmed changes in the color of ceramics when they were immersed in pigmented solutions. One article investigated the color stability of the samples via ultraviolet (UV) aging. Among the 6 studies analyzed, 4 showed clinically acceptable color alteration values represented by ΔE irrespective of the finishing protocol applied (glazing or mechanical polishing). Two articles presented clinically unsatisfactory color variation (ΔE > 3.3 and ΔE > 2.7) following mechanical polishing of a zirconia-reinforced lithium silicate ceramic. Coffee and red wine proved to be the beverages with the greatest potential for ceramic pigmentation. Only 1 article had a high risk of bias. CONCLUSION: For clinicians, most of the studies demonstrated that both manual polishing and glaze application can prevent significant color alterations on CAD/CAM ceramic surfaces. However, due to the relatively limited amount of evidence to support this conclusion, further studies must be conducted.

7.
Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther ; 34: 102264, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33774192

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To evaluate the effects of three protocols for removing 0.01 % methylene blue from the post space after photodynamic therapy on bond strength and tag formation in the dentin of the fiber post space, using a conventional cementation system with an etch-and-rinse or universal adhesive system. METHODS: Sixty human canines were endodontically treated for fiber post cementation. The specimens were randomized into 6 groups (n = 10): G1, G2, G3, G4, G5, and G6. The G1, G2, and G3 groups were irrigated with saline solution, 2.5 % sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl), and 2.5 % NaOCl, agitated by passive ultrasonic irrigation (PUI), respectively. In these groups, a conventional cementation system with etch-and-rinse adhesive was used. The G4, G5, and G6 groups were irrigated with the respective solutions mentioned above and cemented using a conventional cementation system with universal adhesive. Tag formation in the dentin was evaluated by confocal laser scanning microscopy. The push-out bond strength test was performed on three thirds of the specimens. RESULTS: In the cervical and middle thirds, the greatest extent of dentin tag formation occurred in the G1 (p = 0.023 and p = 0.033, respectively). In the apical third, G1, G2, and G3 demonstrated similar tag formation between themselves (p = 0.089). In the cervical and middle thirds, G4 demonstrated the highest bond strength when compared to the other groups (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The protocols for removing 0.01 % methylene blue with NaOCl, irrespective of the involvement of passive ultrasonic irrigation, negatively effects the bond strength and tag formation in the dentin of the post space.


Assuntos
Cimentação , Fotoquimioterapia , Animais , Dentina , Cães , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Azul de Metileno , Fotoquimioterapia/métodos , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes , Cimentos de Resina
8.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 35: e084, 2021. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1285728

RESUMO

Abstract The objective of this work was to evaluate the relationship between factors associated with the COVID-19 pandemic and depression, anxiety, and stress (DAS) in dentists. Factors associated with the COVID-19 pandemic were evaluated using a questionnaire and scores of the Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scales-21 were measured. The differences between the DAS scores based on the factors associated with the COVID-19 pandemic were tested through the successive application of multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA, α = 0.05). After a sample size calculation, 998 participants with a mean age of 39.39 (± 11.69) years were included. The effect size indicated that changes in sleep quality (η2 = 0.161), eating habits (η2 = 0.057), and physical health (η2 = 0.051) were the ones that most negatively affected DAS scores. The highest DAS scores were observed in professionals who lived with someone at high-risk for COVID-19 (p < 0.001) and in those who did not engage in leisure activities during the pandemic (p < 0.001). Dentists who worked on the frontline against COVID-19 had higher scores of anxiety and stress (p = 0.029). The highest scores for anxiety, depression, and/or stress were seen in dentists living with someone at high-risk for COVID-19, who acts on the frontline, who does not practice in leisure activities during the pandemic, who completely changed eating habits, quality of sleep and physical health during the pandemic. In general, DAS levels of dentists were associated with factors related to the COVID-19 pandemic.


Assuntos
Humanos , Adulto , Pandemias , COVID-19 , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Odontólogos , Depressão/epidemiologia , SARS-CoV-2 , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
9.
J Dent ; 103: 103498, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33069772

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness of desensitizing agents (DA) on dentin hypersensitivity (DH) after non-surgical periodontal treatment (NSPT) through a systematic review and meta-analysis. DATA: The PICO strategy was used to include randomized clinical trials in human subjects with DH (P) after NSPT treated with DA (I) compared to those treated with placebo or control (C) to identify DH relief (O). The Cochrane guidelines and GRADE was used to classify the risk of bias and the quality of the evidence, respectively. SOURCES: PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, Lilacs, Cochrane Library databases, and OpenGrey were searched on the 20th of May 2020. STUDY SELECTION: Nine studies were included in the quantitative synthesis. Five meta-analyses were performed. Three meta-analyzes assessed the effectiveness of DA compared to a placebo or control in relation to pain assessment stimuli and two meta-analyzes assessed the mechanism of action of DA. For the mechanical stimulus in overall analysis, the control group presented a higher mean of pain reduction (SMD 1.03 [0.73, 1.32], p < 0.001) with very low certainty of evidence. For water (SMD -0.78 [-1.22, -0.35], p = 0.0009) and evaporative in overall analysis (SMD -1.21 [-1.79, -0.64], p < 0.001) stimuli, the DA decreased DH pain with very low and low certainty of evidence, respectively. CONCLUSION: Due to the limited quality of evidence, there is no definitive conclusion on the effectiveness of DA on DH after NSPT. Thus, further clinical studies with a low risk of bias and high-quality evidence are encouraged to reinforce the certainty of evidence on that issue. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: The use of desensitizing agents show promise for relief of dentin hypersensitivity after non-surgical periodontal therapy.


Assuntos
Dessensibilizantes Dentinários , Sensibilidade da Dentina , Dessensibilizantes Dentinários/uso terapêutico , Sensibilidade da Dentina/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Medição da Dor
10.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 14(1): 60-66, mar. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056502

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: The objective of the study was to evaluate marginal adaptation of Class II mesial-occlusal-distal (MOD) restorations before and after thermo-mechanical loading and volumetric shrinkage of the bulk-fill vs conventional composite resin. For marginal adaptation assessment, 24 Class II MOD cavities with cervical margins extending 1.0 mm below (distal) and 1.0 mm beyond (mesial) the cement-enamel junction were prepared in extracted human molars. The teeth were filled as follows: Group A - bulk-fill with SureFil SDR flow (first increment, 4 mm; second increment, 2 mm); Group B - bulk-fill with SureFil SDR flow as a base (first increment, 4 mm) and covered with the conventional nanohybrid composite Esthet-X HD (second increment, 2 mm); and Group C - incrementally filled with Esthet-X HD. Marginal adaptation was evaluated by scanning electron microscopy before and after thermomechanical loading (240,000 loading cycles and simultaneous 600 thermal cycles). To evaluate volumetric polymerization shrinkage, a semi-spherical mold was filled with the tested composites and placed in an AccuVol device after light curing. Both before and after loading, marginal adaptation in cervical dentin was superior (p < 0.05) for Groups A and B compared with Group C. In cervical enamel, Group B showed better marginal adaptation than Group C, and Group A presented intermediary results, between Groups B and C. Furthermore, bulk-fill flow resulted in greater shrinkage than Esthet-X HD. A significant improvement of marginal adaptation was observed when bulkfill flow was used instead of conventional composite resin both before and after thermomechanical loading. However, the bulk-fill flow presented higher volumetric polymerization shrinkage than the conventional composite.


RESUMEN: El objetivo de este trabajo consistió en evaluar la adaptación marginal de las restauraciones mesiales-oclusales-distales (MOD) de Clase II antes y después de la carga termo-mecánica y la contracción volumétrica de la carga compuesta de resina "bulk-fill" en comparación con resina convencional. Para la evaluación de adaptación, se prepararon 24 cavidades MOD de Clase II en molares humanos extraídos, los que se restauraron de la siguiente manera: Grupo A: restaurado con resina fluida Bulk-Fill SureFilSDR (primer incremento, 4 mm; segundo incremento, 2 mm); Grupo B: restaurado con resina fluida Bulk-Fill SureFil SDR (primer incremento, 4 mm) y cubierto con resina compuesta nanohíbrida Esthet-X HD (segundo incremento, 2 mm); y Grupo C - rellenado incrementalmente con Esthet-X HD. La adaptación marginal se evaluó mediante microscopía electrónica de barrido antes y después de la carga termomecánica (240.000 ciclos de carga y 600 ciclos térmicos simultáneos). Para evaluar la contracción volumétrica de la polimerización, se llenó un molde semiesférico con los compuestos probados y se colocó en un dispositivo AccuVol después del fotopolimerización. Tanto antes como después de la carga, la adaptación marginal en la dentina cervical fue superior (p <0,05) para los grupos A y B en comparación con el grupo C. En el esmalte cervical, el grupo B mostró una mejor adaptación marginal que el grupo C, y el grupo A presentó resultados intermedios, entre Grupos B y C. Se observó una mejora significativa de la adaptación marginal al utilizar la resina fluida Bulk-Fill en lugar de resina compuesta convencional tanto antes como después de la carga termomecánica. Sin embargo, la resina fluida 'Bulk-Fill' presentó una mayor contracción volumétrica de polimerización que el compuesto convencional.


Assuntos
Humanos , Adaptação Marginal Dentária , Resinas Compostas , Preparo da Cavidade Dentária/instrumentação , Restauração Dentária Permanente/métodos , Má Oclusão Classe II de Angle , Estresse Mecânico , Análise Estatística , Comissão de Ética , Desgaste de Restauração Dentária , Preparo da Cavidade Dentária/normas , Polimerização
11.
Arch Oral Biol ; 110: 104619, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31805483

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the morphological and chemical effect of in-office and at-home desensitising agents containing sodium fluoride (NaF) on eroded root dentine in vitro. METHODS: Fifty bovine dentine samples were pre-eroded and randomised into five groups (n = 10): G1 (Control) - milli-Q water; G2 - fluoride varnish containing NaF 22,500 ppm; G3 - desensitising cream containing NaF 9,000 ppm associated with 20% nanohydroxyapatite; G4 - toothpaste with NaF 5,000 ppm associated to tricalcium phosphate; G5 - toothpaste containing NaF 900 ppm and casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate fluoride (CPP-ACPF). The specimens were submitted to erosive challenge for three days. The analyses were performed using non-contact profilometry for volumetric (Sa) and linear roughness (Ra) followed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectrometry (EDS). The data were analysed by Kruskal-Wallis and Wilcoxon tests (α = 0.05). RESULTS: There was a significant reduction of Ra and Sa for the eroded samples from the G2 and G5 (p < 0.05) after an erosive challenge. The dentine surface topography pattern showed partially or totally occluded dentinal tubules after treatments, except in the control group. The control, G4 and G3 groups showed a reduction in the dentine inorganic content percentage of Ca (Calcium) and P (Phosphorus) minerals. CONCLUSION: The fluoride varnish and CPP-ACPF toothpaste were able to prevent morphological changes and were the only materials that showed the Ca and P content increased after treatment. These materials may be promising alternatives in the clinical control of dentin erosion.


Assuntos
Dentina , Fluoreto de Sódio , Erosão Dentária , Raiz Dentária , Animais , Bovinos , Dentina/efeitos dos fármacos , Fluoretos , Fluoreto de Sódio/farmacologia , Erosão Dentária/tratamento farmacológico , Raiz Dentária/efeitos dos fármacos , Cremes Dentais
12.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 19: e208204, jan.-dez. 2020. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1177180

RESUMO

Aim: The purpose of this study was to compare the microhardness, diametral tensile strength, compressive strength and the rheological properties of self-adhesive versus conventional resin cements. Methods: Specimens of a conventional (RelyX ARC) and 3 self-adhesive (RelyX U200, Maxcem Elite, Bifix SE) types of resin cements were prepared. The Knoop test was used to assess the microhardness, using a Microhardness Tester FM 700. For the diametral tensile strength test, a tensile strength was applied at a speed of 0.6 mm/minute. A universal testing machine was used for the analysis of compressive strength and a thermo-controlled oscillating rheometer was used for the Rheology test. One-way ANOVA and Tukey's test (α=0.05) were used for data analysis. Results:According to microhardness analysis, all the cements were statistically similar (p>0.05), except for Maxcem that presented lower hardness compared with the other cements in relation to the top surface (p<0.05). In the diametral tensile strength test, Relyx U200 and RelyX ARC cements were statistically similar (p>0.05), presented higher value when compared to the Maxcem and Bifix cements (p<0.05). The compressive strength of RelyX ARC and Maxcem Elite cements was statistically higher than RelyX U200 and Bifix cements (p<0.05). Regarding the rheology test, Maxcem Elite and RelyX ARC cements showed a high modulus of elasticity. Conclusions: The self-adhesive cements presented poorer mechanical properties than conventional resin cement. Chemical structure and types of monomers employed interfere directly in the mechanical properties of resin cements


Assuntos
Cimentação , Cimentos de Resina , Materiais Dentários , Resistência à Flexão , Longevidade
13.
PLoS One ; 14(12): e0225501, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31790452

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This randomized controlled clinical trial aimed to evaluate the effect of the casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate fluoride (CPP-ACPF) and photobiomodulation (PBM) in the treatment of dentin hypersensitivity (DH), and the impact of this on the health-related quality of life (HRQL). METHODS: Eighty teeth with DH were randomized into four groups and received three treatment sessions: PLACEBO = placebo + LASER application mimicking; CPP-ACPF = CPP-ACPF + LASER application mimicking; PBM = placebo + LASER active application; CPP-ACPF+PBM = CPP-ACPF + LASER active application. Tactile (exploratory probe) and evaporative (triple syringe) stimuli were used to measure DH and were recorded with the aid of a visual analogue scale (VAS) after the 1st, 2nd and 3rd treatment sessions and one-month follow-up. The HRQL was recorded in the DH experience questionnaire (DHEQ). RESULTS: The intragroup comparison showed a significant reduction in DH (p < 0.05) with both stimuli after one-month follow-up. The intergroup comparison with the evaporative stimulus showed that CPP-ACPF+PBM significantly reduced DH when compared to the rest of treatments, after one-month follow-up. CPP-ACPF+PBM group statistically differed from the other treatment groups in the DHEQ evaluation after one-month follow-up. CONCLUSION: After one-month follow-up, the association of CPP-ACPF with PBM was effective in the reduction of DH and promoted a positive impact on the HRQL of the participants of this study.


Assuntos
Cariostáticos/administração & dosagem , Caseínas/administração & dosagem , Sensibilidade da Dentina/terapia , Fluoretos Tópicos/administração & dosagem , Terapia com Luz de Baixa Intensidade/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Terapia Combinada/métodos , Sensibilidade da Dentina/complicações , Sensibilidade da Dentina/diagnóstico , Combinação de Medicamentos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição da Dor , Placebos/administração & dosagem , Qualidade de Vida , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
14.
J Conserv Dent ; 21(4): 433-437, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30122827

RESUMO

Context: Remineralizing agents have been recommended to restore the integrity of bleached enamel. Aims: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of fluoride at high concentration (5000 ppm) applied to bleached enamel. Materials and Methods: A total of 30 specimens obtained from newly extracted third molars were divided into two groups (n = 15) as follows: control group and fluoride group. Specimens of both groups received bleaching treatment with 35% hydrogen peroxide, were then submitted to the Vickers hardness number/colorimetric test (VHN/CT) (n = 5) and Ra (n = 10) tests, and stored in artificial saliva. After bleaching, fluoride group received the application of a fluoride-based dentifrice, during 5 min. VHN, RS, and CT analysis of both groups were performed before and after treatments. For VHN, five indentations per specimen were performed, using a microdurometer. Ra analysis was performed with a rugosimeter. The color was analyzed through the CIE L* a* b* system, respectively, using a colorimeter. Statistical Analysis: For intergroup statistical analysis, ANOVA with Tukey's posttest was used. All tests were calculated at a significance level of 5%. Results: There was statistically significant difference (P < 0.01) between the analyzed groups, on VHN, Ra, and CT evaluations. Conclusions: The use of fluoride-based dentifrice at 5000 ppm was effective in minimizing the deleterious effects on bleached enamel.

15.
J Esthet Restor Dent ; 30(4): 352-359, 2018 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30079637

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this double-blind, randomized, controlled clinical study was to assess the efficacy of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) combined with 5000 ppm fluoride dentifrice on postbleaching sensitivity in teeth exposed to 35% hydrogen peroxide for four weeks. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-five volunteers were evaluated using the split-mouth model in which the right and left maxillary/mandibular quadrants were randomized and allocated to one of two groups: GPLACEBO, in which the laser tip was positioned without the emission of light (placebo effect) + 5000 ppm sodium fluoride, or GLASER, which comprised LLLT + 5000 ppm sodium fluoride. For both groups, LLLT and placebo were used before bleaching, whereas fluoride was applied after bleaching. LLLT was applied at two points: on the central cervical and medial regions of the incisors, canines, and premolars in the corresponding hemi-arch. At each point, 60 J/cm2 was applied for 16 seconds with an irradiance of 3.75 W/cm2 using the therapeutic infrared device. To assess tooth sensitivity, a modified visual analogue scale was used after an evaporative stimulus, and a daily pain questionnaire was also applied. RESULTS: The Wilcoxon and Friedman tests demonstrated a significant difference in the incidence of sensitivity pain between GPLACEBO and GLASER (P ≤ .05), with different evaluation times. CONCLUSION: Teeth treated with laser therapy in combination with the topical use of sodium fluoride at each bleaching session demonstrated less sensitivity compared with the application of sodium fluoride only. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: The use of a low-level laser therapy in combination with topical use of sodium fluoride improves symptoms of dentin sensitivity at each bleaching session.


Assuntos
Dentifrícios , Sensibilidade da Dentina , Terapia com Luz de Baixa Intensidade , Clareamento Dental , Método Duplo-Cego , Fluoretos , Humanos , Clareamento Dental/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Open Dent J ; 11: 476-484, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28979576

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dental whitening has been increasingly sought out to improve dental aesthetics, but may cause chemical and morphological changes in dental enamel surfaces. OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated in vitro the effect of 10% strontium chloride and 5% potassium nitrate with fluoride on bovine enamel, through tristimulus colorimetry, Knoop microhardness (KHN), and roughness after bleaching with 35% hydrogen peroxide (HP). METHODS: The specimens were divided into three groups (n=15): GControl received bleaching treatment with 35% HP; GNitrate received bleaching with 35% HP followed by the application of 5% potassium nitrate with 2% sodium fluoride; and GStrontium received bleaching with 35% HP followed by the application of 10% strontium chloride on the enamel. Next, five specimens of each experimental group were subjected to KHN and tristimulus colorimetry tests, and 10 specimens were subjected to surface roughness (SR) tests. The values obtained for the different groups were compared through analysis of variance (ANOVA) followed by a post-hoc Tukey-Kramer test in addition to Student's T-test for paired data. RESULTS: In the intergroup comparison, KHN final differed statistically (p<0.05). The mean SR final of the experimental groups differed statistically from the GControl group (p<0.05). In addition, the groups did not differ in color variation (p>0.05). CONCLUSION: 10% strontium chloride and 5% potassium nitrate combined with 2% fluoride downplayed morphological changes to the enamel, without interfering with the effectiveness of the bleaching process.

17.
J Appl Oral Sci ; 25(3): 335-340, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28678953

RESUMO

Objective: This randomized, controlled, double-blind clinical study evaluated the effect of calcium sodium phosphosilicate (NovaMin) and casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate with fluoride (CPP-ACPF) on the prevention of post-operative sensitivity and on the effects of clinical bleaching treatment. Material and Methods: Sixty volunteers were selected according to inclusion and exclusion criteria and were randomly assigned into three groups (n=20): CG (control group) patients, who were treated with 35% hydrogen peroxide; NOVAG (NovaMin group) patients, who were treated with 35% hydrogen peroxide followed by the application of NovaMin; and CPPG (CPP group) patients, who were treated with 35% hydrogen peroxide followed by the application of CPP-ACPF. Both bioactive agents were applied for five minutes. An evaporative stimulus associated with a modified visual scale was used to analyze sensitivity 24 hours after each bleaching session. The color evaluation was performed on the maxillary central incisors using a spectrophotometer. Associations between the intervention group, bleaching session, and reported sensitivity were tested using Chi-square partitioning. Results: Color change values (ΔE) were analyzed using analysis of variance (ANOVA). The significance level used for both tests was 5%. In the intragroup assessment, the Friedman test showed that only the CPP-ACPF group showed no statistically significant difference (p<0.05) between baseline and first bleaching session. In the intergroup assessment, the Kruskal-Wallis test showed that the CPPG had less postoperative sensitivity after the first session, when compared to the other groups (p<0.05). Color change analysis (ΔE) showed a significant difference between the means obtained in the different bleaching sessions in all groups (p<0.05). Conclusions: This study showed that the combination of CPP-ACPF with 35% hydrogen peroxide significantly reduced post-operative sensitivity in the first session, compared with the other evaluated treatments. The association of CPP-ACPF and NovaMin did not affect the color change induced by tooth bleaching.


Assuntos
Caseínas/uso terapêutico , Dessensibilizantes Dentinários/uso terapêutico , Sensibilidade da Dentina/prevenção & controle , Fluoretos/uso terapêutico , Vidro/química , Clareamento Dental/efeitos adversos , Adolescente , Adulto , Análise de Variância , Cor , Esmalte Dentário/efeitos dos fármacos , Método Duplo-Cego , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Humanos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Período Pós-Operatório , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Espectrofotometria , Fatores de Tempo , Clareadores Dentários/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
18.
J. appl. oral sci ; 25(3): 335-340, May-June 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-893618

RESUMO

Abstract Objective This randomized, controlled, double-blind clinical study evaluated the effect of calcium sodium phosphosilicate (NovaMin) and casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate with fluoride (CPP-ACPF) on the prevention of post-operative sensitivity and on the effects of clinical bleaching treatment. Material and Methods Sixty volunteers were selected according to inclusion and exclusion criteria and were randomly assigned into three groups (n=20): CG (control group) patients, who were treated with 35% hydrogen peroxide; NOVAG (NovaMin group) patients, who were treated with 35% hydrogen peroxide followed by the application of NovaMin; and CPPG (CPP group) patients, who were treated with 35% hydrogen peroxide followed by the application of CPP-ACPF. Both bioactive agents were applied for five minutes. An evaporative stimulus associated with a modified visual scale was used to analyze sensitivity 24 hours after each bleaching session. The color evaluation was performed on the maxillary central incisors using a spectrophotometer. Associations between the intervention group, bleaching session, and reported sensitivity were tested using Chi-square partitioning. Results Color change values (ΔE) were analyzed using analysis of variance (ANOVA). The significance level used for both tests was 5%. In the intragroup assessment, the Friedman test showed that only the CPP-ACPF group showed no statistically significant difference (p<0.05) between baseline and first bleaching session. In the intergroup assessment, the Kruskal-Wallis test showed that the CPPG had less postoperative sensitivity after the first session, when compared to the other groups (p<0.05). Color change analysis (ΔE) showed a significant difference between the means obtained in the different bleaching sessions in all groups (p<0.05). Conclusions This study showed that the combination of CPP-ACPF with 35% hydrogen peroxide significantly reduced post-operative sensitivity in the first session, compared with the other evaluated treatments. The association of CPP-ACPF and NovaMin did not affect the color change induced by tooth bleaching.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto , Adulto Jovem , Caseínas/uso terapêutico , Dessensibilizantes Dentinários/uso terapêutico , Sensibilidade da Dentina/prevenção & controle , Fluoretos/uso terapêutico , Vidro/química , Clareamento Dental/efeitos adversos , Análise de Variância , Cor , Esmalte Dentário/efeitos dos fármacos , Método Duplo-Cego , Quimioterapia Combinada , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/efeitos adversos , Período Pós-Operatório , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Espectrofotometria , Fatores de Tempo , Clareadores Dentários/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
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