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1.
Bone Joint Res ; 11(7): 484-493, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35801532

RESUMO

AIMS: Insufficient treatment response in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients requires novel treatment strategies to halt disease progression. The potential benefit of combination of cytokine-inhibitors in RA is still unclear and needs further investigation. To explore the impact of combined deficiency of two major cytokines, namely interleukin (IL)-1 and IL-6, in this study double deficient mice for IL-1αß and IL-6 were investigated in different tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-driven inflammatory bone disorders, namely peripheral arthritis and sacroiliitis, as well as systemic bone loss. METHODS: Disease course, histopathological features of arthritis, and micro-CT (µCT) bone analysis of local and systemic bone loss were assessed in 15-week-old IL1-/-IL6-/- hTNFtg in comparison to IL1-/- hTNFtg, IL6-/- hTNFtg, and hTNFtg mice. µCT bone analysis of single deficient and wild-type mice was also performed. RESULTS: Combined deficiency of IL-1/IL-6 markedly ameliorated TNF-mediated arthritis and bilateral sacroiliitis, but without additive benefits compared to single IL-1 deficiency. This finding confirms the important role of IL-1 and the marginal role of IL-6 in TNF-driven pathways of local joint damage, but questions the efficacy of potential combinatorial therapies of IL-1 and IL-6 in treatment of RA. In contrast, combined deficiency of IL-1/IL-6 led to an additive protective effect on TNF-driven systemic bone loss compared to single IL-1 and IL-6 deficiency. This finding clearly indicates a common contribution of both IL-1 and IL-6 in TNF-driven systemic bone loss, and points to a discrepancy of cytokine dependency in local and systemic TNF-driven mechanisms of inflammatory arthritis. CONCLUSION: Combinatorial treatments in RA might provide different benefits to inflammatory local arthritis and systemic comorbidities. Cite this article: Bone Joint Res 2022;11(7):484-493.

2.
BMC Rheumatol ; 6(1): 42, 2022 Jul 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35821079

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Autoimmune disease following COVID-19 has been studied intensely since the beginning of the pandemic. Growing evidence indicates that SARS-CoV-2 infection, by virtue of molecular mimicry can lead to an antigen-mediated cross-reaction promoting the development of a plethora of autoimmune spectrum diseases involving lungs and extrapulmonary tissues alike. In both COVID-19 and autoimmune disease, the immune self-tolerance breaks, leading to an overreaction of the immune system with production of a variety of autoantibodies, sharing similarities in clinical manifestation, laboratory, imaging, and pathology findings. Anti-Melanoma Differentiation-Associated gene 5 dermatomyositis (anti-MDA5 DM) comprises a rare subtype of systemic inflammatory myopathies associated with characteristic cutaneous features and life-threatening rapidly progressive interstitial lung disease (RP-ILD). The production of anti-MDA5 autoantibodies was proposed to be triggered by viral infections. CASE PRESENTATION: A 20-year-old male patient with polyarthritis, fatigue and exertional dyspnea was referred to our department. An elevated anti-MDA5 autoantibody titer, myositis on MRI, ground glass opacifications on lung CT and histological features of Wong-type dermatomyositis were confirmed, suggesting the diagnosis of an anti-MDA5 DM. Amid further diagnostic procedures, a serologic proof of a recent SARS-CoV-2 infection emerged. Subsequently, the patient deteriorated into a fulminant respiratory failure and an urgent lung transplantation was performed, leading to remission ever since (i.e. 12 months as of now). CONCLUSIONS: We report a unique case of a patient with a new-onset anti-MDA5 DM with fulminant ARDS emerging in a post-infectious stage of COVID-19, who underwent a successful lung transplantation and achieved remission. Given the high mortality of anti-MDA5 DM associated RP-ILD, we would like to highlight that the timely recognition of this condition and urgent therapy initiation are of utmost importance.

3.
Ther Adv Musculoskelet Dis ; 14: 1759720X221105978, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35794905

RESUMO

Health care processes are under constant development and will need to embrace advances in technology and health science aiming to provide optimal care. Considering the perspective of increasing treatment options for people with rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases, but in many cases not reaching all treatment targets that matter to patients, care systems bare potential to improve on a holistic level. This review provides an overview of systems and technologies under evaluation over the past years that show potential to impact diagnosis and treatment of rheumatic diseases in about 10 years from now. We summarize initiatives and studies from the field of electronic health records, biobanking, remote monitoring, and artificial intelligence. The combination and implementation of these opportunities in daily clinical care will be key for a new era in care of our patients. This aims to inform rheumatologists and healthcare providers concerned with chronic inflammatory musculoskeletal conditions about current important and promising developments in science that might substantially impact the management processes of rheumatic diseases in the 2030s.

4.
Clin Chem Lab Med ; 2022 Jul 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35790193

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Rheumatoid factor (RF) is a well-established marker for the diagnosis and classification of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Most studies evaluated IgM RF or isotype-nonspecific total RF assays. We evaluated the added value of IgA RF in this context. METHODS: An international sample cohort consisting of samples from 398 RA patients and 1073 controls was tested for IgA RF with 3 commercial assays. For all RA patients and 100 controls essential clinical and serological data for ACR/EULAR classification were available. RESULTS: The sensitivity of IgA RF for diagnosing RA was lower than the sensitivity of IgM RF. Differences in numerical values between IgA RF assays were observed. With all assays, the highest IgA RF values were found in patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome. Double positivity for IgM RF and IgA RF had a higher specificity for RA than either IgM RF or IgA RF. The sensitivity of double positivity was lower than the sensitivity of either IgA RF or IgM RF. Single positivity for IgA RF was at least as prevalent in controls than in RA patients. Adding IgA RF to IgM RF and anti-citrullinated protein antibodies (ACPA) did not affect RA classification. However, combined positivity for IgA RF, IgM RF and IgG ACPA had a higher specificity and lower sensitivity for RA classification than positivity for either of the antibodies. CONCLUSIONS: IgA RF showed a lower sensitivity than IgM RF. Combining IgA RF with IgM RF and ACPA did not improve sensitivity of RA classification. Combined positivity (IgA-RF/IgM-RF/ACPA) increased specificity.

5.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 2022 Jun 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35725294

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Various hypotheses exist for the explanation of placebo response rates in randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of patients with rheumatoid arthritis with IR to methotrexate (MTX). We hypothesised that placebo responses may be related to more consequent intake of MTX during the tightly monitored trial period. METHODS: We conducted a post hoc analysis of placebo-treated patients included in two RCTs that had allowed inclusion of patients with and without ongoing MTX: the GO-AFTER and the SIRROUND-T trials. We pooled placebo patients of both trials and compared American College of Rheumatology (ACR) 20%/50%/70% response rates and Clinical Disease Activity Index (CDAI) low disease activity (LDA; ie, CDAI ≤10) responses between those receiving placebo on top of continued MTX and those receiving placebo without any background disease modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs). RESULTS: Of 398 placebo patients, 285 continued MTX and 113 had no background DMARDs. Baseline characteristics were similar. At week 16, ACR20 response was achieved by 72/285 (25.3%) of placebo+continued MTX and 14/113 (12.4%) of placebo only patients (nominal p=0.005); for ACR50 these numbers were 25/285 (8.4%) versus 1/113 (0.9%; nominal p=0.003) and for ACR70 they were 8/285 (2.8%) versus 0/113 (0%; nominal p=0.112). Also, more patients with placebo+continued MTX achieved CDAI-LDA at week 16 (25/285; 8.8%) compared with placebo only (2/113; 1.8%; nominal p=0.013). CONCLUSION: Clinical responses to placebo are higher in patients who continue an insufficient MTX background therapy. This suggests an inadvertently more consequent intake of background therapy during the trial. Background therapy should therefore be effectively aligned before enrollment into a clinical trial.

6.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 2022 Jun 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35738880

RESUMO

Clinical practice guidelines are useful tools for both patients and physicians. Several standardised operating procedures are in existence to describe tasks step by step to develop guidelines/recommendations. The end product consists of data synthesis from the systematic literature search and patient/physician's inputs. For the prevalent diseases, the process for developing guidelines is straightforward; it is based on physicians'/patients' experiences and abundance of the literature. When it comes to the realm of ultrarare diseases, there are few physicians who are familiar with a disease, and there is a scarcity of literature. In this viewpoint, we describe challenges from the methodological perspectives that occurred during the process of developing recommendations for autoinflammatory disorders with the goal of finding solutions that facilitate the development of guidelines for ultrarare diseases in the future.

7.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 2022 Jun 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35697487

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Commercial assays measuring antibodies to citrullinated protein/peptide (ACPA) show poor quantitative agreement. The diagnostic industry has never adopted the International Union of Immunological Societies-Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (IUIS-CDC) ACPA reference standard. Recently, the National Institute for Biological Standards and Control (NIBSC) prepared a new candidate ACPA standard (18/204). We evaluated both reference materials using different commercially available ACPA assays. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is an international study in which the NIBSC candidate ACPA standard and the IUIS-CDC ACPA reference material were analysed together with 398 diagnostic samples from individuals with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and in 1073 individuals who did not have RA using nine commercial ACPA assays. RESULTS: For both reference materials and samples from individuals with RA and individuals who did not have RA, there were large differences in quantitative ACPA results between assays. For most assays, values for the IUIS-CDC standard were lower than values for NIBSC 18/204 and the IUIS-CDC/NIBSC ratio was comparable for several, but not all assays. When NIBSC 18/204 was used as a calibrator, an improvement in alignment of ACPA results across several of the evaluated assays was obtained. Moreover, NIBSC 18/204 could align clinical interpretation for some but not all assays. CONCLUSION: Adoption of an international standard for ACPA determination is highly desirable. The candidate NIBSC 18/204 standard improved the standardisation and alignment of most ACPA assays and might therefore be recommended to be used as reference in commercial assays.

8.
Arthritis Rheumatol ; 74(7): 1102-1121, 2022 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35621220

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The interleukin-1 (IL-1) mediated systemic autoinflammatory diseases, including the cryopyrin- associated periodic syndromes (CAPS), tumour necrosis factor receptor-associated periodic syndrome (TRAPS), mevalonate kinase deficiency (MKD) and deficiency of the IL-1 receptor antagonist (DIRA), belong to a group of rare immunodysregulatory diseases that primarily present in early childhood with variable multiorgan involvement. When untreated, patients with severe clinical phenotypes have a poor prognosis, and diagnosis and management of these patients can be challenging. However, approved treatments targeting the proinflammatory cytokine IL-1 have been life changing and have significantly improved patient outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To establish evidence-based recommendations for diagnosis, treatment and monitoring of patients with IL-1 mediated autoinflammatory diseases to standardise their management. METHODS: A multinational, multidisciplinary task force consisting of physician experts, including rheumatologists, patients or caregivers and allied healthcare professionals, was established. Evidence synthesis, including systematic literature review and expert consensus (Delphi) via surveys, was conducted. Consensus methodology was used to formulate and vote on statements to guide optimal patient care. RESULTS: The task force devised five overarching principles, 14 statements related to diagnosis, 10 on therapy, and nine focused on long-term monitoring that were evidence and/or consensus-based for patients with IL-1 mediated diseases. An outline was developed for disease-specific monitoring of inflammation-induced organ damage progression and reported treatments of CAPS, TRAPS, MKD and DIRA. CONCLUSION: The 2021 EULAR/American College of Rheumatology points to consider represent state-of-the-art knowledge based on published data and expert opinion to guide diagnostic evaluation, treatment and monitoring of patients with CAPS, TRAPS, MKD and DIRA, and to standardise and improve care, quality of life and disease outcomes.


Assuntos
Síndromes Periódicas Associadas à Criopirina , Doenças Hereditárias Autoinflamatórias , Deficiência de Mevalonato Quinase , Reumatologia , Pré-Escolar , Síndromes Periódicas Associadas à Criopirina/diagnóstico , Síndromes Periódicas Associadas à Criopirina/tratamento farmacológico , Febre , Doenças Hereditárias Autoinflamatórias/diagnóstico , Doenças Hereditárias Autoinflamatórias/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Hereditárias Autoinflamatórias/genética , Humanos , Proteína Antagonista do Receptor de Interleucina 1/uso terapêutico , Interleucina-1 , Deficiência de Mevalonato Quinase/diagnóstico , Deficiência de Mevalonato Quinase/tratamento farmacológico , Qualidade de Vida , Receptores de Interleucina-1 , Estados Unidos
9.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 81(7): 907-921, 2022 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35623638

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The interleukin-1 (IL-1) mediated systemic autoinflammatory diseases, including the cryopyrin-associated periodic syndromes (CAPS), tumour necrosis factor receptor-associated periodic syndrome (TRAPS), mevalonate kinase deficiency (MKD) and deficiency of the IL-1 receptor antagonist (DIRA), belong to a group of rare immunodysregulatory diseases that primarily present in early childhood with variable multiorgan involvement. When untreated, patients with severe clinical phenotypes have a poor prognosis, and diagnosis and management of these patients can be challenging. However, approved treatments targeting the proinflammatory cytokine IL-1 have been life changing and have significantly improved patient outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To establish evidence-based recommendations for diagnosis, treatment and monitoring of patients with IL-1 mediated autoinflammatory diseases to standardise their management. METHODS: A multinational, multidisciplinary task force consisting of physician experts, including rheumatologists, patients or caregivers and allied healthcare professionals, was established. Evidence synthesis, including systematic literature review and expert consensus (Delphi) via surveys, was conducted. Consensus methodology was used to formulate and vote on statements to guide optimal patient care. RESULTS: The task force devised five overarching principles, 14 statements related to diagnosis, 10 on therapy, and nine focused on long-term monitoring that were evidence and/or consensus-based for patients with IL-1 mediated diseases. An outline was developed for disease-specific monitoring of inflammation-induced organ damage progression and reported treatments of CAPS, TRAPS, MKD and DIRA. CONCLUSION: The 2021 EULAR/American College of Rheumatology points to consider represent state-of-the-art knowledge based on published data and expert opinion to guide diagnostic evaluation, treatment and monitoring of patients with CAPS, TRAPS, MKD and DIRA, and to standardise and improve care, quality of life and disease outcomes.


Assuntos
Síndromes Periódicas Associadas à Criopirina , Doenças Hereditárias Autoinflamatórias , Deficiência de Mevalonato Quinase , Reumatologia , Síndromes Periódicas Associadas à Criopirina/diagnóstico , Síndromes Periódicas Associadas à Criopirina/tratamento farmacológico , Febre , Doenças Hereditárias Autoinflamatórias/diagnóstico , Doenças Hereditárias Autoinflamatórias/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Hereditárias Autoinflamatórias/genética , Humanos , Proteína Antagonista do Receptor de Interleucina 1/uso terapêutico , Interleucina-1 , Deficiência de Mevalonato Quinase/diagnóstico , Deficiência de Mevalonato Quinase/tratamento farmacológico , Qualidade de Vida , Receptores de Interleucina-1/uso terapêutico
11.
Arthritis Rheumatol ; 74(5): 735-751, 2022 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35315249

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Autoinflammatory type I interferonopathies, chronic atypical neutrophilic dermatosis with lipodystrophy and elevated temperature/proteasome-associated autoinflammatory syndrome (CANDLE/PRAAS), stimulator of interferon genes (STING)-associated vasculopathy with onset in infancy (SAVI), and Aicardi-Goutières syndrome (AGS) are rare and clinically complex immunodysregulatory diseases. With emerging knowledge of genetic causes and targeted treatments, a Task Force was charged with the development of "points to consider" to improve diagnosis, treatment, and long-term monitoring of patients with these rare diseases. METHODS: Members of a Task Force consisting of rheumatologists, neurologists, an immunologist, geneticists, patient advocates, and an allied health care professional formulated research questions for a systematic literature review. Then, based on literature, Delphi questionnaires, and consensus methodology, "points to consider" to guide patient management were developed. RESULTS: The Task Force devised consensus and evidence-based guidance of 4 overarching principles and 17 points to consider regarding the diagnosis, treatment, and long-term monitoring of patients with the autoinflammatory interferonopathies, CANDLE/PRAAS, SAVI, and AGS. CONCLUSION: These points to consider represent state-of-the-art knowledge to guide diagnostic evaluation, treatment, and management of patients with CANDLE/PRAAS, SAVI, and AGS and aim to standardize and improve care, quality of life, and disease outcomes.


Assuntos
Doenças Autoimunes do Sistema Nervoso , Malformações do Sistema Nervoso , Reumatologia , Dermatopatias , Doenças Autoimunes do Sistema Nervoso/genética , Eritema Nodoso , Dedos/anormalidades , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida
12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35258553

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: TNF-induced activation of fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS) is a critical determinant for synovial inflammation and joint destruction in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The detrimental role of TNF-receptor 1 (TNFR1) has thoroughly been characterized. The contributions of TNFR2, however, are largely unknown. This study was performed to delineate the role of TNFR2 in human FLS activation. METHODS: TNFR2 expression in synovial tissue samples was determined by immunohistochemistry. Expression of TNFR2 was silenced using RNAi or CRISPR/Cas9 technologies. Global transcriptional changes were determined by RNA-seq. QPCR, ELISA and immunoblotting were used to validate RNA-seq results and to uncover pathways operating downstream of TNFR2 in FLS. RESULTS: TNFR2 expression was increased in RA when compared with OA synovial tissues. In particular, RA-FLS demonstrated higher levels of TNFR2 when compared with OA-FLS. TNFR2 expression in RA-FLS correlated with RA disease activity, synovial T- and B cell infiltration. TNF and IL1ß were identified as inflammatory mediators that upregulate TNFR2 in RA-FLS. Silencing of TNFR2 in RA-FLS markedly diminished the TNF-induced expression of inflammatory cytokines and chemokines, including CXCR3-binding chemokines and the B cell activating factor TNFSF13B. Immunobiochemical analyses revealed that TNFR2-mediated expression of inflammatory mediators critically depends on STAT1. CONCLUSION: Our results define a critical role for TNFR2 in FLS-driven inflammation and unfold its participation in the unresolved course of synovial inflammation in RA.

13.
RMD Open ; 8(1)2022 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35321875

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Rheumatoid factor (RF) and anti-citrullinated protein/peptide antibodies (ACPA) are important biomarkers for diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, there is poor harmonisation of RF and ACPA assays. The aim of this study was to refine RF and ACPA interpretation across commercial assays. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Six total RF isotype-non-specific assays, 3 RF IgM isotype-specific assays and 9 ACPA immunoglobulin G assays of 13 different companies were evaluated using 398 diagnostic samples from patients with RA and 1073 disease controls. RESULTS: Using cut-offs proposed by the manufacturer, there was a large variability in diagnostic sensitivity and specificity between assays. Thresholds of antibody levels were determined based on predefined specificities and used to define test result intervals. Test result interval-specific likelihood ratios (LRs) were concordant across the different RF and ACPA assays. For all assays, the LR for RA increased with increasing antibody level. Higher LRs were found for ACPA than for RF. ACPA levels associated with LRs >80 were found in a substantial fraction (>22%) of patients with RA. CONCLUSION: Defining thresholds for antibody levels and assigning test result interval-specific LRs allows alignment of clinical interpretation for all RF and ACPA assays.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , Fator Reumatoide , Anticorpos Anti-Proteína Citrulinada , Artrite Reumatoide/diagnóstico , Humanos , Peptídeos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
14.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 81(7): 1017-1022, 2022 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35304407

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the humoral response to messenger RNA (mRNA) vaccine of patients with systemic autoimmune rheumatic disease (SARD) and the effect of immunosuppressive medication in a matched cohort study. METHODS: Patients with SARD were enrolled and matched 1:1 for sex and age with healthy control (HC) subjects. Differences in humoral response to two doses of an mRNA vaccine in terms of seroconversion rate (SCR) and SARS-CoV-2 antibody level between the two groups and the impact of treatment within patients with SARD were assessed. RESULTS: We enrolled 82 patients with SARD and 82 matched HC. SCR after the first dose was lower among the patient group than that of HC (65% compared with 100% in HC, p<0.0001) but levelled up after the second dose (94% vs 100%). After the second dose, SCR was lower for patients on combination disease-modifying antirheumatic drug (DMARD) therapy compared with all other groups (81% compared with 95% for monotherapy, p=0.01; 100% for both no DMARD therapy and HC, both p<0.0001). In addition, antibody levels after both doses were lower in patients compared with HC. We found that vaccination response was determined primarily by the number of DMARDs and/or glucocorticoids received, with patients receiving combination therapy (dual and triple therapy) showing the poorest response. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with SARD showed a good response after the second vaccination with an mRNA vaccine. However, the choice of immunosuppressive medication has a marked effect on both SCR and overall antibody level, and the number of different immunomodulatory therapies determines vaccination response.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos , COVID-19 , Doenças Reumáticas , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Vacinas contra COVID-19 , Estudos de Coortes , Humanos , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Estudos Prospectivos , Doenças Reumáticas/tratamento farmacológico , SARS-CoV-2 , Vacinação , Vacinas Sintéticas , Vacinas de mRNA
17.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 81(6): 838-844, 2022 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35210264

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Polymyalgia rheumatica is the second most common inflammatory rheumatic disease of people >50 years. Glucocorticoid therapy is highly effective, but many patients require treatment for several years. Effective glucocorticoid sparing agents are still needed. METHODS: In this double-blind, multi-centre phase 2/3 clinical trial, we randomly assigned 36 patients with new onset polymyalgia rheumatica from three centres to receive subcutaneous tocilizumab (162 mg per week) or placebo for 16 weeks (1:1 ratio). All patients received oral prednisone, tapered from 20 mg to 0 mg over 11 weeks.The primary endpoint was the proportion of patients in glucocorticoid-free remission at week 16; key secondary endpoints, including time to first relapse and cumulative glucocorticoid dose at weeks 16 and 24, were evaluated. RESULTS: From 20 November 2017 to 28 October 2019 39 patients were screened for eligibility; 19 patients received tocilizumab and 17 placebo. Glucocorticoid-free remission at week 16 was achieved in 12 out of 19 patients on tocilizumab (63.2%) and 2 out of 17 patients receiving placebo (11.8%, p=0.002), corresponding to an OR of 12.9 (95 % CI: 2.2 to 73.6) in favour of tocilizumab. Mean (±SD) time to first relapse was 130±13 and 82±11 days (p=0.007), respectively, and the median (IQR) cumulative glucocorticoid dose was 727 (721-842) mg and 935 (861-1244) mg (p=0.003), respectively. Serious adverse events were observed in five placebo patients and one tocilizumab patient. CONCLUSION: In patients with new onset polymyalgia rheumatica undergoing rapid glucocorticoid tapering, tocilizumab was superior to placebo regarding sustained glucocorticoid-free remission, time to relapse and cumulative glucocorticoid dose. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT03263715.


Assuntos
Arterite de Células Gigantes , Polimialgia Reumática , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados , Esquema de Medicação , Arterite de Células Gigantes/tratamento farmacológico , Glucocorticoides , Humanos , Polimialgia Reumática/induzido quimicamente , Polimialgia Reumática/tratamento farmacológico , Recidiva , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 81(5): 622-631, 2022 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35193872

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate if baricitinib, a Janus kinase inhibitor, further enhances disease-modifying effects by uncoupling the link between disease activity and structural damage progression in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) using two phase III randomised, double-blinded trials. METHODS: In RA-BEAM, patients with established RA and inadequate response to methotrexate (MTX-IR) received placebo (PBO), baricitinib 4 mg or adalimumab 40 mg on background MTX. In RA-BEGIN, conventional synthetic disease-modifying antirheumatic drug (csDMARD)-naïve patients received MTX, baricitinib 4 mg or baricitinib 4 mg plus MTX. Using linear regression analyses, joint damage progression (assessed by change from baseline in van der Heijde modification of the Total Sharp Score) was compared between treatment groups for patients achieving certain disease activity states by the Clinical Disease Activity Index. Time-averaged postbaseline responses were used to week 24 (RA-BEAM) and week 52 (RA-BEGIN). RESULTS: For MTX-IR patients, structural damage progression was reduced regardless of disease activity states in baricitinib-treated patients (p=0.6), whereas in PBO patients there was a clear dependence on disease activity states, being significantly lower in those who achieved remission/low disease activity (REM/LDA) compared with moderate/high disease activity (MDA/HDA) (p=0.02). Furthermore, the baricitinib MDA/HDA group had less damage progression than the PBO MDA/HDA group (p<0.001). For csDMARD-naïve patients, progression was lower in REM/LDA versus MDA/HDA within the MTX group (p<0.001). However, for baricitinib+MTX (p=0.5) or baricitinib monotherapy (p=0.07), progression was similar regardless of disease activity. In MDA/HDA groups, progression was lower with baricitinib+MTX (p<0.001) and numerically lower with baricitinib monotherapy (p=0.07) versus MTX. C reactive protein (≤5 mg/L and >5 mg/L) sensitivity analyses supported the primary findings. CONCLUSIONS: Baricitinib reduces structural damage progression versus PBO with background MTX and/or MTX, even in patients with MDA/HDA, showing a disease-modifying effect across all disease activity states.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos , Artrite Reumatoide , Azetidinas , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Azetidinas/uso terapêutico , Progressão da Doença , Método Duplo-Cego , Quimioterapia Combinada , Humanos , Metotrexato/uso terapêutico , Purinas , Pirazóis , Sulfonamidas/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 81(5): 687-694, 2022 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35027397

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: SARS-CoV-2-induced COVID-19 has led to exponentially rising mortality, particularly in immunosuppressed patients, who inadequately respond to conventional COVID-19 vaccination. METHODS: In this blinded randomised clinical trial, we compare the efficacy and safety of an additional booster vaccination with a vector versus mRNA vaccine in non-seroconverted patients. We assigned 60 patients under rituximab treatment, who did not seroconvert after their primary mRNA vaccination with either BNT162b2 (Pfizer-BioNTech) or mRNA-1273 (Moderna), to receive a third dose, either using the same mRNA or the vector vaccine ChAdOx1 nCoV-19 (Oxford-AstraZeneca). Patients were stratified according to the presence of peripheral B cells. The primary efficacy endpoint was the difference in the SARS-CoV-2 antibody seroconversion rate between vector (heterologous) and mRNA (homologous) vaccinated patients by week 4. Key secondary endpoints included the overall seroconversion and cellular immune response; safety was assessed at week 1 and week 4. RESULTS: Seroconversion rates at week 4 were comparable between vector (6/27 patients, 22%) and mRNA (9/28, 32%) vaccines (p=0.6). Overall, 27% of patients seroconverted; specific T cell responses were observed in 20/20 (100%) vector versus 13/16 (81%) mRNA vaccinated patients. Newly induced humoral and/or cellular responses occurred in 9/11 (82%) patients. 3/37 (8%) of patients without and 12/18 (67%) of the patients with detectable peripheral B cells seroconverted. No serious adverse events, related to immunisation, were observed. CONCLUSIONS: This enhanced humoral and/or cellular immune response supports an additional booster vaccination in non-seroconverted patients irrespective of a heterologous or homologous vaccination regimen.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , Anticorpos Antivirais , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Vacinas contra COVID-19/efeitos adversos , Humanos , RNA Mensageiro , Soroconversão , Vacinação , Vacinas Sintéticas
20.
ACR Open Rheumatol ; 4(3): 269-270, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35089654
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