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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33396272

RESUMO

Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disorder that affects postural and cardiac autonomic control. However, since it is unknown whether these changes are associated, the objective of this study was to determine whether such a relationship exists. Twenty-three patients with PD participated. The RR intervals were recorded in different positions and heart rate variability (HRV) was analyzed. Postural sway was analyzed based on the center of pressure. No significant differences on HRV indices were induced by postural change. A correlation was found between these indices and postural control, high frequency (HF), and anterior-posterior (AP) root mean square (RMS-AP) (r = 0.422, p = 0.045), low frequency (LF)/HF, and AP mean velocity (r = 0.478, p = 0.021). A correlation was found between HRV induced by postural change and postural control, Δ LF/HF and RMS-AP (r = 0.448, p = 0.032), Δ LF/HF and ellipse area (r = 0.505, p = 0.014), Δ LF/HF and AP mean velocity (r = -0.531; p = 0.009), and Δ LF and AP mean velocity (r = -0.424, p = 0.044). There is an association between the autonomic and postural systems, such that PD patients with blunted cardiac autonomic function in both the supine and orthostatic positions have worse postural control.


Assuntos
Sistema Nervoso Autônomo/fisiopatologia , Coração/fisiopatologia , Doença de Parkinson/fisiopatologia , Equilíbrio Postural , Idoso , Feminino , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
2.
Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica ; 33(1): 74-82, 2016 Mar.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27384625

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To describe the microbiological and therapeutic characteristics of confirmed neonatal sepsis, and determineits incidence and mortality, at the National Hospital Arzobispo Loayza (HNAL) from 2011 to 2012, Lima, Peru. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective longitudinal study. It was performed a monitoring to newborns with probable sepsis, and assessed the results from positive blood cultures. The newborns' characteristics were obtained from medical records. The acumulated incidences of confirmed sepsis, mortality and fatality rates were determined. Quantitative variables were reported as men ± standard deviation or median (interquartile range). Qualitative variables were reported as relative frequencies and percentages. RESULTS: The incidence of confirmed sepsis was 4.1 per 1 000 live births (95% confidence interval [CI]: 2.7-5.5). The mortality rate was 0.97 per 1 000 live births (95% CI: 0.29-1.63) and the fatality rate was 23.5% (95% CI: 9-37). The most commonly isolated organism was coagulase-negative Staphylococcus, followed by Staphylococcus aureus, both with high rates of oxacillin resistance (90% and 66.6%, respectively). A 67% of the newborns were treated using ampicillin/amikacin or ampicillin/cefotaxime. Antibiotics were changed in 58% of the newborns because of poor clinical/laboratory evolution or blood culture results. In most cases the seconds antibiotic was vancomycin (42.8%). CONCLUSIONS: There is a high incidence of confirmed sepsis and a high fatality rate. The administered treatments were not consistent with the microbiological profiles.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Sepse Neonatal , Staphylococcus aureus/isolamento & purificação , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Sepse Neonatal/metabolismo , Sepse Neonatal/terapia , Peru , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sepse , Infecções Estafilocócicas/diagnóstico , Infecções Estafilocócicas/terapia
3.
Rev. Fac. Med. (Guatemala) ; 1(21 Segunda Época): 22-29, jul - dic 2016.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-968536

RESUMO

Introducción: La complicación más común de la colangiopancreatografía retrógrada endoscópica (CPRE) es la pancreatitis; la incidencia va de un 5 a 7% en general y este número sube a un 10 a 15% en pacientes de alto riesgo; la Sociedad Americana de Endoscopía Gastrointestinal recomienda la profilaxis medicamentosa para prevenir la pancreatitis post CPRE en centros donde la incidencia supera este número o en pacientes con alto riesgo de padecerla, por lo que es necesario tener la epidemiología en todos los centros donde se realice este procedimiento. Objetivos: Obtener la epidemiología de la pancreatitis post CPRE en procedimientos realizados en el Hospital General San Juan de Dios (HGSD) y determinar los factores de riesgo. Metodología: Se observó a 53 pacientes que fueron sometidos a CPRE en el HGSD por 48 horas. Si los pacientes presentaban dolor abdominal típico de pancreatitis, se les midió niveles de amilasa y lipasa en sangre; si estos estaban elevados más de 5 veces el valor normal superior, se diagnosticó pancreatitis post CPRE (PEP). Se obtuvieron datos tanto del paciente como del procedimiento y así se determinó la incidencia de esta complicación y sus factores de riesgo. Resultados: Se obtuvo datos de 53 pacientes sometidos a CPRE, 38 fueron mujeres y 15 hombres. El promedio de edad fue de 44.86 años (+ 14.98). El factor de riesgo más común fue esfinterotomía en 40 pacientes. Solamente 1 paciente desarrolló PEP (1.88%). La pancreatitis fue leve, sin ninguna complicación adicional. La indicación principal de las CPRE realizadas fue la coledocolitiasis en 24 pacientes. Discusión: Se debe dar profilaxis medicamentosa solamente a pacientes de alto riesgo en el HGSD, debido a que la incidencia de pancreatitis es 1.88%, lo cual está incluso por debajo de los límites aceptados por la Sociedad Americana de Endoscopía Gastrointestinal. Conclusión: La incidencia de pancreatitis post CPRE está dentro de los límites aceptados. Sin embargo se deben hacer estudios más grandes para conocer la incidencia en pacientes de alto riesgo.


Introduction: The most common complication of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is pancreatitis, its incidence is 5-7% overall and this number rises to 10 to 15% in high-risk patients. The American Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy recommends drug prophylaxis to prevent post-ERCP pancreatitis (PEP) in centers where the incidence exceeds this number or patients at high risk of presenting this complication; therefore, the epidemiology in each center where this procedure is performed needs to be known. Objectives: To ascertain the epidemiology of PEP in procedures performed in the San Juan de Dios General Hospital (HGSD) and identify risk factors. Methodology: Fifty three (53) patients who underwent ERCP in HGSD were followed during 48 hours. Patients who presented typical abdominal pain, serum amylase and lipase were measured; if they showed more than 5 folds the upper normal value, post-ERCP pancreatitis (PEP) was diagnosed. Data from both the patient and the procedure were obtained and therefore the incidence of this complication was assumed, the risk factors was also determined. Results: Data from 53 patients undergoing ERCP was obtained: 38 women and 15 men. The average age was 44.86 years (+ 14.98). The most common risk factor was sphincterotomy in 40 patients. Only one patient developed post-ERCP pancreatitis (1.88%). Pancreatitis was mild without any other complications. The main indication for ERCP was choledocholithiasis in 24 patients. Discussion: Drug prophylaxis should be given only to high-risk patients due to a low risk of incidence of pancreatitis is 1.88%, which is within the limits accepted by the American Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy. Conclusion: The incidence of post-ERCP pancreatitis is within acceptable limits but larger studies need to be carried out in order to know the incidence of PEP in high-risk patients.

4.
Rev. peru. med. exp. salud publica ; 33(1): 74-82, ene.-mar. 2016. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, LIPECS, INS-PERU | ID: lil-790812

RESUMO

Describir las características microbiológicas y terapéuticas de la sepsis neonatal confirmada. Además, determinar su incidencia y mortalidad en el Hospital Nacional Arzobispo Loayza (HNAL) del 2011 al 2012, Lima, Perú. Materiales y métodos. Estudio longitudinal retrospectivo. Se realizó seguimiento a neonatos con sepsis probable, evaluando aparición de hemocultivo positivo. Las características de los neonatos fueron obtenidas de las historias clínicas. Se determinó la incidencia acumulada de sepsis confirmada, tasa de mortalidad y tasa de letalidad. Para las variables cuantitativas se usó la media con desviación estándar o la mediana con rangos intercuartílicos, según corresponda. Para variables cualitativas se usó frecuencias relativas y porcentajes. Resultados. La incidencia de sepsis confirmada fue de 4,1 por cada 1000 nacidos vivos (IC 95%: 2,7-5,5). La tasa de mortalidad fue de 0,97 por cada 1000 nacidos vivos (IC 95%: 0,29-1,63) y la tasa de letalidad fue de 23,5% (IC 95%: 9-37). Los aislamientos más frecuentes fueron de Staphylococcus coagulasa negativo, seguido por el Staphylococcus aureus; ambos con altas tasas de resistencia a oxacilina (90 y 66,6%, respectivamente). A un 67% se inició amipicilina/amikacina o ampicilina/cefotaxima. Se rotó de antibióticos a un 58% de neonatos por mala evolución clínica/laboratorial o por resultado de hemocultivo, iniciando vancomicina a la mayoría (42,8%). Conclusiones. Existe una elevada incidencia de sepsis confirmada y una elevada tasa de letalidad. La terapéutica administrada no estuvo acorde con el perfil microbiológico...


To describe the microbiological and therapeutic characteristics of confirmed neonatal sepsis, and determine its incidence and mortality, at the National Hospital Arzobispo Loayza (HNAL) from 2011 to 2012, Lima, Peru. Materials and Methods. Retrospective longitudinal study. It was performed a monitoring to newborns with probable sepsis, and assessed the results from positive blood cultures. The newborns' characteristics were obtained from medical records. The acumulated incidences of confirmed sepsis, mortality and fatality rates were determined. Quantitative variables were reported as men ± standard deviation or median (interquartile range). Qualitative variables were reported as relative frequencies and percentages. Results. The incidence of confirmed sepsis was 4.1 per 1 000 live births (95% confidence interval [CI]: 2.7-5.5). The mortality rate was 0.97 per 1 000 live births (95% CI: 0.29-1.63) and the fatality rate was 23.5% (95% CI: 9-37). The most commonly isolated organism was coagulase-negative Staphylococcus, followed by Staphylococcus aureus, both with high rates of oxacillin resistance (90% and 66.6%, respectively). A 67% of the newborns were treated using ampicillin/amikacin or ampicillin/cefotaxime. Antibiotics were changed in 58% of the newborns because of poor clinical/laboratory evolution or blood culture results. In most cases the seconds antibiotic was vancomycin (42.8%). Conclusions. There is a high incidence of confirmed sepsis and a high fatality rate. The administered treatments were not consistent with the microbiological profiles...


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Incidência , Recém-Nascido , Sepse , Sepse/mortalidade , Sepse/terapia , Estudos Longitudinais , Estudos Retrospectivos
6.
Rev. cuba. med ; 13(5): 573-580, sept.-oct. 1974. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | CUMED | ID: cum-29279
7.
Rev. cuba. med ; 12(2): 145-160, mar.-abr. 1973. ilus, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | CUMED | ID: cum-25246

RESUMO

Se realiza un estudio basado en el criterio de que mediante el hallazgo de la microangiopatia se puede establecer un tratamiento precoz de la diabetes mellitus. Se exponen las diferentes manifestaciones clínicas consecutivas al trastorno del metabolismo de los prótidos e isquemia vascular microangiopática. Se presenta el estudio estadístico de 128 casos con índice sospechoso de diabetes premellitus a los que se realizó biopsia de piel o músculo vasto externo. Se analiza el cuadro clínico de los pacientes de acuerdo a los resultados de dicha biopsia(AU)


Assuntos
Angiopatias Diabéticas , Doenças Vasculares , Diabetes Mellitus
8.
Rev. cuba. med ; 11(2): 185-195, mar.-abr. 1972.
Artigo em Espanhol | CUMED | ID: cum-27589
9.
Rev. cuba. med ; 10(4): 419-428, jul.-ago. 1971.
Artigo em Espanhol | CUMED | ID: cum-27545

Assuntos
Obesidade
11.
Rev. cuba. med ; 5(2): 212-218, abr. 1966.
Artigo em Espanhol | CUMED | ID: cum-27724
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