Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 32
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Cleft Palate Craniofac J ; : 1055665620929224, 2020 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32500737

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This systematic review aims to evaluate nasoalveolar molding (NAM) in the context of burden of care defined as physical, psychosocial, or financial burden on caregivers. SEARCH METHODS: Following Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines, 5 databases were searched from inception through December 24, 2019, for keywords and subject headings pertaining to cleft lip and/or palate and NAM. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: Clinical studies on NAM with reference to physical (access to care, number of visits, distance traveled), psychosocial (caregiver perceptions, family interactions, breast milk feeding), and financial (direct and indirect costs) burden were included. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: Study selection was performed by 2 independent reviewers. RESULTS: The search identified 1107 articles and 114 articles remained for qualitative synthesis. Burden of care domains were discussed but not measured in 43% of articles and only 25% assessed burden of care through a primary outcome. Of these, 20 articles reported on physical, 8 articles on psychosocial, and 12 articles on financial burden. Quality of evidence is limited by study design and risk of bias. CONCLUSION: Nasoalveolar molding has been indiscriminately associated with burden of care in the literature. Although NAM may not be the ideal treatment option for all patients and families, the physical considerations are limited when accounting for the observed psychosocial advantages. Financial burden appears to be offset, but further research is required. Teams should directly assess the impact of this early intervention on the well-being of caregivers and advance strategies that improve access to care.

4.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 2020 Jun 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32590512

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Virtual surgical planning (VSP) has contributed to technical advancements in free fibula flap mandible reconstruction. We present the largest comparative study on the latest modification of this technology: the use of patient-specific, preoperatively customized reconstruction plates for fixation. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed on all patients undergoing mandibular reconstruction with virtually planned free fibula flaps at a single institution between 2008 and 2018. Patient demographics, perioperative characteristics and postoperative outcomes were reviewed. Reconstructions utilizing traditional fixation methods were compared to those utilizing pre-fabricated, patient-specific reconstruction plates. RESULTS: A total of 126 patients (mean age 48.5 ± 20.3 years; 61.1% male) underwent mandibular reconstruction with free fibula flap. Mean follow-up time was 23.5 months. A customized plate was used in 43.7% of cases. Reconstructions with patient-specific plates had significantly shorter total operative times compared to non-customized fixation methods (643.0 vs. 741.7 minutes, p=0.001). Hardware complications occurred in 11.1% of patients, with a trend towards a lower rate in the customized plate group (5.5% vs. 15.5%, p=0.091). Multivariate regression showed that the use of customized plates was a significant independent predictor of less overall complications (p=0.03), shorter operative time (p=0.014), and shorter length of stay (p=0.001). CONCLUSION: Compared to traditional fixation methods, patient-specific plates are associated with less complications, shorter operative times, and reduced length of stay. The use of customized reconstruction plates increases efficiency and represents the latest technological innovation in mandibular reconstruction.

5.
J Craniofac Surg ; 2020 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32176014

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The authors present an institutional experience treating congenital and acquired temporomandibular joint (TMJ) ankylosis, detailing outcomes and potential risk factors of recurrence. METHODS: Retrospective chart review identified patients with TMJ ankylosis (1976-2019). Clinical records, operative reports, and imaging studies were reviewed for demographics, surgical operations, and ankylosis including maximal interincisal opening (MIO) and re-ankylosis. RESULTS: Forty-four TMJs with bony ankylosis were identified in 28 patients (mean age at any initial mandibular surgery: 3.7; range:0-14 years). Follow-up was 13.7 ±â€Š5.9 years. Sixteen (57.1%) patients had bilateral ankylosis; 27(96.4%) had syndromes. Nine patients had congenital ankylosis, 16 had iatrogenic ankylosis (4.5 ±â€Š3.7 years from initial distraction osteogenesis or autologous mandibular reconstruction) referred from outside institutions in 6 instances, and 3 had post-infectious ankylosis. Patients having their first mandibular operation at a younger age had more frequent reoperations for recurrent TMJ ankylosis, although this did not reach statistical significance. Mean improvement in MIO was 21.4 ±â€Š7.3 mm. Ankylosis recurred in 21 (75%) patients. Five patients with congenital TMJ ankylosis required gastrostomy and remained at least partially dependent. Five patients had tracheostomy at the time of TMJ ankylosis surgery: 2 were eventually decannulated and 3 required repeat tracheostomy after ankylosis recurrence and remained tracheostomy-dependent. CONCLUSION: The clinical course of TMJ ankylosis in children affected by craniofacial differences is complex and typically involves a high rate of recurrence and multiple reoperations despite initial improvement in postoperative MIO. Younger age at initial mandibular surgery and number of operations require further investigation as potential predictors of recurrent TMJ ankylosis as well as tracheostomy and gastrostomy dependence.

6.
J Reconstr Microsurg ; 36(4): 289-293, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31994158

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There are many different variables to consider in lower extremity microvascular soft tissue reconstruction including flap choice. Our aim is to objectively evaluate recipient complications related to lower extremity donor flap laterality. METHODS: A total of 77 lower extremity soft tissue reconstructions utilizing microvascular free tissue transfers for Gustilo type III between 1979 and 2016 were collected. We compared complication rates between ipsilateral and contralateral donor sites relative to the injured leg. The following parameters were analyzed: overall complications, total flap failure, partial flap failure, major complications, operative takebacks, and salvage rates. RESULTS: In this study, 25 ipsilateral reconstructions were performed, while 52 cases utilized the contralateral leg. Overall complication rates were higher in the ipsilateral group (40.0%) compared with the contralateral side (23.1%) but were not statistically significant (p = 0.12). The ipsilateral group was four times as likely to experience vascular compromise (24.0 vs. 5.8%; p = 0.05). However, there were no significant differences in complications, flap failures or flap survival. Mean operative time was significantly greater in the same side group as compared with the contralateral group (11.3 vs. 7.5 hours; p = 0.006). CONCLUSION: Although there is a higher risk of anastomotic thrombosis, particularly venous thrombosis, associated with ipsilateral donor-site group, there were no significant differences in complications or flap survival. Flaps can be harvested from a traumatized leg with acceptable complication rates while avoiding the morbidity of operating on an uninjured limb.

7.
J Craniofac Surg ; 31(4): 931-933, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31985596

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Digital simulators are potential solutions to challenges facing surgical education. The authors sought to evaluate the reach and utilization of a freely-accessible craniofacial surgery digital educational simulator. More importantly, we compare usage patterns between web-based and mobile-based platforms. METHODS: A 3-way collaboration between academic, non-profit (myFace, New York, NY), and biotechnology (Biodigital, New York, NY) stakeholders in 2015 produced the Craniofacial Interactive Virtual Assistant Pro (CIVA-Pro). CIVA-Pro is a freely-accessible craniofacial surgery digital educational simulator. In addition to the web-based platform, a mobile-based platform was launched in 2017. Usage analytics were collected and analyzed. RESULTS: Since its launch, 751 registered users from 117 countries had accessed CIVA-Pro. The total number of sessions was 9531, including 7500 web and 2031 mobile sessions. The total screen time was 403.9 hours, 290.3 for the web and 113.6 for the mobile platform. Comparison of the mean monthly screen time and number of monthly sessions between platforms since 2017 demonstrated a significantly higher mean monthly screen time (60.1 ±â€Š33.2 versus 29.4 ±â€Š16.5 hours; P = 0.002) and number of sessions (110.2 ±â€Š36.1 versus 58.1 ±â€Š31.9; P < 0.0001) for the mobile-based platform. The mean screen time per session was comparable (P = 0.86). CONCLUSION: A freely available digital craniofacial surgery educational simulator designed for surgical trainees can achieve significant global reach. Significantly higher utilization of the mobile-based platform of the simulator as compared to the web-based platform reinforces the need to invest in user-friendly, easily accessible, and widely available digital educational resources by key stakeholders to ensure optimal plastic surgery trainee education.

8.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 145(1): 184e-192e, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31609286

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Simulation is a standard component of residency training in many surgical subspecialties, yet its impact on knowledge and skills acquisition in plastic surgery training remains poorly defined. The authors evaluated the potential benefits of simulation-based cleft surgery learning in plastic surgery resident education through a prospective, randomized, blinded trial. METHODS: Thirteen plastic surgery residents were randomized to a digital simulator or textbook demonstrating unilateral cleft lip repair. The following parameters were evaluated before and after randomization: knowledge of surgical steps, procedural confidence, markings performance on a three-dimensional stone model, and surgical performance using a hands-on/high-fidelity three-dimensional haptic model. Participant satisfaction with either educational tool was also assessed. Two expert reviewers blindly graded markings and surgical performance. Intraclass correlation coefficients were calculated. Wilcoxon signed rank and Mann-Whitney U tests were used. RESULTS: Interrater reliability was strong for preintervention and postintervention grading of markings [preintervention intraclass correlation coefficient, 0.97 (p < 0.001); postintervention intraclass correlation coefficient, 0.96 (p < 0.001)] and surgical [preintervention intraclass correlation coefficient, 0.83 (p = 0.002); postintervention intraclass correlation coefficient, 0.81 (p = 0.004)] performance. Postintervention surgical knowledge (40.3 ± 4.4 versus 33.5 ± 3.7; p = 0.03), procedural confidence (24.0 ± 7.0 versus 14.7 ± 2.3; p = 0.03), markings performance (8.0 ± 2.5 versus 2.9 ± 3.1; p = 0.03), and surgical performance (12.3 ± 2.5 versus 8.2 ± 2.3; p = 0.04) significantly improved in the digital simulation group compared with before intervention, but not in the textbook group. All participants were more satisfied with the digital simulator as an educational tool (27.7 ± 2.5 versus 14.4 ± 4.4; p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: The authors present evidence suggesting that digital cognitive simulators lead to significant improvement in surgical knowledge, procedural confidence, markings performance, and surgical performance.

9.
Ann Plast Surg ; 83(6): 660-663, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31688100

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is no quantitative evidence supporting one unilateral cleft lip (UCL) repair technique over the other with regard to scarring. We sought to evaluate the difference between the extended Mohler and Millard techniques, using 3 scar assessment scales. METHODS: Postoperative frontal and basal photographs of patients undergoing UCL repair were reviewed. Three validated scar assessment scales were used: the Manchester Scar Scale (MSS), modified scar-rating scale (MSRS), and Stony Brook Scar Evaluation Scale. Lip and nose scars were rated by 5 independent raters using each of the scales. Interrater reliability was assessed using the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC). RESULTS: Assessment of 116 images for 58 consecutive patients undergoing UCL repair (36 extended Mohler, 22 Millard) was performed. Interrater reliability was excellent for lip scars (ICCs, 0.903 [0.857-0.938] for MSS, 0.913 [0.872-0.944] for MSRS, and 0.850 [0.775-0.902] for SBES) and moderate for nose scar assessment (ICCs, 0.714 [0.579-0.816] for MSS, 0.693 [0.548-0.802] for MSRS, and 0.565 [0.359-0.720] for SBES). No statistically significant difference was found between the extended Mohler and Millard repairs in mean lip scar scores (MSS, 6.983 ± 1.469 vs 6.772 ± 1.175, P = 0.571; MSRS, 5.433 ± 1.530 vs 5.481 ± 1.290, P = 0.902; SBES, 3.633 ± 0.977 vs 3.446 ± 0.995, P = 0.483) or nose scar scores (MSS, 5.644 ± 1.131 vs 5.491 ± 0.689, P = 0.523; MSRS, 4.233 ± 0.987 vs 3.991 ± 0.705, P = 0.320; SBES, 3.933 ± 0.750 vs 4.018 ± 0.486, P = 0.603). CONCLUSIONS: Using 3 validated scar assessment scales, no significant difference was found between the extended Mohler and Millard techniques in terms of lip or nose scars.

11.
AMA J Ethics ; 21(11): E980-987, 2019 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31742547

RESUMO

Facial transplantation has gained increasing acceptance as a treatment option to improve quality of life (QoL) for persons suffering from severe facial disfigurement. Despite its growth, the field has yet to establish a consistent approach to assessing QoL in face transplant candidates and recipients that includes integration of meaningful patient-reported outcomes. The published literature suggests that face transplant programs currently use a wide variety of assessment tools and strategies. Moreover, confusion remains as to how best to weigh patients' lived experiences and incorporate them into QoL assessments. Qualitative research can illuminate the dimensions of QoL that are meaningful to face transplant candidates and recipients. Coupled with collaboration and data sharing across face transplant programs, qualitative research will help to bring conceptual clarity and transparency to the assessment process.

12.
Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open ; 7(8): e2379, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31592022

RESUMO

Face transplant (FT) candidates present with unique anatomic and functional defects unsuitable for autologous reconstruction, making the accurate design and transplantation of patient-specific allografts particularly challenging. In this case series, we present our computerized surgical planning (CSP) protocol for FT. Methods: CSP, computer-aided design and manufacturing, intraoperative navigation, and intraoperative computerized tomography have been successfully incorporated into a comprehensive protocol. Three consecutive FTs were performed. CSP and postoperative results were compared using computerized tomography-derived cephalometric measurements, and the literature was reviewed. Results: Two full and 1 partial FT were successfully performed using the CSP protocol. CSP facilitated the execution of FT with minor angular and translational cephalometric variations on immediate postoperative imaging. Our evolving experience was accompanied by a decreased reliance on cadaveric simulation, from 10 mock transplants and a research procurement before the senior author's first clinical FT (2012) to 6 mock transplants and no research procurement before the third FT (2018). Operative time was significantly reduced from 36 to 25 hours, as was the need for major orthognathic surgical revision. This reflects the learning curve and variable case complexity, but it is also representative of improved planning and execution, complemented by the systematic incorporation of CSP into FT. Conclusions: A CSP protocol allows for refinement of operative flow, technique, and outcomes in partial and full FT. Standards for functional and esthetic outcomes are bound to evolve with the field's growth, and computerized planning and execution offer a reproducible approach to FT through objective quality assurance.

13.
Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open ; 7(8): e2347, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31592029

RESUMO

Recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) is one of the most commonly used osteogenic agents in the craniofacial skeleton. This study reviews the safety and efficacy of rhBMP-2 as applied to craniofacial reconstruction and assesses the level of scientific evidence currently available. Methods: An extensive literature search was conducted. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs), case series and reports in the English language as well as Food and Drug Administration reports were reviewed. Studies were graded using the Oxford Center for Evidence-Based Medicine Levels of Evidence Scale. Data heterogeneity precluded quantitative analysis. Results: Seventeen RCTs (Levels of evidence: Ib-IIb) were identified evaluating the use of rhBMP-2 in maxillary sinus, alveolar ridge, alveolar cleft, or cranial defect reconstruction (sample size: 7-160; age: 8-75 years). Study designs varied in rigor, with follow-up ranging 3-36 months, and outcome assessment relying on clinical exam, radiology, and/or histology. There was wide variation in rhBMP-2 concentrations, carriers, and controls. Most studies evaluating rhBMP-2 for cranial defect closure, mandibular reconstruction, or distraction osteogenesis consisted of retrospective cohorts and case reports. The evidence fails to support RhBMP-2 use in maxillary sinus wall augmentation, calvarial reconstruction, mandibular reconstruction, or distraction osteogenesis. RhBMP-2 may be effective in alveolar reconstruction in adults, but is associated with increased postoperative edema. Conclusions: A risk-benefit ratio favoring rhBMP-2 over alternative substitutes remains to be demonstrated for most applications in plastic and reconstructive surgery. Long-term data on craniofacial growth is lacking, and using rhBMP-2 in patients younger than 18 years remains off-label.

14.
Ann Plast Surg ; 83(4S Suppl 1): S31-S44, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31513064

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Development of diabetic foot ulcers is a common complication of diabetes. Standard-of-care (SOC) therapy alone is often not sufficient to heal these wounds, resulting in application of adjuvant wound therapies including biologic skin substitutes. Although a variety of products exist, it has been difficult to formulate conclusions on their clinical efficacy. We therefore performed a systematic review and meta-analysis on the efficacy of healing diabetic foot ulcers with biologic skin substitutes. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted in accordance with PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses). Four electronic databases (PubMed/MEDLINE, EMBASE [Ovid], Cochrane CENTRAL [Ovid], and Web of Science) were searched from inception through February 27, 2019. Searches included keywords and subject headings pertaining to 3 main concepts: biologic skin substitutes, wound healing, and diabetic foot ulcers. Cochrane randomized controlled trial filters were used to narrow results. Data were extracted from 54 included articles, and risk-of-bias assessments were conducted by 2 independent reviewers. The primary objective was to calculate a pooled risk ratio for the proportion of wounds completely closed by 12 weeks. Secondary objectives included a pooled risk ratio for the proportion of wounds completely closed by 6 weeks and mean time to healing. RESULTS: Twenty-five studies were identified that assessed the proportion of complete wound closure by 12 weeks. We found that wounds treated with biologic dressings were 1.67 times more likely to heal by 12 weeks than those treated with SOC dressings (P < 0.00001). Five studies assessed the proportion of complete wound closure by 6 weeks. Wounds treated with biologic dressings were 2.81 times more likely to heal by 6 weeks than those treated with SOC dressings (P = 0.0001). Descriptively, 29 of 31 studies that assessed time to healing favored biologic dressings over SOC dressings. CONCLUSIONS: This systematic review provides supporting evidence that biologic skin substitutes are more effective than SOC dressings at healing diabetic foot ulcers by 12 weeks. Future studies must address the relative benefits of different skin substitutes as well as the long-term implications of these products and their financial considerations.

16.
J Craniofac Surg ; 30(7): 2194-2197, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31524753

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Extended Mohler cleft lip repair restores upper lip form using a columellar flap to fill the defect created by the downward rotation of Cupid's bow. The resulting columella incision is mentioned as a potential drawback. This study seeks to evaluate the morbidity of the resulting scar. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study enrolled 50 unilateral cleft lip patients treated using the Extended Mohler repair. 5 reviewers examined post-operative images. Three validated scar assessment scales were utilized: Manchester Scar Scale (MSS), Modified Scar-Rating Scale (MSRS), and Stony Brook Scar Evaluation Scale (SBSES). A scar score for the lip and columellar portion of each patient was determined. RESULTS: Three different scar scales demonstrated significantly better scar quality for the columellar portion of the scar compared to the lip portion. The average score for the lip and columella using the MSS was 7.0 ±â€Š1.4 and 5.7 ±â€Š1.1 (P <0.001). The average score for the lip and columella using the MSRS was 5.5 ±â€Š1.4 and 4.3 ±â€Š0.9 (P <0.001). The average score for the lip and columella using the SBSES was 3.5 ±â€Š1.1 and 3.9 ±â€Š0.7 (P = 0.014). The intraclass correlation coefficient for lip scar assessments was 0.901 (MSS), 0.91 (MSRS), and 0.873 (Stony Brook Evaluation Scale [SBES]). The intraclass correlation coefficient for columellar scar assessment was 0.786 (MSS), 0.761 (MSRS), and 0.726 (SBES). CONCLUSION: The Extended Mohler unilateral cleft lip columellar scar is of superior quality compared to the lip portion. This analysis ameliorates one of the major concerns regarding the Extended Mohler cleft lip repair.


Assuntos
Cicatriz/cirurgia , Fenda Labial/cirurgia , Cóclea/cirurgia , Septo Nasal/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Período Pós-Operatório , Estudos Retrospectivos
17.
J Surg Res ; 243: 509-514, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31377491

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The goal of our study was to evaluate risk factors for wound complications in patients with diabetes mellitus undergoing transmetatarsal amputations (TMAs), given the paucity of research on this subject. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database. In this retrospective analysis, all surgical cases with a primary Current Procedural Terminology code for TMA from 2009 to 2015 were reviewed. RESULTS: A total of 2316 patients with diabetes mellitus who underwent TMA were identified. Overall wound complications occurred in 276 (11.9%) of patients. Univariate analysis showed that the operative time was significantly longer in patients who developed complications than those who did not (58.3 ± 39.5 versus 50.6 ± 39.4; P = 0.003). Furthermore, the rate of obesity was significantly higher among patients who developed wound complications than those who did not (47.1% versus 41.5%; P = 0.04). Multivariate analysis demonstrated that a longer operative time (odds ratio = 1.02; 95% confidence interval: 1.01-1.04; P = 0.01) and obesity (odds ratio = 1.60; 95% confidence interval: 1.06-2.40; P = 0.03) were independent risk factors for wound complications in our cohort. CONCLUSIONS: These findings emphasize the importance of having heightened clinical vigilance in obese patients with diabetes mellitus undergoing this procedure, close postoperative follow-up, and limiting operative time when possible.


Assuntos
Amputação/efeitos adversos , Pé Diabético/cirurgia , Ossos do Metatarso/cirurgia , Deiscência da Ferida Operatória/epidemiologia , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/epidemiologia , Idoso , Pé Diabético/complicações , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Deiscência da Ferida Operatória/etiologia , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/etiologia , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
18.
J Craniofac Surg ; 30(7): 2023-2025, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31261341

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The number of patients who may benefit from evaluation for face transplantation in the United States (US) remains largely unknown. The goal of our study was to better delineate the pool of patients who might benefit from face transplant evaluation based on the characteristics and mechanisms of injury of previously reported face transplant recipients. METHODS: The authors utilized data from the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System-All Injury Program in this study. The US Census Bureau data were used for population estimates. Inclusion and exclusion criteria were determined based on the characteristics of face transplant recipients to date, and the mechanisms of injury they sustained ultimately necessitating face transplantation. Statistical significance was reached if P <0.05. RESULTS: The estimated annual incidence of preventable craniofacial injuries from firearms (44,266-58,299; 31.7% increase), burns (5712-19,433; 240.2% increase), and animal attacks (5355-14,666; 173.9% increase) increased from 2005 to 2014, whereas the estimated annual incidence of craniofacial injuries from machinery (3927-2933; 25.3% decrease) decreased between 2005 and 2014. The authors estimate the annual incidence rate to fall between 32.1 per 100,000 and 58.1 per 100,000 among individuals aged 20 to 64 in the US. CONCLUSION: In this study, the authors estimate the annual incidence rate of individuals aged 20 to 64 in the US who may benefit from face transplant evaluation and believe that this quantification has the potential to initiate actionable discussions regarding geographical and financial factors affecting access to care in this patient population.


Assuntos
Transplante de Face , Adulto , Queimaduras/epidemiologia , Queimaduras/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estados Unidos , Ferimentos por Arma de Fogo/epidemiologia , Ferimentos por Arma de Fogo/cirurgia , Adulto Jovem
19.
Int J Spine Surg ; 13(3): 270-274, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31328091

RESUMO

Background: Spine surgery is associated with significant intraoperative blood loss, often leading to transfusion. Patients who receive transfusions have an increased length of stay and risk of perioperative complications. To decrease the transfusion rate, we implemented an evidence-based institution-wide restrictive transfusion blood management guideline. The goal of this study is to describe the impact of this guideline on our spine surgery patients. Methods: We analyzed the incidence of transfusion following 3709 single-institution, inpatient spine procedures before and after implementation of a revised blood transfusion protocol. The baseline period (1742 patients) from January 2014 to March 2015 was compared to the study period (1967 patients) of April 2015 to July 2016. One patient was excluded because of incomplete medical records. The revised protocol included establishing a postoperative blood transfusion trigger at hemoglobin < 7g/dL, instituting a computerized provider order entry, and appointing a physician champion to monitor and report progress. Results: Transfusion rate decreased from 16.2% to 9.7% from baseline to study period, respectively (P < .001). The number of transfusions in patients with hemoglobin > 7g/dL decreased to 4.9% from 6.1% (P = .09). The rate of transfusions with a prior hemoglobin test increased from 42.0% to 59.1% (P < .001). Length of stay was reduced from 3.67 to 3.46 days (P = .04), and postsurgical infection rate was reduced from 1.5% to 0.6% (P = .01). There was no significant difference in total hospital costs following protocol implementation. Conclusions: Implementation of a restrictive transfusion protocol through use of a computerized provider order entry and a physician champion to oversee clinician compliance led to a 40.1% reduction in blood transfusion following spine surgery. Behavior changes were visible with a 40.7% increase in hemoglobin documentation before transfusion, and patients benefited from a reduction in length of stay and postsurgical infection rate. Future study is encouraged to understand the long-term impact of this intervention and its role in hospital expenditure.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA