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1.
J Nutr Biochem ; 78: 108342, 2020 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32004927

RESUMO

The activation of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and a reduction of AMP-dependent protein kinase (AMPK) phosphorylation have been described in obesity. We hypothesize that a moderate caloric restriction (CR) might contribute to reducing ER stress and increasing AMPK phosphorylation in peripheral tissues from genetically obese Zucker fa/fa rats and in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). Zucker Lean and Zucker fa/fa rats were fed with chow diet either ad libitum (AL) (C, as controls) or 80% of AL (CR) for 2 weeks, giving rise to four experimental groups: Lean C, Lean CR, fa/fa C and fa/fa CR. CR significantly increased AMPK phosphorylation in the liver, perirenal adipose tissue (PRAT) and PBMCs from fa/fa rats but not in the subcutaneous AT (SCAT), suggesting a reduced response of SCAT to CR. Liver samples of fa/fa rats exhibited an increased mRNA expression of PERK, EIF-2α, XBP-1(s), Chop and caspase 3, which was significantly reduced by CR. PRAT exhibited an overexpression of Edem and PDIA-4 in fa/fa rats, but only PDIA-4 expression was reduced by CR. eIF-2α phosphorylation was significantly increased in all studied tissues from fa/fa rats and reduced by CR. A negative correlation was detected between p-AMPK and p-eIF-2α in the liver, PRAT and PBMCs from fa/fa rats but not in SCAT. This study shows that a moderate CR reduces ER stress and improves AMPK phosphorylation in several peripheral tissues and in circulating PBMCs, suggesting that alterations observed in PBMCs could reflect metabolic alterations associated with obesity.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32046052

RESUMO

Healthcare is one of the most complex systems to manage. In recent years, the control of processes and the modelling of public administrations have been considered some of the main areas of interest in management. In particular, one of the most problematic issues is the management of waiting lists and the consequent absenteeism of patients. Patient no-shows imply a loss of time and resources, and in this paper, the strategy of overbooking is analysed as a solution. Here, a real waiting list process is simulated with discrete event simulation (DES) software, and the activities performed by hospital staff are reproduced. The methodology employed combines agile manufacturing and Six Sigma, focusing on a paediatric public hospital pavilion. Different scenarios show that the overbooking strategy is effective in ensuring fairness of access to services. Indeed, all patients respect the times dictated by the waiting list, without "favouritism", which is guaranteed by the logic of replacement. In a comparison between a real sample of bookings and a simulated sample designed to improve no-shows, no statistically significant difference is found. This model will allow health managers to provide patients with faster service and to better manage their resources.

3.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 2902, 2020 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32076010

RESUMO

The experimental approach for the study of cardiometabolic disorders requires the use of animal models fed with commercial diets whose composition differs notably, even between diets used for control groups. While chow diets are usually made of agricultural by-products, purified low-fat diets (LF) contain a higher percentage of easy metabolizable carbohydrates, together with a reduced amount of polyunsaturated fatty acids, micronutrients and fiber, all associated with metabolic and vascular dysfunction. We hypothesize that the LF diet, commonly used in control animals, could promote adverse vascular and metabolic outcomes. To address this issue, 5-week-old male C57BL6J mice were fed with a standard (Chow) or a LF diet for 6 weeks. Changes in body weight, adiposity, biochemical parameters, systemic and aortic insulin sensitivity and endothelial function were recorded. LF diet did not modify body weight but significantly impaired systemic glucose tolerance and increased triglycerides and cholesterol levels. Endothelial function and aortic insulin sensitivity were significantly impaired in the LF group, due to a reduction of NO availability. These findings highlight the importance of selecting the proper control diet in metabolic studies. It may also suggest that some cardiometabolic alterations obtained in experimental studies using LF as a control diet may be underestimated.

4.
Pediatr Res ; 2020 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32000261

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study examined the association between key components of physical fitness with inhibition and cognitive flexibility in preschoolers. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of 362 Spanish preschoolers. The key components of physical fitness and executive functioning were measured. RESULTS: The partial correlation controlling for body mass index and family socioeconomic status showed that inhibition was positively related to cardiorespiratory fitness. No association was found between muscular strength (i.e., standing long jump and dynamometry) and speed/agility with inhibition or between physical fitness components and cognitive flexibility. The inhibition mean scores were significantly higher in preschoolers with higher cardiorespiratory than in their peers who were in lower categories, after adjustments were made for confounders. Additionally, the results showed that cardiorespiratory fitness was a significant predictor of inhibition, but for cognitive flexibility, age was the only significant predictor. CONCLUSIONS: Our data suggest that cardiorespiratory fitness is associated with inhibition in preschoolers. Likewise, our results also suggest that cognitive flexibility is an executive function that is more dependent on changes associated with age at this development stage. These findings are important for supporting initiatives that aimed at stimulating healthy brain development, and promote the improvement of cardiorespiratory fitness at early ages.

6.
Environ Monit Assess ; 192(2): 117, 2020 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31950283

RESUMO

This study address for the first time in Argentina and the South American continent the effect of water management on the presence of microplastics (MPs) in a shallow lake, assessing their contribution to the zooplankton fraction. Water samples were collected in the lake and its principal affluent, an irrigation channel, from winter 2018 to summer 2019 with a zooplankton net (47 µm). MPs were present in all analyzed samples, with a dominance of fibers, black color, and ≤ 1000 µm range size. MPs concentration was maximum during summer at the lake (180 MPs m-3) while during spring (140 MPs m-3) at the channel. Rotifers and cyclopoids dominated the zooplanktonic fraction at both sites which range sizes (< 200 to 600 µm) included most of the size range found for MPs (50-950 µm). According to our results, the MPs found represents a potential risk for the first levels of the food web. In the lake, the concentration of MPs concerning total zooplankton abundance was higher when the channel was closed. Nevertheless, when the channel was open, the higher concentration in summer matches with the increase of tourism and an extraordinary rainfall. Our results suggest that while the runoff of agro-industrial waste regulates the MPs concentration in the channel, its water management, the touristic activities, and the runoff of MPs from nearby urban settlements regulate the concentration of MPs in the lake. These findings emphasize the need for better treatment of urban and agro-industrial waste that develops near continental aquatic systems, mainly in those where tourism activities are frequent and treatment facilities scarce.

7.
Chemistry ; 2020 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31943443

RESUMO

This work reports the synthesis, characterization, and sensing behavior of a hybrid nanodevice for the detection of the potent abuse drug 25I-NBOMe. The system is based on mesoporous silica nanoparticles, loaded with a fluorescent dye, functionalized with a serotonin derivative and capped with the 5-HT2A receptor antibody. In the presence of 25I-NBOMe the capping antibody is displaced, leading to pore opening and rhodamine B release. This delivery was ascribed to 5-HT2A receptor antibody detachment from the surface due to its stronger coordination with 25I-NBOMe present in the solution. The prepared nanodevice allowed the sensitive (limit of detection of 0.6 µm) and selective recognition of the 25I-NBOMe drug (cocaine, heroin, mescaline, lysergic acid diethylamide, MDMA, and morphine were unable to induce pore opening and rhodamine B release). This nanodevice acts as a highly sensitive and selective fluorometric probe for the 25I-NBOMe illicit drug in artificial saliva and in sweets.

8.
Endocrine ; 67(1): 198-203, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31583574

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Hypoparathyroidism (hypoPT) results in an impairment of quality of life (QoL), an increase in fatigue and a higher risk of mortality. Cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy (CAN) is an impairment of the cardiovascular autonomic system and is associated with increased mortality and fatigability. Patients with hypoPT show an increased risk of CAN. However, no previous studies have investigated the association between CAN and QoL in hypoPT. To test whether CAN is associated with fatigue and impaired QOL in hypoPT patients. METHODS: We enrolled 48 subjects with postsurgical hypoPT treated with calcium and calcitriol and 38 healthy subjects who underwent thyroidectomy. Subjects completed the RAND 36-Item Short Form (SF-36) Health Survey, evaluating physical (PCS) and mental (MCS) health, and fatigue score. CAN was assessed using cardiovascular autonomic reflex tests (CARTs). Participants were considered to have "early CAN" (EC) if they had one abnormal CART and "definite CAN" (DC) with two or more abnormal CARTs. RESULTS: Compared with controls, hypoPT population had lower fatigue scores (44.5 IQRː9 vs 38.5 IQRː12.3, P = 0.031). In the hypoPT group, only participants with DC had a lower fatigue score than subjects without CAN (DC: ß: -9.55, P = 0.005) after adjusting for age, duration of disease, calcium concentration, TSH, calcitriol and calcium supplementation. No differences were found in the PCS and MCS scores in the hypoPT group. CONCLUSIONS: CAN may explain fatigue, a common complaint of postsurgical hypoPT patients. Further larger and prospective investigations are needed to confirm our findings.

9.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 20064, 2019 Dec 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31882805

RESUMO

In young patients with acute pulmonary embolism (PE), the predictive value of currently available prognostic tools has not been evaluated. Our objective was to compare prognostic value of 7 available tools (GPS, PESI, sPESI, Prognostic Algorithm, PREP, shock index and RIETE) in patients aged <50 years. We used the RIETE database, including PE patients from 2001 to 2017. The major outcome was 30-day all-cause mortality. Of 34,651 patients with acute PE, 5,822 (17%) were aged <50 years. Of these, 83 (1.4%) died during the first 30 days. Number of patients deemed low risk with tools was: PREP (95.9%), GPS (89.6%), PESI (87.2%), Shock index (70.9%), sPESI (59.4%), Prognostic algorithm (58%) and RIETE score (48.6%). The tools with a highest sensitivity were: Prognostic Algorithm (91.6%; 95% CI: 85.6-97.5), RIETE score (90.4%; 95%CI: 84.0-96.7) and sPESI (88%; 95% CI: 81-95). The RIETE, Prognostic Algorithm and sPESI scores obtained the highest overall sensitivity estimates for also predicting 7- and 90-day all-cause mortality, 30-day PE-related mortality, 30-day major bleeding and 30-day VTE recurrences. The proportion of low-risk patients who died within the first 30 days was lowest using the Prognostic Algorithm (0.2%), RIETE (0.3%) or sPESI (0.3%) scores. In PE patients less 50 years, 30-day mortality was low. Although sPESI, RIETE and Prognostic Algorithm scores were the most sensitive tools to identify patients at low risk to die, other tools should be evaluated in this population to obtain more efficient results.

10.
Knee ; 2019 Dec 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31883758

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to describe an advanced total knee arthroplasty (TKA) fast-track programme and determine discharge parameters during hospitalisation, as well as patient satisfaction, outcomes and complications within the first 12 months after surgery. METHODS: This prospective study was based on patients selected consecutively for primary elective TKA, undergoing surgery between 2014 and 2017 in an established fast-track setting. Hospitalisation-related parameters were collected: demographics, body mass index (BMI), surgical time, ischaemia time, haemoglobin values, blood transfusions, length of stay, weight-bearing and stair-climbing time, opioid administration, preoperative and discharge loss of extension and maximum active flexion of the knee, visual analogue scale (VAS), 12-month follow-up satisfaction rate and range of motion, any complications, hospital re-admission and re-operation within the first 12 months. Differences were determined using t-tests. RESULTS: A total of 704 total knee replacements implanted in 481 patients were included in the study and 223 patients had a bilateral TKA. Their mean age was 69.8 years (range 57-88 years). At the 12-month follow-up, 623 patients (88.5%) reported being satisfied or very satisfied and 15 (2.1%) were dissatisfied with their TKA, mean active flexion and loss of extension were 104.4° and 2.3°, respectively. A total of 15 complications occurred (two percent): five painful knees, three knee stiffness, three haematomas, two infections, one hospital re-admission and one deep venous thrombosis. No cases of pulmonary embolism and death related to surgery were reported. CONCLUSION: The study reports on an advanced fast-track programme for TKA with a low incidence of surgery- and hospitalisation-related issues and complications and without any severe adverse events during the first year. On average, the fast-track programme had a short length of stay, an early recovery of weight-bearing, knee mobility, pain control and a high satisfaction rate, accompanied with an acceptable 12 month range of motion.

11.
Nutrients ; 11(8)2019 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31344892

RESUMO

This systematic review and meta-analysis aims to compare the effect of High-Glycemic Index (GI) versus Low-GI breakfasts on cognitive functions, including memory and attention, of children and adolescents. We systematically searched the MEDLINE (via PubMed), EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and Web of Science databases, from their inception until June 2019. Articles comparing the effect of Low-GI versus High-GI breakfasts on the cognitive function (i.e., immediate memory, delayed memory, and attention) of children and adolescents were included. The DerSimonian and Laird method was used to compute the pooled effect sizes (ESs) and their respective 95% confidence intervals (CIs). The pooled ESs were 0.13 (95% CI: -0.11, 0.37) for immediate memory and 0.07 (95% CI: -0.15, 0.28) for delayed memory. For attention, the pooled ES was -0.01 (95% CI: -0.27, 0.26). In summary, GI breakfasts do not affect cognitive domains in children and adolescents.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Adolescente , Desjejum , Comportamento Infantil , Cognição , Índice Glicêmico , Valor Nutritivo , Adolescente , Fatores Etários , Atenção , Criança , Humanos , Memória
12.
Carbohydr Polym ; 222: 114991, 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31320060

RESUMO

Nowadays, natural polysaccharides have given promising results as drug carriers. Among them, the hydrogels, thanks to their versatile properties, have been produced and engineered at the nano-scale in order to develop nanovectors for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes. Here, we investigate the contribution that a natural biopolymer, hyaluronic acid (HA), can give to the field of Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI). In addition, we study the relaxometric properties of crosslinked and non-crosslinked hydrogel networks and outline the impact of both HA concentration and crosslinker, Divinyl Sulfone (DVS), on the relaxivity of aqueous polymer solutions, even in the absence of Contrast Agents (CAs). Results show that proper HA concentration and the presence of the crosslinking agent can enhance the longitudinal relaxation time of the surrounding water, even in the absence of CAs. These findings could inspire the design of novel nanostructured hydrogels with enhanced relaxometric properties for MRI applications and not only.

13.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(61): 9039-9042, 2019 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31292589
14.
Biomark Med ; 13(8): 605-618, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31157543

RESUMO

Aim: To explore NT-proBNP as biomarker for pulmonary hypertension (PH) in infants with respiratory syncytial virus infection (RSVI). Patients & methods: We prospectively enrolled 93 healthy infants with RSVI aged 1-12 months. NT-proBNP determination and echocardiography were performed at admission. Results: PH was found in 22% of patients and associated with a severe course of the disease. NT-proBNP >1635 pg/ml resulted an independent predictor for PH (odds ratio: 16.46 [95% CI: 4.10-66; p < 0.001]). The diagnostic performance of NT-proBNP to detect PH in RSVI was high (area under receiver operator curve of 0.932 [95% CI: 0.883-0.981; p < 0.001]). Conclusions: The presence of PH in healthy infants with RSVI is associated with worse outcomes. NT-proBNP resulted an accurate biomarker for PH in this setting.

15.
Int J Clin Pharm ; 41(4): 1099-1109, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31161498

RESUMO

Background Obesity is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease, the leading cause of death. Health education, nutritional follow-up, and life style habits modification are key for cardiovascular risk reduction in obese patients. Objective To measure the impact of pharmacist's intervention on cardiovascular risk in obese patients. Setting A Spanish community pharmacy. Method Obese patients (BMI ≥ 30) with (group A, n = 30) and without (group B, n = 14) comorbidities were selected. Variables determined in first visit on-site: anthropometric values (weight, height, waist circumference), blood pressure, glycemic (glucose, HbA1c) and lipid parameters (total cholesterol, HDL-c, LDL-c, triglycerides). The PharmaFit Protocol consisted in a 24-month follow-up focusing (i) monthly on adherence to nutritional guidelines and modification of life style habits, and (ii) bi-monthly on anthropometric variables, blood pressure, and biochemical determinations. Feedback was provided to the primary care physician or specialist. Main ouitcome measure Cardiovascular risk estimated by REGICOR score. Results Anthropometric variables significantly decreased in all groups. Plasma glucose levels were significantly reduced in group A without changes in HbA1c. Lipid parameters significantly improved in group A, whereas HDL-c significantly raised in all groups. REGICOR score was significantly reduced in group A female (13.8 ± 1.6 vs. 5.8 ± 1, p < 0.0001) and male (12.7 ± 1.7 vs. 4.4. ± 0.6, p < 0.005) patients, and in group B female patients (3.5 ± 0.7 vs. 1.9 ± 0.4, p < 0.001). Conclusion Community pharmacist intervention, delivered as a 24-month follow-up and combining health and dietary education, has a highly positive impact on the reduction of cardiovascular risk in obese patients.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Farmacêuticos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antropometria , Glicemia/metabolismo , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Serviços Comunitários de Farmácia , Comorbidade , Feminino , Hemoglobina A Glicada/metabolismo , Fidelidade a Diretrizes , Avaliação do Impacto na Saúde , Humanos , Estilo de Vida , Lipídeos/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Comportamento de Redução do Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Espanha/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
16.
Theranostics ; 9(6): 1809-1824, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31037140

RESUMO

Recently, rational design of a new class of contrast agents (CAs), based on biopolymers (hydrogels), have received considerable attention in Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) diagnostic field. Several strategies have been adopted to improve relaxivity without chemical modification of the commercial CAs, however, understanding the MRI enhancement mechanism remains a challenge. Methods: A multidisciplinary approach is used to highlight the basic principles ruling biopolymer-CA interactions in the perspective of their influence on the relaxometric properties of the CA. Changes in polymer conformation and thermodynamic interactions of CAs and polymers in aqueous solutions are detected by isothermal titration calorimetric (ITC) measurements and later, these interactions are investigated at the molecular level using NMR to better understand the involved phenomena. Water molecular dynamics of these systems is also studied using Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC). To observe relaxometric properties variations, we have monitored the MRI enhancement of the examined structures over all the experiments. The study of polymer-CA solutions reveals that thermodynamic interactions between biopolymers and CAs could be used to improve MRI Gd-based CA efficiency. High-Pressure Homogenization is used to obtain nanoparticles. Results: The effect of the hydration of the hydrogel structure on the relaxometric properties, called Hydrodenticity and its application to the nanomedicine field, is exploited. The explanation of this concept takes place through several key aspects underlying biopolymer-CA's interactions mediated by the water. In addition, Hydrodenticity is applied to develop Gadolinium-based polymer nanovectors with size around 200 nm with improved MRI relaxation time (10-times). Conclusions: The experimental results indicate that the entrapment of metal chelates in hydrogel nanostructures offers a versatile platform for developing different high performing CAs for disease diagnosis.

17.
Free Radic Biol Med ; 139: 35-45, 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31100477

RESUMO

Caloric restriction (CR) improves endothelial function through the upregulation of adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS). Moreover, hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) is upregulated in yeast subjected to CR. Our aim was to assess if mild short-term CR increases vascular H2O2 formation as a link with AMPK and eNOS activation. Twelve-week old Zucker obese (fa/fa) and control Zucker lean male rats were fed a standard chow either ad libitum (AL, n=10) or with a 20% CR (CR, n=10) for two weeks. CR significantly improved relaxation to ACh in fa/fa rats because of an enhanced endogenous production of H2O2 in aortic rings (H2O2 levels fa/faAL=0.5 ±â€¯0.05 nmol/mg vs. H2O2 levels fa/faCR=0.76 ±â€¯0.07 nmol/mg protein; p<0.05). Expression of mitochondrial superoxide dismutase (Mn-SOD) and total SOD activity were increased in aorta from fa/fa animals after CR. In cultured aortic endothelial cells, serum deprivation or 2-deoxy-d-glucose induced a significant increase in: i) superoxide anion and H2O2 levels, ii) p-AMPK/AMPK and p-eNOS/eNOS expression and iii) nitric oxide levels. This effect was reduced by catalase and strongly inhibited by Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent kinase II (CamkII) silencing. In conclusion, we propose that mild short-term CR might be a trigger of mechanisms aimed at protecting the vascular wall by the increase of H2O2, which then activates AMPK and nitric oxide release, thus improving endothelium-dependent relaxation. In addition, we demonstrate that CAMKII plays a key role in mediating CR-induced AMPK activation through H2O2 increase.

18.
Methods Mol Biol ; 1978: 27-38, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31119655

RESUMO

Metabolomics based on direct mass spectrometry analysis shows a great potential in biomedical research because of its high-throughput screening capability and wide metabolome coverage. This chapter contains detailed protocols to perform comprehensive metabolomic fingerprinting of multiple biological samples (serum, plasma, urine, brain, liver, spleen, thymus) by using complementary analytical platforms. The most important issues to be considered are discussed, including sample treatment, metabolomic analysis, raw data preprocessing, and data analysis.


Assuntos
Encéfalo/metabolismo , Ensaios de Triagem em Larga Escala/métodos , Metabolômica/métodos , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos , Pesquisa Biomédica/métodos , Humanos , Metaboloma/genética , Manejo de Espécimes
19.
Front Physiol ; 10: 553, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31133882

RESUMO

Bariatric surgery (BS) results in sustained weight loss and may reverse inflammation, metabolic alterations, extracellular matrix remodeling and arterial stiffness. We hypothesize that increased stiffening in omental arteries from obese patients might be associated with an increase in MMP activity and a decrease in p-AMPK, together with systemic oxidative stress and inflammation. Moreover, BS could contribute to reversing these alterations. This study was conducted with 38 patients of Caucasian origin: 31 adult patients with morbid obesity (9 men and 22 women; mean age 46 years and BMI = 42.7 ± 1.0 kg/m2) and 7 non-obese subjects (7 women; mean age 45 years and BMI = 22.7 ± 0.6 kg/m2). Seventeen obese patients were studied before and 12 months after BS. The stiffness index ß, an index of intrinsic arterial stiffness, was determined in omental arteries and was significantly higher in obese patients. Levels of phosphorylated AMPK (p-AMPKThr-172) and SIRT-1 were significantly lower in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from obese patients than those from non-obese patients (p < 0.05) and were normalized after BS. Total and active MMP-9 activities, LDH, protein carbonyls and uric acid were higher in obese patients and reduced by BS. Moreover, there was a correlation between plasmatic LDH levels and the stiffness index ß. BS has a beneficial effect on abnormal MMP-9, LDH and AMPK activities that might be associated with the development of arterial stiffness in obese patients. Since these parameters are easily measured in blood samples, they could constitute potential biomarkers of cardiovascular risk in morbid obesity.

20.
Europace ; 21(10): 1468-1475, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31131389

RESUMO

AIMS: To estimate prevalence of atrial fibrillation (AF) in a representative sample of the Italian elderly population, projecting figures for Italy and the European Union. METHODS AND RESULTS: A cross-sectional examination of all subjects aged 65+ years from three general practices in Northern, Central, and Southern Italy started in 2016. Participants were administered a systematic and an opportunistic screening, followed by clinical and electrocardiogram confirmation. The study sample included 6016 subjects. Excluding 235 non-eligible, among the remaining 5781 participation was 78.3%, which left 4528 participants (mean age 74.5 ± 6.8 years, 47.2% men). Prevalence of AF was 7.3% [95% confidence intervals (CI) 6.6-8.1], higher in men and with advancing age (6.6% from systematic plus 0.7% from opportunistic screening). Using prevalence figures, Italian elderly having AF in 2016 were estimated at ∼1 081 000 (95% CI 786 000-1 482 000). Considering stable prevalence, this number will increase by 75% to ∼1 892 000 in 2060 (95% CI 1 378 000-2 579 000). European Union elderly having AF in 2016 were estimated at ∼7 617 000 (95% CI 5 530 000-10 460 000), increasing by 89% to ∼14 401 000 in 2060 (95% CI 10 489 000-19 647 000). In 2016, subjects aged 80+ years represented 53.5% of cases in Italy and 51.2% in the European Union; in 2060, 69.6% and 65.2%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings indicate a high burden of AF in coming decades, especially among the oldest-old, who carry the higher AF-related risk of stroke and medical complications.

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