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1.
Children (Basel) ; 9(4)2022 Mar 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35455492

RESUMO

AIM: To perform a comprehensive review of orofacial manifestations of Sanjad-Sakati syndrome (SSS). METHODS: A comprehensive electronic literature search was performed using PubMed, Scopus and Cochrane library databases. The search keywords included were "Sanjad-Sakati syndrome (SSS)", "dental manifestations", "dental management", "oral health", "dental care for patients with SSS", "dental health of people with SSS", "caries", and "oral hygiene". The inclusion criteria were papers published only in English, papers published by August 2021, and papers discussing orofacial manifestations of SSS and language. RESULTS: The search of the databases retrieved eleven case reports and three case series studies. Overall, 56 cases (11 case reports and 3 case series studies) were reported on Sanjad-Sakati syndrome in the published literature. The majority of the reports are from the Middle Eastern region. CONCLUSIONS: The reported orofacial manifestations of SSS include beaked nose, depressed nasal bridge, enamel hypoplasia, hypodontia, low-set ears, posteriorly rotated ears, deep-set eyes, microcephaly, microdontia, micrognathia, prominent forehead, retrognathia, and thin lips. The review paper also establishes the importance of the dental under general anesthesia in SSS individuals.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35329407

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The relevance of growth determination in orthodontics is driving the search for the most precise and least invasive way of tracking the pubertal growth spurt. Our aim was to explore whether minimally invasive salivary estimation of biomarkers Insulin-like growth factor (IGF-1) and Insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) could be used to estimate skeletal maturity for clinical convenience, especially in children and adolescent age groups. MATERIALS AND METHOD: The cross-sectional study was conducted on 90 participants (56 girls and 34 males) with ages ranging from 6 to 25 years. Each subject's hand-wrist radiograph was categorized based on skeletal maturity, and saliva samples were estimated for IGF-1 and IGFBP-3 using the respective ELISA kits. Kruskal-Wallis nonparametric ANOVA was applied to compare different skeletal stages. RESULTS: The study demonstrated low salivary IGF-1 levels at the prepubertal stage, with increase during pubertal onset and peak pubertal stage followed by a decline during pubertal deceleration to growth completion. Spearman's correlation coefficient demonstrated a strong positive association (r = 0.98 p < 0.01) between salivary IGF/IGFBP-3 ratio and different stages of skeletal maturity. CONCLUSION: Salivary IGF-1, IGFBP-3, and IGF/IGFBP-3 ratio could serve as a potential biochemical marker for predicting the completion of skeletal maturity.


Assuntos
Proteína 3 de Ligação a Fator de Crescimento Semelhante à Insulina , Fator de Crescimento Insulin-Like I , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Fator de Crescimento Insulin-Like I/metabolismo , Masculino , Radiografia , Punho , Adulto Jovem
3.
J Dent ; 120: 104089, 2022 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35271942

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of denture cleansers on surface roughness, hardness and color stability of 3D printed resins compared to heat-polymerized resin. METHODS: Acrylic specimens (N = 160) were prepared using one heat-polymerized (HP) and three 3D printed denture base resins. Specimens per material were randomly divided into four groups (n = 10) according to immersion solutions as follows: distilled water (DW), sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl), effervescent tablet 1 or effervescent tablet 2. Color changes (∆E) were measured using a spectrophotometer. Surface roughness (Ra, µm) and microhardness were evaluated. The results were analyzed using one- and three-way ANOVA with Tukey's post hoc test (α = 0.05). RESULTS: After 360 days of cleaning protocols, we observed a significant increase in the surface roughness of tested materials (P<0.001). Hardness values significantly decreased in all groups (P<0.001), except HP and ND specimens, cleaned with effervescent tablet 1 (P>0.05) and AS specimens with effervescent tablet 2 (P = 0.051). According to the National Bureau of Standards (NBS) score, all denture base specimens had 'perceivable' to 'extremely marked' color change after immersion in NaOCl, while immersion in effervescent tablets 1 and 2 resulted in a 'slight' to 'marked' color change. CONCLUSION: 3D printed denture bases exhibited changes in surface roughness, hardness and color similar to HP denture base material. The use of denture cleansers resulted in a time-dependent increase in surface roughness and a decrease in hardness. The color change was significant with NaOCl, while effervescent denture cleansers produced a minimal color difference. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Denture cleansers seem to influence surface properties over time. The degree of impact is mainly dependent on the type of cleanser selected, regardless of the type of denture base material.


Assuntos
Bases de Dentadura , Higienizadores de Dentadura , Resinas Acrílicas , Cor , Teste de Materiais , Impressão Tridimensional , Propriedades de Superfície
4.
Oral Health Prev Dent ; 20(1): 103-112, 2022 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35285598

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare the levels of salivary IGF-1, IGFBP-3, and CTX with periodontal status among patients belonging to various skeletal maturity groups. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 80 participants 6 to 25 years of age. Based on skeletal maturity, the participants were categorised into 3 different stages: prepubertal, pubertal, and post-pubertal stages. The periodontal status of the participants was assessed using the simplified oral hygiene index (OHI-S), bleeding on probing (BOP), probing pocket depth (PPD), clinical attachment loss (CAL), and community periodontal index (CPI). The saliva samples were examined for IGF-1, IGFBP-3, and CTX using the respective ELISA kits. One-way ANOVA was used to determine statistically significant differences of means across the study groups for continuous variables. RESULTS: The study demonstrated statistically significant differences for the parameters OHI-S, bleeding on probing, PPD, CPI, and CAL (p < 0.05) depending on skeletal maturity stage. ANOVA test showed a statistically significant difference by stage in IGF-1, IGFPB3, and CTX (p < 0.01). CONCLUSION: An association exists between periodontal status and levels of salivary IGF-1, IGFBP-3, and CTX in patients belonging to various skeletal maturity groups.


Assuntos
Proteína 3 de Ligação a Fator de Crescimento Semelhante à Insulina , Fator de Crescimento Insulin-Like I , Índice Periodontal , Saliva/química , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Proteína 3 de Ligação a Fator de Crescimento Semelhante à Insulina/análise , Fator de Crescimento Insulin-Like I/análise , Índice de Higiene Oral , Adulto Jovem
5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35206303

RESUMO

AIM: This study aims to investigate the morphometrics of permanent canines in establishing sexual dimorphism in the native Arabian population. METHODS: Thirty (male = 12; female = 18) native Arabian subjects, with ages ranging between 20-45 years. The mesiodistal (MD), cericoincisal (CI) and labiolingual (LL) widths of the teeth 13, 23, 33, and 43 and the inter-canine distance in maxillary (MaxICW) and mandibular (ManICW) arches were measured using a digital caliper. The gran method was used for establishing sex dimorphism among the study subjects. Descriptive statistics were employed using SPSS version 20.0 (Armonk, NY, USA, IBM Corp.). RESULTS: The comparison of either of the measurements (MD, CI, LL, MaxICW and ManICW) were shown to be statistically significant (p > 0.05). The overall mean values of teeth 13, 23, 33, and 43 for CI, LL, MaxICW, and ManICW were lower for females than males (p > 0.05). The MD width was higher in females than that of males (p > 0.05). The sex dimorphism value for teeth 13, 23, 33, and 43 were 0.98, 0.99, 1, and 0.99, respectively. The standard canine index was high for mandibular teeth and lower for mandibular teeth, and SCI values for teeth 13, 23, 33, and 43 were 0.219, 0.218, 0.257 and 0.256, respectively. CONCLUSION: The morphometrics of permanent canines are helpful in sex determination with the aid of odontometric analysis.


Assuntos
Dente Canino , Caracteres Sexuais , Feminino , Odontologia Legal/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Mandíbula , Odontometria
6.
Children (Basel) ; 8(11)2021 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34828691

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Local anesthesia administration techniques are slightly challenging to perform and master on the basis of experience. It is always delicate to adjust to the first patient injection, especially in children. This study investigated dental practitioners' preferences toward topical and local anesthetics for children in Saudi Arabia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire was sent through google forms to the participants, including sociodemographic characteristics, as well as perceptions of local anesthesia and topical anesthesia. The details for each demographic variable were based the gender, occupation, and experience years. Descriptive statistics were carried out using SPSS (version 24.0), where a p-value of 0.05 at a 95% confidence interval was considered significant. RESULT: A total of 274 responses were received from Saudi Arabian dental practitioners, whereby 92.3% preferred lidocaine, and, while choosing local anesthesia, most participants (57.7%) considered precise bodyweight. The majority of the participants selected 27 gauge needles for infiltrations (46.3%) and blocks (63.9%). Short needles were preferred by the majority (93.4%) of the dental practitioners for infiltration, while long needles (83.9%) were chosen for nerve blocks. Benzocaine (68.2%) was preferred by the majority of the dental practitioners for topical anesthesia, and 55.8% of them were not aware of the brand of the topical anesthesia. The majority of dental practitioners felt that topical anesthesia was effective prior to administration of local anesthesia, and 83.6% of the Arabian dental practitioners expressed that patients complained regarding the taste of topical anesthesia. There were mixed opinions observed among the genders and occupations of dental practitioners regarding anesthetics used. CONCLUSION: The dental practitioners' perceptions and preferences demonstrate that the most commonly preferred type of local anesthetic was lidocaine, whereas the most preferred type of topical anesthetic was benzocaine in gel form. Moreover, the most widely used factor in deciding the dosage of local anesthesia was precise body weight among Saudi dentists. The majority of participants preferred short needles for infiltrations and long needles for nerve blocks. The 27 gauge needle was chosen by the majority of the participants for both infiltration and nerve blocks.

7.
Healthcare (Basel) ; 9(8)2021 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34442094

RESUMO

AIMS: The study aimed to evaluate perceptions and preventive practices regarding the COVID-19 pandemic and oral health care perceptions during the lockdown in the Saudi Arabian population. MATERIALS AND METHOD: This cross-sectional study was performed by collecting the data from individuals belonging to various parts of the Saudi Arabian Population through an online self-reported questionnaire. The questionnaire had two main parts: first comprised of demographic data include the region of residence, gender, nationality, age, the number of family members, monthly income of the family, and the second was further divided into three sections of perception (P), practice (PRA) and oral health care practice (D) questions. All these (P, PRA, and D) were analyzed by comparing all of the demographic characteristics. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS IBM (version 21.0), and statistical significance was set at a 5% level. RESULTS: Overall, 2013 participants (54% males and 46% females) contributed to the Saudi Arabia study. Only 5% of non-Saudis live in Saudi Arabia were participated in the study, while the majority of participants were of 21-40 years age group (45%), 59% of having more than five family members, and 60% of them had ≤10 K Suadi riyal monthly income respectively. The majority of the participants were from Riyadh (33.7%) and Asir (25.1%) in the study. Overall, 89.5% of the participants were aware of the COVID-19 global pandemic. The majority of the participants (55%) from Saudi Arabia utilized the Ministry of Health website, a source of information regarding COVID-19. However, 56.5% of the participants had COVID-19 related perception, and 74.3% followed an appropriate preventive practice. Approximately 60% had good oral health practice. The study participants showed mixed opinions on perceptions regarding COVID-19, preventive practice, and oral health practices. CONCLUSION: The present study suggested that the Saudi Arabian population has good attention to COVID-19, but preventive practice and oral health perception need better awareness to control this novel virus spread. The Ministry of Health website utilized as a significant source of information among the Saudi Arabian population regarding COVID-19.

8.
Int J Gen Med ; 14: 2397-2405, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34135623

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Midline diastema in children is a prevalent developmental entity, and this pathological condition may remain in many children due to various factors. Nonetheless, the evidence on etiological factors of the midline diastema in children is minimal. PURPOSE: To evaluate the etiological factors of midline diastema causes in children below 12 years of age from the published data. METHODS: A literature search was confined to the English language using MeSH terms conferring to PICO format in PubMed, Cochrane Library, and Ovidsp covering the period from January 1960 to December 2019. Search in Google Scholar, grey literature, and hand search on references were performed to find additional data. Suitable studies were selected based on the predefined inclusion and exclusion criteria. Quality analysis of the chosen studies conducted using the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale (NOS) adapted for cross-sectional studies. RESULTS: Only eight studies were available for final analysis among those four studies from India, two studies from Korea, one study from Brazil, and another study from Canada. The most common etiology for midline diastema was supernumerary teeth followed by morphology labial frenum and nasal airflow condensation. The quality analysis of these studies based on NOS showed one study with unsatisfactory, four studies with satisfactory, and three with good quality. CONCLUSION: Morphology of frenum, pre-maxillary supernumerary teeth, and nasal airflow condensation seem to be the most common causes of midline diastema in children below 12 years.

9.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 8: 654524, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33898488

RESUMO

Background: The recent pandemic outbreak has created a huge impact on dentistry. Dental students and dental professionals are at a higher risk because dental practice comprises close communication and widespread exposure to blood, saliva, and other body fluids. It is imperative to evaluate the knowledge and perceptions regarding Coronavirus (COVID-19) among budding dentists. Aim: To assess the knowledge, attitude, and practices of dental students regarding dental practices during COVID-19. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional questionnaire-based study was conducted among undergraduate students in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. An online questionnaire consisting of demographic, knowledge, and attitude-based questions were circulated among the study population, and the responses for the knowledge and attitude were scored. Their mean scores were then calculated. Chi-square test and nonparametric tests were computed using SPSS version 21 software, and p-values < 0.05 were considered statistically significant. Results: 388 undergraduate dental students have participated in the study from Saudi Arabia. 68% of the respondents believed that they had sufficient knowledge regarding COVID-19. The mean score for knowledge was 5.84 out of 7. Females (6.24) scored statistically significantly higher than males (5.55, p < = 0.001). The mean attitude score was 6.34 out of 9. 93% were using PPE models, while 95% maintained social distancing. Out of all the participating dental students, only 16% were willing to treat patients during the pandemic, and 28% did not want to treat patients, 28% preferred teledentistry. The majority (44%) of dental undergraduates were willing to handle only emergency cases. Conclusion: Accurate knowledge and attitude regarding COVID-19 and diversified opinion on preventive practices during the pandemic period among budding dental professionals evident from Saudi Arabia. Mixed opinions were witnessed among them in seeking help from professional societies. The majority of dental undergraduates were willing to handle only emergency cases.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35010473

RESUMO

AIM: To assess the knowledge and perceptions of COVID-19 among pediatric dentists based on their dependent source of information. METHODS: A descriptive-analytical cross-sectional survey using a self-administered questionnaire with 23 questions was sent via Google forms to pediatric dentists. All participants were divided into three groups [postgraduate residents (PGs), private practitioners (PP), and faculty (F)]. The comparison of knowledge and perception scores was made based on occupation, source of information, and descriptive statistics used for the analysis using SPSS 21.0 (IBM, Armonk, NY, USA). RESULTS: A total of 291 pediatric dentists completed the survey, and the majority of them were females (65%). Overall, good mean scores were obtained for knowledge (9.2 ± 1.07) and perceptions (5.6 ± 1.5). The majority of the participants used health authorities (45%) to obtain updates on COVID-19, while social media (35.1%) and both (19.6%) accounted for the next two. A statistically significant difference (p < 0.05) was found among different pediatric dentists groups for relying on the source of information. CONCLUSION: Overall good pediatric dentists showed sufficient knowledge regarding COVID-19. The pediatric dentists' age, occupation, and source of information influenced knowledge regarding COVID-19, whereas perceptions were influenced by age and gender of the participants. Health authorities successfully educated pediatric dentists than the social media.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Criança , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Estudos Transversais , Odontólogos , Feminino , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Padrões de Prática Odontológica , SARS-CoV-2 , Inquéritos e Questionários
11.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 56(4)2020 Apr 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32344600

RESUMO

Background and objectives: We aimed to assess the prevalence of periodontal disease among obese young adults in Saudi Arabia and to analyze the association between different body mass indexes and the severity of periodontal disease. Materials and methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study consisted of 307 obese patients aged 18-39 years, with body mass index (BMI) ≥30. Demographic variables for periodontal disease, anthropometric parameters such as BMI along with clinical parameters such as oral hygiene index-simplified, community periodontal index (CPI) score and loss of attachment (LOA), were assessed. Multivariate binary logistic regression analysis was used to identify the predictors for chronic periodontitis in obese young adults between 18-40 years of age. Results: The majority of the participants (71.3%) had periodontal disease. Obese and extremely obese patients together showed a statistically significant difference in the age group of 21-30 years in terms of CPI score for inflammation (p < 0.05) and LOA (p < 0.001). Logistic regression analysis showed age (OR: 3.180; 95%CL: 1.337-7.561; p <.001), occasional dental visit (OR: 5.965; 95%CL: 3.130-11.368; p < 0.001), smoking >10 cigarettes (OR: 11.868; 95%CL: 3.588-39.254; p < 0.001) and poor oral hygiene status (OR: 17.250; 95%CL: 6.958-42.764; p < 0.001) were associated with a significantly higher risk of having periodontal disease. Conclusions: This study showed a high prevalence of periodontal disease in obese patients among the Saudi Arabian population.


Assuntos
Obesidade/epidemiologia , Doenças Periodontais/epidemiologia , Adulto , Índice de Massa Corporal , Estudos Transversais , Assistência Odontológica/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Higiene Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Doenças Periodontais/diagnóstico , Prevalência , Arábia Saudita/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
12.
Cureus ; 12(12): e12133, 2020 Dec 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33489545

RESUMO

Background Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is defined as the sudden unexpected death of an infant, even after investigations and autopsy. SIDS is related to many factors, such as the baby's position and objects in the crib. Adherence to safe sleep recommendations in Saudi Arabia is unclear. This study aims to assess caregivers' implementation of safe sleep practices and if they received any safe sleep education through health care workers. Methods This was a cross-sectional, descriptive study. Inclusion criteria included all infants below the age of one year. Exclusion criteria included infants who were born premature, used ventilation, had a tracheostomy, any anomaly in the upper airway, or underwent spine surgery. A semi-structured questionnaire was used. Data were collected from mothers who had infants visiting the outpatient department of King Abdulaziz University Hospital in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. An electronic survey was also created and published on a social platform.  Statistical analysis was conducted with the aid of the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) software, version 26 (IBM SPSS Statistics, Armonk, NY). Results Among 506 participants, only 22.5% were found to receive education about safe practices from health care providers. Fortunately, most of the infants (63.2%) were found to sleep in a supine position most of the nights. Adherent caregivers to placing the child in a designated baby bed and in a supine position most nights represented 44.86% of the sample. However, when asked about placing any of the following objects in the bed (pillows, blankets, soft toys, hard toys, and electric wires), the percentage of adherence dropped down to only 1.58%. Conclusion There was an obvious non-adherence among caregivers and a possible lack of knowledge of safe sleep recommendations for infants. This highlights the need for optimal education by health care workers and the rule of media and campaigns is obvious and essential to improving their practices and, hopefully, decreasing the risk of SIDS.

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