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Saudi Med J ; 37(3): 293-8, 2016 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26905352


OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the nutritional status, to screen for the presence of malnutrition, and to study the possible risk factors associated with malnutrition in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). METHODS: A retrospective cross-sectional review of medical records of all diagnosed CF patients in the Pediatric Department, Salmaniya Medical Complex, Manama, Kingdom of Bahrain, between January 1984 and May 2015 was conducted. Demographic and anthropometric data were collected from records of last visit to CF clinic. Nutritional status and risk factors of malnutrition were assessed. RESULTS: All records of 109 CF patients were reviewed. Forty-seven pediatric patients were included in the study. All included patients were on pancreatic enzyme replacement and 42 (89%) received high-calorie supplementation. Growth failure was noted in 34 (72%) patients, 19 (56%) were wasted and stunted, 8 (23.5%) were wasted only, and 7 (20.5%) were stunted. Low birth weight (p=0.032), and the presence of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) (p=0.039) were the significant risk factors for malnutrition. CONCLUSIONS: Most CF patients in Bahrain (72%) are malnourished. Low birth weight and the presence of GERD are risk factors.

Transtornos da Nutrição Infantil/epidemiologia , Fibrose Cística/epidemiologia , Suplementos Nutricionais , Terapia de Reposição de Enzimas , Refluxo Gastroesofágico/epidemiologia , Transtornos do Crescimento/epidemiologia , Síndrome de Emaciação/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Barein/epidemiologia , Criança , Desenvolvimento Infantil , Transtornos da Nutrição Infantil/terapia , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Fibrose Cística/terapia , Feminino , Transtornos do Crescimento/terapia , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido de Baixo Peso , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Avaliação Nutricional , Estado Nutricional , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Síndrome de Emaciação/terapia
Exp Ther Med ; 10(1): 241-246, 2015 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26170942


Acetaminophen (APAP, 4-hydroxyacetanilide) is the most common cause of acute liver failure in the United States. In addition to exhibiting hepatotoxicity, APAP exerts a nephrotoxic effect may be independent of the induced liver damage. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) have been suggested as a potential class of novel therapeutic targets. The aim of the present study was to investigate the potential of the TLR-4 blocker TAK-242 in the prevention of APAP-induced hepato-renal failure. Four groups of C57BL mice were studied: Vehicle-treated/control (VEH), APAP-treated (APAP), N-acetyl cysteine (NAC)-pretreated plus APAP (APAP + NAC) and TAK-242-pretreated plus APAP (APAP + TAK) groups. Mice were clinically assessed then perfused 4 h later. Liver and kidney tissues were collected and examined histologically using basic hematoxylin and eosin staining to detect signs of necrosis and inflammation. Plasma samples were collected to measure the levels of alanine transaminase, aspartate transaminase and serum creatinine. In addition, liver and kidney tissues were assayed to determine the levels of reduced glutathione. The results of the present study indicate the potential role of TLR-4 in APAP-induced organ toxicity. In the APAP + TAK and APAP + NAC groups, histopathological examination indicated that pretreatment with TAK-242 or NAC afforded protection against APAP-induced injury. However, this protective effect was more clinically evident in the APAP + TAK group compared with the APAP + NAC group. The various biochemical parameters (serum enzymes and reduced glutathione) revealed no significant protection in either of the pretreated groups. Therefore, the present study indicated that the TLR-4 blocker had protective effects against acute APAP toxicity in liver and kidney tissues. These effects were identified clinically, histologically and biochemically. Furthermore, the TLR-4 blocker TAK-242 exhibited antioxidant properties in addition to anti-inflammatory effects.