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Science ; 375(6577): 202-205, 2022 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35025665


The discovery of more than 4500 extrasolar planets has created a need for modeling their interior structure and dynamics. Given the prominence of iron in planetary interiors, we require accurate and precise physical properties at extreme pressure and temperature. A first-order property of iron is its melting point, which is still debated for the conditions of Earth's interior. We used high-energy lasers at the National Ignition Facility and in situ x-ray diffraction to determine the melting point of iron up to 1000 gigapascals, three times the pressure of Earth's inner core. We used this melting curve to determine the length of dynamo action during core solidification to the hexagonal close-packed (hcp) structure. We find that terrestrial exoplanets with four to six times Earth's mass have the longest dynamos, which provide important shielding against cosmic radiation.

Rev Sci Instrum ; 92(5): 053901, 2021 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34243295


We describe two orthogonal radiography geometries at the OMEGA EP laser facility, which we refer to as side-on and face-on radiography. This setup can be used to determine quantitative information about the areal densities in solid, particulate, or liquid samples. We show sample images from these two different platforms that use the radiography diagnostic, one of material microjetting by the Richtmeyer-Meshkov instability and one of a deforming tin sample by the Rayleigh-Taylor instability, demonstrating the versatile applicability of such measurements in the field of high-energy density physics. The analytical methodology behind the quantitative Rayleigh-Taylor face-on radiography is also demonstrated and can be applied to other types of samples.

Sci Rep ; 9(1): 3689, 2019 Mar 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30842469


We demonstrate single-shot multi-frame imaging of quasi-2D cylindrically converging shock waves as they propagate through a multi-layer target sample assembly. We visualize the shock with sequences of up to 16 images, using a Fabry-Perot cavity to generate a pulse train that can be used in various imaging configurations. We employ multi-frame shadowgraph and dark-field imaging to measure the amplitude and phase of the light transmitted through the shocked target. Single-shot multi-frame imaging tracks geometric distortion and additional features in our images that were not previously resolvable in this experimental geometry. Analysis of our images, in combination with simulations, shows that the additional image features are formed by a coupled wave structure resulting from interface effects in our targets. This technique presents a new capability for tabletop imaging of shock waves that can be extended to experiments at large-scale facilities.