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1.
Arch Esp Urol ; 72(6): 596-601, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31274125

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We researched to detect the optimal method for evaluating stone volume, by comparing the ellipsoid formula and 3D reconstructed volume to gold standard of water displacement volume using 3D printed models. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed out patient database and evaluated 27 patients who had percutaneous nephrolithotripsy. From the DICOM data of patient's preoperative CT images, stone structures were obtained using an image identification system. All DICOM files were saved in the stereolithography file format and a 3D printed model was created. True stone volume was found by water displacement method using this model and this volume compared with ellipsoid formula and 3D-reconstructed volume. RESULTS: Stone volume on water displacement ranged from 0.38-29.8cm3 with a median of 17.5cm3, stone volume on ellipsoid formula ranged from 0.46-34.7cm3 with a median of 19.6cm3 and stone volume on CT based 3D-reconstructed ranged from 0.48-31.8cm3 with a median of 18.9cm3. There was a significant difference between ellipsoid formula and water displacement ( p <   0.0001 ); however, there was no difference between 3D-reconstructed volume and water displacement ( p = 0.051 ). CONCLUSION: Stone volume calculation using CT based 3D-reconstructed algorithm improves the accuracy of stone volume estimation and this measurement is superior to ellipsoid formula.

2.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(3): 621-628, May-June 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1012317

RESUMO

Abstract Purpose: To investigate the relationship between 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25 (OH) D) levels and acquired premature ejaculation (PE). Materials and Methods: A total of 97 patients with acquired PE and 64 healthy men as a control group selected from volunteers without PE attending our Andrology Outpatient Clinic between November 2016 and April 2017 were included the study. All patients were considered to have acquired PE if they fulfilled the criteria of the second Ad Hoc International Society for Sexual Medicine Committee. Premature ejaculation diagnostic tool questionnaires were used to assessment of PE and all participants were instructed to record intravaginal ejaculatory latency time. Vitamin D levels were evaluated in all participants using high performance liquid chromatography method included in the study. Results: Compared to men without PE, the patients with acquired PE had significantly lower 25 (OH) D levels (12.0 ± 4.5 ng/mL vs. 18.2 ± 7.4 ng/mL, p < 0.001). In the logistic regression analysis, 25 (OH) D was found to be an independent risk factor for acquired PE, with estimated odds ratios (95% CI) of 0.639 (0.460-0.887, p = 0.007) and the area under curve of the ROC curve of 25 (OH) D diagnosing acquired PE was 0.770 (95% CI: 0.695 to 0.844, p < 0.001). The best cut-off value was 16 ng/mL with a sensitivity of 60.9%, specificity of 83.5%, PPV of 70.9%, and NPV of 76.4% to indicate acquired PE. Conclusions: This study demonstrates that lower vitamin D levels are associated with the acquired PE. The result of our study showed that the role of serum vitamin D levels should be investigate in the etiology of acquired PE. Perhaps supplementation of vitamin D in men with acquired PE will ameliorate the sexual health of these patients.

3.
Int Braz J Urol ; 45(3): 621-628, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31063279

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the relationship between 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25 (OH) D) levels and acquired premature ejaculation (PE). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 97 patients with acquired PE and 64 healthy men as a control group selected from volunteers without PE attending our Andrology Outpatient Clinic between November 2016 and April 2017 were included the study. All patients were considered to have acquired PE if they fulfilled the criteria of the second Ad Hoc International Society for Sexual Medicine Committee. Premature ejaculation diagnostic tool questionnaires were used to assessment of PE and all participants were instructed to record intravaginal ejaculatory latency time. Vitamin D levels were evaluated in all participants using high performance liquid chromatography method included in the study. RESULTS: Compared to men without PE, the patients with acquired PE had significantly lower 25 (OH) D levels (12.0 ± 4.5 ng/mL vs. 18.2 ± 7.4 ng/mL, p < 0.001). In the logistic regression analysis, 25 (OH) D was found to be an independent risk factor for acquired PE, with estimated odds ratios (95% CI) of 0.639 (0.460-0.887, p = 0.007) and the area under curve of the ROC curve of 25 (OH) D diagnosing acquired PE was 0.770 (95% CI: 0.695 to 0.844, p < 0.001). The best cut-off value was 16 ng/mL with a sensitivity of 60.9%, specificity of 83.5%, PPV of 70.9%, and NPV of 76.4% to indicate acquired PE. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates that lower vitamin D levels are associated with the acquired PE. The result of our study showed that the role of serum vitamin D levels should be investigate in the etiology of acquired PE. Perhaps supplementation of vitamin D in men with acquired PE will ameliorate the sexual health of these patients.


Assuntos
Ejaculação Precoce/sangue , Ejaculação Precoce/etiologia , Deficiência de Vitamina D/sangue , Deficiência de Vitamina D/complicações , Vitamina D/análogos & derivados , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Curva ROC , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários , Testosterona/sangue , Vitamina D/sangue , Adulto Jovem
4.
World J Mens Health ; 36(3): 255-262, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30168299

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the pathophysiological role of superoxide anion and total reactive oxygen species (ROS) production by the spermatozoa of men with varicocele and its relationship with varicocele grade and semen parameters. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective study included 34 men with grade II-III varicocele, regardless of their fertility status. The control group consisted of 13 healthy men. Semen characteristics were examined according to the 2010 World Health Organization criteria. The swim-up method was used for sperm preparation. Total ROS and superoxide anion production was assayed by luminol- and lucigenin-dependent chemiluminescence (CL), respectively. RESULTS: The men with varicocele had significantly higher total ROS and superoxide anion levels than the healthy control subjects (2.9±0.4 relative light unit (RLU) vs. 2.4±0.1 RLU, p=0.001 for luminol-dependent CL and 2.8±0.4 RLU vs. 2.3±0.2 RLU, p=0.002 for lucigenin-dependent CL). Cases of grade III varicocele had significantly higher superoxide anion and total ROS levels than grade II cases and control subjects (p<0.001). Superoxide anion and total ROS levels were negatively correlated with all semen parameters. CONCLUSIONS: The superoxide anion levels produced by spermatozoa were significantly higher in varicocele patients than in control subjects. ROS production was related to increased varicocele grade, impaired semen concentration, and abnormal morphology in men with varicocele. Our findings suggest that superoxide anion overproduction may be an important step in the cascade of ROS-related damage to spermatozoa, resulting in impaired semen parameters in patients with varicocele.

5.
Int J Impot Res ; 30(6): 335-341, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30068978

RESUMO

Chronic Prostatitis/Chronic Pelvic Pain Syndrome (CP/CPPS) is often associated with erectile dysfunction (ED). However, the underlying pathophysiological mechanisms of ED occurrence are still unclear in patients with CP/CPPS. The aim of the study was to investigate superoxide anion (O2•-) and total reactive oxygen species (ROS) production in semen of men with category IIIA CP/CPPS and their association with ED. This prospective study included 33 men with category IIIA CP/CPPS. Control group consisted of 13 healthy men. Total ROS and O2•- production were assayed by luminol and lucigenin-dependent chemiluminescence (CL) methods, respectively. ED was evaluated using the IIEF-5 questionnaire. Patients with CP/CPPS had significantly higher seminal total ROS and O2•- levels than healthy control subjects (2.9 ± 0.5 relative light unit (RLU) vs. 2.4 ± 0.2 RLU, p < 0.001; luminol-dependent CL and 2.5 ± 0.4 RLU vs. 2.3 ± 0.2 RLU, p = 0.02; lucigenin-dependent CL, respectively). Seminal O2•- and ROS levels were negatively correlated with IIEF-5 scores (r = -0.556, r = -0.536; p < 0.001, respectively). These results may suggest O2•-/ROS overproduction could be one of the important mechanisms in the etiology of ED development in CP/CPPS patients.

6.
Urologia ; 85(2): 46-50, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30043712

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To examine the role of serum procalcitonin as a biomarker for the detection of prostate cancer in patients with a serum prostate-specific antigen less than 20.0 ng/mL. METHODS: The prospective study included patients with a prostate-specific antigen level of 2-20 ng/mL, who underwent prostate biopsy. Clinical and pathological data such as age, prostate volume, prostate-specific antigen, procalcitonin, and Gleason score were reviewed. All patients were divided into three groups with total prostate-specific antigen level between 2 and 4 ng/mL, 4.1 and 10 ng/mL, and 10.1 and 20 ng/mL. RESULTS: Of 227 patients who underwent biopsy, prostate cancer was diagnosed in 74 (32.6%) patients and the remaining 153 patients had a benign condition. The difference in mean serum procalcitonin values was significantly higher in the prostate cancer compared with the benign group (0.06 ± 0.03 vs 0.04 ± 0.03 ng/mL; p = 0.0001). Using a threshold of 0.045 ng/mL, procalcitonin was 54.1% sensitive and 80.3% specific (area under curve = 0.683). Serum procalcitonin levels were not able to differentiate between prostate cancer patients with prostate-specific antigen level of 2-4, 4.1-10, and 10.1-20 ng/mL. CONCLUSION: Based on this prospective study, procalcitonin can be a novel supplementary biomarker to increase the accuracy of prostate cancer screening.

7.
Aging Male ; : 1-6, 2018 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29616850

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between mean platelet volume (MPV) and vitamin D levels according to ED severity. METHODS: Between October 2015 and September 2017, patients who applied to the andrology outpatient clinic with an ED complaint were retrospectively reviewed. Patients with diabetes, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, malignancy, late-onset hypogonadism and smokers were not included in the study. The International Erectile Function Index-Erectile Function (IIEF-EF) questionnaire was used to assess the levels of erectile function. According to this scoring system, patients were divided into two groups. IIEF score: between 17 and 25 = mild ED (Group 1) and IIEF score between 16 and 0 = moderate-severe ED (Group 2). Blood samples of the patients were taken from antecubital vein and MPV and 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] levels were evaluated. RESULTS: Ninety patients were included in the study (Group 1: n = 41, Group 2: n = 49). The mean age of the patients was 41.07 ± 8.56 and the mean body mass index (BMI) was 27.59 ± 3.91. 25(OH)D levels were found to be statistically lower in Group 2 (18.85 ± 6.09; 13.98 ± 7.10; p = .001). MPV levels were found to be statistically higher in Group 2 (10.05 ± 0.81; 10.78 ± 1.16; p = .001). Correlation between IIEF-EF scores and 25(OH)D levels was positive (p = .03, r = 0.22). There was negative correlation between IIEF-EF scores and MPV and between 25(OH)D levels and MPV levels [p = .003 for IIEF-EF/MPV, p = .04, r = -0.23 for 25(OH)D/MPV]. CONCLUSION: There is a significant positive correlation between ED severity and 25(OH)D levels and there is a significant negative correlation between ED severity and MPV levels.

8.
Int Urol Nephrol ; 50(4): 633-637, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29497891

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of this prospective, observational study was to investigate the relationship between premature ejaculation (PE) and female sexual response cycle, using the female sexual function index (FSFI). The FSFI evaluates female sexual function in six domains: desire, arousal, lubrication, orgasm, satisfaction, and pain. METHODS: All men were considered to have PE if they fulfilled the criteria of the second Ad Hoc International Society for Sexual Medicine (ISSM) Committee. All men were also assessed by the Premature Ejaculation Diagnostic Tool (PEDT) and intravaginal ejaculatory latency time (IELT) using stopwatch which was held by the partner. All women completed the FSFI. RESULTS: A total of 181 couples who had regular sexual intercourse with one partner for the past 6 months were enrolled the study. By the definition of ISSM Committee, there were 117 men with PE and 64 men without PE. Partners of men with PE had significantly lower total FSFI scores than did partners of men without PE (21.8 ± 3.5 for PE and 26.4 ± 3.1 for non-PE, p < 0.001). Moreover, all the domains of the FSFI scoring system were separately associated with PE. According to the mean FSFI scores, the 48.43% of women had sexual dysfunction in the non-PE group, and all women had sexual dysfunction in PE group. CONCLUSION: PE is associated with female sexual dysfunction and all of the female sexual dysfunction domains, as determined by FSFI scores.


Assuntos
Nível de Alerta , Orgasmo , Dor , Satisfação Pessoal , Ejaculação Precoce/fisiopatologia , Disfunções Sexuais Fisiológicas/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Coito , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dor/etiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Parceiros Sexuais , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
9.
Int Braz J Urol ; 44(2): 288-295, 2018 Mar-Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29211398

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the relationship between De Ritis (aspartate aminotransaminase [AST]/Alanine aminotransaminase [ALT]) ratio and pathological variables and whether it is an independent prognostic factor. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed 298 consecutive patients who underwent radical or partial nephrectomy for non-metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC) between 2006 and 2015. The association between De Ritis ratio and pathological variables including tumor size, presence of renal vein invasion, vena cava invasion, renal capsule infiltration, Gerota fascia invasion, renal sinus involvement, renal pelvic invasion, angiolymphatic invasion, adrenal gland involvement, lymph node involvement, tumor necrosis, and Fuhrman's grade was tested. Multivariable Cox analysis was performed to evaluate the impact of this ratio on overall survival and cancer-specific survival. RESULTS: An increased preoperative De Ritis ratio was significantly associated with renal vein invasion, renal capsule infiltration and renal pelvis involvement (p<0.05) in non-metastatic RCC. On multivariate analysis we found that tumor size, Fuhrman grade and lymph node involvement were independent prognostic factors for cancerspecific survival. AST/ALT ratio had no influence on the risk of overall and cancerspecific survival. CONCLUSION: An increased preoperative AST/ALT ratio had a significant association with renal vein invasion, renal capsule infiltration and renal pelvis involvement in patients with non-metastatic RCC. However, it does not appear to be an independent prognostic marker in non-metastatic RCC.


Assuntos
Alanina Transaminase/sangue , Aspartato Aminotransferases/sangue , Carcinoma de Células Renais/enzimologia , Neoplasias Renais/enzimologia , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Carcinoma de Células Renais/mortalidade , Carcinoma de Células Renais/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Renais/mortalidade , Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Invasividade Neoplásica , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Análise de Sobrevida
10.
Urolithiasis ; 46(3): 303-309, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28646306

RESUMO

We analyzed our stone-free rates of PNL with regard to stone burden and its ratio to the renal collecting system volume. Data of 164 patients who underwent PNL were analyzed retrospectively. Volume segmentation of renal collecting system and stones were done using 3D segmentation software with the images obtained from CT data. Analyzed stone volume (ASV) and renal collecting system volume (RCSV) were measured and the ASV-to-RCSV ratio was calculated after the creation of a 3D surface volume rendering of renal stones and the collecting system. Univariate and multivariate statistical analyses were performed to determine factors affecting stone-free rates; also we assessed the predictive accuracy of the ASV-to-RCSV ratio using the receiving operating curve (ROC) and AUC. The stone-free rate of PNL monotherapy was 53% (164 procedures).The ASV-to-RCSV ratio and calyx number with stones were the most influential predictors of stone-free status (OR 4.15, 95% CI 2.24-7.24, <0.001, OR 2.62, 95% CI 1.38-4.97, p < 0.001, respectively). Other factors associated with the stone-free rate were maximum stone size (p < 0.029), stone surface area (p < 0.010), and stone burden volume (p < 0.001). Predictive accuracy of the ASV-to-RCSV ratio was AUC 0.76. Stone burden volume distribution in the renal collecting system, which is calculated using the 3D volume segmentation method, is a significant determinant of the stone-free rate before PCNL surgery. It could be used as a single guide variable by the clinician before renal stone surgery to predict extra requirements for stone clearance.


Assuntos
Cálculos Renais/cirurgia , Rim/diagnóstico por imagem , Nefrolitotomia Percutânea/métodos , Adulto , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Imagem Tridimensional/métodos , Rim/cirurgia , Cálculos Renais/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Prostate Int ; 5(3): 104-109, 2017 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28828353

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To evaluate the impact of poor glycemic control of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) on serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) concentrations in men. METHODS: We performed a prospective analysis of 215 consecutive patients affected by erectile dysfunction (ED). ED was evaluated using the IIEF-5 questionnaire and the poor glycemic control (PGC) of T2DM was assessed according to the HbA1c criteria (International Diabetes Federation). Patients were divided into PGC group (HbA1c ≥ 7%) and control group (CG) (HbA1c < 6%). Correlations between serum HbA1c levels and various variables were evaluated and multivariate logistic regression analyses were carried out to identify variables for PGC. RESULTS: We compared 110 cases to 105 controls men ranging from 44 to 81 years of age, lower PSA concentrations were observed in men with PGC (PGC mean PSA: 0.9 ng/dl, CG mean PSA: 2.1 ng/dl, p < 0.001). Also mean prostate volume was 60% was smaller among men with PGC compared with men with CG (PGC mean prostate volume: 26 ml, CG prostate volume: 43 ml, p < 0.001). A strong negative correlation was found between serum HbA1c levels and serum PSA (p < 0.001 and r = -0.665) concentrations in men with PGC. We also found at the multivariate logistic regression model that PSA, prostate volume and peak systolic velocity were independent predictors of PGC. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that there is significant impact of PGC on serum PSA levels in T2DM. Poor glycemic control of type 2 diabetes was associated with lower serum PSA levels and smaller prostate volumes.

12.
Prostate Int ; 5(2): 59-64, 2017 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28593168

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To evaluate men, with lower urinary tract symptoms and newly elevated serum prostate specific antigen (PSA) to determine whether a three-week course of ciprofloxacin antibiotics lowers serum PSA levels and affects recommendations for prostate biopsy. METHODS: A prospective, controlled, single-center prospective trial of 177 men with a newly elevated PSA and lower urinary tract symptoms was conducted. Patients were randomized to three weeks of ciprofloxacin or observation. After three weeks, patients PSA levels and derivatives were repeated. At the end of 3 weeks, all patients underwent TRUS guided systematic 12-core prostate biopsies regardless of the final PSA value. RESULTS: Of 177 men who completed the study, 88 were in the treatment and 89 in the observation group. 46.5% of treatment and %18 of control groups patients PSA levels had decreased after 3 weeks and a significant PSA reduction was observed in the treatment group compare to control group (p: 0.035) but no significant prostate cancer detection rates were observed between the groups (p: 0.418). Also, in the treatment group prostate cancer detection rate was significantly higher in patients whom PSA levels were decreased (p: 0.011). CONCLUSION: This study has shown that, use empirical antibiotic treatment decreased the PSA levels but did not have any effect on prostate cancer detection. In addition, prostate cancer detection rates were found to be higher in patients with reduced PSA levels after treatment. Therefore, it may not be safe to rule out biopsies in patients who achieve a satisfactory PSA response to antibiotics.

13.
Int Braz J Urol ; 43(3): 470-475, 2017 May-Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28338309

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of personalized three dimensional (3D) printed pelvicalyceal system models on patient information before percutaneous nephrolithotripsy surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients with unilateral complex renal stones with indicatation of percutaneous nephrolithotripsy surgery were selected. Usable data of patients were obtained from CT scans as Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (DICOM) format. Mimics software version 16.0 (Materialise, Belgium) was used for segmentation and extraction of pelvicalyceal systems. DICOM format were converted to Stereolithography file format. Finally, fused deposition modeling was used to create plasticine 3D models of pelvicalyceal systems. A questionnaire was designed for patients to assess personalized 3D models effect on patient's understanding their conditions before percutaneous nephrolithotripsy surgery (PCNL). The day before surgery, each patient was seen by a urologist to deliver information about surgery. Questionnaire forms were asked to patients complete before and after presentation of 3D models and the results of the questions were compared. RESULTS: Five patient's anatomically accurate models of the human renal collecting system were successfully generated. After the 3D printed model presentation, patients demonstrated an improvement in their understanding of basic kidney anatomy by 60% (p=0.017), kidney stone position by 50% (p=0.02), the planned surgical procedure by 60% (p=0.017), and understanding the complications related to the surgery by 64% (p=0.015). In addition, overall satisfaction of conservation improvement was 50% (p=0.02). CONCLUSION: Generating kidney models of PCSs using 3D printing technology is feasible, and understandings of the disease and the surgical procedure from patients were well appreciated with this novel technology.


Assuntos
Imagem Tridimensional/métodos , Cálculos Renais/diagnóstico por imagem , Cálculos Renais/cirurgia , Rim/diagnóstico por imagem , Nefrostomia Percutânea/métodos , Impressão Tridimensional , Humanos , Modelos Anatômicos , Projetos Piloto , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
14.
J Endourol ; 30(10): 1132-1137, 2016 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27506462

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of three-dimensional (3D) printed pelvicaliceal system models on residents' understanding of pelvicaliceal system anatomy before percutaneous nephrolithotripsy (PCNL). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with unilateral complex renal stones indicating PCNL were selected. Usable data of patients were obtained from CT-scans in Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (DICOM) format. Mimics software version 16.0 (Materialise, Belgium) was used for segmentation and extraction of pelvicaliceal systems (PCSs). All DICOM-formatted files were converted to the stereolithography file format. Finally, fused deposition modeling was used to create plasticine 3D models of PCSs. A questionnaire was designed so that residents could assess the 3D models' effects on their understanding of the anatomy of the pelvicaliceal system before PCNL (Fig. 3). RESULTS: Five patients' anatomically accurate models of the human renal collecting system were effectively generated (Figs. 1 and 2). After presentation of the 3D models, residents were 86% and 88% better at determining the number of anterior and posterior calices, respectively, 60% better at understanding stone location, and 64% better at determining optimal entry calix into the collecting system (Fig. 5). CONCLUSION: Generating kidney models of PCSs using 3D printing technology is feasible, and the models were accepted by residents as aids in surgical planning and understanding of pelvicaliceal system anatomy before PCNL.


Assuntos
Internato e Residência , Cálculos Renais/cirurgia , Cálices Renais/anatomia & histologia , Cálices Renais/cirurgia , Litotripsia/métodos , Urologia/educação , Adulto , Humanos , Rim , Cálculos Renais/diagnóstico por imagem , Modelos Anatômicos , Médicos , Projetos Piloto , Impressão Tridimensional , Prostatectomia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
15.
Int Braz J Urol ; 42(2): 293-301, 2016 Mar-Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27256184

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the long-term surgical, functional, and quality-of-life (QoL) outcomes after Holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) in patients with symptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed recorded data on patients who underwent HoLEP between June 2002 and February 2005. Ninety-six patients were enrolled. Demographic, perioperative, and postoperative data were recorded. On follow-up, International Prostate Symptom Scores (IPSSs), prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels, QoL scores, peak uroflowmetric data (Qmax values), and post-voiding residual urine volumes (PVR volumes), were recorded. Complications were scored using the Clavien system. Statistical significance was set at p<0.05. RESULTS: The mean follow-up time was 41.8±34.6 months and the mean patient age 73.2±8.7 years. The mean prostate volume was 74.6±34.3mL. Significant improvements in Qmax values, QoL, and IPSSs and decreases in PSA levels and PVR volumes were noted during follow-up (all p values=0.001). The most common complication was a requirement for re-catheterisation because of urinary retention. Two patients had concomitant bladder tumours that did not invade the muscles. Eight patients (8.3%) required re-operations; three had residual adenoma, three urethral strictures, and two residual prostate tissue in the bladder. Stress incontinence occurred in one patient (1%). All complications were of Clavien Grade 3a. We noted no Clavien 3b, 4, or 5 complications during follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: HoLEP improved IPSSs, Qmax values, PVR volumes, and QoL and was associated with a low complication rate, during extended follow-up. Thus, HoLEP can be a viable option to transurethral resection of the prostate.


Assuntos
Terapia a Laser/métodos , Lasers de Estado Sólido/uso terapêutico , Hiperplasia Prostática/cirurgia , Qualidade de Vida , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Seguimentos , Humanos , Terapia a Laser/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Duração da Cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Próstata/patologia , Próstata/cirurgia , Antígeno Prostático Específico/sangue , Hiperplasia Prostática/patologia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Bexiga Urinária/cirurgia
16.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 42(2): 293-301, Mar.-Apr. 2016. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: lil-782874

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objectives: To evaluate the long-term surgical, functional, and quality-of-life (QoL) outcomes after Holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) in patients with symptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Materials and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed recorded data on patients who underwent HoLEP between June 2002 and February 2005. Ninety-six patients were enrolled. Demographic, perioperative, and postoperative data were recorded. On follow-up, International Prostate Symptom Scores (IPSSs), prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels, QoL scores, peak uroflowmetric data (Qmax values), and post-voiding residual urine volumes (PVR volumes), were recorded. Complications were scored using the Clavien system. Statistical significance was set at p<0.05. Results: The mean follow-up time was 41.8±34.6 months and the mean patient age 73.2±8.7 years. The mean prostate volume was 74.6±34.3mL. Significant improvements in Qmax values, QoL, and IPSSs and decreases in PSA levels and PVR volumes were noted during follow-up (all p values=0.001). The most common complication was a requirement for re-catheterisation because of urinary retention. Two patients had concomitant bladder tumours that did not invade the muscles. Eight patients (8.3%) required re-operations; three had residual adenoma, three urethral strictures, and two residual prostate tissue in the bladder. Stress incontinence occurred in one patient (1%). All complications were of Clavien Grade 3a. We noted no Clavien 3b, 4, or 5 complications during follow-up. Conclusions: HoLEP improved IPSSs, Qmax values, PVR volumes, and QoL and was associated with a low complication rate, during extended follow-up. Thus, HoLEP can be a viable option to transurethral resection of the prostate.

17.
Int Urol Nephrol ; 46(8): 1477-80, 2014 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24682863

RESUMO

A 38-year-old woman presented with a lifelong history of involuntary urinary leakage. The patient reported that she had been operated for her urinary leakage with the diagnosis of stress incontinence with transobturator tape two times at two different institutions. Preoperative computed tomography scan showed complete duplication of the left kidney with poorly functioning upper pole and a tortuous left dilated ureter running down and opening into the vagina. Laparoscopic left upper pole heminephrectomy and ureterectomy were performed uneventfully. Her incontinence improved immediately after surgery.


Assuntos
Anormalidades Múltiplas/cirurgia , Rim/anormalidades , Ureter/anormalidades , Incontinência Urinária/etiologia , Vagina/anormalidades , Anormalidades Múltiplas/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Rim/cirurgia , Laparoscopia , Nefrectomia , Radiografia , Ureter/cirurgia , Incontinência Urinária/cirurgia , Vagina/cirurgia
18.
Urol Int ; 77(2): 190-2, 2006.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16888431

RESUMO

Hemorrhagic cystitis can occur 6 months to 10 years after pelvic irradiation. Various palliative treatment alternatives may be unsuccessful in the management of severe hemorrhagic cystitis, so that in rare cases radical surgery will be the last resort.A 77-year-old man with persistent bleeding due to hemorrhagic cystitis after radiotherapy for prostate cancer was initially treated with conservative measures. All of these treatment methods were unsuccessful. His condition deteriorated and became life-threatening. As a last resort, laparoscopic cystoprostatectomy and mini-laparotomy ileal conduit diversion were successfully performed with no intraoperative or postoperative complications. To our knowledge, this is the first report on laparoscopic cystoprostatectomy for a patient with previous radiotherapy to the pelvis.


Assuntos
Cistectomia/métodos , Cistite/etiologia , Cistite/cirurgia , Hemorragia/etiologia , Hemorragia/cirurgia , Laparoscopia , Prostatectomia/métodos , Neoplasias da Próstata/radioterapia , Lesões por Radiação/cirurgia , Idoso , Humanos , Masculino
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