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Oral Maxillofac Surg ; 2021 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34491457


The aim of this bibliometric research was to identify and analyze the top 100 cited systematic reviews in the field of oral and maxillofacial surgery in order to guide any professional level with interest in this topic and to map the current trends the field of oral and maxillofacial surgery. Using the Web of Science database without restrictions on publication year or language, a bibliometric analysis was performed for the five major journals of oral and maxillofacial surgery: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (IJOMS), Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (JOMS), Journal of Cranio-maxillofacial Surgery (JCMS), British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery (BJOMS), and Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology (Triple-O). The most top-cited systematic review was published in 2015 with a total of 200 citations on survival and success rates of dental implants, consistent with the finding that "pre- and peri-implant surgery and dental implantology," and "craniomaxillofacial deformities and cosmetic surgery" were the most frequently cited topics (22% each). The majority of top cited papers were published in IJOMS (43%), followed by JOMS (34%), Triple-O (8%), JCMS(8%) and BJOMS(7%). The highest number of contributions was from the Netherlands, followed by Italy and USA. The outcome of this article can be used as a source of information and to guide not just researchers but also clinicians and students to which areas are trending in the field of oral and maxillofacial surgery, thus also having a large impact on the field of oral and maxillofacial surgery. However, this article cannot reflect the quality of the included systematic reviews.

J Prosthet Dent ; 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33070972


STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Occlusal devices, particularly the stabilization appliances, have been commonly used as treatment for painful temporomandibular disorders (TMDs). However, the mechanisms of action of these devices are still unclear, including the role of the placebo effect in the pain management. PURPOSE: The purpose of this network meta-analysis was to identify to what extent the degree of efficacy of stabilization appliances in the management of painful TMDs arises from the placebo effect only or whether it arises chiefly from an actual effect. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An electronic search was undertaken to identify randomized clinical trials (RCTs) published up to April 2020, comparing the efficacy of the stabilization appliances in patients with painful temporomandibular disorders, with nonoccluding appliances (active placebo), and untreated controls (passive placebo). Outcome variables were pain intensity at follow-ups, the proportion of participants reporting pain improvement, and the number needed to treat. The quality of evidence was rated as per the Cochrane tool for assessing risk of bias. Mean difference was used to analyze via frequentist network meta-analysis by using the STATA software program. RESULTS: Treatment with stabilization appliances showed a significant reduction in pain intensity when compared with the other groups; but, the lower pain intensity at follow-ups in favor of stabilization appliances when compared with nonoccluding appliances was not statistically significant. However, a significantly higher number of participants reported pain improvement after treatment with stabilization appliances when compared with those treated with nonoccluding appliances or untreated participants. CONCLUSIONS: This network meta-analysis showed no significant difference in reported pain intensity at follow-ups between the treatment of painful TMDs with stabilization appliances or nonoccluding appliances (active placebo). However, a significant difference in participants reporting treatment satisfaction with reduced pain, and a significantly lower number needed to treat in favor of stabilization appliances were found. Patient-reported treatment satisfaction probably included more domains than just pain intensity, such as improvements in physical functioning and psychosocial factors, and deserves further investigation. The authors concluded that stabilization appliances treatment efficacy is beyond the placebo effect.

J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 9(4): 259-270, ago. 31, 2020. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1179044


Objective: This review addresses a clinical research question related to lower third molar surgery (L3MS): does the combination of pre-emptive low-dose ketamine with local anesthesia (KLA) reduce postoperative complications compared with local anesthesia (LA) alone? Material and methods: A systematic literature search was performed to identify eligible articles by electronic searches of PubMed, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, EBSCO Library, Web of Science and grey literature through June 2019 without data or language restrictions. We analyzed all randomized controlled clinical studies (RCTs) comparing use of KLA with use of LA in L3MS regarding pain, swelling, and trismus outcomes. The quality of evidence was rated according to Cochrane's tool for assessing risk of bias. Results: Five RCTs encompassing 230 extraction sites (KLA = 115, LA = 115) were included in this study. The standardized mean difference (SMD) with the 95% confidence interval (CI) was used to synthesize the results. The data show that there were significant differences between the two groups in post-operative pain (SMD -1.464, 95% CI -1.683 to -0.949, p= 0.001) and swelling (SMD -0.450, 95% CI -0.758 to -0.142, p= 0.004, all low quality evidence). However, there was no significant difference in the trismus (SMD -0.754, CI -1.487 to -0.022, p = 0.043, very low quality evidence). Conclusion: The combination of pre-emptive low-dose ketamine with LA significantly decreased pain and swelling within the first 24 hours after L3MS compared with the control group.

Objetivo: Esta revisión aborda una pregunta de investigación clínica relacionada con la cirugía del tercer molar inferior (L3MS): ¿la combinación de ketamina preventiva en dosis bajas con anestesia local (KLA) reduce las complicaciones postoperatorias en comparación con la anestesia local (AL) sola? Material y Métodos: Se realizó una búsqueda bibliográfica sistemática para identificar artículos elegibles mediante búsquedas electrónicas en PubMed, Registro Cochrane Central de Ensayos Controlados, Biblioteca EBSCO, Web of Science y literatura gris hasta junio de 2019 sin restricciones de datos ni de idioma. Se analizaron todos los estudios clínicos controlados aleatorios (ECA) que compararon el uso de KLA con el uso de LA en L3MS con respecto a los resultados de dolor, hinchazón y trismo. La calidad de la evidencia se clasificó de acuerdo con la herramienta Cochrane para evaluar el riesgo de sesgo. Resultados: Se incluyeron en este estudio cinco ECA que abarcan 230 sitios de extracción (KLA = 115, LA = 115). La diferencia de medias estandarizada (DME) con el intervalo de confianza (IC) del 95% se utilizó para sintetizar los resultados. Los datos muestran que hubo diferencias significativas entre los dos grupos en el dolor posoperatorio (DME -1,464; IC del 95%: -1,683 a -0,949; p= 0,001) e hinchazón (DME -0,450; IC del 95%: -0,758 a -0,142, p= 0,004, todas las pruebas de baja calidad). Sin embargo, no hubo diferencias significativas en el trismo (DME -0,754; IC: -1,487 a -0,022; p= 0,043, evidencia de muy baja calidad). Conclusión: La combinación de ketamina preventiva en dosis bajas con LA disminuyó significativamente el dolor y la hinchazón dentro de las primeras 24 horas después de la L3MS en comparación con el grupo de control.

Humanos , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/terapia , Ketamina/administração & dosagem , Anestesia Local , Dor , Morbidade , Dente Serotino/cirurgia
J Craniomaxillofac Surg ; 45(1): 131-144, 2017 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27955959


PURPOSE: Among the different surgical treatments for keratocystic odontogenic tumors (KOTs), there is no single method associated with a zero recurrence rate (RR). Thus, this study aimed to seek the best surgical treatment with the least RR using a weighted event rated meta-analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: To address our study purpose, a systematic review and meta-analysis based on the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guideline was performed. An extensive search of major databases through PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane CENTRAL was conducted to identify all relevant articles published without language restrictions from inception to August 2016. Relevant articles were selected based on the following inclusion criteria: prospective, retrospective, and case series studies that assessed various treatments in non-syndromic KOTs in which RRs were included. The predictor variable was treatment groups, namely: enucleation alone, enucleation with peripheral ostectomy, enucleation with Carnoy's solution application, enucleation with cryotherapy, marsupialization alone, decompression followed by residual cystectomy, and resection. The outcome variable was RR. A weighted RR using a random effect model (because of variation in follow-up time) with a 95% confidence interval (CI) was performed. Data analysis was performed using a comprehensive meta-analysis software. RESULTS: A total of 2287 KOTs in 35 studies were included in this analysis. The weighted RR for various treatment techniques was as follows: enucleation alone (23.1%), enucleation with curettage (17.4%), enucleation and Carnoy's solution (11.5%), enucleation plus liquid nitrogen cryotherapy (14.5%), marsupialization alone (32.3%), decompression followed by residual cystectomy (14.6%), and resection (8.4%). The pooled weighted overall RR of KOTs for all different treatments was 16.6%. CONCLUSION: Radical resection remains the certain option for obtaining the lowest recurrence with KOTs. However, low recurrence accompanies enucleation with application of Carnoy's solution or cryotherapy as the first-line treatment for primary KOTs. Marsupialization (where indicated) must be followed by secondary cystectomy to minimize recurrence. We believe that to achieve the least possible morbidity, resections should be reserved for multiple recurrent lesions and possibly syndromic cases.

Doenças Mandibulares/cirurgia , Doenças Maxilares/cirurgia , Cistos Odontogênicos/cirurgia , Humanos , Recidiva , Resultado do Tratamento