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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 112(31): 9552-7, 2015 Aug 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26195771


We propose a quantum dimer model for the metallic state of the hole-doped cuprates at low hole density, p. The Hilbert space is spanned by spinless, neutral, bosonic dimers and spin S = 1/2, charge +e fermionic dimers. The model realizes a "fractionalized Fermi liquid" with no symmetry breaking and small hole pocket Fermi surfaces enclosing a total area determined by p. Exact diagonalization, on lattices of sizes up to 8 × 8, shows anisotropic quasiparticle residue around the pocket Fermi surfaces. We discuss the relationship to experiments.

Nat Commun ; 5: 5771, 2014 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25493606


The nature of the pseudogap regime of cuprate superconductors at low hole density remains unresolved. It has a number of seemingly distinct experimental signatures: a suppression of the paramagnetic spin susceptibility at high temperatures, low-energy electronic excitations that extend over arcs in the Brillouin zone, X-ray detection of charge-density wave order at intermediate temperatures and quantum oscillations at high magnetic fields and low temperatures. Here we show that a model of competing charge-density wave and superconducting orders provides a unified description of the intermediate and low-temperature regimes. We treat quantum oscillations at high field beyond semiclassical approximations, and find clear and robust signatures of an electron pocket compatible with existing observations; we also predict oscillations due to additional hole pockets. In the zero-field and intermediate temperature regime, we compute the electronic spectrum in the presence of thermally fluctuating charge-density and superconducting orders. Our results are compatible with experimental trends.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 111(30): E3026-32, 2014 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24989503


The identity of the fundamental broken symmetry (if any) in the underdoped cuprates is unresolved. However, evidence has been accumulating that this state may be an unconventional density wave. Here we carry out site-specific measurements within each CuO2 unit cell, segregating the results into three separate electronic structure images containing only the Cu sites [Cu(r)] and only the x/y axis O sites [Ox(r) and O(y)(r)]. Phase-resolved Fourier analysis reveals directly that the modulations in the O(x)(r) and O(y)(r) sublattice images consistently exhibit a relative phase of π. We confirm this discovery on two highly distinct cuprate compounds, ruling out tunnel matrix-element and materials-specific systematics. These observations demonstrate by direct sublattice phase-resolved visualization that the density wave found in underdoped cuprates consists of modulations of the intraunit-cell states that exhibit a predominantly d-symmetry form factor.

Phys Rev Lett ; 108(23): 231602, 2012 Jun 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23003946


We construct and probe a holographic description of a state of matter that results from coupling a Fermi liquid to a relativistic conformal field theory (CFT). The bulk solution is described by a quantum gas of fermions supported from collapse into the gravitational well of anti-de Sitter space by their own electrostatic repulsion. A physical interpretation of our result is that, in the probe limit studied here, the Landau quasiparticles survive this coupling to a CFT.