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1.
Blood Adv ; 3(18): 2689-2695, 2019 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31511228

RESUMO

Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) for relapsed pediatric non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) is often reserved for patients with certain NHL subtypes or high-risk disease whereas the remainder receive autologous HSCT. Given the aggressive nature of pediatric NHL, we performed allogeneic HSCTs for all patients regardless of disease risk. We report overall survival (OS) and prognostic variables in 36 pediatric patients who underwent allogeneic HSCT between 1998 and 2016. OS at 3 years was 67%. The 3-year OS varied based on NHL subtype: 100% for anaplastic large cell lymphoma (n = 14), 63% for diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (n = 8), 17% for lymphoblastic lymphoma (LL; n = 9) and 80% for other subtypes combined (n = 5). Disease status influenced outcome with 3-year OS of 100% for patients in complete remission (n = 15), 59% with partial remission (PR; n = 17), and 0% with progressive/stable disease (n = 3) (P = .004). Of the 17 patients in PR, all 6 with LL died of relapsed disease, whereas the other 11 attained remission after HSCT and remained disease-free. The cumulative incidence of relapse after HSCT for LL was 78% compared with 15% for all other NHL subtypes combined (P < .0001). Cumulative incidence of nonrelapse mortality (NRM) was low in our cohort at 6%. Hence, allogeneic HSCT is a well-tolerated and useful therapeutic option with low rates of NRM and relapse for all NHL subtypes except LL with active disease at HSCT.

2.
Pediatr Blood Cancer ; : e27929, 2019 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31339233

RESUMO

Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a syndrome of pathologic immune activation, often associated with genetic defects of lymphocyte cytotoxicity. Though a distinctive constellation of features has been described for HLH, diagnosis remains challenging as patients have diverse presentations associated with a variety of triggers. We propose two concepts to clarify how HLH is diagnosed and treated: within the broader syndrome of HLH, "HLH disease" should be distinguished from "HLH disease mimics" and HLH subtypes should be categorized by specific etiologic associations, not the ambiguous dichotomy of "primary" and "secondary." We provide expert-based advice regarding the diagnosis and initiation of treatment for patients with HLH, rooted in improved understanding of its pathophysiology.

3.
Clin Infect Dis ; 2019 Mar 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31102440

RESUMO

We describe 7 human immunodeficiency virus-infected Malawian children with Kaposi sarcoma who met criteria for Kaposi sarcoma herpesvirus (KSHV) inflammatory cytokine syndrome. Each presented with persistent fevers, bulky lymphadenopathy, massive hepatosplenomegaly, and severe cytopenias. Plasma analyses were performed in 2 patients, both demonstrating extreme elevations of KSHV viral load and interleukin 6.

4.
Pediatr Blood Cancer ; 66(8): e27798, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31099136

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Systemic forms of EBV-associated T-cell lymphoproliferative disorders of childhood (S-EBV-T-LPD) comprise three major forms: EBV-positive hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (EBV-HLH), systemic EBV-positive T-cell lymphoma (S-EBV-TCL), and systemic chronic active EBV infection (S-CAEBV). These disorders occur rarely in children in Western countries. Here, we described eight children of such entities. DESIGN: Eight cases (six clinical and two autopsy) with S-EBV-T-LPD of childhood were retrospectively identified from 1990 to 2015. Clinicopathologic parameters including histomorphology, immunophenotype, EBV studies, and T-cell receptor gene rearrangement studies were recorded. RESULTS: Patients include five females and three males of Hispanic, Asian, and Caucasian origins with an age range of 14 months to 9 years. Fever, hepatosplenomegaly, cytopenias, abnormal EBV serologies, and very high EBV viral loads were common findings. Histologic findings showed EBV+ T-cell infiltrates with variable degrees of architectural distortion and cytologic atypia ranging from no to mild cytologic atypia to overt lymphoma and tissue hemophagocytosis. All showed aberrant CD4+ or CD8+ T cells with dim to absent CD5, CD7, and CD3, and bright CD2 and CD45 by flow cytometry or loss of CD5 by immunohistochemistry. TCR gene rearrangement studies showed monoclonal rearrangements in all clinical cases (6/6). Outcomes were poor with treatment consisting of chemotherapy per the HLH-94 or HLH-2004 protocols with or without bone marrow transplant. CONCLUSION: In this large pediatric clinicopathologic study of S-EBV-T-LPD of childhood in the United States, EBV-HLH, S-EBV-TCL, and S-CAEBV show many overlapping features. Diagnosis is challenging, and overall outcome is poor using current HLH-directed therapies.

6.
Infect Agent Cancer ; 13: 33, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30455728

RESUMO

Background: Endemic Kaposi sarcoma (KS) was first described in African children over fifty years ago, but has recently been overshadowed by HIV-related disease. We aimed to evaluate the similarities and differences between endemic HIV-negative and epidemic HIV-positive pediatric KS in a KS-associated herpesvirus-endemic region of Africa. Methods: We describe clinical characteristics of 20 HIV-negative children with endemic KS over a six-year period and compare findings with a historical control-an HIV-related pediatric KS cohort from Lilongwe, Malawi. Results: The HIV-negative endemic KS cohort was 70% male with a median age of 9.3 years. Lymph node involvement was present in 50%, hyperpigmented skin lesions in 45%, and woody edema in 40%. One patient (5%) presented with oral KS involvement and no patients presented initially with visceral KS. Significant anemia (hemoglobin < 8 g/dL) and thrombocytopenia (platelet count < 100 × 109/L) were found at time of original KS diagnosis in 45 and 40% respectively. In both HIV-negative and HIV-positive cohorts, lymphadenopathy was the most common presentation, prototypical skin lesions were often absent, severe cytopenias were a common clinical feature, and treatment outcomes were similar. Patients with endemic KS demonstrated less frequent oral involvement (5% versus 29%, P = 0.03) and a lower proportion of patients with visceral involvement (0% versus 16%, P = 0.06). Conclusions: These data suggest clinical overlap between epidemiological variants. Treatment protocols for pediatric KS in sub-Saharan Africa should be devised to include both endemic HIV-negative and epidemic HIV-related disease to better define the clinical and biological comparison.

8.
Pediatr Crit Care Med ; 19(10): e522-e530, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30113519

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis poses significant challenges due to limited tools to guide clinical decisions in a population at high risk of death. We sought to assess whether disseminated intravascular coagulation and hepatobiliary dysfunction, significant comorbidities seen in critical care settings, would identify hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis patients with increased risk of mortality. DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. SETTING: Single-center PICU. PATIENTS: All patients admitted to a tertiary care children's hospital diagnosed with hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis from 2005 to 2012. INTERVENTIONS: None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Forty-three patients were diagnosed with hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis with median age of 61 months. The 5-year overall survival was 51% (22/43). Univariate analyses revealed ferritin levels greater than 10,000 (ng/mL), international normalized ratio greater than 1.5, or platelet counts less than 100,000/µL at initiation of dexamethasone were individually associated with mortality. Development of disseminated intravascular coagulation, hepatobiliary dysfunction, or both increased the likelihood of death in hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis patients (relative risk; 95% CI) (6; 1.4-34; p < 0.05), (4.1; 1.8-10; p < 0.05), and (7.5; 1.8-42; p < 0.05). Of 12 autopsies performed, 75% had at least one active infection, 66% had chronic lymphopenia, 50% had lymphocyte depletion in the spleen, thymus, or bone marrow, 42% had evidence of microvascular thrombosis, and 92% had evidence of hepatocellular injury. CONCLUSIONS: Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis continues to have high mortality with hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis-1994/2004 (dexamethasone/etoposide), the current standard of care for all children with hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis. Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis patients who developed disseminated intravascular coagulation, hepatobiliary dysfunction, or both had higher risk of death with mortalities of 60%, 77%, and 77%, respectively. Phenotypic classifications are urgently needed to guide individualized treatment strategies to improve outcomes for children with hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis.

9.
Blood ; 132(13): 1438-1451, 2018 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29997222

RESUMO

Allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) with myeloablative conditioning for disorders associated with excessive inflammation such as hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is associated with early mortality. A multicenter prospective phase 2 trial of reduced-intensity conditioning with melphalan, fludarabine, and intermediate-timing alemtuzumab was conducted for HLA matched or single HLA locus mismatched related or unrelated donor HCT in a largely pediatric cohort. Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis was cyclosporine with methylprednisolone. The primary end point was 1-year overall survival (OS). Thirty-four patients with HLH and 12 with other primary immune deficiencies were transplanted. With a median follow-up of 20 months, the 1-year OS for transplanted patients was 80.4% (90% confidence interval [CI], 68.6%-88.2%). Five additional deaths by 16 months yielded an 18-month OS probability of 66.7% (90% CI, 52.9%-77.3%). Two patients experienced primary graft failure, and 18 patients either experienced a secondary graft failure or required a second intervention (mostly donor lymphocyte infusion [DLI]). At 1 year, the proportion of patients alive with sustained engraftment without DLI or second HCT was 39.1% (95% CI, 25.2%-54.6%), and that of being alive and engrafted (with or without DLI) was 60.9% (95% CI, 45.4 %-74.9%). The day 100 incidence of grade II to IV acute GVHD was 17.4% (95% CI, 8.1%-29.7%), and 1-year incidence of chronic GVHD was 26.7% (95% CI, 14.6%-40.4%). Although the trial demonstrated low early mortality, the majority of surviving patients required DLI or second HCT. These results demonstrate a need for future approaches that maintain low early mortality with improved sustained engraftment. The trial was registered at Clinical Trials.gov (NCT 01998633).

10.
Ann Epidemiol ; 28(8): 521-528, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29724524

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Potential roles of inherited and environmental risk factors in pathogenesis of Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH), a myeloid neoplastic disorder, are undefined. We therefore evaluated the role of parental and perinatal factors on the risk of this childhood cancer. METHODS: Information on LCH cases (n = 162) for the period 1995-2011 was obtained from the Texas Cancer Registry. Birth certificate controls were frequency-matched on year of birth at a ratio of 10:1 for the same period. Variables evaluated included parental age, race/ethnicity, size for gestational age, and birth order. Logistic regression was used to generate an adjusted odds ratio (aOR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) testing the association between each factor and LCH. RESULTS: Few perinatal or parental factors were associated with LCH risk, with the exception of race/ethnicity. Mothers of Hispanic ethnicity were more likely to have children who developed LCH compared to non-Hispanic whites (aOR: 1.51; 95% CI: 1.02-2.25). This risk increased when both parents were Hispanic (aOR: 1.80; 95% CI: 1.13-2.87). Non-Hispanic black mothers were suggested as less likely to give birth to offspring who developed LCH compared to non-Hispanic whites (aOR: 0.50; 95% CI: 0.24-1.02). CONCLUSIONS: LCH is characterized by somatic mutations in MAPK pathway genes in myeloid precursors. Increased risk for LCH in children of Hispanic parents suggests potential impact of inherited factors on LCH pathogenesis.

11.
Pract Radiat Oncol ; 8(5): e364-e368, 2018 Sep - Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29730281

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to determine the incidence of radiation pneumonitis (RP) in children receiving radiation therapy (RT) for Hodgkin lymphoma (HL). METHODS AND PATIENTS: A retrospective chart review was conducted of pediatric HL patients who received multiagent chemotherapy followed by RT to any part of the chest. The National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events, version 4.03, was used to determine the RP grade. Parameters analyzed included sex; age; bleomycin dose; and RT dosimetric variables such as mean lung dose (MLD), mean individual (i; right vs left) lung dose or iMLD, V5 to V25, and individual lung V5 to V25. RESULTS: From 2008 through 2016, 54 children with HL received RT to the chest and had follow-up and dosimetry information. All patients received induction chemotherapy; the most common regimen was Adriamycin, bleomycin, vincristine, etoposide, prednisone, and cyclophosphamide-based chemotherapy (n = 48). All received a prescribed dose of 21 Gy in 14 fractions. Median follow-up from completion of RT was 39.5 months. Three of 54 patients (5.6%) or 3 of 108 (2.8%) lungs developed RP; 2 lungs had grade 1, whereas 1 had grade 2 RP. RP was seen only in patients with MLD >12.4 Gy (P = .009), V5 >66% (P = .033), V10 >55% (P =.015), V15 >45% (P =.005), and V20 >32% (P =.007). Likewise, RP was only seen in lungs with iMLD >13.8 Gy, iV5 >75% (P =.02), iV10 >64% (P =.02), iV15 >47% (P < .005), and iV20 >34% (P =.003). CONCLUSIONS: RP in pediatric HL patients is an uncommon complication. MLD, iMLD, V5-V20, and iV5-iV20 correlated with RP.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Doença de Hodgkin/terapia , Quimioterapia de Indução/métodos , Pneumonite por Radiação/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Bleomicina/uso terapêutico , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Incidência , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Pulmão/efeitos da radiação , Masculino , Pneumonite por Radiação/diagnóstico , Pneumonite por Radiação/etiologia , Dosagem Radioterapêutica , Radioterapia Adjuvante/efeitos adversos , Radioterapia Adjuvante/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
12.
Biol Blood Marrow Transplant ; 24(8): 1643-1650, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29630926

RESUMO

There is a lack of consensus regarding the role and method of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) on patients with chronic granulomatous disease (CGD). Long-term follow-up after HSCT in these patient population is essential to know its potential complications and decide who will benefit the most from HSCT. We report the outcome of HSCT and long-term follow-up in 24 patients with CGD, transplanted in our center from either related (n = 6) or unrelated (n = 18) donors, over a 12-year period (2003 to 2015), using high-dose alemtuzumab in the preparative regimen. We evaluated the incidence and timing of adverse events and potential risk factors. We described in detailed the novel finding of increased autoimmunity after HSCT in patients with CGD. At a median follow-up of 1460 days, 22 patients were full donor chimeras, and 2 patients had stable mixed chimerism. All assessable patients showed normalization of their neutrophil oxidative burst test. None of the patients developed grades II to IV acute graft-versus-host disease, and no patient had chronic graft-versus-host disease. Twelve of 24 patients developed 17 autoimmune diseases (ADs). Severe ADs (cytopenia and neuropathy) occurred exclusively in the unrelated donor setting and mainly in the first year after HSCT, whereas thyroid AD occurred in the related donor setting as well and more than 3 years after HSCT. Two patients died due to infectious complications after developing autoimmune cytopenias. One additional patient suffered severe brain injury. The remaining 21 patients have long-term Lansky scores ≥ 80. The outcome of HSCT from unrelated donors is comparable with related donors but might carry an increased risk of developing severe AD. A lower dose of alemtuzumab may reduce this risk and should be tested in further studies.

13.
Blood ; 132(1): 89-100, 2018 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29632024

RESUMO

The HLH-2004 criteria are used to diagnose hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH), yet concern exists for their misapplication, resulting in suboptimal treatment of some patients. We sought to define the genomic spectrum and associated outcomes of a diverse cohort of children who met the HLH-2004 criteria. Genetic testing was performed clinically or through research-based whole-exome sequencing. Clinical metrics were analyzed with respect to genomic results. Of 122 subjects enrolled over the course of 17 years, 101 subjects received genetic testing. Biallelic familial HLH (fHLH) gene defects were identified in only 19 (19%) and correlated with presentation at younger than 1 year of age (P < .0001). Digenic fHLH variants were observed but lacked statistical support for disease association. In 28 (58%) of 48 subjects, research whole-exome sequencing analyses successfully identified likely molecular explanations, including underlying primary immunodeficiency diseases, dysregulated immune activation and proliferation disorders, and potentially novel genetic conditions. Two-thirds of patients identified by the HLH-2004 criteria had underlying etiologies for HLH, including genetic defects, autoimmunity, and malignancy. Overall survival was 45%, and increased mortality correlated with HLH triggered by infection or malignancy (P < .05). Differences in survival did not correlate with genetic profile or extent of therapy. HLH should be conceptualized as a phenotype of critical illness characterized by toxic activation of immune cells from different underlying mechanisms. In most patients with HLH, targeted sequencing of fHLH genes remains insufficient for identifying pathogenic mechanisms. Whole-exome sequencing, however, may identify specific therapeutic opportunities and affect hematopoietic stem cell transplantation options for these patients.

14.
Cancer ; 124(12): 2607-2620, 2018 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29624648

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Central nervous system Langerhans cell histiocytosis (CNS-LCH) brain involvement may include mass lesions and/or a neurodegenerative disease (LCH-ND) of unknown etiology. The goal of this study was to define the mechanisms of pathogenesis that drive CNS-LCH. METHODS: Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers including CSF proteins and extracellular BRAFV600E DNA were analyzed in CSF from patients with CNS-LCH lesions compared with patients with brain tumors and other neurodegenerative conditions. Additionally, the presence of BRAFV600E was tested in peripheral mononuclear blood cells (PBMCs) as well as brain biopsies from LCH-ND patients, and the response to BRAF-V600E inhibitor was evaluated in 4 patients with progressive disease. RESULTS: Osteopontin was the only consistently elevated CSF protein in patients with CNS-LCH compared with patients with other brain pathologies. BRAFV600E DNA was detected in CSF of only 2/20 (10%) cases, both with LCH-ND and active lesions outside the CNS. However, BRAFV600E+ PBMCs were detected with significantly higher frequency at all stages of therapy in LCH patients who developed LCH-ND. Brain biopsies of patients with LCH-ND demonstrated diffuse perivascular infiltration by BRAFV600E+ cells with monocyte phenotype (CD14+ CD33+ CD163+ P2RY12- ) and associated osteopontin expression. Three of 4 patients with LCH-ND treated with BRAF-V600E inhibitor experienced significant clinical and radiologic improvement. CONCLUSION: In LCH-ND patients, BRAFV600E+ cells in PBMCs and infiltrating myeloid/monocytic cells in the brain is consistent with LCH-ND as an active demyelinating process arising from a mutated hematopoietic precursor from which LCH lesion CD207+ cells are also derived. Therapy directed against myeloid precursors with activated MAPK signaling may be effective for LCH-ND. Cancer 2018;124:2607-20. © 2018 American Cancer Society.

15.
Blood ; 131(13): 1393-1394, 2018 Mar 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29599143
16.
Pediatr Blood Cancer ; 65(1)2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28944988

RESUMO

Central nervous system (CNS) involvement in Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) can include mass lesions of the hypothalamic pituitary axis, choroid plexus, cerebrum, and cerebellum or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) signal abnormalities of the cerebellum, pons, and basal ganglia. The term neurodegenerative (ND) CNS-LCH has been given to the MRI signal abnormalities and neurologic dysfunction, although initially patients may have no clinical symptoms. Standardized evaluations to better understand the natural history and response to therapy are needed. We propose guidelines for clinical, radiologic, and physiologic tests as a framework for developing the best methods of evaluation, which can then be tested in prospective treatment protocols.


Assuntos
Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Histiocitose de Células de Langerhans , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Doenças Neurodegenerativas , Histiocitose de Células de Langerhans/diagnóstico por imagem , Histiocitose de Células de Langerhans/terapia , Humanos , Doenças Neurodegenerativas/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças Neurodegenerativas/terapia , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto
17.
J Exp Med ; 215(1): 319-336, 2018 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29263218

RESUMO

Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is an inflammatory myeloid neoplasia characterized by granulomatous lesions containing pathological CD207+ dendritic cells (DCs) with constitutively activated mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway signaling. Approximately 60% of LCH patients harbor somatic BRAFV600E mutations localizing to CD207+ DCs within lesions. However, the mechanisms driving BRAFV600E+ LCH cell accumulation in lesions remain unknown. Here we show that sustained extracellular signal-related kinase activity induced by BRAFV600E inhibits C-C motif chemokine receptor 7 (CCR7)-mediated DC migration, trapping DCs in tissue lesions. Additionally, BRAFV600E increases expression of BCL2-like protein 1 (BCL2L1) in DCs, resulting in resistance to apoptosis. Pharmacological MAPK inhibition restores migration and apoptosis potential in a mouse LCH model, as well as in primary human LCH cells. We also demonstrate that MEK inhibitor-loaded nanoparticles have the capacity to concentrate drug delivery to phagocytic cells, significantly reducing off-target toxicity. Collectively, our results indicate that MAPK tightly suppresses DC migration and augments DC survival, rendering DCs in LCH lesions trapped and resistant to cell death.

18.
Hematol Oncol ; 36(1): 307-315, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28219109

RESUMO

BRAF p.V600E mutations are detected in greater than 50% of pediatric Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) lesions. However, the use of mutation-specific BRAF V600E immunohistochemistry (IHC) as a surrogate for molecular testing in pediatric LCH is unknown. We tested the mutation-specific BRAF V600E monoclonal antibody (clone VE1) in formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded LCH samples from 26 pediatric patients (14 males and 12 females, ages 7 mo-17 y) using allele-specific real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) with a limit of detection of 0.5% as the comparative gold standard. BRAF VE1 staining was scored for both intensity (0-3+) and percentage of immunoreactive tumor cells (0%-100%). BRAF VE1 immunoreactivity was determined using both lenient (≥1+, ≥1%) and stringent (≥2+, ≥10%) scoring criteria. Using lenient-scoring criteria, we found that the sensitivity and specificity of IHC compared with allele-specific real-time PCR were 100.0% and 18.2%, respectively. The poor specificity of lenient IHC analysis was attributable to weak, 1+ staining in both BRAF-mutated and wild-type LCH. Using stringent-scoring criteria, we found that specificity improved to 100.0% at the expense of sensitivity that decreased to 80.0%. Stringent scoring generated 3 false-negative results, but in all cases, neoplastic tissue comprised less than 5% of the stained section and/or the specimen was decalcified. In conclusion, highly sensitive molecular assays remain the gold standard for BRAF mutation analysis in LCH paraffin-embedded lesions. To avoid false-positive results, unequivocal VE1 staining of 2+ intensity in greater than or equal to 10% neoplastic histiocytes is required. However, negative VE1 results require additional studies to exclude false-negatives, and stringent-scoring criteria may not be optimal for scant or decalcified specimens.


Assuntos
Histiocitose de Células de Langerhans/enzimologia , Mutação , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas B-raf/genética , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Lactente , Masculino
20.
Mol Cancer ; 16(1): 115, 2017 07 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28679432

RESUMO

Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is an inflammatory myeloid neoplasia with constitutive activation of the MAPKinase RAS-RAF-MEK-ERK cell signaling pathway. We analyzed 9 LCH cases without BRAF V600 and MAP2K1 mutations by whole exome sequencing. We identified a new somatic BRAF splicing mutation in 2 cases. Both cases were childhood single system (SS) LCH cases, with self-healing outcome of the bone lesions. This mutant consisted in a 9 base pair duplication (c.1511_1517 + 2 duplication), encoding for a predicted mutant protein with insertion of 3 amino acids (p.Arg506_Lys507insLeuLeuArg) in the N-terminal lobe of the kinase domain of BRAF. Transient expression of the c.1511_1517 + 2dup BRAF mutant in HEK293 cells enhanced MAPKinase pathway activation, and was not inhibited by vemurafenib but was inhibited by PLX8394, a second-generation BRAF inhibitor able to inhibit signaling of BRAF monomers and dimers. Future LCH molecular screening panel should include this new mutation to better define its prevalence in LCH and its restriction to autoregressive bone SS LCH.


Assuntos
Histiocitose de Células de Langerhans/genética , Mutação/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas B-raf/genética , Processamento de RNA/genética , Adolescente , Sequência de Bases , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Éxons/genética , Feminino , Duplicação Gênica , Histiocitose de Células de Langerhans/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por Mitógeno/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico
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