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1.
Clin Immunol ; 201: 30-34, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30776520

RESUMO

Severe combined immunodeficiencies (SCID) comprise a group of genetic diseases characterized by abrogated development of T lymphocytes. In some case reports of atypical SCID patients elevated proportions of γδ T lymphocytes have been reported. However, it is unknown whether these γδ T cells modulate or reflect the patient's clinical phenotype. We investigated the frequency of elevated γδ T cell proportions and associations with clinical disease manifestations in a cohort of 76 atypical SCID patients. Increased proportions of γδ T lymphocytes were present in approximately 60% of these patients. Furthermore, we identified positive correlations between elevated proportions of γδ T cells and the occurrence of CMV infections and autoimmune cytopenias. We discuss that CMV infections might trigger an expansion of γδ T lymphocytes, which could drive the development of autoimmune cytopenias. We advocate that atypical SCID patients should be screened for elevated proportions of γδ T lymphocytes, CMV infection and autoimmune cytopenias.


Assuntos
Infecções por Citomegalovirus/imunologia , Doenças Hematológicas/imunologia , Linfócitos Intraepiteliais/imunologia , Imunodeficiência Combinada Severa/imunologia , Humanos , Contagem de Linfócitos
2.
Pediatr Infect Dis J ; 38(2): 157-160, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29613974

RESUMO

Newborn screening for severe combined immunodeficiency using T-cell receptor excision circles allows prompt diagnosis and initiation of supportive and curative therapy thereby reducing morbidity and mortality. However, profound combined immunodeficiencies with normal numbers of nonfunctional T cells will go undetected. We present a patient with calcium release-activated calcium channel gene (ORAI1) deficiency and normal T-cell receptor excision circle numbers observed after diagnosis at the age of 14 months who suffered from disseminated fatal cytomegalovirus and Pneumocystis jirovecii infection, demonstrating a potential pitfall of the current newborn screening program.

3.
J Allergy Clin Immunol ; 143(1): 359-368, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30273710

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Postzygotic de novo mutations lead to the phenomenon of gene mosaicism. The 3 main types are called somatic, gonadal, and gonosomal mosaicism, which differ in terms of the body distribution of postzygotic mutations. Mosaicism has been reported occasionally in patients with primary immunodeficiency diseases (PIDs) since the early 1990s, but its real involvement has not been systematically addressed. OBJECTIVE: We sought to investigate the incidence of gene mosaicism in patients with PIDs. METHODS: The amplicon-based deep sequencing method was used in the 3 parts of the study that establish (1) the allele frequency of germline variants (n = 100), (2) the incidence of parental gonosomal mosaicism in families with PIDs with de novo mutations (n = 92), and (3) the incidence of mosaicism in families with PIDs with moderate-to-high suspicion of gene mosaicism (n = 36). Additional investigations evaluated body distribution of postzygotic mutations, their stability over time, and their characteristics. RESULTS: The range of allele frequency (44.1% to 55.6%) was established for germline variants. Those with minor allele frequencies of less than 44.1% were assumed to be postzygotic. Mosaicism was detected in 30 (23.4%) of 128 families with PIDs, with a variable minor allele frequency (0.8% to 40.5%). Parental gonosomal mosaicism was detected in 6 (6.5%) of 92 families with de novo mutations, and a high incidence of mosaicism (63.9%) was detected among families with moderate-to-high suspicion of gene mosaicism. In most analyzed cases mosaicism was found to be both uniformly distributed and stable over time. CONCLUSION: This study represents the largest performed to date to investigate mosaicism in patients with PIDs, revealing that it affects approximately 25% of enrolled families. Our results might have serious consequences regarding treatment and genetic counseling and reinforce the use of next-generation sequencing-based methods in the routine analyses of PIDs.


Assuntos
Alelos , Frequência do Gene , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/genética , Mosaicismo , Família , Feminino , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/imunologia , Masculino
5.
An. pediatr. (2003. Ed. impr.) ; 89(2): 124.e1-124.e8, ago. 2018. graf, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-177023

RESUMO

El síndrome hemofagocítico (SHF) o linfohistiocitosis hemofagocítica es una entidad con elevada mortalidad, típicamente reconocida en la edad pediátrica. Sin un correcto tratamiento, el SHF puede ser fatal: el riesgo de una rápida progresión a fallo multiorgánico y de afectación del sistema nervioso central con secuelas a largo plazo, son las consecuencias más graves de un retraso diagnóstico. Por lo tanto, el SHF es una urgencia médica que los pediatras deben saber identificar en un paciente con fiebre y afectación progresiva del estado general. La aplicación de los criterios diagnósticos de SHF, que consideran datos clínicos y analíticos (incluyendo un aspirado de médula ósea), y la búsqueda del factor desencadenante (infeccioso, oncológico, reumatológico, metabólico), son claves para poder instaurar un tratamiento dirigido, que neutralice el desencadenante y frene la hiperinflamación. En la presente revisión se exponen los datos más relevantes sobre la fisiopatología, diagnóstico y tratamiento de esta grave enfermedad para pediatras generales


Haemophagocytic syndrome, or haemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH), is a disorder with high mortality, typically recognised at paediatric age. Without proper treatment, HLH can be fatal. The risk of a rapid progression to multi-organ failure and central nervous system involvement leading to long-term sequelae, are the most feared consequences of a diagnostic delay. Therefore, HLH is a medical emergency that paediatricians should be able to identify in a patient with fever and progressive worsening of general condition. The application of the HLH diagnostic criteria, which include clinical and analytical data (as well as a bone marrow aspirate), and the search for a trigger (infectious, oncological, rheumatological, or metabolic). These are decisive for the establishment of a targeted treatment, which aims at neutralising the trigger and reducing the hyper-inflammation. The most relevant data for general paediatricians are presented in this review, including the physiopathology, diagnosis, and treatment of this serious disease


Assuntos
Humanos , Criança , Linfo-Histiocitose Hemofagocítica/diagnóstico , Linfo-Histiocitose Hemofagocítica/terapia , Síndrome de Ativação Macrofágica/diagnóstico , Diagnóstico Precoce , Sepse , Síndrome de Ativação Macrofágica/fisiopatologia
6.
Front Immunol ; 9: 1221, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29963040

RESUMO

Background and objectives: Mortality of patients on hemodialysis (HD) remains very high despite recent improvements in HD techniques. Cardiovascular (CV) complications and infections are the main causes of death. Some studies suggest that disturbances in the immune system could play a role in this disproportionate mortality, through the links of immunity with inflammation and propensity to infections. However, few studies have addressed the role of lymphocyte populations and the global and CV mortality of HD patients. Aim: To analyze the relationship of peripheral blood lymphocyte populations (PBLP) and all-cause and CV mortality of HD patients. Design setting participants and measurements: We design a prospective observational single center study in a cohort of HD prevalent patients. PBLP were analyzed at baseline and after 1 year and patients were followed for a 5-year period. Main outcomes were all-cause and CV mortality. Results: One hundred and four patients (51% male, mean age 64.8 ± 15 years) were included. Follow-up was 18 (7-47) months. Fifty-five patients (52.8%) died, main causes of death being CVD (40%) and infections (29.1%). Low total lymphocyte counts were found in 47 patients (45.2%), and the most frequency lymphopenias were CD19+ B-cell (57.7%), CD3+ (40.4%), and CD4+ (36.5%). After 1 year, all determinations were lower except CD56+CD16+CD3- natural killer. Patient survival was significantly lower in patients with a CD19+ B-cell count < 100 cells/µL at baseline as compared to patients with CD19+ B-cell ≥ 100 cells/µL counts at the end of follow-up (16.5 vs 54%, p = 0.003). By multivariable analysis, age, history of CV disease, Charlson index, a KT/V < 1.2, and a CD19+ B-cell count < 100 cells/µL at baseline and after 1-year were factors associated with of all-cause mortality. A CD19+ B-cell count < 100 cells/µL at baseline was associated with CV mortality. Conclusion: CD19+ B-cell lymphopenia is very common among HD patients, and it could be an independent predictor of all-cause and CV mortality. More studies are needed to confirm these findings.


Assuntos
Antígenos CD19/metabolismo , Linfócitos B/metabolismo , Biomarcadores , Contagem de Linfócitos , Diálise Renal/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Linfócitos B/imunologia , Causas de Morte , Proteínas do Sistema Complemento/imunologia , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoglobulinas/sangue , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Falência Renal Crônica/sangue , Falência Renal Crônica/imunologia , Falência Renal Crônica/mortalidade , Falência Renal Crônica/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mortalidade , Avaliação de Resultados da Assistência ao Paciente , Prognóstico
7.
Front Immunol ; 9: 1506, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30013564

RESUMO

Immunoglobulin class-switch recombination (CSR) and somatic hypermutations (SHMs) are prerequisites for antibody and immunoglobulin receptor maturation and adaptive immune diversity. The mismatch repair (MMR) machinery, consisting of homologs of MutSα, MutLα, and MutSß (MSH2/MSH6, MLH1/PMS2, and MSH2/MSH3, respectively) and other proteins, is involved in CSR, primarily acting as a backup for nonhomologous end-joining repair of activation-induced cytidine deaminase-induced DNA mismatches and, furthermore, in addition to error-prone polymerases, in the repair of SHM-induced DNA breaks. A varying degree of antibody formation defect, from IgA or selective IgG subclass deficiency to common variable immunodeficiency and hyper-IgM syndrome, has been detected in a small number of patients with constitutional mismatch repair deficiency (CMMRD) due to biallelic loss-of-function mutations in one of the MMR genes (PMS2, MSH6, MLH1, or MSH2). To elucidate the clinical relevance of a presumed primary immunodeficiency (PID) in CMMRD, we systematically collected clinical history and laboratory data of a cohort of 15 consecutive, unrelated patients (10 not previously reported) with homozygous/compound heterozygous mutations in PMS2 (n = 8), MSH6 (n = 5), and MLH1 (n = 2), most of whom manifested with typical malignancies during childhood. Detailed descriptions of their genotypes, phenotypes, and family histories are provided. Importantly, none of the patients showed any clinical warning signs of PID (infections, immune dysregulation, inflammation, failure to thrive, etc.). Furthermore, we could not detect uniform or specific patterns of laboratory abnormalities. The concentration of IgM was increased in 3 out of 12, reduced in 3 out of 12, and normal in 6 out of 12 patients, while concentrations of IgG and IgG subclasses, except IgG4, and of IgA, and specific antibody formation were normal in most. Class-switched B memory cells were reduced in 5 out of 12 patients, and in 9 out of 12 also the CD38hiIgM- plasmablasts were reduced. Furthermore, results of next generation sequencing-based analyses of antigen-selected B-cell receptor rearrangements showed a significantly reduced frequency of SHM and an increased number of rearranged immunoglobulin heavy chain (IGH) transcripts that use IGHG3, IGHG1, and IGHA1 subclasses. T cell subsets and receptor repertoires were unaffected. Together, neither clinical nor routine immunological laboratory parameters were consistently suggestive of PID in these CMMRD patients, but previously shown abnormalities in SHM and rearranged heavy chain transcripts were confirmed.

8.
An Pediatr (Barc) ; 89(2): 124.e1-124.e8, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29871839

RESUMO

Haemophagocytic syndrome, or haemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH), is a disorder with high mortality, typically recognised at paediatric age. Without proper treatment, HLH can be fatal. The risk of a rapid progression to multi-organ failure and central nervous system involvement leading to long-term sequelae, are the most feared consequences of a diagnostic delay. Therefore, HLH is a medical emergency that paediatricians should be able to identify in a patient with fever and progressive worsening of general condition. The application of the HLH diagnostic criteria, which include clinical and analytical data (as well as a bone marrow aspirate), and the search for a trigger (infectious, oncological, rheumatological, or metabolic). These are decisive for the establishment of a targeted treatment, which aims at neutralising the trigger and reducing the hyper-inflammation. The most relevant data for general paediatricians are presented in this review, including the physiopathology, diagnosis, and treatment of this serious disease.


Assuntos
Linfo-Histiocitose Hemofagocítica/diagnóstico , Linfo-Histiocitose Hemofagocítica/terapia , Criança , Diagnóstico Precoce , Humanos
10.
Blood ; 131(21): 2335-2344, 2018 05 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29653965

RESUMO

Integrity of the T-cell receptor/CD3 complex is crucial for positive and negative selection of T cells in the thymus and for effector and regulatory functions of peripheral T lymphocytes. In humans, CD3D, CD3E, and CD3Z gene defects are a cause of severe immune deficiency and present early in life with increased susceptibility to infections. By contrast, CD3G mutations lead to milder phenotypes, mainly characterized by autoimmunity. However, the role of CD3γ in establishing and maintaining immune tolerance has not been elucidated. In this manuscript, we aimed to investigate abnormalities of T-cell repertoire and function in patients with genetic defects in CD3G associated with autoimmunity. High throughput sequencing was used to study composition and diversity of the T-cell receptor ß (TRB) repertoire in regulatory T cells (Tregs), conventional CD4+ (Tconv), and CD8+ T cells from 6 patients with CD3G mutations and healthy controls. Treg function was assessed by studying its ability to suppress proliferation of Tconv cells. Treg cells of patients with CD3G defects had reduced diversity, increased clonality, and reduced suppressive function. The TRB repertoire of Tconv cells from patients with CD3G deficiency was enriched for hydrophobic amino acids at positions 6 and 7 of the CDR3, a biomarker of self-reactivity. These data demonstrate that the T-cell repertoire of patients with CD3G mutations is characterized by a molecular signature that may contribute to the increased rate of autoimmunity associated with this condition.


Assuntos
Complexo CD3/genética , Imunomodulação , Mutação , Subpopulações de Linfócitos T/imunologia , Subpopulações de Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Linfócitos T Reguladores/imunologia , Linfócitos T Reguladores/metabolismo , Biomarcadores , Complexo CD3/metabolismo , Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Imunofenotipagem , Ativação Linfocitária/imunologia , Complexos Multiproteicos/metabolismo , Ligação Proteica , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos T/metabolismo
12.
Eur J Med Genet ; 61(7): 393-398, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29477862

RESUMO

Genetic defects of NKX2-1 are classically associated with hypothyroidism, benign chorea and neonatal respiratory distress. The purpose of this study was to identify the genetic pathogenesis of the "NKX2-1 triad" in a 10 year-old female presenting additional features barely described in the disorder. In the neonatal period, she presented with generalized hypotonia and respiratory distress, with later episodes of frequent wheezing. At 3 month-age developmental dysplasia of the hip was diagnosed and at 10 months, primary hypothyroidism was detected and treated. Subsequently, delayed achievement of developmental milestones and then subtle choreic movements of extremities were identified at 2 years of age. Furthermore, delayed teeth eruption and agenesis of some dental pieces, short stature and joint hyperlaxity were also noticed. At 10 years, a poor immune response to polysaccharide antigens and hypogammaglobulinemia, including all IgG subclasses were detected. Surprisingly, no mutations were identified in the complete coding region of NKX2-1 by PCR and Sanger sequencing. MLPA showed a de novo loss of gene dosage in all 3 probes located in NKX2-1 exons. A CGH-array identified a deletion of 3.32 Mb in chromosome 14q13.2-q21.1 containing 20 genes, including NKX2-1, PAX9 and two candidate genes (NFKB1A and PPP2R3C) involved in immune response. The Brain-Lung-Thyroid syndrome (OMIM#610978; ORPHA:209905) associated with other clinical phenotypes should suggest monoallelic deletions of chromosome 14 causing haploinsufficiency of NKX2-1, and other contiguous genes like PAX9 (hypodontia) or other dosage-sensitive genes in the chromosomal vicinity that emerge as candidates for hypogammaglobulinemia, mainly NFKBIA.


Assuntos
Atetose/genética , Coreia/genética , Cromossomos Humanos Par 14/genética , Hipotireoidismo Congênito/genética , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/genética , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório do Recém-Nascido/genética , Criança , Deleção Cromossômica , Feminino , Humanos , Fenótipo
14.
J Allergy Clin Immunol ; 142(2): 605-617.e7, 2018 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29330011

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Heterozygous gain-of-function mutations in PI3K110δ lead to lymphadenopathy, lymphoid hyperplasia, EBV and cytomegalovirus viremia, and sinopulmonary infections. OBJECTIVE: The known role of natural killer (NK) cell function in the control of EBV and cytomegalovirus prompted us to investigate the functional and phenotypic effects of PI3K110δ mutations on NK cell subsets and cytotoxic function. METHODS: Mutations in patients were identified by using whole-exome or targeted sequencing. We performed NK cell phenotyping and functional analysis of patients' cells using flow cytometry, standard Cr51 cytotoxicity assays, and quantitative confocal microscopy. RESULTS: PI3K110δ mutations led to an altered NK cell developmental phenotype and cytotoxic dysfunction. Impaired NK cell cytotoxicity was due to decreased conjugate formation with susceptible target cells and abrogated activation of cell machinery required for target cell killing. These defects were restored partially after initiation of treatment with rapamycin in 3 patients. CONCLUSION: We describe novel NK cell functional deficiency caused by PI3K110δ mutation, which is a likely contributor to the severe viremia observed in these patients. Rapamycin treatment partially restores NK cell function, providing a further rationale for its use in patients with this disease.


Assuntos
Infecções por Citomegalovirus/genética , Citomegalovirus/fisiologia , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/genética , Herpesvirus Humano 4/fisiologia , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/genética , Células Matadoras Naturais/fisiologia , Mutação/genética , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/genética , Sirolimo/uso terapêutico , Diferenciação Celular , Células Cultivadas , Citotoxicidade Imunológica/efeitos dos fármacos , Heterozigoto , Humanos , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/tratamento farmacológico , Sinapses Imunológicas/metabolismo , Imunofenotipagem , Ativação Linfocitária , Microscopia Confocal , Viremia , Sequenciamento Completo do Exoma
15.
Front Immunol ; 9: 3148, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30761159

RESUMO

Background: NF-κB1 is a master regulator of both acquired and innate responses. NFKB1 loss-of-function mutations elicit a wide clinical phenotype with asymptomatic individuals at one end of the spectrum and patients with common variable immunodeficiency, combined immunodeficiency or autoinflammation at the other. Impairment of acquired and innate immunity and disseminated Mycobacterium genavense infection expands the clinical and immunological phenotype of NF-κB1 deficiency. Objective: Functional and molecular characterization of a patient with a novel phenotype of NF-κB1 deficiency. Methods: Circulating T, B, dendritic cell subsets and innate or unconventional T-cells were quantified. The cytokine production in stimulated whole blood samples was assessed and molecular characterization by next generation sequencing and gene expression assays were also performed. Results: We report a patient presenting with features of combined immunodeficiency (CID) and disseminated Mycobacterium genavense infection. Sequencing of genomic DNA identified a novel synonymous mutation (c.705G > A) in NFKB1 gene which resulted in exon 8 skipping and haploinsufficiency of the NF-κB1 subunit p50. The susceptibility to atypical mycobacterial infection has not been previously reported and may be the result of a dendritic cell deficiency. A selective deficiency of circulating follicular helper T (cTFH) cells responsible for mediating the differentiation of naive B cells into memory and plasma cells was also present in the patient. It could affect the maturation of innate or unconventional T cells where NF-κB1 could also be involved. Conclusion: These findings showed that the role of NF-κB1 in humans could be critical for the development of acquired and innate immunity and further highlights the role of human T cells in anti-mycobacterial immunity.


Assuntos
Imunidade Adaptativa , Imunidade Inata , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/complicações , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/genética , Infecções por Mycobacterium/diagnóstico , Infecções por Mycobacterium/etiologia , Mycobacterium/imunologia , Subunidade p50 de NF-kappa B/deficiência , Biópsia , Medula Óssea/metabolismo , Criança , Citocinas/metabolismo , Humanos , Imunofenotipagem , Masculino , Mutação , Linhagem , Fenótipo , Pele/patologia
16.
Front Immunol ; 9: 2959, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30666249
17.
J Allergy Clin Immunol ; 139(4): 1302-1310.e4, 2017 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27658761

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Absent T-cell immunity resulting in life-threatening infections provides a clear rationale for hematopoetic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) in patients with severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID). Combined immunodeficiencies (CIDs) and "atypical" SCID show reduced, not absent T-cell immunity. If associated with infections or autoimmunity, they represent profound combined immunodeficiency (P-CID), for which outcome data are insufficient for unambiguous early transplant decisions. OBJECTIVES: We sought to compare natural histories of severity-matched patients with/without subsequent transplantation and to determine whether immunologic and/or clinical parameters may be predictive for outcome. METHODS: In this prospective and retrospective observational study, we recruited nontransplanted patients with P-CID aged 1 to 16 years to compare natural histories of severity-matched patients with/without subsequent transplantation and to determine whether immunologic and/or clinical parameters may be predictive for outcome. RESULTS: A total of 51 patients were recruited (median age, 9.6 years). Thirteen of 51 had a genetic diagnosis of "atypical" SCID and 14 of 51 of CID. About half of the patients had less than 10% naive T cells, reduced/absent T-cell proliferation, and at least 1 significant clinical event/year, demonstrating their profound immunodeficiency. Nineteen patients (37%) underwent transplantation within 1 year of enrolment, and 5 of 51 patients died. Analysis of the HSCT decisions revealed the anticipated heterogeneity, favoring an ongoing prospective matched-pair analysis of patients with similar disease severity with or without transplantation. Importantly, so far neither the genetic diagnosis nor basic measurements of T-cell immunity were good predictors of disease evolution. CONCLUSIONS: The P-CID study for the first time characterizes a group of patients with nontypical SCID T-cell deficiencies from a therapeutic perspective. Because genetic and basic T-cell parameters provide limited guidance, prospective data from this study will be a helpful resource for guiding the difficult HSCT decisions in patients with P-CID.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Imunodeficiência Combinada Severa/imunologia , Imunodeficiência Combinada Severa/patologia , Imunodeficiência Combinada Severa/terapia , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Projetos de Pesquisa
18.
Front Immunol ; 7: 443, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27833609

RESUMO

Reported synonymous substitutions are generally non-pathogenic, and rare pathogenic synonymous variants may be disregarded unless there is a high index of suspicion. In a case of IL7 receptor deficiency severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID), the relevance of a non-reported synonymous variant was only suspected through the use of additional in silico computational tools, which focused on the impact of mutations on gene splicing. The pathogenic nature of the variant was confirmed using experimental validation of the effect on mRNA splicing and IL7 pathway function. This case reinforces the need to use additional experimental methods to establish the functional impact of specific mutations, in particular for cases such as SCID where prompt diagnosis can greatly impact on diagnosis, treatment, and survival.

20.
Transpl Immunol ; 34: 33-41, 2016 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26773856

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to find noninvasive T-cell markers able to predict rejection or infection risk after kidney transplantation. We prospectively examined T-lymphocyte subsets after cell culture stimulation (according to CD38, CD69, CD95, CD40L, and CD25 expression) in 79 first graft recipients from four centers, before and after transplantation. Patients were followed up for one year. Patients who rejected within month-1 (n=10) showed high pre-transplantation and week-1 post-transplantation percentages of CD95(+), in CD4(+) and CD8(+) T-cells (P<0.001 for all comparisons). These biomarkers conferred independent risk for early rejection (HR:5.05, P=0.061 and HR:75.31, P=0.004; respectively). The cut-off values were able to accurately discriminate between rejectors and non-rejectors and Kaplan-Meier curves showed significantly different free-of-rejection time rates (P<0.005). Patients who rejected after the month-1 (n=4) had a higher percentage of post-transplantation CD69(+) in CD8(+) T-cells than non-rejectors (P=0.002). Finally, patients with infection (n=41) previously showed higher percentage of CD38(+) in CD8(+) T-cells at all post-transplantation times evaluated, being this increase more marked in viral infections. A cut-off of 59% CD38(+) in CD8(+) T-cells at week-1, week-2 and month-2 reached 100% sensitivity for the detection of subsequent viral infections. In conclusion, predictive biomarkers of rejection and infection risk after transplantation were detected that could be useful for the personalized care of kidney recipients.


Assuntos
Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/imunologia , Rejeição de Enxerto/diagnóstico , Transplante de Rim , ADP-Ribosil Ciclase 1/metabolismo , Doença Aguda , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Células Cultivadas , Feminino , Rejeição de Enxerto/mortalidade , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida , Receptor fas/metabolismo
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