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1.
Ann Nutr Metab ; : 1-8, 2021 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34350864

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: This ApoA5-1131C allele of rs662799 variant is related with a higher serum triglyceride levels, and it contributes to increase risk of cardiovascular disease. The aim of the present investigation was to evaluate single nucleotide polymorphism rs662799 in APOA5 gene and its associations with cardiovascular risk factors, MS, and serum adipokine levels. METHODS: The study involved a population of 1,002 Caucasian obese subjects. Measurements of body weight, waist circumference, fat mass, arterial blood pressure, blood glucose, C-reactive protein, insulin levels, insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), lipid profile, and adipokines levels were recorded. Genotype of ApoA5 gene polymorphism (rs662799) and prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MS) were evaluated. RESULTS: The distribution of the rs662799 polymorphism in this adult population (n = 1,002) was 88.3% (n = 885) (TT), 11.4% (n = 114) (TC), and 0.3% (n = 3) (CC). No significant differences were found between the 2 genotypes in the anthropometric data, MS, or blood pressure. Triglyceride levels were higher in C-allele carriers (delta total group: 19.7 ± 2.1 mg/dL: p = 0.02) than non C-allele carriers. HDL-cholesterol levels were lower in C-allele carriers (delta total group: -6.7 ± 1.1 mg/dL: p = 0.02) than non C-allele carriers. Adiponectin levels were lower in C-allele carriers (delta total group: -11.6 ± 1.0 mg/dL: p = 0.02) too. In C-allele carriers, logistic regression analysis showed an increased risk of hypertriglyceridemia (odds ratio [OR] = 2.1, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.2-3.4, p = 0.001) and percentage of low-HDL-C (OR = 2.2, 95% CI = 1.3-3.7, p = 0.002) after adjusting by body mass index and age. CONCLUSIONS: C-allele carriers of rs662799 of APOA5 gene showed high rates of low levels of HDL and hypertriglyceridemia, with differences in triglyceride, HDL cholesterol, and adiponectin levels in Caucasian obese subjects.

2.
EBioMedicine ; 70: 103521, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34388518

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Liver fibrosis risk is a heritable trait, the outcome of which is the net deposition of extracellular matrix by hepatic stellate cell-derived myofibroblasts. Whereas nucleotide sequence variations have been extensively studied in liver fibrosis, the role of copy number variations (CNV) in which genes exist in abnormal numbers of copies (mostly due to duplication or deletion) has had limited exploration. METHODS: The impact of the XPO4 CNV on histological liver damage was examined in a cohort comprised 646 Caucasian patients with biopsy-proven MAFLD and 170 healthy controls. XPO4 expression was modulated and function was examined in human and animal models. FINDINGS: Here we demonstrate in a cohort of 816 subjects, 646 with biopsy-proven metabolic associated liver disease (MAFLD) and 170 controls, that duplication in the exportin 4 (XPO4) CNV is associated with the severity of liver fibrosis. Functionally, this occurs via reduced expression of hepatic XPO4 that maintains sustained activation of SMAD3/SMAD4 and promotes TGF-ß1-mediated HSC activation and fibrosis. This effect was mediated through termination of nuclear SMAD3 signalling. XPO4 demonstrated preferential binding to SMAD3 compared to other SMADs and led to reduced SMAD3-mediated responses as shown by attenuation of TGFß1 induced SMAD transcriptional activity, reductions in the recruitment of SMAD3 to target gene promoters following TGF-ß1, as well as attenuation of SMAD3 phosphorylation and disturbed SMAD3/SMAD4 complex formation. INTERPRETATION: We conclude that a CNV in XPO4 is a critical mediator of fibrosis severity and can be exploited as a therapeutic target for liver fibrosis. FUNDING: ME and JG are supported by the Robert W. Storr Bequest to the Sydney Medical Foundation, University of Sydney; a National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia (NHMRC) Program Grant (APP1053206) and Project and ideas grants (APP2001692, APP1107178 and APP1108422). AB is supported by an Australian Government Research Training Program (RTP) scholarship. EB is supported by Horizon 2020 under grant 634413 for the project EPoS.

3.
J Pers Med ; 11(7)2021 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34357148

RESUMO

Antigen tests or polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification are currently COVID-19 diagnostic tools. However, developing complementary diagnosis tools is mandatory. Thus, we performed a plasma cytokine array in COVID-19 patients to identify novel diagnostic biomarkers. A discovery-validation study in two independent prospective cohorts was performed. The discovery cohort included 136 COVID-19 and non-COVID-19 patients recruited consecutively from 24 March to 11 April 2020. Forty-five cytokines' quantification by the MAGPIX system (Luminex Corp., Austin, TX, USA) was performed in plasma samples. The validation cohort included 117 patients recruited consecutively from 15 to 25 April 2020 for validating results by ELISA. COVID-19 patients showed different levels of multiple cytokines compared to non-COVID-19 patients. A single chemokine, IP-10, accurately identified COVID-19 patients who required hospital admission (AUC: 0.962; 95%CI (0.933-0.992); p < 0.001)). The results were validated in an independent cohort by multivariable analysis (OR: 25.573; 95%CI (8.127-80.469); p < 0.001) and AUROC (AUC: 0.900; 95%CI (0.846-0.954); p < 0.001). Moreover, showing IP-10 plasma levels over 173.35 pg/mL identified COVID-19 with higher sensitivity (86.20%) than the first SARS-CoV-2 PCR. Our discover-validation study identified IP-10 as a robust biomarker in clinical practice for COVID-19 diagnosis at hospital. Therefore, IP-10 could be used as a complementary tool in clinical practice, especially in emergency departments.

4.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(12)2021 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34200950

RESUMO

Sepsis is a major health problem worldwide. It is a time-dependent disease, with a high rate of morbidity and mortality. In this sense, an early diagnosis is essential to reduce these rates. The progressive increase of both the incidence and prevalence of sepsis has translated into a significant socioeconomic burden for health systems. Currently, it is the leading cause of noncoronary mortality worldwide and represents one of the most prevalent pathologies both in hospital emergency services and in intensive care units. In this article, we review the role of both endothelial dysfunction and neutrophil dysregulation in the physiopathology of this disease. The lack of a key symptom in sepsis makes it difficult to obtain a quick and accurate diagnosis of this condition. Thus, it is essential to have fast and reliable diagnostic tools. In this sense, the use of biomarkers can be a very important alternative when it comes to achieving these goals. Both new biomarkers and treatments related to endothelial dysfunction and neutrophil dysregulation deserve to be further investigated in order to open new venues for the diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of sepsis.


Assuntos
Endotélio Vascular/patologia , Neutrófilos/patologia , Sepse/fisiopatologia , Animais , Humanos , Sepse/etiologia
5.
J Hepatol ; 2021 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34090928

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Non-invasive scoring systems (NSS) are used to identify patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) who are at risk of advanced fibrosis, but their reliability in predicting long-term outcomes for hepatic/extrahepatic complications or death and their concordance in cross-sectional and longitudinal risk stratification remain uncertain. METHODS: The most common NSS (NFS, FIB-4, BARD, APRI) and the Hepamet fibrosis score (HFS) were assessed in 1,173 European patients with NAFLD from tertiary centres. Performance for fibrosis risk stratification and for the prediction of long-term hepatic/extrahepatic events, hepatocarcinoma (HCC) and overall mortality were evaluated in terms of AUC and Harrell's c-index. For longitudinal data, NSS-based Cox proportional hazard models were trained on the whole cohort with repeated 5-fold cross-validation, sampling for testing from the 607 patients with all NSS available. RESULTS: Cross-sectional analysis revealed HFS as the best performer for the identification of significant (F0-1 vs. F2-4, AUC = 0.758) and advanced (F0-2 vs. F3-4, AUC = 0.805) fibrosis, while NFS and FIB-4 showed the best performance for detecting histological cirrhosis (range AUCs 0.85-0.88). Considering longitudinal data (follow-up between 62 and 110 months), NFS and FIB-4 were the best at predicting liver-related events (c-indices>0.7), NFS for HCC (c-index = 0.9 on average), and FIB-4 and HFS for overall mortality (c-indices >0.8). All NSS showed limited performance (c-indices <0.7) for extrahepatic events. CONCLUSIONS: Overall, NFS, HFS and FIB-4 outperformed APRI and BARD for both cross-sectional identification of fibrosis and prediction of long-term outcomes, confirming that they are useful tools for the clinical management of patients with NAFLD at increased risk of fibrosis and liver-related complications or death. LAY SUMMARY: Non-invasive scoring systems are increasingly being used in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease to identify those at risk of advanced fibrosis and hence clinical complications. Herein, we compared various non-invasive scoring systems and identified those that were best at identifying risk, as well as those that were best for the prediction of long-term outcomes, such as liver-related events, liver cancer and death.

6.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; 8(11): 2004168, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34141520

RESUMO

Fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) is a liver-derived hormone with pleiotropic beneficial effects on metabolism. Paradoxically, FGF21 levels are elevated in metabolic diseases. Interventions that restore metabolic homeostasis reduce FGF21. Whether abnormalities in FGF21 secretion or resistance in peripheral tissues is the initiating factor in altering FGF21 levels and function in humans is unknown. A genetic approach is used to help resolve this paradox. The authors demonstrate that the primary event in dysmetabolic phenotypes is the elevation of FGF21 secretion. The latter is regulated by translational reprogramming in a genotype- and context-dependent manner. To relate the findings to tissues outcomes, the minor (A) allele of rs838133 is shown to be associated with increased hepatic inflammation in patients with metabolic associated fatty liver disease. The results here highlight a dominant role for translation of the FGF21 protein to explain variations in blood levels that is at least partially inherited. These results provide a framework for translational reprogramming of FGF21 to treat metabolic diseases.

7.
Liver Int ; 41(9): 2076-2086, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33896100

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Histological score systems may not fully capture the essential nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) features, which is one of the leading causes of screening failure in clinical trials. We assessed the NASH distribution and its components across the fibrosis stages and their impact on the prognosis and their relationship with the concept of metabolic-associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD). METHODS: Spanish multicenter study including 1893 biopsy-proven nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) patients from HEPAmet registry. NASH was diagnosed by NAS score ≥4 (including steatosis, ballooning and lobular inflammation) and fibrosis by Kleiner score. The presence of MAFLD was determined. Progression to cirrhosis, first episode of decompensated cirrhosis and death were collected during the follow-up (4.7 ± 3.8 years). RESULTS: Fibrosis was F0 34.3% (649/1893), F1 27% (511/1893), F2 16.5% (312/1893), F3 15% (284/1893) and F4 7.2% (137/1893). NASH diagnosis 51.9% (982/1893), and its individual components (severe steatosis, ballooning and lobular inflammation), increased from F0 (33.6%) to F2 (68.6%), and decreased significantly in F4 patients (51.8%) (P = .0001). More than 70% of non-NASH patients showed some inflammatory activity (ballooning or lobular inflammation), showing a similar MAFLD rate than NASH (96.2% [945/982] vs. 95.2% [535/562]) and significantly higher than nonalcoholic fatty liver (NAFL) subjects (89.1% [311/349]) (P < .0001). Progression to cirrhosis was similar between NASH (9.5% [51/539]) and indeterminate NASH (7.9% [25/316]), and higher than steatosis (5% [14/263]) (logRank 8.417; P = .015). Death and decompensated cirrhosis were similar between these. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of steatohepatitis decreased in advanced liver disease. However, most of these patients showed some inflammatory activity histologically and had metabolic disturbances. These findings should be considered in clinical trials whose main aim is to prevent cirrhosis progression and complications, liver transplant and death.


Assuntos
Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Biópsia , Humanos , Fígado/patologia , Cirrose Hepática/patologia , Estudos Longitudinais , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/epidemiologia , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/patologia
8.
Gut ; 2021 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33541866

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The full phenotypic expression of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in lean subjects is incompletely characterised. We aimed to investigate prevalence, characteristics and long-term prognosis of Caucasian lean subjects with NAFLD. DESIGN: The study cohort comprises 1339 biopsy-proven NAFLD subjects from four countries (Italy, UK, Spain and Australia), stratified into lean and non-lean (body mass index (BMI) 10 483 person-years), 4.7% of lean vs 7.7% of non-lean patients reported liver-related events (p=0.37). No difference in survival was observed compared with non-lean NAFLD (p=0.069). CONCLUSIONS: Caucasian lean subjects with NAFLD may progress to advanced liver disease, develop metabolic comorbidities and experience cardiovascular disease (CVD) as well as liver-related mortality, independent of longitudinal progression to obesity and PNPLA3 genotype. These patients represent one end of a wide spectrum of phenotypic expression of NAFLD where the disease manifests at lower overall BMI thresholds. LAY SUMMARY: NAFLD may affect and progress in both obese and lean individuals. Lean subjects are predominantly males, have a younger age at diagnosis and are more prevalent in some geographic areas. During the follow-up, lean subjects can develop hepatic and extrahepatic disease, including metabolic comorbidities, in the absence of weight gain. These patients represent one end of a wide spectrum of phenotypic expression of NAFLD.

9.
Rev Esp Enferm Dig ; 113(6): 396-403, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33222473

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: to establish the clinical and economic consequences (resource utilization and healthcare costs) of non-alcoholic fatty liver in the setting of the usual clinical practice in Spain. PATIENTS AND METHODS: an observational, retrospective study was performed based on a review of the medical records of adult patients ≥ 18 years of age who sought medical care from 2017 to 2018. Patients were categorized into two groups according to fibrosis stage (estimation method: FIB-4): a) F0-F2; and b) F3-F4 (advanced fibrosis). Follow-up lasted one year. Primary endpoints included comorbidity, concomitant medication, resource utilization and costs. Results were analyzed using a multivariate approach with p < 0.05. RESULTS: a total of 8,151 patients were recruited with a mean age of 61.1 years and 51.5 % were male. By group: a) mild fibrosis n = 7,127, 87.4 %; and b) advanced fibrosis n = 1,024, 12.6 % (6.8 % with liver cirrhosis). The most common comorbidities included 63 % dyslipidemia, 52 % obesity, 52 % hypertension and 35 % diabetes. The average number of drugs used was 2.1 per patient. Patients with advanced fibrosis (F3-F4) had a higher average number of concomitant medications (2.5 vs 2.1; p < 0.001) and a higher AST/ALT ratio (1.1 vs 0.8; p < 0.001). The average cost (patient-year) for subjects with advanced fibrosis, corrected for covariates, was higher (€1,812 vs €1,128, p < 0.001). Age, morbidity, concomitant medication, fibrosis stage and total costs were higher in patients with diabetes. CONCLUSIONS: patients with advanced fibrosis were associated with more comorbidity and concomitant medications, which resulted in higher healthcare costs for the National Health System.

10.
PLoS One ; 15(12): e0243590, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33306709

RESUMO

Metabolic associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD) is the most prevalent liver disease in Western nations, with high heritability. A recent study of Japanese patients with the disease suggested that TLL1 rs17047200 is associated with fibrosis; whether a similar association is observed in Caucasian patients with MAFLD is unknown. We investigated the association of the TLL1 rs17047200 polymorphism with liver fibrosis in a cohort of Caucasian patients with MAFLD (n = 728). We also investigated whether TLL1 expression is altered during liver injury in humans, in murine models of fibrosis, and in in-vitro. While TLL1 expression is upregulated in the liver of humans with MAFLD and in mice, the rs17047200 variant was not associated with fibrosis or any other histological features, or with hepatic TLL1 expression. In conclusion, the TLL1 rs17047200 variant is not a risk variant for fibrosis in Caucasian patients with MAFLD. However, TLL1 could be involved in the pathogenesis of liver fibrosis.


Assuntos
Fígado Gorduroso/genética , Cirrose Hepática/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Metaloproteases Semelhantes a Toloide/genética , Adulto , Animais , Estudos de Coortes , Fígado Gorduroso/complicações , Feminino , Variação Genética , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/complicações , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Regulação para Cima
11.
Contemp Clin Trials ; 98: 106175, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33045403

RESUMO

Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD), a progressive liver disease that is closely associated with obesity, type 2 diabetes, hypertension and dyslipidaemia, represents an increasing global public health challenge. There is significant variability in the disease course: the majority exhibit only fat accumulation in the liver but a significant minority develop a necroinflammatory form of the disease (non-alcoholic steatohepatitis, NASH) that may progress to cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. At present our understanding of pathogenesis, disease natural history and long-term outcomes remain incomplete. There is a need for large, well characterised patient cohorts that may be used to address these knowledge gaps and to support the development of better biomarkers and novel therapies. The European NAFLD Registry is an international, prospectively recruited observational cohort study that aims to establish a large, highly-phenotyped patient cohort and linked bioresource. Here we describe the infrastructure, data management and monitoring plans, and the standard operating procedures implemented to ensure the timely and systematic collection of high-quality data and samples. Already recruiting subjects at secondary/tertiary care centres across Europe, the Registry is supporting the European Union IMI2-funded LITMUS 'Liver Investigation: Testing Marker Utility in Steatohepatitis' consortium, which is a major international effort to robustly validate biomarkers that diagnose, risk stratify and/or monitor NAFLD progression and liver fibrosis stage. The European NAFLD Registry has the demonstrable capacity to support research and biomarker development at scale and pace.

13.
Liver Int ; 40(9): 2182-2193, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32559006

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Low-grade systemic inflammation is a crucial landmark in NAFLD favouring disease progression and comorbidities. We evaluated the input of circulating bacterial antigens on systemic markers of inflammation in NAFLD patients. PATIENTS & METHODS: Multicenter cross-sectional study including consecutive patients with biopsy-proven NAFLD. Demographic, metabolic and fibrosis-related variables were collected. Circulating bacterial antigens were quantified in blood. Toll-like receptor SNPs were genotyped. Serum cytokine levels were evaluated. Peripheral blood mononuclear cell response to bacterial antigens was evaluated in vitro. RESULTS: Three hundred and fifteen patients from five Spanish hospitals were distributed by BMI. At least, one bacterial antigenic type was found in 66 patients with BMI < 30 (63.4%) and 163 patients with BMI > 30 (77.3%) (P = .014). HOMA-IR was significantly higher in the presence of circulating antigens among patients with BMI < 30. NASH and significant fibrosis in non-obese patients were more frequent in the presence of at least two circulating antigenic types. Allelic frequencies of TLR variants were similar to controls and did not affect clinical or laboratory parameters. Pro-inflammatory cytokines were significantly increased in patients with bacterial antigens, regardless of BMI. TLR gene and protein expression levels were significantly increased in PBMCs from patients with bacterial antigens. Antigen concentrations independently influenced TNF-α and IL-6, in both BMI subgroups of patients. Age independently influenced TNF-α and IL-6 in non-obese patients, and TNF-α in obese patients. CONCLUSION: Serum circulating bacterial antigens as well as age were BMI-independent factors related to increased systemic inflammation in NAFLD and provides insight on the multifaceted sources of inflammation in these patients.


Assuntos
Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Antígenos de Bactérias , Índice de Massa Corporal , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Inflamação , Leucócitos Mononucleares
14.
Nutr. hosp ; 37(3): 497-505, mayo-jun. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-193857

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: el objetivo del estudio fue evaluar el tiempo de respuesta, definido como pérdida del 10 % del peso, al tratamiento con un método multidisciplinar de pérdida de peso que incluye dieta (inicialmente cetogénica), ejercicio físico y soporte emocional. MÉTODOS: los datos se obtuvieron a partir del registro de pacientes reclutados en el estudio Promet Lipoinflamación, un estudio observacional de práctica clínica real en pacientes obesos o con sobrepeso tratados con el método multidisciplinar, basado inicialmente en una dieta cetogénica de muy bajas calorías. La velocidad se valoró mediante un análisis de supervivencia Kaplan-Meier y los factores asociados mediante regresión de Cox. RESULTADOS: la muestra estudiada fue de 6369 sujetos. El 74,4 % consiguió alcanzar una pérdida de peso del 10 % en una media de tiempo de 57,64 días (IC 95 %: 56,95-58,33]. Los factores asociados a mayor probabilidad de alcanzar pérdida del 10 % o más fueron género masculino (RR: 1,37; p < 0,001), obesidad de tipos I, II y III frente a sobrepeso (RR: 1,24; p < 0,001; 1,26; p < 0,001 y 1,22; p < 0,001, respectivamente) y edad joven frente a mayor de 55 años (RR: 2,17; p < 0,001). CONCLUSIONES: los resultados obtenidos a través de la práctica clínica real muestran que el método produce una pérdida de peso rápida e intensa. Tres de cada cuatro pacientes perdieron, como mínimo, el 10 % del peso corporal en una media de 58 días


OBJECTIVE: the aim of the current work was to evaluate the response time to a method of weight loss that includes dietary guidelines, physical exercise and emotional support. The response was defined as a loss of 10 % of the baseline weight. METHODS: data was obtained from the patients' record recruited in Promet Lipoinflamación, an observational study of real world data in obese or overweight patients treated with a multidisciplinary method and based initially on a very-low-calorie ketogenic (VLCK) diet. Weight loss rate was evaluated through a survival analysis Kaplan-Meier and related factors through Cox regression). RESULTS: 6,369 subjects were included and 74.4 % managed to reach a weight loss of 10 % in a mean time of 57.64 days (IC 95 %: 56.95-58.33). The factors associated with a greater probability of reaching a loss of 10 % or more were male gender (RR: 1.37, p < 0.001), obesity types I, II and III vs. overweight (RR: 1.24, p < 0.001, 1.26, p < 0.001 and 1.22, p < 0.001, respectively) and young age vs. more than 55 years old (RR: 2.17, p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: results obtained through real clinical practice show that the method produces fast and intense weight loss. Three out of four patients lost at least 10 % of body weight in an average of 58 days


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Dieta Cetogênica/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento , Análise de Sobrevida , Perda de Peso , Exercício Físico , Peso Corporal , Sobrepeso/dietoterapia , Comunicação Interdisciplinar , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier
15.
Nutr Hosp ; 34(3): 497-505, 2020 Jul 13.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32379476

RESUMO

Introduction: Objective: the aim of the current work was to evaluate the response time to a method of weight loss that includes dietary guidelines, physical exercise and emotional support. The response was defined as a loss of 10% of the baseline weight. Methods: data was obtained from the patients' record recruited in Promet Lipoinflamación, an observational study of real world data in obese or overweight patients treated with a multidisciplinary method and based initially on a very-low-calorie ketogenic (VLCK) diet. Weight loss rate was evaluated through a survival analysis Kaplan-Meier and related factors through Cox regression). Results: 6,369 subjects were included and 74.4% managed to reach a weight loss of 10% in a mean time of 57.64 days (IC 95%: 56.95-58.33). The factors associated with a greater probability of reaching a loss of 10% or more were male gender (RR: 1.37, p < 0.001), obesity types I, II and III vs. overweight (RR: 1.24, p < 0.001, 1.26, p < 0.001 and 1.22, p < 0.001, respectively) and young age vs. more than 55 years old (RR: 2.17, p < 0.001). Conclusion: Results obtained through real clinical practice show that the method produces fast and intense weight loss. Three out of four patients lost at least 10% of body weight in an average of 58 days.


Assuntos
Dieta Cetogênica/métodos , Perda de Peso , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Peso Corporal , Dieta Redutora , Exercício Físico , Feminino , Guias como Assunto , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/dietoterapia , Sobrepeso/dietoterapia , Fatores Sexuais , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
16.
Endocrine ; 68(3): 557-563, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32239453

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The prevalence of the non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in developed countries is up to 30% of the general population, and 50% of patients present type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2). Fibrosis is the most important prognostic factor in NAFLD. The aim of this study was to search evidence for an early diagnosis of liver fibrosis in subjects with DM2 and to evaluate potential risk and protective factors. METHODS: This study was conducted among 160 diabetic patients with NAFLD proven biopsy. Anthropometric assessments, laboratory test, liver histological features and follow-up of a Mediterranean diet were evaluated. RESULTS: Diabetic patients with liver fibrosis showed a greater number of positive metabolic criteria than diabetic patients without liver fibrosis. Patients with hepatic fibrosis have a lower score on the PREDIMED test (9.0 (2.4) vs. 6.2 (2.3); p < 0.05). Diabetic patients with liver fibrosis showed higher glucose levels (delta: 10.1 (4.5) mg/dl), fasting insulin levels (delta: 3.1 (1.5) UI/L), HOMA-IR (delta: 2.1 (0.3) units) and HbA1c (delta: 0.6 (0.2)%). Non-invasive tests showed a higher score (non-alcoholic fatty liver disease fibrosis score and fibrosis-4) in liver fibrosis subjects than no liver fibrosis subjects. A logistic regression analysis adjusted by age, gender, HbA1c and body mass index showed independent significant direct association between liver fibrosis and homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance as indicator of insulin resistance (odds ratio (OR) = 1.53: 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.1-2.2; p = 0.026) and inverse association with PREDIMED score as an indicator of adherence to Mediterranean diet (OR = 0.6; 95% CI: 0.4-0.8; p = 0.01). CONCLUSION: In patients with DM2, insulin resistance is an independent risk factor associated with liver fibrosis, and the adherence of a Mediterranean diet is a protective factor associated with absence of liver fibrosis.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Dieta Mediterrânea , Resistência à Insulina , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Biópsia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/epidemiologia , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/complicações , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/epidemiologia , Fatores de Proteção
17.
J Hepatol ; 73(1): 17-25, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32147361

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) could play a catalytic role in the development of metabolic comorbidities, although the magnitude of this effect in metabolically healthy patients with NAFLD remains unclear. We assessed the role of biopsy-proven NAFLD on the risk of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and other metabolic comorbidities (arterial hypertension [AHT], and dyslipidemia) in metabolically healthy patients. METHODS: We included 178 metabolically healthy-defined by the absence of baseline T2DM, AHT, dyslipidemia-patients with biopsy-proven NAFLD from the HEPAmet Registry (N = 1,030). Hepamet fibrosis score (HFS), NAFLD fibrosis score, and Fibrosis-4 were calculated. Follow-up was computed from biopsy to the diagnosis of T2DM, AHT, or dyslipidemia. RESULTS: During a follow-up of 5.6 ± 4.4 years, T2DM occurred in 9% (16/178), AHT in 8.4% (15/178), low HDL in 9.6% (17/178), and hypertriglyceridemia in 23.6% (42/178) of patients. In multivariate analysis, significant fibrosis predicted T2DM and AHT. Independent variables related to T2DM appearance were significant fibrosis (HR 2.95; 95% CI 1.19-7.31; p = 0.019), glucose levels (p = 0.008), age (p = 0.007) and BMI (p = 0.039). AHT was independently linked to significant fibrosis (HR 2.39; 95% CI 1.14-5.10; p = 0.028), age (p = 0.0001), BMI (p = 0.006), glucose (p = 0.021) and platelets (p = 0.050). The annual incidence rate of T2DM was higher in patients with significant fibrosis (4.4 vs. 1.2 cases per 100 person-years), and increased in the presence of obesity, similar to AHT (4.6 vs. 1.1 cases per 100 person-years). HFS >0.12 predicted the risk of T2DM (25% [4/16] vs. HFS <0.12 4.5% [4/88]; logRank 6.658, p = 0.010). CONCLUSION: Metabolically healthy patients with NAFLD-related significant fibrosis were at greater risk of developing T2DM and AHT. HFS >0.12, but not NAFLD fibrosis score or Fibrosis-4, predicted the occurrence of T2DM. LAY SUMMARY: Patients with biopsy-proven non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and significant fibrosis were at risk of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus and arterial hypertension. The risk of metabolic outcomes in patients with significant fibrosis was increased in the presence of obesity. In addition to liver biopsy, patients at intermediate-to-high risk of significant fibrosis by Hepamet fibrosis score were at risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus.

18.
J Diabetes Complications ; 34(4): 107534, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32057567

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: The risk allele (G) of rs10830963 in the melatonin receptor 1 B (MTNR1B) gene presents an association with biochemical parameters and obesity. We study the effect of this SNP on insulin resistance and weight loss secondary to two hypocaloric diets. METHODS: 270 obese subjects were randomly allocated during 9 months (Diet HP: a high protein/low carbohydrate vs. Diet S: a standard severe hypocaloric diets). Anthropometric parameters, fasting blood glucose, C-reactive protein (CRP), insulin concentration, insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), lipid profile and adipocytokines levels were measured. Genotype of MTNR1B gene polymorphism (rs10830963) was evaluated. RESULTS: All adiposity parameters, systolic blood pressure and leptin levels decreased in all subjects after both diets. This improvement of adiposity parameters was higher in non-G allele carriers than G allele carriers. After weight loss with Diet HP, (CC vs. CG + GG at 9 months); total cholesterol (delta: -9.9 ±â€¯2.4 mg/dl vs. -4.8 ±â€¯2.2 mg/dl:p < 0.05), LDL-cholesterol (delta: -8.3 ±â€¯1.9 mg/dl vs. -5.1 ±â€¯2.2 mg/dl: p < 0.05), insulin (delta: -4.7 ±â€¯0.8 UI/L vs. -0.9 ±â€¯1.0 UI/L: p < 0.05), triglycerides (delta: -17.7 ±â€¯3.9 mg/dl vs. -6.1 ±â€¯2.8 mg/dl: p < 0.05) and HOMA IR (delta: -0.8 ±â€¯0.2 units vs. -0.2 ±â€¯0.1 units: p < 0.05) improved only in no G allele carriers. After weight loss with Diet S in non G allele carriers, insulin levels (delta (CC vs. CG + GG): -3.4 ±â€¯0.6 UI/L vs. -1.2 ±â€¯0.4 UI/L: p < 0.05), triglycerides (delta: -29.2 ±â€¯3.4 mg/dl vs. -8.2 ±â€¯3.8 mg/dl: p < 0.05), HOMA-IR (delta (CC vs. CG + GG): -1.1 ±â€¯0.2 units vs. -0.1 ±â€¯0.1 units: p < 0.05), total cholesterol (delta: -15.9 ±â€¯7.4 mg/dl vs. -5.8 ±â€¯2.9 mg/dl:ns) and LDL-cholesterol (delta: -13.7 ±â€¯5.9 mg/dl vs. -6.0 ±â€¯2.9 mg/dl: ns) decreased, too. CONCLUSIONS: our study detected a relationship of rs10830963 variant of MTNR1B gene with adiposity changes, cholesterol changes and insulin resistance modification induced by two different hypocaloric during 9 months.

19.
Endocrinol. diabetes nutr. (Ed. impr.) ; 67(1): 43-52, ene. 2020. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-186146

RESUMO

ANTECEDENTES Y OBJETIVOS: El alelo de riesgo (G) de la variante rs10830963 en el gen del receptor de melatonina 1 B (MTNR1B) se relaciona con la obesidad. En este trabajo evaluamos el efecto de este SNP sobre los factores de riesgo cardiovascular y la pérdida de peso secundaria a 2 dietas hipocalóricas. MÉTODOS: Trescientos sesenta y un sujetos obesos fueron asignados aleatoriamente durante 3 meses (dieta M: dieta hipocalórica alta en grasas monoinsaturadas vs. dieta P: dieta hipocalórica alta en grasas poliinsaturadas). Se midieron los parámetros antropométricos, glucemia en ayunas, proteína C reactiva, concentración de insulina, resistencia a la insulina (HOMA-IR), perfil de lípidos y los niveles de adipocitoquinas. Se evaluó el genotipo del polimorfismo del gen MTNR1B (rs10830963). RESULTADOS: Todos los parámetros antropométricos, la presión arterial sistólica y los niveles de leptina disminuyeron en todos los sujetos después de ambas dietas. Esta mejora de los parámetros antropométricos fue mayor en los no portadores del alelo G que en los portadores del alelo G. Tras la intervención con dieta M (CC vs. CG + GG), el colesterol total (delta: -10,4 ± 2,1 mg/dl vs. -6,4 ± 1,2 mg/dl: p < 0,05), colesterol LDL (delta: -7,1 ± 0,9 mg/dl vs. -2,8 ± 0,8 mg/dl: p < 0,05), insulina (delta: -3,0 ± 0.8 UI/l vs. -2,0 ± 1,0 UI/l: p < 0,05) y HOMA IR (delta: -3,4 ± 1,0 unidades vs. -2,9 ± 0,9 unidades: p < 0,05) mejoraron en los no portadores del alelo G. Tras la dieta P, en el grupo de sujetos sin alelo G, los niveles de insulina (delta: -2,9 ± 1,0 UI/l vs. -0,6 ± 0,2 UI/l: p < 0,05) y HOMA-IR (delta [CC vs. CG + GG]: -0,8 ± 0,2 unidades vs. -0,4 ± 0,3 unidades: p < 0,05) también disminuyeron. CONCLUSIONES: Nuestro estudio detectó una relación de la variante rs10830963 de MTNR1B con la pérdida de peso corporal y la modificación de la resistencia a la insulina inducida por 2 dietas hipocalóricas diferentes. Solo la dieta hipocalórica enriquecida en grasa monoinsaturada y los no portadores del alelo G mostraron un efecto significativo sobre las lipoproteínas


BACKGROUND & AIMS: The risk allele (G) of rs10830963 in the melatonin receptor 1 B (MTNR1B) gene presents an association with obesity. We study the effect of this SNP on cardiovascular risk factors and weight loss secondary to 2hypocaloric diets. Methods: 361 obese subjects were randomly allocated during 3 months (Diet M - high monounsaturated fat hypocaloric diet vs. Diet P - high polyunsaturated fat hypocaloric diet). Anthropometric parameters, fasting blood glucose, C-reactive protein (CRP), insulin concentration, insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), lipid profile and adipocytokines levels were measured. Genotype of MTNR1B gene polymorphism (rs10830963) was evaluated. Results: All anthropometric parameters, systolic blood pressure and leptin levels decreased in all subjects after both diets. This improvement of anthropometric parameters was higher in non G allele carriers than G allele carriers. After dietary intervention with Diet M, (CC vs. CG + GG); total cholesterol (delta: -10.4 ± 2.1 mg/dl vs. -6.4 ± 1.2 mg/dl: P <.05), LDL-cholesterol (delta:-7.1 ± 0.9 mg/dl vs. -2.8 ± 0.8 mg/dl: P <.05), insulin (delta:-3.0 ± 0.8 UI/L vs. -2.0 ± 1.0 UI/L: P<.05) and HOMA-IR (delta:-3.4 ± 1.0 units vs. -2.9 ± 0.9 units: P<.05) improved in no G allele carriers. After Diet P, in the group of subjects without G allele CC, insulin levels (delta: -2.9 ± 1.0 UI/L vs. -0.6 ± 0.2 UI/L: P <.05) and HOMA-IR (delta (CC vs. CG + GG): -0.8 ± 0.2 units vs. -0.4 ± 0.3 units: P <.05) decreased, too. Conclusions: Our study detected a relationship of rs10830963 MTNR1B SNP with body weight loss and insulin resistance modification induced by 2 different hypocaloric. Only monounsaturated enriched hypocaloric diet and in no-G allele carriers showed a significant effect on lipoproteins


Assuntos
Humanos , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Polimorfismo Genético , Gorduras na Dieta/uso terapêutico , Resistência à Insulina , Perda de Peso/efeitos dos fármacos , Obesidade/dietoterapia , Fatores de Risco , Gorduras na Dieta/metabolismo , Doenças Cardiovasculares , Antropometria , Glicemia , Composição Corporal , Relação Cintura-Quadril , Radioimunoensaio/métodos
20.
Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 18(1): 216-225.e5, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31195161

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Fibrosis affects prognoses for patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Several non-invasive scoring systems have aimed to identify patients at risk for advanced fibrosis, but inconclusive results and variations in features of patients (diabetes, obesity and older age) reduce their diagnostic accuracy. We sought to develop a scoring system based on serum markers to identify patients with NAFLD at risk for advanced fibrosis. METHODS: We collected data from 2452 patients with NAFLD at medical centers in Italy, France, Cuba, and China. We developed the Hepamet fibrosis scoring system using demographic, anthropometric, and laboratory test data, collected at time of liver biopsy, from a training cohort of patients from Spain (n = 768) and validated the system using patients from Cuba (n = 344), Italy (n = 288), France (n = 830), and China (n = 232). Hepamet fibrosis score (HFS) were compared with those of previously developed fibrosis scoring systems (the NAFLD fibrosis score [NFS] and FIB-4). The diagnostic accuracy of the Hepamet fibrosis scoring system was assessed based on area under the receiver operating characteristic (AUROC) curve, sensitivity, specificity, diagnostic odds ratio, and positive and negative predictive values and likelihood ratios. RESULTS: Variables used to determine HFS were patient sex, age, homeostatic model assessment score, presence of diabetes, levels of aspartate aminotransferase, and albumin, and platelet counts; these were independently associated with advanced fibrosis. HFS discriminated between patients with and without advanced fibrosis with an AUROC curve value of 0.85 whereas NFS or FIB-4 did so with AUROC values of 0.80 (P = .0001). In the validation set, cut-off HFS of 0.12 and 0.47 identified patients with and without advanced fibrosis with 97.2% specificity, 74% sensitivity, a 92% negative predictive value, a 76.3% positive predictive value, a 13.22 positive likelihood ratio, and a 0.31 negative likelihood ratio. HFS were not affected by patient age, body mass index, hypertransaminasemia, or diabetes. The Hepamet fibrosis scoring system had the greatest net benefit in identifying patients who should undergo liver biopsy analysis and led to significant improvements in reclassification, reducing the number of patients with undetermined results to 20% from 30% for the FIB-4 and NFS systems (P < .05). CONCLUSIONS: Using clinical and laboratory data from patients with NAFLD, we developed and validated the Hepamet fibrosis scoring system, which identified patients with advanced fibrosis with greater accuracy than the FIB-4 and NFS systems. the Hepamet system provides a greater net benefit for the decision-making process to identify patients who should undergo liver biopsy analysis.


Assuntos
Cirrose Hepática/sangue , Cirrose Hepática/diagnóstico , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/sangue , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/diagnóstico , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Adulto , Idoso , Biópsia , Estudos Transversais , Técnicas de Apoio para a Decisão , Feminino , Humanos , Fígado/patologia , Cirrose Hepática/etiologia , Cirrose Hepática/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/complicações , Prognóstico
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