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1.
Arch Virol ; 162(9): 2775-2780, 2017 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28493052

RESUMO

An RT-LAMP assay was developed to detect Mirafiori lettuce big vein virus (MiLBVV) and was compared with DAS-ELISA and RT-PCR. All primers were designed on the basis of the coat protein gene of the virus. In addition, a novel immunocapture (IC) RT-LAMP assay for rapid and easy detection of MiLBVV was developed, and factors such as safety, simplicity, cost, user-friendliness and safety were compared with those of DAS-ELISA, RT-PCR and RT-LAMP assays. Compared with DAS-ELISA and RT-PCR, RT-LAMP and IC-RT-LAMP had higher sensitivity (100-fold) but similar specificity, with the advantage of a shorter assay time and no need for RNA extraction (in IC-RT-LAMP). As RT-LAMP requires only very basic instruments and the results can be obtained by visual inspection (using GeneFinder™ dye), this technique provides a simple and reliable tool for laboratory research.


Assuntos
Colorimetria/métodos , Doenças das Plantas/virologia , Vírus de Plantas/genética , Vírus de Plantas/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Diagnóstico Molecular , Técnicas de Amplificação de Ácido Nucleico , Transcrição Reversa , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
2.
J Reprod Infertil ; 18(1): 197-204, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28377900

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In human, SRY (sex-determining region of the Y chromosome) is the major gene for the testis-determining factor which is found in normal XY males and in the rare XX males, and it is absent in normal XX females and many XY females. There are several methods which can indicate a male genotype by the presence of the amplified product of SRY gene. The aim of this study was to identify the SRY gene for embryo sex determination in human during pregnancy using loop mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) method. METHODS: A total of 15 blood samples from pregnant women at eight weeks of pregnancy were collected, and Plasma DNA was extracted. LAMP assay was performed using DNA obtained for detection of SRY gene. Furthermore, colorimetric LAMP assay for rapid and easy detection of SRY gene was developed. RESULTS: LAMP results revealed that the positive reaction was highly specific only with samples containing XY chromosomes, while no amplification was found in samples containing XX chromosomes. A total of 15 blood samples from pregnant women were seven male embryos (46.6%) and eight female embryos (53.4%). All used visual components in the colorimetric assay could successfully make a clear distinction between positive and negative ones. CONCLUSION: The LAMP assay developed in this study is a valuable tool capable of monitoring the purity and detection of SRY gene for sex determination.

3.
Arch Virol ; 162(2): 495-500, 2017 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27738843

RESUMO

Sugar beet can be infected by many different viruses that can reduce yield; beet necrotic yellow vein virus (BNYVV) is one of the most economically important viruses of this crop plant. This report describes a new reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP) assay for identification of BNYVV. In addition, a novel immunocapture (IC) RT-LAMP assay for rapid and easy detection (without RNA extraction) of BNYVV was developed here and compared with DAS-ELISA and RT-LAMP assays. Our results show that the IC-RT-LAMP assay is a highly reliable alternative assay for identification of BNYVV.


Assuntos
Beta vulgaris/virologia , Imunoensaio , Técnicas de Amplificação de Ácido Nucleico , Vírus de Plantas/genética , Vírus de RNA/genética , Transcrição Reversa , Sequência de Bases , Primers do DNA/síntese química , Primers do DNA/genética , Doenças das Plantas/virologia , Vírus de Plantas/isolamento & purificação , Vírus de RNA/isolamento & purificação , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
4.
Appl Biochem Biotechnol ; 175(8): 3599-616, 2015 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25820356

RESUMO

To diminish the time required for some diagnostic assays including polymerase chain reaction (PCR), loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) and also a visual detection protocol on the basis of npt II and GUS genes in transgenic tobacco plants were used. Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated transformation of Nicotiana tabacum leaf discs was performed with plant transformation vector of pBI 121. From kanamycin-resistant plants selected by their antibiotic resistance, four plants were selected for DNA isolation. Presence of the transgene was confirmed in the transformants by PCR and LAMP. In this regard, all LAMP and PCR primers were designed on the basis of the gene sequences of npt II and GUS. The LAMP assay was applied for direct detection of gene marker from plant samples without DNA extraction steps (direct LAMP assay). Also, a novel colorimetric LAMP assay for rapid and easy detection of npt II and GUS genes was developed here, its potential compared with PCR assay. The LAMP method, on the whole, had the following advantages over the PCR method: easy detection, high sensitivity, high efficiency, simple manipulation, safety, low cost, and user friendly.


Assuntos
Agrobacterium tumefaciens/genética , Glucuronidase/isolamento & purificação , Canamicina Quinase/isolamento & purificação , Tabaco/genética , Vetores Genéticos , Glucuronidase/genética , Canamicina Quinase/genética , Folhas de Planta/genética , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Tabaco/enzimologia
5.
Appl Biochem Biotechnol ; 173(7): 1836-48, 2014 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24894659

RESUMO

To diminish the time required for some diagnostic assays including polymerase chain reaction (PCR), loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP; due to mainly DNA extraction step) and also triple antibody sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (TAS-ELISA) into a minimum level, an innovative immunocapture LAMP (IC-LAMP) and immunocapture PCR (IC-PCR) protocol on the basis of beet curly top virus (BCTV) genome was used and optimized. TAS-ELISA was employed first to validate the existence of the virus. All six IC-LAMP primers (i.e. forward outer primer (F3), backward outer primer (B3), forward inner primer (FIP), backward inner primer (BIP), loop forward (LF) and loop backward (LB)) together with IC-PCR primers were designed on the basis of the replication-associated protein (rep) gene (GenBank accession AF379637.1) of BCTV genome. Also, a novel colorimetric IC-LAMP assay for rapid and easy detection of BCTV was developed here, its potential compared with TAS-ELISA and IC-PCR assays. The method, on the whole, had the following advantages over the two mentioned procedures: (i) fascinatingly, no need of DNA extraction; (ii) no requirement of expensive and sophisticated tools for amplification and detection; (iii) no post-amplification treatment of the amplicons and (iv) a flexible and easy detection approach, which is visually detected by naked eyes using diverse visual dyes.


Assuntos
Beta vulgaris/virologia , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática/métodos , Geminiviridae/isolamento & purificação , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase/métodos , Cor , Geminiviridae/genética
6.
J Virol Methods ; 192(1-2): 51-4, 2013 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23680094

RESUMO

The most common virus affecting potatoes in the field worldwide is Potato Leafroll virus (PLRV), belonging to the family Luteoviridae, genius Plerovirus. There are several molecular methods to detect PLRV including polymerase chain reaction (PCR), Multiplex AmpliDet RNA and double antibody sandwich ELISA (DAS-ELISA). But these techniques take a long time for 3h to two days, requiring sophisticated tools. The aim of this study was to reduce the time required to detect PLRV, using a newly designed loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) technique requiring only an ordinary water bath or thermoblock. PLRV RNA was extracted from overall 80 infected naturally potato leaves. A set of six novel primers for the LAMP reaction was designed according to the highly conserved sequence of the viral coat protein (CP) gene. LAMP was carried out under isothermal conditions, applying the Bst DNA polymerase enzyme; the LAMP products were detected visually using the GeneFinder™ florescence dye. A positive result using the GeneFinder™ dye was a color change from the original orange to green. Results confirmed LAMP with GeneFinder™ provides a rapid and safe assay for detection of PLRV. Since with other molecular methods, equipping laboratories with a thermocycler or expensive detector systems is unavoidable, this assay was found to be a simple, cost-effective molecular method that has the potential to replace other diagnostic methods in primary laboratories without the need for expensive equipment or specialized techniques. It can also be considered as a reliable alternative viral detection system in further investigations.


Assuntos
Luteoviridae/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Amplificação de Ácido Nucleico/métodos , Doenças das Plantas/virologia , Solanum tuberosum/virologia , Coloração e Rotulagem/métodos , Virologia/métodos , Primers do DNA/genética , Luteoviridae/genética , Folhas de Planta/virologia
7.
Appl Biochem Biotechnol ; 168(4): 770-84, 2012 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22907514

RESUMO

To diminish the time required for some diagnostic assays including reverse transcription PCR (RT-PCR), reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP; due to mainly RNA extraction step) and also DAS-ELISA into a minimum level, an innovative immunocapture RT-LAMP (IC-RT-LAMP) and immunocapture reverse transcription (IC/RT-PCR) protocol on the basis of Potato Leafroll virus (PLRV) genome were used and optimized. In this regard, all six IC-RT-LAMP primers (i.e. F3, B3, FIP, BIP, LF and LB) together with IC/RT-PCR primers were designed on the basis of the highly conserved sequence (ORF3) of coat protein gene (GenBank accession number: U73777) of PLRV genome. Even though DAS-ELISA, IC/RT-PCR and IC-RT-LAMP assays could successfully detect positive infected plant samples, considering the time, safety, sensitivity, cost and simplicity, the last one was overall superior. Meanwhile, among five different visual dyes to accurately detect IC-RT-LAMP products, both hydroxynaphthol blue and GeneFinder™ could produce long stable colour change and brightness in a close tube-based approach to prevent cross-contamination risk, concluded eventually as the best ones. Altogether, as IC-RT-LAMP is sensitive, cost-effective, fairly user friendly and also can generate more accurate results than previous diagnostic procedures, we accordingly propose this colorimetric assay as a highly reliable alternative viral recognition system regarding PLRV recognition and probably other viral-based diseases.


Assuntos
Luteoviridae/isolamento & purificação , Imagem Molecular/métodos , Cor , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Genoma Viral/genética , Luteoviridae/genética , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa , Segurança
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