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Cell Reprogram ; 18(4): 264-79, 2016 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27362734


Cloning by somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) is characterized by low efficiency and the occurrence of developmental abnormalities, which are rather poorly studied phenomena in goats. This study aimed at comparing overall SCNT efficiency in goats by using in vitro-matured (IVM) or in vivo-matured oocytes and fibroblast donor cells (mock transfected, transgenic, or wild type), also characterizing symptoms of the Abnormal Offspring Syndrome (AOS) in development, comparing results with pregnancies produced by artificial insemination (AI) and in vivo-derived (IVD) embryos. The SCNT group had lower pregnancy rate (18.3%, 11/60), total number of concepti (20.0%, 12/60), term births (3.3%, 2/60), and live births (1.7%, 1/60) than both the IVD (77.8%, 7/9; 155.5%, 14/9; 122.2%, 11/9; 88.8%, 8/9) and the AI (71.4%, 10/14; 121.4%, 17/14; 100%, 14/14; 78.5%, 11/14) groups, respectively (p < 0.05). No SCNT pregnancies reached term using IVM oocytes, but in vivo-matured oocytes resulted in two term transgenic cloned kids. The proportion fetal membrane (FM) weight/birth weight reflected an increase in FM size and cotyledonary enlargement in clones, for disproportionally bigger newborns in relation to cotyledonary numbers. Overall, goat cloning showed losses and abnormality patterns similar to the AOS in cloned cattle and sheep, which have not been previously well recognized in goats.

Animais Geneticamente Modificados/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Transferência Embrionária/veterinária , Desenvolvimento Embrionário , Fibroblastos/citologia , Técnicas de Transferência Nuclear/veterinária , Oócitos/citologia , Animais , Animais Geneticamente Modificados/genética , Animais Recém-Nascidos , Feminino , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Cabras , Oócitos/metabolismo , Gravidez , Taxa de Gravidez , Nascimento a Termo
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 57(2): 200-208, Mar.-Apr. 2014. ilus, graf, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-705746


The aim of the present study was to determine the role of GDF-9 and/or FSH on the growth and mRNA expression for FSH-R, GDF-9, and BMPs in goat secondary follicles after culture in vitro. Goat secondary follicles (~200µm) were isolated and cultured for six days in minimum essential medium (MEM) supplemented with GDF-9 (200 ng/mL), FSH (50 ng/mL) or both. At the beginning and end of culture, the follicular diameter was evaluated and compared. The levels of mRNA for GDF-9, FSH-R and BMPs -2, -4, -6, -7 and -15 in cultured follicles were quantified by real time PCR. The results showed that a significant increase of follicle diameter after six days when compared to day 0, but the presence of GDF-9 and FSH did not influence the follicular growth in comparison with those cultured in MEM. Real time PCR showed that GDF-9 down-regulated the levels of mRNA for BMPs -2 and -15, while FSH either alone or in combination with GDF-9 did not affect the expression of GDF-9, FSH-R and BMPs. In conclusion, GDF-9 reduced the expression of BMP-2 and -15 in caprine preantral follicles after their culture, but FSH either alone or in association with GDF-9 did not control the expression of GDF-9, FSH-R and BMPs.

Growth Horm IGF Res ; 23(1-2): 37-44, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23333247


OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the possible role of IGF-II alone or in association with FSH on in vitro development of isolated caprine preantral follicles. METHODS: Preantral follicles (≥150 µm) were isolated from goat ovaries and cultured for 18 days in basic αMEM medium (control) or supplemented with IGF-II alone at 20 or 50 ng/ml, named IGF20 and IGF50, respectively, or in combination with recombinant FSH (FSH, IGF20F or IGF50F). During in vitro culture, the follicles were analyzed by using morphology criteria, antrum formation and growth rate as parameters. After 18 days of follicular culture, oocytes equal to or larger than 110 µm were used for in vitro maturation (IVM). Oocyte viability and meiosis resumption were assessed by fluorescence microscopy after labeling with calcein-AM, ethidium homodimer and Hoechst 33342. RESULTS: The IGF20 treatment was the only treatment capable of maintaining the percentage of morphologically normal follicles from D0 until D6 and from D12 to D18 (p>0.05), while in all other treatments the percentage of morphologically normal follicles decreased progressively during 18 days of in vitro culture (p<0.05). At D18, all treatments with IGF-II or FSH resulted in a significantly higher percentage of normal follicles when compared to αMEM alone. The IGF50F treatment provided a significantly higher early antrum formation rate when compared to αMEM and FSH alone. The addition of IGF-II alone (20 or 50 ng/ml) or in combination with FSH prevented oocyte degeneration after IVM. Moreover, the FSH treatment demonstrated a lower percentage of oocyte degeneration when compared to control (4.35% vs. 26.3%, respectively; p<0.05). Regarding meiosis resumption, the IGF20F treatment was the only treatment that significantly differed from αMEM alone. All treatments except the control (αMEM alone) presented oocytes at metaphase II. CONCLUSION: IGF-II associated with FSH stimulated in vitro follicular development, oocyte viability and meiotic resumption of caprine oocytes after IVM.

Hormônio Foliculoestimulante/farmacologia , Cabras , Técnicas de Maturação in Vitro de Oócitos/métodos , Fator de Crescimento Insulin-Like II/farmacologia , Oócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Folículo Ovariano/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Tamanho Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Meios de Cultura/farmacologia , Feminino , Hormônio Foliculoestimulante/administração & dosagem , Cabras/fisiologia , Técnicas de Maturação in Vitro de Oócitos/veterinária , Fator de Crescimento Insulin-Like II/administração & dosagem , Oócitos/citologia , Oócitos/fisiologia , Oogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Oogênese/fisiologia , Folículo Ovariano/citologia , Folículo Ovariano/fisiologia
Theriogenology ; 74(5): 749-55, 2010 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20537700


The objective was to evaluate the effects of various concentrations of exogenous FSH during in vitro culture of isolated canine preantral follicles. Preantral secondary follicles (>200 microm) were isolated by microdissection and cultured for 18 d in supplemented alpha-Minimum Essential Medium (alpha-MEM). There were three treatment groups: 1) absence of FSH (control medium); 2) FSH100 (fixed concentration of 100 ng/mL throughout the entire culture period); and 3) sequential FSH (FSHSeq - 100, 500, and 1,000 ng/mL were added sequentially). Following culture, all follicles from all treatments were still viable (marked green by calcein-AM). The initial (D0) average follicle diameter for the control, FSH100, and FSHSeq was (mean +/- SEM) 298.96 +/- 7.02, 286.00 +/- 5.87, and 275.39 +/- 174 6.55 microm, respectively (P > 0.05). Mean diameter of follicles treated with FSHSeq on Day 18 (D18-439.80 +/- 14.08 microm) was greater than those of the other treatments (P < 0.05). Daily follicular growth rate (microm/d) of follicles in the FSHSeq treatment (6.47 +/- 0.55) was significantly faster than for both the control (3.67 +/- 0.32) and FSH100 (4.47 +/- 0.38) treatments. Furthermore, FSH100 and FSHSeq treatments had a significantly higher rate of antrum formation than the control group on D12 of culture, whereas after D12, FSH100 had a significantly higher rate of extrusion compared to the control (P < 0.05). In conclusion, the sequential addition of FSH to the culture medium maintained the survival of isolated canine preantral follicles and promoted an increased rate of follicular growth and antrum formation.

Cães , Hormônio Foliculoestimulante/farmacologia , Folículo Ovariano/efeitos dos fármacos , Técnicas de Cultura de Tecidos/veterinária , Animais , Meios de Cultura , Feminino , Folículo Ovariano/anatomia & histologia , Folículo Ovariano/crescimento & desenvolvimento