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1.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 116(1): 77-86, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33566969

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The physical examination enables prognostic evaluation of patients with decompensated heart failure (HF), but lacks reliability and relies on the professional's clinical experience. Considering hemodynamic responses to "fight or flight" situations, such as the moment of admission to the emergency room, we proposed the calculation of the acute hemodynamic index (AHI) from values of heart rate and pulse pressure. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the in-hospital prognostic ability of AHI in decompensated HF. METHODS: A prospective, multicenter, registry-based observational study including data from the BREATHE registry, with information from public and private hospitals in Brazil. The prognostic ability of the AHI was tested by receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) analyses, C-statistics, Akaike's information criteria, and multivariate regression analyses. p-values < 0.05 were considered statistically significant. RESULTS: We analyzed data from 463 patients with heart failure with low ejection fraction. In-hospital mortality was 9%. The median AHI value was used as cut-off (4 mmHg⋅bpm). A low AHI (≤ 4 mmHg⋅bpm) was found in 80% of deceased patients. The risk of in-hospital mortality in patients with low AHI was 2.5 times that in patients with AHI > 4 mmHg⋅bpm. AHI independently predicted in-hospital mortality in acute decompensated HF (sensitivity: 0.786; specificity: 0.429; AUC: 0.607 [0.540-0.674]; p = 0.010) even after adjusting for comorbidities and medication use [OR: 0.061 (0.007-0.114); p = 0.025). CONCLUSIONS: The AHI independently predicts in-hospital mortality in acute decompensated HF. This simple bed-side index could be useful in an emergency setting. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2021; 116(1):77-86).


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca , Brasil , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Hemodinâmica , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
2.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 116(1): 77-86, Jan. 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152986

RESUMO

Resumo Fundamento O exame físico permite a avaliação prognóstica de pacientes com insuficiência cardíaca (IC) descompensada, porém não é suficientemente confiável e depende da experiência clínica do profissional. Considerando as respostas hemodinâmicas a situações do tipo "luta ou fuga" tais como a admissão no serviço de emergência, foi proposto o índice hemodinâmico agudo (IHA), calculado a partir da frequência cardíaca e pressão de pulso. Objetivo avaliar a capacidade prognóstica intra-hospitalar do IHA na IC descompensada. Métodos estudo prospectivo, multicêntrico e observacional baseado no registro BREATHE, incluindo dados de hospitais públicos e privados no Brasil. Foram utilizadas análises ROC (Receiver Operating Characteristic), de estatística c e de regressão multivariada, assim como o critério de informação de Akaike, para testar a capacidade prognóstica do IHA. O valor-p < 0,05 foi considerado estatisticamente significativo. Resultados Foram analisados dados de 463 pacientes com IC com fração de ejeção reduzida a partir do registro BREATHE. A mortalidade intra-hospitalar foi de 9%. A mediana do IHA foi considerada o valor de corte (4 mmHg⋅bpm). Um baixo IHA (≤ 4 mmHg⋅bpm) foi encontrado em 80% dos pacientes falecidos. O risco de mortalidade intra-hospitalar em pacientes com baixo IHA foi 2,5 vezes maior que aquele para pacientes com IHA > 4 mmHg⋅bpm. O IHA foi capaz de predizer independentemente a mortalidade intra-hospitalar na IC aguda descompensada [sensibilidade: 0,786; especificidade: 0,429; AUC (área sob a curva): 0,607 (0,540-0,674), p = 0,010] mesmo depois dos ajustes para comorbidades e uso de medicamentos [razão de chances (RC): 0,061 (0,007-0,114), p = 0,025]. Conclusões O IHA é capaz de predizer independentemente a mortalidade intra-hospitalar na IC aguda descompensada. Esse índice simples e realizado à beira do leito pode se mostrar útil em serviços de emergência. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2021; 116(1):77-86)


Abstract Background The physical examination enables prognostic evaluation of patients with decompensated heart failure (HF), but lacks reliability and relies on the professional's clinical experience. Considering hemodynamic responses to "fight or flight" situations, such as the moment of admission to the emergency room, we proposed the calculation of the acute hemodynamic index (AHI) from values of heart rate and pulse pressure. Objective To evaluate the in-hospital prognostic ability of AHI in decompensated HF. Methods A prospective, multicenter, registry-based observational study including data from the BREATHE registry, with information from public and private hospitals in Brazil. The prognostic ability of the AHI was tested by receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) analyses, C-statistics, Akaike's information criteria, and multivariate regression analyses. p-values < 0.05 were considered statistically significant. Results We analyzed data from 463 patients with heart failure with low ejection fraction. In-hospital mortality was 9%. The median AHI value was used as cut-off (4 mmHg⋅bpm). A low AHI (≤ 4 mmHg⋅bpm) was found in 80% of deceased patients. The risk of in-hospital mortality in patients with low AHI was 2.5 times that in patients with AHI > 4 mmHg⋅bpm. AHI independently predicted in-hospital mortality in acute decompensated HF (sensitivity: 0.786; specificity: 0.429; AUC: 0.607 [0.540-0.674]; p = 0.010) even after adjusting for comorbidities and medication use [OR: 0.061 (0.007-0.114); p = 0.025). Conclusions The AHI independently predicts in-hospital mortality in acute decompensated HF. This simple bed-side index could be useful in an emergency setting. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2021; 116(1):77-86)

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33438847

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: In heart transplantation (HT) recipients, several factors are critical to promptly adopting appropriate rehabilitation strategies and may be important to predict outcomes way after surgery. This study aimed to determine preoperative patient-related risk factors that could adversely affect the postoperative clinical course of patients undergoing HT. METHODS: Twenty-one hospitalized patients with heart failure undergoing HT were evaluated according to respiratory muscle strength and functional capacity before HT. Mechanical ventilation (MV) time, reintubation rate, and intensive care unit (ICU) length of stay were recorded, and assessed postoperatively. RESULTS: Inspiratory muscle strength as absolute and percentpredicted values were strongly correlated with MV time (r=-0.61 and r=-0.70, respectively, at P<0.001). Concerning ICU length of stay, only maximal inspiratory pressure (MIP) absolute and percent-predicted values were significantly associated. The absolute |MIP| was significantly negatively correlated with ICU length of stay (r=-0.58 at P=0.006) and the percent-predicted MIP was also significantly negatively correlated with ICU length of stay (r=-0.68 at P=0.0007). No associations were observed between preoperative functional capacity, age, sex, and clinical characteristics and MV time and ICU length of stay in the cohort included in this study. Patients with respiratory muscle weakness had a higher prevalence of prolonged MV, reintubation, and delayed ICU length of stay. CONCLUSION: An impairment of preoperative MIP was associated with poorer short-term outcomes following HT. As such, inspiratory muscle strength is an important clinical preoperative marker in patients undergoing HT.

4.
Clinics (Sao Paulo) ; 76: e1991, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33503176

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This observational, cross-sectional study based aimed to test whether heart failure (HF)-disease management program (DMP) components are influencing care and clinical decision-making in Brazil. METHODS: The survey respondents were cardiologists recommended by experts in the field and invited to participate in the survey via printed form or email. The survey consisted of 29 questions addressing site demographics, public versus private infrastructure, HF baseline data of patients, clinical management of HF, performance indicators, and perceptions about HF treatment. RESULTS: Data were obtained from 98 centers (58% public and 42% private practice) distributed across Brazil. Public HF-DMPs compared to private HF-DMP were associated with a higher percentage of HF-DMP-dedicated services (79% vs 24%; OR: 12, 95% CI: 94-34), multidisciplinary HF (MHF)-DMP [84% vs 65%; OR: 3; 95% CI: 1-8), HF educational programs (49% vs 18%; OR: 4; 95% CI: 1-2), written instructions before hospital discharge (83% vs 76%; OR: 1; 95% CI: 0-5), rehabilitation (69% vs 39%; OR: 3; 95% CI: 1-9), monitoring (44% vs 29%; OR: 2; 95% CI: 1-5), guideline-directed medical therapy-HF use (94% vs 85%; OR: 3; 95% CI: 0-15), and less B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) dosage (73% vs 88%; OR: 3; 95% CI: 1-9), and key performance indicators (37% vs 60%; OR: 3; 95% CI: 1-7). In comparison to non- MHF-DMP, MHF-DMP was associated with more educational initiatives (42% vs 6%; OR: 12; 95% CI: 1-97), written instructions (83% vs 68%; OR: 2: 95% CI: 1-7), rehabilitation (69% vs 17%; OR: 11; 95% CI: 3-44), monitoring (47% vs 6%; OR: 14; 95% CI: 2-115), GDMT-HF (92% vs 83%; OR: 3; 95% CI: 0-15). In addition, there were less use of BNP as a biomarker (70% vs 84%; OR: 2; 95% CI: 1-8) and key performance indicators (35% vs 51%; OR: 2; 95% CI: 91,6) in the non-MHF group. Physicians considered changing or introducing new medications mostly when patients were hospitalized or when observing worsening disease and/or symptoms. Adherence to drug treatment and non-drug treatment factors were the greatest medical problems associated with HF treatment. CONCLUSION: HF-DMPs are highly heterogeneous. New strategies for HF care should consider the present study highlights and clinical decision-making processes to improve HF patient care.

5.
Clinics ; 76: e1991, 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153946

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This observational, cross-sectional study based aimed to test whether heart failure (HF)-disease management program (DMP) components are influencing care and clinical decision-making in Brazil. METHODS: The survey respondents were cardiologists recommended by experts in the field and invited to participate in the survey via printed form or email. The survey consisted of 29 questions addressing site demographics, public versus private infrastructure, HF baseline data of patients, clinical management of HF, performance indicators, and perceptions about HF treatment. RESULTS: Data were obtained from 98 centers (58% public and 42% private practice) distributed across Brazil. Public HF-DMPs compared to private HF-DMP were associated with a higher percentage of HF-DMP-dedicated services (79% vs 24%; OR: 12, 95% CI: 94-34), multidisciplinary HF (MHF)-DMP [84% vs 65%; OR: 3; 95% CI: 1-8), HF educational programs (49% vs 18%; OR: 4; 95% CI: 1-2), written instructions before hospital discharge (83% vs 76%; OR: 1; 95% CI: 0-5), rehabilitation (69% vs 39%; OR: 3; 95% CI: 1-9), monitoring (44% vs 29%; OR: 2; 95% CI: 1-5), guideline-directed medical therapy-HF use (94% vs 85%; OR: 3; 95% CI: 0-15), and less B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) dosage (73% vs 88%; OR: 3; 95% CI: 1-9), and key performance indicators (37% vs 60%; OR: 3; 95% CI: 1-7). In comparison to non- MHF-DMP, MHF-DMP was associated with more educational initiatives (42% vs 6%; OR: 12; 95% CI: 1-97), written instructions (83% vs 68%; OR: 2: 95% CI: 1-7), rehabilitation (69% vs 17%; OR: 11; 95% CI: 3-44), monitoring (47% vs 6%; OR: 14; 95% CI: 2-115), GDMT-HF (92% vs 83%; OR: 3; 95% CI: 0-15). In addition, there were less use of BNP as a biomarker (70% vs 84%; OR: 2; 95% CI: 1-8) and key performance indicators (35% vs 51%; OR: 2; 95% CI: 91,6) in the non-MHF group. Physicians considered changing or introducing new medications mostly when patients were hospitalized or when observing worsening disease and/or symptoms. Adherence to drug treatment and non-drug treatment factors were the greatest medical problems associated with HF treatment. CONCLUSION: HF-DMPs are highly heterogeneous. New strategies for HF care should consider the present study highlights and clinical decision-making processes to improve HF patient care.

7.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 115(5): 1006-1043, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33295473
8.
Hajjar, Ludhmila Abrahão; Costa, Isabela Bispo Santos da Silva da; Lopes, Marcelo Antônio Cartaxo Queiroga; Hoff, Paulo Marcelo Gehm; Diz, Maria Del Pilar Estevez; Fonseca, Silvia Moulin Ribeiro; Bittar, Cristina Salvadori; Rehder, Marília Harumi Higuchi dos Santos; Rizk, Stephanie Itala; Almeida, Dirceu Rodrigues; Fernandes, Gustavo dos Santos; Beck-da-Silva, Luís; Campos, Carlos Augusto Homem de Magalhães; Montera, Marcelo Westerlund; Alves, Sílvia Marinho Martins; Fukushima, Júlia Tizue; Santos, Maria Verônica Câmara dos; Negrão, Carlos Eduardo; Silva, Thiago Liguori Feliciano da; Ferreira, Silvia Moreira Ayub; Malachias, Marcus Vinicius Bolivar; Moreira, Maria da Consolação Vieira; Valente Neto, Manuel Maria Ramos; Fonseca, Veronica Cristina Quiroga; Soeiro, Maria Carolina Feres de Almeida; Alves, Juliana Barbosa Sobral; Silva, Carolina Maria Pinto Domingues Carvalho; Sbano, João; Pavanello, Ricardo; Pinto, Ibraim Masciarelli F; Simão, Antônio Felipe; Dracoulakis, Marianna Deway Andrade; Hoff, Ana Oliveira; Assunção, Bruna Morhy Borges Leal; Novis, Yana; Testa, Laura; Alencar Filho, Aristóteles Comte de; Cruz, Cecília Beatriz Bittencourt Viana; Pereira, Juliana; Garcia, Diego Ribeiro; Nomura, Cesar Higa; Rochitte, Carlos Eduardo; Macedo, Ariane Vieira Scarlatelli; Marcatti, Patricia Tavares Felipe; Mathias Junior, Wilson; Wiermann, Evanius Garcia; Val, Renata do; Freitas, Helano; Coutinho, Anelisa; Mathias, Clarissa Maria de Cerqueira; Vieira, Fernando Meton de Alencar Camara; Sasse, André Deeke; Rocha, Vanderson; Ramires, José Antônio Franchini; Kalil Filho, Roberto.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 115(5): 1006-1043, nov. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Sec. Est. Saúde SP, CONASS, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1142267
10.
J Cachexia Sarcopenia Muscle ; 11(1): 89-102, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31743617

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The exercise intolerance in chronic heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) is mostly attributed to alterations in skeletal muscle. However, the mechanisms underlying the skeletal myopathy in patients with HFrEF are not completely understood. We hypothesized that (i) aerobic exercise training (AET) and inspiratory muscle training (IMT) would change skeletal muscle microRNA-1 expression and downstream-associated pathways in patients with HFrEF and (ii) AET and IMT would increase leg blood flow (LBF), functional capacity, and quality of life in these patients. METHODS: Patients age 35 to 70 years, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≤40%, New York Heart Association functional classes II-III, were randomized into control, IMT, and AET groups. Skeletal muscle changes were examined by vastus lateralis biopsy. LBF was measured by venous occlusion plethysmography, functional capacity by cardiopulmonary exercise test, and quality of life by Minnesota Living with Heart Failure Questionnaire. All patients were evaluated at baseline and after 4 months. RESULTS: Thirty-three patients finished the study protocol: control (n = 10; LVEF = 25 ± 1%; six males), IMT (n = 11; LVEF = 31 ± 2%; three males), and AET (n = 12; LVEF = 26 ± 2%; seven males). AET, but not IMT, increased the expression of microRNA-1 (P = 0.02; percent changes = 53 ± 17%), decreased the expression of PTEN (P = 0.003; percent changes = -15 ± 0.03%), and tended to increase the p-AKTser473 /AKT ratio (P = 0.06). In addition, AET decreased HDAC4 expression (P = 0.03; percent changes = -40 ± 19%) and upregulated follistatin (P = 0.01; percent changes = 174 ± 58%), MEF2C (P = 0.05; percent changes = 34 ± 15%), and MyoD expression (P = 0.05; percent changes = 47 ± 18%). AET also increased muscle cross-sectional area (P = 0.01). AET and IMT increased LBF, functional capacity, and quality of life. Further analyses showed a significant correlation between percent changes in microRNA-1 and percent changes in follistatin mRNA (P = 0.001, rho = 0.58) and between percent changes in follistatin mRNA and percent changes in peak VO2 (P = 0.004, rho = 0.51). CONCLUSIONS: AET upregulates microRNA-1 levels and decreases the protein expression of PTEN, which reduces the inhibitory action on the PI3K-AKT pathway that regulates the skeletal muscle tropism. The increased levels of microRNA-1 also decreased HDAC4 and increased MEF2c, MyoD, and follistatin expression, improving skeletal muscle regeneration. These changes associated with the increase in muscle cross-sectional area and LBF contribute to the attenuation in skeletal myopathy, and the improvement in functional capacity and quality of life in patients with HFrEF. IMT caused no changes in microRNA-1 and in the downstream-associated pathway. The increased functional capacity provoked by IMT seems to be associated with amelioration in the respiratory function instead of changes in skeletal muscle. ClinicalTrials.gov (Identifier: NCT01747395).

13.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 111(3): 436-539, 2018 09.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30379264
15.
Chest ; 154(4): 808-817, 2018 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30213463

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Exercise and CPAP improve OSA. This study examined the effects of exercise in patients with heart failure (HF) and OSA. METHODS: Patients with HF and OSA were randomized to the following study groups: control, exercise, CPAP, and exercise + CPAP. RESULTS: Sixty-five participants completed the protocol. Comparing baseline vs 3 months, the mean apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) did not change significantly (in events per hour) in the control group, decreased moderately in the exercise group (28 ± 17 to 18 ± 12; P < .03), and decreased significantly more in the CPAP group (32 ± 25 to 8 ± 11; P < .007) and in the exercise + CPAP group (25 ± 15 to 10 ± 16; P < .007). Peak oxygen consumption, muscle strength, and endurance improved only with exercise. Both exercise and CPAP improved subjective excessive daytime sleepiness, quality of life, and the New York Heart Association functional class. However, compared with the control group, changes in scores on the 36-item Medical Outcomes Study Short Form Survey and Minnesota Living with Heart Failure Questionnaire were only significant in the exercise groups. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with HF and OSA, our preliminary results showed that exercise alone attenuated OSA and improved quality of life more than CPAP. In the landscape treatment of OSA in patients with HF, this analysis is the only randomized trial showing any treatment (in this case, exercise) that improved all the studied parameters. The results highlight the important therapeutic benefits of exercise, particularly because adherence to CPAP is low.


Assuntos
Pressão Positiva Contínua nas Vias Aéreas , Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Exercício Físico/fisiologia , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Força Muscular/fisiologia , Consumo de Oxigênio/fisiologia , Polissonografia , Qualidade de Vida , Comportamento Sexual/fisiologia , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/complicações , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/fisiopatologia , Volume Sistólico , Inquéritos e Questionários , Resultado do Tratamento , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/complicações , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/terapia
16.
Rev. Soc. Cardiol. Estado de Säo Paulo ; 28(4): 434-439, out.-dez. 2018. ilus, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-970628

RESUMO

A insuficiência cardíaca aguda é a principal causa de hospitalização em pacientes acima de 65 anos, além de possuir altos índices de mortalidade hospitalar. Na sua abordagem terapêutica é mandatório um diagnóstico rápido e pronta caracterização do perfil hemodinâmico, baseando-se nos sinais clínicos de congestão e baixo débito cardíaco, para que possamos instituir a terapêutica com drogas endovenosas para alívio rápido dos sintomas, restabelecer a perfusão adequada dos órgãos e reduzir o risco de morte. As drogas a serem administradas de forma isolada ou em combinação são representadas pela furosemida endovenosa em infusão intermitente e contínua, dependendo do grau de congestão pulmonar e/ou sistêmica, as drogas vasodilatadoras e os agentes inotrópicos. As drogas vasodilatadoras, como o nitroprussiato de sódio e a nitroglicerina via endovenosa são, frequentemente, adicionadas aos diuréticos para o tratamento da insuficiência cardíaca aguda com perfil hemodinâmico B, promovendo estabilidade hemodinâmica mais rápida e pronto alívio da dispneia. O nitroprussiato de sódio é preferível nos pacientes com IC perfil B com níveis elevados de resistência vascular periférica e grave congestão pulmonar. Já a nitroglicerina é preferível nos pacientes com cardiopatia isquêmica ou com insuficiência coronariana aguda associada à insuficiência cardíaca. Os agentes inotrópicos positivos estão indicados nos pacientes com IC aguda e evidências de baixo débito cardíaco (perfil hemodinâmico C), a fim de garantir a melhora da perfusão tissular mediante aumento do débito cardíaco, principalmente, nos pacientes hipotensos e com piora da função renal. A associação de inotrópicos com vasodilatadores deve ser considerada quando existe a combinação de baixo débito cardíaco e aumento significativo de resistência vascular pulmonar e ou sistêmica


Acute heart failure is the leading cause of hospitalization in patients over 65 years of age and is accompanied by high hospital mortality rates. In its therapeutic approach, rapid diagnosis and prompt characterization of the hemodynamic profile based on clinical signs of congestion and low cardiac output are mandatory so that we can provide intravenous drug therapy for rapid symptom relief to restore adequate organ perfusion and reduce the risk of death. Drugs to be used alone or in combination are represented by intravenous furosemide in intermittent infusion and continue to depend on the degree of pulmonary and/or systemic congestion, vasodilator drugs, and inotropic agents. Vasodilator drugs, such as sodium nitroprusside and intravenous nitroglycerin, are often added to diuretics for the treatment of acute cardiac insufficiency with hemodynamic profile B, promoting faster hemodynamic stability and prompt relief of dyspnea. Sodium nitroprusside is preferable in patients with hemodynamic profile B with high peripheral vascular resistance and severe pulmonary congestion. Nitroglycerin is preferable in patients with ischemic heart disease or acute coronary insufficiency associated with heart failure (HF). Positive inotropic agents are indicated in patients with acute HF and evidence of low cardiac output (hemodynamic profile C) to ensure improvement in tissue perfusion by increasing cardiac output, especially in patients with hypotension and worsening renal function. The association of inotropes and vasodilators should be considered when there is a combination of low cardiac output and significant increase in pulmonary and/or systemic vascular resistance


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Vasodilatadores/uso terapêutico , Doença Aguda , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Terapêutica , Cardiotônicos , Doenças Cardiovasculares , Diuréticos/uso terapêutico , Dobutamina/uso terapêutico , Hemodinâmica
17.
Clin Rehabil ; 32(1): 66-74, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28633534

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of a short-term neuromuscular electrical stimulation program on exercise tolerance in hospitalized patients with advanced heart failure who have suffered an acute decompensation and are under continuous intravenous inotropic support. DESIGN: A randomized controlled study. SUBJECTS: Initially, 195 patients hospitalized for decompensated heart failure were recruited, but 70 were randomized. INTERVENTION: Patients were randomized into two groups: control group subject to the usual care ( n = 35); neuromuscular electrical stimulation group ( n = 35) received daily training sessions to both lower extremities for around two weeks. MAIN MEASURES: The baseline 6-minute walk test to determine functional capacity was performed 24 hours after hospital admission, and intravenous inotropic support dose was daily checked in all patients. The outcomes were measured in two weeks or at the discharge if the patients were sent back home earlier than two weeks. RESULTS: After losses of follow-up, a total of 49 patients were included and considered for final analysis (control group, n = 25 and neuromuscular electrical stimulation group, n = 24). The neuromuscular electrical stimulation group presented with a higher 6-minute walk test distance compared to the control group after the study protocol (293 ± 34.78 m vs. 265.8 ± 48.53 m, P < 0.001, respectively). Neuromuscular electrical stimulation group also demonstrated a significantly higher dose reduction of dobutamine compared to control group after the study protocol (2.72 ± 1.72 µg/kg/min vs. 3.86 ± 1.61 µg/kg/min, P = 0.001, respectively). CONCLUSION: A short-term inpatient neuromuscular electrical stimulation rehabilitation protocol improved exercise tolerance and reduced intravenous inotropic support necessity in patients with advanced heart failure suffering a decompensation episode.


Assuntos
Cardiotônicos/administração & dosagem , Terapia por Estimulação Elétrica , Tolerância ao Exercício/fisiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Hospitalização , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento , Teste de Caminhada
18.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 34(4): 553-560, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29098525

RESUMO

Heart failure (HF) is associated with morbidity and mortality. Real-time three-dimensional echocardiography (RT3DE) may offer additional prognostic data in patients with HF. The study aimed to evaluate the prognostic value of real-time three-dimensional echocardiography (RT3DE). This is a prospective study that included 89 patients with HF and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) < 0.50 who were followed for 48 months. Left atrium and ventricular volumes and functions were evaluated by RT3DE. TDI and two-dimensional echocardiography parameters were also obtained. The endpoint was a composite of death, heart transplantation and hospitalization for acute decompensated HF. The mean age was 55 ± 11 years, and the LVEF was 0.32 ± 0.10. The composite endpoint occurred in 49 patients (18 deaths, 30 hospitalizations, one heart transplant). Patients with outcomes had greater left atrial volume (40 ± 16 vs. 32 ± 12 mL/m2; p < 0.01) and right ventricle diameter (41 ± 9 vs. 37 ± 8 mm, p = 0.01), worse total emptying fraction of the left atrium (36 ± 13% vs. 41 ± 11%; p = 0.03), LVEF (0.30 ± 0.09 vs. 0.34 ± 0.11; p = 0.02), right ventricle fractional area change (34.8 ± 12.1% vs. 39.2 ± 11.3%; p = 0.04), and greater E/e' ratio (19 ± 9 vs. 16 ± 8; p = 0.04) and systolic pulmonary artery pressure (SPAP) (50 ± 15 vs. 36 ± 11 mmHg; p < 0.01). In multivariate analysis, LVEF (OR 4.6; CI 95% 1.2-17.6; p < 0.01) and SPAP (OR 12.5; CI 95% 1.8-86.9; p < 0.01) were independent predictors of patient outcomes. LVEF and the SPAP were independent predictors of outcomes in patients with HF.


Assuntos
Ecocardiografia Doppler em Cores , Ecocardiografia Tridimensional , Insuficiência Cardíaca Sistólica/diagnóstico por imagem , Hemodinâmica , Adulto , Idoso , Área Sob a Curva , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca Sistólica/mortalidade , Insuficiência Cardíaca Sistólica/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca Sistólica/terapia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Razão de Chances , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Curva ROC , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Fatores de Risco , Volume Sistólico , Fatores de Tempo , Função Ventricular Esquerda
19.
Circ Heart Fail ; 9(11)2016 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28029639

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is common in patients with heart failure (HF), and hypoxia and hypercapnia episodes activate chemoreceptors stimulating autonomic reflex responses. We tested the hypothesis that muscle vasoconstriction and muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) in response to hypoxia and hypercapnia would be more pronounced in patients with HF and SDB than in patients with HF without SDB (NoSBD). METHODS AND RESULTS: Ninety consecutive patients with HF, New York Heart Association functional class II-III, and left ventricular ejection fraction ≤40% were screened for the study. Forty-one patients were enrolled: NoSDB (n=13, 46 [39-53] years) and SDB (n=28, 57 [54-61] years). SDB was characterized by apnea-hypopnea index ≥15 events per hour (polysomnography). Peripheral (10% O2 and 90% N2, with CO2 titrated) and central (7% CO2 and 93% O2) chemoreceptors were stimulated for 3 minutes. Forearm and calf blood flow were evaluated by venous occlusion plethysmography, MSNA by microneurography, and blood pressure by beat-to-beat noninvasive technique. Baseline forearm blood flow, forearm vascular conductance, calf blood flow, and calf vascular conductance were similar between groups. MSNA was higher in the SDB group. During hypoxia, the vascular responses (forearm blood flow, forearm vascular conductance, calf blood flow, and calf vascular conductance) were significantly lower in the SDB group compared with the NoSDB group (P<0.01 to all comparisons). Similarly, during hypercapnia, the vascular responses (forearm blood flow, forearm vascular conductance, calf blood flow, and calf vascular conductance) were significantly lower in the SDB group compared with the NoSDB group (P<0.001 to all comparisons). MSNA were higher in response to hypoxia (P=0.024) and tended to be higher to hypercapnia (P=0.066) in the SDB group. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with HF and SDB have more severe muscle vasoconstriction during hypoxia and hypercapnia than HF patients without SDB, which seems to be associated with endothelial dysfunction and, in part, increased MSNA response.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca Sistólica/fisiopatologia , Hipercapnia/fisiopatologia , Hipóxia/fisiopatologia , Músculo Esquelético/irrigação sanguínea , Síndromes da Apneia do Sono/fisiopatologia , Sistema Nervoso Simpático/fisiopatologia , Vasoconstrição , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Células Quimiorreceptoras/metabolismo , Teste de Esforço , Feminino , Antebraço , Insuficiência Cardíaca Sistólica/complicações , Insuficiência Cardíaca Sistólica/metabolismo , Humanos , Hipercapnia/metabolismo , Hipóxia/metabolismo , Perna (Membro) , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Músculo Esquelético/inervação , Músculo Esquelético/metabolismo , Pletismografia , Polissonografia , Síndromes da Apneia do Sono/complicações , Síndromes da Apneia do Sono/metabolismo , Volume Sistólico
20.
Braz J Cardiovasc Surg ; 31(5): 389-395, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27982348

RESUMO

Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of a cycle ergometer exercise program on exercise capacity and inspiratory muscle function in hospitalized patients with heart failure awaiting heart transplantation with intravenous inotropic support. Methods: Patients awaiting heart transplantation were randomized and allocated prospectively into two groups: 1) Control Group (n=11) - conventional protocol; and 2) Intervention Group (n=7) - stationary cycle ergometer exercise training. Functional capacity was measured by the six-minute walk test and inspiratory muscle strength assessed by manovacuometry before and after the exercise protocols. Results: Both groups demonstrated an increase in six-minute walk test distance after the experimental procedure compared to baseline; however, only the intervention group had a significant increase (P =0.08 and P =0.001 for the control and intervention groups, respectively). Intergroup comparison revealed a greater increase in the intervention group compared to the control (P <0.001). Regarding the inspiratory muscle strength evaluation, the intragroup analysis demonstrated increased strength after the protocols compared to baseline for both groups; statistical significance was only demonstrated for the intervention group, though (P =0.22 and P <0.01, respectively). Intergroup comparison showed a significant increase in the intervention group compared to the control (P <0.01). Conclusion: Stationary cycle ergometer exercise training shows positive results on exercise capacity and inspiratory muscle strength in patients with heart failure awaiting cardiac transplantation while on intravenous inotropic support.


Assuntos
Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Tolerância ao Exercício/fisiologia , Volume Expiratório Forçado/fisiologia , Transplante de Coração , Capacidade Inspiratória/fisiologia , Força Muscular/fisiologia , Músculos Respiratórios/fisiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Ergometria , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Projetos Piloto , Estudos Prospectivos , Adulto Jovem
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