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J Nerv Ment Dis ; 192(11): 792-5, 2004 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15505526


In the present investigation, we compared the impact of illness on quality of life (QOL) in adult outpatients with unipolar (N = 89) and bipolar (N = 25) depression. While attending a university hospital in southern Brazil, patients completed the WHO's QOL Instrument-Short Version and the Beck Depression Inventory. After analyses, patients with bipolar depression reported significantly lower scores on the psychological QOL domain (p = .013) than patients with unipolar depression. There were no significant differences between the study groups in terms of social and demographic variables, in the other QOL domains assessed (i.e., physical health, social relationships, and environmental), and in the severity of depressive symptoms. In conclusion, our findings suggest that patients with bipolar and unipolar depressions have different QOL profiles, and that this difference is probably independent of the severity of the mood disturbance and might be related to the higher rates of suicide observed in the bipolar population.

Transtorno Bipolar/diagnóstico , Transtorno Depressivo/diagnóstico , Qualidade de Vida , Adulto , Idoso , Transtorno Bipolar/psicologia , Transtorno Depressivo/psicologia , Feminino , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inventário de Personalidade , Inquéritos e Questionários