Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 94
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Tipo de estudo
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Gen Dent ; 67(1): 36-41, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30644829

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to utilize cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) to evaluate the posterior slope of the articular eminence and the lateral slope of the mandibular fossa in relation to the cusp-fossa angle of the first molars. The evaluation included 93 CBCT images from 93 patients aged 16-30 years. The angle of the posterior slope of the articular eminence was determined from the intersection of a line tangent to the uppermost point of the mandibular fossa and another line tangent to the slope of the anterior wall of the mandibular fossa. The angle of the mandibular fossa slope was determined from the intersection of a line tangent to the most superior point of the mandibular fossa and another line tangent to the slope of the lateral wall of the mandibular fossa. The cusp-fossa relationship of the maxillary and mandibular first molars was also verified on the CBCTs. There was a correlation between the angles of the mandibular left first molar fossa and the lateral slope of the left mandibular fossa. There was also a correlation between the cusp height of the mandibular left first molar and the angle of the lateral slope of the right mandibular fossa. Dentists should consider anatomical factors during restorative, prosthodontic, and orthodontic treatment planning, especially for treatment that will affect the molars, to prevent the development of occlusal interferences that can trigger temporomandibular disorders.


Assuntos
Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Dente Molar , Adolescente , Adulto , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Maxila , Dente Molar/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto Jovem
2.
Gen Dent ; 66(3): 38-40, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29714698

RESUMO

To avoid complications, the intimate relation between the maxillary sinus and dental roots deserves attention during surgical procedures. Accidental introduction of foreign bodies, such as dental implants, may irritate the maxillary sinus mucosa, causing sinusitis. Cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) has been proven to be suitable for diagnosis in these cases by providing the exact location of the foreign body. The present article reports 3 cases of foreign bodies inside the maxillary sinus associated with inflammatory processes. Imaging examinations, such as CBCT, are an important tool to assist dentists in diagnosing the presence of foreign bodies in the interior of the maxillary sinus.


Assuntos
Corpos Estranhos/diagnóstico por imagem , Seio Maxilar , Adulto , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Implantação Dentária/efeitos adversos , Implantes Dentários/efeitos adversos , Instrumentos Odontológicos/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Corpos Estranhos/diagnóstico , Corpos Estranhos/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Seio Maxilar/diagnóstico por imagem , Seio Maxilar/cirurgia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
3.
RGO (Porto Alegre) ; 65(2): 180-184, Apr.-June 2017. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-896009

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Fibrous dysplasia is a benign fibrous-osseous lesion in which normal bone is replaced by fibrous connective tissue and immature bone, affecting only one (monostotic) or several bones (polyostotic) and mainly occurring in children and young adults. When present in facial bones, the maxilla is more frequently involved than the mandible, which can cause facial asymmetry in addition to dental complications. In the image exams, the main characteristic of fibrous dysplasia is its unpolished glass appearance. Computed tomography is the ideal method for evaluating this lesion and its relationship with adjacent structures. The use of conventional radiography, due to the overlapping of anatomical structures, makes it difficult to delineate the extension of the lesion. The present study is aimed at guiding dentist-surgeons on the main imaging characteristics of fibrous dysplasia by describing a case of a female 10-year-old patient presenting with this lesion in the maxilla.


RESUMO A displasia fibrosa é uma lesão fibro-óssea benigna em que o osso normal é substituído por tecido conjuntivo fibroso e osso imaturo, podendo afetar um único osso (monostótica) ou vários ossos (poliostótica), ocorrendo principalmente em crianças e adultos jovens. Quando presente nos ossos faciais, a maxila é envolvida com mais frequência que a mandíbula, podendo causar assimetria facial, além de complicações odontológicas. Nos exames por imagem a característica principal da displasia fibrosa é a aparência de vidro despolido. A tomografia computadorizada é o método ideal para avaliação dessa lesão e relação com estruturas adjacentes. A radiografia convencional, devido a sobreposição de estruturas anatômicas, torna difícil a delimitação da extensão da lesão. O presente estudo teve como objetivo apresentar o relato de caso de um paciente do sexo feminino, 10 anos de idade, com presença de displasia fibrosa na maxila, objetivando orientar os cirurgiões-dentistas com relação às principais características imaginológicas dessa lesão.

4.
Braz Oral Res ; 302016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26981750

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to perform a microcomputed tomographic evaluation of the radioprotective effect of resveratrol on the volume of mandibular incisors of irradiated rats. A second aim was to make a quantitative assessment of the effect of x-ray exposure on these dental tissues. Twenty adult male rats were divided into four groups: control, irradiated control, resveratrol, and irradiated resveratrol. The resveratrol groups received 100 mg/kg of resveratrol, whereas the irradiated groups were exposed to 15 Gy of irradiation. The animals were sacrificed 30 days after the irradiation procedure, and their mandibles were removed and scanned in a microcomputed tomography unit. The images were loaded into Mimics software to allow segmentation of the mandibular incisor and assessment of its volume. The results were compared by One-way ANOVA and Tukey's post hoc test, considering a 5% significance level. The irradiated groups showed significantly diminished volumes of the evaluated teeth, as compared with the control group (p < 0.05). The resveratrol group presented higher values than those of the irradiated groups, and volumes similar to those of the control group. High radiation doses significantly affected tooth formation, resulting in alterations in the dental structure, and thus lower volumes. Moreover, resveratrol showed no effective radioprotective impact on dental tissues. Future studies are needed to evaluate different concentrations of this substance, in an endeavor to verify its potential as a radioprotector for these dental tissues.


Assuntos
Incisivo/efeitos da radiação , Mandíbula/efeitos da radiação , Lesões Experimentais por Radiação/prevenção & controle , Protetores contra Radiação/farmacologia , Estilbenos/farmacologia , Microtomografia por Raio-X/métodos , Animais , Imageamento Tridimensional , Incisivo/diagnóstico por imagem , Incisivo/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Mandíbula/diagnóstico por imagem , Mandíbula/efeitos dos fármacos , Odontogênese/efeitos da radiação , Lesões Experimentais por Radiação/diagnóstico por imagem , Ratos Wistar , Resveratrol , Fatores de Tempo
6.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 30(1): e168, 2016. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-951995

RESUMO

Abstract The purpose of this study was to perform a microcomputed tomographic evaluation of the radioprotective effect of resveratrol on the volume of mandibular incisors of irradiated rats. A second aim was to make a quantitative assessment of the effect of x-ray exposure on these dental tissues. Twenty adult male rats were divided into four groups: control, irradiated control, resveratrol, and irradiated resveratrol. The resveratrol groups received 100 mg/kg of resveratrol, whereas the irradiated groups were exposed to 15 Gy of irradiation. The animals were sacrificed 30 days after the irradiation procedure, and their mandibles were removed and scanned in a microcomputed tomography unit. The images were loaded into Mimics software to allow segmentation of the mandibular incisor and assessment of its volume. The results were compared by One-way ANOVA and Tukey's post hoc test, considering a 5% significance level. The irradiated groups showed significantly diminished volumes of the evaluated teeth, as compared with the control group (p < 0.05). The resveratrol group presented higher values than those of the irradiated groups, and volumes similar to those of the control group. High radiation doses significantly affected tooth formation, resulting in alterations in the dental structure, and thus lower volumes. Moreover, resveratrol showed no effective radioprotective impact on dental tissues. Future studies are needed to evaluate different concentrations of this substance, in an endeavor to verify its potential as a radioprotector for these dental tissues.

7.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 14(3): 182-185, July-Sept. 2015. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: lil-770539

RESUMO

Abstract Aim: To evaluate the relationship between palatal bone height and facial types using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) images. Methods: The study sample consisted of 110 CBCT images. Subjects aged 18 to 35 years old were classified as brachyfacial, mesofacial and dolichofacial, according to SN.GoGn angle, measured in cephalometric analysis with Nemotec 3D software. Three observers evaluated the bone height of the palate in the anterior region, at the level of the maxillary first premolars. The measurements were performed in sagittal and coronal views, in median and paramedian regions of the palate, also using Nemotec 3D software. Measurements were repeated after 15 days on 25% of the sample to analyse intra and interobserver agreements by CCI test. Analysis of variance was performed to calculate statistical differences between the bone heights of the three facial types, with a significance level of 5%. Results: The correlation level of intra-observer agreement was excellent. No significant differences were observed between the palatal bone height in the region of first premolars and the different facial types (p>0.05). Conclusions: Based on CBCT evaluations, there is no association between palatal bone height and facial morphological patterns.

8.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 14(2): 141-148, Apr.-June 2015. tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-755041

RESUMO

Aim: To compare the qualitative and quantitative information yielded by imaging modalities on the evaluation of the relationship between the maxillary sinus and the apices of posterior teeth. Methods: Three oral radiologists examined 109 panoramic radiographs and cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images obtained from a digital archive. A total of 1,875 apices were classified according to their topographic relationship in both imaging modalities. Agreements between the two imaging techniques were examined statistically. The evaluation was repeated in 25% of the sample to statistically evaluate the intraobserver agreement, with a 30-day interval. Results: The values found in the Kappa test for qualitative assessment and the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) for quantitative assessment showed nearly perfect and excellent correlation, respectively. Regarding the correlation between the two images, the Kappa test in the quality assessment showed a slight correlation between the palatal roots of the right first molars and second molars. Moreover, the quantitative evaluation by ICC showed poor agreement for the palatal roots of the left first molar and second molar, as well as for the buccomesial of the right second molars and for the buccodistal of the left second molars.Conclusions: There is low correlation between panoramic radiography and CBCT when roots are in contact or above the maxillary sinus floor. A high level of agreement was observed when roots are below the maxillary sinus floor.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Ápice Dentário , Radiografia Panorâmica/métodos , Seio Maxilar , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico/métodos
9.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 29(1): 1-7, 2015. tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-777175

RESUMO

Three-dimensional imaging modalities have been reported to be more accurate than panoramic radiographs (PR) for the assessment of bone components of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). No exact prior information is available that demonstrates which specific limitations occur in terms of TMJ diagnosis when using PR for this purpose. This study aimed to assess the clinical validity of digital panoramic radiography (DPR) when diagnosing morphological disorders of the TMJ using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images as the gold standard. A sample composed of TMJ images (N = 848), including 212 DPR and 212 CBCT images obtained from the same patient, was used to assess any morphological changes in the TMJ. Four appraisers diagnosed all of the DPR images, whereas the CBCT images were used to establish the gold standard. The reliability of each appraiser’s response pattern was analyzed using the Kappa test (κ), and diagnostic tests were performed to assess each appraiser’s performance using a significance level setting of 5% (α = 0.05). Reliability of each appraiser’s response pattern compared to the gold standard ranged from a slight-to-moderate agreement (0.18 ≤ κ ≤ 0.45); and among the different appraisers, the response pattern showed a fair agreement (0.22 ≤ κ ≤ 0.39). Diagnostic tests showed a wide range among the different possible morphological changes diagnosed. DPR does not have validity when diagnosing morphological changes in the TMJ; it underestimates the radiological findings with higher prevalence, and thus, it cannot be used effectively as a diagnostic tool for bone components within this region.


Assuntos
Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico/normas , Radiografia Dentária Digital/normas , Radiografia Panorâmica/normas , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular , Brasil/epidemiologia , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico/métodos , Imageamento Tridimensional/métodos , Imageamento Tridimensional/normas , Registros Médicos , Côndilo Mandibular , Prevalência , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Radiografia Dentária Digital/métodos , Radiografia Panorâmica/métodos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular/epidemiologia
10.
Stomatos ; 20(39): 4-10, Jul.-Dec. 2014. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: lil-778314

RESUMO

Multicystic ameloblastoma is a clinical variant of ameloblastoma. It is often locally aggressive with significant impact on patient morbidity and mortality. Ameloblastoma is often asymptomatic and is usually detected as an incidental finding during routine dental examinations. It presents slow and persistent growth; in some cases a gradual expansion of the jaw producing facial asymmetry may be noticed . Although the occurrence is rare, ameloblastomas can exhibit malignant behavior and metastasize. Clinical evaluation includes careful review of the patient's medical history and physical examination of the head and neck region. Radiographic imaging techniques are useful for locating the lesion, estimating its dimensions and assessing its effects on adjacent structures. Management of ameloblastoma is a challenge for all involved in the field of head and neck surgery. The aim of this paper was therefore to describe the tomographic features of a multicystic granular cell ameloblastoma in a 40-year-old white male patient.


O ameloblastoma multicístico é uma variante clínica do ameloblastoma, muitas vezes localmente agressivo, com significante aumento de morbidade e mortalidade. O ameloblastoma é frequentemente assintomático, sendo identificado incidentalmente durante exames odontológicos de rotina. Trata-se de uma lesão de crescimento lento e persistente, podendo ser notada, em alguns casos, uma expansão gradual da mandíbula, produzindo assimetria facial. Ameloblastomas raramente apresentam um comportamento maligno. A avaliação clínica inclui uma revisão cuidadosa da história clínica do paciente, bem como exame físico da cabeça e pescoço. Modalidades de imagens radiográficas são úteis para localizar a lesão, avaliar suas dimensões e os efeitos sobre as estruturas adjacentes. O manejo da lesão representa um desafio para todos os profissionais envolvidos na área de cirurgia de cabeça e pescoço. Assim, o objetivo deste trabalho foi descrever as características tomográficas de um ameloblastoma multicístico de células granulares em um paciente do sexo masculino, leucoderma, de 40 anos de idade.

11.
Stomatos ; 20(39): 4-10, Jul.-Dec. 2014. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-784023

RESUMO

O ameloblastoma multicístico é uma variante clínica do ameloblastoma, muitas vezes localmente agressivo, com significante aumento de morbidade e mortalidade. O ameloblastoma é frequentemente assintomático, sendo identificado incidentalmente durante exames odontológicos de rotina. Trata-se de uma lesão de crescimento lento e persistente, podendo ser notada, em alguns casos, uma expansão gradual da mandíbula, produzindo assimetria facial. Ameloblastomas raramente apresentam um comportamento maligno. A avaliação clínica inclui uma revisão cuidadosa da história clínica do paciente, bem como exame físico da cabeça e pescoço. Modalidades de imagens radiográficas são úteis para localizar a lesão, avaliar suas dimensões e os efeitos sobre as estruturas adjacentes. O manejo da lesão representa um desafio para todos os profissionais envolvidos na área de cirurgia de cabeça e pescoço. Assim, o objetivo deste trabalho foi descrever as características tomográficas de um ameloblastoma multicístico de células granulares em um paciente do sexo masculino, leucoderma, de 40 anos de idade...


Multicystic ameloblastoma is a clinical variant of ameloblastoma. It is often locally aggressive with significant impact on patient morbidity and mortality. Ameloblastoma is often asymptomatic and is usually detected as an incidental finding during routine dental examinations. It presents slow and persistent growth; in some cases a gradual expansion of the jaw producing facial asymmetry may be noticed . Although the occurrence is rare, ameloblastomas can exhibit malignant behavior and metastasize. Clinical evaluation includes careful review of the patient's medical history and physical examination of the head and neck region. Radiographic imaging techniques are useful for locating the lesion, estimating its dimensions and assessing its effects on adjacent structures. Management of ameloblastoma is a challenge for all involved in the field of head and neck surgery. The aim of this paper was therefore to describe the tomographic features of a multicystic granular cell ameloblastoma in a 40-year-old white male patient...


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Adulto , Ameloblastoma , Tumor de Células Granulares , Radiografia Dentária , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
12.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 13(2): 104-108, Apr-Jun/2014. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-715611

RESUMO

AIM: To assess which slice inclination would be more accurate in measuring sites for implant placement: the oblique or the orthoradial slice. METHODS: Five regions of eight edentulous mandibles were selected (incisor, canine, premolar, first molar and second molar). The mandibles were scanned with a Next Generation i-CAT CBCT unit. Two previously calibrated oral radiologists performed vertical measurements in all the selected regions using both the oblique and orthoradial slices. The mandibles were sectioned in all the evaluated regions in order to obtain the gold standard. The Wilcoxon signed rank test compared the measurements obtained in the oblique and orthoradial slices with the gold standard. RESULTS: The bone height measurements for the first and second molar regions using the orthoradial slices were statistically different from the gold standard. CONCLUSIONS: Using the orthoradial slices to obtain cross-sectional images may offer insufficient accuracy for implant placement in the posterior region...


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários , Mandíbula , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico/métodos
13.
Braz Dent J ; 24(3): 183-7, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23969903

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the radioprotective effect of vitamin E on rat parotid glands by morphometric analysis. Sixty male rats were divided into 5 groups (n=6): control, in which animals received olive oil solution; olive oil/irradiated, in which animals received olive oil and were irradiated with a dose of 15 Gy of gamma radiation; irradiated, in which animals were irradiated with a dose of 15 Gy gamma radiation; vitamin E, which received α-tocopherol acetate solution; vitamin E/irradiated, which received α-tocopherol acetate solution before irradiation with a dose of 15 Gy gamma rays. Half of the animals were euthanized at 8 h, and the remaining at 30 days after irradiation. Both parotid glands were surgically removed and morphometric analysis of acinar cells was performed. Data were subjected to two-way ANOVA and Tukey's test (α=0.05). Morphometric analysis showed a significant reduction in the number of parotid acinar cells at 30 days in olive oil/irradiated and irradiated groups. In groups evaluated over time a significant reduction was shown at 30 days in olive oil/irradiated and irradiated groups, indicating that ionizing radiation caused tissue damage. The vitamin E/irradiated group presented more acinar cells than the irradiated group, but no statistically significant difference was observed (p>0.05). In conclusion, vitamin E seems to have failed as a radioprotective agent on acinar cells in rat parotid glands.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/uso terapêutico , Glândula Parótida/efeitos da radiação , Protetores contra Radiação/uso terapêutico , Vitamina E/uso terapêutico , Animais , Atrofia , Raios gama , Masculino , Tamanho do Órgão , Glândula Parótida/efeitos dos fármacos , Glândula Parótida/patologia , Doses de Radiação , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Ductos Salivares/efeitos dos fármacos , Ductos Salivares/patologia , Ductos Salivares/efeitos da radiação , Fatores de Tempo
14.
Braz. dent. j ; 24(3): 183-187, May-Jun/2013. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-681871

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the radioprotective effect of vitamin E on rat parotid glands by morphometric analysis. Sixty male rats were divided into 5 groups (n=6): control, in which animals received olive oil solution; olive oil/irradiated, in which animals received olive oil and were irradiated with a dose of 15 Gy of gamma radiation; irradiated, in which animals were irradiated with a dose of 15 Gy gamma radiation; vitamin E, which received α-tocopherol acetate solution; vitamin E/irradiated, which received α-tocopherol acetate solution before irradiation with a dose of 15 Gy gamma rays. Half of the animals were euthanized at 8 h, and the remaining at 30 days after irradiation. Both parotid glands were surgically removed and morphometric analysis of acinar cells was performed. Data were subjected to two-way ANOVA and Tukey's test (α=0.05). Morphometric analysis showed a significant reduction in the number of parotid acinar cells at 30 days in olive oil/irradiated and irradiated groups. In groups evaluated over time a significant reduction was shown at 30 days in olive oil/irradiated and irradiated groups, indicating that ionizing radiation caused tissue damage. The vitamin E/irradiated group presented more acinar cells than the irradiated group, but no statistically significant difference was observed (p>0.05). In conclusion, vitamin E seems to have failed as a radioprotective agent on acinar cells in rat parotid glands.


O objetivo neste estudo foi avaliar o efeito radioprotetor da vitamina E sobre glândulas parótidas de ratos por meio de análise morfométrica. Sessenta ratos machos foram divididos em cinco grupos: controle, no qual os animais receberam solução de óleo de oliva; óleo de oliva irradiado, em que os animais receberam óleo de oliva e foram irradiados com uma dose de 15 Gy de radiação gama; irradiado, em que os animais foram irradiados com uma dose de 15 Gy de radiação gama; vitamina E, no qual receberam solução de acetato α-tocoferol; vitamina E irradiado, os quais receberam solução de acetato de α-tocoferol antes da irradiação com uma dose de 15 Gy de radiação gama. Metade dos animais foi eutanasiada em 8 h, e o restante aos 30 dias após a irradiação. Ambas as glândulas parótidas foram removidas cirurgicamente e análise morfométrica das células acinares foi realizada. Os dados foram submetidos à Análise de Variância com 2 fatores e teste de Tukey (α=0,05). A análise morfométrica mostrou uma redução significativa no número de células acinares da glândula parótida aos 30 dias nos grupos óleo irradiado e irradiado. Nos grupos avaliados ao longo do tempo uma redução significativa foi mostrada aos 30 dias nos grupos óleo irradiado e irradiado, indicando que a radiação ionizante causou danos teciduais. O grupo vitamina E/irradiado apresentou mais células acinares que o grupo irradiado, mas diferença estatisticamente significante não foi observada. Em conclusão, a vitamina E parece ter fracassado como um agente radioprotetor nas células acinares das glândulas parótidas de ratos.


Assuntos
Animais , Masculino , Ratos , Antioxidantes/uso terapêutico , Glândula Parótida/efeitos da radiação , Protetores contra Radiação/uso terapêutico , Vitamina E/uso terapêutico , Atrofia , Raios gama , Tamanho do Órgão , Glândula Parótida/efeitos dos fármacos , Glândula Parótida/patologia , Doses de Radiação , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos Wistar , Ductos Salivares/efeitos dos fármacos , Ductos Salivares/patologia , Ductos Salivares/efeitos da radiação , Fatores de Tempo
15.
Angle Orthod ; 82(1): 3-7, 2012 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21787198

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To test the null hypothesis that there is no difference in mandibular growth between growing rats with posterior functional mandibular displacement and growing rats without functional mandibular displacement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty female Wistar rats (5 weeks old) were randomized into two groups: (1) control and (2) mandible posterior displacement in the occluded condition induced by an occlusal guiding appliance. After 8 weeks all animals were sacrificed, cone beam computed tomography scan images of the heads were taken using the classic I-CAT, and acrylic rapid-prototyped templates of the mandibles were constructed. Mandibular length, ramus height, and intercondylar distance were measured. Mandibular length and ramus height were submitted to the two-way analysis of variance, while intercondylar distance was analyzed by nonpaired Student's t-test. RESULTS: Mandibular length was bigger (P < .0001) in the control than in the experimental group, but no significant difference was found between the left and right sides (P  =  .9380). No significant differences were observed for ramus height and intercondylar distance. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study demonstrated that functional posterior displacement of the mandible in growing rats resulted in shorter mandibular length.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão/fisiopatologia , Mandíbula/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Desenvolvimento Maxilofacial/fisiologia , Articulação Temporomandibular/fisiopatologia , Animais , Cefalometria , Feminino , Mandíbula/anatomia & histologia , Placas Oclusais , Tamanho do Órgão , Ortodontia Preventiva , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Estresse Mecânico , Articulação Temporomandibular/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
16.
Braz. dent. j ; 23(6): 703-706, 2012. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-662430

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to assess the applicability of gray scale inversion in performing digital linear endodontic measurements. Standardized digital images were taken of 40 extracted human permanent single-rooted teeth with K-files size 15 placed at different lengths in the root canal, using the CDR Wireless® digital system. All images were treated with Positive, a digital tool that inverts the grayscale value. Eight radiologists measured the distance between the lower limit of the rubber stop and the tip of the file on both original and positive images. After 15 days, they repeated this procedure in 50% of the image samples. The intra- and inter-examiner agreement was analyzed by intraclass correlation test, and the comparison between the two image groups and the actual lengths by the Student's t-test (α=0.05). Intra- and inter-examiner evaluation showed high reproducibility (r>0.95) of both original and positive images. No statistically significant differences (p>0.05) were found between measurements performed on original and positive images, but both differed significantly from the actual lengths (p<0.05). Gray scale inversion has low applicability in measuring endodontic files, since it did not improve the accuracy of measurements.


O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a aplicabilidade da inversão da escala de cinza na realização de mensurações endodônticas lineares digitais. Quarenta dentes unirradiculares humanos extraídos foram radiografados com limas K tamanho 15 posicionadas no canal radicular em diferentes comprimentos, usando o sistema digital CDR Wireless®. Todas as imagens foram tratadas com Positive, uma ferramenta digital que inverte os valores da escala de cinza. Oito radiologistas mediram a distância entre o limite inferior do stop de borracha e a ponta da lima endodôntica nas imagens originais e positivas. Após quinze dias, eles repetiram esse procedimento em 50% da amostra. A concordância intra- e interobservador foi analisada pelo teste de correlação intraclasse e a comparação entre os dois grupos de imagem e os valores reais, pelo teste t-Student (α=0,05). A análise intra- e interobservador apresentou elevada reprodutibilidade (r>0,95) das imagens original e Positive. Não foi encontrada diferença (p>0,05) entre as medidas realizadas nas imagens original e positiva, mas ambas diferiram dos valores reais (p<0,05). A inversão da escala de cinza tem baixa aplicabilidade na realização de mensuração endodôntica, considerando que as medidas não se apresentaram mais acuradas.


Assuntos
Humanos , Cavidade Pulpar , Odontometria/métodos , Radiografia Dentária Digital/métodos , Ápice Dentário , Cavidade Pulpar/anatomia & histologia , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador/estatística & dados numéricos , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Odontometria/estatística & dados numéricos , Imagens de Fantasmas , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Radiografia Dentária Digital/estatística & dados numéricos , Preparo de Canal Radicular/instrumentação , Software , Ápice Dentário/anatomia & histologia
17.
Braz. dent. j ; 23(6): 723-728, 2012. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-662434

RESUMO

This studyevaluated protection by selenium (Se) in the bone repair process in ovariectomized rats after irradiation. For such purpose, 80 ovariectomized female Wistar rats were randomly divided into 4 experimental groups: ovariectomized (Ov), Ov/Se, Ov/irradiated (Irr) and Ov/ Se/Irr. A bone defect was created on the tibia of all animals 40 days after ovariectomy. Two days after surgery, only the Ov/Se and Ov/Se/Irr rats received 0.8 mg Se/kg. Three days after surgery, only the Ov/Irr and Ov/Se/Irr rats received 10 Gy of x-rays on the lower limb region. The animals were euthanized at 7, 14, 21 and 28 days after surgery to assess the repair process, which was evaluated by analysis of trabecular bone number (Masson Trichrome) and birefringence analysis (Picrosirius). It was possible to observe a delay in the bone repair process in the ovariectomized/irradiated group and similarity between the ovariectomized, Ov/Se and Ov/Se/Irr groups. In conclusion, sodium selenite exerted a radioprotective effect in the bone repair of tibia of ovariectomized rats without toxicity.


Esse estudo avaliou a proteção do selênio no processo de reparação óssea em ratas ovariectomizadas após irradiação. Para isso, 80 ratas Wistar foram divididas aleatoriamente em 4 grupos experimentais: ovariectomizado, ovariectomizado/selênio, ovariectomizado/irradiado e ovariectomizado/selênio/irradiado. Foi realizado um defeito ósseo na tíbia de todos os animais 40 dias após ovariectomia. Dois dias após essa cirurgia, os animais dos grupos ovariectomizado/selênio e ovariectomizado/selênio/irradiado receberam 0,8 mg Se/kg. Três dias após a cirurgia, os animais dos grupos ovariectomizado/irradiado e ovariectomizado/selênio/irradiado receberam 10 Gy de radiação X na região de membros inferiores. Os animais foram sacrificados 7, 14, 21 e 28 dias após a cirurgia para avaliação do processo de reparo ósseo, que foi realizado pela análise do número de trabéculas ósseas (coloração Tricrômico de Masson) e pela análise de birrefringência (coloração de Picrosirius). Foi observado atraso no processo de reparo ósseo no grupo ovariectomizado/irradiado e semelhança entre os grupos ovariectomizado, ovariectomizado/selênio e ovariectomizado/selênio/irradiado. Foi possível concluir que o selenito de sódio exerceu efeito radioprotetor no processo de reparação de tíbias em ratas ovariectomizadas sem toxicidade.


Assuntos
Animais , Feminino , Ratos , Antioxidantes/uso terapêutico , Regeneração Óssea/efeitos dos fármacos , Ovariectomia , Protetores contra Radiação/uso terapêutico , Ácido Selenioso/uso terapêutico , Tíbia/efeitos dos fármacos , Compostos Azo , Densidade Óssea/efeitos dos fármacos , Densidade Óssea/efeitos da radiação , Doenças Ósseas/fisiopatologia , Regeneração Óssea/efeitos da radiação , Remodelação Óssea/efeitos dos fármacos , Remodelação Óssea/efeitos da radiação , Corantes , Amarelo de Eosina-(YS) , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Verde de Metila , Doses de Radiação , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos Wistar , Fatores de Tempo , Tíbia/efeitos da radiação
18.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: lil-601381

RESUMO

A Displasia ectodérmica é uma doença rara de origem congênita, caracterizada pelo comprometimento de estruturas derivadas do ectoderma. Os indivíduos portadores de Displasia ectodérmica apresentam como sinais clínicos: hipotricose, hipohidrose e anormalidades cranianas. As manifestações orais mais frequentes são a oligodontia ou anodontia, atraso na erupção e anomalias de formas dentárias, além de hipoplasia de esmalte e deficiência no desenvolvimento do processo alveolar. O objetivo neste artigo é relatar dois casos de displasia ectodérmica, enfatizando suas características clínicas e radiográficas, bem como suas principais implicações odontológicas


The ectodermal dysplasia is a rare congenital disease characterized by the involvement of structures derived from ectoderm. Individuals who have ectodermal dysplasia have the following clinical signs: hypotrichosis, hypohidrosis and cranial abnormalities. The most common oral lesions are oligodontia or anodontia, delayed eruption and morphologic abnormality, as well as enamel hypoplasia and deficiency in the development of the alveolar process. The aim of this article is to report two cases of dysplasia, emphasizing their clinical and radiographic features, as well as their main dental implications


Assuntos
Masculino , Feminino , Pré-Escolar , Displasia Ectodérmica , Genética , Mutação
19.
Braz Dent J ; 22(2): 129-33, 2011.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21537586

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy on the diagnosis of secondary caries-like lesions simulated on esthetic restorations of different materials, changing the incidence vertical angle (IVA) of the x-ray beam. Twenty human teeth received MOD inlay preparations. In the experimental group (n=10), a round cavity was made in the floor of the proximal box to simulate the caries-like lesion. All teeth were restored with 3 composite resins (Charisma, Filtek-Z250 and TPH-Spectrum) at 3 moments. Two radiographic images were acquired with 0º and 10º IVA. Ten observers evaluated the images using a 5-point confidence scale. Intra- and interobserver reliability was analyzed with the Interclass Correlation Coefficient and the diagnostic accuracy was evaluated using the area under the ROC curve (A(z)), Friedman test and Wilcoxon test (α=0.05). Higher accuracy values were obtained with 10º IVA (A(z)=0.66, Filtek-Z250>A(z)=0.56, TPH-Spectrum) compared to 0º (A(z)=0.55, Charisma>A(z)=0.37, TPH-Spectrum), though without statistically significant difference (p>0.05). The detection of secondary caries-like lesions simulated on esthetic restorations of different materials suffered no negative influence by changing the IVA of the x-ray beam.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária/diagnóstico por imagem , Restauração Dentária Permanente/efeitos adversos , Radiografia Interproximal/métodos , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Resinas Compostas , Cárie Dentária/etiologia , Restauração Dentária Permanente/métodos , Estética Dentária , Humanos , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Curva ROC , Estatísticas não Paramétricas
20.
Braz. dent. j ; 22(2): 129-133, 2011. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-583801

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy on the diagnosis of secondary caries-like lesions simulated on esthetic restorations of different materials, changing the incidence vertical angle (IVA) of the x-ray beam. Twenty human teeth received MOD inlay preparations. In the experimental group (n=10), a round cavity was made in the floor of the proximal box to simulate the caries-like lesion. All teeth were restored with 3 composite resins (Charisma, Filtek-Z250 and TPH-Spectrum) at 3 moments. Two radiographic images were acquired with 0º and 10º IVA. Ten observers evaluated the images using a 5-point confidence scale. Intra- and interobserver reliability was analyzed with the Interclass Correlation Coefficient and the diagnostic accuracy was evaluated using the area under the ROC curve (Az), Friedman test and Wilcoxon test (α=0.05). Higher accuracy values were obtained with 10º IVA (Az=0.66, Filtek-Z250>Az=0.56, TPH-Spectrum) compared to 0º (Az=0.55, Charisma>Az=0.37, TPH-Spectrum), though without statistically significant difference (p>0.05). The detection of secondary caries-like lesions simulated on esthetic restorations of different materials suffered no negative influence by changing the IVA of the x-ray beam.


O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a precisão no diagnóstico de lesões iguais-à-cárie secundárias simuladas em restaurações estéticas de materiais diferentes, mudando o ângulo vertical de incidência (AVI) do feixe de raios-x. Vinte dentes humanos foram submetidos a preparo cavitário inlay MOD. No grupo experimental (n=10), no soalho da caixa de proximal, foi confeccionada uma cavidade esférica para simular lesões iguais-a-cárie. Todos os dentes foram restaurados com 3 resinas compostas (Charisma, Filtek-Z250, TPH-Spectrum), em três tempos diferentes. Duas imagens radiográficas foram adquiridas com 0 e 10 graus de AVI o feixe de raios-x. Dez observadores avaliaram as imagens usando uma escala de confiança de 5-pontos. A reprodutibilidade intra- e inter- observador foi analisada com o coeficiente de correlação interclasse e a precisão do diagnóstico foi avaliada usando a área sob a curva ROC (Az), o teste de Friedman e de Wilcoxon (α=0,05). Os mais altos valores de precisão (p>0,05) foram observados com o AVI em 10º (Filtek-Z250 Az=0,66>TPH-Spectrum Az=0,56) comparado com 0º (Charisma Az=0,55>TPH-Spectrum Az=0,37), porém, sem diferenças estatisticamente significantes (p>0,05). A detecção de lesões iguais-à-cárie secundárias simulada em restaurações estéticas de diferentes materiais não foi influenciada pela mudança de AVI do feixe de raios-x.


Assuntos
Humanos , Cárie Dentária , Restauração Dentária Permanente/efeitos adversos , Radiografia Interproximal/métodos , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Resinas Compostas , Cárie Dentária/etiologia , Restauração Dentária Permanente/métodos , Estética Dentária , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Curva ROC , Estatísticas não Paramétricas
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA