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J Med Econ ; 27(1): 126-133, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38105744


AIM: Albumin role as fluid resuscitation in sepsis remains understudied in low- and middle-income countries. This study aimed to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of intravenous (IV) Albumin compared to Crystalloids in sepsis patients using patient-level data in Jordan. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of sepsis patients aged 18 or older admitted to intensive care units (ICU) at two major tertiary hospitals during the period 2018-2019. Patients information, type of IV fluid, and clinical outcomes were retrieved from medical records, and charges were retrieved from the billing system. A 90-day partitioned survival model with two health states (alive and dead) was constructed to estimate the survival of sepsis patients receiving either Albumin or Crystalloids as IV fluids for resuscitation. Overall survival was predicted by fitting a Weibull model on the patient-level data from the current study. To further validate the results, and to support the assessment of uncertainty, time-dependent transition probabilities of death at each cycle were estimated and used to construct a state-transition patient-level simulation model with 10,000 microsimulation trials. Adopting the healthcare system perspective, incremental cost-effectiveness ratios(ICERs) of Albumin versus Crystalloids were calculated in terms of the probability to be discharged alive from the ICU. Uncertainty was explored using probabilistic sensitivity analysis. RESULTS: In the partitioned survival model, Albumin was associated with an incremental cost of $1,007 per incremental1% in the probability of being discharged alive from the ICU. In the state-transition patient-level simulation model, ICER was $1,268 per incremental 1% in the probability of being discharged alive. Probabilistic sensitivity analysis showed that Albumin was favored at thresholds >$800 per incremental 1%in the probability of being discharged alive from the ICU. CONCLUSION: IV Albumin use in sepsis patients might not be cost-effective from the healthcare perspective of Jordan. This has important implications for policymakers to readdress Albumin prescribing practice in sepsis patients.

Sepsis is a life-threatening complication of infection, which usually requires resuscitation with intravenous fluids. Still, no conclusive evidence is available about the best fluid resuscitation to be used in sepsis patients especially in low- and middle-income countries. This study compared the costs and effectiveness of intravenous Albumin versus Crystalloids in sepsis patients. Findings from this study showed that resuscitation with Albumin is much more expensive compared to resuscitation with Crystalloids with no significant difference in mortality but with prolonged length of stay in the hospital and the intensive care unit. Decision makers are advised to change Albumin prescribing practices in a way that mitigates the associated clinical and financial burdens without compromising quality of care or resuscitate with Crystalloids.

Sepse , Humanos , Análise Custo-Benefício , Estudos Retrospectivos , Jordânia , Sepse/tratamento farmacológico , Soluções Cristaloides/uso terapêutico , Albuminas/uso terapêutico
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37191454


OBJECTIVES: This study was undertaken to evaluate the prescribing practice of albumin in the intensive care unit (ICU) and to compare the clinical and economic outcomes associated with intravenous (IV) albumin compared to crystalloids in the ICU. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of ICU adult patients admitted to King Abdullah University Hospital during 2018-2019. Patient demographics, clinical characteristics, and admission charges were retrieved from medical records and billing system. Survival analysis, multivariable regression models, and propensity score matching estimator were performed to evaluate the impact of IV resuscitation fluid types on the clinical and economic outcomes. RESULTS: Albumin administration in the ICU was associated with significantly lower hazards of ICU death (HR = 0.57; P value <0.001), but without improving overall death probability compared to crystalloids. Albumin was associated with significant prolongation in the ICU length of stay (5.86 days; P value <0.001). Only 88 patients (24.3%) were prescribed albumin for Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved indications. Admission charges were significantly higher for patients treated with albumin (p value <0.001). CONCLUSIONS: IV Albumin use in the ICU was not associated with significant improvement in clinical outcomes, but with a remarkable increase in economic burden. The majority of patients received albumin for non-FDA-approved indications.

Albuminas , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Adulto , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Soluções Cristaloides , Administração Intravenosa , Tempo de Internação
Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 35(4): 497-504, 2023 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36719822


OBJECTIVES: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a severe complication that is associated with significant morbidity and mortality in hospitalized cirrhotic patients. Data about AKI incidence and outcomes in patients with cirrhosis is scarce in the Middle East region. This study explored the incidence and impact of AKI on clinical and economic outcomes in cirrhosis. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of cirrhosis patients admitted to an educational hospital in Jordan during the years 2012-2022. Demographics, clinical and biochemical information, and charges were retrieved from medical electronic records. Logistic regression models were conducted to evaluate predictors of AKI and mortality in cirrhosis adjusting for covariates. Hospital charges were also described. RESULTS: A total of 380 cirrhosis patients were included with an AKI incidence of 27.9%. Male sex, elevated baseline serum creatinine, presence of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, and higher comorbidity score were independently associated with AKI development ( P < 0.05). The hospital mortality rate was markedly higher for patients with AKI versus those without AKI (51.9% vs. 6.2%, respectively; P < 0.001). AKI was associated independently with higher odds of hospital death (OR = 5.83, P < 0.001), prolongation of the median hospital stays by 5 days ( P < 0.001), more clinical complications, and increased total hospital charges per admission by $2500. CONCLUSION: AKI is prevalent in cirrhosis patients, and it is associated with increased mortality, hospitalization, and cost. This burden in cirrhosis emphasizes the need for early identification of patients at high risk of AKI and applying prompt and effective management approaches, aiming at improving outcomes.

Injúria Renal Aguda , Cirrose Hepática , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Cirrose Hepática/complicações , Estudos de Coortes , Hospitalização , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Fatores de Risco